CN205213584U - Greenhouse - Google Patents

Greenhouse Download PDF

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Publication number
CN205213584U
CN205213584U CN201520556565.8U CN201520556565U CN205213584U CN 205213584 U CN205213584 U CN 205213584U CN 201520556565 U CN201520556565 U CN 201520556565U CN 205213584 U CN205213584 U CN 205213584U
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
greenhouse
framework
steel reinforcement
heat
ceiling
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201520556565.8U
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
卢文江
王玥
朱慧婷
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
LONGJIANG SHENHUA ENERGY-SAVING WALL MATERIAL Co Ltd
Original Assignee
LONGJIANG SHENHUA ENERGY-SAVING WALL MATERIAL Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by LONGJIANG SHENHUA ENERGY-SAVING WALL MATERIAL Co Ltd filed Critical LONGJIANG SHENHUA ENERGY-SAVING WALL MATERIAL Co Ltd
Priority to CN201520556565.8U priority Critical patent/CN205213584U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN205213584U publication Critical patent/CN205213584U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/25Greenhouse technology, e.g. cooling systems therefor
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B10/00Integration of renewable energy sources in buildings
    • Y02B10/20Solar thermal
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/12Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries using renewable energies, e.g. solar water pumping

Abstract

The utility model provides a greenhouse relates to the building field. This greenhouse includes wall body and roof, wherein: the roof includes ceiling, heat preservation and thermal -arrest layer, the ceiling includes the foaming glass board that the level was arranged, foaming glass inboard is pre -buried to have the framework of steel reinforcement, heat insulation layer draws together foaming glass board, foaming glass inboard is pre -buried to have the framework of steel reinforcement, the thermal -arrest layer include the framework of steel reinforcement and with reinforcing bar frame connection's solar energy collection pipe, the wall body includes that interior wall and laminating are in the outer wall of interior wall surface, greenhouse's the outdoor bionical energy storage pond that is provided with by the heat insulating board is sealed, the lower surface mounting of ceiling has the LED banks, a plurality of ventilation window have been seted up on the wall body, greenhouse's sunny side is provided with the solar energy power generation ware. The utility model discloses a mating reaction in solar energy collection pipe, outer wall and bionical energy storage pond, the intensity of solving current greenhouse is low, polluted environment and the low problem of heat supply efficiency.

Description

Greenhouse
Technical field
The utility model relates to building field, particularly relates to a kind of greenhouse.
Background technology
In the winter of northern area, mostly build the crops such as chamber planting vegetables.
Existing greenhouse structure is: build concrete walls in the shade, and sunny side and end face set up glass or plastic film, form booth type greenhouse; Or, by steelframe and glass batch, build large-area glass wall, coordinate glass ceiling, form house type greenhouse.Above-mentioned two class greenhouses, at least have following defect: first, and its heating all adopts coal-fired heating installation or by electric heating equipment, fire coal can cause air pollution and the wasting of resources, and electric heating energy consumption is many; Secondly, the sound construction degree in above-mentioned two kinds of greenhouses is poor, and northern area dry monsoon heavy snow is large, higher to the requirement of strength in greenhouse; Moreover, the glass in above-mentioned two kinds of greenhouses or the heat-insulating property of film body of wall relatively poor, cause indoor heating efficiency to reduce.
Utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is the deficiency solving above-mentioned technology, provides a kind of greenhouse, and by the mating reaction of solar energy heat collection pipe, exterior wall and bionical energy storage pool, the intensity solving existing greenhouse is low, contaminated environment and the low problem of heating efficiency.
In order to achieve the above object, the utility model provides a kind of greenhouse, and this greenhouse comprises body of wall and roof;
Described roof comprises ceiling, heat-insulation layer and thermal-arrest layer, and described heat-insulation layer and described thermal-arrest layer are erected on described ceiling, and described heat-insulation layer and described thermal-arrest layer favour horizontal plane respectively, and it is leg-of-mutton space that described roof surrounds cross section; Described ceiling comprises horizontally disposed foamed glass plate, is embedded with framework of steel reinforcement in described foamed glass plate; Described heat-insulation layer comprises foamed glass plate, is embedded with framework of steel reinforcement in described foamed glass plate, and the framework of steel reinforcement of described heat-insulation layer is fixedly connected with the framework of steel reinforcement of described ceiling; The solar energy heat collection pipe that described thermal-arrest layer comprises framework of steel reinforcement and is connected with described framework of steel reinforcement, the input of described solar energy heat collection pipe is communicated with the indoor in described greenhouse, and the framework of steel reinforcement of described thermal-arrest layer is fixedly connected with the framework of steel reinforcement of described heat-insulation layer and the framework of steel reinforcement of described ceiling respectively;
Described body of wall comprises interior wall and is fitted in the exterior wall of described interior wall outer surface; Described interior wall is concrete material, is embedded with framework of steel reinforcement, heating cables, outlet pipe and return-air duct in described interior wall, and the framework of steel reinforcement of described interior wall is fixedly connected with the framework of steel reinforcement of described ceiling; Described exterior wall is foamed glass plate;
The outdoor in described greenhouse is provided with the bionical energy storage pool sealed by thermal insulation board, is provided with heat accumulating, is fitted with multiple circulating line in described heat accumulating in described bionical energy storage pool; The air inlet end of described solar energy heat collection pipe is communicated with the indoor in described greenhouse, the outlet side of described solar energy heat collection pipe is communicated with one end mouth of pipe of described multiple circulating line by described outlet pipe, and the other end mouth of pipe of described multiple circulating line is communicated with described return-air duct; Described return-air duct is provided with air-out arm, and described air-out arm is communicated with the indoor in described greenhouse;
The lower surface of described ceiling is provided with LED group, and described body of wall offers multiple ventilation window;
The sunny side in described greenhouse is provided with solar cell array, and the accumulator of described solar cell array is electrically connected with the heating cables in described interior wall and described LED group respectively by inverter.
Preferably, described heat accumulating is concrete.
Preferably, described air-out arm is provided with valve.
In sum, the greenhouse that the utility model provides, the framework of steel reinforcement of the framework of steel reinforcement of exterior wall, the framework of steel reinforcement of ceiling, heat-insulation layer is fixedly connected with the framework of steel reinforcement of thermal-arrest layer, in conjunction with concrete inner wall, foamed glass plate exterior wall, foamed glass plate ceiling and foamed glass plate heat-insulation layer, improve the intensity in greenhouse, be applicable to the north of windy snow; The exterior wall that the ceiling consisted of foamed glass plate, foamed glass plate are formed surrounds the interior space in greenhouse, and good heat insulating, effectively prevents indoor heat loss, improve heating efficiency; On the basis of improving heat-insulating property: adopt solar energy heat collection pipe heated air and directly send in greenhouse, the heat-supplying mode being directly filled with hot gas than radiator traditional heating mode more directly effectively, the mode of solar energy heating is than the traditional approach more cleanliness without any pollution of fire coal; Can the heat release at night of heat accumulation on daytime in conjunction with bionical energy storage pool, and the heated in real-time of heating cables, solve night unglazed according to time real-time heat supply, further increase the heating effect in this greenhouse.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation in the utility model greenhouse;
Fig. 2 is the roof cross-sectional schematic in the utility model greenhouse;
Fig. 3 is that the wall transversal in the utility model greenhouse is to cross-sectional schematic;
Fig. 4 is the horizontal cross-sectional schematic of bionical energy storage pool in the utility model greenhouse.
Embodiment
The technical scheme in greenhouse of the present utility model is further illustrated below in conjunction with embodiment.
As shown in Figures 1 to 4, a kind of greenhouse, this greenhouse comprises body of wall 200 and roof 100, wherein:
Described roof 100 comprises ceiling 110, heat-insulation layer 120 and thermal-arrest layer 130, described heat-insulation layer 120 and described thermal-arrest layer 130 are erected on described ceiling 110, described heat-insulation layer 120 and described thermal-arrest layer 130 favour horizontal plane respectively, and it is leg-of-mutton space that described roof surrounds cross section; Described ceiling 110 comprises horizontally disposed foamed glass plate, is embedded with framework of steel reinforcement in described foamed glass plate; Described heat-insulation layer 120 comprises foamed glass plate, is embedded with framework of steel reinforcement in described foamed glass plate, and the framework of steel reinforcement of described heat-insulation layer 120 is fixedly connected with the framework of steel reinforcement of described ceiling 110; The solar energy heat collection pipe that described thermal-arrest layer 130 comprises framework of steel reinforcement and is connected with described framework of steel reinforcement, the input of described solar energy heat collection pipe is communicated with the indoor in described greenhouse, and the framework of steel reinforcement of described thermal-arrest layer 130 is fixedly connected with the framework of steel reinforcement of described heat-insulation layer 120 and the framework of steel reinforcement of described ceiling 110 respectively.By this, being connected to each other by framework of steel reinforcement, in conjunction with the application of foamed glass plate, improves the intensity on roof; In conjunction with the insulation feature of the foamed glass plate of heat-insulation layer and ceiling structure, greenhouse is prevented upwards to scatter and disappear indoor heat.
Described body of wall 200 comprises interior wall 210 and is fitted in the exterior wall 220 of described interior wall 210 outer surface; Described interior wall 210 is concrete material, is embedded with framework of steel reinforcement, heating cables 211, outlet pipe 212 and return-air duct 213 in described interior wall 210, and the framework of steel reinforcement of described interior wall 210 is fixedly connected with the framework of steel reinforcement of described ceiling 110; Described exterior wall 220 is foamed glass plate, and described exterior wall 220 and described ceiling 110 surround the good greenhouse space of heat-insulating property.Interior wall 210 adopts concrete to have heat storage capacity, and heated by interior wall by heating cables 211, can continue heat release, be indoor heating; The framework of steel reinforcement of interior wall 210 is connected with the framework of steel reinforcement of ceiling 110, makes whole greenhouse link into an integrated entity, improves its bulk strength.Foamed glass has the feature of light weight and good heat insulating, and it can be formed by scrap glass deep processing, avoids glass waste pollution environment, and realizes the recycling of resource.
The outdoor in described greenhouse is provided with the bionical energy storage pool 300 sealed by thermal insulation board 310, is provided with heat accumulating 320, is fitted with multiple circulating line 330 in described heat accumulating 320 in described bionical energy storage pool 300; The air inlet end of described solar energy heat collection pipe 130 is communicated with the indoor in described greenhouse, the outlet side of described solar energy heat collection pipe 130 is communicated with one end mouth of pipe of described multiple circulating line 330 by described outlet pipe 212, and the other end mouth of pipe of described multiple circulating line 330 is communicated with described return-air duct 213; Described return-air duct 213 is provided with air-out arm 214, and described air-out arm 214 is communicated with the indoor in described greenhouse, and optionally, described air-out arm is provided with valve.Indoor gas is sent into solar energy heat collection pipe 130 by equipment such as air pumps and is relied on solar energy to heat, gas after heating is successively by outlet pipe 212, circulating line 330, return-air duct 213 and air-out arm 214, hot blast is sent into indoor, form hot air circulation thus, have by day between illumination period, when needing indoor heating, open the valve of air-out arm 214, release portion hot gas is to indoor; Hot gas carries out heat exchange with heat accumulating 320 in circulating line 330, part heat is for heating heat accumulating 320, described heat accumulating 320 preferably adopts concrete, after concrete is heated to uniform temperature, sustainable, slow releasing heat, heat the gas flowing through circulating line 320 at night during unglazed photograph, the gas after heating delivers to the indoor in greenhouse by described air-out arm 214, realizes heating at night.On the one hand, than the heating system of traditional radiator, hot gas is directly passed into indoor and carries out heat supply by the utility model, and heating efficiency is high; On the other hand, the utility model, in conjunction with heat preserving exterior wall, reduces scattering and disappearing of indoor heat, further increases heating effect.
The lower surface of described ceiling 110 is provided with LED group, with simulated solar illumination, needed for plant growth.Described body of wall 200 offers multiple ventilation window, to take a breath with the external world.
The sunny side in described greenhouse is provided with solar cell array, the accumulator of described solar cell array is electrically connected with the heating cables in described interior wall and described LED group respectively by inverter, utilize solar electrical energy generation as all or part of power supply in this greenhouse, economize energy.
Finally it should be noted that, above embodiment is only in order to illustrate the technical solution of the utility model and unrestricted, although be described in detail the utility model with reference to preferred embodiment, those of ordinary skill in the art is to be understood that, can modify to the technical solution of the utility model or equivalent replacement, and not departing from the spirit and scope of technical solutions of the utility model, it all should be encompassed in the middle of right of the present utility model.

Claims (3)

1. a greenhouse, is characterized in that, this greenhouse comprises body of wall and roof;
Described roof comprises ceiling, heat-insulation layer and thermal-arrest layer, and described heat-insulation layer and described thermal-arrest layer are erected on described ceiling, and described heat-insulation layer and described thermal-arrest layer favour horizontal plane respectively, and it is leg-of-mutton space that described roof surrounds cross section; Described ceiling comprises horizontally disposed foamed glass plate, is embedded with framework of steel reinforcement in described foamed glass plate; Described heat-insulation layer comprises foamed glass plate, is embedded with framework of steel reinforcement in described foamed glass plate, and the framework of steel reinforcement of described heat-insulation layer is fixedly connected with the framework of steel reinforcement of described ceiling; The solar energy heat collection pipe that described thermal-arrest layer comprises framework of steel reinforcement and is connected with described framework of steel reinforcement, the input of described solar energy heat collection pipe is communicated with the indoor in described greenhouse, and the framework of steel reinforcement of described thermal-arrest layer is fixedly connected with the framework of steel reinforcement of described heat-insulation layer and the framework of steel reinforcement of described ceiling respectively;
Described body of wall comprises interior wall and is fitted in the exterior wall of described interior wall outer surface; Described interior wall is concrete material, is embedded with framework of steel reinforcement, heating cables, outlet pipe and return-air duct in described interior wall, and the framework of steel reinforcement of described interior wall is fixedly connected with the framework of steel reinforcement of described ceiling; Described exterior wall is foamed glass plate;
The outdoor in described greenhouse is provided with the bionical energy storage pool sealed by thermal insulation board, is provided with heat accumulating, is fitted with multiple circulating line in described heat accumulating in described bionical energy storage pool; The air inlet end of described solar energy heat collection pipe is communicated with the indoor in described greenhouse, the outlet side of described solar energy heat collection pipe is communicated with one end mouth of pipe of described multiple circulating line by described outlet pipe, and the other end mouth of pipe of described multiple circulating line is communicated with described return-air duct; Described return-air duct is provided with air-out arm, and described air-out arm is communicated with the indoor in described greenhouse;
The lower surface of described ceiling is provided with LED group, and described body of wall offers multiple ventilation window;
The sunny side in described greenhouse is provided with solar cell array, and the accumulator of described solar cell array is electrically connected with the heating cables in described interior wall and described LED group respectively by inverter.
2. greenhouse according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described heat accumulating is concrete.
3. greenhouse according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described air-out arm is provided with valve.
CN201520556565.8U 2015-07-29 2015-07-29 Greenhouse Expired - Fee Related CN205213584U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520556565.8U CN205213584U (en) 2015-07-29 2015-07-29 Greenhouse

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520556565.8U CN205213584U (en) 2015-07-29 2015-07-29 Greenhouse

Publications (1)

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CN205213584U true CN205213584U (en) 2016-05-11

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Country Status (1)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109121881A (en) * 2018-09-20 2019-01-04 胡新军 A kind of flower planting greenhouse

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109121881A (en) * 2018-09-20 2019-01-04 胡新军 A kind of flower planting greenhouse

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Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
GR01 Patent grant
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20160511

Termination date: 20160729

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee