CN205131412U - Track combined type robot - Google Patents

Track combined type robot Download PDF

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Publication number
CN205131412U
CN205131412U CN201520692879.0U CN201520692879U CN205131412U CN 205131412 U CN205131412 U CN 205131412U CN 201520692879 U CN201520692879 U CN 201520692879U CN 205131412 U CN205131412 U CN 205131412U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
swing arm
crawler belt
athey wheel
mobile platform
main
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201520692879.0U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
侯文峰
洪志伟
陈家进
廖铸成
陈开智
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Guangzhou Panyu Polytechnic
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Guangzhou Panyu Polytechnic
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Priority to CN201520692879.0U priority Critical patent/CN205131412U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN205131412U publication Critical patent/CN205131412U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The utility model relates to a technical field of robot discloses track combined type robot, including moving platform and two pivots, two pivot activities wear to establish in moving platform, and outside the both ends of pivot extend to moving platform's both sides respectively, form the section of extending, and the section of extending is connected with main athey wheel, the cover is equipped with main track on two main athey wheels of two pivot homonymies, articulated on each main athey wheel have the swing arm, and the inner of swing arm articulates on main athey wheel, and the outer end of swing arm is articulated to have subsidiary athey wheel, and be to deviate from mutually between the swing arm of two homonymies and arrange. The utility model provides a track combined type robot utilizes the removal of pulling of track, and in the smooth steady walking that takes turns to, tractive performance is good, the phenomenon that can not appear skidding, in addition, at some unevenness's road to and turn over the ditch, more during obstacle such as clivia, utilize the mating reaction of swing arm, can be steady cross the obstacle, have the climbing performance, can be steady cross the obstacle, realize steady walking.

Description

Crawler belt compound machine people
Technical field
The utility model relates to the technical field of robot, particularly relates to crawler belt compound machine people.
Background technology
Along with the development of modern automation technology, robot more and more participates in the life of people.Robot is the installations automatically performing work, and it both can accept mankind commander, can run again the program of layout in advance, also can according to the principle guiding principle action of formulating with artificial intelligence technology.Its task assists or replace the work of human work, such as production industry, building industry, or the work of danger.
Now, the kind of robot is very many, as industrial robot, national defence robot, special purpose robot (transfer robot, unmanned transfer robot, excavation Disaster Relief Robot, cleaning service robot, pipe robot, sewer robot) etc.; Or some other robot for education and training, amusement robot, operation auxiliary robot etc.
At present, the elderly has become a colony larger in society, and for this colony service and look after also be all needs.In prior art, for some the elderlys, particularly walk inconvenient the elderly, generally all can configure the auxiliary old man such as wheelchair or walking robot to go out to walk, but, in the landform of daily life walking, except smooth main road, also have some rough roads, and turn over ditch, get over the existence of the little obstacles such as clivia, and, certain areas city system imperfection, after being greater than, road surface usually there will be the phenomenons such as some ponding, like this, for the robot of existing walking class, then be difficult to stable obstacle detouring, tractive property is also poor, easily there is the problems such as skidding.
Utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is to provide crawler belt compound machine people, is intended to solve robot of the prior art and is difficult to stable obstacle detouring, tractive property difference and easy problem of skidding,
The utility model realizes like this, crawler belt compound machine people, comprise mobile platform and two rotating shafts, two described rotating shaft activities are located in described mobile platform, and the two ends of described rotating shaft extend to outside the both sides of described mobile platform respectively, form extension section, described extension section is connected with main Athey wheel; Two main Athey wheels of two described rotating shaft homonymies are arranged with main crawler belt; Main Athey wheel described in each is hinged with swing arm, and the inner of described swing arm is hinged on described main Athey wheel, and the outer end of described swing arm is hinged with auxiliary Athey wheel, and in deviating from layout mutually between the swing arm of two homonymies.
Further, described main Athey wheel is provided with the race of two mutually isolated layouts, and described main crawler belt and auxiliary crawler belt are set on two races on described main Athey wheel respectively.
Further, described swing arm is tabular, and the inner of described swing arm is hinged on the outside of described main Athey wheel, and the outer end of described swing arm is hinged on the outside of described auxiliary Athey wheel.
Further, the inner of described swing arm and outer end curved shape respectively, the diameter of described swing arm the inner is greater than the diameter of described swing arm outer end.
Further, be provided with cavity in described mobile platform, two described rotating shafts, through described cavity, form the driving section being positioned at described cavity; Be provided with motor in the cavity of described mobile platform, between the driving section of described motor and described rotating shaft, be provided with drive mechanism.
Further, the driving gear that described drive mechanism comprises driven gear and is connected with a joggle with described driven gear, described driven gear is connected to the driving section of described rotating shaft, and described driving gear is connected to the axle drive shaft of described motor.
Further, be provided with two described motors in the cavity of described mobile platform, the driving section of described rotating shaft is provided with two described driven gears.
Further, described mobile platform is provided with the stable platform for isolating described mobile platform disturbance.
Further, described mobile platform is provided with the mechanical arm for capturing object.
Further, the control circuit board run for controlling described crawler belt compound machine people is provided with in the cavity of described mobile platform.
Compared with prior art, the crawler belt compound machine people that the utility model provides, utilizes the tethered sliding of crawler belt, pulsation-free walking on smooth wheel, and tractive property is good, there will not be the phenomenon of skidding; In addition, at some rough roads, and when turning over the obstacles such as ditch, more clivia, utilize the mating reaction of swing arm, can pulsation-free clear an obstacle, there is climbing performance, can pulsation-free clear an obstacle, realize pulsation-free walking.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the schematic perspective view of the crawler belt compound machine people that the utility model embodiment provides;
Fig. 2 is the crawler belt compound machine people obstacle detouring process schematic that the utility model embodiment provides.
Detailed description of the invention
In order to make the purpose of this utility model, technical scheme and advantage clearly understand, below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, the utility model is further elaborated.Should be appreciated that specific embodiment described herein only in order to explain the utility model, and be not used in restriction the utility model.
Below in conjunction with specific embodiment, realization of the present utility model is described in detail.
As shown in Fig. 1 ~ 2, it is the preferred embodiment that the utility model provides.
The crawler belt compound machine people that the present embodiment provides, can be used in the apparatus of auxiliary the elderly walking, certainly, it also can be used in the walking apparatus of other function.
Crawler belt compound machine people comprises mobile platform 11 and two rotating shafts, and mobile platform 11 is in tetragonal body shape, and certainly, mobile platform 11 also can be other various shapes, not only for tetragonal body shape.Illustrate for convenience of description, two shaft parallels are arranged, and two rotating shafts respectively activity be located in mobile platform 11, the two ends of rotating shaft extend to the both sides of mobile platform 11 respectively, form extension section.
The extension section of rotating shaft is provided with main Athey wheel 13, and sheathed main crawler belt 12 on two of two rotating shaft homonymies main Athey wheels 13, like this, along with the rotation of rotating shaft, the main Athey wheel 13 of drive shaft both sides rotates, when main Athey wheel 13 rotates, 12, the main crawler belt on the main Athey wheel 13 of two rotating shaft homonymies is rotated by driving, thus realizes the walking of crawler belt compound machine people.
In the present embodiment, each main Athey wheel 13 is hinged with swing arm 16, the inner of this swing arm 16 is hinged on main Athey wheel 13, and like this, swing arm 16 can swing relative to main Athey wheel 13, the layout and the outer end of swing arm 16 extends outwardly, and is hinged with auxiliary Athey wheel 15.The swing arm 16 of two homonymies deviates from layout respectively mutually, and that is, the swing arm 16, be connected on the main Athey wheel 13 of two homonymies extends forward, and one extends backwards, is formed and deviates from layout mutually.
Particularly, the main Athey wheel 13 be connected with swing arm and auxiliary Athey wheel 15 are arranged with auxiliary crawler belt 14, like this, along with the rotation of main Athey wheel 13, drive the rotation of auxiliary crawler belt 14, thus auxiliary Athey wheel 15 also rotate thereupon.
The above-mentioned crawler belt compound machine people provided, utilizes the tethered sliding of crawler belt, pulsation-free walking on smooth wheel, and tractive property is good, there will not be the phenomenon of skidding; In addition, at some rough roads, and when turning over the obstacles such as ditch, more clivia, there is climbing performance, can pulsation-free clear an obstacle, realize pulsation-free walking.
In climbing process, for the step of differing heights, the climbing motion of this robot also has difference, specific as follows:
The first: shoulder height is very little, when being less than the radius of the auxiliary Athey wheel 15 of robot, now, does not then need to do any operation to swing arm 16, just directly can climb over obstacle.
The second: step has certain height, but when being less than the radius of main Athey wheel 13 of robot, then when crossing over blockage, the swing arm 16 being positioned at mobile platform 11 front end can be lifted, then directly pass through.
The third: as shown in Figure 2, step is higher, needs robot to coordinate obstacle to cross by swing arm 16 motion coordinating to be positioned at mobile platform 11 front-end processor rear end, can be divided into following step:
1) before, robot steadily proceeds to step;
2), the swing arm 16 that is positioned at mobile platform 11 front end lifts, and is placed on step by auxiliary Athey wheel 15;
3), along with robot continue move ahead, the main Athey wheel 13 being positioned at mobile platform 11 front end is also lifted, until the main Athey wheel 13 being positioned at mobile platform 11 front end is placed on step, now, the auxiliary crawler belt 14 of mobile platform 11 front end is placed on step, under the auxiliary crawler belt 14 of mobile platform 11 rear end is placed in step, whole mobile platform 11 is in heeling condition;
4) constantly moving ahead, along with robot, whole mobile platform 11 is placed on step, and the auxiliary crawler belt 14 being placed in mobile platform 11 rear end also as on step, then completes whole obstacle detouring process.
Owing to main Athey wheel 13 needing respectively put main crawler belt 12 and auxiliary crawler belt 14, like this, in order to avoid mutually interfering between main crawler belt 12 and auxiliary crawler belt 14, main Athey wheel 13 is formed two mutually isolated races, like this, when main crawler belt 12 and auxiliary crawler belt 14 to be enclosed within main Athey wheel 13 on two races respectively, then can be spaced from each other.
In the present embodiment, swing arm 16 is in tabular, and its inner is hinged on the outside of main Athey wheel 13, and outer end is hinged on the outside of auxiliary Athey wheel 15, and namely whole swing arm 16 is formed in outer fix, like this, is then convenient to connection and the layout of swing arm 16.
Diameter due to main Athey wheel 13 is greater than the diameter of auxiliary Athey wheel 15, like this, the inner of swing arm 16 forms the stub end of arc shape, outer end forms the little head end of arc shape, wherein, the diameter of stub end is greater than the diameter of little head end, like this, is conducive to the connection of swing arm 16 and main Athey wheel 13 and auxiliary Athey wheel 15.
In the present embodiment, be provided with cavity in mobile platform 11, two above-mentioned rotating shafts, through in cavity, form the driving section being positioned at cavity; Motor is provided with in the cavity of mobile platform 11, drive mechanism is provided with between the driving section of motor and two rotating shafts, like this, utilize this drive mechanism then can the rotation of drive shaft, thus winner's Athey wheel 13 is rotated, main crawler belt 12 rotates, and then auxiliary crawler belt 14 is rotated, and drives auxiliary Athey wheel 15 to rotate.
Particularly, drive mechanism comprises the driving gear being arranged on and driving the driven gear in section and be connected on motor driving shaft, and driving gear and driven gear are connected with a joggle, and like this, then can utilize the rotation of motor driving shaft, the rotation of drive shaft.
In the present embodiment, in order to realize the smooth rotation of rotating shaft, two above-mentioned motors are provided with in the cavity of mobile platform 11, and, rotating shaft is provided with the driven gear described in two, and like this, the driving gear of two electrode drive axles is connected with a joggle with two driven gears respectively, thus by driving while two motors, realize the smooth rotation of rotating shaft.
In the present embodiment, mobile platform 11 is provided with stable platform 10, this stable platform 10 can be isolated the disadvantageous disturbance of mobile platform 11 stability and friction, move to realize whole crawler belt compound machine people pulsation-free, like this, by the setting of stable platform 10, make whole crawler belt compound machine people in shooting or shoot, civilian etc. in all tool be of great significance.
Be provided with gyroscope in stable platform 10 formula, this gyroscope can realize the coordination of rotating shaft power.Particularly, gyroscope is the gyroscope based on MPU-6050 version.By stable platform 10, in robot climbing process, make mobile platform 11 maintenance level or certain angle, simultaneously, under the effect of this stable platform 10, the stability of making a video recording can also be ensured, can not produce because of the shake of the change of the walking of machine, landform or fuselage and rock.
In the present embodiment, in order to realize crawler belt compound machine people in the process of walking, possessing the performance capturing object, mobile platform 11 being provided with mechanical arm 17, utilizing this mechanical arm 17, then can capture object.
Be provided with clamper at the end of mechanical arm 17, utilize this clamper, then can capture object.Particularly, mechanical arm 17 comprises multiple pipe link, and multiple pipe link sequentially connects, form the moving structure of three degree of freedom, like this, this moving structure is connected on mobile platform 11, and clamper is connected on moving structure, thus realize clamper can the performance of three degree of freedom movement.
Particularly, the process of mechanical arm 17 pairs of grasping bodies can be analyzed to: the clamper of (1) arm end arrives target place; (2) target is captured.
Clamper will complete the crawl task of object, just needs the desired locations of the clamper determining mechanical arm 17 end.Like this, mobile platform 11 is provided with camera, this camera is utilized to carry out high-speed sampling and image registration to image, the colourity of object sample can describe the true colors of object more exactly by information, such robot just can set algorithm searching target region by color at a distance, when the color of searching appears in camera region, a white cross can indicate the position of this color object, after robot is close, carries out Feature Points Matching again, determines whether object.
In the present embodiment, in the cavity of mobile platform 11, be provided with control circuit board, this control circuit board is for controlling the running of whole crawler belt compound machine people.Control circuit board has constant voltage power suspply element, like this, can ensure to burn out components and parts.
Control circuit board also has low pressure alarming element, and channel wireless radio multi controls to launch and receiving element.Wherein, when power supply is too low, this low pressure alarming element can be reported to the police; Channel wireless radio multi controls transmitting and receiving element can carry out separating treatment to signal, and then controls with transmitter signal one_to_one corresponding.
The foregoing is only preferred embodiment of the present utility model; not in order to limit the utility model; all do within spirit of the present utility model and principle any amendment, equivalent to replace and improvement etc., all should be included within protection domain of the present utility model.

Claims (10)

1. crawler belt compound machine people, is characterized in that, comprises mobile platform and two rotating shafts, two described rotating shaft activities are located in described mobile platform, and the two ends of described rotating shaft extend to outside the both sides of described mobile platform respectively, form extension section, described extension section is connected with main Athey wheel; Two main Athey wheels of two described rotating shaft homonymies are arranged with main crawler belt; Main Athey wheel described in each is hinged with swing arm, and the inner of described swing arm is hinged on described main Athey wheel, and the outer end of described swing arm is hinged with auxiliary Athey wheel, and in deviating from layout mutually between the swing arm of two homonymies.
2. crawler belt compound machine people as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, described main Athey wheel is provided with the race of two mutually isolated layouts, and described main crawler belt and auxiliary crawler belt are set on two races on described main Athey wheel respectively.
3. crawler belt compound machine people as claimed in claim 1 or 2, it is characterized in that, described swing arm is tabular, and the inner of described swing arm is hinged on the outside of described main Athey wheel, and the outer end of described swing arm is hinged on the outside of described auxiliary Athey wheel.
4. crawler belt compound machine people as claimed in claim 3, is characterized in that, the inner of described swing arm and outer end curved shape respectively, the diameter of described swing arm the inner is greater than the diameter of described swing arm outer end.
5. crawler belt compound machine people as claimed in claim 1 or 2, is characterized in that, be provided with cavity in described mobile platform, and two described rotating shafts, through described cavity, form the driving section being positioned at described cavity; Be provided with motor in the cavity of described mobile platform, between the driving section of described motor and described rotating shaft, be provided with drive mechanism.
6. crawler belt compound machine people as claimed in claim 5, it is characterized in that, the driving gear that described drive mechanism comprises driven gear and is connected with a joggle with described driven gear, described driven gear is connected to the driving section of described rotating shaft, and described driving gear is connected to the axle drive shaft of described motor.
7. crawler belt compound machine people as claimed in claim 6, it is characterized in that, be provided with two described motors in the cavity of described mobile platform, the driving section of described rotating shaft is provided with two described driven gears.
8. crawler belt compound machine people as claimed in claim 1 or 2, it is characterized in that, described mobile platform is provided with the stable platform for isolating described mobile platform disturbance.
9. crawler belt compound machine people as claimed in claim 1 or 2, it is characterized in that, described mobile platform is provided with the mechanical arm for capturing object.
10. crawler belt compound machine people as claimed in claim 1 or 2, is characterized in that, is provided with the control circuit board run for controlling described crawler belt compound machine people in the cavity of described mobile platform.
CN201520692879.0U 2015-09-08 2015-09-08 Track combined type robot Expired - Fee Related CN205131412U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520692879.0U CN205131412U (en) 2015-09-08 2015-09-08 Track combined type robot

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520692879.0U CN205131412U (en) 2015-09-08 2015-09-08 Track combined type robot

Publications (1)

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CN205131412U true CN205131412U (en) 2016-04-06

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105128956A (en) * 2015-09-08 2015-12-09 广州番禺职业技术学院 Hybrid type tracked robot
CN106275115A (en) * 2016-08-23 2017-01-04 西安科技大学 A kind of six crawler belt four swing arm rescue robot and autonomous control methods thereof

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105128956A (en) * 2015-09-08 2015-12-09 广州番禺职业技术学院 Hybrid type tracked robot
CN106275115A (en) * 2016-08-23 2017-01-04 西安科技大学 A kind of six crawler belt four swing arm rescue robot and autonomous control methods thereof

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GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20160406

Termination date: 20160908