CN205222951U - Rural domestic sewage integrated processing system - Google Patents

Rural domestic sewage integrated processing system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN205222951U
CN205222951U CN201520965466.5U CN201520965466U CN205222951U CN 205222951 U CN205222951 U CN 205222951U CN 201520965466 U CN201520965466 U CN 201520965466U CN 205222951 U CN205222951 U CN 205222951U
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China
Prior art keywords
biological filter
water
particle diameter
artificial swamp
layer
Prior art date
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CN201520965466.5U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
陈小峰
张启超
张玥
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江苏和合水环境有限公司
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Priority to CN201520965466.5U priority Critical patent/CN205222951U/en
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Publication of CN205222951U publication Critical patent/CN205222951U/en

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Abstract

The utility model relates to a rural domestic sewage integrated processing system, the biological filter and the constructed wetland that have boilogical filter including grid well, packing, biological filter and constructed wetland all are equipped with water inlet and delivery port, the outlet of sewer of grid well and the water inlet of biological filter intercommunication, the delivery port of biological filter and constructed wetland's water inlet intercommunication, the water after the source reason is arranged to constructed wetland's delivery port, flexible filler or combined packing fill in the biological filter, be equipped with matrix in the constructed wetland, matrix upwards is particle diameter 30 -50mm's gravel layer, particle diameter 15 -30mm's haydite layer, particle diameter 8 -10mm's boilogical filter layer and particle diameter 0.2 -5mm's no mud coarse sand layer certainly down in proper order, be equipped with the composite geomembrane who is used for the prevention of seepage between matrix and the constructed wetland inner wall. This system be suitable for the rural village and the effect of disposing of sewage stable, can reduce substantially the foul smell and distribute and multiply etc. With the mosquitos and flies.

Description

Domestic sewage in rural areas total system
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of domestic sewage in rural areas total system, belongs to sanitary sewage disposal technical field.
Background technology
Along with the fast development of rural economy, rural comprehensive wastewater discharge increases gradually, and Rural areas environmental aspect is gone from bad to worse, and environmental quality obviously declines, directly threaten the living environment of the vast farmers masses and healthy, constrain the sound development of rural economy.The sanitary sewage that rural area, the whole nation produces every year about has more than 80 hundred million tons, only has the village of 4% can carry out degraded to sanitary sewage and disposes.Sanitary sewage arbitrarily discharges is the major cause causing Rural Water Environment to pollute, the severe contamination ecotope in rural area, directly threatens the Economic development in the healthy and rural area of the vast farmers masses.
China's domestic sewage in rural areas has following characteristics: (1) disperses, distribution area is large.The Characteristics of Geographical Distribution of village dispersion causes sewage to disperse, and is difficult to collect.(2) source range is carried out wide.Except the sewage produced from human faecal mass, kitchen, household cleaning, domestic refuse is also had to stack diafiltration and the sewage that produces.(3) rate of growth is fast.Along with the raising of life of farmers level and the change of life in the countryside mode, the generation of sanitary sewage also increases thereupon.(4) processing efficiency is low.For the rural pollution situation of Lishui, annual whole city rural people fecaluria produces total amount about 1,800,000 tons, and the amount through septic tank process is about 23.03 ten thousand tons, and processing rate is only 12.9%.
The shortcomings such as the Main Patterns of traditional rural domestic sewage treatment has: 1) build traditional septic tank, and traditional septic tank exists organics removal ability, do not meet hygienic standard, regularly takes out excrement, traffic capacity is large, management inconvenience.2) build a methane generating pit, build a large amount of methane-generating pit, but methane-generating pit affects by temperature comparatively large on the processing efficiency of comprehensive wastewater, the waste water that peasant household produces is all direct discharge.
The treatment technology that current domestic and international application domestic sewage in rural areas is administered is many, title is also varied, but from technological principle, usually can be classified as two classes: the first kind is nature treatment system, utilize that soil filters, the principle of plant absorption and microbial decomposition, be also called ecological treatment system; Equations of The Second Kind is biological treatment system, can be divided into Aerobic biological process and anaerobic biological treatment again.But be the problem that nature treatment system or biological treatment system all exist that technology is single, treatment effect is unstable, simultaneously process range is also restricted, easy emitting offensive odor and grow mosquitos and flies.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this utility model is: the defect overcoming above-mentioned prior art, proposes a kind ofly to be suitable for village, rural area and treatment effect is stablized, significantly can reduce foul smell distributes the sanitary sewage total system grown with mosquitos and flies.
In order to solve the problems of the technologies described above, the technical scheme that the present invention proposes is: a kind of domestic sewage in rural areas total system, comprise the grille well be communicated with domestic sewage in rural areas pipe network, the biological filter being filled with biofilter material and artificial swamp, described biological filter and artificial swamp are equipped with water-in and water outlet; The sewage outlet of described grille well is communicated with the water-in of biological filter, and the water outlet of described biological filter is communicated with the water-in of artificial swamp, and the water outlet of described artificial swamp discharges the water after processing; Elastic filler or combined stuffing is filled with in described biological filter; Be provided with matrix in described artificial swamp, described matrix is divided into four layers, bottom-up gravel bed, the haydite layer of particle diameter 15-30mm, the biological filter bed of material of particle diameter 8-10mm and the particle diameter 0.2-5mm being followed successively by particle diameter 30-50mm without mud coarse sands layer; Be provided with the composite geo-membrane for antiseepage between described matrix and artificial swamp inwall, described composite geo-membrane is by layer of plastic film and is positioned at described the non-woven fabric compounded of plastics film both sides and makes.
In the utility model, the preferred tap density of the described biological filter bed of material is 600-1200g/cm 3micropore biological filter material layer.
The beneficial effect that the utility model brings is: the utility model has a very wide distribution for domestic sewage in rural areas and feature at the bottom of prior art processing efficiency, adopt the mode that biological filter+artificial swamp is combined, be highly suitable for the sewage disposal in village, rural area, the organic sewage of higher concentration can be adapted to, and there is strong shock resistance, treatment effect is stablized, the advantages such as the low and pipeline easy maintenance of running cost, and the waterplant of artificial swamp can be beautified the environment, and increase diversity of organism, overcome easy emitting offensive odor and the defect of growing mosquitos and flies in prior art.The utility model treatment effect is good, and the water outlet after general sanitary sewage disposal can reach one-level the B even level of one-level A.
The further improvement of technique scheme is: be provided with between described grille well and biological filter for carrying out the equalizing tank all processed with adjustment to sewage.The object that described equalizing tank carries out well-balanced adjustment is the contradiction of the stabilizing water quantity that requires of change and wastewater treatment equipment in order to solve amount of inlet water and water quality and water quality, comprises simple water quantity exchange and water quality is balanced.Water quantity exchange is mainly from the size of the water yield, ensure that the water yield entering biological filter reaches certain degree of stability, water quality equilibrium be waste water when making concentration height low with concentration time waste water mix, the waste water of inflow biological filter is made to be no more than a certain suitable concentration, to ensure that biological filter normally works.
Improving further again of technique scheme is: the pond base fabric of described biological filter is provided with multiple aeration head.In pond, aeration head established by base fabric, and by gas blower for biological filter provides sufficient oxygen, can, under aerobic and aerobic-anaerobic microbe effect, be CO by organic matter degradation most of in sewage 2and H 2o.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the utility model is further described.
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the utility model embodiment.
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of artificial swamp in Fig. 1.
Embodiment
Embodiment
As depicted in figs. 1 and 2, the domestic sewage in rural areas total system of the present embodiment comprises the grille well 1 be communicated with domestic sewage in rural areas pipe network, the biological filter 2 being filled with biofilter material and artificial swamp 3, and biological filter 2 and artificial swamp 3 are equipped with water-in and water outlet; The sewage outlet of grille well 1 is communicated with the water-in of biological filter 2, and the water outlet of biological filter 2 is communicated with the water-in of artificial swamp 3, and the water outlet of artificial swamp 3 discharges the water after processing; Elastic filler or combined stuffing is filled with in biological filter 2; Matrix is provided with in artificial swamp 3, matrix is divided into four layers, bottom-up be followed successively by particle diameter 30-50mm gravel bed 3-4, the haydite layer 3-5 of particle diameter 15-30mm, the biological filter bed of material 3-6 of particle diameter 8-10mm and particle diameter 0.2-5mm without mud coarse sands layer 3-7, matrix is planted and is implanted with emergent 3-2 (the colored and/or mullet of preferred wilson iris, again power is careless); Be provided with the composite geo-membrane 3-3 for antiseepage between the pool wall 3-1 of matrix and artificial swamp, composite geo-membrane 3-3 is by layer of plastic film and is positioned at the non-woven fabric compounded of plastics film both sides and makes.
The elastic filler of filling in biological filter 2 in the present embodiment or combined stuffing are existing filler, wherein elastic filler can obtain more and more large specific surface area in operational process, and combined stuffing is development on the basis of soft-filler and semi soft packing, it has both advantage concurrently, aqueous vapor microbial film can be made fully to be exchanged, the organism in water is efficiently processed.
In the present embodiment, composite geo-membrane 3-3 is using plastics film as antiseepage base material, and with non-woven fabric compounded seepage by geo-textile material, its barrier performance depends primarily on the barrier performance of plastics film.Plastics film can adopt polyvinyl chloride (PVC) and polyethylene (PE), and they are a kind of polymer chemistry flexible materialss, and proportion is less, extensibility is comparatively strong, and adaptive deformation ability is high, corrosion-resistant, low temperature resistant, good frost resistance, the thickness of film is generally 0.30-2.00mm.Dominant mechanism cuts off earth dam leak paths with the watertightness of plastics film, and the tensile strength larger with it and unit elongation bear hydraulic pressure and adapt to dam deformation.And non-woven fabrics is also a kind of macromolecular fibre chemical material, by acupuncture or hot sticky shaping, there is higher tensile strength and extensibility.After it is combined with plastics film, not only increase tensile strength and the puncture resistant ability of plastics film, and due to nonwoven surface coarse, increase the frictional coefficient of contact surface, be conducive to the stable of composite geo-membrane and protective layer.Meanwhile, they have good erosion resistance to bacterium and chemical action, the erosion of have good effect in acid, alkali, salt.
In the present embodiment, the pool wall 3-1 of artificial swamp adopts rammed earth to make, the gravel thickness 3-4 arranged in it is 200mm, haydite layer 3-5 is thick is 100mm, biological filter bed of material 3-6 is thick is 200mm, without mud coarse sands layer 3-7 thick be 200mm, wherein the preferred tap density of biological filter bed of material 3-6 is 600-1200g/cm 3micropore biological filter material layer (such as volcanic rock biological filter material layer).Certainly, also according to actual condition, the other forms of biological filter bed of material can be selected.
The present embodiment can also do following improvement: 1) be provided with between grille well 1 and biological filter 2 for carrying out the equalizing tank 4 all processed with adjustment to sewage.The object that equalizing tank 4 carries out well-balanced adjustment is the contradiction of the stabilizing water quantity that requires of change and wastewater treatment equipment in order to solve amount of inlet water and water quality and water quality, comprises simple water quantity exchange and water quality is balanced.Water quantity exchange is mainly from the size of the water yield, ensure that the water yield entering biological filter reaches certain degree of stability, water quality equilibrium be waste water when making concentration height low with concentration time waste water mix, the waste water of inflow biological filter is made to be no more than a certain suitable concentration, to ensure that biological filter normally works.
2) the pond base fabric of biological filter 2 is provided with multiple aeration head (not shown).Sufficient oxygen is provided for the aeration head air feed at the bottom of pond thus for biological filter like this by gas blower 5.
The domestic sewage in rural areas that pipe network is collected in use, is first introduced grille well 1, the rubbish in filtering waste water and large granular impurity by the present embodiment, timing outward transport; Secondly the water outlet of grille well 1 being carried out all processing with adjustment through introducing equalizing tank 4, sewage being mixed, makes its water yield and water quality all keep stable, for follow-up water treatment provides an operational condition stablized and optimize; Again the water outlet of equalizing tank 4 being introduced biological filter 2 through pipeline self, and provide sufficient oxygen by gas blower 5 for the aeration head air feed at the bottom of pond thus for biological filter, under aerobic and aerobic-anaerobic microbe effect, is CO by organic matter degradation most of in sewage 2and H 2o; Finally the water outlet of biological filter 2 is introduced artificial swamp 3 through pipeline to purify again, enable water outlet qualified discharge.
The utility model is not limited to the concrete technical scheme described in above-described embodiment, and in addition to the implementation, the utility model can also have other embodiments.All employings are equal to the technical scheme of replacement or equivalent transformation formation, all drop on the protection domain of the utility model requirement.

Claims (4)

1. a domestic sewage in rural areas total system, is characterized in that: comprise the grille well be communicated with domestic sewage in rural areas pipe network, the biological filter being filled with biofilter material and artificial swamp, described biological filter and artificial swamp are equipped with water-in and water outlet; The sewage outlet of described grille well is communicated with the water-in of biological filter, and the water outlet of described biological filter is communicated with the water-in of artificial swamp, and the water outlet of described artificial swamp discharges the water after processing; Elastic filler or combined stuffing is filled with in described biological filter; Be provided with matrix in described artificial swamp, described matrix is divided into four layers, bottom-up gravel bed, the haydite layer of particle diameter 15-30mm, the biological filter bed of material of particle diameter 8-10mm and the particle diameter 0.2-5mm being followed successively by particle diameter 30-50mm without mud coarse sands layer; Be provided with the composite geo-membrane for antiseepage between described matrix and artificial swamp inwall, described composite geo-membrane is by layer of plastic film and is positioned at described the non-woven fabric compounded of plastics film both sides and makes.
2. domestic sewage in rural areas total system according to claim 1, is characterized in that: be provided with between described grille well and biological filter for carrying out the equalizing tank all processed with adjustment to sewage.
3. domestic sewage in rural areas total system according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the pond base fabric of described biological filter is provided with multiple aeration head.
4. domestic sewage in rural areas total system according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the described biological filter bed of material is tap density is 600-1200g/cm 3micropore biological filter material layer.
CN201520965466.5U 2015-11-27 2015-11-27 Rural domestic sewage integrated processing system CN205222951U (en)

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Cited By (14)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106630485A (en) * 2016-12-14 2017-05-10 苏州润弘贸易有限公司 Rural domestic sewage comprehensive treatment method
CN106673374A (en) * 2016-12-14 2017-05-17 苏州润弘贸易有限公司 Method for combined electrolysis and artificial wetland treatment of rural domestic sewage
CN106746358A (en) * 2016-12-14 2017-05-31 苏州润弘贸易有限公司 A kind of new village domestic sewage processing method
CN106830511A (en) * 2016-12-14 2017-06-13 苏州润弘贸易有限公司 The treatment method for rural sewage that kinds of processes is combined
CN106830509A (en) * 2016-12-14 2017-06-13 苏州润弘贸易有限公司 Comprehensive organism filter tank and the method for artificial wetland treatment domestic sewage in rural areas
CN106830510A (en) * 2016-12-14 2017-06-13 苏州润弘贸易有限公司 The method of joint chemistry and biological treatment domestic sewage in rural areas
CN106830514A (en) * 2016-12-14 2017-06-13 苏州润弘贸易有限公司 Treatment method for rural sewage
CN106830507A (en) * 2016-12-14 2017-06-13 苏州润弘贸易有限公司 The method for processing domestic sewage in rural areas using artificial swamp and ecological pond
CN106830508A (en) * 2016-12-14 2017-06-13 苏州润弘贸易有限公司 The good treatment method for rural sewage of effect
CN106830512A (en) * 2016-12-14 2017-06-13 苏州润弘贸易有限公司 Domestic sewage in rural areas biological electricity solution combination treatment method
CN106865885A (en) * 2016-12-14 2017-06-20 苏州润弘贸易有限公司 Treatment method for rural sewage
CN106865886A (en) * 2016-12-14 2017-06-20 苏州润弘贸易有限公司 The method that combination kinds of processes processes domestic sewage in rural areas
CN106882874A (en) * 2016-12-14 2017-06-23 苏州润弘贸易有限公司 The method that joint artificial swamp and ecological pond process country sewage
CN106892534A (en) * 2016-12-14 2017-06-27 苏州润弘贸易有限公司 The method that novel integrated processes domestic sewage in rural areas

Cited By (14)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106630485A (en) * 2016-12-14 2017-05-10 苏州润弘贸易有限公司 Rural domestic sewage comprehensive treatment method
CN106673374A (en) * 2016-12-14 2017-05-17 苏州润弘贸易有限公司 Method for combined electrolysis and artificial wetland treatment of rural domestic sewage
CN106746358A (en) * 2016-12-14 2017-05-31 苏州润弘贸易有限公司 A kind of new village domestic sewage processing method
CN106830511A (en) * 2016-12-14 2017-06-13 苏州润弘贸易有限公司 The treatment method for rural sewage that kinds of processes is combined
CN106830509A (en) * 2016-12-14 2017-06-13 苏州润弘贸易有限公司 Comprehensive organism filter tank and the method for artificial wetland treatment domestic sewage in rural areas
CN106830510A (en) * 2016-12-14 2017-06-13 苏州润弘贸易有限公司 The method of joint chemistry and biological treatment domestic sewage in rural areas
CN106830514A (en) * 2016-12-14 2017-06-13 苏州润弘贸易有限公司 Treatment method for rural sewage
CN106830507A (en) * 2016-12-14 2017-06-13 苏州润弘贸易有限公司 The method for processing domestic sewage in rural areas using artificial swamp and ecological pond
CN106830508A (en) * 2016-12-14 2017-06-13 苏州润弘贸易有限公司 The good treatment method for rural sewage of effect
CN106830512A (en) * 2016-12-14 2017-06-13 苏州润弘贸易有限公司 Domestic sewage in rural areas biological electricity solution combination treatment method
CN106865885A (en) * 2016-12-14 2017-06-20 苏州润弘贸易有限公司 Treatment method for rural sewage
CN106865886A (en) * 2016-12-14 2017-06-20 苏州润弘贸易有限公司 The method that combination kinds of processes processes domestic sewage in rural areas
CN106882874A (en) * 2016-12-14 2017-06-23 苏州润弘贸易有限公司 The method that joint artificial swamp and ecological pond process country sewage
CN106892534A (en) * 2016-12-14 2017-06-27 苏州润弘贸易有限公司 The method that novel integrated processes domestic sewage in rural areas

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