CN205171643U - Basement roof drainage system - Google Patents

Basement roof drainage system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN205171643U
CN205171643U CN201520950563.7U CN201520950563U CN205171643U CN 205171643 U CN205171643 U CN 205171643U CN 201520950563 U CN201520950563 U CN 201520950563U CN 205171643 U CN205171643 U CN 205171643U
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China
Prior art keywords
top board
layer
basic unit
drainage system
river
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CN201520950563.7U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
胡恭健
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Zhejiang Rong Lin environmental Limited by Share Ltd
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Zhejiang Rong Lin Environmental Engineering Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201520950563.7U priority Critical patent/CN205171643U/en
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a basement roof drainage system aims at providing the drainage system that a concentrated infiltration rainwater carries out the drainage, is applicable to the underground garage, and its technical scheme main points are, including the green vegetable layer, planting soil layer, the filter layer that set gradually, hold the drainage blanket, hinder root layer, roof basic unit, hinder and be equipped with one between root layer and the roof basic unit and look for slope layer and a screed -coat, screed -coat around in looking for slope layer outer lane and be in the edge of roof basic unit, the surface of roof basic unit is equipped with a plurality of catch water drains, the side of roof basic unit is equipped with the outer discharge mouth of a river with the screed -coat intercommunication, discharge the outward mouth of a river and catch water drain feed through. Through roof basic unit be equipped with a plurality of catch water drains on the surface, in rainwater infiltration trickling to the ditch of catchmenting, through the catch water drain water conservancy diversion mouth of a river of discharging outside to, the mouth of a river of discharging has outward made things convenient for the discharge of the rainwater of the ground storehouse top surface of large tracts of land, the environmental protection is durable, clean environment.

Description

Storehouse, ground top board drainage system
Technical field
The utility model relates to drainage structures technical field, and more particularly, it relates to storehouse, a kind of ground top board drainage system.
Background technology
Along with developing rapidly of urbanization, be solve the problem of parking difficulty, large size city synthesis can design the underground garage of full paving usually, and above top plate of underground parking garage earthing, for laying outdoor pipeline and plantation greening etc.When rainy season set, a large amount of rainwater oozes under greening or road crack, there is a large amount of ponding above top board.
At present, application number be 201320387421.5 Chinese patent disclose a kind of drainage system for top plate of underground parking garage.Described drainage system is arranged in the top board of a underground garage, described drainage system comprises a waterproof mortar course, a floor drain and a gutter, described waterproof mortar course is arranged in the top board of described underground garage, described floor drain is arranged on the below of described waterproof mortar course, and described waterproof mortar course to described floor drain forms a slope, the bottom of described floor drain is connected to a underground garage sump by described gutter.
Although a certain amount of solution drainage problem of design energy of the slope that this employing is traditional, the area of storehouse, many ground end face is comparatively large, adopts this way then to cause drainage effect poor, easily causes vegetation long period of soaking in water, affect the survival rate of plant.
Utility model content
For the deficiency that prior art exists, the purpose of this utility model is oozed rainwater under being to provide a kind of concentrating and is carried out draining, is applicable to the drainage system of underground garage.
For achieving the above object, the utility model provides following technical scheme:
Storehouse, a kind of ground top board drainage system, comprise set gradually green vegetation layer, plantation soil layer, filtration beds, water-storage-drainage layer, stopping area, top board basic unit, being provided with a sloping layer and a leveling layer, described leveling layer between described stopping area and top board basic unit around sloping layer outer ring is in the edge of top board basic unit, the surface of described top board basic unit is provided with some collecting gutters, the side of described top board basic unit is provided with the outer discharge mouth of a river be communicated with leveling layer, and the described outer discharge mouth of a river is communicated with collecting gutter.
Further setting: described water-storage-drainage layer is provided with drainage plate, described drainage plate comprise base plate and circular cone convex, circular cone convex is arranged with Y-direction linear array in X direction along backplate surface, circular cone convex inside is provided with hollow storage chamber, and the position of base plate between adjacent four circular cone convexes is provided with drain hole.
Further setting: adjacent four circular cone convexes are formed square, are provided with along this square diagonal the reinforcing rib connecting circular cone convex between two.
Further setting: described drainage plate adopts high-density polyethylene material to make.
Further setting: described stopping area is density polyethylene film with high.
Further setting: the surface of described sloping layer is inclined to set, gradient is 0.5%.
Further setting: described filtration beds adopts polyester non-woven fabric, described stopping area adopts polymer modified bituminous waterproof sheet material, and described sloping layer adopts light ceramsite concrete.
Further setting: described outer row's water outlet establishes gutter, and gutter is communicated with collecting gutter.
Further setting: described outer row's water outlet is provided with gutter, and described gutter one end is communicated with the outer discharge mouth of a river, the other end is connected to bottom of the reservior portion, ground, and is provided with plash in bottom of the reservior, ground portion.
Further setting: described outer row's water outlet is provided with rubble and french drain, is connected with flexible porous tube in described french drain.
By adopting technique scheme, the utility model hinge structure is compared to be had: by being provided with some collecting gutters on the surface of top board basic unit, rain penetration trickling is to catchmenting in ditch, the outer discharge mouth of a river is guided to through collecting gutter, the outer discharge mouth of a river facilitates the discharge of the rainwater of storehouse, large-area ground end face, environmental and durable, cleaning ambient, this drainage system is specially adapted to top, underground parking, other scopes of application also comprise roof, city square, golf course, road center isolation strip, indoor, balcony etc.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the three-dimensional structure layer schematic diagram of storehouse, ground top board drainage system;
Fig. 2 is the two-dimensional structure layer schematic diagram of storehouse, ground top board drainage system;
Fig. 3 is the structure chart of the drainage plate of storehouse, ground top board drainage system;
Fig. 4 is embodiment one schematic diagram of storehouse, ground top board drainage system;
Fig. 5 is embodiment two schematic diagram of storehouse, ground top board drainage system;
Fig. 6 is embodiment three schematic diagram of storehouse, ground top board drainage system.
In figure: 1, green vegetation layer; 2, soil layer is planted; 3, filtration beds; 4, water-storage-drainage layer; 41, drainage plate; 5, stopping area; 6, top board basic unit; 7, sloping layer; 8, leveling layer; 9, gutter; 10, the outer discharge mouth of a river; 11, collecting gutter; 12, base plate; 13, circular cone convex; 14, hollow storage chamber; 15, drain hole; 16, reinforcing rib; 17, gutter; 18, plash; 19, french drain; 20, flexible porous tube.
Detailed description of the invention
Referring to figs. 1 through Fig. 6 over the ground storehouse top board drainage system be described further.
Referring to figs. 1 to Fig. 2, storehouse, a kind of ground top board drainage system, comprise set gradually green vegetation layer 1, plantation soil layer 2, filtration beds 3, water-storage-drainage layer 4, stopping area 5, top board basic unit 6, being provided with a sloping layer 7 and a leveling layer 8, leveling layer 8 between stopping area 5 and top board basic unit 6 around sloping layer 7 outer ring is in the edge of top board basic unit 6, the surface of top board basic unit 6 is provided with some collecting gutters 11, the side of top board basic unit 6 is provided with the outer discharge mouth of a river 10 be communicated with leveling layer 8, and the outer discharge mouth of a river 10 is communicated with collecting gutter 11.
In this programme, with reference to Fig. 3, water-storage-drainage layer 4 is provided with drainage plate 5, drainage plate 5 comprise base plate 12 and circular cone convex 13, circular cone convex 13 is arranged with Y-direction linear array in X direction along base plate 12 surface, circular cone convex 13 inside is provided with hollow storage chamber 14, and the position of base plate 12 between adjacent four circular cone convexes 13 is provided with drain hole 15.The arranging of circular cone convex 13 is formed on the one hand can the cavity of retaining, stores the water yield form isolating frame dead level on the other hand, good heat insulating function to vegetation.The shortcoming that after the arranging of drain hole 15 effectively prevents earthing, geotextiles is sunk, keeps the drainage space that bottom is unobstructed.
Further setting: adjacent four circular cone convexes 13 are formed square, are provided with the reinforcing rib 16 connecting circular cone convex 13 between two along this square diagonal.Reinforcing rib 16 greatly strengthens the support degree between circular cone convex 13, is convenient to curling on the one hand; On the other hand, the weakness of coiled material intensity not as sheet material is overcome.
In this programme, drainage plate 5 adopts high-density polyethylene material to make.Compressive strength is high, and good permeability, water guide effect are better, effectively can derive rainwater fast, greatly reduce the hydrostatic pressing even eliminating waterproofing course, can effectively can reduce indoor 14 decibels by polyethylene drainage plate by this active water guide principle, the noise of 500HZ, has obvious noise abatement sound insulation function.
In this programme, stopping area 5 is density polyethylene film with high.Have every the anti-puncture function of root with to building waterproof layer available protecting.
In this programme, the surface of sloping layer 7 is inclined to set, and gradient is 0.5%.The slope of sloping layer 7 makes to dredge the outer discharge mouth of a river 10 place by organized for rainwater, finally passes in the storm-water system in city and goes.
In this programme, filtration beds 3 adopts polyester non-woven fabric, and stopping area 5 adopts polymer modified bituminous waterproof sheet material, and sloping layer 7 adopts light ceramsite concrete.Light ceramic as a kind of light aggregate, have that density is little, intensity is high, water absorption rate is large, insulation, the feature such as heat insulation, fire-resistant, antidetonation, be a kind of well porous pavement material.
Discharge the position at the mouth of a river 10 outside, be located at the structure by rainwater-collecting or discharge, this structure has multiple, enumerates three kinds of better embodiment in this programme.
Embodiment one, with reference to figure 4, the outer discharge mouth of a river 10 place establishes gutter 9, and gutter 9 is communicated with collecting gutter 11.
Embodiment two, with reference to figure 5, the outer discharge mouth of a river 10 place is provided with gutter 17, and gutter 17 one end is communicated with the outer discharge mouth of a river 10, and the other end is connected to bottom of the reservior portion, ground, and is provided with plash 18 in bottom of the reservior, ground portion.
Embodiment one, with reference to figure 6, the outer discharge mouth of a river 10 place is provided with rubble and french drain 19, is connected with flexible porous tube 20 in french drain 19.
In above-mentioned three kinds of embodiments, by being provided with some collecting gutters 11 on the surface of top board basic unit 6, rain penetration trickling is to catchmenting in ditch, the outer discharge mouth of a river 10 is guided to through collecting gutter 11, rainwater is circulated in gutter 9 or plash 18 or french drain 19 through the outer discharge mouth of a river 10, the effect of gutter 9 or plash 18 or french drain 19 is all the position of temporarily collecting rainwater as, by the edge of rainwater-collecting in top board basic unit 6, do not affect vegetation in top board basic unit 6, vegetation is not soaked by ponding, motility rate of withdrawing deposit.
The above is only preferred embodiment of the present utility model, protection domain of the present utility model be not only confined to above-described embodiment, and all technical schemes belonged under the utility model thinking all belong to protection domain of the present utility model.It should be pointed out that for those skilled in the art, do not departing from the some improvements and modifications under the utility model principle prerequisite, these improvements and modifications also should be considered as protection domain of the present utility model.

Claims (10)

1. storehouse, ground top board drainage system, it is characterized in that: comprise the green vegetation layer (1) set gradually, plantation soil layer (2), filtration beds (3), water-storage-drainage layer (4), stopping area (5), top board basic unit (6), a sloping layer (7) and a leveling layer (8) is provided with between described stopping area (5) and top board basic unit (6), described leveling layer (8) is around sloping layer (7) outer ring and be in the edge of top board basic unit (6), the surface of described top board basic unit (6) is provided with some collecting gutters (11), the side of described top board basic unit (6) is provided with the outer discharge mouth of a river (10) be communicated with leveling layer (8), the described outer discharge mouth of a river (10) is communicated with collecting gutter (11).
2. storehouse top board drainage system according to claim 1ly, it is characterized in that: described water-storage-drainage layer (4) is provided with drainage plate (41), described drainage plate (41) comprise base plate (14) and circular cone convex (15), circular cone convex (15) is arranged with Y-direction linear array in X direction along base plate (14) surface, circular cone convex (15) inside is provided with hollow storage chamber (14), and the position that base plate (14) is positioned between adjacent four circular cone convexes (15) is provided with drain hole (15).
3. storehouse top board drainage system according to claim 2ly, is characterized in that: adjacent four circular cone convexes (15) are formed square, are provided with the reinforcing rib (16) connecting circular cone convex (15) between two along this square diagonal.
4. storehouse top board drainage system according to claim 3ly, is characterized in that: described drainage plate (41) adopts high-density polyethylene material to make.
5. storehouse, the ground top board drainage system according to claim 1 or 4, is characterized in that: described stopping area (5) is density polyethylene film with high.
6. storehouse, the ground top board drainage system according to claim 1 or 4, is characterized in that: the surface of described sloping layer (7) is inclined to set, and gradient is 0.5%.
7. storehouse top board drainage system according to claim 1ly, is characterized in that: described filtration beds (3) adopts polyester non-woven fabric, and described stopping area (5) adopts polymer modified bituminous waterproof sheet material, and described sloping layer (7) adopts light ceramsite concrete.
8. storehouse top board drainage system according to claim 1ly, is characterized in that: the described outer discharge mouth of a river (10) place establishes gutter (9), and gutter (9) are communicated with collecting gutter (11).
9. storehouse top board drainage system according to claim 1ly, it is characterized in that: the described outer discharge mouth of a river (10) place is provided with gutter (17), described gutter (17) one end is communicated with the outer discharge mouth of a river (10), the other end is connected to bottom of the reservior portion, ground, and is provided with plash (18) in bottom of the reservior, ground portion.
10. storehouse top board drainage system according to claim 1ly, is characterized in that: the described outer discharge mouth of a river (10) place is provided with rubble and french drain (19), is connected with flexible porous tube (20) in described french drain (19).
CN201520950563.7U 2015-11-25 2015-11-25 Basement roof drainage system Active CN205171643U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520950563.7U CN205171643U (en) 2015-11-25 2015-11-25 Basement roof drainage system

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520950563.7U CN205171643U (en) 2015-11-25 2015-11-25 Basement roof drainage system

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CN205171643U true CN205171643U (en) 2016-04-20

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106592629A (en) * 2016-12-14 2017-04-26 上海建工二建集团有限公司 Boiler house explosion venting port structure and construction process thereof
CN107143096A (en) * 2017-06-06 2017-09-08 长安大学 A kind of Green Roof retained with rainwater with phosphorus removal functional
CN110805113A (en) * 2019-11-27 2020-02-18 上海宝冶集团有限公司 Construction method of basement roof outer side drainage ditch

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106592629A (en) * 2016-12-14 2017-04-26 上海建工二建集团有限公司 Boiler house explosion venting port structure and construction process thereof
CN106592629B (en) * 2016-12-14 2019-04-30 上海建工二建集团有限公司 Boiler room venting of dust explosion mouth structure and its construction technology
CN107143096A (en) * 2017-06-06 2017-09-08 长安大学 A kind of Green Roof retained with rainwater with phosphorus removal functional
CN110805113A (en) * 2019-11-27 2020-02-18 上海宝冶集团有限公司 Construction method of basement roof outer side drainage ditch

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
C56 Change in the name or address of the patentee
CP01 Change in the name or title of a patent holder

Address after: Jiaxing City, Zhejiang province 314031 Huaxin garden 11 commercial office building Room 601

Patentee after: Zhejiang Rong Lin environmental Limited by Share Ltd

Address before: Jiaxing City, Zhejiang province 314031 Huaxin garden 11 commercial office building Room 601

Patentee before: ZHEJIANG RONG LIN ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING CO., LTD.

CP02 Change in the address of a patent holder
CP02 Change in the address of a patent holder

Address after: 314050 room 1-1402, room 1-1401-1, Jing Hui square, Jiaxing economic and Technological Development Zone, Zhejiang

Patentee after: Zhejiang Rong Lin environmental Limited by Share Ltd

Address before: 314031 Room 601, 11 business building, Huaxin garden, Jiaxing, Zhejiang.

Patentee before: Zhejiang Rong Lin environmental Limited by Share Ltd