CN205219751U - Move jar and spread powder formula 3D printer - Google Patents

Move jar and spread powder formula 3D printer Download PDF

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Publication number
CN205219751U
CN205219751U CN201520980289.8U CN201520980289U CN205219751U CN 205219751 U CN205219751 U CN 205219751U CN 201520980289 U CN201520980289 U CN 201520980289U CN 205219751 U CN205219751 U CN 205219751U
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cylinder
powder
sintering
forming
curing
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CN201520980289.8U
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Chinese (zh)
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党金行
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党金行
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Abstract

Move jar and spread powder formula 3D printer belongs to the vibration material disk field, this printer dust hopper is fixed, and the dust hopper lower part is equipped with and is spread the powder scraper, makes and supply the powder, spreads powder device of the becoming one structure, in the time of below the opening that the shaping jar was retreated, dust hopper A is placed in to its one -tenth die cavity, because the piston is down, the shaping jar has the space, and whitewashed abdominal cavity midstream with regard to from dust hopper A advances the shaping jar for use, is equivalent to that the confession is whitewashed, when the shaping jar advanced, the powder for use that the shaping jar will flow into above it was taken away, because there is the scraper dust hopper A's below, the scraper has formed relative motion with the shaping jar, makes the pruinescence for use above the shaping jar wipe off, is equivalent to and spreads the powder, accomplishing and spreading the powder back, sintering (or gu hua) device is started working, carries out sintering (or guhua) in the region that needs sintering (or guhua) to powder for use, after sintering (or gu hua) was accomplished, the primary circulation had been accomplished to the printer promptly, and the shaping jar is retreated once more, and the circulation begins once more, repeat is exactly the printing process of 3D printer so many times, simple structure, high efficiency.

Description

动缸铺粉式3D打印机 Cylinder 3D printer dusting formula

技术领域 FIELD

[0001]本实用新型涉及增材制造领域,尤其是“分层制造、逐层叠加”而形成工件的3D打印机。 [0001] The present invention relates to the field of additive manufacturing, especially the "layered manufacturing, layer by layer superposition" formed workpiece 3D printer.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002]采用不同的材料、或不同的成型工艺,3D打印机的结构和原理也有所不同,逐层铺粉烧结成型、或逐层铺粉固化成型的3D打印机,是目前结构较为成熟的3D打印机之一,包括金属粉和非金属粉3D打印机。 [0002] The use of different materials, or different molding process, the structure and principle of 3D printers are different, sintering powder spreading layer by layer, or layer by layer dusting Curing 3D printers, the structure is more mature 3D printer one, comprising a metal powder and nonmetal powder 3D printer. 图1、图2是3D打印机示意图,通常其主要结构由供粉装置1、铺粉刮刀装置7、成型缸系统6、烧结、或固化装置8、收粉腔5以及控制系统、冷却和气循环系统等构成;打印零件的步骤主要有三步,第一步:送粉;供粉装置I将粉料送到铺粉刮刀装置7的刮刀前面。 FIG 1, FIG 2 is a 3D printer schematic, typically the main structure of the toner supply 6, sintering, or curing apparatus 8 apparatus 1, powder spreading blade means 7, forming cylinder system, powder collecting chamber 5 and a control system, a cooling gas circulation system and the like; step of printing parts are mainly three steps, the first step: feeding powder; powder supply device I dusting powder to the front of the doctor blade 7 apparatus. 第二步:铺粉;铺粉刮刀装置7的刮刀水平移动,将待用粉2铺平。 Second step: powder spreading; doctor blade dusting horizontal movement device 7, the stand 2 powder paving. 第三步:烧结(或固化);烧结(或固化)装置8工作,将实用粉料烧结(或固化)。 The third step: sintering (or curing); sintering (or curing) the working means 8, the sintered powder utility (or cured). 实际中,这三步是机器长时间重复循环的工作过程,在这一过程中,任意一次出现问题,所打印的零件就会报废;当前公知的供粉、铺粉装置结构复杂、占用空间大,效率低、还存有供粉不可靠等问题。 In practice, this three-step cycle is repeated machine for a long working process, in this process, problems arise any time, the printed part will be scrapped; currently known for the powder, powder spreading device configuration complex, large space low efficiency, there is also a problem for the powder are not reliable.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0003]为了解决现有3D打印机存在的上述问题,本实用新型提供一种动缸铺粉式3D打印机,该打印机粉箱固定,粉箱下部装有铺粉刮刀,通过成型缸的移动自取粉料、并铺平,结构简单。 [0003] In order to solve the above problems present in the conventional 3D printers, the present invention provides a powder-type cylinder 3D printer which is fixed powder box, a lower dusting powder box with a blade, moving through the forming cylinder Pickup powder and pave the simple structure.

[0004]本实用新型采取的技术方案是:活塞(3)置于成型缸(13)的腹中,通过竖电机(12)驱动、能够上下运行;成型缸(13)通过导轨(10)与机架(100)连接,成型缸(13)通过横电机 [0004] The present invention is adopted technical solution: a piston (3) is placed in the cylinder forming the belly (13), (12) driven by vertical motor can run up and down; forming cylinder (13) by the guide rail (10) and rack (100), forming a cylinder (13) by cross-machine

(15)驱动、能够前后运行,缸凸缘(14)是成型缸(13)的上端法兰,缸凸缘(14)的上面是足够大的平面;所述铺粉装置由粉箱A(1l)和刮刀(9)构成,粉箱A(1l)在成型缸(13)的上方、固装在机架(100)上,粉箱A(1l)的下方设有开口,粉箱A(1l)下方开口处的唇边镶装有刮刀(9),粉箱A(1l)下方的开口、以及刮刀(9)的下刃与缸凸缘(14)的上面无缝连接,粉箱A (15) driving, running backward and forward, the cylinder flange (14) is a shaped cylinder (13) of the upper flange, the flange above the cylinder (14) is sufficiently large plane; means a powder the powder-box A ( 1L) and the blade (9), and powder box a (1L) over the forming cylinder (13), fixed mounted on the frame (100), below the powder box a (1L) provided with an opening, the powder box a ( 1L) equipped with the opening of the lower lip insert blade (9), a powder box (1L) seamlessly connected above the lower opening, and a blade (9) of the lower edge of the cylinder flange (14), the powder box a

(101)下方的开口、以及刮刀(9)的下刃与缸凸缘(14)的上面能够相对滑动,粉箱A(1l)的腹腔中存储有待用粉(2),烧结(或固化)装置(8)在成型缸(13)的上方、固装在机架(100)上;当成型缸(13)后退、其成型腔置于粉箱A(1l)的开口下方时,由于活塞(3)下行,成型缸(13)存有空隙,待用粉(2)就从粉箱A(1l)的腹腔中流进成型缸(13),相当于供粉;当成型缸(13)前进时,成型缸(13)将流入其上面的待用粉(2)取走,由于粉箱A(1l)的下方有刮刀 (101) above the lower opening, and a blade (9) under the edge flange of the cylinder (14) capable of relative sliding powder box A (1l) to be stored in the abdominal cavity with powder (2), sintered (or cured) means (8) over the forming cylinder (13), fixed mounted on the frame (100); when the forming cylinder (13) retracted, opening the molding cavity disposed below the powder box a (1l) of the piston ( 3) downward, forming a cylinder (13) there voids, powder stand (2) into the molding cylinder (13) from the powder tank a (1l) flows intraperitoneal, corresponding to the toner supply; when forming cylinder (13) proceeds when molding the cylinder (13) thereon inflow inactive powder (2) is removed, since the bottom of the powder box a (1l) are blade

(9),刮刀(9)与成型缸(13)形成了相对运动,使成型缸(13)上面的待用粉(2)被刮平,相当于铺粉;完成铺粉后,烧结(或固化)装置(8)开始工作,在需要烧结(或固化)的区域对待用粉(2)进行烧结(或固化);烧结(或固化)完成后,即打印机完成了一次循环,成型缸(13)再次后退,循环再次开始,如此多次重复,就是3D打印机的打印过程。 (9), the blade (9) and the forming cylinder (13) forms a relative movement of the forming cylinder (13) The above powder stand (2) is leveled, equivalent dusting; After completion of the powder-sintered (or curing) means (8) operates the required sintering (or curing) the area treated is sintered (or cured) with powder (2); sintering (or cured) after the completion, i.e. the printer to complete the cycle, forming a cylinder (13 ) back again, and the cycle begins again, and so repeatedly, is the printing process 3D printer.

[0005]本实用新型的有益效果是通过成型缸的移动完成取粉、铺粉,使供粉、铺粉装置成为一体化结构,速度快、效率高。 [0005] The beneficial effects of the present invention is accomplished by moving the cylinder take powder molding, powder spreading, so that for the powder, powder spreading device become an integrated structure, high speed and high efficiency.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0006]图1是原有3D打印机主机剖视示意图。 [0006] FIG. 1 is a cross-sectional view of the original 3D printer host FIG.

[0007]图2是图1的A_A#lj视不意图。 [0007] FIG. 2 is a view A_A # lj FIG. 1 is not intended.

[0008]图3是一种动缸铺粉式3D打印机结构示意图-铺粉状态。 [0008] FIG. 3 is a cylinder-type 3D dusting schematic structure of a printer - dusting state.

[0009]图4是图3的刮刀部位局部放大示意图。 [0009] FIG. 4 is a view of a blade portion 3 a partial enlarged view.

[0010]图5是图3的另一状态结构示意图-烧结(或固化)状态。 [0010] FIG. 5 is a schematic structural diagram of another state of 3 - sintering (or cured) state.

[0011 ]图6是成型缸与烧结(或固化)装置联动式3D打印机结构示意图。 [0011] FIG. 6 is a schematic 3D printer device linkage structure forming a cylinder and sintering (or cured).

[0012]图7是双成型缸、双铺粉、单烧结(或固化)装置的3D打印机结构示意图。 [0012] FIG. 7 is a two part cylinder, double powder spreading, a schematic structure of a single sintering 3D printer (or curing) of the device.

[0013]图8是多成型缸、多铺粉、多烧结(或固化)装置的3D打印机结构示意图。 [0013] FIG. 8 is a multi-cylinder shaped, multi-powder spreading, multi-sintered (or curable) means a 3D structural schematic view of the printer.

[0014]图9是图8的BB剖视示意图。 [0014] FIG. 9 is a BB cross-sectional view of FIG. 8.

[0015]图10是多成型缸、单铺粉、单烧结(或固化)装置的3D打印机结构示意图。 [0015] FIG. 10 is a multi-part cylinder, a single shop powder sintering mono (or curable) means a 3D structural schematic view of the printer.

[0016]图11是图10的CC剖视示意图。 [0016] FIG. 11 is a schematic cross-sectional view CC of FIG. 10.

[0017]图12带主轴头装置的3D打印机结构示意图。 [0017] 3D structural diagram of the printer 12 with a spindle head device.

[0018]图13是活塞联动式结构示意图。 [0018] FIG. 13 is a schematic view of a piston interlocking structure.

[0019]图中:1.供粉装置,2.待用粉,3.活塞,4.工件,5.收粉腔,6.成型缸系统,7.铺粉刮刀装置,8.烧结(或固化)装置,9.刮刀,10.导轨,12.竖电机,13.成型缸,14.缸凸缘,15.横电机,100.机架,101.粉箱A,102.待用粉A,103.活塞A,104.工件A,109.刮刀A,112.竖电机八,113.成型缸4,114.缸凸缘4,115.横电机六,201.粉箱8,202.待用粉8,203.活塞8,204.工件B,209.刮刀B,210.导轨B,212.竖电机B,213.成型缸B,214.缸凸缘B,215.横电机B,301.粉箱C,302.待用粉C,303.活塞C,304.工件C,309.刮刀C,311.回转柱C,312.竖电机C,317.刀具,318.动力头,319.导轨G,320.电机G,321.滑板,322.滑枕,404.工件D,514.缸端面E,614.缸端面F,703.活塞G,712.竖电机G,716.连接板G。 [0019] FIG.:........ A powder supply device, powder stand 2, a piston 3, a workpiece 4, 5 powder collecting chamber 6 forming cylinder system, powder spreading blade means 7, 8 sintering (or curing) means 9. scraper, 10 rail, 12 vertical motor 13 forming the cylinder 14 The cylinder flange, 15 horizontal motor 100. rack 101. A powder box, 102. A stand powder , 103 piston A, 104. workpiece A, 109. scraper A, 112. eight vertical motors, 113. cylinder shaped 4,114. 4,115 cylinder flange. six cross-machine, 201. 8,202 powder box. be powders 8,203. 8,204 piston workpiece B, 209. scraper B, 210. rail B, 212. vertical machine B, 213. forming cylinder B, 214. cylinder flange B, 215. cross-machine B, 301 . powder box C, 302. standby powder C, 303. The piston C, 304. workpiece C, 309. scraper C, 311. rotary column C, 312. vertical motor C, 317. cutter 318. powerhead, 319. G rails, 320.. motor G, 321. skateboard, 322 ram, 404 workpiece D, 514. cylinder end surface E, 614. cylinder end surface F, 703. piston G, 712. motor vertical G, 716. webs G .

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0020]如图3〜13所示,动缸铺粉式3D打印机包括机架(100 )、烧结(或固化)装置(8 )、成型缸系统、铺粉装置和减材加工系统;其中机架(100)是机器底座和机器躯体的总称,机架 [0020] As shown, the cylinder of formula dusting 3D printer comprising a frame (100), sintering (or cured) means (8), shaped cylinder system, and a powder spreading device Save 3~13 wood processing system; wherein the machine frame (100) and the machine base is a general term for the machine body, the rack

(100)固定不动,烧结(或固化)装置(8)在成型缸(13)的上方、固装在机架(100)上。 (100) stationary, sintering (or cured) means (8) over the forming cylinder (13), fixed mounted on the frame (100).

[0021 ]如图3、图4、图5所示,是本发明一实施例;所述成型缸系统由成型缸(13 )、活塞(3)、竖电机(12)、导轨(10)、横电机(15)和缸凸缘(14)构成,活塞(3)置于成型缸(13)的腹中,通过竖电机(12)驱动、能够上下运行;所述铺粉装置由粉箱A(1l)和刮刀(9)构成,粉箱A(1l)在成型缸(13)的上方、固装在机架(100)上,粉箱A(1l)的腹腔中存储有待用粉(2);其特点是:成型缸(13)通过导轨(10)与机架(100)连接,成型缸(13)通过横电机(15)驱动、能够前后运行,缸凸缘(14)是成型缸(13)的上端法兰,缸凸缘(14)的上面是足够大的平面;粉箱A(1l)的下方设有开口,粉箱A(1l)下方开口处的唇边镶装有刮刀(9),粉箱A(1l)下方的开口、以及刮刀(9)的下刃与缸凸缘(14)的上面无缝连接,粉箱A(1l)下方的开口、以及刮刀(9)的下刃与缸凸缘(14)的上面能够相对滑动;当成型缸(13)后退、其成型腔置于粉箱A(1l)的开口 [0021] FIG. 3, FIG. 4, FIG. 5, is an embodiment of the present invention; the system formed by the cylinder forming the cylinder (13), a piston (3), the vertical motor (12), the guide rail (10), horizontal motor (15) and the cylinder flange (14), a piston (3) is placed in the cylinder forming the belly (13), driven by the vertical motor (12), capable of running up and down; means a powder the powder-box a (1L) and the blade (9), and powder box a (1l) over the forming cylinder (13), fixed mounted on the frame (100), powder boxes a (1l) to be stored in the abdominal cavity with powder (2 ); characterized by: forming a cylinder (13) connected by the guide rail (10) with the frame (100), a drive (15) by forming a cross-machine cylinder (13), capable of moving back and forth, the cylinder flange (14) is a shaped cylinder (13) of the upper flange, the flange above the cylinder (14) is sufficiently large plane; downward powder box a (1l) is provided with an opening, with the blade insert lip powder box a (1l) below the opening (9), the powder box a (1l) seamlessly connected above the lower opening, and a blade (9) of the lower edge of the cylinder flange (14), below the opening of the powder box a (1l), and a blade (9) upper edge and the lower cylinder flange (14) capable of relative sliding movement; shaped opening when the cylinder (13) back, which is placed in the powder cavity forming box a (1l) of 下方时,由于活塞(3)下行,成型缸(13)存有空隙,待用粉(2)就从粉箱A Beneath, since the piston (3) downward, forming a cylinder (13) there voids stand powder (2) from the dust box A

(101)的腹腔中流进成型缸(13),相当于供粉;当成型缸(13)前进时,成型缸(13)将流入其上面的待用粉(2)取走,由于粉箱A(1l)的下方有刮刀(9),刮刀(9)与成型缸(13)形成了相对运动,使成型缸(13)上面的待用粉(2)被刮平,相当于铺粉;完成铺粉后,烧结(或固化)装置(8)开始工作,在需要烧结(或固化)的区域对待用粉(2)进行烧结(或固化);烧结(或固化)完成后,即打印机完成了一次循环,成型缸(13)再次后退,循环再次开始,如此多次重复,就是3D打印机的打印过程。 Intraperitoneal (101) flows into the forming cylinder (13), corresponding to powder supply; when molding the cylinder (13) advances, forming a cylinder (13) thereon inflow inactive powder (2) is removed, since the dust box with a blade (9) under the a (1l), the blade (9) and the forming cylinder (13) forms a relative movement of the forming cylinder (13) the above powder stand (2) is leveled, the equivalent of powder spreading; after completion of the powder-sintered (or cured) means (8) operates treated powders in the required sintering (or curing) of the region (2) is sintered (or curing); post-sintering (or curing) is completed, i.e., the printer is completed a loop, forming a cylinder (13) back again, and the cycle begins again, and so repeatedly, is the printing process 3D printer.

[0022]如图6所示,是本发明的第二实施例;目前公知的3D打印机在烧结(或固化)时,成型缸(13)是静止不动的,烧结(或固化)装置(8)通过自身的两坐标轴联动,对成型缸(13)上面需要烧结(或固化)的粉料进行烧结(或固化),但是,烧结(或固化)装置(8)的烧结(或固化)范围总是有限的,多大的烧结(或固化)面积,只能打印多大的零件;本发明的3D打印机,能够打印比烧结(或固化)装置(8)的烧结(或固化)范围更大的零件;其特点是:增大成型缸 [0022] As shown in FIG 6, a second embodiment of the present invention; conventionally known 3D printer during the sintering (or cured), forming a cylinder (13) is stationary, sintering (or cured) means (8 ) through its own two-axis coordinate, the molding powder of the cylinder (13) requires sintering in the above (or curing) is sintered (or cured), however, sintering (or cured) means (8) is sintered (or cured) range always limited, much sintering (or cured) area, printing only what parts; 3D printer of the present invention, it is possible to print than the sintering sintering (or cured) means (8) (or cured) parts larger ; characterized by: increasing the part cylinder

(13)的面积,扩大成型缸(13)的行走行程,通过控制系统、驱动系统,使烧结(或固化)装置 (13) area, the expansion of the molding cylinder (13) of the stroke travel, by the control system, the drive system of the apparatus for sintering (or cured)

(8)的两坐标轴与成型缸(13)行走坐标轴形成联动轴,烧结(或固化)装置(8)—边烧结(或固化),成型缸(13) —边行走,或正向、或反向,当成型缸(13)是一个长向轴时,成型缸(13)的一个轴就与烧结(或固化)装置(8)的两个坐标轴构成三轴联动系统,当成型缸(13)是两个轴、构成平面运动时,成型缸(13)的两个轴就与烧结(或固化)装置(8)的两个坐标轴构成四轴联动系统;从而加大了3D打印机打印面积,同时也提高了打印效率。 (8) forming with the axis of the two cylinders (13) traveling axis to form a linkage axis, sintering (or cured) means (8) - sintering edge (or cured), forming a cylinder (13) - side walk, or forward, or reverse, when the forming cylinder (13) is composed of a three-axis system to a long the shaft, forming a cylinder (13) on one axis and the two axes sintering (or cured) means (8) when the molding cylinder (13) are two shafts, when the motion plane configuration, forming a cylinder (13) of the two shafts constitutes axis systems and sintering (or cured) means (8) of the two axes; thereby increasing the 3D printer print area, but also improve the printing efficiency.

[0023]如图7所示,是本发明的第三实施例;为了提高打印效率,设有双成型缸、双铺粉、单烧结(或固化)装置,其中粉箱A(1l)、刮刀A(109)、成型缸A(113)、缸凸缘A(114)、活塞A(103)、竖电机A(112)和横电机A(115)构成右路铺粉系统,粉箱B(201)、刮刀B(209)、成型缸B(213)、缸凸缘B(214)、活塞B(203)、竖电机B(212)和横电机B(215)构成左路铺粉系统,其特点是:粉箱A(1l)和粉箱B(201)分别在成型缸A(113)和成型缸B(213)的上方、分别固装在机架(100)上,成型缸A(113)、成型缸B(213)通过导轨B(210)分别与机架(100)连接,并分别由横电机A(115)和横电机B(215)驱动、并能够分别横向移动;当烧结(或固化)装置(8)为成型缸A(113)烧结(或固化)时,粉箱B(201)为成型缸B(213)供粉,当烧结(或固化)装置(8)为成型缸B(213)烧结(或固化)时,粉箱A(1l)为成型缸A(113)供粉,两成型缸交错打印、交错供粉,效率提高一倍。 [0023] As shown in FIG 7, a third embodiment of the present invention; order to improve printing efficiency, with double shaped cylinder, double powder spreading, single sintering (or cured) apparatus, wherein the powder box A (1l), the blade A (109), forming a cylinder A (113), the cylinder flange A (114), piston A (103), the vertical motor A (112) and a cross machine A (115) constituting the system is unable to shop powder, the powder box B ( 201), blade B (209), forming a cylinder B (213), the cylinder flange B (214), piston B (203), vertical machine B (212) and cross-machine B (215) constituting the left powder-system, its characteristics are: powder box a (1L) and powder box B (201) respectively forming upper cylinder a (113) and forming the cylinder B (213) respectively fixedly mounted on the frame (100), forming a cylinder a ( 113), forming a cylinder B (213) are connected by the guide rail B (210), respectively, with the frame (100), and are driven by lateral motor A (115) and cross-machine B (215), and able to move laterally respectively; when the sintering (or curing) means (8) is a molded cylinder A (113) during the sintering (or cured), the powder box B (201) is a molded cylinder B (213) for the powder, when the sintering (or cured) means (8) is formed cylinder B (213) during the sintering (or cured), the powder box A (1l) is a molded cylinder A (113) for the powder, two cylinders forming the printing interleaving, interleaving for the powder, double the efficiency.

[0024]如图8、图9所示,是本发明的第四实施例;为了进一步提高打印效率,设有多成型缸、多铺粉、多烧结(或固化)装置,铺粉装置与烧结(或固化)的数量相同,成型缸的数量是铺粉装置与烧结(或固化)的数量之和,其特点是:多个成型缸围绕回转柱C(311)周向均匀分布,每个成型缸都固装在回转柱C(311)上,回转柱C(311)设有驱动装置,回转柱C(311)能够正向、或逆向回转运动,粉箱与烧结(或固化)装置在成型缸上方,粉箱与烧结(或固化)装置交错放置,并绕回转柱C(311)的轴心周向均匀分布,每个粉箱和每个烧结(或固化)装置都固装在机架(100)上;打印机开始工作,第一步:烧结(或固化)装置对其下方的成型缸内已铺好粉的成型面进行烧结(或固化),至完成,第二步:回转柱C(311)正向、或逆回转,使烧结(或固化)后的成型面转到粉箱下方,相当于供粉,同时铺好粉的 [0024] FIG. 8, FIG. 9, the fourth embodiment of the present invention; To further improve the efficiency of printing, with a multi-part cylinder, multi-powder spreading, multi-sintered (or cured) means sintered powder spreading device the same number (or cured), the number is the number of cylinders of the molding powder-sintering device (or cured) and, characterized by: a plurality of cylinders formed around the rotary column C (311) uniformly distributed circumferentially, each forming cylinder are fixedly mounted on the rotary column C (311), the rotary column C (311) provided with driving means, the rotary column C (311) capable of forward or reverse rotary movement, and sintering the powder box (or curing) in the molding device upper cylinder, and sintering the powder box (or cured) interleaved means, and rotation about the column C (311) circumferentially evenly distributed axial center, and each of the sintering each powder box (or cured) are fixedly mounted on the frame means (100); printer begins to operate, the first step: a sintered molding surface (or cured) cylinder means below its molding paved powder sintering (or cure) to complete the second step: the rotary column C molding surface (311) forward or reverse rotation, sintered (or cured) after the powder box to the bottom, the equivalent for the powder, while the powder paved 型面转到烧结(或固化)装置下方,第三步:烧结(或固化)装置再次进行烧结(或固化),循环往复,直至完成工件。 Go sintering profile (or cured) below the apparatus, the third step: sintering (or curing) sintering apparatus (or cured), the cycle again until the work is completed.

[0025]如图10、图11所示,是本发明的第五实施例;设有多成型缸、单铺粉、单烧结(或固化)装置,一次能够打印多个工件,每个成型缸可以打印不同的零件,其特点是:多个成型缸围绕回转柱C(311)周向分布,每个成型缸都固装在回转柱C(311)上,回转柱C(311)设有驱动装置,回转柱C(311)能够进行回转运动,粉箱和烧结(或固化)装置交错置于成型缸上方,粉箱和烧结(或固化)装置都固定在机架(100)上;打印机开始工作,第一步:烧结(或固化)装置对其下方的成型缸内已铺好粉的成型面进行烧结(或固化),至完成,第二步:回转柱C(311)回转一个工位,使烧结(或固化)后的成型面转到粉箱下方,相当于供粉,使铺好粉的成型面转到烧结(或固化)装置下方,第三步:烧结(或固化)装置再进行烧结(或固化),循环往复,直至完成工件。 [0025] As shown in FIG 10, FIG 11 is a fifth embodiment of the present invention; molding cylinder provided with a plurality, a single shop powder sintering mono (or cured) apparatus capable of printing a plurality of workpieces, each forming cylinder can print different parts, which is characterized by: a plurality of cylinders formed around the rotary column C (311) distributed circumferentially, each forming cylinders are fixedly mounted on the rotary column C (311), the rotary column C (311) provided with a drive means rotary column C (311) capable of pivotal movement, and sintering the powder box (or curing) interleaving means disposed above the cylinder forming, and sintering the powder box (or curing) are fixed to the frame means (100); the printer to start work, the first step: sintering (or curable) means forming a cylinder below its molding surface paved powder is sintered (or cure) to complete the second step: the rotary column C (311) a turning station the molding surface after baking (or curing) the powder box to the bottom, for the powder corresponding to the molding surface to below the paved powder sintering (or cured) apparatus, the third step: sintering (or cured) and then means sintering (or cured), ad infinitum, until the work is completed.

[0026]如图12所示,是本发明的第六实施例;在3D打印过程中,铺粉-烧结(或固化)、再铺粉-烧结(或固化)的工序高度重复循环,每个工件循环次数少则几千次、多达几万次,甚至更多,在如此多的重复过程中,很难避免出现烧结、或固化缺陷,如成型面(烧结、或固化面)起渣、出瘤等等,一旦出现缺陷,再次铺粉时就会撞击刮刀、或无法继续打印,为了解决成型面缺陷问题,在成型缸上方的一工位上,设有成型面修正装置;其特点是:成型面修正装置包括动力头(318)、刀具(317)、导轨G(319)、电机G(320)、滑板(321)、滑枕(322),动力头(318)装在滑板(321)上,滑板(321)通过导轨G(319)装在滑枕(322)上,滑板(321)由电机G(320)驱动运行,滑枕(322)通过纵导轨装在机架(100)上,滑枕(322)另有纵向电机驱动运行,滑板(321)与滑枕(320)的运动构成X轴、Y轴,动力头(318)的主轴头能够少量 [0026] 12, a sixth embodiment of the present invention; in a 3D printing process, powder spreading - sintering (or cured), holes and powder - sintering (or curing) step of highly repetitive cycles each at least thousands of times the work cycles, as many as tens of thousands of times, or even more, the process is repeated so many, it is difficult to avoid sintering, or curing defects, such as the molding surface (sintering, or curing surface) from the slag, a tumor, etc., once a defect occurs, it will again strike when dusting a blade, or can not continue printing, in order to solve the molding surface defects on a shaping station above the cylinder, correction means is provided with molding surface; characterized by : molding surface correction means includes a power head (318), the tool (317), the guide rail G (319), the motor G (320), slide (321), ram (322), power head (318) mounted on the slider (321 a), slide (321) (319) through a guide G mounted on the ram (322), slide (321) (320) driven by a motor runs G, the ram (322) via a longitudinal guide mounted on the frame (100) , the ram (322) and another longitudinal drive operation of the motor, the slide plate (321) and the ram (320) constituting the moving X axis, Y axis, power head (318) capable of a small amount of a spindle head 缩,相当于Z轴;动力头(318)上配置刀具(317),动力头(318)能够在控制系统的控制下对成型面的缺陷实施自动修正。 Shrinking, corresponding to the Z axis; disposed on a power tool head (318) (317), power head (318) capable of molding surface defects embodiment under the control of automatic correction in the control system.

[0027]动力头(318)是缩小版的金属切削机床主轴头;其特点是:基本型结构为电主轴,也可以是电机驱动、或风动驱动的通用机床主轴;所装刀具(317)根据3D打印材料的需求选配,可以是铣刀、砂轮、或其它刀具;刀具(317)与主轴的连接方式也同金切机床的主轴结构。 [0027] The power head (318) is a scaled-down version of machine tool spindle head; characterized by: a basic structure for the spindle may be motor-driven or pneumatic universal spindle drive; loaded tool (317) 3D printing on demand matching material, may be a milling cutter, grinding wheel or other tool; tool (317) with a spindle connection structure of the machine spindle also cut with gold.

[0028] 如图13所示,多个活塞G(703)通过连接板G(716)连在一起,由一个竖电机G(712)驱动。 As shown in [0028] 13, a plurality of pistons G (703) by a connecting plate G (716) together, the motor is driven by a vertical G (712).

Claims (8)

1.动缸铺粉式3D打印机,包括机架(10 )、烧结或固化装置(8)、成型缸系统和铺粉装置;其特征是:所述成型缸系统由成型缸(13)、活塞(3)、竖电机(12)、导轨(10)、横电机(15)和缸凸缘(14)构成,活塞(3)置于成型缸(13)的腹中,通过竖电机(12)驱动、能够上下运行;成型缸(13)通过导轨(10)与机架(100)连接,成型缸(13)通过横电机(15)驱动、能够前后运行,缸凸缘(14)是成型缸(13)的上端法兰,缸凸缘(14)的上面是平面;所述铺粉装置由粉箱A(1l)和刮刀(9)构成,粉箱A(1l)在成型缸(13)的上方、固装在机架(100)上,粉箱A(1l)的下方设有开口,粉箱A(1l)下方开口处的唇边镶装有刮刀(9),粉箱A(1l)下方的开口、以及刮刀(9)的下刃与缸凸缘(14)的上面无缝连接,粉箱A(1l)下方的开口、以及刮刀(9)的下刃与缸凸缘(14)的上面能够相对滑动,粉箱A(1l)的腹腔中存储有待用粉(2),烧结或固化装置(8)在 1. dusting cylinder type 3D printer, comprising a frame (10), the sintering or curing means (8), and a powder-shaped cylinder system means; characterized in that: said system is formed by a cylinder forming the cylinder (13), the piston (3), the vertical motor (12), the guide rail (10), transverse motor (15) and the cylinder flange (14), a piston (3) is placed belly forming cylinder (13) through the vertical motor (12) driving, can run up and down; forming cylinder (13) connected by the guide rail (10) with the frame (100), a drive (15) by forming a cross-machine cylinder (13), capable of moving back and forth, the cylinder flange (14) is a shaped cylinder (13) of the upper flange, the flange above the cylinder (14) is planar; means constituted by a powder-powder box a (1l) and the blade (9), the powder box a (1l) in the forming cylinder (13) above, fixed mounted on the frame (100), below the powder box a (1l) is provided with an opening, the powder box a (1l) with a doctor blade lip insert downward opening (9), the powder box a (1l ) seamless connection above the lower opening, and a blade (9) of the lower edge of the cylinder flange (14), below the opening of the powder box a (1l), and a blade (9) under the edge flange of the cylinder (14 ) able to slide relative to the above, the powder box a (1l) to be stored in the abdominal cavity with powder (2), the sintering or curing means (8) 型缸(13)的上方、固装在机架(100)上。 Type upper cylinder (13), fixed mounted on the frame (100).
2.根据权利要求1所述的动缸铺粉式3D打印机,其特征是:也能够打印比烧结或固化装置(8)的烧结或固化范围更大的零件;增大成型缸(13)的面积,扩大成型缸(13)的行走行程,通过控制系统、驱动系统,使烧结或固化装置(8)的两坐标轴与成型缸(13)行走坐标轴形成联动轴,烧结或固化装置(8)—边烧结或固化,成型缸(13)—边行走,或正向、或反向,当成型缸(13)是一个长向轴时,成型缸(13)的一个轴就与烧结或固化装置(8)的两个坐标轴构成三轴联动系统,当成型缸(13)是两个轴、构成平面运动时,成型缸(13)的两个轴就与烧结或固化装置(8)的两个坐标轴构成四轴联动系统。 2. A cylinder according to claim 1 of formula dusting 3D printer, wherein: the sintering can be printed or greater than the solidification range of the sintering or curing device part (8); increased molding cylinder (13) area, the expansion of the molding cylinder (13) is traveling stroke, by the control system, a drive system, sintering or curing means (8) of the two coordinate axes forming the cylinder (13) traveling axis to form a linkage axis, sintering or curing means (8 ) - sintering or curing edge, forming a cylinder (13) - side walk, or forward, or reverse, when the forming cylinder (13) is a length of the shaft to the molding cylinder (13) on one axis and sintering or curing means (8) is composed of two three-axis coordinate system axes, when the forming cylinder (13) are two shafts, when the motion plane configuration, forming a cylinder (13) with two axes on sintering or curing device (8) axis two axes constituting the system.
3.根据权利要求1所述的动缸铺粉式3D打印机,其特征是:设有双成型缸、双铺粉、单烧结或固化装置,其中粉箱A(1l)、刮刀A( 109)、成型缸A( 113)、缸凸缘A( 114)、活塞A( 103)、竖电机A( 112)和横电机A( 115)构成右路铺粉系统,粉箱B(201)、刮刀B(209)、成型缸B(213)、缸凸缘B(214)、活塞B(203)、竖电机B(212)和横电机B(215)构成左路铺粉系统;粉箱A(1l)和粉箱B(201)分别在成型缸A(113)和成型缸B(213)的上方、分别固装在机架(100)上,成型缸A(113)、成型缸B(213)通过导轨B(210)分别与机架(100)连接,并分别由横电机A(115)和横电机B(215)驱动、并能够分别横向移动。 3. The cylinder as claimed in claim 1 of formula dusting 3D printer, wherein: the cylinder is provided with double molding, powder spreading double, single sintering or curing apparatus, wherein the powder box A (1l), blade A (109) molded cylinder A (113), the cylinder flange A (114), piston A (103), the vertical motor A (112) and a cross machine A (115) constituting the system is unable to shop powder, the powder box B (201), the blade B (209), forming a cylinder B (213), the cylinder flange B (214), piston B (203), vertical machine B (212) and cross-machine B (215) constituting the left dusting system; powder box A ( 1L) and the powder box B (201) respectively forming upper cylinder a (113) and forming the cylinder B (213) respectively fixedly mounted on the frame (100), forming a cylinder a (113), forming a cylinder B (213 ) connected by a guide rail B (210), respectively, with the frame (100), and are driven by lateral motor A (115) and cross-machine B (215), respectively, and can move laterally.
4.根据权利要求1所述的动缸铺粉式3D打印机,其特征是:设有多成型缸、多铺粉、多烧结或固化装置,铺粉装置与烧结或固化的数量相同,成型缸的数量是铺粉装置与烧结或固化的数量之和;多个成型缸围绕回转柱C(311)周向均匀分布,每个成型缸都固装在回转柱C(311)上,回转柱C( 311)设有驱动装置,回转柱C( 311)能够正向、或逆向回转运动,粉箱与烧结或固化装置在成型缸上方,粉箱与烧结或固化装置交错放置,并绕回转柱C(311)的轴心周向均匀分布,每个粉箱和每个烧结或固化装置都固装在机架(100)上。 4. The cylinder as claimed in claim 1 of formula dusting 3D printer, wherein: the cylinder is provided with a multi-shaped, multi-powder spreading, multi-sintering or curing means, laying means and the same number of powder sintering or cured, forming a cylinder number is the number of powder-sintering or curing device and; a plurality of cylinders formed around the rotary column C (311) uniformly distributed circumferential direction, each forming a cylinder are fixedly mounted on the rotary column C (311), the rotary column C (311) is provided with driving means, the rotary column C (311) capable of forward or reverse rotary movement, the sintering or curing the powder box over the forming cylinder device, and sintering or powder box curing apparatus interleaved, and swing around the column C (311) uniformly distributed circumferential direction of the axis, each of the powder box and each of the sintering or curing means are fixedly mounted on the frame (100).
5.根据权利要求1所述的动缸铺粉式3D打印机,其特征是:设有多成型缸、单铺粉、单烧结或固化装置,一次能够打印多个工件,每个成型缸可以打印不同的零件;多个成型缸围绕回转柱C(311)周向分布,每个成型缸都固装在回转柱C(311)上,回转柱C(311)设有驱动装置,回转柱C(311)能够进行回转运动,粉箱和烧结或固化装置交错置于成型缸上方,粉箱和烧结或固化装置都固定在机架(100)上。 The cylinder according to claim 1 of formula dusting 3D printer, wherein: the cylinder is provided with a multi-shaped, single-dusting, single sintering or curing apparatus, capable of printing a plurality of workpieces, each forming print cylinder different components; a plurality of cylinders formed around the rotary column C (311) distributed circumferentially, each forming cylinders are fixedly mounted on the rotary column C (311), the rotary column C (311) provided with driving means, the rotary column C ( 311) capable of pivotal movement, and sintering the powder box or staggered curing means disposed above the cylinder forming, and sintering or powder box curing means are fixed to the frame (100).
6.根据权利要求4或5所述的动缸铺粉式3D打印机,其特征是:在成型缸上方的一工位上,设有成型面修正装置;成型面修正装置包括动力头(318)、刀具(317)、导轨G(319)、电机G(320)、滑板(321)、滑枕(322),动力头(318)装在滑板(321)上,滑板(321)通过导轨G(319)装在滑枕(322)上,滑板(321)由电机G(320)驱动运行,滑枕(322)通过纵导轨装在机架(100)上,滑枕(322)另有纵向电机驱动运行,滑板(321)与滑枕(322)的运动构成X轴、Y轴,动力头(318)的主轴头能够伸缩,相当于Z轴;动力头(318)上配置刀具(317),动力头(318)能够在控制系统的控制下对成型面的缺陷实施自动修正。 6. A cylinder according to claim 4 or claim 5 dusting type 3D printer, wherein: in a forming station above the cylinder, correction means is provided with molding surface; molding surface correction means includes a power head (318) the tool (317), the guide rail G (319), the motor G (320.), slide (321), ram (322), power head (318) mounted on the slide (321), slide (321) by the guide rail G ( 319) mounted on the ram (322), slide (321) driven by a motor G (320) running, the ram (322) via a longitudinal guide mounted on the frame (100), ram (322) and another longitudinal motor operation of the drive, the slider (321) and the ram (322) constituting the moving X axis, Y axis, power head (318) extendable spindle head, corresponding to the Z-axis; power head (318) arranged tool (317) on, power head (318) can perform automatic correction of the defect of the molding surface under the control of the control system.
7.根据权利要求6所述的动缸铺粉式3D打印机,其特征是:动力头(318)是缩小版的金属切削机床主轴头;其基本型结构为电主轴,也可以是电机驱动、或风动驱动的通用机床主轴;所装刀具(317)根据3D打印材料的需求选配,可以是铣刀、或砂轮;刀具(317)与主轴的连接方式也同金切机床的主轴结构。 7. A cylinder according to claim 6 of formula dusting 3D printer, wherein: the power head (318) is a scaled-down version of machine tool spindle head; the basic structure of spindle, the motor may be driven, pneumatic drive or universal spindle; loaded tool (317) on demand matching 3D printed material, may be milling, or grinding wheel; connection tool (317) and the spindle machine tool spindle structure also cut with gold.
8.根据权利要求4或5所述的动缸铺粉式3D打印机,其特征是:多个活塞G(703)通过连接板G(716)连在一起,由一个竖电机G(712)驱动。 Cylinder according to claim 4 or claim 5 of formula dusting 3D printer, wherein: the plurality of pistons G (703) by a connecting plate G (716) together, the motor is driven by a vertical G (712) .
CN201520980289.8U 2015-12-02 2015-12-02 Move jar and spread powder formula 3D printer CN205219751U (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105291441A (en) * 2015-12-02 2016-02-03 党金行 Dynamic cylinder powder laying type 3D printer

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105291441A (en) * 2015-12-02 2016-02-03 党金行 Dynamic cylinder powder laying type 3D printer

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