CN205174615U - Air source multiple air conditioner heat pump system - Google Patents

Air source multiple air conditioner heat pump system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN205174615U
CN205174615U CN201520907825.1U CN201520907825U CN205174615U CN 205174615 U CN205174615 U CN 205174615U CN 201520907825 U CN201520907825 U CN 201520907825U CN 205174615 U CN205174615 U CN 205174615U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
valve
heat exchanger
heat
defrosting
air
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Withdrawn - After Issue
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CN201520907825.1U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
石文星
李子爱
黄文宇
李先庭
王宝龙
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Tsinghua University
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Tsinghua University
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Priority to CN201520907825.1U priority Critical patent/CN205174615U/en
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Abstract

The utility model provides an air source multiple air conditioner heat pump system, belongs to heat supply and air conditioner field. This system includes outdoor unit, heat pump host computer, four parts of defrosting module and indoor unit. The outdoor unit includes at least one parallelly connected cooling tower module, two at least parallelly connected air -cooled heat exchanger module, first liquid pump and second liquid pumps. The defrosting module is including defrosting heat exchanger and second choke valve to with indoor unit parallel connection. The utility model discloses an air source multiple air conditioner heat pump system is in summer during the cooling, and the by freezing tower is to outdoor heat extraction, during the winter heat supply, through air -cooled heat exchanger from the outdoor heat of getting to it defrosts to air -cooled heat exchanger to utilize the defrosting module to prepare hot water. This system has that summer refrigeration is high -efficient, heat winter and the reliable characteristics that defrost, has solved the problem that conventional air source multiple air conditioner heat pump system can't take into account refrigeration efficiency and heat the reliability.

Description

A kind of air-source multiple air conditioner heat pump system
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of air-source multiple air conditioner heat pump system, belongs to heat supply and field of air conditioning.
Background technology
Multiple air conditioner heat pump system utilizes kind of refrigeration cycle or heat pump cycle, and in conjunction with variable refrigerant volume control technology, is high temperature heat source or low-temperature heat source respectively, utilizes multiple end to provide cold or heat to user in winter, summer with Environmental Heat Source.According to the difference of heat resource form, multiple air conditioner heat pump system is mainly divided into air-source and water source two class, and wherein air-source multiple air conditioner heat pump system is current Major Systems form.According to the difference of the off-premises station type of cooling, air-source multiple air conditioner heat pump system is mainly divided into again directly air-cooled and water-cooled.
Adopt the air-source multiple air conditioner heat pump system of direct air cooling way to utilize air cooling heat exchanger to discharge condensation heat in summer, outdoor air obtains sensible heat and also heats up, in the winter time system heat-obtaining in air outdoor.This system is easy for installation, the scope of application is broad, floor space is little, but have that cooling in summer efficiency is low, the problem of the easy frosting of outdoor air cooling heat exchanger under winter low temperature environment.
For the problem of the easy frosting of air cooling heat exchanger outdoor under winter low temperature environment, the method for current air-source multiple air conditioner heat pump system many employings reverse cycle defrosting and hot gas bypass defrosting.Reverse cycle defrosting mode runs defrost cycle by cross valve commutation, and frequent commutation can increase noise and affect the life-span of compressor and cross valve, and needs during defrosting, from the heat absorption of user room, to greatly reduce indoor comfortableness.Hot gas bypass defrosting mode utilizes the high-temperature exhaust air of compressor to defrost, and defrosting time is long, and easily makes compressor return liquid, affects comfortableness and security.The mode that Chinese patent (application number CN201510169978.5, application number CN201410440826.X) all adopts two outdoor air cooling heat exchangers alternately to defrost, the former realizes defrosting and continuous heat supply by the switching of the multiple magnetic valves in refrigerating circuit, and latter is realized by the switching of two cross valves., there is cross valve equally and frequently switch the problem affecting the cross valve life-span in the mode that Chinese patent (Authorization Notice No. CN102878737B) adopts multiple outdoor unit modules alternately to defrost.The multi-connected unit phase change energy storage hot liquid defrosting system that Chinese patent (Authorization Notice No. CN102003853B) proposes avoids the problems referred to above, but there is the shortcoming that energy storage density is little, cost is high and durability is bad.
Water-cooling pattern is adopted to replace direct air cooling way effectively can solve the directly air-cooled inefficient problem of air-source multiple air conditioner heat pump system cooling in summer.Water-cooled air-source multiple air conditioner heat pump system utilizes cooling tower to produce the heat extraction medium of cooling water as off-premises station in summer, the refrigerating efficiency of multiple on-line system can be significantly improved, but there is the problem that cooling water freezes in the winter time, there is no suitable low-grade heat source to ensure that multiple air conditioner heat pump system is normally run.The way of its routine combines with forms such as region heat supply network heat supplies, causes the increase of cost and energy resource consumption.Chinese patent (Authorization Notice No. CN203964451U) proposes and utilizes solution spraying air to build the method for energy tower as heat pump multi-connected machine heat-obtaining system, and during refrigeration, energy tower is directly as condenser, as evaporimeter when heating.Though this system and method solves the antifreeze problem of cooling water and avoids defrosting, but exist solution cost high, fly away that loss is large, the high deficiency of regeneration energy consumption, and the restriction of installation site due to energy tower, itself and indoor set distance, increase refrigerant line scale, cause multi-connected machine performance degradation.
Therefore, research and development have refrigerated efficient, heat supply continous-stable, the feature such as reliable air-source multiple air conditioner heat pump system form be the important channel further developing and promote air-source multiple air conditioner heat pump systematic function.
Utility model content
Based on above-mentioned background, the utility model proposes a kind of air-source multiple air conditioner heat pump system, this system realizes efficient cooling by cooling tower to outdoor heat extraction summer, winter is by air cooling heat exchanger air heat-obtaining solve defrosting problem, to improve efficiency of energy utilization and the reliability of heat-supply system of air-source multiple air conditioner heat pump system further by heat pump hot water preparing outdoor.
The technical solution of the utility model is as follows:
A kind of air-source multiple air conditioner heat pump system, comprises outdoor unit, heat pump main frame, defrosting module and indoor units four parts; Indoor units comprises at least two indoor sets in parallel, and each indoor set comprises indoor heat exchanger and the 3rd choke valve, and heat pump main frame comprises compressor, cross valve, main frame heat exchanger and first throttle valve; It is characterized in that: outdoor unit comprises at least one cooling tower module, at least two air cooling heat exchanger modules, the first liquid pump and the second liquid pumps, each cooling tower module comprises cooling tower, the first valve and the second valve, each air cooling heat exchanger module comprises air cooling heat exchanger, the 3rd valve, the 4th valve, the 5th valve and the 6th valve, and defrosting module comprises defrosting heat exchanger and second throttle; the inlet ductwork of each cooling tower and export pipeline are connected in the export pipeline of main frame heat exchanger and the inlet ductwork of the first liquid pump respectively by the first valve and the second valve, the heat-obtaining inlet ductwork of each air cooling heat exchanger and heat-obtaining export pipeline are connected in the export pipeline of main frame heat exchanger and the inlet ductwork of the first liquid pump respectively by the 3rd valve and the 4th valve, and the defrosting inlet ductwork of each air cooling heat exchanger and defrosting outlet pipeline are connected in the defrosting export pipeline of heat exchanger and the inlet ductwork of the second liquid pump respectively by the 5th valve and the 6th valve, three valve ports of the cross valve in described heat pump main frame respectively with the suction line of compressor, the gas exhaust piping of compressor, the refrigerant line of main frame heat exchanger one end is connected, another valve port is connected with refrigerant gas main pipe rail, the refrigerant line of the main frame heat exchanger other end is connected with refrigerant liquid main pipe rail through first throttle valve, described defrosting module and indoor units are also connected between refrigerant gas main pipe rail and refrigerant liquid main pipe rail.
The utility model is compared with traditional air-source multiple air conditioner heat pump system, and tool has the following advantages and beneficial effect:
1. compared with traditional water-cooled multi-connected machine, the outdoor heat exchange unit that the utility model adopts comprises at least one cooling tower module in parallel and at least two air cooling heat exchanger modules, by the opening and closing of valve in modules, realize the switching of cooling, heat supply function flexibly.
2. compared with traditional direct air-cooled multi-connected machine, the utility model utilizes outdoor heat exchange unit indirectly using air as Cooling and Heat Source, decrease the restriction to heat pump main frame installation site, and then reduce the scale of refrigerant line, the performance degradation reducing refrigrant leakage risk and caused by cold-producing medium long pipe runs and the indoor and outdoor machine discrepancy in elevation.
3., compared with traditional direct air-cooled multi-connected machine, the utility model utilizes cooling tower with vapor cooling system heat extraction in summer, and cooling efficiency is higher; Utilize defrosting module to prepare hot water to air cooling heat exchanger alternately defrosting in the winter time, avoid frequent switching and the start and stop of the parts such as the cross valve in refrigerant loop, compressor, ensure that continuous heat supply, improve the reliability of system, service life and security.
Generally speaking, the utility model provides that a kind of cooling is efficient, heat supply and the reliable multiple air conditioner heat pump system of defrosting, to solution air-source multiple air conditioner heat pump system Winter heat supply problem, reduces energy resource consumption and has important effect.
Accompanying drawing explanation
The structural representation of Fig. 1 a kind of air-source multiple air conditioner heat pump system disclosed in the utility model.
Fig. 2 is the fundamental diagram of air-source multiple air conditioner heat pump system cloud gray model heat supply not defrosting mode in the utility model.
Fig. 3 is the fundamental diagram of air-source multiple air conditioner heat pump system cloud gray model heat supply defrosting mode in the utility model.
Fig. 4 is the fundamental diagram of air-source multiple air conditioner heat pump system cloud gray model cooling mode in the utility model.
In figure: 1-cooling tower module; 11-cooling tower; 12-second valve; 13-first valve; 2-air cooling heat exchanger module; 21-air cooling heat exchanger; 22-the 4th valve; 23-the 3rd valve; 24-the 6th valve; 25-the 5th valve; 3-first liquid pump; 4-second liquid pump; 5-heat pump main frame; 51-compressor; 52-cross valve; 53-main frame heat exchanger; 54-first throttle valve; 6-defrosts module; 61-defrosts heat exchanger; 62-second throttle; 7-indoor set; 71-indoor heat exchanger; 72-the 3rd choke valve.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, structure of the present utility model, principle and operational mode are further elaborated:
The structural representation of Fig. 1 a kind of air-source multiple air conditioner heat pump system disclosed in the utility model.Described air-source multiple air conditioner heat pump system comprises outdoor unit, heat pump main frame 5, defrosting module 6 and indoor units four parts; Indoor units comprises the indoor set 7 of the parallel connection being no less than two, and each indoor set 7 comprises indoor heat exchanger 71 and the 3rd choke valve 72, and heat pump main frame comprises compressor 51, cross valve 52, main frame heat exchanger 53 and first throttle valve 54; Outdoor unit comprises at least one cooling tower module 1, at least two air cooling heat exchanger module 2, first liquid pumps 3 and the second liquid pump 4, each cooling tower module 1 comprises cooling tower 11, first valve 13 and the second valve 12, each air cooling heat exchanger module 2 comprises air cooling heat exchanger 21, the 3rd valve 23, the 4th valve 22, the 5th valve 25 and the 6th valve 24, and defrosting module 6 comprises defrosting heat exchanger 61 and second throttle 62; the inlet ductwork of each cooling tower 11 and export pipeline are connected in the export pipeline of main frame heat exchanger 53 and the inlet ductwork of the first liquid pump 3 respectively by the first valve 13 and the second valve 12, the heat-obtaining inlet ductwork of each air cooling heat exchanger 21 and heat-obtaining export pipeline are connected in the export pipeline of main frame heat exchanger 53 and the inlet ductwork of the first liquid pump 3 respectively by the 3rd valve 23 and the 4th valve 22, and the defrosting inlet ductwork of each air cooling heat exchanger 21 and defrosting outlet pipeline are connected in the defrosting export pipeline of heat exchanger 61 and the inlet ductwork of the second liquid pump 4 respectively by the 5th valve 25 and the 6th valve 24, three valve ports of the cross valve 52 in described heat pump main frame respectively with the suction line of compressor 51, the gas exhaust piping of compressor 51, the refrigerant line of main frame heat exchanger 53 one end is connected, another valve port is connected with refrigerant gas main pipe rail, the refrigerant line of main frame heat exchanger 53 other end is connected with refrigerant liquid main pipe rail through first throttle valve 54, described defrosting module 6 and indoor units are also connected between refrigerant gas main pipe rail and refrigerant liquid main pipe rail.
Fig. 2 is the fundamental diagram of the not defrosting mode of the air-source multiple air conditioner heat pump system cloud gray model heat supply described in the utility model.When system is run in the winter time, open the 3rd valve 23 at least one air cooling heat exchanger module and the 4th valve 22, close remaining valve, remaining air cooling heat exchanger and all cooling towers in outdoor unit, open the first liquid pump 3, close the second liquid pump 4 and second throttle 62, switch cross valve 52 and make the operation of heat pump main frame heat circulation pattern; Water or solution enter the air cooling heat exchanger module 2 of unlatching and heat-obtaining outdoor under the driving of the first liquid pump 3, and then heat release in main frame heat exchanger 53, circulates according to this; Arrived the indoor set opened from heat pump main frame 5 high-temperature high-pressure refrigerant out by refrigerant gas main pipe rail, after user's heat supply, return heat pump main frame 5 by refrigerant liquid main pipe rail.
Fig. 3 is the fundamental diagram of air-source multiple air conditioner heat pump system cloud gray model heat supply defrosting mode described in the utility model.When system is run in the winter time, open the 3rd valve 23 at least one the air cooling heat exchanger module not needing to defrost and the 4th valve 22, and the 5th valve opened at least one the air cooling heat exchanger module needing to defrost and the 6th valve, close remaining valve, remaining air cooling heat exchanger and all cooling towers in outdoor unit, open the first liquid pump 3 and the second liquid pump 4, switching cross valve 52 makes the operation of heat pump main frame heat circulation pattern, and regulates second throttle 62; Water or solution enter the air cooling heat exchanger module that opens the 3rd valve 23 and the 4th valve 22 and heat-obtaining outdoor under the driving of the first liquid pump 3, and then heat release in main frame heat exchanger 53, circulates according to this; The indoor set opened is arrived to user's heat supply by a refrigerant gas main pipe rail part from heat pump main frame 5 high-temperature high-pressure refrigerant out, another part arrives the hot water that defrosting module 6 produces defrosting, then converges and returns heat pump main frame 5 by refrigerant liquid main pipe rail.
Fig. 4 is the principles and structure schematic diagram of air-source multiple air conditioner heat pump system cloud gray model cooling mode described in the utility model.When system is at summer operation, open the first valve 13 and the second valve 12 at least one cooling tower module, close remaining valve, remaining cooling tower and all cooling tower air cooling heat exchangers in outdoor unit, open the first liquid pump 3, close the second liquid pump 4 and second throttle 62, switch cross valve 52 and make heat pump main frame running refrigerating circulation pattern; Water or solution enter in main frame heat exchanger 53 and absorb heat under the driving of the first liquid pump 3, then enter the cooling tower module 1 of unlatching and to outdoor heat release, circulate according to this; Arrived the indoor set opened from heat pump main frame 5 high-pressure refrigerant out by refrigerant liquid main pipe rail, after user's cooling, return heat pump main frame 5 by refrigerant gas main pipe rail.

Claims (1)

1. an air-source multiple air conditioner heat pump system, comprises outdoor unit, heat pump main frame (5), defrosting module (6) and indoor units four parts, indoor units comprises at least two indoor sets in parallel (7), and each indoor set (7) comprises indoor heat exchanger (71) and the 3rd choke valve (72), heat pump main frame comprises compressor (51), cross valve (52), main frame heat exchanger (53) and first throttle valve (54), it is characterized in that: outdoor unit comprises at least one cooling tower module (1), at least two air cooling heat exchanger modules (2), the first liquid pump (3) and the second liquid pumps (4), each cooling tower module (1) comprises cooling tower (11), the first valve (13) and the second valve (12), and each air cooling heat exchanger module (2) comprises air cooling heat exchanger (21), the 3rd valve (23), the 4th valve (22), the 5th valve (25) and the 6th valve (24), defrosting module (6) comprises defrosting heat exchanger (61) and second throttle (62), the inlet ductwork of each cooling tower (11) and export pipeline are connected in the export pipeline of main frame heat exchanger (53) and the inlet ductwork of the first liquid pump (3) respectively by the first valve (13) and the second valve (12), the heat-obtaining inlet ductwork of each air cooling heat exchanger (21) and heat-obtaining export pipeline are connected in the export pipeline of main frame heat exchanger (53) and the inlet ductwork of the first liquid pump (3) respectively by the 3rd valve (23) and the 4th valve (22), and the defrosting inlet ductwork of each air cooling heat exchanger (21) and defrosting outlet pipeline are connected in the export pipeline of defrosting heat exchanger (61) and the inlet ductwork of the second liquid pump (4) respectively by the 5th valve (25) and the 6th valve (24), three valve ports of the cross valve (52) in described heat pump main frame are connected with the suction line of compressor (51), the gas exhaust piping of compressor (51), the refrigerant line of main frame heat exchanger (53) one end respectively, another valve port is connected with refrigerant gas main pipe rail, the refrigerant line of main frame heat exchanger (53) other end is connected with refrigerant liquid main pipe rail through first throttle valve (54), and described defrosting module (6) and indoor units are also connected between refrigerant gas main pipe rail and refrigerant liquid main pipe rail.
CN201520907825.1U 2015-11-13 2015-11-13 Air source multiple air conditioner heat pump system Withdrawn - After Issue CN205174615U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520907825.1U CN205174615U (en) 2015-11-13 2015-11-13 Air source multiple air conditioner heat pump system

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520907825.1U CN205174615U (en) 2015-11-13 2015-11-13 Air source multiple air conditioner heat pump system

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105318454A (en) * 2015-11-13 2016-02-10 清华大学 Air source multi-connected type air conditioning heat pump system and operation method thereof

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105318454A (en) * 2015-11-13 2016-02-10 清华大学 Air source multi-connected type air conditioning heat pump system and operation method thereof
CN105318454B (en) * 2015-11-13 2018-04-10 清华大学 A kind of air-source multiple air conditioner heat pump system and its operation method

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AV01 Patent right actively abandoned

Granted publication date: 20160420

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