CN205135679U - Slip casting anchor bar - Google Patents

Slip casting anchor bar Download PDF

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Publication number
CN205135679U
CN205135679U CN201520845173.3U CN201520845173U CN205135679U CN 205135679 U CN205135679 U CN 205135679U CN 201520845173 U CN201520845173 U CN 201520845173U CN 205135679 U CN205135679 U CN 205135679U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
wedge
rod
drill bit
bolt
slip casting
Prior art date
Application number
CN201520845173.3U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
康红普
杨景贺
林健
吴拥政
王正胜
高富强
娄金福
张振峰
吴建星
吕华文
邵培森
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天地科技股份有限公司
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Priority to CN201520845173.3U priority Critical patent/CN205135679U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN205135679U publication Critical patent/CN205135679U/en

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Abstract

The utility model relates to a mine support engineering technical field, concretely relates to a slip casting anchor bar, including stock body, the wedge body and the drill bit of coaxial setting, the one end of the wedge body is inserted the stock body, the drill bit is connected to the other end, it has the slip casting passageway to link up on stock body, the wedge body and the drill bit, the stock body is during to drill bit cutting equidirectional rotatory, and the stock body is fixed with the relative position of the wedge body and drill bit, and the stock body drives the wedge body and drill bit rotation in step. The utility model provides a pair of slip casting anchor bar, can once accomplish in succession in the construction creep into, anchor and slip casting, simplify broken country rock slip casting and consolidate and strut technology, improve the construction speed that broken country rock tunnelling was strutted.

Description

A kind of grouted anchor bar
Technical field
The utility model relates to mine support field of engineering technology, particularly relates to a kind of grouted anchor bar, relates more specifically to a kind of brill anchoring integral grouted anchor bar fractured coal and rock being carried out to grouting and reinforcing and supporting.
Background technology
Bolt support is anchored in coal and rock anchor pole one end, and apply axial pre tightening force to anchor pole coal and rock is outside, by supporting components such as pallets, the distortion absciss layer of constraint roadway surrounding rock, broken swollen with the slippage changing of the relative positions.Bolt support, as coal mine roadway main support pattern safely and efficiently, obtains large scale application in China's coal-mine roadway support.
Conventional bolt support construction method utilizes Anchor Agent to be anchored in roadway surrounding rock body 1 by anchor pole 3, and its rockbolt installation state as shown in Figure 1.First the drill bit with anchor pole 3 and Anchor Agent diameter matches is used, at rockbolt installation position drilling 2 during this anchor pole 3 anchoring.Afterwards, exit drilling rod and drill bit, and load Anchor Agent in boring 2, anchor pole 3 and Anchor Agent are pushed boring 2, rotate anchor pole 3 simultaneously and stir Anchor Agent, Anchor Agent stirs Post RDBMS, certain length L bottom boring 2 2in scope, anchor pole 3 and hole wall are bondd.Tighten anchor pole afterbody nut 5, pallet 4 is pressed on the aperture country rock of boring 2 on the surface.
Adopt common process when carrying out bolt support, require that the country rock in tunnel has good structural integrity, rockbolt installation boring can be set, and beating after finishing drilling hole exits drilling rod, retain complete hole structure and shape.But, because coal measure strata is very complicated, not only there is a large amount of weak stratums, in stratum, also there is the geological structures such as a large amount of fold, tomography.This class surrounding rock, often structural integrity is poor, forms fractured coal and rock.During fractured coal and rock boring backed off after random drilling rod, hole wall easily caves in, and is especially subject to digging dynamic pressure when affect, sets rockbolt installation and holes more difficult, have a strong impact on construction quality and the speed of bolt support.
For weak broken wall rock, before bolt support construction, need the method reinforce adjoining rock adopting slip casting, improve the integrality of surrounding rock structure.Breaking surrounding rock grouting and reinforcing generally adopts self-drilling slip casting drilling rod, uses and carries out the state of slip casting as shown in Figure 2 from boring slip casting drilling rod to breaking surrounding rock.This slip casting drilling rod 6 connects grouting pump after squeezing into breaking surrounding rock 9 inside by drill bit 30, for get through to drill bit breaking surrounding rock boring 8 and wall-rock crack 7 in slip casting.
Use after boring the slip casting of slip casting drilling rod, breaking surrounding rock forms complete force transferring structure, can significantly improve structural integrity, prevents from or reduce borehole wall when bolt support is constructed caving in, for bolt support construction creates conditions.But use when brill slip casting drilling rod carries out slip casting, the boring bottom of slip casting drilling rod lacks anchor structure, can not apply axial pre tightening force after country rock squeezed into by drilling rod, little to the support action of country rock.Therefore, again again must punch after breaking surrounding rock grouting and reinforcing in the past, carry out bolt support, roll up tunnelling support engineering amount, have a strong impact on the speed of application of driving supporting, and, slip casting drilling rod can not give full play to support action, causes a large amount of wastes of material, increases engineering cost.
Utility model content
(1) technical problem that will solve
The technical problems to be solved in the utility model there is provided a kind of grouted anchor bar, can complete continuously in once construction creep into, anchoring slip casting, simplify breaking surrounding rock grouting and reinforcing and support process, improve the speed of application of breaking surrounding rock driving supporting.
(2) technical scheme
In order to solve the problems of the technologies described above, the utility model provides a kind of grouted anchor bar, and comprise the coaxial bolt body, wedge and the drill bit that arrange, described bolt body is inserted in one end of described wedge, and the other end connects described drill bit; Described bolt body, wedge and drill bit are through with slip casting passage;
When described bolt body is to the equidirectional rotation of described bit cutting, the relative position of described bolt body and described wedge and drill bit is fixed, and described bolt body drives described wedge and drill bit synchronous axial system;
When described bolt body is to the opposite spin of described bit cutting, described drill bit and wedge transfixion, described bolt body moves to the side near described drill bit vertically.
Further, aforementioned bolt body comprises the body of rod, pallet, aligning spherical washer and bar tail nut, one end ecto-entad of the described body of rod is arranged with described bar tail nut, aligning spherical washer and pallet successively, the other end plugs described wedge, is axially arranged with described slip casting passage in the described body of rod along it.
Further, aforementioned rod tail nut coordinates fixing with described body of rod tailing screw flight, and carries out initial alignment by shear pin vertically to bar tail nut.
Further, the slip casting passage in the aforementioned body of rod comprises unthreaded hole section and is arranged at the thread segment at unthreaded hole section two ends, and described wedge comprises the rotation control section, linkage section and the expansion segment that connect vertically successively; Described rotation control section external surface is axially arranged with needle roller groove along it, in described needle roller groove, is provided with needle roller; The outer wall of described linkage section is provided with the external screw thread matched with the internal thread on described thread segment; Described expansion segment is conical structure; Described wedge inserts the described body of rod by rotating control section, and makes described rotation control section be arranged in described unthreaded hole section, forms freewheel clutch drive mechanism; Described linkage section coordinates with described thread segment.
Further, the quantity of aforementioned needle roller groove is 2-4, and evenly arranges along the circumferencial direction of described rotation control section.
Further, one end that the aforementioned body of rod plugs described wedge is also provided with the shell that rises, described in the valve jacket that rises be located on described wedge, described in the shell that rises coordinate with described expansion segment, and carry out spacing to the relative movement distance of the described body of rod and wedge.
Further, the aforementioned shell that rises is made up of two panels semicircle tubulose tooth sheet, and the outer wall of described tooth sheet is circumferentially provided with ring-type alveolus, and the inwall of described tooth sheet is identical with the tapering of described wedge expansion segment; Described tooth sheet is fixed on described wedge respectively by Spring Card.
Further, the aforementioned body of rod is also arranged with sealing of hole plug, described hole sealing glue plug sleeve is loaded on inside described pallet, and described sealing of hole plug and the described body of rod pass through threaded engagement.
Further, the aforementioned body of rod is provided with non retern valve in the slip casting passage of mounting rod tail nut one end.
(3) beneficial effect
Technique scheme of the present utility model has following beneficial effect:
A kind of grouted anchor bar that the utility model provides, bolt body, wedge and drill bit is through with slip casting passage, makes it have the function of slip casting; When bolt body is to the equidirectional rotation of bit cutting, the relative position of bolt body and wedge and drill bit is fixed, and bolt body drives wedge and drill bit synchronous axial system, makes it have drilling function; When bolt body is to the opposite spin of bit cutting, drill bit and wedge transfixion, bolt body moves to the side near drill bit vertically, promotion rises by shell along wedge expansion segment axial slip, and along hole diameter to turgor pressure tieholen wall, make it have the function of anchoring, therefore make this grouted anchor bar have the function of boring, anchoring and slip casting simultaneously.
A kind of grouted anchor bar that the utility model provides, boring, anchoring on the basis of pretension can be completed continuously in once construction, by slip casting passage, grouting and reinforcing is carried out to loose wall rock, breaking surrounding rock grouting and reinforcing and support process can be simplified, improve the speed of application of breaking surrounding rock driving supporting.
A kind of grouted anchor bar that the utility model provides, realizes that tunnel broken country rock once creeps into, anchoring, and after applying pretightning force to anchor pole, carries out wall rock grouting and reinforce and anchor pole full length fastening.Solve tunnel broken wall rock grouting and reinforce the repeatedly construction problem with bolt support, can efficiency of construction be significantly improved, reduce engineering cost.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is rockbolt installation schematic diagram of the prior art;
Fig. 2 is of the prior art from boring slip casting drilling rod schematic diagram;
Fig. 3 is the overall structure schematic diagram of the utility model grouted anchor bar;
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of the bar internal injection vias inner walls in the utility model;
Fig. 5 is the wedge design schematic diagram in the utility model;
Fig. 6 is the shell structure schematic diagram that rises in the utility model;
Fig. 7 is the end view drawing of the shell that rises in the utility model;
Fig. 8 is the schematic diagram after the utility model grouted anchor bar wedge and the body of rod screw;
Fig. 9 is the schematic diagram of the utility model grouted anchor bar when creeping into;
Figure 10 is the schematic diagram of anchored end after the anchoring of the utility model grouted anchor bar;
Figure 11 is the anchoring of the utility model grouted anchor bar, pretension schematic diagram after sealing of hole.
Wherein, 1: country rock; 2: boring; 3: anchor pole; 4: pallet; 5: the bar tail nut of prior art; 6: the slip casting drilling rod of prior art; 7: wall-rock crack; 8: breaking surrounding rock internal drilling; 9: breaking surrounding rock; 10: wedge; 11: rise shell; 12: Spring Card; 13: needle roller; 14: the body of rod; 15: sealing of hole plug; 16: aligning spherical washer; 17: bar tail nut; 18: shear pin; 19: non retern valve; 20: filling adaptor; 21: unthreaded hole section; 22: right-hand member thread segment; 23: deslagging screw thread; 24: rotate control section; 25: linkage section; 26: expansion segment; 27: needle roller groove; 28: tooth sheet; 29: ring-type alveolus; 30: drill bit.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, embodiment of the present utility model is described in further detail.Following examples for illustration of the utility model, but can not be used for limiting scope of the present utility model.
In description of the present utility model, it should be noted that, except as otherwise noted, the implication of " multiple " is two or more; Term " on ", D score, "left", "right", " interior ", " outward ", " front end ", " rear end ", " head ", the orientation of the instruction such as " afterbody " or position relationship be based on orientation shown in the drawings or position relationship, only the utility model and simplified characterization for convenience of description, instead of the device of instruction or hint indication or element must have specific orientation, with specific azimuth configuration and operation, therefore can not be interpreted as restriction of the present utility model.In addition, term " first ", " second ", " the 3rd " etc. only for describing object, and can not be interpreted as instruction or hint relative importance.
In description of the present utility model, also it should be noted that, unless otherwise clearly defined and limited, term " installation ", " being connected ", " connection " should be interpreted broadly, and such as, can be fixedly connected with, also can be removably connect, or connect integratedly; Can be mechanical connection, also can be electrical connection; Can be directly be connected, also indirectly can be connected by intermediary.For the ordinary skill in the art, visual concrete condition understands the concrete meaning of above-mentioned term in the utility model.
As shown in Figure 3, a kind of grouted anchor bar that the present embodiment provides, comprise the coaxial bolt body, wedge 10 and the drill bit 30 that arrange, one end of wedge 10 connects bolt body, the other end connects drill bit 30, wherein drill bit 30 is arranged on the front end of wedge 10 by right-handed thread, and the front end in the present embodiment, rear end are respectively right-hand member in each accompanying drawing and left end; Bolt body, wedge 10 and drill bit 30 are through with slip casting passage, and slip casting channel setting, on the axis of bolt body, wedge 10 and drill bit 30, makes it have the function of slip casting;
Bolt body cut to drill bit 30 equidirectional rotation time, the relative position of bolt body and wedge 10 and drill bit 30 is fixed, and bolt body drives wedge 10 and drill bit 30 synchronous axial system, and makes drill bit 30 rotary drilling, makes it have the function of creeping into;
Bolt body cut to drill bit 30 opposite spin time, drill bit 30 and wedge 10 transfixion, bolt body moves to the side near drill bit 30 vertically, and wedge 10 increases with the length overlapped between bolt body, and by anchor rod anchored in boring, make it have the function of anchoring.
Therefore the grouted anchor bar of the present embodiment has the function of boring, anchoring and slip casting simultaneously, and wherein, the body of rod 10 is direction to the right in Fig. 3 vertically to the direction near drill bit 30 side movement.
Further, bolt body comprises the body of rod 14, pallet 4, aligning spherical washer 16 and bar tail nut 17, one end ecto-entad of the body of rod 14 is arranged with bar tail nut 17 successively, aligning spherical washer 16 and pallet 4, wherein, this end is the rear end of the body of rod 14 of the present embodiment, corresponding to the left end of the body of rod 14 shown in Fig. 3, bar tail nut 17, aligning spherical washer 16 and pallet 4 are set in turn in the rear end of the body of rod 14 along direction from left to right in Fig. 3, the other end plugs wedge 10, namely wedge 10 is inserted in the front end of the body of rod 14, the right-hand member of the body of rod 14 namely shown in Fig. 3, slip casting passage is axially arranged with along it in the body of rod 14.
Further, bar tail nut 17 coordinates fixing with the body of rod 14 tailing screw flight, and carries out initial alignment vertically by shear pin 18 pairs of bar tail nuts 17.After bolt body and wedge 10 anchoring are locked, continue rotating Vortex bar tail nut 17, tighten bar tail nut 17 after cutting off shear pin 18, axial pre tightening force is applied to anchor pole, makes it have bolt support function.
The outer wall of end bar tail nut installation site one segment length of the body of rod 14 is provided with standard sinistral external thread, bar tail nut 17 coordinates with the accurate sinistral external thread of bar tail tag, and by shear pin 18 pairs of bar tail nuts initial alignment vertically, be convenient to anchoring and the pretension of anchor pole.Time anchor rod anchored, shear pin 18 limit rod tail nut 17 freely rotates, and moment of torsion is passed to the body of rod 14, and the body of rod 14 and wedge 10 are relatively rotated; After shear pin 18 is cut off, bar tail nut 17, along the precession of bar tail screw thread, promotes aligning spherical washer 16 and pallet 4 is pressed on the country rock of borehole circumference on the surface.Body of rod surface remainder is all the wavy screw thread 23 of semi-circular cross-section of roll extrusion, deslagging when creeping into for anchor pole.After bolt body and wedge anchoring are locked, continue rotating Vortex bar tail nut, tighten bar tail nut after cutting off shear pin, axial pre tightening force is applied to anchor pole
As shown in Figure 4, slip casting passage in the body of rod 14 comprises unthreaded hole section 21 and is arranged at the thread segment at unthreaded hole section 21 two ends, wherein, in the present embodiment, unthreaded hole section 21 is arranged at the position of the close front end of the body of rod 14, namely as shown in Figure 3 near the position of right-hand member, right-hand member thread segment 22 is the left hand thread of standard, the distortion that when left end thread segment is body of rod surface rolling semi-circular cross-section wavy deslagging screw thread 23, endoporus produces, in addition, in other embodiments, left end thread segment and right-hand member thread segment 22 standard thread can also be all; Unthreaded hole section 21 forms the operation interval of needle roller 13; As shown in Figure 5, wedge 10 comprises the rotation control section 24, linkage section 25 and the expansion segment 26 that connect vertically successively, rotate on control section 24 external surface and be axially arranged with needle roller groove 27 along it, needle roller 13 is provided with in needle roller groove 27, the outer wall of linkage section 25 is provided with the external screw thread mated with the internal thread of the right-hand member thread segment 22 of the body of rod 14, wherein, the outer wall of linkage section 25 is provided with left-hand thread; Expansion segment 26 is conical structure, and vertically to the direction of wedge 10 front end, namely by Fig. 5, direction from left to right, the radial dimension of cone increases gradually; Wedge 10 inserts the body of rod 14 by rotation control section 24, and makes rotation control section 24 be arranged in unthreaded hole section 21, forms freewheel clutch drive mechanism; Linkage section 25 coordinates with right-hand member thread segment 22.
Further, the quantity of needle roller groove 27 is 2-4, and evenly arranges along the circumferencial direction rotating control section 24, and in the present embodiment, the preferred quantity of needle roller groove 27 is 2.
Further, one end that the body of rod 14 plugs wedge 10 is also fixed with the shell 11 that rises, and the shell 11 that rises is sheathed on wedge 10, and the shell 11 that rises coordinates with expansion segment 26, and carries out spacing to the relative movement distance of the described body of rod and wedge.Rise in shell 11 when expansion segment 26 enters completely, make wedge 10 cannot continue again axially to move to the direction near bolt body along the body of rod 14, namely cannot continue again to be moved to the left.
As shown in fig. 6-7, the shell 11 that rises is made up of two panels semicircle tubulose tooth sheet 28, when expansion segment 26 moves and enters in the shell 11 that rises, and two tooth sheet 28 expansibles.The outer wall of tooth sheet 28 is circumferentially provided with ring-type alveolus 29, increases the slip resistance after the shell compression hole wall that rises; The inwall of tooth sheet 28 is identical with the tapering of expansion segment 26, and tooth sheet 28 is fixed on wedge 10 respectively by Spring Card 12, makes it conveniently open.During the opposite spin that the body of rod 14 cuts to drill bit 30, the end that the body of rod 14 is connected with wedge 10 is moved near drill bit 30 direction, promote to rise the two panels tooth sheet 28 of shell 11 along the male cone (strobilus masculinus) of wedge 10 expansion segment 26 to drill bit 30 1 side slip simultaneously, and open along the body of rod 14 radial direction under the effect of wedge 10 conical surface, final tooth sheet 28 compresses hole wall and locks wedge 10.
The anchor type that the above results makes the present embodiment employing wedge 10 coordinate with the shell 11 that rises.Boring and anchoring construction process, by expansion segment 26 appearance and size and diameter change, complete the initial end anchoring of grouted anchor bar.Without the need to as exited drilling rod in prior art after piercing and loading Anchor Agent anchoring rod, when solving breaking surrounding rock hole wall collapse, load difficulty when Anchor Agent and anchoring rod.
In addition, wedge 10 adopts supporting inner conical surface to contact with the shell 11 that rises, and during anchoring, wedge 10 increases gradually to shell 11 extruding force that rises, when anchor pole axially loaded increases, the anchored force that anchored end provides increases thereupon, ensure that the reliability of anchor structure, enables grouted anchor bar apply higher initial pretightning force.Meanwhile, the body of rod 14 adopts the thread forms connecting identical rotation direction with wedge 10, and anchoring and pretension complete continuously.When tightening bar tail nut 17, anchored end does not loosen, and along with the increase of bar tail nut 17 moment of torsion, wedge 10 and the body of rod 14 tightness strengthen.
Further, the body of rod 14 is also arranged with sealing of hole plug 15, sealing of hole plug 15 is set in inside pallet 4, and sealing of hole plug 15 and the body of rod 14 are fixed by threaded engagement.
Further, the body of rod 14 is provided with non retern valve 19 in the slip casting passage of mounting rod tail spiral shell 17 one end, and wherein, non retern valve 19 is one way valve, for closing the slip casting passage in the body of rod after slip casting, stops slurries to flow backwards.
In the present embodiment, the non retern valve 19 that grouted anchor bar has sealing of hole plug 15 and prevents slurries from flowing backwards, can supporting filling system after pretension, carry out the full length fastening of breaking surrounding rock grouting and reinforcing and grouted anchor bar, under grouted anchor bar has prestressed condition to country rock, carry out grouting and reinforcing, improve wall rock grouting condition and anchor rod anchored structure, significantly improve the safety of tunnel broken surrounding rock consolidation supporting.In the present embodiment, bar portion about 150mm length of the body of rod 14 is the left-handed M27 screw thread of standard, and for coordinating with bar tail nut 17, the body of rod 14 remaining surface is for ease of deslagging during boring, be rolled into semicircle screw thread, this part also can be smooth cylindrical or other forms of surface, and sealing of hole plug 15 can coordinate with standard thread and realizes sealing, and also can realize sealing with the semicircle threaded engagement for deslagging on body of rod surface.
The operating principle of the present embodiment is:
During grouted anchor bar assembling, wedge 10 screws in the left handed threaded hole of the body of rod 14 front end, and the rotation control section of wedge 10 inserts the unthreaded hole section 21 of the body of rod 14, makes needle roller 13 be in the body of rod 14 unthreaded hole section 21, i.e. front end, needle roller 13 workspace.The shell 11 that rises is installed rear use Spring Card 12 and is fixed, and the grouted anchor bar after assembling is as Fig. 3.
Grouted anchor bar after assembling, needle roller 13 is between the body of rod 14 and wedge 10, form freewheel clutch drive mechanism, solve wedge 10 and the get loose problem of the body of rod 14 in the body of rod 14 dextrorotation drilling process between wedge 10 and the body of rod 14 of left hand thread connection, ensure that the drilling construction of grouted anchor bar, and when can also ensure the left-handed rotation of the body of rod 14, the anchoring carried out and install the operating reliability of pretension.
When the body of rod 14 rotates relative to wedge 10 dextrorotation, needle roller 13 is adjacent to the unthreaded hole surface of the body of rod 14, and freewheel clutch drive mechanism is locked, and the body of rod 14 drives the synchronous dextrorotation of wedge 10 to rotate.
When the body of rod 14 relative to wedge 10 is left-handed rotate time, needle roller 13 depart from the body of rod 14 unthreaded hole surface, freewheel clutch drive mechanism is unclamped, and the linkage section of wedge 10 screws in the body of rod 14 gradually in the screwed hole of drill bit one end.Further, along with wedge 10 and the body of rod 14 screwing length increase, the protruded length of wedge 10 shortens, and the shell 11 that rises changes with the relative position of wedge 10, that is: rise the linkage section 25 of shell 11 by wedge 10, moves to expansion segment 26 place of wedge 10.With the increase of wedge 10 expansion segment 26 diameter, the shell 11 that rises is squeezed and opens gradually, and stop operating until the shell 11 that rises, wedge 10 and the body of rod 14 clamp mutually, this limit locations of structures as shown in Figure 8.
The grouted anchor bar that the present embodiment provides, during punching, grouted anchor bar is as drilling rod, once squeezes into country rock; Punch rear as anchor pole, directly carried out anchoring installation and apply axial pre tightening force; As Grouting Pipe after anchoring pretension, be connected with filling system, slurries are by grouted anchor bar slip casting passage injection hole and peripheral rock crack, and reinforce adjoining rock also carries out grouted anchor bar full length fastening.Grouted anchor bar construction technological process comprises: creep into, anchoring, pretension and sealing of hole, slip casting.
The using method of a kind of grouted anchor bar that the present embodiment provides, comprises the steps:
S1, boring: bar tail nut 17 is inserted in jumbolter sleeve, jumbolter forward (shaft dextrorotation) is rotated, even if the equidirectional rotation that jumbolter cuts to drill bit 30, sleeve drives the body of rod 14 dextrorotation to rotate by bar tail nut 17, shear pin 18, freewheel clutch drive mechanism is locked, and wedge 10 dextrorotation synchronous with the body of rod 14 is rotated.Wedge 10 drives drill bit 30 cutting and crushing country rock 9.Along with rig advances, grouted anchor bar pierces in breaking surrounding rock 9 gradually.
In grouted anchor bar drilling process, grouted anchor bar entirety keeps initial assembled state, that is: do not relatively rotate between wedge 10 and the body of rod 14, the shell 11 that rises is in closure state, its outside dimension is less than bore diameter, and the shell 11 that rises follows up with drill bit 30 smoothly, and grouted anchor bar drilling process as shown in Figure 9.
S2, anchoring: after the body of rod 14 front end of grouted anchor bar pierces breaking surrounding rock 9, carry out anchor pole end anchorage.Push-tight grouted anchor bar makes front end drill bit 30 be pressed on boring bottom surface, jumbolter reversely rotates (shaft left-handed rotation), even if the opposite spin that the body of rod 14 cuts to drill bit 30, freewheel clutch drive mechanism unclamps, wedge 10 stops operating, and drill bit 30 stops creeping into.Linkage section 25 screws in the body of rod 14 in the screwed hole of drill bit one end by initial position.The body of rod 14 moves in hole, and advances along borehole axial the shell 11 that rises; Wedge 10 front end expansion segment 26 gradually retraction rises in shell 11, and along with wedge 10 expansion segment 26 diameter increases, shell 11 radial direction that rises is opened, until by wedge 10 jam-packed on hole wall.
Grouted anchor bar anchoring procedure, the axial length of grouted anchor bar shortens, and the shell 11 that simultaneously rises opens under the squeezing action of wedge 10, and shell 11 profile that rises radial dimension will be greater than bore diameter, realize the initial end anchoring of grouted anchor bar, grouted anchor bar end anchor structure as shown in Figure 10.
S3, pretension: the shell 11 that rises compresses after hole wall completes anchoring, the body of rod 14 and wedge 10 shell 11 that risen clamps and stops operating, jumbolter band moving sleeve continues to reversely rotate (shaft is left-handed), moment of torsion increases, and bar tail nut 17 cuts off shear pin 18, and bar tail nut 17 is along the precession of bar tail screw thread, promotion aligning spherical washer 16, pallet 4 compress country rock surface, along with tightening of bar tail nut 17, in the body of rod 14, produce axial pre tightening force, complete anchor pole pretension.
S4, sealing of hole: during grouted anchor bar pretension, sealing of hole plug 15, under the promotion of pallet 4 and aligning spherical washer 16, is clamp-oned in aperture along the body of rod 14, the inner banding body of rod 14 of sealing of hole plug 15, outside compression aperture sector hole wall, the annular spaces between the closed orifices section body of rod 14 and borehole wall.In grouted anchor bar pretension process, close hell, the state after anchor pole pretension sealing of hole as shown in figure 11 simultaneously.
S5, slip casting: after grouted anchor bar pretension sealing of hole, install Grouting Pipe joint at the body of rod 14 away from one end of drill bit, and be connected with filling system by Grouting Pipe joint, start grouting pump slip casting.Slurries are at the bottom of filling adaptor 20, non retern valve 19, slip casting access, and slurries are full of boring, and penetrate into borehole circumference crack under the effect of grouting pump pressure.After slip casting completes, the non retern valve in slip casting passage is closed automatically, shutoff bar endnote slurry passage, stops the slurries in boring and in crack to flow backwards.After grouting serous fluid solidifies, reinforce breaking surrounding rock 9, improve the structural integrity of breaking surrounding rock, and grouted anchor bar total length and hole wall are bondd, realize the full length fastening of grouted anchor bar.
Embodiment of the present utility model provides for the purpose of example and description, and is not exhaustively or by the utility model be limited to disclosed form.Many modifications and variations are apparent for the ordinary skill in the art.Selecting and describing embodiment is in order to principle of the present utility model and practical application are better described, and enables those of ordinary skill in the art understand the utility model thus design the various embodiments with various amendment being suitable for special-purpose.

Claims (9)

1. a grouted anchor bar, is characterized in that, comprise the coaxial bolt body, wedge and the drill bit that arrange, described bolt body is inserted in one end of described wedge, and the other end connects described drill bit; Described bolt body, wedge and drill bit are through with slip casting passage;
When described bolt body is to the equidirectional rotation of described bit cutting, the relative position of described bolt body and described wedge and drill bit is fixed, and described bolt body drives described wedge and drill bit synchronous axial system;
When described bolt body is to the opposite spin of described bit cutting, described drill bit and wedge transfixion, described bolt body moves to the side near described drill bit vertically.
2. grouted anchor bar according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described bolt body comprises the body of rod, pallet, aligning spherical washer and bar tail nut, one end ecto-entad of the described body of rod is arranged with described bar tail nut, aligning spherical washer and pallet successively, the other end plugs described wedge, is axially arranged with described slip casting passage in the described body of rod along it.
3. grouted anchor bar according to claim 2, is characterized in that, described bar tail nut coordinates fixing with described body of rod tailing screw flight, and carries out initial alignment by shear pin vertically to bar tail nut.
4. grouted anchor bar according to claim 3, is characterized in that, the slip casting passage in the described body of rod comprises unthreaded hole section and is arranged at the thread segment at unthreaded hole section two ends, and described wedge comprises the rotation control section, linkage section and the expansion segment that connect vertically successively; Described rotation control section external surface is axially arranged with needle roller groove along it, in described needle roller groove, is provided with needle roller; The outer wall of described linkage section is provided with the external screw thread matched with the internal thread on described thread segment; Described expansion segment is conical structure; Described wedge inserts the described body of rod by rotating control section, and makes described rotation control section be arranged in described unthreaded hole section, forms freewheel clutch drive mechanism; Described linkage section coordinates with described thread segment.
5. grouted anchor bar according to claim 4, is characterized in that, the quantity of described needle roller groove is 2-4, and evenly arranges along the circumferencial direction of described rotation control section.
6. grouted anchor bar according to claim 4, it is characterized in that, one end that the described body of rod plugs described wedge is also provided with the shell that rises, described in the valve jacket that rises be located on described wedge, the described shell that rises coordinates with described expansion segment, and carries out spacing to the relative movement distance of the described body of rod and wedge.
7. grouted anchor bar according to claim 6, is characterized in that, described in the shell that rises be made up of two panels semicircle tubulose tooth sheet, the outer wall of described tooth sheet is circumferentially provided with ring-type alveolus, and the inwall of described tooth sheet is identical with the tapering of described wedge expansion segment; Described tooth sheet is fixed on described wedge respectively by Spring Card.
8. grouted anchor bar according to claim 6, is characterized in that, the described body of rod is also arranged with sealing of hole plug, and described hole sealing glue plug sleeve is loaded on inside described pallet, and described sealing of hole plug and the described body of rod pass through threaded engagement.
9. grouted anchor bar according to claim 6, is characterized in that, the described body of rod is provided with non retern valve in the slip casting passage of mounting rod tail nut one end.
CN201520845173.3U 2015-10-28 2015-10-28 Slip casting anchor bar CN205135679U (en)

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105350994A (en) * 2015-10-28 2016-02-24 天地科技股份有限公司 Grouting anchor and using method thereof
CN110662883A (en) * 2017-05-11 2020-01-07 山特维克知识产权股份有限公司 Friction rock anchor rod
CN110984196A (en) * 2020-01-08 2020-04-10 嘉兴学院 Earth slope fixing device
WO2020151162A1 (en) * 2019-01-25 2020-07-30 中国矿业大学 Construction method for flexible anchor rod
WO2020151161A1 (en) * 2019-01-25 2020-07-30 中国矿业大学 Flexible anchor rod

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105350994A (en) * 2015-10-28 2016-02-24 天地科技股份有限公司 Grouting anchor and using method thereof
CN110662883A (en) * 2017-05-11 2020-01-07 山特维克知识产权股份有限公司 Friction rock anchor rod
WO2020151162A1 (en) * 2019-01-25 2020-07-30 中国矿业大学 Construction method for flexible anchor rod
WO2020151161A1 (en) * 2019-01-25 2020-07-30 中国矿业大学 Flexible anchor rod
CN110984196A (en) * 2020-01-08 2020-04-10 嘉兴学院 Earth slope fixing device

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