CN205257488U - Cereal gathering machine - Google Patents

Cereal gathering machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN205257488U
CN205257488U CN201620000504.8U CN201620000504U CN205257488U CN 205257488 U CN205257488 U CN 205257488U CN 201620000504 U CN201620000504 U CN 201620000504U CN 205257488 U CN205257488 U CN 205257488U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
chamber
cereal
screen
air
negative pressure
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201620000504.8U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
胡克仁
胡凡山
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胡克仁
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Priority to CN201620000504.8U priority Critical patent/CN205257488U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN205257488U publication Critical patent/CN205257488U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The utility model provides a cereal gathering machine, is including collecting the millet bucket, and the screen will collect millet barrel inner cavity and separate into negative pressure cavity and ji gu chamber, receive power drive's the brush mechanism of scraping to reciprocate to clear up the screen sifter, mechanism's intercommunication negative pressure cavity induced drafts to it carries out the negative pressure to the ji gu chamber and induced drafts to see through the screen, the millet mouth is inhaled to ji gu chamber front end intercommunication, and cereal gets into collection millet intracavity, the airtight intercommunication spiral screw feeder lifting mechanism pan feeding mouth in jigu chamber lower part along with the air current that induced drafts from inhaling the millet mouth, apron swing joint is at the discharge gate of spiral screw feeder lifting mechanism to receive the airtight discharge gate of self action of gravity. This technical scheme can eliminate in the cereal phenomenon that impurity blockked up the sieve mesh, makes airflow channel ad initio keep unobstructed, and cereal is collected fastly, efficient, and the living load is light, the energy consumption is low.

Description

A kind of cereal gathering machine
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of equipment that uses pneumatic means to carry out material collection, packaging, specifically relate to oneCereal gathering machine.
Background technology
Along with the development of intensive agriculture, apply to collection, the pack of the cereal such as paddy, wheat, corn, jowar, soybeanEquipment has had new development and progress, and the patent documentation that publication number is CN204453878U discloses a kind of harvester, comprises machineFrame, engine, air blast, tube connector, engine is connected with air blast, and blower is characterized in that, installation material in frameMaterial pipe, one end of materail tube is connected with suction valley head by flexible pipe, and the other end of materail tube is connected with air blast by tube connector; ThingBottom surface, the middle part opening of material pipe is connected with material-falling hopper, and the rear end of opening arranges filter screen, and changeover valve is installed in the outlet of material-falling hopper, revolvesIn rotary valve door, be provided with power transmission shaft, roller and stirring vane, stirring vane and roller are fixed together, and are arranged on power transmission shaft transmissionAxle is connected with engine by driving-belt. Harvester in this technical scheme, engine blower, paddy is inhaled from inhaling valley headEnter in materail tube, be subject to the interception of filter screen, paddy is fallen into material-falling hopper and is entered in changeover valve, under the promotion of stirring vane, in rotationValve export pack, can reduce people's labour intensity greatly, significantly improves operating efficiency. But this technical scheme remainsMain deficiency be to carry out cereal to collect when operation, the slightly long impurity being mingled with in cereal, as the slightly sheet such as bar stem, grass bits, pod shellImpurity, because cannot constantly adsorbing accumulation by screen meshes in filter screen one side with air-flow, impurity can stop up sieve aperture increases air draughtResistance, airflow drops, cereal collection efficiency reduces, and living load increases; In much more slightly situations of impurity, can lead to by stifled disconnected whole air-flowRoad, makes cereal collect operation and cannot proceed and end.
Summary of the invention
In order to solve the problems of the technologies described above, the invention provides a kind of cereal gathering machine, can eliminate impurity blocking screen in cerealThe phenomenon in hole, gas channel ad initio keeps clear, and cereal gathering speed is fast, efficiency is high, and living load is light, energy consumption is low.
The technical solution used in the present invention is: a kind of cereal gathering machine, comprise grain collecting barrel, and screen is separated grain collecting barrel inner chamberBecome negative pressure cavity and Ji Gu chamber, be subject to power-actuated wiper mechanism back and forth to clear up screen compass screen surface; Air suction mechanism is communicated with negative pressure cavity, and thoroughlySieves carries out negative-pressure air-suction to Ji Gu chamber; Ji Gu chamber front end is communicated with inhales paddy mouth, and cereal enters collection with air draught air-flow from inhaling paddy mouthIn paddy chamber, bottom, Ji Gu chamber airtight connection spiral-poker lifter feeding mouth; Cover plate is movably connected in spiral-poker lifterDischarging opening, and be subject to the airtight discharging opening of self gravitation effect.
Air suction mechanism start after in grain collecting barrel inner chamber, form negative pressure, due to cover plate be subject to self gravitation effect airtight spiralThe discharging opening of screw feeder lifter, outside air can only enter in grain collecting barrel from inhaling paddy mouth, inhales near the cereal of paddy mouth and can be inhaledGeneral mood stream is brought in Ji Gu chamber, and falls into the spiral-poker lifter feeding mouth of bottom, Ji Gu chamber, carries through spiral-poker lifterBe raised to discharging opening place, push removable cover open and fall in packaging bag; Shred impurity in cereal can with air-flow see through screen sieve aperture byOutside air suction mechanism discharge machine, thick sheet impurity cannot see through screen sieve aperture and be attracted to screen compass screen surface, is subject to power-actuated wiperMechanism is cleaning screen compass screen surface back and forth, by thick sheet impurity from screen compass screen surface scrape from, ensure that screen sieve aperture is not blocked, make air-flow logicalIt is unobstructed that road remains, cereal gathering speed is fast, efficiency is high.
Above-mentioned screen is sieve bend, and wiper mechanism comprises the brushing piece being arranged in rotating shaft, and power drive rotating shaft makes brushing piece pairSieve bend compass screen surface carries out wiper repeatedly, in time the impurity that is adsorbed on sieve bend compass screen surface is scraped from; Further improvement project is, movingPower drive shaft is made circular arc and (is less than 360o) reciprocally swinging, drive brushing piece to carry out back and forth back and forth wiper to sieve bend compass screen surface, to inhalingThe impurity that is attached to compass screen surface is scraped from cleaning effect meeting better, more thorough.
Above-mentioned cover plate comprises rubber substrate, and substrate outside is between the upper and lower every fixing some heavy sheets. Cover plate adopts rubber-like softMaterial, as substrate, contributes to cover plate for the better airtight effect of spiral-poker lifter discharging opening performance, prevents extraneous emptyGas enters in grain collecting barrel through spiral-poker lifter suck-back from discharging opening, ensures that there are enough air draught abilities at front end suction paddy mouth place; InstituteState heavy sheet and refer to the plates that density is larger, as iron plate, copper sheet, tin sheet, lead flake etc., the heavy sector-meeting that is fixed on substrate outside existsUnder the effect of self gravitation, press volt on discharging opening rubber substrate, make close for spiral-poker lifter discharging opening of cover plateThe effect of closing is better; Some heavy sheets are fixed on substrate outside in the mode at upper and lower interval, and spiral-poker lifter non-full load onlyHave a small amount of cereal from the situation of discharging opening discharge, cereal only can promote cover plate bottom and outwards turn down to discharge cereal, on cover platePortion still presses down volt on discharging opening in self gravitation effect, can not produce obvious space between cover plate and discharging opening, can avoidA large amount of outside airs enter the phenomenon generation that enters grain collecting barrel inner chamber through spiral-poker lifter suck-back from discharging opening space, thereby protectThe air draught effect at card suction paddy mouth place is basicly stable.
The negative pressure cavity of the inlet scoop connected set paddy barrel cavity of above-mentioned air suction mechanism, air outlet is communicated with dust arrester. With air-flowDust, the grass bits that see through arc screen sieve aperture from air outlet enters dust arrester, be trapped and and flow separation, after dedustingAir-flow again by outside dust arrester discharge machine, can avoid that operation field dust flies upward, stuffy phenomenon; Dust arrester canAdopt known multiple deduster, as common cyclone separating deduster.
The technological progress that the present invention has with respect to known technology has: the one, be subject to power-actuated wiper machine by settingStructure is back and forth cleared up screen compass screen surface, and screen sieve aperture can not stopped up by impurity, and it is unobstructed that gas channel remains, inhales paddy mouth place and entersGeneral mood stream is strong, and cereal gathering speed is fast, efficiency is high; The 2nd, change in known technology and used changeover valve to stop outside airEnter the technical scheme of grain collecting barrel inner chamber (materail tube) from discharging opening suck-back, but adopt the airtight discharging opening of removable cover, stopOutside air enters grain collecting barrel inner chamber from discharging opening suck-back. Its benefit is to reduce the height of cereal gas lift, and prime is through gasStream promotes cereal and promotes cereal with respect to rear class through spiral-poker lifter, and big energy-consuming efficiency is low, by cancelling rotary valveDoor, just can reduce the necessary height that primary airstream promotes effectively, reduces the energy consumption of equipment, reduces power demand, operating efficiencyHigher; The 3rd, be provided with in rubber substrate outside between the upper and lower every the removable cover of fixing some heavy sheets, can prevent well the external worldAir enters in grain collecting barrel through spiral-poker lifter suck-back from discharging opening, ensures to inhale paddy mouth place and has good air draught effect. EspeciallyIt is cover plate from top to bottom segmentation outwards turn down, realize bottom turnover opening row paddy, top still keeps the airtight air that preventsThe characteristic of suck-back, has solved preferably spiral-poker lifter undercapacity and has promoted when cereal, more outside air easily from cover plate withSpace suck-back between discharging opening enters grain collecting barrel inner chamber, the technical barrier that causes the air draught effect of inhaling paddy mouth place to decline to a great extent.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the first embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of the second embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is the cutaway view of middle grain collecting barrel embodiment illustrated in fig. 2.
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of cover plate embodiment illustrated in fig. 2.
Fig. 5 is the work schematic diagram of cover plate embodiment illustrated in fig. 2.
Fig. 6 is the structural representation of the third embodiment of the present invention.
Detailed description of the invention
Below, by reference to the accompanying drawings the specific embodiment of the present invention is described further.
Fig. 1 shows the first cereal gathering machine embodiment, comprises grain collecting barrel 1, and screen 2 is separated into grain collecting barrel 1 inner chamberNegative pressure cavity 11 and Ji Gu chamber 12, be subject to back and forth cleaning screen 2 compass screen surfaces of power-actuated wiper mechanism 3; Air suction mechanism is communicated with negative pressure cavity11, and through screen 2, negative-pressure air-suction is carried out in Ji Gu chamber 12; Ji Gu chamber 12 front ends are communicated with inhales paddy mouths 4, cereal with air draught air-flow fromInhale paddy mouth 4 and enter in Ji Gu chamber 12, Ji Gu chamber 12 bottom airtight connection spiral-poker lifter 5 feeding mouths 51; Cover plate 6 is movable to be connectedBe connected on the discharging opening 52 of spiral-poker lifter 5, and be subject to the airtight discharging opening 52 of self gravitation effect.
Air suction mechanism forms negative pressure, because cover plate 6 is subject to self gravitation effect airtight after starting in grain collecting barrel 1 inner chamberThe discharging opening 52 of spiral-poker lifter 5, outside air can only enter grain collecting barrel 1 inner chamber from inhaling paddy mouth 4, inhales near paddy mouth 4Cereal can be brought in Ji Gu chamber 12 by air draught air-flow, and fall into spiral-poker lifter 5 feeding mouths 51 of 12 bottoms, Ji Gu chamber,Rise to discharging opening 52 places through spiral-poker lifter 5, push removable cover 6 open and fall in packaging bag; Screen 2 is horizontal screen, scrapesBrush mechanism 3 is subject to power drive to do straight reciprocating motion, brushing piece is carried out back and forth cleaning to screen 2 compass screen surfaces and scraped from impurity, makes screen 2Sieve aperture is not stopped up by impurity all the time, keeps good ventilative property, and it is unobstructed that gas channel remains, cereal gathering speed is fast, effectRate is high, can apply to the collection pack operation of the cereal such as paddy, wheat, corn, jowar, soybean.
Fig. 2 shows the second cereal gathering machine embodiment, comprises grain collecting barrel 1, and screen 2 is separated into grain collecting barrel 1 inner chamberNegative pressure cavity 11 and Ji Gu chamber 12, be subject to back and forth cleaning screen 2 compass screen surfaces of power-actuated wiper mechanism 3; Air suction mechanism is communicated with negative pressure cavity11, and through screen 2, negative-pressure air-suction is carried out in Ji Gu chamber 12; Ji Gu chamber 12 front ends are communicated with inhales paddy mouths 4, cereal with air draught air-flow fromInhale paddy mouth 4 and enter in Ji Gu chamber 12, Ji Gu chamber 12 bottom airtight connection spiral-poker lifter 5 feeding mouths 51; Cover plate 6 is movable to be connectedBe connected on the discharging opening 52 of spiral-poker lifter 5, and be subject to the airtight discharging opening 52 of Gravitative Loads; Screen 2 is sieve bend, wiper mechanism3 comprise the brushing piece 32 being arranged in rotating shaft 31, and power drive rotating shaft 31 swings back and forth as circular arc, drive brushing piece 32 to arc screen2 inner surface carries out back and forth the cleaning of reciprocal wiper, scrapes the impurity on it from absorption, the sieve aperture that makes arc screen 2 all the time not byImpurity stops up, and keeps good ventilative property, and it is unobstructed that gas channel remains, cereal gathering speed is fast, efficiency is high.
Fig. 3 is the cutaway view of middle grain collecting barrel embodiment illustrated in fig. 2, and grain collecting barrel 1 inner chamber is separated into negative pressure cavity by arc screen 211 and Ji Gu chamber 12, be subject to power-actuated rotating shaft 31 to drive brushing piece 32 repeatedly to clear up arc screen 2 compass screen surfaces; Air suction mechanism 7 is communicated withNegative pressure cavity 11, and through arc screen 2, negative-pressure air-suction is carried out in Ji Gu chamber 12; The Ji Gu chamber 12 airtight connection spiral-pokers in bottom are carriedRise device 5 feeding mouths; Power drive rotating shaft 31 swings back and forth as circular arc, and the scope of its swing is only top part circumference, brushing piece 32The inner surface of arc screen 2 is carried out back and forth to reciprocal wiper cleaning, can be better to the cleaning effect of impurity, be also conducive to spiralScrew feeder lifter 5 feeding mouths are connected with Ji Gu chamber 12 is compact, effectively reduce the necessary height that primary airstream promotes, minimizing equipmentEnergy consumption.
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of cover plate embodiment illustrated in fig. 2, and cover plate comprises rubber substrate 61, substrate 61 outsidesEvery fixing some heavy sheets 62, under the Action of Gravity Field of heavy sheet 62, rubber substrate 61 can be to the discharging of spiral-poker lifter between the upper and lowerThe good airtight effect of mouth performance, prevents that outside air from entering grain collecting barrel inner chamber from discharging opening suck-back.
Fig. 5 is the work schematic diagram of cover plate embodiment illustrated in fig. 2, and heavy sheet 62 is fixed on substrate in the mode at upper and lower interval61 outsides, spiral-poker lifter 5 semi-load (undercapacity) operation, cereal only promotes cover plate 6 bottoms and outwards turns down to discharge cereal,Cover plate 6 tops still press down volt on discharging opening 52 in self gravitation effect, can not produce obviously between cover plate 6 and discharging opening 52Space, can avoid a large amount of outside airs to enter from discharging opening 52 spaces through spiral-poker lifter 5 suck-backs and enter grain collecting barrel inner chamberPhenomenon occurs, thereby ensures that the air draught effect at suction paddy mouth place is basicly stable. Certainly, when 5 full-load run of spiral-poker lifter, spiral shellRevolve in the whole inner chamber of screw feeder lifter 5 and fill up cereal, although cover plate 6 is opened completely, outside air is hampered by spiral-poker and carriesRise the filler in device 5 inner chambers, cannot enter grain collecting barrel inner chamber from discharging opening 52 suck-backs, can not affect the air draught at suction paddy mouth place, frontEffect.
Fig. 6 is the structural representation of the third embodiment of the present invention. Comprise the power and the grain collecting barrel that are arranged in frame 101, grain collecting barrel 1 inner chamber is separated into negative pressure cavity and Ji Gu chamber by arc screen 2, is subject to back and forth cleaning filter of power-actuated wiper mechanism 3Sieve 2 compass screen surfaces; Air suction mechanism 7 is communicated with negative pressure cavity, and through screen 2, negative-pressure air-suction is carried out in Ji Gu chamber; Ji Gu chamber front end is communicated with to be inhaledPaddy mouth 4, cereal enters in Ji Gu chamber from inhaling paddy mouth 4 with air draught air-flow, and bottom, Ji Gu chamber airtight connection spiral-poker lifter 5 entersMaterial mouthful; Cover plate 6 is movably connected in the discharging opening of spiral-poker lifter 5, and is subject to the airtight discharging opening of self gravitation effect; Induced-draught fanThe inlet scoop of structure 7 is communicated with the negative pressure cavity of grain collecting barrel 1 inner chamber, and air outlet is communicated with dust arrester 8, sees through arc screen 2 sieve with air-flowThe dust in hole, grass bits from air outlet enters dust arrester 8, be trapped and and flow separation, the air-flow after dedusting is filled by dedustingPut outside 8 discharge machines, can avoid that operation field dust flies upward, stuffy phenomenon; The discharging opening place of spiral-poker lifter 5Also be provided with bagger 9, be convenient to the cereal access package pack that discharging opening is discharged; The below of frame 10 is provided with and is subject to power driveRoad wheel 11, road wheel 11 can drive body to move to advance and break-in walking, is conducive to improve cereal collection efficiency, saves peoplePower, makes cereal collect function and is widely used in airing field, stacks the operation that moves around of the places such as field, warehouse.

Claims (5)

1. a cereal gathering machine, is characterized in that comprising grain collecting barrel, and grain collecting barrel inner chamber is separated into negative pressure cavity and Ji Gu by screenChamber, is subject to power-actuated wiper mechanism back and forth to clear up screen compass screen surface; Air suction mechanism is communicated with negative pressure cavity, and sees through screen to Ji Gu chamberCarry out negative-pressure air-suction; Ji Gu chamber front end is communicated with inhales paddy mouth, and cereal enters in Ji Gu chamber from inhaling paddy mouth with air draught air-flow, under Ji Gu chamberPortion's airtight connection spiral-poker lifter feeding mouth; Cover plate is movably connected in the discharging opening of spiral-poker lifter, and is subject to selfThe airtight discharging opening of Action of Gravity Field.
2. a kind of cereal gathering machine as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that screen is sieve bend, and wiper mechanism comprises installationBrushing piece in rotating shaft, power drive rotating shaft is rotated, and makes brushing piece carry out wiper repeatedly to sieve bend compass screen surface.
3. a kind of cereal gathering machine as claimed in claim 2, is characterized in that power drive rotating shaft makes circular arc reciprocally swinging, bandMoving brushing piece is carried out back and forth back and forth wiper to sieve bend compass screen surface.
4. a kind of cereal gathering machine as described in claim 1-3 any one, is characterized in that cover plate comprises rubber substrate, baseSheet outside is between the upper and lower every fixing some heavy sheets.
5. a kind of cereal gathering machine as claimed in claim 4, is characterized in that the inlet scoop of air suction mechanism is communicated with in grain collecting barrelThe negative pressure cavity in chamber, air outlet is communicated with dust arrester.
CN201620000504.8U 2016-01-03 2016-01-03 Cereal gathering machine Expired - Fee Related CN205257488U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201620000504.8U CN205257488U (en) 2016-01-03 2016-01-03 Cereal gathering machine

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201620000504.8U CN205257488U (en) 2016-01-03 2016-01-03 Cereal gathering machine

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN205257488U true CN205257488U (en) 2016-05-25

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201620000504.8U Expired - Fee Related CN205257488U (en) 2016-01-03 2016-01-03 Cereal gathering machine

Country Status (1)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106241231A (en) * 2016-08-25 2016-12-21 陈兆红 Strong suction auger conveyor
CN107336850A (en) * 2017-06-24 2017-11-10 李田 A kind of agricultural granular shape crops collection device
CN110745262A (en) * 2019-09-29 2020-02-04 江西格林美资源循环有限公司 Waste plastic particle bagging equipment

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106241231A (en) * 2016-08-25 2016-12-21 陈兆红 Strong suction auger conveyor
CN107336850A (en) * 2017-06-24 2017-11-10 李田 A kind of agricultural granular shape crops collection device
CN110745262A (en) * 2019-09-29 2020-02-04 江西格林美资源循环有限公司 Waste plastic particle bagging equipment

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Date Code Title Description
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20160525

Termination date: 20180103