CN205101038U - Be applied to wall structure in ground capable district of rail - Google Patents

Be applied to wall structure in ground capable district of rail Download PDF

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Publication number
CN205101038U
CN205101038U CN201520887818.XU CN201520887818U CN205101038U CN 205101038 U CN205101038 U CN 205101038U CN 201520887818 U CN201520887818 U CN 201520887818U CN 205101038 U CN205101038 U CN 205101038U
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China
Prior art keywords
steel
wall body
block
prefabricated units
steel column
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CN201520887818.XU
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
易诗轩
翟利华
徐文田
王建
王睿
史海欧
何金福
蔡君安
邹成路
肖峰
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Guangzhou Metro Design and Research Institute Co Ltd
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Guangzhou Metro Design and Research Institute Co Ltd
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Abstract

The utility model provides a be applied to wall structure in ground capable district of rail, include: a steel structural framework for regarding as wall structure's frame, an and install for regarding as the wall a plurality of prefabricated component on the steel structural framework, be used for connecting steel structural framework with prefabricated component's first connecting piece, and be used for connecting two prefabricated component's second connecting piece. The wall structure tunnel section that is applied to ground rail capable district as the training wall enlarge the section, make the training wall both can satisfy the daily driving safety of next day after constructing night, can realize the functional requirement of training wall itself again, satisfy requirements such as bearing capacity, durability, fire prevention. And the easy dismouting of wall structure, be convenient for daily maintenance of training wall and change. The problem of have the quality in the change is solved difficult problems such as high, the construction difficulty of long in time limit, the safe risk that exists of training wall time tradition worker method, renovate the new mode that provides for the maintenance of the capable district wall body of subway engineering rail.

Description

Be applied to the wall body structure in subway rail row district
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of wall body structure, particularly a kind of wall body structure being applied to subway rail row district.
Background technology
When there is section expanding reach in tunnel, the air-flow formed when the wall body structure that must arrange certain length is advanced in order to transition train, meet the requirement of driving comfort level with this, this wall body structure is referred to as guide wall.Guide wall is the structure structure of underground station or ventilating shaft on the one hand, bears the stream pressure of advancing from train on the other hand.
The form of structure of tradition guide wall divides two kinds: reinforced concrete wall and brick wall.Generally speaking, concrete wall are compared brick wall structure and are possessed better durability, strength and stiffness.But in the Practical Project of China, also have a lot of circuit to have employed brick wall structure as guide wall, in the city rail traffic route built especially in early days, the guide wall of these circuits all have employed brick wall structure, and run for many years.Due to many-sided reasons such as design omission, construction quality, underground environments, part guide wall (concrete wall or brick wall) appearance is ftractureed, comes off, is fallen the phenomenons such as block, and serious threat is to the traffic safety in Gui Hang district, tunnel.Now must these in-problem guide walls be repaired or be changed.
Repair subway rail row district guide wall (brick wall or concrete wall), engineering conventional is at present masonry bearing capacity technology or Reinforcement Technology of Concrete Structure, domestic existing related specifications; And change subway rail row district guide wall and be actually the process of first removing and rebuilding body of wall afterwards.Rebuild wall body structure according to traditional structural concept in subway rail row district, lay bricks wall or concreting wall, all there is significant limitation in the practice of construction of this two schemes during metro operation, is subject to engineering time and environmental limit, is embodied in:
(1) subway must be runed as usual, and the engineering time can only during night stops transport, and reality can only have 2 ~ 4 hours nights the engineering time.
(2) guide wall distance train minimum clear distance in Gui Hang district is less than 1m, all must the traffic safety of absolute guarantee next day after carrying on construction work at night every day.
(3), when driving a vehicle in the daytime, train normally to advance at a high speed through Gui Hang district guide wall, can produce larger blast at guide wall place, and have air-flow to suddenly change.Construction period must consider that this blast and air-flow are resisted in corresponding measure, also will ensure the construction quality of body of wall itself simultaneously.
As can be seen here, for guide wall reinstatement works among a small circle, traditional construction technology is adopted, even feasible; But for the replacing engineering of view picture guide wall, adopt heavily lay bricks wall or again concreting wall be all difficult to be suitable for.
Utility model content
The utility model object is to overcome the deficiencies in the prior art, provides a kind of wall body structure being applied to subway rail row district, and its structure is ingenious and firm, easy disassembly and maintenance.
In order to achieve the above object, the utility model is by the following technical solutions:
Be applied to the wall body structure in subway rail row district, comprise:
For the steel structure frame as wall body structure framework;
For as metope and the some prefabricated units be arranged on described steel structure frame;
For connecting the first connector of described steel structure frame and described prefabricated units; And
For connecting the second connector of two prefabricated units.
As preferably, described steel structure frame comprises some steel columns and top girder steel; Described steel column is parallel to each other and leaves space each other, between the upper end that two root type steel columns are located at by described top girder steel and perpendicular to described steel column, the two ends of described top girder steel are connected with steel column respectively; Described prefabricated units are arranged in described space.
As preferably, described steel column is I shape steel column, and the edge of a wing lateral surface of described I shape steel column presses close to described prefabricated units.
As preferably, between the edge of a wing of described I shape steel column, be provided with the floor of putting more energy into for reinforced steel column section local stability.
As preferably, described steel column is provided with the installing hole for installing described first connector; Described first connector comprises suspension hook, and the downside of described top girder steel is provided with suspension hook.
As preferably, described steel structure frame also comprises the edge sealing angle bar of the connecting portion for the protection of steel column and prefabricated units, the cross section Wei “ ∟ of edge sealing angle bar " type; The one side wing edge back of the body of described edge sealing angle bar pastes described steel column, and the opposite side edge of a wing back of the body pastes the sidewall of described prefabricated units.
As preferably, described prefabricated units comprise assembled piece of standard, are connected block and the block that binds; Assembled piece of described standard, be connected block and the block that binds from bottom to top is installed successively.
As preferably, described in bind and when the upper surface of block is provided with for installing, surround the groove of suspension hook, lower surface be provided with for be connected with described linking block without screw shell;
The upper surface of described linking block is provided with the screw shell for being connected with the described block that binds by the second connector, lower surface be provided with for be connected with described calibrated bolck without screw shell;
The upper surface that described standard is assembled piece is provided with for by the second connector and described linking block or folded standard assembled piece of screw shell be connected thereon, and lower surface is provided with without screw shell;
Left surface and the right flank of described prefabricated units are respectively equipped with the screw shell be connected with steel column by the first connector.
As preferably, described first connector comprises bolt, suspension hook; Described second connector is latch.
As preferably, described second connector is latch, and described latch upper end is round steel, lower end is screw thread.
As preferably, be all provided with one deck between described steel structure frame and described prefabricated units, between two prefabricated units for strengthening the bonding packed layer of bonding strength.
As preferably, described bonding packed layer material is epoxy resin structural adhesive layer or grout layer.
Compared with prior art, the utility model has following beneficial effect:
Wall body structure described in the utility model is applied to the tunnel cross-section expanding reach in subway rail row district as guide wall, make guide wall both can meet the daily traffic safety of next day after carrying on construction work at night, the functional requirement of guide wall itself can be realized again, meet the requirements such as bearing capacity, durability, fire prevention.And the easy dismounting of wall body structure, be convenient to the daily maintenance of guide wall and replacing.The difficult problems such as long in time limit, security risk is high, the constructional difficulties that solve that tradition engineering method (lay bricks wall or cast-in-place concrete wall) when changing defective in quality guide wall exists, for subway engineering Gui Hang district body of wall safeguards that renovation providing a kind of new mode.
Component strength of the present utility model is high, and connect reliable, safety is high; Construction is guaranteed for man-hour, constructs at any time, knocks off at any time, saves the duration; , there is not the operations such as cast in situs in the easy and safety of working measure; Install and easy to maintenance, detachably, replaceable; Applicability is wide, the equal adjustable scantling of the body of wall for differing heights, width and different parts.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is local of the present utility model sectional elevation structural representation;
Fig. 2 is flat cross-sectional view of the present utility model.
In figure:
11-steel column; 111-floor of putting more energy into; 12-top girder steel; 13-edge sealing angle bar; 2-prefabricated units; Assembled piece of 21-standard; 22-be connected block; 23-bind block; 31-bolt; 32-latch; 33-suspension hook; 41-screw shell; 42-without screw shell.
Now the utility model is described in further detail with specific embodiment by reference to the accompanying drawings.
Detailed description of the invention
Consult shown in Fig. 1 and Fig. 2, a kind of wall body structure being applied to subway rail row district described in the utility model, comprising:
For the steel structure frame as wall body structure framework;
For as metope and the some prefabricated units 2 be arranged on steel structure frame;
For connecting the first connector of steel structure frame and prefabricated units 2;
For connecting the second connector of two prefabricated units 2.
Wherein:
First connector comprises bolt 31, suspension hook 33; Second connector comprises latch 32.
Steel structure frame comprises some steel columns 11 and top girder steel 12; Steel column 11 is parallel to each other and leaves space each other, and between the upper end that two root type steel columns 11 are located at by top girder steel 12 and perpendicular to steel column 11, the two ends of top girder steel 12 are connected with steel column 11 respectively, the downside of top girder steel 12 is provided with suspension hook 33.As preferably, steel column 11 is the I shape steel column (shaped steel of cross section is roughly " work " type, it comprises upper and lower two edges of a wing), further, between the edge of a wing of I shape steel column, be provided with the floor 111 of putting more energy into for reinforced steel column section local stability.
Prefabricated units 2 are arranged in the space between two steel columns 11; Prefabricated units 2 comprise standard assembled piece 21, are connected block 22 and the block 23 that binds; Standard assembled piece 21, linking block 22 and the block 23 that binds from bottom to top are installed successively.Consult shown in Fig. 1, standard assembled piece 21 is stacked from lower to upper, and standard can arrange some layers according to the height of wall body structure for assembled piece 21, is connected block 22 and is stacked on most lastblock standard assembled piece 21, is finally the block 23 that binds being connected what block 22 was arranged; It can thus be appreciated that standard assembled piece 21 chief component as metope, its top arranges one piece for being connected standard assembled piece 21 and the linking block 22 of the block 23 that binds, and the block 23 that binds is as most last layer.
As preferably, standard assembled piece 21, be connected block 22, the block 23 that binds is prefabricated reinforced concrete wall block, concrete class is C30 or C35.
As preferably, standard assembled piece of 21 wide 1.5m, high 1.5m, thickness 0.16 ~ 0.2m (being determined by on-site actual situations).
As preferably, be connected the wide 1.5m of block 22, height is determined by standard assembled piece 21 and binding after block 23 arranges setting-out according to on-the-spot actual height, is generally 1.0 ~ 2.0m, and thickness is with standard assembled piece 21.
As preferably, bind the wide 1.5m of block 23, high 0.15m, and thickness is with standard assembled piece 21.
Prefabricated units 2 are provided with branch sleeve for being connected with another component or groove.Particularly:
Bind and when the upper surface of block 23 is provided with for installing, surround the groove of suspension hook 33.When block is bound in installation, the block 23 that binds can be pushed into top girder steel 12 and be connected in the space between block 22, thus makes suspension hook 33 also just load among the reserved groove of the block 23 that binds; Bind the lower surface of block 23 be provided with for be connected that block is connected without screw shell.Be connected the upper surface of block 22 and be provided with screw shell 41 for being connected with the block that binds, lower surface be provided with for standard be connected for assembled piece 21 without screw shell 42.The upper surface that standard is assembled piece 21 is provided with the screw shell 41 for being connected with linking block or folded assembled piece of standard thereon, and lower surface is provided with without screw shell 42.Standard assembled piece 21, linking block 22 and the block 23 that binds are from bottom to top stacked successively, branch sleeve on the face that stacked prefabricated units 2 contact with each other (upper surface of prefabricated units 2 for without screw shell 42, lower surface is for there being screw shell 41) is relative one by one and connected by latch 32.This latch 32 upper end is round steel, lower end is screw thread, and upper end is inserted without screw shell 42, and lower end screws in screw shell 41, thus realizes the connection of standard assembled piece 21, linking block 22 and the block 23 that binds successively.
The upper surface being connected block 22 and standard assembled piece 21 is equipped with screw shell 41; During hoisting prefabricated component 2, hook can be screwed into in screw shell, be convenient to lifting.After prefabricated units 2 lifting puts in place, hook of can back-outing, is screwed into latch 32, repeats step subsequently and lifts next block prefabricated unit 2.
The edge of a wing lateral surface of steel column 11 presses close to prefabricated units 2, and the edge of a wing of I shape steel column 11 is provided with corresponding prefabricated units 2 for installing the installing hole of the first connector.The screw shell 41 for being connected with steel column 11 is provided with in the left and right side (leptoprosopy namely in horizontal direction) of prefabricated units 2, these screw shells 41 are relative one by one with installing hole, connected by bolt 31, thus realize the connection of prefabricated units 2 and steel column 11.
Shown in participation Fig. 2, steel structure frame also comprises for the protection of steel column 11 edge sealing angle bar 13 with the connecting portion of prefabricated units 2, the cross section of edge sealing angle bar 13 Wei “ ∟ " type.The one side wing edge back of the body of edge sealing angle bar 13 pastes steel column, and the opposite side edge of a wing back of the body pastes the sidewall of prefabricated units 2.(epoxy resin) cementation of fissures of slip casting between edge sealing angle bar 13 and prefabricated units 2 or inject bonding adhesive, makes both be connected and fixed; Be connected by spot welding between edge sealing angle bar 13 with steel column 11.
One deck is provided with for strengthening the bonding packed layer of bonding strength between steel structure frame and prefabricated units 2, between two prefabricated units 2.As preferably, bonding packed layer material is epoxy resin structural adhesive layer or grout layer.
The mounting means being applied to the wall body structure in subway rail row district described in the utility model:
Between the structure roof and base plate in subway rail row district, install steel structure frame, the two ends by steel column 11 are separately fixed at structure roof and base plate; The top of top girder steel 12 is fixed on structure roof, and two ends are connected with two root type steel columns 11 respectively.Structure base slab between two steel columns 11 implants fastening screw by anchoring technique after structure tendon-planted craft or chemical bolt; .
Then lift on the base plate between first piece of standard assembled piece of 21 to two steel columns 11, what make first piece of standard assembled piece of 21 lower surfaces is enclosed within the fastening screw of structure base slab without screw shell 42, after having lifted, in the screw shell 41 of first piece of standard assembled piece of 21 both sides, load bolt 31 by the installing hole on steel column 11 edge of a wing, and in the screw shell 41 of first piece of standard assembled piece of 21 upper surfaces, latch 32 is installed.
Then lifting second piece of standard assembled piece 21 in first piece of standard assembled piece 21, what make the lower surface of second piece of standard assembled piece 21 is enclosed within first piece of standard assembled piece of 21 mounted latches 32 in upper end without screw shell 42, in the screw shell 41 of second piece of standard assembled piece of 21 both sides, load bolt 31 by the installing hole on steel column 11 edge of a wing, and in the screw shell 41 of the upper surface of second piece of standard assembled piece 21, latch 32 is installed.
So analogize and progressively up install the 3rd piece, the 4th piece ... standard assembled piece 21;
Then block 22 is connected at the upper lifting of most lastblock standard assembled piece 21, what make its lower end is enclosed within most lastblock standard assembled piece of 21 mounted latches 32 in upper end without screw shell 42, loads bolt 31 by the installing hole on steel column 11 edge of a wing in the screw shell 41 being connected block 22 both sides.
Install the block 23 that binds subsequently, Liftable also can manually directly be installed.The block 23 that binds pushed top girder steel 12 and be connected in the space between block 22, thus suspension hook 33 is also loaded among the reserved groove of the block 23 that binds just.By the installing hole on steel column 11 edge of a wing to rank bind block 23 both sides screw shell 41 in load bolt 31.
Finally install edge sealing angle bar 13 and pour into and bonding packed layer is set.Namely installation is completed.
Wall body structure described in the utility model is applied to the tunnel cross-section expanding reach in subway rail row district as guide wall, make guide wall both can meet the daily traffic safety of next day after carrying on construction work at night, the functional requirement of guide wall itself can be realized again, meet the requirements such as bearing capacity, durability, fire prevention.And the easy dismounting of wall body structure, be convenient to the daily maintenance of guide wall and replacing.The difficult problems such as long in time limit, security risk is high, the constructional difficulties that solve that tradition engineering method (lay bricks wall or cast-in-place concrete wall) when changing defective in quality guide wall exists, for subway engineering Gui Hang district body of wall safeguards that renovation providing a kind of new mode.
Component strength of the present utility model is high, and connect reliable, safety is high; Construction is guaranteed for man-hour, constructs at any time, knocks off at any time, saves the duration; , there is not the operations such as cast in situs in the easy and safety of working measure; Install and easy to maintenance, detachably, replaceable; Applicability is wide, the equal adjustable scantling of the body of wall for differing heights, width and different parts.
The utility model is not limited to above-mentioned embodiment, if do not depart from spirit and scope of the present utility model to various change of the present utility model or modification, if these are changed and modification belongs within claim of the present utility model and equivalent technologies scope, then the utility model is also intended to comprise these changes and variation.

Claims (12)

1. be applied to the wall body structure in subway rail row district, it is characterized in that, comprising:
For the steel structure frame as wall body structure framework;
For as metope and the some prefabricated units be arranged on described steel structure frame;
For connecting the first connector of described steel structure frame and described prefabricated units; And
For connecting the second connector of two prefabricated units.
2. the wall body structure being applied to subway rail row district according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described steel structure frame comprises some steel columns and top girder steel; Described steel column is parallel to each other and leaves space each other, between the upper end that two root type steel columns are located at by described top girder steel and perpendicular to described steel column, the two ends of described top girder steel are connected with steel column respectively; Described prefabricated units are arranged in described space.
3. the wall body structure being applied to subway rail row district according to claim 2, is characterized in that, described steel column is I shape steel column, and the edge of a wing lateral surface of described I shape steel column presses close to described prefabricated units.
4. the wall body structure being applied to subway rail row district according to claim 3, is characterized in that, is provided with the floor of putting more energy into for reinforced steel column section local stability between the edge of a wing of described I shape steel column.
5. the wall body structure being applied to subway rail row district according to claim 2, is characterized in that, described steel column is provided with the installing hole for installing described first connector; Described first connector comprises suspension hook, and the downside of described top girder steel is provided with suspension hook.
6. the wall body structure being applied to subway rail row district according to claim 2, is characterized in that, described steel structure frame also comprises the edge sealing angle bar of the connecting portion for the protection of steel column and prefabricated units, the cross section Wei “ ∟ of edge sealing angle bar " type; The one side wing edge back of the body of described edge sealing angle bar pastes described steel column, and the opposite side edge of a wing back of the body pastes the sidewall of described prefabricated units.
7. the wall body structure being applied to subway rail row district according to claim 2, is characterized in that,
Described prefabricated units comprise assembled piece of standard, are connected block and the block that binds; Assembled piece of described standard, be connected block and the block that binds from bottom to top is installed successively.
8. the wall body structure being applied to subway rail row district according to claim 7, is characterized in that,
Surround the groove of suspension hook when the upper surface of the described block that binds is provided with for installing, lower surface be provided with for be connected with described linking block without screw shell;
The upper surface of described linking block is provided with the screw shell for being connected with the described block that binds by the second connector, lower surface be provided with for be connected with described calibrated bolck without screw shell;
The upper surface that described standard is assembled piece is provided with for by the second connector and described linking block or folded standard assembled piece of screw shell be connected thereon, and lower surface is provided with without screw shell;
Left surface and the right flank of described prefabricated units are respectively equipped with the screw shell be connected with steel column by the first connector.
9. the wall body structure being applied to subway rail row district according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described first connector comprises bolt, suspension hook.
10. the wall body structure being applied to subway rail row district according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described second connector is latch, and described latch upper end is round steel, lower end is screw thread.
11. wall body structures being applied to subway rail row district according to claim 1, is characterized in that, are all provided with one deck for strengthening the bonding packed layer of bonding strength between described steel structure frame and described prefabricated units, between two prefabricated units.
12. wall body structures being applied to subway rail row district according to claim 11, is characterized in that, described bonding packed layer material is epoxy resin structural adhesive layer or grout layer.
CN201520887818.XU 2015-11-06 2015-11-06 Be applied to wall structure in ground capable district of rail Active CN205101038U (en)

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CN201520887818.XU CN205101038U (en) 2015-11-06 2015-11-06 Be applied to wall structure in ground capable district of rail

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CN201520887818.XU CN205101038U (en) 2015-11-06 2015-11-06 Be applied to wall structure in ground capable district of rail

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105443156A (en) * 2015-12-23 2016-03-30 苏交科集团股份有限公司 Shield tunnel prefabricated partition wall

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105443156A (en) * 2015-12-23 2016-03-30 苏交科集团股份有限公司 Shield tunnel prefabricated partition wall

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Address after: 510010 No. 204 Huanshi West Road, Guangzhou City, Guangdong Province

Patentee after: Guangzhou Metro Design and Research Institute Co., Ltd.

Address before: 510010 No. 204 Huanshi West Road, Guangzhou City, Guangdong Province

Patentee before: Guangzhou Metro Design & Research Institute Co., Ltd.