CN205288644U - Spherical graphite production facility - Google Patents

Spherical graphite production facility Download PDF

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Publication number
CN205288644U
CN205288644U CN201521138537.0U CN201521138537U CN205288644U CN 205288644 U CN205288644 U CN 205288644U CN 201521138537 U CN201521138537 U CN 201521138537U CN 205288644 U CN205288644 U CN 205288644U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
nodularization
rotating disk
graphite
spherical graphite
balling
Prior art date
Application number
CN201521138537.0U
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
陈庚
陈瑞
韩军
韩玉凤
牟振
崔广宏
徐德英
吕国良
Original Assignee
黑龙江省牡丹江农垦奥宇石墨深加工有限公司
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Priority to CN201521138537.0U priority Critical patent/CN205288644U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN205288644U publication Critical patent/CN205288644U/en

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Abstract

The utility model provides a spherical graphite production facility, belongs to spherical graphite production technical field. The utility model discloses a to solve present spherical graphite production process loaded down with trivial details, the production technology is complicated, the production facility is not suitable for bulk production's problem. The utility model discloses an organism, balling transmission and interior grader transmission, the upper end of organism is equipped with the discharge gate, the lower extreme of organism is equipped with the feed inlet, the middle part of organism is equipped with the ring gear, the mobile indoor seal that is equipped with of raw materials of the lower extreme component of ring gear and organism, the upper end of seal is equipped with first balling carousel and second balling carousel respectively, be equipped with the powder sword on first balling carousel and the second balling carousel, first balling carousel and second balling carousel can be realized the selection motion, thereby realize spherical graphite's processing production. The utility model discloses simple structure, the installation of being convenient for, it is equal steerable at the within range of setting value in advance, steady quality to give birth to the indexs such as sphericity, particle size distribution, tap density, apparent density, real density of puerperal graphite product.

Description

A kind of spherical graphite produces equipment
Technical field
This utility model relates to spherical graphite, particularly relates to a kind of spherical graphite and produces equipment.
Background technology
Countries in the world are all using developing the environmental protection energy strategic objective as sustainable economic development now, especially air pollution, haze weather has had a strong impact on the Health and Living of the mankind, work, and one of arch-criminal of haze is exactly vehicle exhaust, therefore development new-energy automobile becomes the improvement effective scheme of air-polluting, wherein new-energy automobile is with fastest developing speed is also be exactly the most successfully hybrid power and pure electric vehicle, because lithium ion battery has above many advantages, it is taken as main power source and is applied in hybrid power and pure electric vehicle, carbon graphite class material is because of its wide material sources, the cheap main negative material as lithium ion battery is applied at most, automobile carbon negative pole material is then stricter to safety requirements, if the graphite-like grain diameter in negative material is bigger than normal or draw ratio is bigger than normal, battery charge and discharge process easily punctures barrier film and forms short circuit, therefore develop superfine spherical graphite and become the technology mainly captured of researcher, existing Producer has carried out further transformation in order to produce spherical graphite just for the equipment producing common graphite powder, but its production effect is bad, the product prepared does not reach far away the index request of spherical graphite, particularly sphericity, particle size distribution, tap density, apparent density, true density, the indexs such as specific surface area cannot realize the technology requirement needed for user, its main cause is: what adopt because of general graphite powder is the principle of mechanical activation comminution, namely adopt the technical scheme that the mode by graphite powder machinery is pulverized, bulky grain is made to become little granule, but the graphite powder that this mode is pulverized out, its graininess is in the form of sheets, triangle, class is spheroidal mixed in together, then carry out sub-sieve and go out spherical graphite, such production spherical graphite mode is complicated, and produce very difficult, it is not suitable for producing in a large number spherical graphite.
Utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is loaded down with trivial details in order to solve existing spherical graphite production process, complex manufacturing, and production equipment is unsuitable for mass-produced problem, and then provides a kind of spherical graphite to produce equipment.
The technical solution of the utility model:
A kind of spherical graphite produces equipment and includes body, nodularization actuating device and internal classification machine actuating device, described body is cylindrical housings, the upper end of body is provided with discharging opening, the lower end of body is provided with charging aperture, it is provided with a circle slideway around body inwall at the middle part of body, gear ring it is provided with in slideway, material flow room is formed between lower surface and the body bottom surface of described gear ring, spheroidization of graphite room is formed between upper surface and the end face of body of gear ring, described material flow indoor are provided with seal, the upper end of seal is respectively equipped with the first nodularization rotating disk and the second nodularization rotating disk, the upper circumferential plane of described first nodularization rotating disk and the lower circumferential plane of the second nodularization rotating disk are respectively equipped with powder body cutter, the second described nodularization rotating disk is fixed in rotating shaft, the other end of rotating shaft is fixed with the first bevel gear, the first described nodularization rotating disk is arranged in rotating shaft by bearing, first nodularization rotating disk connects by fixed cover and the second bevel gear are fixing, fixed cover realizes supporting by bearing and bearing block, bearing block is arranged in seal, nodularization actuating device realizes engagement by bevel gear with the first bevel gear and the second bevel gear and is connected, described spheroidization of graphite indoor are provided with flow splitter and internal classification machine, and internal classification machine is arranged in flow splitter.
Preferred: to form an airtight cavity between described seal and bearing block, in cavity, be provided with the coolant of flowing capable of circulation.
Preferred: described discharging opening communicates with spheroidization of graphite room.
Preferred: the upper circumferential plane of the first nodularization rotating disk and the lower circumferential plane of the second nodularization rotating disk are equidistantly provided with powder body cutter, the quantity of powder body cutter is 6-12.
Preferred: described internal classification actuating device is made up of internal classification motor, conveyer belt and classification rotating shaft.
Preferred: described nodularization actuating device is made up of nodularization motor, drive link and bevel gear.
This utility model has the advantages that the outlet of a kind of spherical graphite of the present utility model production device product is arranged on the top of nodularization room, when graphite powder flows to outlet, have to pass through the flow splitter and upper grader that arrange in nodularization room, graphite powder is under the effect of flow splitter and upper grader, it is necessary to then through the collision of nodularization room, rub curling, reunite, after the plural process of closely knit reunion, then granule qualified after being separated with upper grader by flow splitter is discharged, and fails qualified granule and proceeds friction, shear, collision, curling, reunite, closely knit process, effectively controls, by arranging of parameter, the speed that graphite powder flows bottom-up, effectively controls the friction of graphite powder, shear, collision, curling, reunite, closely knit quality, with the product that realizes preparing for spherical, and the sphericity of the graphite products after producing, particle size distribution, tap density, apparent density, true density, the indexs such as specific surface area all can be controlled in the scope of prior setting value, steady quality, and this utility model organization distribution is ingenious, simple in construction, it is simple to install, it is easy to mass production, it is easy to safeguarding, production cost is low, it is easy to popularization and application.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation that a kind of spherical graphite produces equipment;
1-body in figure, 2-nodularization actuating device, 3-internal classification machine actuating device, 4-discharging opening, 5-charging aperture, 6-gear ring, 7-material flow room, 8-spheroidization of graphite room, 9-seal, 10-the first nodularization rotating disk, 11-the second nodularization rotating disk, 12-classification rotating shaft, 13-powder body cutter, 14-rotating shaft, 15-the first bevel gear, 16-fixed cover, 17-the second bevel gear, 18-bevel gear, 19-bearing block, 20-flow splitter, 21-internal classification machine, 22-cavity, 23-internal classification motor, 24-conveyer belt, 25-nodularization motor, 26-drive link.
Detailed description of the invention
Detailed description of the invention one: present embodiment is described in conjunction with Fig. 1, a kind of spherical graphite of present embodiment produces equipment and includes body 1, nodularization actuating device 2 and internal classification machine actuating device 3, described body 1 is cylindrical housings, the upper end of body 1 is provided with discharging opening 4, the lower end of body 1 is provided with charging aperture 5, it is provided with a circle slideway around body 1 inwall at the middle part of body 1, gear ring 6 it is provided with in slideway, material flow room 7 is formed between lower surface and body 1 bottom surface of described gear ring 6, spheroidization of graphite room 8 is formed between upper surface and the end face of body 1 of gear ring 6, it is provided with seal 9 in described material flow room 7, the upper end of seal 9 is respectively equipped with the first nodularization rotating disk 10 and the second nodularization rotating disk 11, the upper circumferential plane of described first nodularization rotating disk 10 and the lower circumferential plane of the second nodularization rotating disk 11 are respectively equipped with powder body cutter 13, the second described nodularization rotating disk 11 is fixed in rotating shaft 14, the other end of rotating shaft 14 is fixed with the first bevel gear 15, the first described nodularization rotating disk 10 is arranged in rotating shaft 14 by bearing, first nodularization rotating disk 10 is connected by fixed cover 16 is fixing with the second bevel gear 17, fixed cover 16 realizes supporting by bearing and bearing block 19, bearing block 19 is arranged in seal 9, nodularization actuating device 2 realizes engagement by bevel gear 18 with the first bevel gear 15 and the second bevel gear 17 and is connected, being provided with flow splitter 20 and internal classification machine 21 in described spheroidization of graphite room 8, internal classification machine 21 is arranged in flow splitter 20, form an airtight cavity 22 between described seal 9 and bearing block 19, in cavity 22, be provided with the coolant of flowing capable of circulation, described discharging opening 4 communicates with spheroidization of graphite room 8, the upper circumferential plane of the first nodularization rotating disk 10 and the lower circumferential plane of the second nodularization rotating disk 11 are equidistantly provided with powder body cutter 13, and the quantity of powder body cutter is 6-12, described internal classification actuating device 3 is made up of internal classification motor 23, conveyer belt 24 and classification rotating shaft 12, described nodularization actuating device 2 is made up of nodularization motor 25, drive link 26 and bevel gear 18. so arrange, this utility model is respectively equipped with powder body cutter 13 in the upper circumferential plane of the first nodularization rotating disk 10 and the lower circumferential plane of the second nodularization rotating disk 11, it is connected through mounting structure simultaneously and realizes the first nodularization rotating disk 10 and the second nodularization rotating disk 11 realizes coaxial disrotatory operation, in powder body cutter 13 cutting process, material friction between powder body cutter and the gear ring of powder body nodularization rotating disk, collision, powder body nodularization rotating disk produces high velocity air with the rotation of powder body cutter cut direction simultaneously, material accelerates in the gas flow, and produce high velocity impact with fixed gear ring, natural scale is made to implement collision in secondary process, shear, gas current friction, curling, reunite, action such as closely knit grade, iterative cycles impacts and makes material be subject to dual powder refining simultaneously, accelerate the powder refining rate of material. first graphite granule is under the rotor effect of high speed rotating, is first disperseed rapidly, is constantly subject to the effects such as collision mutually, friction and shearing between the powerful impact of powder body cutter, gear ring and high velocity air, particle simultaneously, seal 9 is provided with cooling liquid inlet and cooling liquid outlet, cooling liquid inlet is arranged on the bottom of seal, cooling liquid outlet is arranged on the top of seal, cooling liquid inlet is connected with external pressure pump, therefore, when coolant enters from bottom, along bearing block 19 surrounding and the heat of generation is passed to bearing block by the bearing of high-speed rotation cool down, from the exit on top, heat is taken out of, effectively reduce the temperature of its inner bearing system, extend bearing, bearing block 19, rotating shaft 14 service life, the equipment of realization can continuously run for a long time, and it is stable, reduce maintenance of equipment expense, reduce production cost, improve production efficiency.
This equipment enable to graphite powder refine in the realization of nodularization indoor, shear, collision, friction, curling, reunite, closely knit physical process, or realize physics nodularization process and combine with mechanical milling processes, with the product that realizes preparing for spherical, the indexs such as the sphericity of its spherical graphite powder, particle size distribution, tap density, apparent density, true density, specific surface area all can be controlled in the scope of prior setting value, steady quality; Productivity can improve more than 3 times; Automatic Control can be realized; The airtight performance of equipment is good, and without dust leakage, noise is little; Can realize reducing energy consumption more than 50%, greatly reduce production cost; The airtight performance of equipment is good, and without dust leakage, noise is little; Can realize many days continuously running, safe and reliable.
Present embodiment is the exemplary illustration to this patent, does not limit its protection domain, and its local can also be changed by those skilled in the art, as long as no the spirit beyond this patent, all in the protection domain of this patent.

Claims (6)

1. a spherical graphite produces equipment, including body (1), nodularization actuating device (2) and internal classification machine actuating device (3), it is characterized in that: described body (1) is cylindrical housings, the upper end of body (1) is provided with discharging opening (4), the lower end of body (1) is provided with charging aperture (5), it is provided with a circle slideway around body (1) inwall at the middle part of body (1), gear ring (6) it is provided with in slideway, material flow room (7) is formed between lower surface and body (1) bottom surface of described gear ring (6), spheroidization of graphite room (8) is formed between upper surface and the end face of body (1) of gear ring (6), it is provided with seal (9) in described material flow room (7), the upper end of seal (9) is respectively equipped with the first nodularization rotating disk (10) and the second nodularization rotating disk (11), the upper circumferential plane of described first nodularization rotating disk (10) and the lower circumferential plane of the second nodularization rotating disk (11) are respectively equipped with powder body cutter (13), the second described nodularization rotating disk (11) is fixed in rotating shaft (14), the other end of rotating shaft (14) is fixed with the first bevel gear (15), the first described nodularization rotating disk (10) is arranged in rotating shaft (14) by bearing, first nodularization rotating disk (10) is connected by fixed cover (16) and the second bevel gear (17) are fixing, fixed cover (16) realizes supporting by bearing and bearing block (19), bearing block (19) is arranged in seal (9), nodularization actuating device (2) realizes engagement by bevel gear (18) with the first bevel gear (15) and the second bevel gear (17) and is connected, being provided with flow splitter (20) and internal classification machine (21) in described spheroidization of graphite room (8), internal classification machine (21) is arranged in flow splitter (20).
2. a kind of spherical graphite according to claim 1 produces equipment, it is characterized in that: form an airtight cavity (22) between described seal (9) and bearing block (19), in cavity (22), be provided with the coolant of flowing capable of circulation.
3. a kind of spherical graphite according to claim 1 produces equipment, it is characterised in that: described discharging opening (4) communicates with spheroidization of graphite room (8).
4. a kind of spherical graphite according to claim 1 produces equipment, it is characterized in that: the upper circumferential plane of the first nodularization rotating disk (10) and the lower circumferential plane of the second nodularization rotating disk (11) are equidistantly provided with powder body cutter (13), the quantity of powder body cutter is 6-12.
5. a kind of spherical graphite according to claim 1 produces equipment, it is characterised in that: described internal classification actuating device (3) is made up of internal classification motor (23), conveyer belt (24) and classification rotating shaft (12).
6. a kind of spherical graphite according to claim 1 produces equipment, it is characterised in that: described nodularization actuating device (2) is made up of nodularization motor (25), drive link (26) and bevel gear (18).
CN201521138537.0U 2015-12-31 2015-12-31 Spherical graphite production facility CN205288644U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201521138537.0U CN205288644U (en) 2015-12-31 2015-12-31 Spherical graphite production facility

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201521138537.0U CN205288644U (en) 2015-12-31 2015-12-31 Spherical graphite production facility

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN205288644U true CN205288644U (en) 2016-06-08

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CN201521138537.0U CN205288644U (en) 2015-12-31 2015-12-31 Spherical graphite production facility

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106799283A (en) * 2017-03-23 2017-06-06 深圳市玖创科技有限公司 A kind of spherical graphite crushes material collecting device
CN108187862A (en) * 2017-12-28 2018-06-22 宣城万德机械制造有限公司 A kind of rapidly and efficiently sand making machine
CN108358200A (en) * 2018-02-12 2018-08-03 黑龙江省牡丹江农垦奥宇石墨深加工有限公司 A kind of integration spherical machining graphite device and its processing method

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106799283A (en) * 2017-03-23 2017-06-06 深圳市玖创科技有限公司 A kind of spherical graphite crushes material collecting device
CN106799283B (en) * 2017-03-23 2018-09-04 吉林市亨昌炭素有限责任公司 A kind of spherical graphite crushing material collecting device
CN108187862A (en) * 2017-12-28 2018-06-22 宣城万德机械制造有限公司 A kind of rapidly and efficiently sand making machine
CN108358200A (en) * 2018-02-12 2018-08-03 黑龙江省牡丹江农垦奥宇石墨深加工有限公司 A kind of integration spherical machining graphite device and its processing method

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