CN205232808U - Miniature automatic harvester - Google Patents

Miniature automatic harvester Download PDF

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Publication number
CN205232808U
CN205232808U CN201520999218.2U CN201520999218U CN205232808U CN 205232808 U CN205232808 U CN 205232808U CN 201520999218 U CN201520999218 U CN 201520999218U CN 205232808 U CN205232808 U CN 205232808U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
frame
transmission
ceding
taiwan
clutch
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Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201520999218.2U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
郭家齐
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郭家齐
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Priority to CN201520999218.2U priority Critical patent/CN205232808U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN205232808U publication Critical patent/CN205232808U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
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Abstract

The utility model relates to a harvester technical field discloses a miniature automatic harvester, which comprises a frame, fix the arresting gear in the frame, thresher, , a power transmission uni, transmission, conveyor, transmission includes that two transmissions are connected and organizes with the axon, the transmission connection is organized including first transmission shaft with the axon, the suit is at the epaxial a pair of connection bearing of first transmission, a pair of transmission bearing, a plurality of driving sprocket, two transmissions connections are do not fixed on frame and header through a pair of connection bearing with the axon component, two pairs of connection bearings pass through the connecting rod and connect, swing joint has the connecting rod between thresher and the header, the connecting rod is connected with header and frame respectively through two pairs of connection bearings, the connecting rod is relatively in the frame, swing down, make the header can adjust the height of header according to the height of relief at any time, and simultaneously, the header is connecting rod swinging relatively, under the action of gravity of header, make the header side keep perpendicular to the ground's state always, can reap the operation in succession.

Description

Miniature automatic harvester
Technical field
The utility model relates to harvester technical field, especially a kind of miniature automatic harvester.
Background technology
At present, along with social fast development, most rural laborer goes out, and rural area the personnel that are engaged in agriculture reduce, and old labour occupies the majority, particularly south China hilly country is main, mostly is paddy field, the physical features complexity in paddy field, area is little, adaptability requirement to harvester is higher, and existing harvester cannot meet the demand in most of paddy field, and existing harvester mainly exists following problem: the adjustment of (1) ceding of Taiwan height needs to adjust at any time; (2) can not operation in darker paddy field; (3) weight of fuselage heaviness, especially gearbox, manual operation effort.
Patent 200620051139.X discloses a kind of harvester, comprise frame and be attached at the harvesting part in frame, frame head installation activity push rod, push rod height is adjustable, harvester operation part leans on push rod, adjust push rod height and can control reaping machine head portion height, the height of head of harvester can be adjusted with the height of crop, realize push rod height by following two kinds of modes adjustable: (1) push rod middle part connection expansion link device, the other end of Telescopic rod device is connected with frame, control the length of the device of expansion link, can change the height of push rod, (2) push rod middle part connects pole, and the pole other end is connected with the locating hole in frame, according to the height of harvesting crop, selects different locating holes to be connected with pole. above-mentioned (1) kind mode, needs manual operation, and can not adjust in real time the height of harvester head according to the height of physical features, can not realize automation, (2) kind mode, because harvester head is heavier, expansion link is stressed flexible easily damage often, and the adjustable altitude range of harvester head is less.
Patent 201410252765.4 discloses a kind of single ridge sugar-cane cutting machine, cutterhead 5 is along with splined shaft 9 is driven and rotated so that sugarcane is cut by the second speed changer 8, splined shaft 9 is controlled itself and the engaging highly of the second speed changer 8 by hydraulic cylinder 11, thereby regulate the cutting-height of cutterhead 5, the weight that adopts hydraulic cylinder to increase whole harvester has increased manufacturing cost simultaneously.
Utility model content
Technical problem to be solved in the utility model is to provide a kind of harvester of rice harvesting operation of the field that is suitable for multiple landform that can adjust at any time ceding of Taiwan height.
Realizing principle of the present utility model is: adopt two be in transmission connection same axon group and connecting rods that the ceding of Taiwan is connected with frame, and be connected with connecting rod between sheller unit and the ceding of Taiwan, make the ceding of Taiwan can adjust at any time according to the height of physical features the height of the ceding of Taiwan, and ceding of Taiwan side keeps the state perpendicular to ground always, the i.e. state of harvesting continuously, auxiliary lifting apparatus acts on connecting rod simultaneously, can further expand the adjusting range of ceding of Taiwan height, the drive sprocket that utilization is in transmission connection in same axon group is realized speed change, gearbox needn't be set in addition, harvester gross weight and manufacturing cost are reduced.
The technical scheme adopting based on above-mentioned principle the utility model is: miniature automatic harvester, comprise frame, be fixed on the brake apparatus in frame, sheller unit, actuating unit, transmission device, conveying device, the running gear that drive chassis is advanced, actuating unit drives transmission device transmission, brake apparatus is connected with running gear, running gear is flexibly connected with frame, the ceding of Taiwan, transmission device comprises and is separately fixed at frame, the same axon group that is in transmission connection in the ceding of Taiwan, each same axon group that is in transmission connection comprises the first power transmission shaft, be sleeved on a pair of connection bearing on the first power transmission shaft, a pair of drive bearing, multiple the first drive sprockets, two same axon groups that are in transmission connection are fixed in frame and the ceding of Taiwan by a pair of connection bearing respectively, two pairs of connection bearings connect by connecting rod, between sheller unit and the ceding of Taiwan, be connected with connecting rod, connecting rod is connected with frame with the ceding of Taiwan respectively by two pairs of connection bearings, connecting rod is relatively in frame, lower swing, make the ceding of Taiwan can adjust at any time according to the height of physical features the height of the ceding of Taiwan, simultaneously, the ceding of Taiwan is connecting rod swing relatively, under the Action of Gravity Field of the ceding of Taiwan, make ceding of Taiwan side keep the state perpendicular to ground always, the i.e. state of harvesting continuously, utilize the drive sprocket being in transmission connection in same axon group to realize speed change simultaneously, gearbox needn't be set in addition, harvester gross weight and manufacturing cost are reduced.
Further, the frame frame structure that many connecting rods are connected to form of serving as reasons, on framework, a side relative with the ceding of Taiwan is provided with two handrails, the relative base of frame of this handrail is inclined upwardly, frame adopts frame structure, has reduced the total weight of harvester, makes harvester operation light.
Further, on the center of the framework between two handrails, be connected with liftable pallet, this pallet can relatively upper and lower activity, and pallet comprises bottom and edge, and bottom section is half fusiformis, reduce the resistance of body and muddy native face, and then having reduced power attenuation, edge and bottom are the angle that is less than 45 °, bottom and frame bottom angle at an angle, this angle is adjustable between 0 to 10 °, and arranging of pallet can keep organism balance.
Further, actuating unit comprises engine, the driving shaft being connected with engine, the arrangement of clutch of separation or engage engine and the same axon group that is in transmission connection, this arrangement of clutch comprises clutch shaft, is sleeved on the clutch on clutch shaft and is arranged on the clutch handle on handrail, and clutch is connected with the first drive sprocket, and clutch handle is connected with clutch, engine and clutch shaft are all fixed in frame, realize the gearshift of harvester by operated clutch handle.
Further, conveying device comprises the machine that send that twists, the feed pipe that send machine to be communicated with strand, be arranged on to twist to send machine inside and be fixed on strand and send the second driving shaft on machine inwall, on second driving shaft, be set with the second drive sprocket, the first drive sprocket drives the second drive sprocket transmission, and strand send machine to be fixed in frame, is convenient to the cereal after sheller unit threshing to be transported to desired position.
Further, sheller unit inside is provided with ladder step vibratory sieve, sheller unit lower end is provided with charging aperture, this charging aperture is communicated with the ceding of Taiwan by chute feeder, the cross sectional dimensions of chute feeder is all less than the size of charging aperture, and chute feeder is all connected by hinged mode with the ceding of Taiwan and sheller unit, and the relative ceding of Taiwan of delivery chute and sheller unit swing to be realized being communicated with of delivery chute and the ceding of Taiwan or sheller unit, be provided with discharging opening in sheller unit bottom, this discharging opening send machine to be communicated with strand.
Further, position corresponding with feed pipe in frame is provided with grains container, is convenient to the cereal after threshing to collect.
Further, running gear comprises differential driving shaft, be arranged on two wheels at driving shaft two ends, frame is connected on differential driving shaft by holding card, be that its rim surface is provided with rib dress protrusion and the wheel hub of rim width between 140-160mm at the wheel hub of described wheel, ensure that it has enough intensity, improve anti-skidding effect, the diameter of wheel hub is between 900-1000mm, improve the speed of service of complete machine, be staggeredly equipped with the Anti-skid sheet that is 30-45 ° of angle with the side of the wheel rim of wheel hub in the hub surface both sides of described wheel, the thickness of this Anti-skid sheet is greater than 4mm, ensure that it has enough intensity, avoid Anti-skid sheet distortion.
Further, brake apparatus comprises the turbine brake being connected with differential driving shaft, turbine brake is connected with reverse gear, reverse gear is connected with turbine brake with universal joint, turbine brake is fixed in frame, adopts turbine type braking to replace traditional brake system, has reduced parts, safer, be more conducive to operation.
Further, be also provided with lifting device between frame and connecting rod, this lifting device is used for the height of the connecting rod that regulates connection frame and the ceding of Taiwan, and then regulates the height of the ceding of Taiwan.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are:
(1) wheel of this use novel harvester, rack construction are simple, and weight is less than or equal to 180kg, and 15 horsepowers of little needs of power are simple to operate, and operation walking 21-23m per minute, cuts wide 1.1m, harvesting 1.3-1.6/ mu per hour, and grain is clean.
(2) the without hindrance anti-skidding steel wheel of super-large diameter, normal operation in the dark paddy field of 45cm.
(3) be in transmission connection under same axon group and lifting device acting in conjunction, can be by the height of upper and lower ceding of Taiwan adjustment 55cm.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the front view of the miniature automatic harvester of the utility model.
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of the utility model capstan winch and frame and connecting rod.
Fig. 3 is the top view of the miniature automatic harvester of the utility model.
Fig. 4 is the front view of the utility model pallet.
Fig. 5 is the left view of the utility model pallet.
Fig. 6 is the top view of the utility model pallet.
Fig. 7 is the front view of the utility model wheel.
Fig. 8 is the top view of the utility model wheel.
Fig. 9 is the be in transmission connection structural representation of same axon group of the utility model.
In figure, be labeled as: 1-frame, 2-engine, 3 clutches, 4-clutch shaft, 5-reverse gear, 6-worm gear brake, 7-differential driving shaft, 8-wheel, 801-wheel rim, 802-spoke, 803-Anti-skid sheet, the 9-same axon group that is in transmission connection, 91-the first power transmission shaft, 92-connection bearing, 93-drive bearing, 94-the first drive sprocket, 10-connecting rod, the 11-ceding of Taiwan, 12-chute feeder, 13-sheller unit, 15-strand is sent device, 16-discharging opening, 17-handrail, 18-clutch handle, 20-lifting device, 201-hydraulic rockshaft, 202-capstan winch, 203-screw mandrel, 204-manual draw bar, 21-charging aperture, 22-grains container, 23-pallet, 25-driving shaft, 26-second driving shaft, 27-the second drive sprocket, 28-feed pipe, 29-back shaft, 30-screwed hole, 31-is flexibly connected piece, 32-bottom, 33-edge, 34-connecting rod.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the utility model is further illustrated.
As Fig. 1, Fig. 2, Fig. 3, Fig. 4, Fig. 5, Fig. 6, Fig. 7, shown in Fig. 8 and Fig. 9, miniature automatic harvester of the present utility model, comprises frame 1, is fixed on the brake apparatus in frame 1, sheller unit 13, actuating unit, transmission device, conveying device, the running gear that drive chassis 1 is advanced, the ceding of Taiwan 11, actuating unit drives transmission device transmission, and brake apparatus is connected with running gear, and running gear is flexibly connected with frame 1, and transmission device comprises and is separately fixed at frame 1, the same axon group 9 that is in transmission connection in the ceding of Taiwan 11, each same axon group 9 that is in transmission connection comprises the first power transmission shaft 91, is sleeved on a pair of connection bearing 92 on the first power transmission shaft, a pair of drive bearing 93, multiple the first drive sprockets 94, in actual application, the first drive sprocket 94 can be according to actual needs, select the sprocket wheel of the different numbers of teeth, also can select the sprocket wheel of the identical number of teeth, two same axon groups that are in transmission connection are fixed in frame 1 and the ceding of Taiwan 11 by a pair of connection bearing respectively, two pairs of connection bearings connect by connecting rod 10, between sheller unit 13 and the ceding of Taiwan 11, be connected with connecting rod 34, connecting rod 34 is connected by removable pin with the ceding of Taiwan 11 with sheller unit 13, make the side of the ceding of Taiwan 11 can remain the state perpendicular to ground, continuous operation.
On the center of the framework between two handrails 17, be connected with liftable pallet 23, between pallet 23 and frame 1, adopt back shaft 29 to be connected, on this back shaft 29, be provided with multiple screwed holes 30, in frame 1, be provided with the installing hole coordinating with screwed hole 30, pallet 23 comprises bottom 32 and edge 33, on bottom, be provided with and be flexibly connected piece 31, 32 cross sections, bottom are half fusiformis, edge 33 relatively bottom is inclined upwardly, back shaft 29 be flexibly connected piece 31 and be bolted, need to adjust the angle of pallet 23 and frame 1 bottom time, Bolt dismantling is got off, pallet 23 is adjusted to required angle, fix with bolt again, this angle is adjusted between 0 to 10 °.
Running gear comprises differential driving shaft 7, be arranged on two wheels 8 at driving shaft two ends, frame 1 is connected on differential driving shaft 7 by holding card, be that its rim surface is provided with rib dress protrusion and the wheel hub of rim width between 140-160mm at the wheel hub of described wheel 8, the diameter of wheel hub is between 900-1000mm, when concrete enforcement, can adopt the Ribbed Bar of diameter between 140-160mm by wheel rim and the integrally welded structure of spoke, be staggeredly equipped with the Anti-skid sheet that is 30-45 ° of angle with the side of the wheel rim of wheel hub in the hub surface both sides of described wheel 8, the thickness of this Anti-skid sheet is greater than 4mm.
Between frame 1 and connecting rod 10, be also provided with lifting device 20, this lifting device 20 is for regulating the height of connecting rod 10 of connection frame and the ceding of Taiwan, this lifting device can adopt following two kinds of modes: a) as shown in Figure 1, adopt hydraulic rockshaft, the effect end of hydraulic rockshaft is connected on connecting rod 10, its tie point and be fixed on distance between the connection bearing 92 in frame 1 at 400-500mm, the canned paragraph of hydraulic rockshaft is fixed in frame 1, its fixing point and the vertical range that is fixed on the connection bearing 92 in frame 1 are between 100-200mm, the oil pressure of hydraulic rockshaft is greater than 2000 ㎏ f/cm2, while needing the lifting ceding of Taiwan, the effect end of hydraulic rockshaft is by connecting rod 10 pull-ups or depress, realize the lifting of connecting rod 10, can be by connecting rod 10 rising 250mm, b) as shown in Figure 2, adopt capstan winch, the diameter of this capstan winch is 250mm, and capstan winch is fixed in frame 1, between capstan winch and connecting rod, is connected with screw mandrel, on capstan winch, be also connected with manual draw bar, while needing the lifting ceding of Taiwan, pull manual draw bar, drive screw mandrel by connecting rod 10 pull-ups or depress, realize the lifting of connecting rod 10, can be by connecting rod 10 rising 250mm.
When harvester work, by engine 2 power outputs, through clutch 3, reach clutch shaft 4, drive transmission with on corresponding the first sprocket wheel 94 being connected in same axon group 9 by the change-speed gearing on clutch shaft 4, while needing speed change, engagement or separation by operated clutch handle 18 solenoidoperated cluthes from the first sprocket wheel 94 of the different numbers of teeth, thereby reach the object of speed change, the first sprocket wheel being in transmission connection in same axon group 9 drives respectively sheller unit 13, strand send the sprocket wheel on device 15 to carry out threshing, grain transportation, the turbine of turbine brake 6 connects differential driving shaft 7 and reverse gear 5, harvester is braked or reversed gear.

Claims (10)

1. miniature automatic harvester, comprise frame (1), be fixed on the brake apparatus in frame (1), sheller unit (13), actuating unit, transmission device, conveying device, the running gear that drive chassis (1) is advanced, the ceding of Taiwan (11), actuating unit drives transmission device transmission, brake apparatus is connected with running gear, running gear is flexibly connected with frame (1), it is characterized in that: transmission device comprises and is separately fixed at frame (1), the same axon group (9) that is in transmission connection in the ceding of Taiwan (11), each same axon group (9) that is in transmission connection comprises the first power transmission shaft (91), be sleeved on a pair of connection bearing (92) on the first power transmission shaft, a pair of drive bearing (93), multiple the first drive sprockets (94), two same axon groups that are in transmission connection are fixed in frame (1) and the ceding of Taiwan (11) by a pair of connection bearing respectively, two pairs of connection bearings connect by connecting rod (10), between sheller unit (13) and the ceding of Taiwan (11), be connected with connecting rod (34).
2. miniature automatic harvester as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: frame (1) frame structure that many connecting rods are connected to form of serving as reasons, on framework, a side relative with the ceding of Taiwan (11) is provided with two handrails (17), and the relative base of frame of this handrail is inclined upwardly.
3. miniature automatic harvester as claimed in claim 2, it is characterized in that: on the center of the framework between two handrails (17), be connected with liftable pallet (23), pallet (23) comprises bottom and edge, bottom section is half fusiformis, edge relatively bottom is inclined upwardly, bottom and frame (1) bottom angle at an angle, this angle is adjustable between 0 to 10 °.
4. miniature automatic harvester as claimed in claim 1 or 2, it is characterized in that: actuating unit comprises engine (2), the driving shaft (25) being connected with engine (2), the arrangement of clutch of separation or engage engine and the same axon group that is in transmission connection, this arrangement of clutch comprises clutch shaft (4), be sleeved on the clutch (3) on clutch shaft and be arranged on the clutch handle (18) on handrail (17), clutch (3) is connected with the first drive sprocket (94), clutch handle (18) is connected with clutch (3), engine (2) and clutch shaft (4) are all fixed in frame (1).
5. miniature automatic harvester as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: conveying device comprises the machine (15) that send that twists, send the machine feed pipe that (15) are communicated with (28) with strand, be arranged on to twist to send machine (15) inside and be fixed on strand and send the second driving shaft (26) on machine (15) inwall, on second driving shaft (26), be set with the second drive sprocket (27), the first drive sprocket (94) drives the second drive sprocket (27) transmission, and strand send machine (15) to be fixed in frame (1).
6. the miniature automatic harvester as described in claim 1 or 5, it is characterized in that: sheller unit (13) inside is provided with ladder step vibratory sieve, sheller unit (13) lower end is provided with charging aperture (21), this charging aperture (21) is communicated with the ceding of Taiwan (11) by chute feeder (12), the cross sectional dimensions of chute feeder (12) is all less than the size of charging aperture (21), chute feeder (12) is all connected by hinged mode with the ceding of Taiwan (11) and sheller unit (13), be provided with discharging opening (16) in sheller unit (13) bottom, this discharging opening (16) send machine (15) to be communicated with strand.
7. miniature automatic harvester as claimed in claim 5, is characterized in that: be provided with grains container (22) in the upper position corresponding with feed pipe (28) of frame (1).
8. miniature automatic harvester as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: running gear comprises differential driving shaft (7), be arranged on two wheels (8) at driving shaft two ends, frame (1) is connected on differential driving shaft (7) by holding card, the wheel hub of wheel (8) is that its rim surface is provided with rib dress protrusion and the wheel hub of rim width between 140-160mm, the diameter of wheel hub is between 900-1000mm, be staggeredly equipped with the Anti-skid sheet that is 30-45 ° of angle with the side of the wheel rim of wheel hub in the hub surface both sides of described wheel (8), the thickness of this Anti-skid sheet is greater than 4mm.
9. the miniature automatic harvester as described in claim 1 or 8, it is characterized in that: brake apparatus comprises the turbine brake (6) being connected with differential driving shaft (7), turbine brake is connected with reverse gear (5), and turbine brake (6) is fixed in frame (1).
10. miniature automatic harvester as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: between frame (1) and connecting rod (10), be also provided with lifting device, this lifting device is used for the height of the connecting rod (10) that regulates connection frame and the ceding of Taiwan.
CN201520999218.2U 2015-12-04 2015-12-04 Miniature automatic harvester Expired - Fee Related CN205232808U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520999218.2U CN205232808U (en) 2015-12-04 2015-12-04 Miniature automatic harvester

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520999218.2U CN205232808U (en) 2015-12-04 2015-12-04 Miniature automatic harvester

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN205232808U true CN205232808U (en) 2016-05-18

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201520999218.2U Expired - Fee Related CN205232808U (en) 2015-12-04 2015-12-04 Miniature automatic harvester

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN205232808U (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112449854A (en) * 2020-11-27 2021-03-09 湖南省农友农业装备股份有限公司 Cantilever crane type combine harvester

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112449854A (en) * 2020-11-27 2021-03-09 湖南省农友农业装备股份有限公司 Cantilever crane type combine harvester

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20160518

Termination date: 20201204