CN205120701U - Crucial chemistry nature index of culture of chinese mitten crab quality of water detects synchronous water supply installation - Google Patents

Crucial chemistry nature index of culture of chinese mitten crab quality of water detects synchronous water supply installation Download PDF

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Publication number
CN205120701U
CN205120701U CN201520843486.5U CN201520843486U CN205120701U CN 205120701 U CN205120701 U CN 205120701U CN 201520843486 U CN201520843486 U CN 201520843486U CN 205120701 U CN205120701 U CN 205120701U
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water
analyser
filter screen
spacer
culture
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张金彪
王桂民
徐俊华
胡涛
丁彩霞
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Changzhou City Jintan District Aquatic Technology Guide Station
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Changzhou City Jintan District Aquatic Technology Guide Station
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P90/00Enabling technologies with a potential contribution to greenhouse gas [GHG] emissions mitigation
    • Y02P90/02Total factory control, e.g. smart factories, flexible manufacturing systems [FMS] or integrated manufacturing systems [IMS]

Abstract

The utility model provides a crucial chemistry nature index of culture of chinese mitten crab quality of water detects synchronous water supply installation, includes suction pump, check valve, water inlet manifold, filter, two -port valve, ammonia nitrogen analysis appearance, nitrite analysis appearance, permanganate analysis appearance, total phosphorus analysis appearance and total nitrogen analysis appearance, and every is waited to detect the pond and is all supplied water to water inlet manifold by suction pump and check valve, and all analysis appearance are linked together through filter and two -port valve and water inlet manifold respectively. It can be in step truly waits to detect water to what each chemical index analysis appearance provided the homogeneity, the mixed pollution each other of respectively waiting to examine pond water body has been stopped in the setting of check valve, the filter set up can effective filtering aquatic physics impurity, thereby guarantee to treat simultaneously the synchronous detection that multinomial chemical index is carried out to the quality of water that detects the pond, and can guarantee water quality testing's objective authenticity, it is in a water quality chemical nature index synchronous detection equipment key component among the culture of chinese mitten crab thing networking on -line monitoring system.

Description

The synchronous water supply installation of a kind of culture of Chinese mitten crab water quality key chemical Indexs measure
Technical field:
The utility model relates to aquaculture technology, particularly relates to the gordian technique utilizing Internet technology to control aquaculture pond.
Background technology:
China is world fisheries big country, and aquaculture production accounts for 68% of whole world total production, not only for people provide a large amount of good protein, also for national food security provides important guarantee.Along with living standards of the people improve, the demand of people to high-quality aquatic product protein also improves constantly.China southern area of Jiangsu Province, the water resources such as river, lake are numerous, and aquaculture area is comparatively large, and fishery has also become the leading industry of local agricultural, is the main channel of farmers' income.
Water quality is the most important factor of aquaculture, it directly determines aquaculture success, direct output and the specification affecting aquatic products, current water quality management and control is entirely with personal experience, the cultural technique index management and control means such as crucial water quality management and technology lack, cause the undulatory property of the output of aquaculture and benefit comparatively large, risk is also larger.The current mensuration for aquaculture water quality is mainly by water quality testing meter and water-quality test kit, and these two kinds of detection modes, all want hand sampling, add reagent to measure, not only process is loaded down with trivial details, time-consuming, effort, and can not realize detecting variation of water in real time, therefore, how can realize that detection technique is very crucial in real time to culture-pool water quality synchronous.In order to address this problem, applicant is devoted for years in aquaculture precision, mechanization, robotization and intelligentized test and study, explore the system of the large water-quality guideline of a set of effective management and control aquaculture 8, synchronously can detect aquaculture water quality index in real time, greatly save detection time and cost, better can cultivate guidance for raiser provides.
Water temperature in culture of Chinese mitten crab process, dissolved oxygen, pH, ammonia nitrogen, nitrite, total phosphorus, total nitrogen and permanganate eight water-quality guideline are to river crab survival rate, the speed of growth and quality all have a direct impact, in order to promote the technicalization administrative skill of aquaculture, improve the economic benefit at aquaculture family, applicant develops aquaculture water quality key index Internet of Things on-line monitoring for culture of Chinese mitten crab, process and managing and control system, comprising the online survey of physical property index and the on-line checkingi of chemically index, described physical property index refers to water temperature, dissolved oxygen and pH value three norms, chemically index refers to ammonia nitrogen, nitrite, permanganate, total phosphorus and the large index of total nitrogen five, this system adopts Internet of Things+culture of Chinese mitten crab technology, there is water quality monitoring, video monitoring, production management, the comprehensive function such as SMS notification and Long-distance Control, Real-Time Monitoring is carried out to the water quality of aquaculture pond, wireless transmission, focus on and wireless report, 24 hours Monitoring and forecasting system in real-times can be carried out to water quality, reach " with foresight " and " scientific and reasonable arrangement crabs production ", for culture of Chinese mitten crab family provides real-time technological guidance, effective raising culture of Chinese mitten crab output and benefit.
It is reported, this system is the aquatic products Internet of things system that domestic current Testing index is the most complete, intelligent level is the highest, can Real-Time Monitoring temperature, dissolved oxygen, pH, ammonia nitrogen, nitrite, permanganate, total phosphorus and total nitrogen 8 water-quality guideline, precision can reach less than 1%, and can carry out real-time and the inquiry of historical data, data and curves drafting etc.Full-automatic intelligent is achieved in this system operation:
First is automatic time sampling
Be equipped with automatically taking water system, each pond is furnished with a submersible pump, can according to the monitoring requirement sets itself sense cycle of stage each in aquaculture process to water quality, by PE closed conduct timing sampling.
Second is automatic examination and analysb
Be equipped with Full-automatic water quality in-line analyzer, Automatic Extraction PE pipeline water sample, adds chemical reagent automatically, and detection, automatic analysis, go out result automatically automatically.
3rd is automatically send SMS notification
According to the water-quality guideline value preset, automatic comparison is carried out with water quality monitoring result, if there is any one water-quality guideline to exceed safety value, system can be adopted an effective measure immediately automatically, by expert service system, production management suggestion and measure is sent on raiser's mobile phone automatically, for culture of Chinese mitten crab family provides the treatment scheme of science.When dissolved oxygen is lower than 4 mg/litre, system can instruct raiser to open aerator, and dissolved oxygen recovers to instruct raiser to close aerator normally; When water temperature is higher than 30 degree, system can advise the in good time moisturizing in culture of Chinese mitten crab family, adjustment feed structure etc.
In said system, applicant created pond water quality chemically Indexs measure water system adopt for device, it is one of key equipment in aquaculture Internet of Things on-line monitoring system.
Utility model content:
The purpose of this utility model is to provide the synchronous water supply installation of a kind of culture of Chinese mitten crab water quality key chemical Indexs measure.
The technical scheme that the utility model adopts is:
The synchronous water supply installation of a kind of culture of Chinese mitten crab water quality key chemical Indexs measure, is characterized in that: comprise suction pump, retaining valve, water inlet manifold, filtrator, two-port valve, nh 3-n analyser, nitrite analyser, permanganate analyser, total phosphorus analyser and total blood urea/nitrogen analyzer, the separate single that each pond to be detected is made up of suction pump and retaining valve is connected to water supply branch road with water inlet manifold, nh 3-n analyser, nitrite analyser, permanganate analyser, total phosphorus analyser is connected with water inlet manifold with two-port valve respectively by filtrator with total blood urea/nitrogen analyzer, its synchronous water supply process is: when A pond water quality is carried out chemically Indexs measure time, start the suction pump in A pond, close the suction pump in other pond, the press water that now suction pump in A pond is extracted out backs down retaining valve to water inlet manifold supply pressure water, the press water in water inlet manifold respectively by filtrator and two-port valve synchronously to nh 3-n analyser, nitrite analyser, permanganate analyser, total phosphorus analyser and total blood urea/nitrogen analyzer supply water, because the water delivering orifice of the suction pump be equipped with in each controlled pond is provided with retaining valve, therefore, the water extracted out from A pond can not reflux in other pond, form pollution.If this detects is not detect first time, then all there is ponding in water inlet manifold and every bar water supply branch road, control all two-port valves by control system to be in pressure release and to fill and wash pipeline state, after rinsing for 10 ~ 30 seconds, two-port valve is commutated, synchronously supply water to nh 3-n analyser, nitrite analyser, permanganate analyser, total phosphorus analyser and total blood urea/nitrogen analyzer, so just can ensure that nh 3-n analyser, nitrite analyser, permanganate analyser, total phosphorus analyser and the water that always blood urea/nitrogen analyzer detects are the water in A pond, thus ensure the authenticity of testing result.When B pond water quality is carried out chemically Indexs measure time, as long as start the suction pump in B pond, close the suction pump in other pond, other operation steps and A pond water quality chemical index detect operate identical.
In the utility model, described filtrator comprises filtration barrel body, bottom end cover, upper end cover, upper filter screen sheet, upper spacer, lower filter screen sheet and lower spacer, water inlet is axially arranged with along filtration barrel body, filter screen chamber, water-purifying cavity and water delivering orifice, upper end cover is rotated with the upper end at filtration barrel body hermetically, upper filter screen sheet, upper spacer, lower filter screen sheet and lower spacer are sleeved in filter screen chamber from top to bottom successively, the height section that the surrounding sidewall of lower spacer corresponds to water inlet is provided with inlet opening equably, bottom end cover is rotated with the lower end at filtration barrel body hermetically, upper filter screen sheet, upper spacer, filter screen chamber is divided into primary filter chamber and cascade filtration chamber by lower filter screen sheet and lower spacer, water inlet is connected with primary filter chamber, water delivering orifice is connected with water-purifying cavity, upper end cover is rotated with the upper end at filtration barrel body hermetically.
Further, the diameter that the surrounding sidewall of lower spacer is provided with inlet opening is 1 ~ 3 millimeter, is provided with seal, between upper end cover and the upper end of filtration barrel body, arranges seal between bottom end cover and the lower end of filtration barrel body.
Further, the order number of upper filter screen sheet is greater than the order number of lower filter screen sheet.
Work principle of filter is: the press water in water inlet manifold enters from water inlet, then filters through the thick assorted of lower spacer successively, then filters through the thin assorted of lower filter screen sheet, flows to corresponding chemical index analyser finally by after the micro-assorted filtration of upper filter screen sheet from water delivering orifice.The water extracted out from pond to be detected like this have passed three roads and filters, can not only young spiral shell effectively in filtering water, weeds and a shape coarse impurities, and can the suspended impurity such as algae in filtering water, simultaneously can effectively filtering to trickle of the silt contained in water, ensure that the water cleanliness entering chemical index analyser, thus ensure the accuracy of water quality detection.
Because this filtrator adopts Split assembled structure, be convenient to timing disassembly, cleaning, reusable.
The utility model is the synchronous water true to be detected providing homogeneity to each chemical index analyser both, although different pond to be checked shares same set of water supply installation, but the setting of retaining valve has been stopped the mutually mixed of each pond waters to be checked and has been polluted, arranging of filtrator can physical impurity effectively in filtering water, thus ensure to treat the synchronous detection that the water quality detecting pond carries out multinomial chemical index simultaneously, and the Impersonal authenticity of water quality detection can be ensured, it is gordian technique in hydrochemistry index synchronous detection equipment in culture of Chinese mitten crab Internet of Things on-line monitoring system.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present utility model;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of filtrator;
In figure: 1-suction pump; 2-retaining valve; 3-water inlet manifold; 4-filtrator; 5-two-port valve; 6-nh 3-n analyser; 7-nitrite analyser; 8-permanganate analyser; 9-total phosphorus analyser; The total blood urea/nitrogen analyzer of 10-; 41-filtration barrel body; 42-bottom end cover; 43-upper end cover; 44-upper filter screen sheet; The upper spacer of 45-; 46-lower filter screen sheet; Spacer under 47-; 411-water inlet; 412-filter screen chamber; 413-water-purifying cavity; 414-water delivering orifice.
Embodiment:
Specific embodiments of the present utility model is described in detail below in conjunction with accompanying drawing:
Embodiment 1: the synchronous water supply installation of a kind of culture of Chinese mitten crab water quality key chemical Indexs measure, as Fig. 1, shown in Fig. 2, comprise suction pump 1, retaining valve 2, water inlet manifold 3, filtrator 4, two-port valve 5, nh 3-n analyser 6, nitrite analyser 7, permanganate analyser 8, total phosphorus analyser 9 and total blood urea/nitrogen analyzer 10, the separate single that each pond to be detected is made up of suction pump 1 and retaining valve 2 is connected to water supply branch road with water inlet manifold 3, nh 3-n analyser 6, nitrite analyser 7, permanganate analyser 8, total phosphorus analyser 9 is connected with water inlet manifold 3 with two-port valve 5 respectively by filtrator 4 with total blood urea/nitrogen analyzer 10, and described filtrator 4 comprises filtration barrel body 41, bottom end cover 42, upper end cover 43, upper filter screen sheet 44, upper spacer 45, lower filter screen sheet 46 and lower spacer 47, be axially arranged with water inlet 411 along filtration barrel body 41, filter screen chamber 412, water-purifying cavity 413 and water delivering orifice 414, upper end cover 43 is rotated with the upper end at filtration barrel body 41 hermetically, upper filter screen sheet 44, upper spacer 45, lower filter screen sheet 46 and lower spacer 47 are sleeved in filter screen chamber 412 from top to bottom successively, the height section that the surrounding sidewall of lower spacer 47 corresponds to water inlet 411 is provided with inlet opening equably, bottom end cover 42 is rotated with the lower end at filtration barrel body 41 hermetically, upper filter screen sheet 44, upper spacer 45, filter screen chamber 412 is divided into primary filter chamber and cascade filtration chamber by lower filter screen sheet 46 and lower spacer 47, water inlet 411 is connected with primary filter chamber, water delivering orifice 414 is connected with water-purifying cavity 413, upper end cover 43 is rotated with the upper end at filtration barrel body 41 hermetically, the diameter that the surrounding sidewall of lower spacer 47 is provided with inlet opening is 1 ~ 3 millimeter, be provided with seal between the lower end of bottom end cover 42 and filtration barrel body 41, seal is set between upper end cover 43 and the upper end of filtration barrel body 41.The order number of upper filter screen sheet 44 is greater than the order number of lower filter screen sheet 46.
The synchronous water supply process of the utility model is as follows:
When A pond water quality is carried out chemically Indexs measure time, start the suction pump 1 in A pond, close the suction pump in other pond, the press water that now suction pump 1 in A pond is extracted out backs down retaining valve 2 to water inlet manifold 3 supply pressure water, press water in water inlet manifold 3 is synchronous to nh 3-n analyser 6 respectively by filtrator 4 and two-port valve 5, nitrite analyser 7, permanganate analyser 8, total phosphorus analyser 9 and total blood urea/nitrogen analyzer 10 supply water, because the water delivering orifice of the suction pump 1 be equipped with in each controlled pond is provided with retaining valve 2, therefore, from A pond extract out water can not reflux in other pond, formed and pollute.If this detects is not detect first time, then all there is ponding in water inlet manifold 3 and every bar water supply branch road, control all two-port valves 5 by control system to be in pressure release and to fill and wash pipeline state, after rinsing for 10 ~ 30 seconds, two-port valve 5 is commutated, synchronous to nh 3-n analyser 6, nitrite analyser 7, permanganate analyser 8, total phosphorus analyser 9 and total blood urea/nitrogen analyzer 10 supply water, so just can ensure nh 3-n analyser 6, nitrite analyser 7, permanganate analyser 8, the water that total phosphorus analyser 9 and total blood urea/nitrogen analyzer 10 detect is the water in A pond, thus ensure the authenticity of testing result.When B pond water quality is carried out chemically Indexs measure time, as long as start the suction pump 1 in B pond, close the suction pump in other pond, other operation steps and A pond water quality chemical index detect operate identical.

Claims (4)

1. the synchronous water supply installation of culture of Chinese mitten crab water quality key chemical Indexs measure, it is characterized in that: comprise suction pump (1), retaining valve (2), water inlet manifold (3), filtrator (4), two-port valve (5), nh 3-n analyser (6), nitrite analyser (7), permanganate analyser (8), total phosphorus analyser (9) and total blood urea/nitrogen analyzer (10), the separate single that each pond to be detected is made up of suction pump (1) and retaining valve (2) is connected to water supply branch road with water inlet manifold (3), nh 3-n analyser (6), nitrite analyser (7), permanganate analyser (8), total phosphorus analyser (9) is connected with water inlet manifold (3) with two-port valve (5) respectively by filtrator (4) with total blood urea/nitrogen analyzer (10).
2. the synchronous water supply installation of culture of Chinese mitten crab water quality key chemical Indexs measure according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described filtrator (4) comprises filtration barrel body (41), bottom end cover (42), upper end cover (43), upper filter screen sheet (44), upper spacer (45), lower filter screen sheet (46) and lower spacer (47), water inlet (411) is axially arranged with along filtration barrel body (41), filter screen chamber (412), water-purifying cavity (413) and water delivering orifice (414), upper end cover (43) is rotated with the upper end in filtration barrel body (41) hermetically, upper filter screen sheet (44), upper spacer (45), lower filter screen sheet (46) and lower spacer (47) are sleeved in filter screen chamber (412) from top to bottom successively, the height section that the surrounding sidewall of lower spacer (47) corresponds to water inlet (411) is provided with inlet opening equably, bottom end cover (42) is rotated with the lower end in filtration barrel body (41) hermetically, upper filter screen sheet (44), upper spacer (45), filter screen chamber (412) are divided into primary filter chamber and cascade filtration chamber by lower filter screen sheet (46) and lower spacer (47), water inlet (411) is connected with primary filter chamber, water delivering orifice (414) is connected with water-purifying cavity (413), upper end cover (43) is rotated with the upper end in filtration barrel body (41) hermetically.
3. the synchronous water supply installation of culture of Chinese mitten crab water quality key chemical Indexs measure according to claim 2, it is characterized in that: the diameter that the surrounding sidewall of lower spacer (47) is provided with inlet opening is 1 ~ 3 millimeter, be provided with seal between the lower end of bottom end cover (42) and filtration barrel body (41), seal is set between upper end cover (43) and the upper end of filtration barrel body (41).
4. the synchronous water supply installation of culture of Chinese mitten crab water quality key chemical Indexs measure according to claim 2, is characterized in that: the order number of upper filter screen sheet (44) is greater than the order number of lower filter screen sheet (46).
CN201520843486.5U 2015-10-28 2015-10-28 Crucial chemistry nature index of culture of chinese mitten crab quality of water detects synchronous water supply installation Active CN205120701U (en)

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