CN205367492U - Siding track formula single -beam crane and trolley thereof - Google Patents

Siding track formula single -beam crane and trolley thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN205367492U
CN205367492U CN201620098597.2U CN201620098597U CN205367492U CN 205367492 U CN205367492 U CN 205367492U CN 201620098597 U CN201620098597 U CN 201620098597U CN 205367492 U CN205367492 U CN 205367492U
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load
lifting
girder
crane
trolley
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CN201620098597.2U
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王历鑫
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王历鑫
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a siding track formula single -beam crane and trolley thereof, trolley, include the running gear of operation on the hoist girder corresponding, that length direction extends along the fore -and -aft direction and be used for rising the hoisting mechanism of heavy object, hoisting mechanism and arrange about running gear. The utility model discloses arrange trolley's hoisting mechanism and running gear in the direction about along, this kind of structural style, for the trolley of upper and lower the arrange form of hoisting mechanism under, that obviously can improve the hoist plays to rise limit height.

Description

A kind of siding track formula single-beam crane and trolley thereof
Technical field
This utility model relates to a kind of siding track formula single-beam crane and trolley thereof.
Background technology
Bridge crane is widely used in the places such as workshop, warehouse, stock ground, for the occasion that lifting capacity is less, adopts single-beam bridge-type crane with electric hoist more.The version that the many employings of structure of mono beam crane in bridge type are traditional, the employing single crab operating structure that lifting capacity is slightly smaller, the employing double trolley operating structure of the slightly larger point of lifting capacity.Girder adopts the pattern of bag I-steel, main beam structure complex manufacturing.For this problem, Chinese patent CN101973485A(Shen Qing Publication day is 2011.02.16) disclose a kind of Novel electric hoist mono-beam bridge type crane, the girder of this crane includes upper cover plate, web and lower cover, web is arranged between upper cover plate and lower cover, the case structure that upper cover plate and lower cover are connected, and the slab of guide rail it is placed in the junction of web and lower cover.The travelling mechanism of dolly includes adhesion wheel, driven wheel, adhesion wheel and driven wheel and is suspended on the slab on girder.But this crane there is also some problems simultaneously, such as, the adhesion wheel of electric block and driven wheel are suspended on the guide rail on girder, the electric reel of electric block is in the underface of adhesion wheel and driven wheel, that is the lifting mechanism of electric block is positioned at the lower section of travelling mechanism and mobile with the movement of travelling mechanism, so can cause that the lifting altitude of electric reel is restricted, and reduces the highest lifting altitude of crane.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of trolley, to solve the existing technical problem making the highest lifting altitude of crane be restricted because of vehicle structure form.This utility model also provides for a kind of siding track formula single-beam crane using this trolley simultaneously.
In order to realize object above, in this utility model, the technical scheme of trolley is as follows: trolley, travelling mechanism including operation on the crane girder that corresponding, length direction extend along the longitudinal direction and the lifting mechanism for the weight that hoists, arrange about described lifting mechanism and described travelling mechanism.
Described travelling mechanism includes vehicle wheel frame, load-carrying link plate, vehicle wheel frame is rotatably equipped with on girder run wheel, load-carrying link plate is arranged on vehicle wheel frame, described load-carrying link plate is provided with and prevents dolly from turning on one's side in running, departs from the guide and limit mechanism of girder, and described guide and limit mechanism position limiting structure corresponding on crane girder in use guiding coordinates.
Described lifting mechanism releasable connection is on described load-carrying link plate.
Described load-carrying link plate is bent plate, and bent plate includes riser and transverse slat, and transverse slat extends to crane girder side, and described guide and limit mechanism is arranged on described transverse slat, and described lifting mechanism is connected on described riser.
Described lifting mechanism includes the fixed frame that hoists, the fixed frame that hoists has the inner chamber for installing assembly pulley, described riser is provided with load-carrying hanging hole, the side towards riser of the described fixed frame that hoists is provided with for buckling the hook in described load-carrying hanging hole, the described fixed frame that hoists is fastened by bolts after buckling to described riser, described in hoist on fixed frame in the bolt hole being connected with penetrating for described bolt of described hook.
This utility model siding track formula single-beam crane adopts the following technical scheme that siding track formula single-beam crane includes the girder that length direction extends along the longitudinal direction, on girder, guiding is equipped with trolley along its length, described trolley includes travelling mechanism and the lifting mechanism for the weight that hoists, and arranges about described lifting mechanism and described travelling mechanism.
Described travelling mechanism includes vehicle wheel frame, load-carrying link plate, vehicle wheel frame is rotatably equipped with on girder run wheel, load-carrying link plate is arranged on vehicle wheel frame, described load-carrying link plate is provided with and prevents dolly from turning on one's side in running, departs from the guide and limit mechanism of girder, and described guide and limit mechanism position limiting structure corresponding on crane girder in use guiding coordinates.
Described lifting mechanism releasable connection is on described load-carrying link plate.
Described load-carrying link plate is bent plate, and bent plate includes riser and transverse slat, and transverse slat extends to crane girder side, and described guide and limit mechanism is arranged on described transverse slat, and described lifting mechanism is connected on described riser.
Described lifting mechanism includes the fixed frame that hoists, the fixed frame that hoists has the inner chamber for installing assembly pulley, described riser is provided with load-carrying hanging hole, the side towards riser of the described fixed frame that hoists is provided with for buckling the hook in described load-carrying hanging hole, the described fixed frame that hoists is fastened by bolts after buckling to described riser, described in hoist on fixed frame in the bolt hole being connected with penetrating for described bolt of described hook.
The beneficial effects of the utility model: this utility model is arranged upper in left-right direction to the lifting mechanism of trolley and travelling mechanism, this version, relative to existing lifting mechanism under arrangement form up and down, hence it is evident that the limiting altitude that hoists of crane can be improved.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of embodiment 1 of the present utility model;
Fig. 2 is the sectional view of Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is that two-shipper merges the schematic diagram used;
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of the girder in Fig. 2;
Fig. 5 is the structural representation of the assembly pulley in Fig. 1;
Fig. 6 is the perspective view of Fig. 5;
Fig. 7 is the structural representation of the travelling mechanism in Fig. 1;
Fig. 8 is the structural representation of the lifting mechanism in Fig. 1;
Fig. 9 is the structural representation of the fixed frame that hoists in Fig. 8;
Figure 10 is the structural representation of the driving group in Fig. 8;
Figure 11 is the structural representation of the chain guides in Fig. 8;
Figure 12 is the sectional view of Figure 10;
Figure 13 is the structural representation of the driving wheel in Figure 12;
Figure 14 is the structural representation driving axle in Figure 12;
Figure 15 is the sectional view of another kind of crane main beam structure.
Detailed description of the invention
The embodiment 1 of this utility model siding track formula single-beam crane: as represented in figures 1 through 14, siding track formula single-beam crane, the girder 2 extended along the longitudinal direction including length direction, guiding movement are assemblied on girder 2 trolley 4.The rear and front end of girder 2 is provided with operation end carriage 1, runs end carriage 1 and runs on the cart track 11 being arranged on accordingly in Factory Building, runs end carriage 1 and is driven by left and right operation motor 12.Run end carriage and be provided with end carriage electric box 13.Girder 2 is in box-structure, and including lower cover 25, the first web the 27, second web 24 and upper cover plate 26 of being located on lower cover 25, first web the 27, second web 24 be arranged in parallel and between upper cover plate 26 and lower cover 25.Girder 2 is internal is provided with inner reinforced plate.All stretching out on the left of first web the 27, second web 24(along its width of lower cover 25 is the first web, and right side is the second web 24, lower cover 25 stretch out the first web 27 to the left, stretch out to the right the second web 24).The part stretching out the first web, the second web of lower cover 25 is equipped with track girder, track girder include extending along the longitudinal direction for support Load-bearing rail rail supported plate 28 and along rail supported plate 28 length direction spaced reinforcement gusset 29.Three sides strengthening gusset 29 are welded to connect with rail supported plate the 28, second web 24 and lower cover 25 respectively.Load-bearing rail 23 is fixed on rail supported plate 28 and extends along the longitudinal direction.Rail supported plate 28 and lower cover 25 be arranged in parallel.Upper cover plate 26 is all stretched out in the upper end of first web the 27, second web 24, and upper cover plate 26 is between first web the 27, second web 24.
Trolley 4 includes travelling mechanism, lifting mechanism, and travelling mechanism includes vehicle wheel frame 42, load-carrying link plate 40, arranges about lifting mechanism and travelling mechanism.The drivewheel of dolly is arranged in vehicle wheel frame 42, and drivewheel runs along Load-bearing rail 23.The side of vehicle wheel frame 42 is located at and is driven the front and back of drivewheel motion to run motor 43, and front and back are run motor 43 and extended in left-right direction.Load-carrying link plate 40 is arranged on above vehicle wheel frame 42, load-carrying link plate 40 is bent plate, bent plate includes riser 402 and transverse slat 401, transverse slat 401 extends to girder side, transverse slat 401 is provided with guide and limit mechanism, guide and limit mechanism includes the vertically extending directive wheel of pivot center 41, and directive wheel 41 has two time intervals to arrange.The part protruding upward upper cover plate 26 of first web the 27, second web 24 forms the position limiting structure of correspondence, and the part that the second web 24 stretches out is designated as 241.Coordinated by the guide and limit of position limiting structure with directive wheel 41, make trolley 4 operate steadily, and can prevent trolley 4 from turning on one's side in running, depart from girder 2.
Lifting mechanism releasable connection is on riser 402, and lifting mechanism includes the fixed frame 46 that hoists, and is provided with assembly pulley in the fixed frame 46 that hoists, the arranged outside lifting motor 47 of the fixed frame 46 that hoists.Riser 402 is provided with load-carrying hanging hole 403, the hoist side towards riser 402 of fixed frame 46 is provided with the hook 461 for buckling in load-carrying hanging hole 403, the fixed frame 46 that hoists is fastened by bolts buckling after on riser 402, in the bolt hole 462 being connected with penetrating for bolt of hook 461 on the fixed frame 46 that hoists.Corresponding position on riser 402 is also equipped with corresponding bolt penetration hole.The fixed frame 46 that hoists has the installation cavity of up/down perforation, and assembly pulley includes fixed pulley group and guiding fixed pulley group, lifting hook pulley group in the same direction, and lifting altitude is not limited by lifting mechanism framework, can vertically rise and be raised to and fixed pulley group parallel height in the same direction.Specifically, fixed pulley includes fixed pulley 1A53, in the same direction fixed pulley 2A52, in the same direction fixed pulley 1B55, in the same direction fixed pulley 2B56 in the same direction in the same direction, lifting hook pulley group includes lifting hook pulley 1C59, lifting hook pulley 2C58, guiding fixed pulley group includes leading block D57, and assembly pulley is wound with the chain 49 for lifting suspension hook.Chain 49 one end is additionally provided with overload tractive sensor 54.Being provided with chain guides 50 in installation cavity body, chain guides 50 are provided with chain cable fairlead 501.The fixed frame 46 that hoists is further arranged below holding chain bag 44.Lifting mechanism around chain mode, one end of chain 49 is fixed together by wearing pin with overload tractive sensor 54, the other end through fixed pulley 1A53 in the same direction downwards around to lifting hook pulley 1C59 again upwards about to fixed pulley 1B55 in the same direction then downward around to leading block D57, upwards about to fixed pulley 2B56 in the same direction after leading block D57 leads, through fixed pulley 2B56 in the same direction down through lifting hook pulley 2C58 again upwards about to fixed pulley 2A52 in the same direction, then extend parallel to the driving group 51 of chain from fixed pulley 2A52 in the same direction.Driving group 51 includes shell 513, driving wheel 512, drives adapter sleeve 514, drives axle and 511, two jump rings of two bearings, adapter sleeve 514 is driven to connect driving wheel 512, drive axle 515, between connected by the form of spline, drive axle driven by lifting motor 47.
Side in first web the 27, second web 24 is provided with the hauling-chain frame 22 of Power Support drag chain, forms dee between the web that hauling-chain frame 22 is corresponding with first web the 27, second web 24.Hauling-chain frame 22 is formed by two-flap.
In the present embodiment, dolly has two and lays respectively at the left and right sides of girder, and trolley 4 includes main suspension hook 48, is provided with balancing suspension hook between the main suspension hook 48 of two dollies, balancing suspension hook includes hook body 72 and equalizer bar 71, and the two ends of equalizer bar 71 are connected on the main suspension hook 48 of dolly.Equalizer bar 71 be respectively arranged at two ends with first U-shaped snap ring the 73, second U-shaped snap ring 74.First U-shaped snap ring the 73, second U-shaped snap ring 74 is buckled on little car owner's suspension hook of correspondence.Balancing suspension hook can hoisting weight is relatively larger when two lifting mechanisms unite two into one goods.
In other embodiments, girder may be used without structure as shown in figure 15, is equipped with double trolley.Girder includes the girder body in box-structure, and the first web the 81, second web 83 and upper cover plate 87 that girder body includes lower cover 82, is located on lower cover 82, first web the 81, second web 83 be arranged in parallel and between upper cover plate 87 and lower cover 82.The inner reinforced plate of spaced apart reinforcement it is provided with inside girder.All stretching out on the left of first web the 81, second web 83(along its width of lower cover 82 is the first web, and right side is the second web 83, lower cover 82 stretch out the first web 81 to the left, stretch out to the right the second web 83.The part stretching out first web the 81, second web 83 of lower cover 82 is equipped with track girder, track girder include extending along the longitudinal direction for support Load-bearing rail 86 rail supported plate 85 and along rail supported plate 85 length direction spaced load-bearing gusset 84.Load-bearing gusset 84 has the joint face being connected with the first web 81, the rail supported plate in left side or the rail supported plate 85 of the second web 83, right side, and the lower surface of load-bearing gusset 84 is connected on lower cover 82.Load-bearing rail 86 is fixed on rail supported plate 85 and extends along the longitudinal direction.Rail supported plate 85 and lower cover 82 be arranged in parallel.Upper cover plate 87 is provided with the hauling-chain frame 88 for Power Support drag chain 93.Hauling-chain frame 88 is formed by opening up U-shaped plate, and the diapire of U-shaped plate forms the supporting surface of Power Support drag chain 93.Owing to being double trolley, therefore, power supply drag chain 93, hauling-chain frame 88 are all arrange two.Upper cover plate 87 is provided with limit track 89, and limit track 89 forms the position limiting structure that dolly is spacing.The medial surface of limit track 89 leads with the directive wheel 92 of dolly and coordinates.The travelling mechanism 90 of trolley is provided with the fixing plate 91 of anticreep, the end of the fixing plate 91 of anticreep is close to the downside of upper cover plate 87, the fixing plate of anticreep play prevent at crane just in case overweight time the chain breakage that hoists lifting mechanism is popped up the effect causing derailing and accident hazard.
This utility model is in use, two different goods of lifting mechanism lifting can be operated respectively, two lifting mechanisms arbitrarily can be exchanged through electrical equipment control, if a lifting mechanism breaks down wherein, another lifting mechanism can be called at any time enter duty and will not be subject to any impact of fault lifting mechanism, ensure that the safety in production of enterprise.Two lifting mechanisms merge through electrical equipment control and use, and can put down at diverse location according to the size of hung object and lift the relatively larger goods of weight, goods winches to the height that other crane does not reach.
In other embodiments, lifting mechanism may be used without the version utilizing steel wire rope and hoisting drum of routine, and steel wire rope substitutes chain, and hoisting drum is driven by lifting motor.Lifting mechanism is also by the removable load-carrying link plate being fixed on travelling mechanism of bolted form, it is possible to utilize the fixing connection of mode of welding.Adopt the mode of releasable connection, eliminate the step of welding, decrease welding capacity, not only manufacture assembling simple, and the problem that trolley deformation that welding capacity causes greatly can be avoided.
In other embodiments, guide and limit mechanism may be used without a rolling bearing to replace directive wheel, or directly adopts guide runner, and guide runner coordinates with the inner side guide and limit of limit track.

Claims (10)

1. trolley, the travelling mechanism including operation on the crane girder that corresponding, length direction extend along the longitudinal direction and the lifting mechanism for the weight that hoists, it is characterised in that: arrange about described lifting mechanism and described travelling mechanism.
2. trolley according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described travelling mechanism includes vehicle wheel frame, load-carrying link plate, vehicle wheel frame is rotatably equipped with on girder run wheel, load-carrying link plate is arranged on vehicle wheel frame, described load-carrying link plate is provided with and prevents dolly from turning on one's side in running, departs from the guide and limit mechanism of girder, and described guide and limit mechanism position limiting structure corresponding on crane girder in use guiding coordinates.
3. trolley according to claim 2, it is characterised in that: described lifting mechanism releasable connection is on described load-carrying link plate.
4. trolley according to claim 3, it is characterized in that: described load-carrying link plate is bent plate, and bent plate includes riser and transverse slat, transverse slat extends to crane girder side, described guide and limit mechanism is arranged on described transverse slat, and described lifting mechanism is connected on described riser.
5. trolley according to claim 4, it is characterized in that: described lifting mechanism includes the fixed frame that hoists, the fixed frame that hoists has the inner chamber for installing assembly pulley, described riser is provided with load-carrying hanging hole, the side towards riser of the described fixed frame that hoists is provided with for buckling the hook in described load-carrying hanging hole, the described fixed frame that hoists is fastened by bolts after buckling to described riser, described in hoist on fixed frame in the bolt hole being connected with penetrating for described bolt of described hook.
6. siding track formula single-beam crane, including the girder that length direction extends along the longitudinal direction, on girder, guiding is equipped with trolley along its length, described trolley includes travelling mechanism and the lifting mechanism for the weight that hoists, it is characterised in that: arrange about described lifting mechanism and described travelling mechanism.
7. siding track formula single-beam crane according to claim 6, it is characterized in that: described travelling mechanism includes vehicle wheel frame, load-carrying link plate, vehicle wheel frame is rotatably equipped with on girder run wheel, load-carrying link plate is arranged on vehicle wheel frame, described load-carrying link plate is provided with and prevents dolly from turning on one's side in running, departs from the guide and limit mechanism of girder, and described guide and limit mechanism position limiting structure corresponding on crane girder in use guiding coordinates.
8. siding track formula single-beam crane according to claim 7, it is characterised in that: described lifting mechanism releasable connection is on described load-carrying link plate.
9. siding track formula single-beam crane according to claim 8, it is characterized in that: described load-carrying link plate is bent plate, and bent plate includes riser and transverse slat, transverse slat extends to crane girder side, described guide and limit mechanism is arranged on described transverse slat, and described lifting mechanism is connected on described riser.
10. siding track formula single-beam crane according to claim 9, it is characterized in that: described lifting mechanism includes the fixed frame that hoists, the fixed frame that hoists has the inner chamber for installing assembly pulley, described riser is provided with load-carrying hanging hole, the side towards riser of the described fixed frame that hoists is provided with for buckling the hook in described load-carrying hanging hole, the described fixed frame that hoists is fastened by bolts after buckling to described riser, described in hoist on fixed frame in the bolt hole being connected with penetrating for described bolt of described hook.
CN201620098597.2U 2016-02-01 2016-02-01 Siding track formula single -beam crane and trolley thereof Active CN205367492U (en)

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