CN205170506U - Ecological pond - Google Patents

Ecological pond Download PDF

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Publication number
CN205170506U
CN205170506U CN201520950588.7U CN201520950588U CN205170506U CN 205170506 U CN205170506 U CN 205170506U CN 201520950588 U CN201520950588 U CN 201520950588U CN 205170506 U CN205170506 U CN 205170506U
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China
Prior art keywords
pond
ecological
water
plant
communicated
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CN201520950588.7U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
俞妹林
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浙江荣林环境工程有限公司
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Priority to CN201520950588.7U priority Critical patent/CN205170506U/en
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Publication of CN205170506U publication Critical patent/CN205170506U/en

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Abstract

The utility model discloses an ecological pond, including pond and revetment, characterized by, the bottom of the pool in pond is by including stratum basale, waterproof layer and growth layer on going in proper order, the bottom of the pool is the echelonment, including a plurality of ladder layers, every ladder layer all is anomalous undulation form, last withered tree and the clitter of being provided with of growth layer, the complete submerged of partly withered tree, another part withered tree surfaces, plant from the height according to the degree of depth on earth in proper order on the ladder layer has benthophyte, emerged plant, float leaf plant and hygrophyte, still be equipped with ecological chinampa on the pond, ecological chinampa includes bamboo raft or raft, and it has water society willow, nutgrass flatsedge, grass family herbaceous plant to plant on the ecological chinampa, the revetment is built by natural stone, and it has hydrophilic former dried rhizome of rehmannia quilt, bush and arbor to plant on it. The utility model has the characteristics of reasonable in design, do benefit to and move vegetation.

Description

Ecological pond

Technical field

The utility model belongs to Ecosystem Technologies field, and more particularly, it relates to a kind of ecological pond.

Background technology

Water is lifespring, is the moiety of organism and the medium of various vital process; Water is also important composition key element and the vehicle of the ecosystem and physical environment, participates in the migration of terrestrial materials and energy, conversion and circulation; By the effect of water sport, impel and the activity ensureing in the ecosystem other.Thus water is the important substance of ecotope formation and development, the valuable source that nature is depended on for existence and development.

Water environment is that the Nature animals and plants collect the abundantest region of interchange.Animal is mammals, birds, batrachians, reptilia, insect or fishes and shrimps shellfish no matter, plant then no matter hygrophyte, waterplant or mushroom, all can be subject to moistening of water and be able to amount reproduction and assemble.In today that urban ecological environment goes from bad to worse, decision maker and architect appreciate improvement urban environment necessity, a large amount of greenery patchess and waters out built, to improve appearance of city.

But, the popular feeling is fade-in along with Ecological Concept, the demand of people has not only stayed in fine garden landscape and sufficient public Rest space, but rise to gradually and require that urban green space has more ecological property and sustainability, self evolution can substitute, the compensation on ecological significance is provided for highly manual urban environment.See, city becomes the mankind and the common flourishing home of living of animals and plants at last long-rangely.And the design in ecological pond is created, the exploration to the transformation of urban green space ecology more feasible at present just.

More the concept in ecological pond, have and mention in landscape design industry, and the pond really becoming ecology after putting into practice is fresh in rare.The good example of minority is shows that meaning is greater than practical significance, and most of works belong to incomplete ecology or do not have ecological standard, and " ecological pond " from real meaning also has sizable gap.

At present, " the ecological pond " that can see in public arena, plant multiple waterplant, put some fish in a suitable place to breed, outwardly, " ecological pond " is supplied to these animals and plants with home, but along with time lapse, fish in water lose vigor gradually, and sight reduces, and manager has to more renew a collection of fry to replace." the ecological pond " of part occasion, uses so-called high-tech to purify water system, although the water quality of cleaning of, also brings the chemical substance being not suitable for biological growth, and make pond lack life, life entity loses the space of existence.What is more, and biology can not be survived in pond, becomes extinct in a large number, the defunctionalization of water, and water quality degenerates, and stinks.

Utility model content

For the deficiency that prior art exists, the purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of ecological pond, has feature reasonable in design, to be beneficial to animal and plant growth.

For achieving the above object, the utility model provides following technical scheme:

A kind of ecological pond, comprises pond and revetment, comprises stratum basale, waterproof layer and grown layer successively from down to up at the bottom of the pond in described pond; Stepped at the bottom of described pond, comprise some terraced layers; Each flight is all in irregular fluctuating shape; Described grown layer is provided with withered tree and clitter, the complete submerged of a part of withered tree, another part withered tree surfaces; Described flight is planted successively from high in the end according to the degree of depth and is implanted with submerged plant, emergent, floatingleaved plant and hygrophyte; Pond is also provided with ecological floating island, and described ecological floating island comprises bamboo raft or raft, described ecological floating island is planted and is implanted with water society willow, nutgrass flatsedge, gramineae grass plant; Described revetment is built into by blocks of natural stone, it is planted and is implanted with hydrophilic Proterozoic quilt, shrub and arbor.

Further, also submerged motor is comprised.

Further, also comprise the Buffer Pool be communicated with pond, described pond is communicated with by the water stream channel that is obliquely installed with Buffer Pool, and water circle device; Described water circle device comprises water pump, the drinking-water pipe be communicated with water pump and return water pipe; Described drinking-water pipe extend in Buffer Pool, and the side of described return water pipe from pond away from Buffer Pool is got involved in pond.

Further, described ecological pond is divided into the ecological preservation area for animals and plants self-sow, and supplies the ecological use district of mankind's activity; The area of described ecological preservation area is greater than 2 times of ecological use district.

Further, siphon atomization system is also comprised; Described siphon atomization system comprises atomizing nozzle, air filter and air regulator, extend in pond after the water inlet connecting water pipe of institute's atomizing nozzle, the air outlet of described air regulator is communicated with the inlet mouth of atomizing nozzle, and the inlet mouth of described air regulator is communicated with the air outlet of air filter.

Further, also water charging system is comprised; Described water charging system comprises the filling pipe be communicated with common conduit, is arranged on the magnetic valve on filling pipe, and for the controlling organization of Controlling solenoid valve switch; Described controlling organization comprises controller and water level sensor.

Further, pond is less than 80cm from the depth of water in two meters, revetment.

Compared with prior art, the utility model has the advantages that: be designed to the zone that several layers of terrace-type do not wait water level at the bottom of pond, the terraced fields of different gradient can create the effect of current or the discrepancy in elevation; According to different water depth, to plant primary humidogene, very water, the heavy plant such as water and floating leaf, periphery retains or plants hydrophilic Proterozoic quilt, shrub and arbor, and plant dry branches and fallen leaves and water body should be made to have maximum contact surfaces, with the needs of the procreation of the colony of animal and plant in equilibrium water to organic fertilizer.Except removing nitrogen phosphorus, waterplant and litter layer thereof form a natural biology filter, contribute to control and smell taste; Weed growth can also be hindered, insect reproduction; Root system of plant promotes that SS filters, can the blocking of anti-locking system; Form a thermal insulation layer in the winter time, contribute to making matrix from frost.In addition, at the bottom of pond, be placed with withered tree and clitter, and the complete submerged of a part of withered tree, another part withered tree surfaces, and arrange like this and can be convenient to aquatic insect and fishes and shrimps existence, natural path and the birds that also can form Amphibians are stopped a little.The function that chinampa can strengthen self purification of water body is set, its water body is maintained vigour.

Accompanying drawing explanation

Fig. 1 is the overall schematic in ecological pond in the utility model;

Fig. 2 is the vertical view in ecological pond in the utility model;

Fig. 3 is the schematic diagram of water circulation system in the utility model;

Fig. 4 is the schematic diagram of siphon atomization system in the utility model;

Fig. 5 is the schematic diagram of water charging system in the utility model.

Embodiment

Referring to figs. 1 through Fig. 5, the utility model is described further.

With reference to Fig. 1, a kind of ecological pond, comprise pond and revetment, revetment is built into by blocks of natural stone, it is planted and is implanted with hydrophilic Proterozoic quilt, shrub and arbor; Consider safety factors, pond is less than 80cm from the depth of water in two meters, revetment.Pond is divided into the ecological preservation area for animals and plants self-sow; and supply the ecological use district of mankind's activity; forbid artificial interference in protective belt or enter; various wild fauna and flora are made to have suitable growth and hidden place; ecological use district should be taken into account maximum bearing capacity, otherwise because utilizing excessively, may be destroyed overnight in ecological pond; therefore, the area of ecological preservation area is set to 2 times that are greater than ecological use district.Comprise stratum basale, waterproof layer and grown layer successively from down to up at the bottom of the pond in pond, wherein, stratum basale is enrockment, and waterproof layer comprises two-layer waterproof cloth, grown layer comprise clay component account for 40% and soil, its thickness is 100 ~ 200 centimetres; In addition, stepped at the bottom of pond, comprise some terraced layers, each flight all in irregular fluctuating shape, to provide different aquatic animals and plants Selection utilization; Grown layer is provided with withered tree and clitter, the complete submerged of a part of withered tree, another part withered tree surfaces, and be convenient to aquatic insect and fishes and shrimps existence, natural path and the birds that also can form Amphibians are stopped a little; Flight is planted successively from high in the end according to the degree of depth and is implanted with submerged plant, emergent, floatingleaved plant and hygrophyte, periphery retains or plants hydrophilic Proterozoic quilt, shrub and arbor, and plant dry branches and fallen leaves and water body should be made to have maximum contact surfaces, with the needs of the procreation of the colony of animal and plant in equilibrium water to organic fertilizer;

Pond is also provided with ecological floating island, and ecological floating island comprises bamboo raft or raft, and it kind is implanted with water society willow, nutgrass flatsedge, gramineae grass plant, arranges the function that chinampa and wetland can strengthen self purification of water body, its water body is maintained vigour.

Current ecological pond mostly is stagnant water, must not in vegeto-animal growth.Therefore, the utility model, in order to address this problem, have employed two kinds of modes:

Mode one, installs submerged motor; The setting of submerged motor is comparatively simple, only needs to install corresponding bracket, is placed in by submerged motor on bracket; When submerged motor runs, can the water in pond be made to produce certain shock-effect, and then water can be made can to obtain certain kinetic energy, thus reduce growing in a large number of algae in water area, organic substance is being uniformly distributed and think that animals and plants provide nutrient.

Mode two, designs a set of water circulation system; With reference to Fig. 2, Fig. 3, water circulation system specifically: set up the Buffer Pool be communicated with pond, and water circle device; As we can see from the figure, have a water stream channel between pond and Buffer Pool, this water stream channel is from side, pond to Buffer Pool lopsidedness; In addition, water circle device comprises water pump, the drinking-water pipe be communicated with water pump and return water pipe; Drinking-water pipe extend in Buffer Pool, and return water pipe is got involved in pond from pond away from the side of Buffer Pool; In order to prevent the foreign material in pond from entering pumping conduit, also go out to be provided with strainer at the entrance of pumping conduit, so that can foreign material be stopped.During work, water in Buffer Pool is extracted out by water pump, and gets back in pond in pond away from the marginal flow of Buffer Pool, and when the water level of the water level in Buffer Pool lower than pond, the water in pond will flow to Buffer Pool, therefore, thus forms current in pond.The formation of current, can reduce growing in a large number of algae in water area, organic substance is uniformly distributed and thinks that animals and plants provide nutrient.

In addition, consider that the utility model also has additional siphon atomization system in order to attract some animal as much as possible.

With reference to Fig. 4, siphon atomization system comprises atomizing nozzle, air filter and air regulator, to get involved in after the water inlet connecting tube of atomizing nozzle in pond (Buffer Pool also can), the air outlet of air regulator is communicated with the inlet mouth of atomizing nozzle, and the inlet mouth of air regulator is communicated with the air outlet of air filter.Siphon atomization system utilizes siphon principle, the negative pressure formed by speed governing air-flow, drunk up by the water in pond, sprays from the spout of atomizing nozzle, forms water smoke.In addition, in order to prevent the foreign material in pond to be inhaled in atomizing nozzle, also on the pipeline be communicated with the water-in of atomizing nozzle, strainer has been installed.

In addition, consider the situation because Continuous Drought weather can cause the water level in pond too low, the utility model has also set up water charging system, as shown in Figure 5, this water charging system comprises the filling pipe be communicated with common conduit, be arranged on the magnetic valve on filling pipe, and for the controlling organization of Controlling solenoid valve switch; Controlling organization comprises controller and water level sensor.Therefore, as long as water level sensor detects that water level is too low, a signal will be sent to controller, and then controller Controlling solenoid valve is opened, and is incorporated in pond by the water in common conduit.

The above is only preferred implementation of the present utility model, protection domain of the present utility model be not only confined to above-described embodiment, and all technical schemes belonged under the utility model thinking all belong to protection domain of the present utility model.It should be pointed out that for those skilled in the art, do not departing from the some improvements and modifications under the utility model principle prerequisite, these improvements and modifications also should be considered as protection domain of the present utility model.

Claims (7)

1. an ecological pond, comprises pond and revetment, it is characterized in that, comprises stratum basale, waterproof layer and grown layer successively from down to up at the bottom of the pond in described pond; Stepped at the bottom of described pond, comprise some terraced layers; Each flight is all in irregular fluctuating shape; Described grown layer is provided with withered tree and clitter, the complete submerged of a part of withered tree, another part withered tree surfaces; Described flight is planted successively from high in the end according to the degree of depth and is implanted with submerged plant, emergent, floatingleaved plant and hygrophyte; Pond is also provided with ecological floating island, and described ecological floating island comprises bamboo raft or raft, described ecological floating island is planted and is implanted with water society willow, nutgrass flatsedge, gramineae grass plant; Described revetment is built into by blocks of natural stone, it is planted and is implanted with hydrophilic Proterozoic quilt, shrub and arbor.
2. ecological pond according to claim 1, is characterized in that, also comprise submerged motor.
3. ecological pond according to claim 1, is characterized in that, also comprises the Buffer Pool be communicated with pond, and described pond is communicated with by the water stream channel that is obliquely installed with Buffer Pool, and water circle device; Described water circle device comprises water pump, the drinking-water pipe be communicated with water pump and return water pipe; Described drinking-water pipe extend in Buffer Pool, and the side of described return water pipe from pond away from Buffer Pool is got involved in pond.
4. ecological pond according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described ecological pond is divided into the ecological preservation area for animals and plants self-sow, and supplies the ecological use district of mankind's activity; The area of described ecological preservation area is greater than 2 times of ecological use district.
5. ecological pond according to claim 1, is characterized in that, also comprises siphon atomization system; Described siphon atomization system comprises atomizing nozzle, air filter and air regulator, extend in pond after the water inlet connecting water pipe of institute's atomizing nozzle, the air outlet of described air regulator is communicated with the inlet mouth of atomizing nozzle, and the inlet mouth of described air regulator is communicated with the air outlet of air filter.
6. ecological pond according to claim 5, is characterized in that, also comprise water charging system; Described water charging system comprises the filling pipe be communicated with common conduit, is arranged on the magnetic valve on filling pipe, and for the controlling organization of Controlling solenoid valve switch; Described controlling organization comprises controller and water level sensor.
7. ecological pond according to claim 1, is characterized in that, pond is less than 80cm from the depth of water in two meters, revetment.
CN201520950588.7U 2015-11-25 2015-11-25 Ecological pond CN205170506U (en)

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CN201520950588.7U CN205170506U (en) 2015-11-25 2015-11-25 Ecological pond

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520950588.7U CN205170506U (en) 2015-11-25 2015-11-25 Ecological pond

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106917449A (en) * 2017-02-07 2017-07-04 佛山市南海区九江镇初级中学 Intelligent environment protection ecoscape pond
CN108401964A (en) * 2018-01-27 2018-08-17 温州荣仙绿化园艺工程有限公司 A kind of municipal administration garden landscape pond
CN109606005A (en) * 2018-12-29 2019-04-12 浙江万川装饰设计工程有限公司 A kind of garden rockery

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106917449A (en) * 2017-02-07 2017-07-04 佛山市南海区九江镇初级中学 Intelligent environment protection ecoscape pond
CN108401964A (en) * 2018-01-27 2018-08-17 温州荣仙绿化园艺工程有限公司 A kind of municipal administration garden landscape pond
CN109606005A (en) * 2018-12-29 2019-04-12 浙江万川装饰设计工程有限公司 A kind of garden rockery

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
CP01 Change in the name or title of a patent holder

Address after: Jiaxing City, Zhejiang province 314031 Huaxin garden 11 commercial office building Room 601

Patentee after: Zhejiang Rong Lin environmental Limited by Share Ltd

Address before: Jiaxing City, Zhejiang province 314031 Huaxin garden 11 commercial office building Room 601

Patentee before: ZHEJIANG RONG LIN ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING CO., LTD.

CP02 Change in the address of a patent holder
CP02 Change in the address of a patent holder

Address after: 314050 room 1-1402, room 1-1401-1, Jing Hui square, Jiaxing economic and Technological Development Zone, Zhejiang

Patentee after: Zhejiang Rong Lin environmental Limited by Share Ltd

Address before: 314031 Room 601, 11 business building, Huaxin garden, Jiaxing, Zhejiang.

Patentee before: Zhejiang Rong Lin environmental Limited by Share Ltd