CN205259939U - Six arms top anchor rod drilling carriage - Google Patents

Six arms top anchor rod drilling carriage Download PDF

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Publication number
CN205259939U
CN205259939U CN201521103419.6U CN201521103419U CN205259939U CN 205259939 U CN205259939 U CN 205259939U CN 201521103419 U CN201521103419 U CN 201521103419U CN 205259939 U CN205259939 U CN 205259939U
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arm
drill
net
anchor pole
case
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蒲长晏
武利民
卢道林
韩非
刘芳
刘琦
张国忠
景志国
闫子龙
王明磊
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蒲长晏
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a six arms top anchor rod drilling carriage, including six bench top roofbolter, top roofbolter includes that fixed establishment, supporting mechanism, balladeur train, brill punch -out equipment construct, and fixed establishment includes base, riser and connecting seat, is equipped with the arch of fixed guide block on the riser, supporting mechanism and balladeur train pass through guide block and riser opposite flank sliding connections respectively, and its one end all is connected with the base through flexible hydro -cylinder, boring the punch -out equipment structure and including chassis, two independent brill case slides, the chassis is connected with the base, bores the case slide and can follow the chassis translation, when removing the balladeur train position, bores the case slide and can be connected and follow its slip with another guide surface of balladeur train. This six bench drills machine is installed on same lift platform, for the overall arrangement of " preceding four back two ", operation simultaneously, can realize to the roof strut the operation fast, still include transportation portion and lapping mechanism, compact structure, the function is various. The utility model discloses strut the transportation function with synchronous completion of the supporting operation of tunnelling apparatus, realize with digging same anchor.

Description

A kind of six arm top roofboltiers
Technical field
The utility model relates to support technology field under coal mine, particularly relates to a kind of six arm top anchor polesDrill carriage.
Background technology
The situation of China's coal-mine pick anchor imbalance is more serious, and support speed does not catch up with driving speed, becomesThe bottleneck of restriction Quick Driving Technology development. In tunnelling operation, the Homes Using TV of development machine only has30% left and right, remaining most of the time, supporting efficiency is low was to affect digging footage the most all for supportingPrincipal element.
At present, it is hand-held that the big-and-middle-sized mine bolt cable bolting of China operating type relies on artificial use mostlyFormula monomer roof-bolter and electric coal drill carry out operation, and monomer-type jumbolter tool degree is low, work strongDegree is large. Because hand-held monomer roof-bolter is by manual operation, the limitation of manpower itself causes anchor pole againCoupling mechanism force needs secondary fastening, has so both increased workload, has also taken a lot of time, and needsWant workman to become group job, therefore the inefficiency of monomer-type jumbolter.
As can be seen here, how to found the six new arm top anchors that a kind of supporting efficiency is high, labour intensity is lowBar drill car, real one of the current important research and development problem that belongs to.
Utility model content
The technical problems to be solved in the utility model is to provide that a kind of supporting efficiency is high, labour intensity is lowSix arm top roofboltiers, make it overcome the deficiency that existing roofboltier exists.
For solving the problems of the technologies described above, the utility model provides a kind of six arm top roofboltiers, comprises certainlyWalking mechanism, body portion, drill boom mechanism, controlling organization and electric and hydraulic system, described from walkingMechanism is positioned at the bottom of drill carriage, which is provided with body portion, and described drill boom mechanism arranges by hoistable platformIn described body portion, described controlling organization and electric and hydraulic system are used for controlling described drill carriage actionAnd for drill carriage provides power, described drill boom mechanism comprises six top jumbolters, described top jumbolterComprise fixed mechanism, supporting mechanism, balladeur train and brill draw box mechanism,
Described fixed mechanism comprises base, be fixed on the riser on base and be fixedly connected with riserConnection Block, described riser is provided with the projection for fixed guide piece, and described riser passes through Connection BlockBe connected with described hoistable platform;
Described supporting mechanism comprise guide rail, respectively the support telescopic oil cylinder that is connected with the two ends of guide rail andFagging, the other end of described support telescopic oil cylinder is fixed on described base, and described guide rail is by establishingThe guide pad being placed on riser is slidably connected with riser one side;
Described balladeur train is connected with described base by telescopic oil cylinder, and it comprises the first guide pass and secondGuide pass, described the first guide pass can be slided by being arranged at guide pad on riser and the opposite side of riserBe dynamically connected;
Described brill draw box mechanism comprises and bores case underframe, two independently along the brill case that bores case underframe transverse shiftingSlide and be arranged at respectively two borehole drilling case and anchorings of boring on case slide and bore casees, and drive and bore caseThe chain assembly that slide moves along described the second guide pass, described brill case underframe and described base are fixing to be connectedConnect, when described borehole drilling case or anchoring brill case move to described sledge position with its brill case slide, described inBoring case slide can be connected with the second guide pass of described balladeur train by guide pad, and total at described chainUnder the drive becoming, slide along the second guide pass.
Further improve, described top jumbolter also comprise be arranged at described base homonymy mechanical arm andAnchor pole storehouse,
Described mechanical arm comprises mechanical arm holder, mechanical arm guide rail and mechanical gripper, described mechanical armHolder is fixedly connected with described base, and described mechanical arm guide rail and mechanical arm holder are for rotatably connectingConnect, described mechanical gripper is slidably connected on described mechanical arm guide rail, and can be with described mechanical armGuide rail swings;
Described anchor pole storehouse comprises anchor pole storehouse rigid mount, chain drive assembly and clamp type anchor pole storing mechanism,Rigid mount bottom, described anchor pole storehouse is fixedly connected with described base, and rigid mount top, described anchor pole storehouse arrangesTwo groups of chain drive assemblies, described chain drive assembly is oblate structure, is all connected with quantity on itThe clamp type anchor pole storing mechanism identical, interval is equal, described clamp type anchor pole storing mechanism is describedUnder the drive of chain drive assembly, rotate, and described mechanical gripper and described chain drive assembly machinery connectionMoving.
Further improve, described drill boom mechanism also comprises drill boom plate, be located at advancing slip on described drill boom plateRail group and the aft ramp group that is located at described hoistable platform lower surface, before and after described six top jumbolters divideTwo rows arrange, and the spacing of front and back two Line boring machines is row's anchor pole spacing, described front-seat four top anchor polesRig is laterally in one line, is all connected two tops of described rear row with described front slide rail set by Connection BlockJumbolter laterally arranges, and is all connected with described aft ramp group by Connection Block.
Further improve, the spacing of the centre two bench drill machines of described front-seat four jumbolters is adjustable,Outside two bench drill machines can with slide rail respectively to drill carriage both sides stretch, and described outside two bench drill machines with described inSlide rail is rotatably connected, and by the angle of inclination of jumbolter described in telescopic oil cylinder capable of regulating.
Further improve, described six arm top roofboltiers also comprise storage net net feeding mechanism and holder net lapping machineStructure, described storage net net feeding mechanism is positioned at described drill carriage rear portion, is fixedly connected with described body portion; DescribedHolder net net laying mechanism is positioned at described drill carriage front portion, is fixedly connected with described drill boom plate;
Described storage net net feeding mechanism comprises and the vertical extension sleeve being fixedly connected with of body portion and telescopicCylinder vertical and be parallel to three grades of flexible balladeur trains of described drill carriage axial direction and with described flexible balladeur trainThe storage reticulum of perpendicular setting, described flexible balladeur train is by swing seat and oscillating oil cylinder and described telescopicCylinder top is connected;
Described holder net net laying mechanism comprises two hoist cylinders, holder net cage, carrier roller frame and carrying roller, described inParallel being fixedly mounted on described drill boom plate of outer sleeve of two hoist cylinders, described holder net cage and carrying rollerFrame is all fixedly installed on the expansion link of described hoist cylinder, can the lifting with the flexible of hoist cylinder,Described carrying roller is the rotating described carrier roller frame top that is arranged on all;
Described storage net net feeding mechanism can will be put in described storage reticulum by the flexible of three grades of flexible balladeur trainsNet volume is sent in described holder net cage.
Further improve, described carrying roller comprises fixing carrying roller and flexible carrying roller, and described flexible carrying roller can be toStretch described drill carriage both sides.
Further improve, supporting and location sight is installed in described gripper shoe, described supporting and location is taken aim atAccurate device comprises two relative clamping plate that can free-open-close, on the opposite flank of described two clamping plate, offersThere is symmetrical semicircle, when described two jaws close, can be formed for locating the circular hole of drilling rod.
Further improve, described six arm top roofboltiers also comprise transshipment acitivity, described transshipment acitivity edgeDescribed drill carriage vehicle body fore-and-aft direction arranges.
Further improve, described transshipment acitivity also comprises crushing roller.
Further improve, described controlling organization comprises laser range finder, sensor, counter and industry controlMachine, described industrial computer is connected with described laser range finder, sensor sum counter, and described industry controlMachine is also installed wireless or wired network adapter.
Adopt above-mentioned technical scheme, the utility model at least has the following advantages:
1, the utility model six arm top roofboltiers can be realized the mechanization of top suspension roof support operation, automaticallyChange, during with heading equipment supporting operation, the coal under heading equipment cut is being transported to bridge-type skin in timeWith on machine or shuttle car time, complete the automatic supporting operation of top anchor pole, realize with the same anchor of pick pick anchorParallel operations, thus drivage efficiency and digging footage greatly improved, effectively solve pick anchor imbalance contradiction.
2, in the utility model, controlling organization can be realized intelligent control to drill carriage walking and an array pitch, andAnd there is data acquisition, storage and transfer function. And can realize visualized operation, only need one man operation,Just can operate whole equipment, greatly reduce operating personnel, reduce labor intensity, improve supporting efficiencyAnd security.
3, the utility model six arm top roofboltier integrated models are reasonable, and good rigidly is walked freely reliable,Adapt to work under rugged environment, can realize China's coal-mine industrial security, efficient, do mechanization operationTarget, the abundant and perfect function of roofboltier.
Brief description of the drawings
Above-mentioned is only the general introduction of technical solutions of the utility model, new in order to better understand this practicalityThe technological means of type, does further in detail the utility model below in conjunction with accompanying drawing and detailed description of the inventionDescribe in detail bright.
Fig. 1 is the contraction state schematic perspective view of the utility model six arm top roofboltiers.
Fig. 2 is the duty schematic perspective view of the utility model six arm top roofboltiers.
Fig. 3 is the structural representation one of the utility model six arm top roofboltier body portions.
Fig. 4 is the structural representation two of the utility model six arm top roofboltier body portions.
Fig. 5 is the drill boom mechanism structure schematic diagram of the utility model six arm top roofboltiers.
Fig. 6 is the structural representation of the utility model jumbolter.
Fig. 7 is the supporting mechanism structural representation of the utility model jumbolter.
Fig. 8 is the brill box structure schematic diagram of the utility model jumbolter.
Fig. 9 is the mechanical arm structural representation of the utility model jumbolter.
Figure 10 is the anchor pole chamber structure schematic diagram of the utility model jumbolter.
Figure 11 is the storage net net feeding mechanism schematic diagram of the utility model six arm top roofboltiers.
Figure 12 is the holder net laying net structural scheme of mechanism of the utility model six arm top roofboltiers.
Detailed description of the invention
The six arm top roofboltiers that the utility model provides be a kind of can with the machine of heading equipment supporting operationTool suspension roof support equipment, when work immediately following after heading equipment, synchronously advanced top anchor pole fromMoving supporting operation, realizes with the same anchor of pick, the parallel operations of pick anchor, thereby greatly improve drivage efficiency andDigging footage.
With reference to shown in attached Fig. 1 and 2, the utility model six arm top roofboltiers, comprise automatic walking mechanism 7,Body portion 4, drill boom mechanism 2, controlling organization 6, storage net net feeding mechanism 5, transshipment acitivity 8, holder net layingNet mechanism 1 and electric and hydraulic system 3.
This automatic walking mechanism 7 is crawler type walking mechanism, is positioned at the bottom of this drill carriage, and it comprises tensionerOil cylinder, running motor and reductor. The tensioner journey of the stretching motion capable of regulating crawler belt by turgor cylinderDegree; Running motor drives reductor, drives crawler belt realize advancing of walking mechanism and retreat by sprocket wheel.This automatic walking mechanism 7 is controlled by controlling organization 6, can realize climbing capacity ± 15 degree, its speed of travelMatch with support speed and the heading equipment driving speed of drill carriage, realize the intelligence of walking and an array pitchChange and control.
Shown in accompanying drawing 3 and 4, body portion 4 is arranged at automatic walking mechanism 7 tops, comprises front-axle beam41, the back rest 42, mounting platform 43, linkage 44 and hoistable platform 45. Front-axle beam 41, the back rest 42Be fixedly connected with automatic walking mechanism 7, mounting platform 43 is fixedly connected with front and rear beam structure, hoistable platform45 are arranged on mounting platform 43 by linkage 44, at the work of the hoist cylinder of linkage 44With the lower oscilaltion that realizes hoistable platform 45.
Shown in accompanying drawing 5, drill boom mechanism 2 comprises drill boom plate 21, be located at advancing slip on drill boom plate 21Rail group, the aft ramp group 22 that is located at hoistable platform 45 lower surfaces and six top jumbolters are (from left-handThe right side is followed successively by rig 1 to No. 6), drill boom plate 21 is vertically fixedly installed on hoistable platform 45, sixBefore and after top jumbolter divides, two rows arrange, and the spacing of front and back two Line boring machines is row's anchor pole spacing. BeforeArrange four top jumbolters laterally in one line, be installed in the front slide rail set of drill boom plate 21 1 sides,Wherein, the spacing of middle two top jumbolters is adjustable; Two the top jumbolters in outside pass through slide railSlidably be connected with drill boom plate 21, two the top jumbolters in outside can be with slide rail respectively to drill carriage both sidesStretch. For further expanding the supporting scope of two the top jumbolters in outside, two, this outside top anchor poleRig is all rotatably connected with the slide rail section of stretching out, and can outwards roll by adjusting the flexible of telescopic oil cylinderTiltedly certain inclination angle. In the slide rail section of stretching out trails process, the spacing of two the top jumbolters in outside can beFive anchor pole horizontal spacings. Two top jumbolters of rear row are by arranging aft ramp group and upgrading platform 45Connect, and these two top jumbolters can, to the expansion of vehicle body both sides, reach three anchor pole horizontal strokes by slide railTo spacing.
In the time of drill carriage construction operation, the spacing of first front and back two being arranged to six bench drill machines is all made as an anchor pole horizontal strokeTo spacing, the six roots of sensation top anchor pole of simultaneously automatically constructing, drill carriage one-time positioning can complete six roots of sensation top automaticallyThe supporting construction of anchor pole.
Six jumbolters of the present utility model all adopt intelligent top jumbolter, and this intelligence top anchor pole boresMachine all adopts " two parallel-moving types, two independent casees that bore " mechanism, and mechanical arm and anchor pole storehouse equipment,The drilling efficiency that makes to hole is high, and anchor pole locking ability is strong, and can automatically locate, and has realized suspension roof support workThe mechanization of industry, automation. The hydraulic power of this intelligence top jumbolter need of work can be passed through liquidMoulding pipe is connected with the power pump station on drill carriage with corresponding valve piece, provides moving by the hydraulic power unit of drill carriagePower. The concrete structure of this intelligence top jumbolter is as follows:
Shown in accompanying drawing 6, this intelligence top jumbolter comprise supporting mechanism 221, fixed mechanism 222,Balladeur train 223, brill draw box mechanism 224, mechanical arm 225, anchor pole storehouse 226 and electrichydraulic control case 227.
Shown in accompanying drawing 7, this fixed mechanism 222 comprises base 2221 and is fixed on base 2221On riser 2222, and the Connection Block 228 being fixedly connected with riser 2222, the side of riser 2222Face is provided with projection 2223, and this projection 2223 is for fixed guide piece 2224, this Connection Block 228 forThis jumbolter is connected in front slide rail set.
This supporting mechanism 221 comprises guide rail 2211, support telescopic oil cylinder 2212, gripper shoe 2214 andSupporting and location sight 2213. Guide rail 2211 is the riser with fixed mechanism 222 by guide pad 22242222 one sides are connected. The two ends of support telescopic oil cylinder 2212 respectively with guide rail 2211, base 2221Be rigidly connected, can realize guide rail 2211 along riser 2222 sides by the flexible of support telescopic oil cylinder 2212The stretching motion that face slides. Gripper shoe 2214 is fixedly installed in the front end of guide rail 2211, on it, installsHave supporting and location sight 2213, this supporting and location sight 2213 comprises that two can relatively freely be openedWith closed clamping plate, on the opposite flank of these two clamping plate, offer symmetrical semicircle, these two foldersWhen plate closing, can form a circular hole, for locating drilling rod, play in boring procedure guiding and aim atEffect. In addition, be fixed with three conical bits 2215 on the lateral surface of gripper shoe 2214, they are three years oldThe distribution triangular in shape of individual conical bit 2215, for this jumbolter of supporting & stablizing.
Shown in accompanying drawing 8 and 9, this balladeur train 223 comprises the first guide pass 2231 and the second guide pass2232, this first guide pass 2231 passes through guiding with riser 2222 another sides of fixed mechanism 222Piece connects. One end of this balladeur train 223 is connected with base 2221 by telescopic oil cylinder 2233, passes throughThe flexible of telescopic oil cylinder 2233 can be realized the stretching motion of balladeur train 223 along riser 2222 side slip.
This brill case 224 adopts " two parallel-moving types are two independent " structural design, at the bottom of it comprises a brill caseFrame 2241 and two independently bore case slide 2242, and these two are bored on case slides 2242 correspondence respectively and establishPut borehole drilling case and anchoring and bore case, and include drill motor and water jacket on each brill case. At the bottom of this brill caseFrame 2241 is rigidly connected with rig substructure 2221, and boring case slide 2242 can be along boring case underframe 2241 horizontal strokesTo movement. In the time that one of them brill case slide 2242 moves to the position of aliging with balladeur train 223, this brillThe brill case of case slide 2242 correspondences is connected with the second guide pass 2232 of balladeur train by guide pad, soAfter under the driving of the chain assembly of telescopic oil cylinder and chain composition, this brill case can be along the of balladeur train 223Two guide pass slide up and down.
Shown in accompanying drawing 9, mechanical arm 225 comprise mechanical arm holder 2251, mechanical arm guide rail 2252,Mechanical gripper 2253. Mechanical arm holder 2251 is rigidly connected with the afterbody of rig substructure 2221, machineTool arm guide rail 2252 is with mechanical arm holder 2251 for pin is connected, and mechanical arm guide rail 2252 can be around machineThe hole axle of tool arm holder 2251 rotates to an angle; Mechanical gripper 2253 is slidably connected to machineOn tool arm guide rail 2252, mechanical gripper 2253 can be free to slide and with leading along mechanical arm guide rail 2252Rail 2252 swings certain angle.
Shown in accompanying drawing 10, anchor pole storehouse 226 comprises anchor pole storehouse rigid mount 2261, chain drive assembly2262, clamp type anchor pole storing mechanism 2263. Anchor pole storehouse 226 is positioned at base 2221 with mechanical arm 225The same side, base 2221 afterbodys of rigid mount 2261 bottoms, anchor pole storehouse and rig are rigidly connected, canRealize multi-faceted anchoring support operation with rig. It is firm that chain drive assembly 2262 is arranged at described anchor pole storehouseProperty frame 2261 tops, be oblate chain drive assembly, be divided into upper and lower two groups, in each group all connectThere is the clamp type anchor pole storing mechanism 2263 that quantity is identical, interval is equal. This clamp type anchor pole memory machineStructure 2263 rotates along with the rotation of chain drive assembly 2262, and mechanical arm 225 passes with this chainMoving assembly 2262 mechanical linkages. This anchor pole storehouse have volume little, store the feature that anchor pole quantity is many.
This electrichydraulic control case 227 is integration module unit, is fixedly installed in fixed mechanism riser 2222Side, is mainly made up of housing, magnetic valve, control circuit module etc., directly controls rig and carries out certainlyMoving anchor bores supporting operation.
The concrete anchoring operation process of this intelligent anchor rod rig is as follows:
(1) this jumbolter is moved to behind position in the effect of hoistable platform 45, and supporting mechanism 221 existsUnder the effect of support telescopic oil cylinder 2212, stretch out roof supporting;
(2) the brill case slide corresponding with borehole drilling case 2242 moved to balladeur train along boring case underframe 2241The second guide pass 2232 places of 223, this borehole drilling case is connected with the second guide pass 2232 by guide padConnect, under the driving of chain assembly, this borehole drilling case moves up along the second guide pass 2232, this brillThe hollow drill pipe of installing on hole drill case carries out wet boring operation under the driving of hydraulic motor, then is pushing awayUnder the effect of oil-feed cylinder 2233, complete the bore operation of hollow drill pipe;
(3) after boring, borehole drilling case is return original position, bores with anchoring the brill case slide 2242 that case is correspondingThe second guide pass 2232 places that move to balladeur train 223 along brill case base 2241, this anchoring is bored case and is passed throughGuide pad is connected with the second guide pass 2232, and now mechanical gripper 2253 rotates, this mechanical gripper(resin explosive roll is fixedly installed in anchor pole to the novel assembled bolt of installing in 2253 anchor pole storehouses 226 in advanceTop) capture and deliver to anchoring and bore on the anchor of case. At chain assembly and propelling cylinder 2233Under effect, anchoring bore case together with anchor pole, mechanical gripper 2253 to top board advance, until anchor pole recognize intoBehind coal hole, anchoring is bored case and is continued to promote anchor pole to the end, and now supporting and location sight 2213 is opened, anchorAdmittedly bore case, anchor pole is carried out to anchoring operation, after anchoring completes, anchoring is bored case and is return original position, and sight closesUpper, complete the supporting of an anchor pole. Mechanical arm 225 swings back original position simultaneously, with mechanical gripper 2253Moving anchor pole storehouse 226 puts next root anchor pole transmission in place.
Six intelligent top jumbolters that this drill carriage comprises all, with anchor pole storehouse independently separately, can store upDeposit many anchor poles, ensure the construction of many rows top anchor pole.
Transshipment acitivity 8 is along this drill carriage vehicle body fore-and-aft direction setting and be positioned at centre position, before transhipmentThe material that method, apparatus transports; It comprises hopper, transport chute, scraper plate, scraper plate chain, power source(motor or motor), spillplate etc. The material that before hopper receives, method, apparatus transports, by being positioned atMotor or the motor driving sprocket wheel of transport chute afterbody, sprocket wheel drives scraper plate chain and scraper plate, materialBe transported to next conveying equipment. The transport capacity of transport chute is strong, can meet heading equipment operation timeTransportation demand. This transshipment acitivity 8 also comprises crushing roller, and this crushing roller is positioned at hopper and transport is slippedGroove transition position carries out fragmentation to bulk materials under the driving of low-speed big torque motor, prevents that it from smashingConveying equipment.
Controlling organization 6 mainly comprises driver's cabin, electric cabinet, remote controller, industrial computer, sensor, surveyApart from instrument, counter, transmitter etc. This industrial computer (containing display) is realized visual man-machine interactionInterface, can monitor and record the ruuning situation of each equipment of development end, can realize fault alarm, aobviousShow and self-diagnostic function; The call parameter of Real-time Collection storage roofboltier work (as odd-numbered day drilling depth,Odd-numbered day support anchor rod quantity, single anchor pole state parameter), according to Anchor Care parameter is provided, be convenient to analyze topThe stability of plate. Industrial computer is also installed wireless or wired network adapter, can be real with downhole data exchange networkExisting exchanges data, can grasp face condition by real time remote thereby realize driving face remote monitoring,Realize positioning function under equipment raise, as the bilateral symmetry of the front and rear in body portion 4 arranges 4 simultaneouslyPlatform laser range finder, industrial computer is by collection, comparison to 4 laser range finder measurement data, energyAccurately control drill carriage in centre position, tunnel or utilize laneway midline to position. Operating personnelJust can operate whole bench drill car, can see car load and four by the display screen in controlling organization 6Whether the parameters of drill boom is normal.
Shown in accompanying drawing 11, storage net net feeding mechanism 5 comprise extension sleeve 51, one-level slide 52,Secondary balladeur train 53, storage reticulum 55 and swing seat 54. The upper end of swing seat 54 and extension sleeve 51Employing axle connects, and under the effect of oscillating oil cylinder, can make whole balladeur train seat certain angle that tilts to the back lower placeDegree, facilitates workman to fill net volume on storage reticulum 55. One-level slide 52 can slide in swing seat 54,Secondary balladeur train slides on one-level slide, the duplication acceleration mechanism that storage reticulum 55 consists of chain and oil cylinder withSecondary balladeur train 53 is connected, can on secondary balladeur train 53, slide, swing seat 54, one-level slide 52,Secondary balladeur train 53 and three grades of flexible slide block mechanisms of storage reticulum 55 common formations, for storing up reticulum 55Net volume send in holder net net laying mechanism 1. This storage net net feeding mechanism 5 is flexible by extension sleeve 51Realize the lifting action of storage net net feeding mechanism.
Shown in accompanying drawing 12, holder net net laying mechanism 1 comprise two hoist cylinders 11, holder net cage 12,Carrier roller frame 14 and carrying roller 13. The outer sleeve of two hoist cylinders 11 is fixedly mounted on respectively drill boom plate 21On. Holder net cage 12 and carrier roller frame 14 are all fixedly installed on the expansion link of hoist cylinder 11, can be with literThe flexible of oil cylinder falls and lifting. Carrying roller 13 comprises fixing carrying roller and flexible carrying roller, and wherein flexible carrying roller canTrail to drill carriage both sides, fixing carrying roller all adopts axle to be connected realization with carrier roller frame 14 with flexible carrying roller canRotating function makes net sheet fit with top board in lapping process. Holder net cage 12 is held netVolume, the net sheet of one end of net volume and top board connects, and hoist cylinder 11 rises with carrying roller 13 is past,Net sheet and top board are fitted, and drill carriage traveling process can be realized the net work of automatic paving top.
In this holder net net laying mechanism 1, have in a carrying roller counter is housed in addition, can Measurement accuracy drill carriageThe speed of travel and travel distance utilize the position of anchor driving machine to revise simultaneously.
Fire-proof motor in electric and hydraulic system 3 is connected with hydraulic oil pump, and fire-proof motor starts and is withThe running of hydrodynamic pressure oil pump, for drill carriage provides power; Electrical system is mainly by mine anti-explosion ammeter, collieryWith light rubber jacketed flexible cable, anti-explosion terminal box, mining voice light optical signal device, intrinsic safety electroThe compositions such as magnetic actuator and mining illuminating lamp, cable coiling device, electrical system is connected with extraneous power supply, is pumpThe part of standing provides power, is the power center of this drill carriage. Hydraulic system include fuel tank, hydraulic oil pump,Motor, hydraulic jack, balanced valve, oil pipe seat, joint, fluid pressure line, water pipe and cooler andBe positioned at control valve on fluid pressure line etc. Fuel tank is arranged on mounting platform, fluid pressure line respectively with fromThe executing agency that walking mechanism, top anchor pole intelligence rig etc. complete corresponding actions connects, and drill carriage passes through liquidPressure pipe road obtains power from pump station part, then by fluid pressure line, power is delivered to executing agency,The action such as the control valve corresponding with executing agency coordinated walking, drill.
It is the Specific construction anchor pole process of these intelligence six arm top roofboltiers below: first controlling organization 64 laser range finders that front and rear portions bilateral symmetry by body portion 4 arranges, position sensor,The sensors such as ultrasonic wave Infrared Detectors carry out collection and the comparison of data, utilize laneway midline to determinePosition, accurately controls drill carriage in centre position, tunnel, utilizes the position of anchor driving machine to revise simultaneously. ReallyAfter recognizing drill carriage and moving into place, hoistable platform 45 rises. The swing seat 54 of storage net net feeding mechanism 5 is at oilThe certain angle that recedes under the effect of cylinder facilitates the upper dress of workman net volume. Swing seat 54 sets back and balances,Extension sleeve 51 stretches out to the end under hoist cylinder effect, then stores up reticulum 55 and holds net volume in one-levelStretching out under effect of slide 52 and secondary balladeur train 53 is pushed to drill carriage foremost. Storage net net feeding mechanism 5After net volume is overlapped automatically, net volume stores in holder net cage 12, and carrying roller 13 is at hoist cylinder 11Effect under rise and trail, until hold anchor net and top board fits. Two intelligence in last outsideTop jumbolter 22 stretches and moves into place to drill carriage both sides under the drive of slide rail, and every intelligent anchor rod boresThe spacing of machine is an anchor pole horizontal spacing. After moving into place, six top roof-bolter operations simultaneously,Supporting mechanism stretches out and supports top board under the effect of telescopic oil cylinder, after the translation of borehole drilling case puts in place one,Under secondary propelling cylinder and drill motor effect, carry out bore operation. Hole complete, anchoring is bored case and is movedPut in place, mechanical arm driving mechanical handgrip rotates, and mechanical gripper captures the novel assembled bolt in anchor pole storehouseDelivering to anchoring bores on the anchor of case. Under the effect of I and II propelling cylinder, anchoring bore case withAnchor pole, mechanical gripper advance together, unclamp and swing back original position, simultaneously and machine until anchor pole is recognized after coal inlet holeThe anchor pole storehouse of tool handgrip interlock puts next root anchor pole transmission in place. Anchoring is bored case and is continued to promote anchor pole to the end,Supporting and location is opened, and anchoring is bored case anchor pole is carried out to anchoring operation. After anchoring completes, bore case and return formerPosition, supporting and location closes, and supports and regains, and completes the supporting of two row's six roots of sensation anchor poles. Prop up carrying out anchor poleWhen protecting operation, transshipment acitivity is carrying out fragmentation and the transmission work of material always. Controlling organization is logicalCross laser range finder, position sensor, the sensors such as ultrasonic wave Infrared Detectors carry out the collection of dataAnd relatively, accurately control drill carriage in centre position, tunnel, Based Intelligent Control drill carriage moves forward an array pitch,In moving process, automatically complete lapping operation.
The utility model six arm top roofboltiers have six intelligent top jumbolters, are arranged on same literFalling on platform, is the distribution form that arranges of " front four rear two ", and the operations simultaneously of six bench drill machines, can realizeTo the quick supporting operation of top board, compact conformation, diverse in function. And this intelligence top jumbolter canRealizing the functions such as automatic location, automatic drilling, Auto-mounting anchor pole, automatic locking, is to realize topThe mechanization special equipment of the fast automatic anchoring support operation of plate, makes support speed and driving speed phaseCoupling, effectively solves and digs anchor imbalance contradiction, promotes coal production safety, efficient and sound development, forThe development of speedy drivage system provides advantage.
The utility model six arm top roofboltier set material transfer, fragmentation, the automatic supporting of anchor pole,The functions such as automatic lapping, are applicable to the heading equipments such as supporting anchor driving machine, full section fully-mechanized digging machine, Lian CaijiCarry out top suspension roof support operation, when work, immediately following synchronously advancing after heading equipment, driving is being establishedWhen coal under standby cut is transported on bridge-type belt feeder or shuttle car in time, complete the automatic of top anchor poleSupporting operation, realizes with the same anchor of pick, the parallel operations of pick anchor, thus greatly improve drivage efficiency and pickDrilling depth, effectively solves and digs anchor imbalance contradiction, promotes coal production safety, efficient and sound development.
The utility model can be realized Automatic Control, and power section is that fire-proof motor drives hydraulic oil pumpTo system feed flow, by each element control mechanical part executive component of hydraulic system, simple to operate,Failure rate is low, easy to maintenance. And this drill carriage has working environment perception, detection, warning, aobviousShow and the functions such as self diagnosis, as the personnel that approach equipment, roof fall, wall caving etc. are carried out to perception, warning.The electrical system of this drill carriage has explosion prevention function, composition electrical system element have certification of conformity of an instrument for explosive atmosphere andCoal peace card, guarantee drill carriage operating personnel's under running status safety.
The utility model modern design, structure uniqueness, diverse in function, collect automatically location, automatic drilling,The functions such as Auto-mounting anchor pole, automatic locking, in one, have realized the automation of suspension roof support operation,Can greatly reduce operating personnel, reduce labor intensity, improve supporting efficiency and security, be quick pickEnter the development of technology and apply advantage is provided.
The above, be only preferred embodiment of the present utility model, not the utility model doneAny pro forma restriction, those skilled in the art utilize the technology contents of above-mentioned announcement to make a little letterSingle amendment, equivalent variations or modification, all drop in protection domain of the present utility model.

Claims (10)

1. six arm top roofboltiers, comprise automatic walking mechanism, body portion, drill boom mechanism, controlMechanism and electric and hydraulic system, described automatic walking mechanism is positioned at the bottom of drill carriage, which is provided with bodyPortion, described drill boom mechanism is arranged in described body portion by hoistable platform, described controlling organization and electricityGas and hydraulic system are used for controlling described drill carriage action and for drill carriage provides power, it is characterized in that instituteState drill boom mechanism and comprise six top jumbolters, described top jumbolter comprises fixed mechanism, support machineStructure, balladeur train and brill draw box mechanism,
Described fixed mechanism comprises base, be fixed on the riser on base and be fixedly connected with riserConnection Block, described riser is provided with the projection for fixed guide piece, and described riser passes through Connection BlockBe connected with described hoistable platform;
Described supporting mechanism comprise guide rail, respectively the support telescopic oil cylinder that is connected with the two ends of guide rail andFagging, the other end of described support telescopic oil cylinder is fixed on described base, and described guide rail is by establishingThe guide pad being placed on riser is slidably connected with riser one side;
Described balladeur train is connected with described base by telescopic oil cylinder, and it comprises the first guide pass and secondGuide pass, described the first guide pass can be slided by being arranged at guide pad on riser and the opposite side of riserBe dynamically connected;
Described brill draw box mechanism comprises and bores case underframe, two independently along the brill case that bores case underframe transverse shiftingSlide and be arranged at respectively two borehole drilling case and anchorings of boring on case slide and bore casees, and drive and bore caseThe chain assembly that slide moves along described the second guide pass, described brill case underframe and described base are fixing to be connectedConnect, when described borehole drilling case or anchoring brill case move to described sledge position with its brill case slide, described inBoring case slide can be connected with the second guide pass of described balladeur train by guide pad, and total at described chainUnder the drive becoming, slide along the second guide pass.
2. six arm top roofboltiers according to claim 1, is characterized in that described top anchor poleRig also comprises the mechanical arm and the anchor pole storehouse that are arranged at described base homonymy,
Described mechanical arm comprises mechanical arm holder, mechanical arm guide rail and mechanical gripper, described mechanical armHolder is fixedly connected with described base, and described mechanical arm guide rail and mechanical arm holder are for rotatably connectingConnect, described mechanical gripper is slidably connected on described mechanical arm guide rail, and can be with described mechanical armGuide rail swings;
Described anchor pole storehouse comprises anchor pole storehouse rigid mount, chain drive assembly and clamp type anchor pole storing mechanism,Rigid mount bottom, described anchor pole storehouse is fixedly connected with described base, and rigid mount top, described anchor pole storehouse arrangesTwo groups of chain drive assemblies, described chain drive assembly is oblate structure, is all connected with quantity on itThe clamp type anchor pole storing mechanism identical, interval is equal, described clamp type anchor pole storing mechanism is describedUnder the drive of chain drive assembly, rotate, and described mechanical gripper and described chain drive assembly machinery connectionMoving.
3. six arm top roofboltiers according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described drill boom machineStructure also comprises drill boom plate, is located at the front slide rail set on described drill boom plate and is located at described hoistable platform following tableThe aft ramp group of face, before and after described six top jumbolters divide, two rows arrange, and front and back two Line boring machinesSpacing is row's anchor pole spacing, and described front-seat four top jumbolters are laterally in one line, all by connectingJoint chair is connected with described front slide rail set, and two top jumbolters of described rear row laterally arrange, all by connectingJoint chair is connected with described aft ramp group.
4. six arm top roofboltiers according to claim 3, is characterized in that: described front-seat fourThe spacing of the centre two bench drill machines of platform jumbolter is adjustable, outside two bench drill machines can with slide rail respectively toStretch drill carriage both sides, and described outside two bench drill machines and described slide rail be rotatably connected, and by stretchingThe angle of inclination of jumbolter described in oil cylinder capable of regulating.
5. six arm top roofboltiers according to claim 3, is characterized in that, described six arm topsRoofboltier also comprises storage net net feeding mechanism and holder net net laying mechanism, and described storage net net feeding mechanism is positioned at instituteState drill carriage rear portion, be fixedly connected with described body portion; Described holder net net laying mechanism is positioned at before described drill carriagePortion, is fixedly connected with described drill boom plate;
Described storage net net feeding mechanism comprises and the vertical extension sleeve being fixedly connected with of body portion and telescopicCylinder vertical and be parallel to three grades of flexible balladeur trains of described drill carriage axial direction and with described flexible balladeur trainThe storage reticulum of perpendicular setting, described flexible balladeur train is by swing seat and oscillating oil cylinder and described telescopicCylinder top is connected;
Described holder net net laying mechanism comprises two hoist cylinders, holder net cage, carrier roller frame and carrying roller, described inParallel being fixedly mounted on described drill boom plate of outer sleeve of two hoist cylinders, described holder net cage and carrying rollerFrame is all fixedly installed on the expansion link of described hoist cylinder, can the lifting with the flexible of hoist cylinder,Described carrying roller is the rotating described carrier roller frame top that is arranged on all;
Described storage net net feeding mechanism can will be put in described storage reticulum by the flexible of three grades of flexible balladeur trainsNet volume is sent in described holder net cage.
6. six arm top roofboltiers according to claim 5, is characterized in that described carrying roller bagDraw together fixing carrying roller and flexible carrying roller, described flexible carrying roller can stretch to described drill carriage both sides.
7. six arm top roofboltiers according to claim 1, is characterized in that described gripper shoeOn supporting and location sight is installed, described supporting and location sight comprises two relative can freely openingThe clamping plate that close, offer symmetrical semicircle on the opposite flank of described two clamping plate, described two clamping plateWhen closed, can be formed for locating the circular hole of drilling rod.
8. six arm top roofboltiers according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described six arm topsRoofboltier also comprises transshipment acitivity, and described transshipment acitivity arranges along described drill carriage vehicle body fore-and-aft direction.
9. six arm top roofboltiers according to claim 8, is characterized in that: described conveyanceStructure also comprises crushing roller.
10. six arm top roofboltiers according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described controlMechanism comprises laser range finder, sensor, counter and industrial computer, described industrial computer and described laserRangefinder, sensor sum counter are connected, and described industrial computer is also installed wireless or wired network adapter.
CN201521103419.6U 2015-12-24 2015-12-24 Six arms top anchor rod drilling carriage Active CN205259939U (en)

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107654190A (en) * 2017-11-06 2018-02-02 廊坊景隆重工机械有限公司 A kind of mining six arms anchor shaft anchor cable drill carriage
CN108915585A (en) * 2018-07-13 2018-11-30 刘冲 A kind of six arm top roofboltiers
CN109098741A (en) * 2018-07-13 2018-12-28 中国煤炭科工集团太原研究院有限公司 A kind of intelligent anchor rod drilling machine is from movable plate net laying net device
CN109595022A (en) * 2018-11-30 2019-04-09 大同煤矿集团有限责任公司 13 arm digging and anchoring integrated machine driving system of stope of coal mines tunnel
WO2019085819A1 (en) * 2017-11-06 2019-05-09 廊坊景隆重工机械有限公司 Process and device for supporting anchor bolt and anchor cable on successive mining working face
CN111396041A (en) * 2020-05-20 2020-07-10 无锡华瀚能源装备科技有限公司 Control system and method for one-key expansion and retraction of driving and anchoring machine

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107654190A (en) * 2017-11-06 2018-02-02 廊坊景隆重工机械有限公司 A kind of mining six arms anchor shaft anchor cable drill carriage
WO2019085819A1 (en) * 2017-11-06 2019-05-09 廊坊景隆重工机械有限公司 Process and device for supporting anchor bolt and anchor cable on successive mining working face
CN108915585A (en) * 2018-07-13 2018-11-30 刘冲 A kind of six arm top roofboltiers
CN109098741A (en) * 2018-07-13 2018-12-28 中国煤炭科工集团太原研究院有限公司 A kind of intelligent anchor rod drilling machine is from movable plate net laying net device
CN109595022A (en) * 2018-11-30 2019-04-09 大同煤矿集团有限责任公司 13 arm digging and anchoring integrated machine driving system of stope of coal mines tunnel
CN111396041A (en) * 2020-05-20 2020-07-10 无锡华瀚能源装备科技有限公司 Control system and method for one-key expansion and retraction of driving and anchoring machine

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