CN205149663U - Vapour exterior mirror and car - Google Patents

Vapour exterior mirror and car Download PDF

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Publication number
CN205149663U
CN205149663U CN201520677957.XU CN201520677957U CN205149663U CN 205149663 U CN205149663 U CN 205149663U CN 201520677957 U CN201520677957 U CN 201520677957U CN 205149663 U CN205149663 U CN 205149663U
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China
Prior art keywords
automobile
reflection
view mirror
reflecting surface
boosting reflector
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CN201520677957.XU
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Chinese (zh)
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王海泓
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BYD Co Ltd
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BYD Co Ltd
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Abstract

Adopt the vapour exterior mirror who divides the face from top to bottom to have the less problem of reflection visual area of supplementary plane of reflection in overcoming prior art, the utility model provides a vapour exterior mirror and car. A vapour exterior mirror, include the casing and install in lens in the casing, the lens includes the front and the back, openly be the incident surface, the back is the plane of reflection, wherein, the plane of reflection is including controlling principal reflection face and the supplementary plane of reflection that distributes, supplementary plane of reflection with there is the contained angle in the principal reflection interfacial, makes the visual area of supplementary plane of reflection moves down in order to observe the peripheral road conditions of automobile rear wheel. The utility model provides a vapour exterior mirror, the mode of dividing the face about its plane of reflection adopts sets up principal reflection face and supplementary plane of reflection, about this kind mode of dividing the face has further increased vertical reflection visual area of supplementary plane of reflection for upper and lower mode of dividing the face, can be more comprehensive reflect the road conditions that the vehicle rear wheel belonged to. Its scheme is simple, practical, with low costs.

Description

A kind of automobile outer rear-view mirror and automobile
Technical field
The utility model relates to automotive field, especially automobile outer rear-view mirror field.
Background technology
At present, the automobile outer rear-view mirror of existing main flow is on the market owing to being subject to many restrictions such as size, curvature, now automobile (car) ubiquity outside rear-view mirror vision area is on the market too small, often to occur having managed Gu far away not near, managed upper Gu not under difficult situation.
For this reason, existing common approach comprises: on a lot of full-sized car, and the scheme of back mirror is installed in general employing additional, forms back-sight visual system to expand vision area by multiple catadioptre.Although the rear-view mirror system being applied in the multiple reflection mirror composition on full-sized car can obtain good backsight effect, but its requisite space is larger, the more feature of eyeglass used can cause very large difficulty to the appearance design of vehicle, so be difficult to be applied on miniature car (car).On miniature car, a lot of automotive vehicle owner adopts that on original automobile outer rear-view mirror, to mount an area less, and the small mirrors that radius of curvature is less reaches the object of supplementary vision area.And this kind pastes the solution of a fritter more catadioptre of small curvature radius on original eyeglass, although evaded the difficulty of vehicle appearance design, but the little eyeglass be attached on large eyeglass has had a strong impact on the backsight effect of large eyeglass, even due to too disturb large eyeglass and cause large eyeglass ineffective.Another serious problem is little eyeglass because curvature is excessive, causes its imaging severe deformities, can increase the danger in vehicle drive process.
For this reason, as improvement, the existing automobile outer rear-view mirror existed as described in Figure 1, the eyeglass 1 that this automobile outer rear-view mirror comprises housing 2 and is arranged in housing 2, as Figure 2-Figure 5, this eyeglass 1 comprises front 11 and the back side 12, its front 11 is the plane of incidence of light, and the back side 12 is the reflecting surface of light; This plane of incidence is by this reflecting surface of directive after light refraction, and reflected light rays is directive human eye after this plane of incidence outgoing; Wherein, its reflecting surface comprises upper and lower two parts reflecting surface composition (being called point face formula up and down), and namely reflecting surface comprises primary reflection surface 12a and boosting reflector 12b, and its primary reflection surface 12a is arranged on top, and boosting reflector 12b is arranged on below.This kind increases the way of (also can be a multiple) boosting reflector 12b in traditional outside rear-view mirror, can be good at addressing these problems, make outside rear-view mirror can expand vision area under reduced size, almost undistorted signal situation, accomplish to due attention to both short and long-range targets, proper up and down.But applicant is in the process of this automobile outer rear-view mirror of research and development, find that this kind of mode still exists certain problem, as shown in Figure 6, find through simulation, in this Fig. 6,1. region is the reflection vision area of primary reflection surface, can meet the normal supervision to traffic conditions after car; 2. region is the reflection vision area of boosting reflector, and boosting reflector just can monitor rear wheel periphery road surface 3 situation after slightly being lowered by reflection angle targetedly.Observe known, the problem that the reflection vision area that this kind of mode still exists boosting reflector is less.
Utility model content
Adopt the automobile outer rear-view mirror in point face up and down to there is the less problem of the reflection vision area of boosting reflector for overcoming in prior art, the utility model provides a kind of automobile outer rear-view mirror and automobile,
The utility model provides a kind of automobile outer rear-view mirror on the one hand, comprises housing and is installed on the eyeglass in described housing; Described eyeglass comprises front and back, and described front is the plane of incidence, and the described back side is reflecting surface;
Wherein, described reflecting surface comprises primary reflection surface and the boosting reflector of left and right distribution; There is angle between described boosting reflector and described primary reflection surface, make the vision area of described boosting reflector move down to observe automobile back wheel periphery road conditions.
The automobile outer rear-view mirror that the utility model provides, its reflecting surface adopts the mode in point face, left and right to arrange primary reflection surface and boosting reflector, about this kind, the mode in point face further increases the longitudinal direction reflection vision area of boosting reflector relative to the mode in point face up and down, more comprehensively can reflect the road conditions at vehicle rear wheel place.It makes outside rear-view mirror can expand vision area under reduced size, almost undistorted signal situation, accomplishes to due attention to both short and long-range targets, proper up and down.So, can allow chaufeur from back mirror, easily, clearly can observe the condition of road surface more affecting running car when driving, namely increasing effective viewing area when there is no obvious distortion, providing larger help to the driving of chaufeur.Meanwhile, this front lens surface is still the same with traditional outside rear-view mirror, therefore can not make troubles to automobile design, and can reduce the probability of eyeglass breakage, and its scheme is simple, practical, cost is low.
Preferably, described reflecting surface is outer end away from one end of automobile, and described reflecting surface is inner near one end of automobile;
Described primary reflection surface arranges the outer end on reflecting surface, and described boosting reflector arranges the inner on reflecting surface.
Preferably, one is formed between described primary reflection surface and boosting reflector perpendicular to the vertical joint face of described primary reflection surface and boosting reflector;
Described vertical joint face is up-small and down-big shape.
Preferably, the width of described vertical joint face lower end is 6-10mm.
Preferably, described boosting reflector tilts from described vertical joint face to the direction of described automobile.
Preferably, the area ratio of described boosting reflector and primary reflection surface is 1:3-1:2.
Preferably, described reflecting surface is outer end away from one end of automobile, and described reflecting surface is inner near one end of automobile;
Described primary reflection surface arranges the inner on the reflecting surface, and described boosting reflector arranges outer end on the reflecting surface.
The utility model second aspect provides a kind of automobile, and wherein, described automobile comprises above-mentioned automobile outer rear-view mirror.
The automobile that the utility model provides, by the outside rear-view mirror be provided with thereon after above-mentioned improvement, its reflecting surface adopts the mode in point face, left and right to arrange primary reflection surface and boosting reflector, about this kind, the mode in point face further increases the longitudinal direction reflection vision area of boosting reflector relative to the mode in point face up and down, more comprehensively can reflect the road conditions at vehicle rear wheel place.It makes outside rear-view mirror can expand vision area under reduced size, almost undistorted signal situation, accomplishes to due attention to both short and long-range targets, proper up and down.So, can allow chaufeur from back mirror, easily, clearly can observe the condition of road surface more affecting running car when driving, namely increasing effective viewing area when there is no obvious distortion, providing larger help to the driving of chaufeur.Meanwhile, this front lens surface is still the same with traditional outside rear-view mirror, therefore can not make troubles to automobile design, and can reduce the probability of eyeglass breakage, and its scheme is simple, practical, cost is low.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the automobile outer rear-view mirror decomposing schematic representation provided in prior art;
Fig. 2 is the automobile outer rear-view mirror front schematic view provided in prior art;
Fig. 3 is the automobile outer rear-view mirror schematic perspective view provided in prior art;
Fig. 4 is the automobile outer rear-view mirror generalized section provided in prior art;
Fig. 5 is that Fig. 3 vertically partly cuts open schematic diagram;
Fig. 6 is the automobile outer rear-view mirror reflection vision area schematic diagram provided in prior art;
Fig. 7 is the automobile outer rear-view mirror front schematic view provided in the utility model detailed description of the invention;
Fig. 8 is the automobile outer rear-view mirror schematic perspective view provided in the utility model detailed description of the invention;
Fig. 9 is that Fig. 8 laterally partly cuts open schematic diagram;
Figure 10 is the automobile outer rear-view mirror generalized section provided in the utility model detailed description of the invention;
Figure 11 is the automobile outer rear-view mirror reflection vision area schematic diagram provided in the utility model detailed description of the invention.
Wherein, 1, eyeglass; 2, housing; 3, road surface; 11, front; 12, the back side; 12a, primary reflection surface; 12b, boosting reflector; 12c, vertical joint face.
Detailed description of the invention
The technical matters solved to make the utility model, technical scheme and beneficial effect are clearly understood, below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, are further elaborated to the utility model.Should be appreciated that specific embodiment described herein only in order to explain the utility model, and be not used in restriction the utility model.
Embodiment 1
The automobile outer rear-view mirror provided the utility model is carried out specific explanations explanation by this example, as shown in Figure 1 the schematic diagram of automobile outer rear-view mirror disclosed in prior art; It comprises housing 2 and is installed on the eyeglass 1 in described housing 2;
Wherein, as shown in Fig. 7-Figure 10, described eyeglass 1 comprises front 11 and the back side 12, and described front 11 is the plane of incidence, and the described back side 12 is reflecting surface; This front 11 is identical with the front 11 of traditional automobile outer rear-view mirror, only has a curved surface, its principle is the reflecting surface generally non-frontal 11 at the back side 12 of lens that outside rear-view mirror is used, this reflecting surface is generally plated in argentine the back side 12 of glass, thus the reflecting surface of outside rear-view mirror at the back side 12 of mirror non-frontal 11.
Wherein, described reflecting surface comprises primary reflection surface 12a and the boosting reflector 12b of left and right distribution; There is angle between described boosting reflector 12b and described primary reflection surface 12a, make the vision area of described boosting reflector 12b move down to observe automobile back wheel periphery road conditions.
For making those skilled in the art understand the present invention further, first defining described reflecting surface away from one end of automobile is outer end, and described reflecting surface is inner near one end of automobile.Being the upper end of reflecting surface above definition automobile, is the lower end of reflecting surface below definition automobile.
About the position distribution of this primary reflection surface 12a and boosting reflector 12b, only limiting it in this example is left and right distribution, and the distribution of so-called left and right is also the inner defined above and outer end.Because left and right outside rear-view mirror is arranged symmetrically with.So the left side of left outside back mirror is outer end, the right side of left outside back mirror is inner; Right outside back mirror is then just the opposite, and namely so the right side of right outside back mirror is outer end, the left side of right outside back mirror is inner.
About the mode distributed about this, it can be primary reflection surface 12a setting outer end on the reflecting surface, and described boosting reflector 12b arranges the inner on the reflecting surface.Or described primary reflection surface 12a arranges the inner on the reflecting surface, described boosting reflector 12b arranges outer end on the reflecting surface.All be fine, as long as regulate its boosting reflector 12b to suitable reflection angle, make it reflect road conditions observed near automobile back wheel that vision area can be better.
Such as, as shown in Figure 8, the face that this outside rear-view mirror points to paper inside is front 11 (i.e. the plane of incidence), the face pointing to paper outside is the back side 12 (i.e. reflecting surface), its light incident ray A as shown in Figure 8 is after the plane of incidence is injected, from reflective surface, its emergent ray B penetrates this plane of incidence, finally receive by human eye.In this example, with described primary reflection surface 12a setting outer end on the reflecting surface, the inner that described boosting reflector 12b is arranged on the reflecting surface is that example carries out specific explanations explanation.
When outside rear-view mirror adopts based on the distribution mode shown in Fig. 8, in this example, between described primary reflection surface 12a and boosting reflector 12b, formation one is perpendicular to the vertical joint face 12c of described primary reflection surface 12a and boosting reflector 12b; Described vertical joint face 12c is up-small and down-big shape.The reason forming this vertical joint face 12c to form suitable reflection angle, make the reflection vision area of boosting reflector 12b can observe the concrete road conditions of trailing wheel, and preferably have the larger visual field, those skilled in the art are when understanding design of the present utility model, without the need to paying performing creative labour, get final product the parameter such as radius of curvature, area that simple designs goes out its concrete boosting reflector 12b.
In this example, the width of the upper end of its vertical joint face 12c is 0mm, and the width of its lower end is 6-10mm.Also namely this boosting reflector 12b upper end is identical with the thickness between primary reflection surface 12a and front 11 with the thickness between front 11, and the thickness then on boosting reflector 12b and between front 11 thickeies from bottom to up gradually.
Meanwhile, described boosting reflector 12b tilts from described vertical joint face 12c to the direction of described automobile.Namely this boosting reflector 12b tilts from outer end to the direction of the inner.
Wherein, described primary reflection surface 12a and boosting reflector 12b is curved surface, and its radius of curvature is all more than or equal to 1200mm.So, this kind of mode ensure that the image in reflection vision area can not the distortion due to supercompression.
About the size of boosting reflector 12b and primary reflection surface 12a, be not particularly limited, as long as primary reflection surface 12a can be made to have good reflection vision area, meanwhile, ensure again the road conditions of the near rear wheels that this boosting reflector 12b can observe.It generally reasonably distributes according to the area of the wafer of outside rear-view mirror, and as preferred mode, the area ratio of described boosting reflector 12b and primary reflection surface 12a is 1:3-1:2.
Adopt the disclosed automobile outer rear-view mirror of this example, its reflection vision area as shown in figure 11, finds through simulation, in this Figure 11 1., 2. region be the reflection vision area of primary reflection surface 12a, the normal supervision to traffic conditions after car can be met; 2. 3. region is the reflection vision area of boosting reflector 12b, just can monitor rear wheel periphery road surface 3 situation targetedly after reflection angle is lowered by boosting reflector 12b slightly.Obviously, in this Figure 11, the reflection vision area of boosting reflector 12b is large much relative to the reflection vision area of the boosting reflector 12b in Fig. 6.
To sum up, the automobile outer rear-view mirror that this example provides, its reflecting surface adopts the mode in point face, left and right to arrange primary reflection surface 12a and boosting reflector 12b, about this kind, the mode in point face further increases the longitudinal direction reflection vision area of boosting reflector 12b relative to the mode in point face up and down, more comprehensively can reflect the road conditions at vehicle rear wheel place.It makes outside rear-view mirror can expand vision area under reduced size, almost undistorted signal situation, accomplishes to due attention to both short and long-range targets, proper up and down.So, can allow chaufeur from back mirror, easily, clearly can observe the condition of road surface more affecting running car when driving, namely increasing effective viewing area when there is no obvious distortion, providing larger help to the driving of chaufeur.Meanwhile, this eyeglass 1 front 11 is still the same with traditional outside rear-view mirror, therefore can not make troubles to automobile design, and can reduce the probability of eyeglass 1 breakage, and its scheme is simple, practical, cost is low.
Embodiment 2
This example provides a kind of automobile, wherein, described automobile comprise provide in above-described embodiment 1 automobile outer rear-view mirror.Because this example is not improved the miscellaneous part beyond automobile outer rear-view mirror, and above-mentioned automobile outer rear-view mirror has carried out specific explanations explanation in embodiment 1, therefore, repeats no more.
The automobile that this example provides, by the outside rear-view mirror be provided with thereon after above-mentioned improvement, its reflecting surface adopts the mode in point face, left and right to arrange primary reflection surface 12a and boosting reflector 12b, about this kind, the mode in point face further increases the longitudinal direction reflection vision area of boosting reflector 12b relative to the mode in point face up and down, more comprehensively can reflect the road conditions at vehicle rear wheel place.It makes outside rear-view mirror can expand vision area under reduced size, almost undistorted signal situation, accomplishes to due attention to both short and long-range targets, proper up and down.So, can allow chaufeur from back mirror, easily, clearly can observe the condition of road surface more affecting running car when driving, namely increasing effective viewing area when there is no obvious distortion, providing larger help to the driving of chaufeur.Meanwhile, this eyeglass 1 front 11 is still the same with traditional outside rear-view mirror, therefore can not make troubles to automobile design, and can reduce the probability of eyeglass 1 breakage, and its scheme is simple, practical, cost is low.
The foregoing is only preferred embodiment of the present utility model; not in order to limit the utility model; all do within spirit of the present utility model and principle any amendment, equivalent to replace and improvement etc., all should be included within protection domain of the present utility model.

Claims (8)

1. an automobile outer rear-view mirror, comprises housing and is installed on the eyeglass in described housing; Described eyeglass comprises front and back, and described front is the plane of incidence, and the described back side is reflecting surface;
It is characterized in that, described reflecting surface comprises primary reflection surface and the boosting reflector of left and right distribution; There is angle between described boosting reflector and described primary reflection surface, make the vision area of described boosting reflector move down to observe automobile back wheel periphery road conditions.
2. automobile outer rear-view mirror according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described reflecting surface is outer end away from one end of automobile, and described reflecting surface is inner near one end of automobile;
Described primary reflection surface arranges the outer end on reflecting surface, and described boosting reflector arranges the inner on reflecting surface.
3. automobile outer rear-view mirror according to claim 2, is characterized in that, forms one perpendicular to the vertical joint face of described primary reflection surface and boosting reflector between described primary reflection surface and boosting reflector;
Described vertical joint face is up-small and down-big shape.
4. automobile outer rear-view mirror according to claim 3, is characterized in that, the width of described vertical joint face lower end is 6-10mm.
5. automobile outer rear-view mirror according to claim 3, is characterized in that, described boosting reflector tilts from described vertical joint face to the direction of described automobile.
6. automobile outer rear-view mirror according to claim 1, is characterized in that, the area ratio of described boosting reflector and primary reflection surface is 1:3-1:2.
7. automobile outer rear-view mirror according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described reflecting surface is outer end away from one end of automobile, and described reflecting surface is inner near one end of automobile;
Described primary reflection surface arranges the inner on the reflecting surface, and described boosting reflector arranges outer end on the reflecting surface.
8. an automobile, is characterized in that, described automobile comprises the automobile outer rear-view mirror in claim 1-7 described in any one.
CN201520677957.XU 2015-09-02 2015-09-02 Vapour exterior mirror and car Active CN205149663U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520677957.XU CN205149663U (en) 2015-09-02 2015-09-02 Vapour exterior mirror and car

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520677957.XU CN205149663U (en) 2015-09-02 2015-09-02 Vapour exterior mirror and car

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN205149663U true CN205149663U (en) 2016-04-13

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
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Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN205149663U (en)

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