CN205179781U - Caragana korshinskii seed collection system - Google Patents

Caragana korshinskii seed collection system Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN205179781U
CN205179781U CN201520910408.2U CN201520910408U CN205179781U CN 205179781 U CN205179781 U CN 205179781U CN 201520910408 U CN201520910408 U CN 201520910408U CN 205179781 U CN205179781 U CN 205179781U
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
comb
caragana microphylla
seed
pivot
caragana
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201520910408.2U
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
周宏平
王金鹏
高平
施明宏
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Erdo Hengrui Huanke Manufacturing Co Ltd
Nanjing Forestry University
Original Assignee
Erdo Hengrui Huanke Manufacturing Co Ltd
Nanjing Forestry University
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Erdo Hengrui Huanke Manufacturing Co Ltd, Nanjing Forestry University filed Critical Erdo Hengrui Huanke Manufacturing Co Ltd
Priority to CN201520910408.2U priority Critical patent/CN205179781U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN205179781U publication Critical patent/CN205179781U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Abstract

The utility model relates to an active demand that gathers the device of caragana korshinskii seed fruit pod, and the device can satisfy caragana korshinskii seed mechanization and gather to for the herdsman increases income, the new vitality is brought to the dustproof dune work of local economic growth and country. The utility model relates to a collection caragana korshinskii seed's device, mainly include broach, comb teeth seat, adjusting washer, pivot and actuating mechanism. The broach do not inject group's number along the axis direction, every group evenly arranges along the circumferencial direction that comb teeth seat fixes in the pivot by 1 or a plurality of broach on 1 comb teeth seat, the gap length accessible adjusting washer of adjacent comb teeth on the pivot axis direction is adjusted, actuating mechanism be connected the output shaft of motor with the pivot by shaft coupling, reduction gear and constitute, the pivot drives the rotatory work of accomplishing caragana korshinskii seed fruit pod of gathering of broach, be suitable for mechanized operations, it is efficient to gather.

Description

Caragana Microphylla Seed harvester
Technical field:
This technology relates to the Caragana Microphylla Seed harvester of Caragana Microphylla Seed of gathering.
Background technology:
Caragana microphylla is the very flourishing desert shrub class plant of root system.Caragana microphylla strong adaptability, survival rate is high, is check winds and fix drifting sand in central and west regions, the fine tree species conserved water and soil.Caragana Microphylla Seed and there is abundant grease, nitrogen and nutriment.Caragana microphylla branches and leaves are good fire wood, refinery feedstock and forage grass and feeds.But the exploitation of the at present plantation of caragana microphylla, plane monitor method and economic worth is all also in a kind of lower level.Industrial chain is short, added value is low, and the enthusiasm of peasants and herdsmen is not high yet.And Caragana Microphylla Seed gather in time and the exploitation of using value greatly will be taken on a new look to making above-mentioned condition, to expansion caragana microphylla planting scale and develop animal husbandry and all have important function.Current Caragana Microphylla Seed, mainly by manually plucking, not only consumes a large amount of human and material resources, and if gather not in time, caragana microphylla fruit pod season crack, seed is trickled down on sand, can cause very large waste.Therefore, the mechanization of Caragana Microphylla Seed is gathered becomes urgent demand, and this also by for herders income increasing, local economy increases and the project of vital and lasting importance of checking winds and fixing drifting sand of country brings new vitality, thus produces huge economic and social benefit.
Summary of the invention:
This technology provides a kind of efficient mechanization to gather the device of Caragana Microphylla Seed, for caragana microphylla planting scale expansion and using Caragana Microphylla Seed as a kind of woody grain and oil raw material etc. resource develop solid support be provided.
Caragana Microphylla Seed harvester described in this technology, it comprises some comb, and fixed fingers also drives the rotating shaft that comb rotates together around its axis, the driving mechanism that drive shaft rotates.
Caragana Microphylla Seed harvester described in this technology, shaft axis direction is furnished with 1 group or organize comb more, often organize comb and comprise one or more comb, comb number is preferably 3, along the circumferential direction be evenly arranged in the periphery of annular comb seat, two adjacent groups comb is 8mm ~ 58mm along the gap Δ that shaft axis direction is formed, this is to adapt to different Growing years, caragana microphylla branch that thickness is different, in order to avoid when Caragana Microphylla Seed harvester works, the branch of caragana microphylla is pulled apart or is caused excessive injury to caragana microphylla branch by comb.The diameter that actual test obtains the caragana microphylla branch of 3 ~ 8 years is about 5mm ~ 30mm, and through the experiment of principle prototype, and its result has confirmed is scraped by the comb of the slightly large comb in gap, can effectively be picked by the fruit pod of caragana microphylla.In addition, on each comb seat, why install multiple comb is to increase the chance that in the unit interval, comb contacts with caragana microphylla fruit pod, improving pick up rate.
Caragana Microphylla Seed harvester described in this technology, described comb is groove type, and its cross section is " U " shape, " V " shape, trapezoidal, rectangle or semicircle, and comb also can be solid strip, cylindrical, square etc.; It is groove type that is trapezoidal or rectangle that comb is preferably main part cross section, the caragana microphylla fruit pod that the comb of groove type allows to comb, seed are kept in a groove, when above comb turns to rotating shaft when certain position, fruit pod is just allowed naturally to fall under gravity on the gathering unit below rotating shaft.
Caragana Microphylla Seed harvester described in this technology, described comb or out of plumb vertical with rotating shaft, the length of each comb is equal or not etc., the length range of comb is not 300mm ~ 1000mm, and this parameter obtains according to the diameter of the tree crown being applicable to the caragana microphylla of gathering.
Caragana Microphylla Seed harvester described in this technology, there is crown one end of described comb, the other end is fixed in rotating shaft by comb seat, the elevation angle of the relative comb main body of crown is 0 ° ~ 90 °, can be 0 °, namely comb crown bottom surface is concordant with the bottom surface of comb main part, and comb crown upper surface is concordant with the top edge of comb main body; Also can be 90 °, namely crown is perpendicular to comb main part; This elevation angle is preferably 45 °, has both avoided when comb gathers the fruit pod of caragana microphylla bottom and has shed on the ground by the fruit pod combed, caused waste, also ensure that the collection effect of comb when gathering caragana microphylla top layer fruit pod.
Caragana Microphylla Seed harvester described in this technology, sets along the size of the gap Δ that shaft axis direction is formed by selecting the adjustment packing ring of different-thickness between described comb and comb.
Caragana Microphylla Seed harvester described in this technology, the output shaft of electromotor, hydraulic motor, air motor and rotating shaft are connected and composed by shaft coupling, decelerator or the power take-off of the sprocket wheel be fixed in rotating shaft, belt pulley and gasoline (diesel oil) engine or flywheel are connected and composed by chain, belt by the driving mechanism that drive shaft rotates.
The beneficial effect of this technology:
The one of the raw material of the woody grain and oil that the seed of caragana microphylla is advocated as state affairs institutes becomes possibility, not only greatly improve the harvest efficiency of Caragana Microphylla Seed, reduce cost of gathering, and ensure that ripe Caragana Microphylla Seed can be gathered timely, the tender leaf simultaneously collected, spray just can as the green fodders of cattle and sheep, achieve many things at one stroke, fully the economic worth of exploitation caragana microphylla, transfer the enthusiasm of state plans that northern China peasants and herdsmen participate in conceding the land to forestry, check winds and fix drifting sand.
Accompanying drawing illustrates:
Fig. 1 is embodiment 1 schematic diagram;
Fig. 2 is circumferentially fixed on by 3 comb one group of comb that comb seat is formed;
Fig. 3 (a) is the elevation angle schematic diagram of comb crown relative to comb main body;
The schematic diagram of Fig. 3 (b) to be the elevation angle be square-section comb shape of 0 °;
Fig. 4 is the comb schematic diagram of different cross section type;
Fig. 5 is the operation principle schematic diagram of Caragana Microphylla Seed harvester;
Fig. 6 is the schematic diagram of embodiment 2.
Embodiment:
Embodiment 1
Caragana Microphylla Seed harvester shown in Figure 1, the rotating shaft 1 of main transferring power has 3 to extend in the axial direction except bearings mounted position, two ends, and the projection of the likeness in form flat key on outstanding axle surface, coordinate with it, the inner circle of annular comb seat 2 has the groove of 3 likeness in form keyways, and comb 3 is fixed on the outer round surface of comb seat 2.Comb seat 2 can slide in the axial direction along the surface of rotating shaft 1, and the gap Δ set between comb 3 in the axial direction by adjusting the thickness of packing ring 4 is 35mm.
See Fig. 2,3 comb 3 are fixed on the outer round surface of comb seat 2, and angle is 120 ° each other, namely 360 ° 1/3.See Fig. 3, the crown 32 of comb 3 is 0 ° ~ 90 ° relative to the elevation angle of comb main body 31, is designed to 45 ° herein.The comb of different cross section shape, see Fig. 4, preferentially selects cross section to be the groove type comb of rectangle.
Operating diagram when device uses is see Fig. 5, the caragana microphylla fruit pod 12 hung on caragana microphylla branch 11 falls in the groove of comb in the comb effect of scraping of the comb 3 be rotating, along with being rotated further of comb, caragana microphylla fruit pod slides to rotating shaft again, naturally other gathering unit is fallen into, another root comb of group starts the same process of repetition together simultaneously, and the branch centre that the existence of comb end crown makes comb 3 more easily go deep into caragana microphylla is gone.
The comb of groove type that this device adopts allows caragana microphylla fruit pod comb to keep in a groove, when above comb turns to rotating shaft when certain position, just permission really pod naturally fall on other gathering unit below rotating shaft under gravity; Both having avoided when comb gathers caragana microphylla bottom fruit pod and shed adopting the fruit pod got off the waste caused on the ground, having also ensure that the collection effect of comb when gathering caragana microphylla top layer fruit pod.
Embodiment 2
Caragana Microphylla Seed harvester shown in Figure 6, embodiment 2 is with the difference of embodiment 1: the axis out of plumb of comb 3 and rotating shaft 1, and angle theta is 20 °; The two ends of rotating shaft 1 are obtained by the bearing 5 at two ends and support; Meanwhile, its type of drive has changed electromotor 23 into and drives rotating shaft 1 to rotate by belt 22, belt pulley 21.

Claims (6)

1. Caragana Microphylla Seed harvester, is characterized in that: it comprises some comb, and fixed fingers also drives the rotating shaft that comb rotates together around its axis, the driving mechanism that drive shaft rotates.
2. Caragana Microphylla Seed harvester as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: rotating shaft is fixed with 1 group or organize comb in the axial direction, often group comb is evenly arranged in along the circumferential direction on 1 comb seat by one or more comb and forms, and two adjacent groups comb is 8mm ~ 58mm along the gap Δ that shaft axis direction is formed.
3. Caragana Microphylla Seed harvester as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: described comb is groove type, its cross section is " U " shape, " V " shape, trapezoidal or rectangle.
4. Caragana Microphylla Seed harvester as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: comb or out of plumb vertical with rotating shaft, the length of comb is 300mm ~ 1000mm.
5. the Caragana Microphylla Seed harvester as described in claim arbitrary in Claims 1-4, is characterized in that: there is crown one end of comb, and the other end is fixed in rotating shaft by comb seat, and the elevation angle of the relative comb main body of comb crown is 0 ° ~ 90 °.
6. Caragana Microphylla Seed harvester as claimed in claim 2, is characterized in that: the size of the gap Δ between comb and comb sets by selecting the adjustment packing ring of different-thickness.
CN201520910408.2U 2015-11-12 2015-11-12 Caragana korshinskii seed collection system Expired - Fee Related CN205179781U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520910408.2U CN205179781U (en) 2015-11-12 2015-11-12 Caragana korshinskii seed collection system

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520910408.2U CN205179781U (en) 2015-11-12 2015-11-12 Caragana korshinskii seed collection system

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN205179781U true CN205179781U (en) 2016-04-27

Family

ID=55772846

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201520910408.2U Expired - Fee Related CN205179781U (en) 2015-11-12 2015-11-12 Caragana korshinskii seed collection system

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN205179781U (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105594370A (en) * 2015-11-12 2016-05-25 南京林业大学 Caragana microphylla seed collecting device

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105594370A (en) * 2015-11-12 2016-05-25 南京林业大学 Caragana microphylla seed collecting device

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN105594370A (en) Caragana microphylla seed collecting device
CN202979822U (en) Automatic rope winding device for trees
CN102388743B (en) Method for promoting growth of plants on manganese tailing residues
CN105393854B (en) A kind of plant snow removing equipment
CN205179781U (en) Caragana korshinskii seed collection system
CN201479687U (en) Walking stumping machine
CN205179784U (en) Caragana korshinskii seed machine of gathering
CN205179782U (en) Combined type caragana korshinskii seed collection system
CN105284287A (en) Harvesting machine for caragana microphylla seeds
CN205694392U (en) A kind of agricultural Radix Glycyrrhizae collection device
CN205336934U (en) Green -feed cutting device
CN205005497U (en) Safflower harvester is picked to self -propelled rubber roll friction bull
CN104186289A (en) Method for planting aquatic weeds
CN204907582U (en) Good fortune longevity spiral shell ovum collection system
CN105594372B (en) More main shaft Caragana Microphylla Seed harvesters
CN105594371B (en) Combined type Caragana Microphylla Seed acquisition device
CN108243712A (en) A kind of industrial Chinese fiber crops combine harvester
CN206602843U (en) A kind of numb united reaper of the industrial Chinese
CN206602846U (en) A kind of cutting disc system of the numb united reaper of the industrial Chinese
CN206602845U (en) A kind of two grades of gap bridge systems of the numb united reaper of the industrial Chinese
CN205596621U (en) High pole emerged plant's system of gathering
CN204131998U (en) A kind of tea seed picking net
CN108507820A (en) A kind of agricultural construction soil sampling apparatus
CN213847676U (en) Rotatable arm fixed tree trunk device for collecting oil tea
CN205727097U (en) Many main shafts Caragana Microphylla Seed harvester

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20160427

Termination date: 20161112

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee