CN205224134U - Excavator robotic arm and multi -functional excavator - Google Patents

Excavator robotic arm and multi -functional excavator Download PDF

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Publication number
CN205224134U
CN205224134U CN201520984912.7U CN201520984912U CN205224134U CN 205224134 U CN205224134 U CN 205224134U CN 201520984912 U CN201520984912 U CN 201520984912U CN 205224134 U CN205224134 U CN 205224134U
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China
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arm
slewing equipment
oil cylinder
telescopic arm
portal frame
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CN201520984912.7U
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Chinese (zh)
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刘立春
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Yichang Changxing Machinery Manufacturing Co Ltd
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Yichang Changxing Machinery Manufacturing Co Ltd
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Abstract

The utility model particularly relates to an excavator robotic arm and multi -functional excavator, wherein excavator robotic arm includes that hydro -cylinder, the 2nd slewer are adjusted to fixing device, a slewer, flexible arm, flexible arm, hydro -cylinder, forearm and bucket are adjusted to arm, big arm greatly, a slewer installs on fixing device's top surface and fixing device is rotatory relatively, and the one end of flexible arm is articulated with a slewer, and flexible arm is adjusted the hydro -cylinder and is connected between a slewer and flexible arm, the other end and the 2nd slewer fixed connection of the arm that stretches out and draws back, the plane nonparallel of the plane of the 2nd slewer's spinning movement emergence and a slewer's spinning movement emergence, the one end and the 2nd slewer of big arm are articulated, and big arm is adjusted the hydro -cylinder and is connected between big arm and the 2nd slewer. The utility model discloses a two slewer are independent motion relatively, combines the concertina movement of each hydro -cylinder, makes robotic arm's flexible movements, and gathering range is wider, and efficiency is higher.

Description

Excavator mechanical arm and multifunctional excavator
Technical field
The utility model relates to food processing field, particularly relates to a kind of excavator mechanical arm and multifunctional excavator.
Background technology
Excavator (excavatingmachinery), is excavate higher or lower than the material holding machine side with scraper bowl, and loads haulage vehicle or unload the earth moving plant to rickyard.Material mainly soil, coal, silt and the Soil and Rock after pre-pine that excavator excavates.From the development of engineering machinery in recent years, the development of excavator is relatively very fast, and excavator has become one of topmost engineering machinery in engineering construction.
But excavator of the prior art, the action of its mechanical arm bows that moving combines makes by facing upward of the rotary motion of bottom rotating disk and swing arm, action underaction, can not all around rotating 360 degrees, can only be rotated to the left and right by swing arm, can in front and right and left construction, as do not moved excavator itself when putting excavator rear and the position operation close to rear centered by excavator or just not excavating the position less than rear by other excavator, cause excavation scope also little, effort, inconvenience, inefficiency.
Utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of flexible movements, and job area is wide, the excavator mechanical arm that operating efficiency is high and apply the excavator of this mechanical arm.
For achieving the above object, the utility model provides a kind of excavator mechanical arm and multifunctional excavator, comprises for mechanical arm being installed to fastening devices on excavator car body, the first slewing equipment, telescopic arm, telescopic arm regulate oil cylinder, the second slewing equipment, large arm, large arm to regulate oil cylinder, forearm and bucket; Described first slewing equipment is arranged on the end face of fastening devices, one end and first slewing equipment of described telescopic arm are hinged, described telescopic arm regulates oil cylinder to connect the first slewing equipment, the other end of described telescopic arm is fixedly connected with the second slewing equipment, and the plane that the plane of spinning movement generation of described second slewing equipment and the spinning movement of the first slewing equipment occur is not parallel; One end and second slewing equipment of described large arm are hinged, and described large arm regulates oil cylinder to be connected between large arm and the second slewing equipment; The other end and the forearm of described large arm are hinged, described forearm and bucket hinged.
Wherein, described fastening devices comprises portal frame, portal frame adjustable plate and portal frame adjustment oil cylinder; Side and the portal frame of described portal frame adjustable plate are hinged, and opposite side regulates oil cylinder to be connected with portal frame by portal frame.
Wherein, described first slewing equipment is fixed on portal frame adjustable plate; The end face of described first slewing equipment be provided with telescopic arm ear seat and reinforce gusset, described telescopic arm utilizes connection pin to be fixed on telescopic arm ear seat; The end face of described first slewing equipment is also provided with telescopic arm and regulates oil cylinder fixing base, the end of described telescopic arm is provided with telescopic arm and regulates oil cylinder to fix ear, and described telescopic arm regulates the two ends of oil cylinder to be connected to telescopic arm adjustment oil cylinder fixing base and telescopic arm regulates oil cylinder to fix on ear.
Wherein, described bucket is fixedly connected with forearm by snap joint.
The utility model also provides a kind of multifunctional excavator, the mechanical arm comprising the car body for walking and be fixed on car body; Described mechanical arm comprises for mechanical arm being installed to fastening devices on excavator car body, the first slewing equipment, telescopic arm, telescopic arm regulate oil cylinder, the second slewing equipment, large arm, large arm to regulate oil cylinder, forearm and bucket; Described first slewing equipment is arranged on the end face of fastening devices, one end and first slewing equipment of described telescopic arm are hinged, described telescopic arm regulates oil cylinder to connect the first slewing equipment, the other end of described telescopic arm is fixedly connected with the second slewing equipment, and the plane that the plane of spinning movement generation of described second slewing equipment and the spinning movement of the first slewing equipment occur is not parallel; One end and second slewing equipment of described large arm are hinged, and described large arm regulates oil cylinder to be connected between large arm and the second slewing equipment; The other end and the forearm of described large arm are hinged, described forearm and bucket hinged.
Wherein, described car body comprises chassis assembly, front shovel, operating desk and carriage; The fastening devices of described mechanical arm, operating desk and carriage are arranged on chassis assembly, and described front shovel is positioned at the front end of chassis assembly, and described carriage is connected with front shovel.
Wherein, described fastening devices comprises portal frame, portal frame adjustable plate and portal frame adjustment oil cylinder; Described portal frame is arranged on chassis assembly, and side and the portal frame of described portal frame adjustable plate are hinged, and opposite side regulates oil cylinder to be connected with portal frame by portal frame.
Wherein, described first slewing equipment is fixed on portal frame adjustable plate; The end face of described first slewing equipment be provided with telescopic arm ear seat and reinforce gusset, described telescopic arm utilizes connection pin to be fixed on telescopic arm ear seat; The end face of described first slewing equipment is also provided with telescopic arm and regulates oil cylinder fixing base, the end of described telescopic arm is provided with telescopic arm and regulates oil cylinder to fix ear, and described telescopic arm regulates the two ends of oil cylinder to be connected to telescopic arm adjustment oil cylinder fixing base and telescopic arm regulates oil cylinder to fix on ear.
Wherein, described bucket is fixedly connected with forearm by snap joint.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are: the excavator mechanical arm that the utility model provides, be provided with the first slewing equipment and the second slewing equipment: wherein, first slewing equipment can do 360 degree of rotations in the first working face, root and the telescopic arm of driving mechanical arm rotate, and telescopic arm regulates oil cylinder can control relative first slewing equipment of telescopic arm and face upward motion of bowing; Meanwhile, the second slewing equipment can do 360 degree of rotations in the second working face, and large arm regulates oil cylinder can control relative second slewing equipment of large arm and face upward motion of bowing; In addition, be hinged between forearm and large arm and between bucket and forearm, all can face upward motion of bowing.The plane that the plane of spinning movement generation of the second slewing equipment and the spinning movement of the first slewing equipment occur is not parallel, the relatively independent motion of the first slewing equipment and the second slewing equipment, also being provided with telescopic arm telescopic oil cylinder in simultaneous retractable arm is the length regulating telescopic arm according to handling situations, in conjunction with the stretching motion of each oil cylinder, make the flexible movements of mechanical arm, make excavator when operation, job area is wider, omnibearing stereo operation up and down all around can be realized, do not need frequent mobile excavator car body, therefore digging efficiency is higher.
Accompanying drawing explanation
The structure chart of the excavator mechanical arm that Fig. 1 provides for the utility model;
The structure chart of the multifunctional excavator that Fig. 2 provides for the utility model.
Critical element symbol description is as follows:
11, fastening devices 12, first slewing equipment
13, telescopic arm 14, telescopic arm regulate oil cylinder
15, the second slewing equipment 16, large arm
17, large arm regulates oil cylinder 18, forearm
19, bucket 20, snap joint
21, chassis assembly 22, front shovel
23, operating desk 24, carriage
111, portal frame 112, portal frame adjustable plate
113, portal frame regulates oil cylinder 121, telescopic arm ear seat
122, reinforce gusset 123, telescopic arm regulates oil cylinder fixing base
131, telescopic arm regulates oil cylinder to fix ear.
Detailed description of the invention
In order to more clearly state the utility model, below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the utility model is further described.
Consult Fig. 1, the excavator mechanical arm that the utility model provides, comprises for mechanical arm being installed to fastening devices 11, first slewing equipment 12 on excavator car body, telescopic arm 13, telescopic arm regulates oil cylinder 14, second slewing equipment 15, large arm 16, large arm to regulate oil cylinder 17, forearm 18 and bucket 19; First slewing equipment 12 is arranged on the end face of fastening devices 11, one end and first slewing equipment 12 of telescopic arm 13 are hinged, telescopic arm regulates oil cylinder 14 to connect the first slewing equipment 12, the other end of telescopic arm 13 is fixedly connected with the second slewing equipment 15, and the plane that the plane of spinning movement generation of the second slewing equipment 15 and the spinning movement of the first slewing equipment 12 occur is not parallel; One end and second slewing equipment 15 of large arm 16 are hinged, and large arm regulates oil cylinder 17 to be connected between large arm 16 and the second slewing equipment 15; The other end and the forearm 18 of large arm 16 are hinged, and forearm 18 is hinged with bucket 19.
Compared to prior art, the excavator mechanical arm that the utility model provides, be provided with the first slewing equipment 12 and the second slewing equipment 15: wherein, first slewing equipment 12 can do 360 degree of rotations in the first working face, root and the telescopic arm 13 of driving mechanical arm rotate, and telescopic arm regulates oil cylinder 14 can control relative first slewing equipment 12 of telescopic arm 13 and face upward motion of bowing; Meanwhile, the second slewing equipment 15 can do 360 degree of rotations in the second working face, and large arm regulates oil cylinder 17 can control relative second slewing equipment 15 of large arm 16 and face upward motion of bowing; In addition, between forearm 18 and large arm 16 and be hinged between bucket 19 and forearm 18, all motion of bowing can be faced upward.The plane that the plane of spinning movement generation of the second slewing equipment 15 and the spinning movement of the first slewing equipment 12 occur is not parallel, the relatively independent motion of the first slewing equipment 12 and the second slewing equipment 15, also being provided with telescopic arm telescopic oil cylinder in simultaneous retractable arm 13 is the length regulating telescopic arm according to handling situations, in conjunction with the stretching motion of each oil cylinder, make the flexible movements of mechanical arm, make excavator when operation, job area is wider, omnibearing stereo operation up and down all around can be realized, do not need frequent mobile excavator car body, therefore digging efficiency is higher.
In the present embodiment, fastening devices 11 comprises portal frame 111, portal frame adjustable plate 112 and portal frame adjustment oil cylinder 113; Side and the portal frame 111 of portal frame adjustable plate 112 are hinged, and opposite side regulates oil cylinder 113 to be connected with portal frame 111 by portal frame.Portal frame regulates oil cylinder 113 and portal frame adjustable plate 112 mating reaction, and portal frame 111 regulates oil cylinder 113 to make portal frame adjustable plate 112 height by portal frame, operationally, enables mechanical arm regulate the height excavated according to actual conditions.
In the present embodiment, the first slewing equipment 12 is fixed on portal frame adjustable plate 112; The end face of the first slewing equipment 12 be provided with telescopic arm ear seat 121 and reinforce gusset 122, telescopic arm 13 utilizes connection pin to be fixed on telescopic arm ear seat 121; The end face of the first slewing equipment 12 is also provided with telescopic arm and regulates oil cylinder fixing base 123, the end of telescopic arm 13 is provided with telescopic arm and regulates oil cylinder to fix ear 131, and telescopic arm regulates the two ends of oil cylinder 14 to be connected to telescopic arm adjustment oil cylinder fixing base 123 and telescopic arm regulates oil cylinder to fix on ear 131.
Reinforce the stable connection that gusset 122 can ensure telescopic arm ear seat 121 and the first slewing equipment 12, ensure the stability of mechanical arm at root.Telescopic arm ear seat 121 forms the fulcrum of telescopic arm 13, and telescopic arm regulates oil cylinder 14 to act on telescopic arm and regulates oil cylinder to fix on ear 131, make telescopic arm 13 form a lever, can face upward motion of bowing in a big way.
In the present embodiment, bucket 19 is fixedly connected with forearm 18 by snap joint 20, and this connected mode is simple to operate is easy to operation, very easily bucket 19 can be replaced with hydraulic breaking hammer, complete the function of scaling jumbo.
Consult Fig. 2, the utility model also provides a kind of multifunctional excavator, the mechanical arm comprising the car body for walking and be fixed on car body; Mechanical arm comprises for mechanical arm being installed to fastening devices 11, first slewing equipment 12 on excavator car body, telescopic arm 13, telescopic arm regulate oil cylinder 14, second slewing equipment 15, large arm 16, large arm to regulate oil cylinder 17, forearm 18 and bucket 19; First slewing equipment 12 is arranged on the end face of fastening devices 11, one end and first slewing equipment 12 of telescopic arm 13 are hinged, telescopic arm regulates oil cylinder 14 to connect the first slewing equipment 12, the other end of telescopic arm 13 is fixedly connected with the second slewing equipment 15, and the plane that the plane of spinning movement generation of the second slewing equipment 15 and the spinning movement of the first slewing equipment 12 occur is not parallel; One end and second slewing equipment 15 of large arm 16 are hinged, and large arm regulates oil cylinder 17 to be connected between large arm 16 and the second slewing equipment 15; The other end and the forearm 18 of large arm 16 are hinged, and forearm 18 is hinged with bucket 19.
The excavator mechanical arm that the utility model provides, be provided with the first slewing equipment 12 and the second slewing equipment 15: wherein, first slewing equipment 12 can do 360 degree of rotations in the first working face, root and the telescopic arm 13 of driving mechanical arm rotate, and telescopic arm regulates oil cylinder 14 can control relative first slewing equipment 12 of telescopic arm 13 and face upward motion of bowing; Meanwhile, the second slewing equipment 15 can do 360 degree of rotations in the second working face, and large arm regulates oil cylinder 17 can control relative second slewing equipment 15 of large arm 16 and face upward motion of bowing; In addition, between forearm 18 and large arm 16 and be hinged between bucket 19 and forearm 18, all motion of bowing can be faced upward.The plane that the plane of spinning movement generation of the second slewing equipment 15 and the spinning movement of the first slewing equipment 12 occur is not parallel, the relatively independent motion of the first slewing equipment 12 and the second slewing equipment 15, also being provided with telescopic arm telescopic oil cylinder in simultaneous retractable arm 13 is the length regulating telescopic arm according to handling situations, in conjunction with the stretching motion of each oil cylinder, make the flexible movements of mechanical arm, make excavator when operation, job area is wider, omnibearing stereo operation up and down all around can be realized, do not need frequent mobile excavator car body, therefore digging efficiency is higher.
In the present embodiment, car body comprises chassis assembly 21, front shovel 22, operating desk 23 and carriage 24; The fastening devices 11 of mechanical arm, operating desk 23 and carriage 24 be arranged on chassis assembly 21, front shovel 22 is positioned at the front end of chassis assembly 21, and carriage 24 is connected with front shovel 22.Chassis assembly 21 moves for driving car load, and front shovel 22, for collecting the foreign material of bottom surface, is transferred to rear by carriage 24, and therefore during operation, practicality is very high.
These are only preferred embodiment of the present utility model; it should be pointed out that for those skilled in the art, under the prerequisite not departing from the utility model know-why; can also make some improvements and modifications, these improvements and modifications also should be considered as protection domain of the present utility model.

Claims (9)

1. an excavator mechanical arm, it is characterized in that, comprising for mechanical arm being installed to fastening devices on excavator car body, the first slewing equipment, telescopic arm, telescopic arm regulate oil cylinder, the second slewing equipment, large arm, large arm to regulate oil cylinder, forearm and bucket; Described first slewing equipment is arranged on the end face of fastening devices, one end and first slewing equipment of described telescopic arm are hinged, described telescopic arm regulates oil cylinder to connect the first slewing equipment, the other end of described telescopic arm is fixedly connected with the second slewing equipment, and the plane that the plane of spinning movement generation of described second slewing equipment and the spinning movement of the first slewing equipment occur is not parallel; One end and second slewing equipment of described large arm are hinged, and described large arm regulates oil cylinder to be connected between large arm and the second slewing equipment; The other end and the forearm of described large arm are hinged, described forearm and bucket hinged.
2. excavator mechanical arm according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described fastening devices comprises portal frame, portal frame adjustable plate and portal frame and regulates oil cylinder; Side and the portal frame of described portal frame adjustable plate are hinged, and opposite side regulates oil cylinder to be connected with portal frame by portal frame.
3. excavator mechanical arm according to claim 2, is characterized in that, described first slewing equipment is fixed on portal frame adjustable plate; The end face of described first slewing equipment be provided with telescopic arm ear seat and reinforce gusset, described telescopic arm utilizes connection pin to be fixed on telescopic arm ear seat; The end face of described first slewing equipment is also provided with telescopic arm and regulates oil cylinder fixing base, the end of described telescopic arm is provided with telescopic arm and regulates oil cylinder to fix ear, and described telescopic arm regulates the two ends of oil cylinder to be connected to telescopic arm adjustment oil cylinder fixing base and telescopic arm regulates oil cylinder to fix on ear.
4. excavator mechanical arm according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described bucket is fixedly connected with forearm by snap joint.
5. a multifunctional excavator, the mechanical arm comprising the car body for walking and be fixed on car body; It is characterized in that, described mechanical arm comprises for mechanical arm being installed to fastening devices on excavator car body, the first slewing equipment, telescopic arm, telescopic arm regulate oil cylinder, the second slewing equipment, large arm, large arm to regulate oil cylinder, forearm and bucket; Described first slewing equipment is arranged on the end face of fastening devices, one end and first slewing equipment of described telescopic arm are hinged, described telescopic arm regulates oil cylinder to connect the first slewing equipment, the other end of described telescopic arm is fixedly connected with the second slewing equipment, and the plane that the plane of spinning movement generation of described second slewing equipment and the spinning movement of the first slewing equipment occur is not parallel; One end and second slewing equipment of described large arm are hinged, and described large arm regulates oil cylinder to be connected between large arm and the second slewing equipment; The other end and the forearm of described large arm are hinged, described forearm and bucket hinged.
6. multifunctional excavator according to claim 5, is characterized in that, described car body comprises chassis assembly, front shovel, operating desk and carriage; The fastening devices of described mechanical arm, operating desk and carriage are arranged on chassis assembly, and described front shovel is positioned at the front end of chassis assembly, and described carriage is connected with front shovel.
7. multifunctional excavator according to claim 6, is characterized in that, described fastening devices comprises portal frame, portal frame adjustable plate and portal frame and regulates oil cylinder; Described portal frame is arranged on chassis assembly, and side and the portal frame of described portal frame adjustable plate are hinged, and opposite side regulates oil cylinder to be connected with portal frame by portal frame.
8. multifunctional excavator according to claim 7, is characterized in that, described first slewing equipment is fixed on portal frame adjustable plate; The end face of described first slewing equipment be provided with telescopic arm ear seat and reinforce gusset, described telescopic arm utilizes connection pin to be fixed on telescopic arm ear seat; The end face of described first slewing equipment is also provided with telescopic arm and regulates oil cylinder fixing base, the end of described telescopic arm is provided with telescopic arm and regulates oil cylinder to fix ear, and described telescopic arm regulates the two ends of oil cylinder to be connected to telescopic arm adjustment oil cylinder fixing base and telescopic arm regulates oil cylinder to fix on ear.
9. multifunctional excavator according to claim 5, is characterized in that, described bucket is fixedly connected with forearm by snap joint.
CN201520984912.7U 2015-11-26 2015-11-26 Excavator robotic arm and multi -functional excavator Active CN205224134U (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106120891A (en) * 2016-08-22 2016-11-16 南京理工大学 Multifunction manipulator
CN108118739A (en) * 2016-06-23 2018-06-05 泉州泉港润美环保科技有限公司 A kind of irrigation canals and ditches conserve all-in-one machine executive device
CN109264424A (en) * 2018-09-13 2019-01-25 山东大学 A kind of scraper bowl chain-plate type dregs transmission device and its working method

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108118739A (en) * 2016-06-23 2018-06-05 泉州泉港润美环保科技有限公司 A kind of irrigation canals and ditches conserve all-in-one machine executive device
CN106120891A (en) * 2016-08-22 2016-11-16 南京理工大学 Multifunction manipulator
CN106120891B (en) * 2016-08-22 2018-07-03 南京理工大学 Multifunction manipulator
CN109264424A (en) * 2018-09-13 2019-01-25 山东大学 A kind of scraper bowl chain-plate type dregs transmission device and its working method

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