CN205131655U - Compound aircraft of tape trailer wing - Google Patents

Compound aircraft of tape trailer wing Download PDF

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Publication number
CN205131655U
CN205131655U CN201520852952.6U CN201520852952U CN205131655U CN 205131655 U CN205131655 U CN 205131655U CN 201520852952 U CN201520852952 U CN 201520852952U CN 205131655 U CN205131655 U CN 205131655U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
wing
rotor
fuselage
interior rotor
rear plastic
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Active
Application number
CN201520852952.6U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王志成
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Tianjin Huanyu Lantian Aviation Technology Co.,Ltd.
Original Assignee
Foshan Shenfeng Aviation Technology Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201520852952.6U priority Critical patent/CN205131655U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN205131655U publication Critical patent/CN205131655U/en
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Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The utility model provides a compound aircraft of tape trailer wing, belongs to aircraft technical field, including fuselage, left composite wing, right composite wing, fin and undercarriage. Be furnished with control system and airborne equipment in the fuselage. The fin is located the afterbody of fuselage, and the fin includes tailplane and vertical tail. The undercarriage adopts wheel -type structure. Composite wing is the same with right composite wing structure on a left side, and their symmetries are installed in the left and right sides of fuselage. Be furnished with two rotors in the composite wing of a left side, every rotor is all by an engine driven. Left side composite wing's fin includes fixed anterior fin and can wind the rear portion fin that blade axis deflected. All rotors all are located blade axis's below. It is little that compound aircraft of tape trailer wing takes off and land the place, can vertical lift. The lift that produces is great, safety and stability and flexible.

Description

A kind of compound type aircraft with empennage
Technical field
With a compound type aircraft for empennage, belong to vehicle technology field, particularly relate to a kind of compound type aircraft with empennage.
Background technology
Traditional taking off and land needs comparatively long runway, also inconvenient Ultra-Low Speed flight, and comparatively short take-off and landing is also very difficult.Traditional helicopter energy consumption is large, and efficiency is low, and safety and stability is not high.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is the above-mentioned deficiency overcoming traditional aircraft and helicopter, invent a kind of compound type aircraft facilitating the band empennage of the efficient safety and stability of short take-off and landing.
With a compound type aircraft for empennage, comprise fuselage, left composite wing, right composite wing, empennage and alighting gear.Control system and airborne equipment is furnished with in fuselage.Left composite wing is identical with right composite wing structure, and their symmetries are installed on the left and right sides of fuselage.Empennage is positioned at the afterbody of fuselage, and empennage comprises tailplane and vertical tail.Tailplane comprises leading portion fixed part and back segment moving part, and the back segment of vertical tail can deflection.Tailplane plays horizontal stabilizer and elevating rudder, and vertical tail plays vertical stabilator and yaw rudder.Alighting gear adopts wheeled construction.
The structure of left composite wing is: left composite wing comprises front flaps, rear plastic, wing axle, outer rotor, interior rotor, outer driving engine, intrinsic motivation and support.Front flaps is fixed on the left side of fuselage.Wing axle transverse horizontal is arranged, the left end of wing axle is connected with front flaps, and the right-hand member of wing axle is fixed on fuselage, and wing axle is placed in the trailing edge place of front flaps.The leading edge of front flaps is higher than the trailing edge of front flaps, and the angle of front flaps and horizontal surface is between 4 °-15 °.The front end of rear plastic is connected with wing axle, and rear plastic can deflect up and down around wing axle.Relative level face, the maximum angle that rear plastic upward deflects is no more than 20 °, and the maximum angle that rear plastic deflects down is no more than 15 °.Interior rotor near fuselage installation, install away from fuselage by outer rotor.The diameter of outer rotor and the equal diameters of interior rotor.Outer rotor and interior rotor turn on the contrary.Outer driving engine and intrinsic motivation are arranged on the top of outer rotor and interior rotor respectively by support, and outer driving engine is connected with interior rotor with outer rotor respectively with the axle shaft of intrinsic motivation.The line of the centre of gration of interior rotor and the centre of gration of outer rotor is in immediately below wing axle, and this line is parallel with wing axle.The plane of rotation of outer rotor and the plane of rotation of interior rotor coplanar.The plane of rotation of interior rotor tilts slightly toward front lower place, and the angle of the plane of rotation of interior rotor and the forward downward of horizontal surface is not more than 6 °.When rear plastic deflects down maximum angle, its trailing edge is greater than 12mm to the shortest distance of the plane of rotation of interior rotor.The chord length of rear plastic equals or is slightly smaller than the radius of rotation of interior rotor.The chord length of front flaps is equal to or slightly greater than the radius of rotation of interior rotor.The length of left composite wing is greater than the twice of the diameter of interior rotor.
The principle of work of a kind of compound type aircraft with empennage of this invention is: as the rear plastic of the rear plastic of left composite wing and right composite wing all deflected down, start all driving engines, drive corresponding rotor wing rotation respectively, described aircraft can realize rolling start; As the rear plastic of the rear plastic of left composite wing and right composite wing is all deflected upward into extreme higher position, described aircraft can realize taking off vertically.Adjust the deflection angle of the rear plastic of left composite wing and the rear plastic of right composite wing and direction and can change the aerodynamic direction and size that described aircraft produces, also can be changed aerodynamic size and Orientation of described aircraft by the rotating speed adjusting each rotor.Pitching and the course of described aircraft is controlled by empennage.Compare with traditional aircraft, the landing site of the compound type aircraft requirements of band empennage of the present invention is little, and can vertical lift.Compare with traditional helicopter, the compound type aircraft of band empennage of the present invention is due to the existence of left composite wing and right composite wing, the lift that described aircraft produces is larger, if run out of steam longer distance of also gliding, more time docking facility can be striven for or find safe landing point, safer like this; Even if the descending speed losing the vertical described aircraft that declines due to power also can not be too fast, relatively safe.Because interior rotor and outer rotor turn on the contrary, rotating torque can be offset, flight stability and control simple; Because all rotors are all in the below of fin, the flow field of fin upper and lower surface during rotor rotational, can be improved, increase downwash flow, delay the burbling of the upper surface of fin, raise the efficiency, lift coefficient is increased greatly.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is that schematic diagram is looked on a left side for a kind of compound type aircraft with empennage of the present invention, and Fig. 2 is the schematic top plan view of Fig. 1; Fig. 3 is that schematic diagram is looked on a left side for the left composite wing be exaggerated, and Fig. 4 is the schematic top plan view of Fig. 3.
In figure, 1-fuselage, the left composite wing of 2-, the right composite wing of 3-, 4-empennage, 41-tailplane, 42-vertical tail, 5-alighting gear; The component belonging to left composite wing 2 comprises: 21-front flaps, 22-rear plastic, 23-wing axle, the outer rotor of 24-, rotor in 25-, the outer driving engine of 26-, 27-intrinsic motivation, 28-support.
Detailed description of the invention
Now by reference to the accompanying drawings the present invention is illustrated: a kind of compound type aircraft with empennage, comprises fuselage 1, left composite wing 2, right composite wing 3, empennage 4 and alighting gear 5.Control system and airborne equipment is furnished with in fuselage 1.Left composite wing 2 is identical with right composite wing 3 structure, and their symmetries are installed on the left and right sides of fuselage 1.Empennage 4 is positioned at the afterbody of fuselage 1, and empennage 4 comprises tailplane 41 and vertical tail 42.Tailplane 41 comprises leading portion fixed part and back segment moving part, and the back segment of vertical tail 42 can deflection.Tailplane 41 plays horizontal stabilizer and elevating rudder, and vertical tail 42 plays vertical stabilator and yaw rudder.Alighting gear 5 adopts wheeled construction.The structure of left composite wing 2 is: left composite wing 2 comprises front flaps 21, rear plastic 22, wing axle 23, outer rotor 24, interior rotor 25, outer driving engine 26, intrinsic motivation 27 and support 28.Front flaps 21 is fixed on the left side of fuselage 1.Wing axle 23 transverse horizontal is arranged, the left end of wing axle 23 is connected with front flaps 21, and the right-hand member of wing axle 23 is fixing on the fuselage 1, and wing axle 23 is placed in the trailing edge place of front flaps 21.The leading edge of front flaps 21 is higher than the trailing edge of front flaps 21, and front flaps 21 is 12 ° with the angle of horizontal surface.The front end of rear plastic 22 is connected with wing axle 23, and rear plastic 22 can deflect around wing axle about 23.Relative level face, the maximum angle that rear plastic 22 upward deflects is 15 °, and the maximum angle that rear plastic 22 deflects down is 12 °.Interior rotor 25 to be installed and outer rotor 24 is installed away from fuselage 1 near fuselage 1.The diameter of outer rotor 24 and the equal diameters of interior rotor 25.Outer rotor 24 and interior rotor 25 turn on the contrary.Outer driving engine 26 and intrinsic motivation 27 are arranged on the top of outer rotor 24 and interior rotor 25 respectively by support 28, and outer driving engine 26 is connected with interior rotor 25 with outer rotor 24 respectively with the axle shaft of intrinsic motivation 27.The line of the centre of gration of interior rotor 25 and the centre of gration of outer rotor 24 is in immediately below wing axle 23, and this line is parallel with wing axle 23.The plane of rotation of outer rotor 24 and the plane of rotation of interior rotor 25 coplanar.The plane of rotation of interior rotor 25 tilts slightly toward front lower place, and the angle of the interior plane of rotation of rotor 25 and the forward downward of horizontal surface is 4 °.When rear plastic 21 deflects down maximum angle, its trailing edge is greater than 12mm to the shortest distance of the plane of rotation of interior rotor 25.The chord length of rear plastic 21 is slightly smaller than the radius of rotation of interior rotor 25.The chord length of front flaps 21 is a bit larger tham the radius of rotation of interior rotor 25.The length of left composite wing 2 is greater than the twice of the diameter of interior rotor 25.
The compound type aircraft of band empennage of the present invention produces beneficial effect like this: as the rear plastic 22 of left composite wing 2 and the rear plastic of right composite wing 3 all deflected down, start all driving engines, drive corresponding rotor wing rotation respectively, described aircraft can realize rolling start; As the rear plastic of the rear plastic 22 of left composite wing 2 and right compounding machine 3 wing is all deflected upward into extreme higher position, described aircraft can realize taking off vertically.Adjust the deflection angle of the rear plastic 22 of left composite wing 2 and the rear plastic of right composite wing 3 and direction and can change the aerodynamic direction and size that described aircraft produces, also can be changed aerodynamic size and Orientation of described aircraft by the rotating speed adjusting each rotor.Pitching and the course of described aircraft is controlled by empennage 4.Compare with traditional aircraft, the landing site of the compound type aircraft requirements of band empennage of the present invention is little, and can vertical lift.Compare with traditional helicopter, the compound type aircraft of band empennage of the present invention is due to the existence of left composite wing 2 and right composite wing 3, the lift that described aircraft produces is larger, if run out of steam longer distance of also gliding, more time docking facility can be striven for or find safe landing point, safer like this; Even if the descending speed losing the vertical described aircraft that declines due to power also can not be too fast, relatively safe.Because interior rotor 25 and outer rotor 24 turn on the contrary, rotating torque can be offset, flight stability and control simple; Because all rotors are all in the below of fin, the flow field of fin upper and lower surface during rotor rotational, can be improved, increase downwash flow, delay the burbling of the upper surface of fin, raise the efficiency, lift coefficient is increased greatly.

Claims (3)

1. the compound type aircraft with empennage, is characterized in that: comprise fuselage (1), left composite wing (2), right composite wing (3), empennage (4) and alighting gear (5); Be furnished with control system in fuselage (1) identical with right composite wing (3) structure with the left composite wing of airborne equipment (2), their symmetries are installed on the left and right sides of fuselage (1); Empennage (4) is positioned at the afterbody of fuselage (1), and empennage (4) comprises tailplane (41) and vertical tail (42); Alighting gear (5) adopts wheeled construction; The structure of left composite wing (2) is: left composite wing (2) comprises front flaps (21), rear plastic (22), wing axle (23), outer rotor (24), interior rotor (25), outer driving engine (26), intrinsic motivation (27) and support (28); Front flaps (21) is fixed on the left side of fuselage (1); Wing axle (23) transverse horizontal is arranged, the left end of wing axle (23) is connected with front flaps (21), and the right-hand member of wing axle (23) is fixed on fuselage (1), and wing axle (23) is placed in the trailing edge place of front flaps (21); The leading edge of front flaps (21) is higher than the trailing edge of front flaps (21), and the angle of front flaps (21) and horizontal surface is between 4 °-15 °; The front end of rear plastic (22) is connected with wing axle (23), and rear plastic (22) can deflect up and down around wing axle (23); Relative level face, the maximum angle that rear plastic (22) upward deflects is no more than 20 °, and the maximum angle that rear plastic (22) deflects down is no more than 15 °; Interior rotor (25) near fuselage (1) installation, install away from fuselage (1) by outer rotor (24); The diameter of outer rotor (24) and the equal diameters of interior rotor (25); Outer rotor (24) and interior rotor (25) turn on the contrary; Outer driving engine (26) and intrinsic motivation (27) are arranged on the top of outer rotor (24) and interior rotor (25) respectively by support (28), and outer driving engine (26) is connected with interior rotor (25) with outer rotor (24) respectively with the axle shaft of intrinsic motivation (27); The line of the centre of gration of interior rotor (25) and the centre of gration of outer rotor (24) is in immediately below wing axle (23), and this line is parallel with wing axle (23); The plane of rotation of outer rotor (24) and the plane of rotation of interior rotor (25) coplanar; The plane of rotation of interior rotor (25) tilts slightly toward front lower place, and the angle of the plane of rotation of interior rotor (25) and the forward downward of horizontal surface is not more than 6 °; When rear plastic (21) deflects down maximum angle, its trailing edge is greater than 12mm to the shortest distance of the plane of rotation of interior rotor (25); The chord length of rear plastic (21) equals or is slightly smaller than the radius of rotation of interior rotor (25); The chord length of front flaps (21) is equal to or slightly greater than the radius of rotation of interior rotor (25); The length of left composite wing (2) is greater than the twice of the diameter of interior rotor (25).
2. a kind of compound type aircraft with empennage according to claim 1, is characterized in that: front flaps (21) is 12 ° with the angle of horizontal surface; Relative level face, the maximum angle that rear plastic (22) upward deflects is 15 °, and the maximum angle that rear plastic (22) deflects down is 12 °.
3. a kind of compound type aircraft with empennage according to claim 1 and 2, is characterized in that: the chord length of rear plastic (21) is slightly smaller than the radius of rotation of interior rotor (25); The chord length of front flaps (21) is a bit larger tham the radius of rotation of interior rotor (25).
CN201520852952.6U 2015-10-30 2015-10-30 Compound aircraft of tape trailer wing Active CN205131655U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520852952.6U CN205131655U (en) 2015-10-30 2015-10-30 Compound aircraft of tape trailer wing

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520852952.6U CN205131655U (en) 2015-10-30 2015-10-30 Compound aircraft of tape trailer wing

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN205131655U true CN205131655U (en) 2016-04-06

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ID=55617472

Family Applications (1)

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CN201520852952.6U Active CN205131655U (en) 2015-10-30 2015-10-30 Compound aircraft of tape trailer wing

Country Status (1)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105197234A (en) * 2015-10-30 2015-12-30 佛山市神风航空科技有限公司 Combined aircraft provided with empennage
CN107521663A (en) * 2016-06-16 2017-12-29 空中客车运营简化股份公司 Aircraft with independent-lifting rudder

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105197234A (en) * 2015-10-30 2015-12-30 佛山市神风航空科技有限公司 Combined aircraft provided with empennage
CN107521663A (en) * 2016-06-16 2017-12-29 空中客车运营简化股份公司 Aircraft with independent-lifting rudder
CN107521663B (en) * 2016-06-16 2021-12-10 空中客车运营简化股份公司 Aircraft with independent elevators

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Date Code Title Description
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
TR01 Transfer of patent right

Effective date of registration: 20200506

Address after: 065000 Hebei Langfang Anci District Longhe Economic Development Zone 2 Fukang Road, technology enterprise innovation and entrepreneurship Park five layer 501

Patentee after: HEBEI FISSION TECHNOLOGY INCUBATOR Co.,Ltd.

Address before: Foshan City, Guangdong province 528500 city streets Gaoming District No. 78 Jiangwan Road, room 402 Fu Wan

Patentee before: FOSHAN SHENFENG AVIATION TECHNOLOGY Co.,Ltd.

TR01 Transfer of patent right
TR01 Transfer of patent right

Effective date of registration: 20200522

Address after: Room 9-29, workshop 9, No.29, Ruixue Road, Longhe high tech Industrial Zone, anci District, Langfang City, Hebei Province (Office)

Patentee after: Langfang Yunchang Technology Co., Ltd

Address before: 065000 Hebei Langfang Anci District Longhe Economic Development Zone 2 Fukang Road, technology enterprise innovation and entrepreneurship Park five layer 501

Patentee before: HEBEI FISSION TECHNOLOGY INCUBATOR Co.,Ltd.

TR01 Transfer of patent right
TR01 Transfer of patent right

Effective date of registration: 20211201

Address after: 301700 room 5110, floor 5, building 3, Tianrui Road, automobile industrial park, Wuqing District, Tianjin

Patentee after: Tianjin Huanyu Lantian Aviation Technology Co.,Ltd.

Address before: 065000 room 9-29, No. 9 plant, No. 29, Ruixue Road, Longhe high tech Industrial Zone, anci District, Langfang City, Hebei Province (office space)

Patentee before: Langfang Yunchang Technology Co.,Ltd.

TR01 Transfer of patent right