CN205286235U - Simple and easy glass self -cleaning device - Google Patents

Simple and easy glass self -cleaning device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN205286235U
CN205286235U CN201521112813.6U CN201521112813U CN205286235U CN 205286235 U CN205286235 U CN 205286235U CN 201521112813 U CN201521112813 U CN 201521112813U CN 205286235 U CN205286235 U CN 205286235U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
glass
crank
guide rail
rocking bar
hinged
Prior art date
Application number
CN201521112813.6U
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王道累
杨峰
贾浩
江彦宏
王龙
徐婷婷
方良铖
Original Assignee
上海电力学院
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Application filed by 上海电力学院 filed Critical 上海电力学院
Priority to CN201521112813.6U priority Critical patent/CN205286235U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN205286235U publication Critical patent/CN205286235U/en

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Abstract

The utility model relates to a simple and easy glass self -cleaning device, a glass cleans for being directed at set up on the glass frame, cleaning device includes the guide rail, a machine support, the rocker, the crank, connecting rod and motor, the guide rail sets up on the frame of glass frame adjacent both sides, the frame sets up the glass frame outside in the oblique diagonal angle department in guide rail center, one end is articulated with the rocker, the other end is articulated with the crank, the rocker is the telescopic link, one end articulates in the frame, other end sliding connection is on the guide rail, and the rocker is on a parallel with the glass surface and sets up, crank one end articulates in the frame, and the other end of the swing rod is hinged with a connecting rod, connecting rod one end is articulated with the crank, the other end is articulated with the middle part of rocker, the motor is connected with crank drive, and the drive crank rotates, the articulate rotates and drives the rocker rotation through the connecting rod, rocker process of rotating and glass skin friction, the realization is to the cleanness on glass surface. Compared with the prior art, the utility model discloses simple structure, low cost, it is practical high -efficient, the operation of being convenient for.

Description

Simple glass automatic cleaning apparatus
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of simple glass automatic cleaning apparatus, belongs to cleaning glass field.
Background technology
Now glass is widely used at building field, and is divided into again large area and uses (outside modern architectureWall) and small size use (as the window of family), glass cleaning is at present leaned on manually mostly. People constantly chase after alwaysAsk automation, thereby people are more ready in the time of architectural design, to lay in advance in advance pipeline development Large Clean system. AndUse the place of glass in small-scales such as families, although on market, there are some products to release, all prevailing price costlinesses,Can not get being widely used. The easy, small and exquisite and with low cost of cleaning device more paid attention in cleaning of family's high-rise glassCharacteristic.
Chinese patent CN102267431A has announced a kind of automatic cleaning device for windscreen, by vibration source and controlDevice composition processed is installed vibration source on windshield, and vibration source connects with controller by holding wire. Can be automaticRemove sleet and dust on windshield, reduce the dependence to wiper; Device lifetime is long, need not be frequentChange, work noise is low; Exterior wall glass that can automated cleaning building, reduces operational hazards and cleaning cost. ShouldCleaning device cleaning performance is poor, and cleaning area can not cover monolithic glass.
Chinese patent CN202875216U has announced a kind of automatic glass cleaner, comprises driving mechanism, built-inFormula transmission mechanism, clean guide rail, washing barrel, blade insert mechanism and water pipe annex, described driving mechanism with inConcealed transmission mechanism connects, and driving mechanism and washing barrel are all arranged at and clean on guide rail, and washing barrel can be along clearlyWash guide rail and make back and forth movement, one end of cleaning guide rail is provided with water pipe annex, and washing barrel is provided with blade insert mechanism.The beneficial effect of this utility model is: clean safe ready, good economy performance, installation product cost low, control convenient,Clean flexibly. The problem that this device exists is: structure is comparatively complicated, is also provided with the annex such as washing barrel, water pipe,The actual inconvenience that uses.
Utility model content
The purpose of this utility model be exactly provide in order to overcome the defect that above-mentioned prior art exists a kind of singleCan operate, with low cost, practicality and high efficiency, the simple glass automatic cleaning apparatus that moves by crank rocker.
The purpose of this utility model can be achieved through the following technical solutions:
A kind of simple glass automatic cleaning apparatus, for the glass being arranged on instrument bezel is cleaned, described inCleaning device comprise:
Guide rail: be arranged on adjacent two frames of instrument bezel,
Frame: be arranged on the instrument bezel outside at diagonally opposing corner place of guideway centreline, one end and rocking bar are hinged, the other end andCrank is hinged,
Rocking bar: be expansion link, one end is hinged in frame, and the other end is slidably connected on guide rail, and rocking bar is flatGo in glass surface setting,
Crank: one end is hinged in frame, the other end and rod hinge connection,
Connecting rod: one end and crank are hinged, the middle part of the other end and rocking bar is hinged,
Motor: be connected with crank gearing, and drive crank to rotate, the rotation of crank drives rocking bar to turn by connecting rodMoving, rocking bar rotation process and glass surface friction, realize cleaning glass surface.
Described motor is connected with crank by gear-box, is provided with the travelling gear of engagement in described gear-boxWith reduction gearing, the output shaft of described motor is connected with travelling gear, described reduction gearing by crank axle withCrank connects.
Described travelling gear and reduction gearing are all arranged on gear shaft, and described gear shaft passes through ball bearingBe arranged in gear-box.
Described motor and frame are arranged on bracing frame, and described bracing frame is positioned at the below of instrument bezel.
Described guide rail is provided with the guide rail slide block being slidably connected with guide rail, and described guide rail slide block is provided with and shakesThe rocking bar rotating shaft that bar is hinged, described rocking bar rotating shaft is fixed on guide rail slide block by setscrew. Another kind of realExisting mode can arrange pulley on guide rail.
Between described guide rail and guide rail slide block, be provided with lubricating oil.
Described guide rail and I shape guide rail. Described guide rail external or in be hidden in instrument bezel.
The surface of described rocking bar be coated with for the spongy layer of glass surface friction. Sponge in motion processGood with glass contact, can wipe surfaces dirt.
The pivot angle of described rocking bar is preferably designed for 90 °, can the fit general angle of common glass of the pivot angle of 90 °Degree, in addition, the angle of pivot angle is not limited to the design of 90 °, to tackle various actual glass type.
Described rocking bar and connecting rod are respectively equipped with two, lay respectively at the both sides of glass, two connecting rods simultaneously with songHandle is hinged, is respectively equipped with two guide rails for being slidably connected with rocking bar in the both sides of instrument bezel. Now can realizeClean to glass both sides time.
Compared with prior art, the utlity model has following advantage and beneficial effect:
1, the utility model uses crank rocker to complete the course of work of cleaning glass, shakes with the crank band rotatingThe reciprocating motion of bar is with the covering cleaning of the most of area of complete pair glass, and in addition, rocking bar designs and produces into energyThe form of enough free-extensions, when rocking bar is during on glass shake, its area coverage is one fan-shaped. For completeCover monolithic glass, in the time that rocking bar swings, because rocking bar one end is slidably connected by guide rail slide block and guide rail, therefore,Rocking bar is along with it swings automatic telescopic to realize the covering to whole surface glass.
2, spongy layer is housed on rocking bar and as executing agency, glass is cleaned, in motion process sponge withGlass contact is good, can wipe surfaces dirt.
3, external or interior hidden guide rail is housed on instrument bezel. With pulley or slide block and rocking bar on guide railOuter end is connected, and ensure between the two can be relative to smooth rotating simultaneously. In the time of motion, this guide rail can be given rocking barThe action that completes automatic telescopic to draw it with enough power.
4, cleaning device of the present utility model, motor is connected with crank by gear-box and crank axle, drives bentHandle rotation, drives rocking bar to swing by the rotation of crank, realizes the action of cleaning glass, and therefore, this practicality is newType is automation equipment, and manpower is saved in simple operation.
5, cleaning device of the present utility model, can be furnished with symmetrical cleaning device in the both sides of glass, and phaseTo fixing, when clean, can complete the clean of both sides inside and outside glass simultaneously. Cleaning device is by rocking bar, connecting rod and leadThe common composition of the part such as rail.
6, cleaning device control of the present utility model is simple, and has removed unnecessary automaton, largeAmplitude has reduced cost.
7, cleaning device of the present utility model is to be fixedly installed on instrument bezel, does not want artificial not hand-held or leans outOperation, does not need movable cleaner yet outside window, therefore, has improved the security of device use procedure, and thisIn utility model cleaning device, comprise that guide rail, frame, rocking bar, crank, connecting rod and motor etc. are detachable sideFormula, for convenience detach and assembling.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is simple glass automatic cleaning apparatus structural representation;
Fig. 2 is motor and gear box structure schematic diagram;
Fig. 3 is the syndeton schematic diagram of guide rail and guide rail slide block.
Number in the figure: 1 is instrument bezel, 2 is glass, and 3 is guide rail, and 4 is frame, and 5 is rocking bar, 6 is crank,7 is connecting rod, and 8 is motor, and 9 is gear-box, and 10 is travelling gear, and 11 is reduction gearing, and 12 is crank axle,13 is gear shaft, and 14 is ball bearing, and 15 is bracing frame, and 16 is guide rail slide block, and 17 is rocking bar rotating shaft, 18For lubricating oil, 19 is setscrew.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments, the utility model is elaborated.
Embodiment
A kind of simple glass automatic cleaning apparatus, as shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2, for to being arranged on instrument bezel 1Glass 2 cleans, and cleaning device comprises guide rail 3, frame 4, rocking bar 5, crank 6, connecting rod 7 and motor 8,Guide rail 3 is arranged on adjacent two frames of instrument bezel 1, and frame 4 is arranged on the instrument bezel at guide rail 3 diagonally opposing corner places, center1 outside, one end and rocking bar 5 are hinged, and the other end and crank 6 are hinged, and rocking bar 5 is expansion link, and one end is hinged onIn frame 4, the other end is slidably connected on guide rail 3, and rocking bar 5 is parallel to glass 2 surface settings, crank 6One end is hinged in frame 4, and the other end and connecting rod 7 are hinged, and connecting rod 7 one end and crank 6 are hinged, the other end withThe middle part of rocking bar 5 is hinged, and motor 8 is in transmission connection with crank 6, and drives crank 6 to rotate, the rotation of crank 6Drive rocking bar 5 to rotate by connecting rod 7, rocking bar 5 rotation processes and glass 2 mantle frictions, realize glass 2Cleaning of surface.
Motor 8 and frame 4 are arranged on bracing frame 15, and bracing frame 15 is positioned at the below of instrument bezel 1.
The surface of rocking bar 5 be coated with for the spongy layer of glass 2 mantle frictions. Sponge and glass in motion processGlass contact is good, can wipe surfaces dirt.
In the present embodiment, the pivot angle of rocking bar 5 is designed to 90 °, the pivot angle of 90 ° one of the common glass of can fittingAs angle, in addition, the angle of pivot angle is not limited to the design of 90 °, to tackle various actual glass type.
Shown in figure 2, motor 8 is connected with crank 6 by gear-box 9, is provided with engagement in gear-box 9Travelling gear 10 and reduction gearing 11, the output shaft of motor 8 is connected with travelling gear 10, and reduction gearing 11 is logicalCrossing crank axle 12 is connected with crank 6. Travelling gear 10 is all arranged on gear shaft 13 with reduction gearing 11, toothWheel shaft 13 is arranged in gear-box 9 by ball bearing 14.
Shown in figure 3, guide rail 3 is provided with the guide rail slide block 16 being slidably connected with guide rail 3, guide rail slide block 16Be provided with the rocking bar rotating shaft 17 hinged with rocking bar 5, rocking bar rotating shaft 17 is fixed on guide rail by setscrew 19On slide block 16. Another kind of implementation can arrange pulley on guide rail 3. Between guide rail 3 and guide rail slide block 16Be provided with lubricating oil 18. Guide rail 3 and I shape guide rail. Guide rail 3 external or in be hidden in instrument bezel 1.
In addition, the cleaning device in the present embodiment can also be respectively equipped with two by rocking bar 5 and connecting rod 7, respectively positionIn the both sides of glass 2, two connecting rods 7 are simultaneously hinged with crank 6, are respectively equipped with two in the both sides of instrument bezel 1Be used for the guide rail 3 being slidably connected with rocking bar 5, clean when now can realizing glass both sides.
In the present embodiment,
Selecting rocking bar length is 150mm, and frame length is 250mm, and rocking bar pivot angle is 90 degree, crank angle between two limit positionsBe chosen as 20 degree. Be respectively with CAD other two pole lengths that solve of mapping: connecting rod: 276mm; Crank:96mm。
The selection of motor is as follows:
According to reality test, the required power that cleans the windows is about 10N, is evenly distributed on and cleans on rod member. Suppose glassFor the specification of 50cmX50cm, rocking bar is about 70cm most. Required work moment by moment formula is:
M = F L = 10 × 70 2 × 100 = 3.5 N . m
Design scouring speed is cleaning course of 6s, and required crank rolling velocity is:
n=60÷6=10r/min
Power demand is:
P = M ω = 3.5 × 10 × 2 p i 60 = 3.665 w
Possible friction loss and loss in efficiency in the middle of considering, selecting final power is 5w.
Carry out selecting motor as follows after similar comparison:
The flat axle D of 775 motor type chamfered edge axle, its parameter is as follows: rated voltage: 12V, no-load current: 0.27A, stifledTurn electric current: 3.25A, no-load speed: 4500 revs/min, motor shoulder height: 4.5mm, motor stepped diameters:17.5mm, goes out shaft length: 16mm (step shaft length above water), and the diameter of axle: 5mm axle (chamfered edge 1.5mm,Chamfered edge length 13mm), motor diameter: 42mm, motor length: 66.5mm, motor afterbody shoulder height: approximately7mm, motor afterbody goes out shaft length: about 4.5mm, the pitch-row of installing hole: about 29mm, the aperture of installing hole:M4 screw, motor weight: 350g.
Gear ratio is calculated:
The motor speed of selecting is up to 4500 revs/min, and the final rotating speed of designing requirement is 10 revs/min. Therefore always passMoving ratio is 450 left and right. Motor itself is equipped with 1M10 gear, improves transmission efficiency in order to reduce transmission progression,Adopt 1M100 tooth to slow down as gear wheel. Select 1M15 gear with the pinion that gear wheel is coaxial.
So: i is always=450
i1=10
100/15=i2=i3=……
Calculate and need altogether three grades of decelerations, final gearratio is:
Substantially always=450 meet i, calculate complete.
Known according to above-mentioned calculating, the cleaning device power demand of the present embodiment is not very large, and transmission accuracy is wantedAsk not high, and the power of motor upper limit of selecting is not high, if select comparatively heavy master gear can face final biographyThe problem of kinetic power deficiency. Therefore, finally having selected plastic nylon gear is travelling gear. Plastic nylon material is straightGear, has band boss not to be with two kinds of forms of boss. Advantage is lighter weight, and rotator inertia is little, transmission process meritRate loss is little. Shortcoming is that the strength of materials is not high, can not bear high-power transmission, and easy deviation is installed.
The above-mentioned description to embodiment is can understand and use in fact for ease of those skilled in the artWith novel. Person skilled in the art obviously can easily make various amendments to these embodiment, andGeneral Principle described herein is applied in other embodiment and needn't passes through performing creative labour. Therefore, this practicalityThe novel above-described embodiment that is not limited to, those skilled in the art, according to announcement of the present utility model, do not depart from this practicality newlyThe improvement that type category is made and amendment all should be within protection domains of the present utility model.

Claims (10)

1. a simple glass automatic cleaning apparatus, for entering the glass (2) being arranged on instrument bezel (1)Row is clean, it is characterized in that, described cleaning device comprises:
Guide rail (3): be arranged on adjacent two frames of instrument bezel (1),
Frame (4): be arranged on instrument bezel (1) outside at diagonally opposing corner place, guide rail (3) center, one end and rocking bar (5)Hinged, the other end and crank (6) are hinged,
Rocking bar (5): be expansion link, it is upper that one end is hinged on frame (4), and the other end is slidably connected at guide rail (3)Upper, and rocking bar (5) is parallel to glass (2) surface and arranges,
Crank (6): it is upper that one end is hinged on frame (4), and the other end and connecting rod (7) are hinged,
Connecting rod (7): one end and crank (6) are hinged, the middle part of the other end and rocking bar (5) is hinged,
Motor (8): be in transmission connection with crank (6), and drive crank (6) to rotate, the rotation of crank (6)Drive rocking bar (5) to rotate by connecting rod (7), rocking bar (5) rotation process and glass (2) mantle friction, realNow cleaning glass (2) surface.
2. a kind of simple glass automatic cleaning apparatus according to claim 1, is characterized in that, describedMotor (8) is connected with crank (6) by gear-box (9), is provided with engagement in described gear-box (9)Travelling gear (10) and reduction gearing (11), the output shaft of described motor (8) and travelling gear (10) connectConnect, described reduction gearing (11) is connected with crank (6) by crank axle (12).
3. a kind of simple glass automatic cleaning apparatus according to claim 2, is characterized in that, describedTravelling gear (10) is all arranged on gear shaft (13) above, described gear shaft (13) with reduction gearing (11)Be arranged in gear-box (9) by ball bearing (14).
4. a kind of simple glass automatic cleaning apparatus according to claim 1, is characterized in that, describedIt is upper that motor (8) and frame (4) are arranged on bracing frame (15), and described bracing frame (15) is positioned at instrument bezel (1)Below.
5. a kind of simple glass automatic cleaning apparatus according to claim 1, is characterized in that, describedGuide rail (3) is provided with the guide rail slide block (16) being slidably connected with guide rail (3), described guide rail slide block (16)Be provided with the rocking bar rotating shaft (17) hinged with rocking bar (5).
6. a kind of simple glass automatic cleaning apparatus according to claim 5, is characterized in that, describedGuide rail (3) and I shape guide rail.
7. a kind of simple glass automatic cleaning apparatus according to claim 5, is characterized in that, describedBetween guide rail (3) and guide rail slide block (16), be provided with lubricating oil (18).
8. a kind of simple glass automatic cleaning apparatus according to claim 1, is characterized in that, describedThe surface of rocking bar (5) be coated with for the spongy layer of glass (2) mantle friction.
9. a kind of simple glass automatic cleaning apparatus according to claim 1, is characterized in that, describedThe pivot angle of rocking bar (5) is 90 °.
10. a kind of simple glass automatic cleaning apparatus according to claim 1, is characterized in that, describedRocking bar (5) is respectively equipped with two with connecting rod (7), lays respectively at the both sides of glass (2), two connecting rods (7)Simultaneously hinged with crank (6), be respectively equipped with two in the both sides of instrument bezel (1) for sliding with rocking bar (5)The guide rail (3) connecting.
CN201521112813.6U 2015-12-28 2015-12-28 Simple and easy glass self -cleaning device CN205286235U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201521112813.6U CN205286235U (en) 2015-12-28 2015-12-28 Simple and easy glass self -cleaning device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201521112813.6U CN205286235U (en) 2015-12-28 2015-12-28 Simple and easy glass self -cleaning device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN205286235U true CN205286235U (en) 2016-06-08

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105433857A (en) * 2015-12-28 2016-03-30 上海电力学院 Simple and automatic glass cleaning device
CN106270226A (en) * 2016-08-30 2017-01-04 长春工业大学 Wheel cover of automobile rolling pressing edge covering machine people
CN107224159A (en) * 2017-06-29 2017-10-03 安徽工程大学 Lens device is washed and dressed suitable for public lavatory
CN110074715A (en) * 2019-04-01 2019-08-02 上海工程技术大学 A kind of purely mechanic translation window cleaning equipment structure
CN110689801A (en) * 2019-10-15 2020-01-14 南通理工学院 Automobile four-bar linkage principle teaching aid

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105433857A (en) * 2015-12-28 2016-03-30 上海电力学院 Simple and automatic glass cleaning device
CN106270226A (en) * 2016-08-30 2017-01-04 长春工业大学 Wheel cover of automobile rolling pressing edge covering machine people
CN106270226B (en) * 2016-08-30 2018-05-15 长春工业大学 Wheel cover of automobile rolling pressing edge covering machine people
CN107224159A (en) * 2017-06-29 2017-10-03 安徽工程大学 Lens device is washed and dressed suitable for public lavatory
CN110074715A (en) * 2019-04-01 2019-08-02 上海工程技术大学 A kind of purely mechanic translation window cleaning equipment structure
CN110689801A (en) * 2019-10-15 2020-01-14 南通理工学院 Automobile four-bar linkage principle teaching aid

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GR01 Patent grant
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20160608

Termination date: 20161228

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee