CN205213314U - Miniature multi -functional machine of ploughing a little - Google Patents

Miniature multi -functional machine of ploughing a little Download PDF

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Publication number
CN205213314U
CN205213314U CN201521091975.6U CN201521091975U CN205213314U CN 205213314 U CN205213314 U CN 205213314U CN 201521091975 U CN201521091975 U CN 201521091975U CN 205213314 U CN205213314 U CN 205213314U
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China
Prior art keywords
rotary blade
gear shifting
shifting box
handle
rotary
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201521091975.6U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
韦明波
敖代勇
沈科芬
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韦明波
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Priority to CN201521091975.6U priority Critical patent/CN205213314U/en
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Abstract

The utility model relates to a miniature multi -functional machine of ploughing a little, including running gear, the dark device of limit, the rotary cultivator attachment, the shift case, the engine, the control handle, running gear includes that bilateral symmetry ground sets up two walking wheels in shift case both sides, the engine sets up on the shift case, the rotary cultivator attachment sets up at the shift case in front, the control handle sets up at the shift case at the back, the dark device of limit sets up in rotary cultivator attachment the place ahead, be provided with speed change mechanism in the shift case, the gearshift, the planet box of tricks, the engine reaches the shift case through separation and reunion wheel and belt with power, be connected with shift handle and separation and reunion handle on the shift case, be provided with throttle control key and shift knob control key on the control handle, through the handle of shifting, the separation and reunion handle, throttle control key and the manipulation of shift knob control key are ploughed the machine a little and are walked, dark and the rotary tillage operation of limit. Adopt the utility model discloses a plough the machine a little, have its simple structure, convenient operation, safety, high efficiency, adaptable different landmass, the wide advantage of application scope.

Description

A kind of miniature multi-function mini-size tillage machine
Technical field
The utility model relates to agricultural machinery technological field, relate to a kind of miniature multi-function mini-size tillage machine specifically.
Background technology
Mini-size tillage machine (also referred to as garden supervisor, cultivator etc.) is the agricultural machinery being power with small diesel engine or gasoline engine that Italian benassi company manufactures in late 1990s research and development, has volume little, lightweight, the features such as structure is simple.The U.S., Japan and some developed countries of Europe, due to basic industries starting comparatively early, therefore mini-size tillage machine R & D Level is higher, technology relative maturity, type classification and outfitting tool kind more.The product of European countries is based on horticulture-working, and major function has rotary tillage, cuts grass, clears the snow, pulverizes, short distance transport etc.; Japan's type takes into account floods and droughts two places use, can carry out ploughing, rotary tillage, ridging, plastic film mulch, trench digging, the operation such as paddy-field flattening.External type adopts the small gasoline of low emission or diesel oil to be power mostly, has small and exquisite, flexible, good looking appearance, easy to operate feature.Meanwhile, facility can change multiple parts easily and efficiently, complete multi-mode operation.
China is from the nineties in 20th century, mini-size tillage machine is with regard to the use that comes into the market gradually, due to a variety of causes, the mini-size tillage machine that market occurs belongs to extensive mini-size tillage machine substantially, too much pursues economy and have ignored safety, operability, professional and simple property.Along with the quickening of China's Urbanization Construction and the quickening of Derived from Agricultural Modernization, one side home farm increases gradually, and miniature agricultural machine buyer is transformed to the direction that reduces labor intensity gradually by original simple pursuit economic benefit on the other hand; Meanwhile, existing mini-size tillage machine is mainly hand steered propelled type mini-size tillage machine, and when operating, need to hold up machine to walk upright together in Tanaka, farming labour intensity is large, inefficiency; Owing to adopting the structure of rotary tillage roller and subsidiary agricultural equipment, in field, mountain area by property and mobility poor; Do not have to consider navigational challenge on land, generally all cannot directly reach in field from family, need lift by agricultural vehicle transhipment or manpower, thus want at substantial material resources, manpower and time mobile apparatus, result of use is not good enough, limits mini-size tillage machine popularizing in rural area to a certain extent.Strong labour power's major part in mini-size tillage machine user area is all out done manual work, stay-at-home old man and women cannot use original heavier miniature agricultural machine, therefore, change the simple situation pursuing price low at present will change gradually, Jian is complete, small and exquisite, easy to operate, labour intensity is low, specialized miniature agricultural machine is a kind of brand-new miniature agricultural machine design concept.
Utility model content
For problem existing in background technology, technology to be solved in the utility model is to provide the agricultural tool of a kind of safe, efficient, laborsaving and precision plantation, different plot can be adapted to, have easy to operate, labour intensity is low, and operator easily controls, having is a kind of miniature multi-function mini-size tillage machine.
For solving the problems of the technologies described above, the technical scheme that the utility model adopts is a kind of miniature multi-function mini-size tillage machine, comprise running gear, depth stop device, rotary cultivator attachment, gear shifting box, engine, control crank, described running gear comprises two road wheels being symmetrically arranged on gear shifting box both sides, described engine is arranged on gear shifting box, described rotary cultivator attachment is arranged on before gear shifting box, described control crank is arranged on after gear shifting box, described depth stop device is arranged on rotary cultivator attachment front, gear is provided with in described gear shifting box, gearshift, planet differential mechanism, power is reached gear shifting box by castle wheel and belt by described engine, described gear shifting box is connected with shift handle and clutch handle, described control crank is provided with Throttle Opening Control key and shift knob operating key, pass through shift handle, clutch handle, Throttle Opening Control key and shift knob operating key are handled mini-size tillage machine and are walked, depth stop and rotary tillage process.
Further, be arranged on the gear in described gear shifting box, gearshift, planet differential mechanism be provided with six respectively by castle wheel and control gears, and control that mini-size tillage machine is walked, retreated by the shift handle that is connected with castle wheel and clutch handle, neutral gear, rotary tillage, deep ploughing, hand move six gear operations.
Further, described depth stop device comprises gauge wheel, gauge wheel support, adjusting device, and described gauge wheel is arranged on gauge wheel support one end, and the gauge wheel support other end is connected with the output shaft of gear shifting box by adjusting device.
Further, described rotary cultivator attachment comprises forward rotary blade and reverse rotary blade, described forward rotary blade is provided with four groups, described reverse rotary blade is provided with two groups, and be arranged between forward rotary blade, described forward rotary blade and reverse rotary blade are connected with the forward drive axle of gear shifting box and reverse drive axle respectively, realize rotary cultivator attachment and carry out forward and reverse rotary tillage process simultaneously.
Further, described forward rotary blade is provided with four groups, and described reverse rotary blade is provided with two groups, and is arranged between forward rotary blade, the width of described reverse rotary blade is 150 ~ 250mm, and the width being arranged on the forward rotary blade of both sides can regulate according to the line-spacing width of long-term cropping.
Further, above described rotary cultivator attachment, protective cover is provided with.
Further, described mini-size tillage machine also comprises starting and banker of being connected with gear shifting box, describedly to start and banker comprises and starts shovel, width adjusting device, auxiliary wheel, describedly to start and banker is removably connected with gear shifting box by connecting bolt, handle start shovel operation by being arranged on shift knob operating key on control crank.
Further, the rotational speed matches of forward rotary blade and reverse rotary blade in the speed of travel of road wheel and rotary cultivator attachment in described running gear, the speed of travel is set as 0.8 ~ 1.5km/h, and rotary blade speed setting is 350 ~ 560r/min.
Adopt a kind of miniature multi-function mini-size tillage machine of the present utility model, compared with prior art, its beneficial effect is:
1, the operation of complete machine is controlled by control crank, and its Throttle Opening Control and startup, flameout switch are all arranged on control crank, and operator is easy to control.
2, walking separate with rotary tillage, can work independently, also can while co-ordination, can effectively be convenient to transition, movement, not only increase the safety of operation, also can reduce labour intensity greatly, be not only applicable to strong labour power use, and for old man, women also uses very easily.
3, walking adopts planetary differential, not only effectively solves the convenience of tune of turning, and no matter substantially increase operator be safety in farming, transition etc.
4, the use of inside and outside positive and negative rotary blade, is starting planting location and ensure that the garrulous soil rate of soil, also ensure that simultaneously to be unlikely near planting location because of soil overbreak cannot operate may, the utility model can accomplish that precision plant, the volume increase of guarantee crops.
5, rotary tillage and walking export by same gearshift case, compared with prior art, can effectively mate mutual power, speed on the one hand, also ensure that laborsaving and safety during operation on the other hand.
6, there is its structure simple, easy to operate, safe, efficient, laborsaving and precision plantation, adapt to plot complicated, its efficiency can be improved, applied widely, the advantages such as operating space is little.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the utility model is described in further detail.
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present utility model;
Fig. 2 is the vertical view of Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of depth stop device in the utility model;
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of running gear and rotary cultivator attachment in the utility model;
Fig. 5 starts in the utility model and the structural representation of banker;
Fig. 6 is the schematic diagram of six control gears in the utility model.
Shown in figure: 1-gauge wheel, 2-depth stop adjusting device, 3-protective cover, 4-gear shifting box, 5-engine, 6-castle wheel, 7-road wheel, 8-shift handle, 9-starts and banker, 10-clutch handle, 11-control crank, 12-Throttle Opening Control key, 13-shift knob operating key, 14-forward rotary blade, the reverse rotary blade of 15-, 16-gauge wheel support, 17-start shovel, 18-width adjusting device, 19-auxiliary wheel.
Embodiment
As shown in Figures 1 to 6, a kind of miniature multi-function mini-size tillage machine of the present utility model, comprise running gear, depth stop device, rotary cultivator attachment, gear shifting box 4, engine 5, control crank 11, described running gear comprises two road wheels 7 being symmetrically arranged on gear shifting box 4 both sides, described engine 5 is arranged on gear shifting box 4, described rotary cultivator attachment is arranged on before gear shifting box 4, described control crank 11 is arranged on after gear shifting box 4, described depth stop device is arranged on rotary cultivator attachment front, gear is provided with in described gear shifting box 4, gearshift, planet differential mechanism, power is reached gear shifting box 4 by castle wheel 6 and belt by described engine 5, described gear shifting box 4 is connected with shift handle 8 and clutch handle 10, described control crank 11 is provided with Throttle Opening Control key 12 and shift knob operating key 13, by shift handle 8, clutch handle 10, Throttle Opening Control key 12 and shift knob operating key 13 are handled mini-size tillage machine and are walked, depth stop and rotary tillage process.
Further, be arranged on the gear in described gear shifting box 4, gearshift, planet differential mechanism be provided with six respectively by castle wheel 6 and control gears, and control that mini-size tillage machine is walked, retreated by the shift handle 8 that is connected with castle wheel 6 and clutch handle 10, neutral gear, rotary tillage, deep ploughing, hand move six gear operations.
Further, described depth stop device comprises gauge wheel 1, gauge wheel support 16, adjusting device 2, and described gauge wheel 1 is arranged on gauge wheel support 16 one end, and gauge wheel support 16 other end is connected with the output shaft of gear shifting box 4 by adjusting device 2.
Further, described rotary cultivator attachment comprises forward rotary blade 14 and reverse rotary blade 15, described forward rotary blade 14 is provided with four groups, described reverse rotary blade 15 is provided with two groups, and be arranged between forward rotary blade 14, described forward rotary blade 14 and reverse rotary blade 15 are connected with the forward drive axle of gear shifting box 4 and reverse drive axle respectively, realize rotary cultivator attachment and carry out forward and reverse rotary tillage process simultaneously.Because derotation garrulous soil rate is high; Dextrorotation garrulous soil rate is low, therefore, by the use of forward and reverse rotary blade, starting planting location and ensure that the garrulous soil rate of soil, also ensure that situation about to be unlikely near planting location because soil overbreak cannot operate simultaneously, thus can accomplish that precision is planted, ensure the volume increase of crops.
Further, described forward rotary blade 14 is provided with four groups, described reverse rotary blade 15 is provided with two groups, and be arranged between forward rotary blade 14, the width of described reverse rotary blade 15 is 150 ~ 250mm, and the width being arranged on the forward rotary blade 14 of both sides can regulate according to the line-spacing width of long-term cropping.
Further, above described rotary cultivator attachment, protective cover 3 is provided with.
Further, described mini-size tillage machine also comprises starting and banker 9 of being connected with gear shifting box 4, describedly to start and banker 9 comprises and starts shovel 17, width adjusting device 18, auxiliary wheel 19, describedly to start and banker 9 is removably connected with gear shifting box 4 by connecting bolt, handle start shovel 17 operation by being arranged on shift knob operating key 13 on control crank 11.
Further, the rotational speed matches of forward rotary blade 14 and reverse rotary blade 15 in the speed of travel of road wheel 7 and rotary cultivator attachment in described running gear, the speed of travel is set as 0.8 ~ 1.5km/h, and rotary blade speed setting is 350 ~ 560r/min.Walk due to rotary cultivator attachment and running gear and all exported by same gear shifting box 4, can effectively mate mutual power, speed on the one hand, also ensure laborsaving and safety during operation on the other hand.
In actual practical process, adopt a kind of miniature multi-function mini-size tillage machine of the present utility model, because described depth stop device is arranged on rotary cultivator attachment front, can facilitate to regulate as required by depth stop adjusting device needs tilling depth position; Simultaneously, described control crank 11 is provided with Throttle Opening Control key 12 and shift knob operating key 13, operator can carry out engine start, flame-out and complete machine dynamic clutch easily, engine start and flame-out to be completed by same button, when pressing, can engine start be carried out, contact button, it is made automatically to upspring, engine misses.When clutch handle is upspring, belt between engine and gear shifting box throws off power because castle wheel 6 unclamps, when clutch handle is depressed, castle wheel tightening belt, what make that engine power can be complete transports to gear shifting box, gear shifting box enters different gears according to different requirements, thus completes different functional requirements.Because being provided with six control gears in described gear shifting box 4, because power travel speed is slower, when needs are mobile fast, engage a gear bar can be placed in hand moves on gear, complete machine just moves fast by manpower, and when being placed in other gear, complete machine is locking, namely, except passing through power mobile, other external force all can not move it; Advance, retrogressing shelves can complete the movable of complete machine; Concerning conventional soil, by rotary tillage process, walking and rotary tillage action simultaneously, interior rotary tillage rotation direction is consistent with direction of travel, and outer rotary tillage rotation direction is contrary with direction of travel, can complete the needs of farming; When needing larger tilling depth and harder soil, can be placed on deep ploughing shelves, now only rotary tillage action, when making the rotary tillage of rotary tillage original place to the degree of depth required, then on receipt rotary tillage shelves, completes deep ploughing function.The use of differential mechanism, makes complete machine can transition easily, farming; Start, the quick-replaceable of banker, make to start, ridging function driven by walking power, thus the whole function before making this machine complete plantation.
Protection domain of the present utility model is not limited only to concrete real technical scheme of revolving disclosed in mode; the foregoing is only better embodiment of the present utility model; do not limit the utility model; every above embodiment is done according to the technical solution of the utility model any trickle amendment, equivalently replace and improve, within the protection domain that all should be included in technical solutions of the utility model.

Claims (8)

1. a miniature multi-function mini-size tillage machine, it is characterized in that: comprise running gear, depth stop device, rotary cultivator attachment, gear shifting box (4), engine (5), control crank (11), described running gear comprises two road wheels (7) being symmetrically arranged on gear shifting box (4) both sides, described engine (5) is arranged on gear shifting box (4), described rotary cultivator attachment is arranged on before gear shifting box (4), described control crank (11) is arranged on after gear shifting box (4), described depth stop device is arranged on rotary cultivator attachment front, gear is provided with in described gear shifting box (4), gearshift, planet differential mechanism, power is reached gear shifting box (4) by castle wheel (6) and belt by described engine (5), described gear shifting box (4) is connected with shift handle (8) and clutch handle (10), described control crank (11) is provided with Throttle Opening Control key (12) and shift knob operating key (13), by shift handle (8), clutch handle (10), Throttle Opening Control key (12) and shift knob operating key (13) are handled mini-size tillage machine and are walked, depth stop and rotary tillage process.
2. a kind of miniature multi-function mini-size tillage machine according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: be arranged on the gear in described gear shifting box (4), gearshift, planet differential mechanism be provided with six respectively by castle wheel (6) and control gears, and control that mini-size tillage machine is walked, retreated by the shift handle (8) that is connected with castle wheel (6) and clutch handle (10), neutral gear, rotary tillage, deep ploughing, hand move six gear operations.
3. a kind of miniature multi-function mini-size tillage machine according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described depth stop device comprises gauge wheel (1), gauge wheel support (16), adjusting device (2), described gauge wheel (1) is arranged on gauge wheel support (16) one end, and gauge wheel support (16) other end is connected with the output shaft of gear shifting box (4) by adjusting device (2).
4. a kind of miniature multi-function mini-size tillage machine according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described rotary cultivator attachment comprises forward rotary blade (14) and reverse rotary blade (15), described forward rotary blade (14) is provided with four groups, described reverse rotary blade (15) is provided with two groups, and be arranged between forward rotary blade (14), described forward rotary blade (14) and reverse rotary blade (15) are connected with the forward drive axle of gear shifting box (4) and reverse drive axle respectively, realize rotary cultivator attachment and carry out forward and reverse rotary tillage process simultaneously.
5. a kind of miniature multi-function mini-size tillage machine according to claim 4, it is characterized in that: described forward rotary blade (14) is provided with four groups, described reverse rotary blade (15) is provided with two groups, and be arranged between forward rotary blade (14), the width of described reverse rotary blade (15) is 150 ~ 250mm, and the width being arranged on the forward rotary blade (14) of both sides can regulate according to the line-spacing width of long-term cropping.
6. a kind of miniature multi-function mini-size tillage machine according to claim 4, is characterized in that: above described rotary cultivator attachment, be provided with protective cover (3).
7. a kind of miniature multi-function mini-size tillage machine according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described mini-size tillage machine also comprises starting and banker (9) of being connected with gear shifting box (4), describedly to start and banker (9) comprises and starts shovel (17), width adjusting device (18), auxiliary wheel (19), describedly to start and banker (9) is removably connected with gear shifting box (4) by connecting bolt, handle start shovel (17) operation by being arranged on the upper shift knob operating key (13) of control crank (11).
8. a kind of miniature multi-function mini-size tillage machine according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the rotational speed matches of forward rotary blade (14) and reverse rotary blade (15) in the speed of travel of road wheel (7) and rotary cultivator attachment in described running gear, the speed of travel is set as 0.8 ~ 1.5km/h, and rotary blade speed setting is 350 ~ 560r/min.
CN201521091975.6U 2015-12-25 2015-12-25 Miniature multi -functional machine of ploughing a little Expired - Fee Related CN205213314U (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105453731A (en) * 2015-12-25 2016-04-06 韦明波 Mini-sized multifunctional mini-tiller

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105453731A (en) * 2015-12-25 2016-04-06 韦明波 Mini-sized multifunctional mini-tiller

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20160511

Termination date: 20201225

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee