CN205096847U - Multiaxis is from chip removal formula numerically controlled fraise machine equipment - Google Patents

Multiaxis is from chip removal formula numerically controlled fraise machine equipment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN205096847U
CN205096847U CN201520697271.7U CN201520697271U CN205096847U CN 205096847 U CN205096847 U CN 205096847U CN 201520697271 U CN201520697271 U CN 201520697271U CN 205096847 U CN205096847 U CN 205096847U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
multiaxis
machine equipment
chip removal
processing
milling machine
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201520697271.7U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
洪庆良
王书强
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Nanjing Chunrui Precision Machinery Co Ltd
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Nanjing Chunrui Precision Machinery Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201520697271.7U priority Critical patent/CN205096847U/en
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Abstract

The utility model relates to a multiaxis is from chip removal formula numerically controlled fraise machine equipment, including the lathe bed, be provided with the layer board on the lathe bed, its characteristics are: being provided with processing on the layer board and bearing the device, it has machining region to distribute on it, and is provided with the locating support on the lathe bed, install spindle unit on it, and spindle unit is located machining region. Simultaneously, spindle unit is connected with the toolbox through turning to the subassembly. And the below or side of bearing the device in processing are provided with sweeps ejection of compact region, are connected with the sweeps on the sweeps ejection of compact region and collect eduction gear, are connected with control assembly on the locating support, the last control panel that installs of control assembly. From this, the processing of three -dimensional triaxial can be realized, follow -up secondary operation's adjustment can be removed as far as possible from. Chip cleaner has been adopted, the sweeps of in time discharging. The what is more important through the cooperation of multiunit cutter, can be directed against some the special thin wall or the requirements of the processing of thin basic skill or training's piece, and the work piece possess appropriate intensity during guaranteeing to process, deformation can not appear.

Description

Multiaxis is from chip removal type CNC milling machine equipment
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of process equipment, particularly relates to a kind of multiaxis from chip removal type CNC milling machine equipment.
Background technology
Machining center develops from CNC milling machine.Be that machining center has the ability automatically exchanging process tool with the maximum difference of CNC milling machine, by installing the cutter of different purposes on tool magazine, in clamped one time, the process tool on main shaft can be changed by automatic tool changer, realizing multiple machining functions.
Specifically, the high-efficiency automatic lathe being applicable to processed complex part that is made up of plant equipment and digital control system of numerical control machining center.Numerical control machining center is current one of the highest, most widely used Digit Control Machine Tool of output in the world.Its comprehensive process ability is stronger, more processing content can be completed after workpiece clamped one time, machining accuracy is higher, with regard to the batch workpiece of medium difficulty of processing, its efficiency is 5 ~ 10 times of conventional equipment, particularly it can complete the processing that many conventional equipments can not complete, more complicated to shape, the single-piece work that required precision is high or small batch multi-item production more applicable.
In other words, numerical control machining center is the numerical control machine tool that a kind of function is more complete.It concentrates on functions such as milling, boring, drilling, tapping and screw cuttings on an equipment, makes it have kinds of processes means.Machining center is provided with tool magazine, deposits various cutter or the cubing of varying number, automatically selected and change in process by program in tool magazine.This is the main distinction of it and CNC milling machine, numerical control borer.Particularly for frock and special plane equipment must be adopted to ensure the workpiece of product quality and efficiency.This can be the development of new product and saving a large amount of time and the expense of regenerating of retrofiting, thus makes enterprise have stronger competitiveness.
Combining classification:
Machining center is often divided into vertical machining centre and horizontal Machining centers by the state of main shaft residing for space, and what the main shaft of machining center was in plumbness in space is called vertical machining centre, and what main shaft was in level in space is called horizontal Machining centers.Main shaft can be done vertical and level conversion, is called vertical and horizontal machining center or five machining centers, also claims Compositions of metal-working machines.Divide by the quantity of machining center column, have open side type and queen post (planer-type).
Divide by machining center coordinates of motion number and the number of coordinates that controls simultaneously: have that three axles two link, three axle linkages, four axle linkages, five axle four-axle linkage, six-axle five-linkage etc.Three axles, four axles refer to the coordinates of motion number that machining center has, and interlock refers to that control system can the number of coordinates of simultaneously controlled motion, thus realizes position and the speeds control of cutter opposite piece.
Divide by the quantity of workbench and function: have single working bench processing center, double-workbench machining center, and many working bench processing centers.
Divide by machining accuracy: have general-purpose machining center and high accuracy machining center.General-purpose machining center, resolution ratio is 1 μm, about maximum feed speed 15 ~ 25m/min, positioning precision l0 μm.High accuracy machining center, resolution ratio are 0.1 μm, and maximum feed speed is 15 ~ 100m/min, and positioning precision is about 2 μm.Between 2 ~ l0 μm, more with ± 5 μm, can micron order be claimed.
Prior art 201310611514.6, which provides the universal component of a kind of vertical machining centre and vertical machining centre and horizontal Machining centers.Specifically, these parts comprise lathe bed, base, X-axis stroke, Y-axis stroke, Z axis stroke and workbench, X-axis stroke ratio Y-axis stroke is long, it is characterized in that, described X-axis stroke is horizontally fixed on base, described Y-axis stroke level is installed on above X-axis stroke, and be provided with guide rail between Y-axis stroke and X-axis stroke, described workbench is installed on above Y-axis stroke.
During the problem that it is actual will solve, adopt the vertical machining centre of this universal component or horizontal Machining centers greatly can improve lathe service life, shorten the production cycle, significantly reduce production cost.
But, X, Y, Z that it provides tri-axle stroke cannot coordinate the place, position of subsequent tool, under the prerequisite reducing feed stroke as far as possible, product is processed.When practical application, owing to needing to take into account vertical and horizontal layout, all cannot realize the operation of facilitation.
Because above-mentioned defect, the design people, actively in addition research and innovation, to founding a kind of multiaxis from chip removal type CNC milling machine equipment, make it have more value in industry.
Utility model content
For solving the problems of the technologies described above, the purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of multiaxis from chip removal type CNC milling machine equipment.
Multiaxis of the present utility model is from chip removal type CNC milling machine equipment, include lathe bed, described lathe bed is provided with supporting plate, wherein: described supporting plate is provided with processing bogey, described processing bogey is distributed with machining area, described lathe bed is provided with locating support, described locating support is provided with main shaft device, described main shaft device is positioned at machining area, described main shaft device is connected with toolbox by steering assembly, the below of described processing bogey or side are provided with scrap discharging region, described scrap discharging region is connected with slug collection discharger, described locating support is connected with Control Component, described Control Component is provided with control panel.
Further, above-mentioned multiaxis is from chip removal type CNC milling machine equipment, and wherein, described processing bogey includes screw mandrel, described screw mandrel is connected with lathe table top, and described lathe table top is provided with Y-axis drive unit.
Further, above-mentioned multiaxis is from chip removal type CNC milling machine equipment, wherein, described main shaft device comprises the Z axis stroke guide rod of vertical distribution, described Z axis stroke guide rod is connected with Z axis drive unit, described Z axis stroke guide rod is horizontally arranged with X-axis stroke guide rod, described X-axis stroke guide rod is connected with X-axis drive unit.
Further, above-mentioned multiaxis is from chip removal type CNC milling machine equipment, and wherein, described steering assembly is circumferential level steering control device, the below of described circumferential level steering control device is provided with cutter positioning assembly, and described cutter positioning assembly is connected with toolbox.
Further, above-mentioned multiaxis is from chip removal type CNC milling machine equipment, wherein, described circumferential level steering control device includes and turns to drive motors, also include the driven gear being connected to and turning to the driving gear of drive motors and be meshed with driving gear, described driven gear is connected with cutter positioning assembly.
Further, above-mentioned multiaxis is from chip removal type CNC milling machine equipment, wherein, described toolbox is one or more in main process tool, laser processing tool bit, plasma process cutter, Multi-axis Machining cutter, V-notch forming tool, grooving cutter.
Further, above-mentioned multiaxis is from chip removal type CNC milling machine equipment, wherein, described slug collection discharger is chip cleaner, described chip cleaner is provided with scrap and draws guiding tube, the bottom of described scrap absorption guiding tube is provided with to connect draws corner, and the top that described scrap draws guiding tube is provided with input directing assembly.
Further, above-mentioned multiaxis is from chip removal type CNC milling machine equipment, and wherein, described X-axis drive unit, Y-axis drive unit, Z axis drive unit are brushless electric machine.
Further, above-mentioned multiaxis from chip removal type CNC milling machine equipment, wherein, be provided with positioner and gearshift bottom described lathe bed, described positioner is cushion block, and described cushion block is provided with adjusting screw(rod), institute's displacement apparatus includes universal wheel, and described universal wheel is connected with brake.
Again further, above-mentioned multiaxis is from chip removal type CNC milling machine equipment, and wherein, described control panel is touch-screen, or is key board.
By such scheme, the utility model at least has the following advantages:
1, X-axis drive unit, Y-axis drive unit, the cooperatively interacting of Z axis drive unit, can realize three-dimensional three axis machining to workpiece, can remove the adjustment of follow-up secondary operations as far as possible from.
2, coordinate lathe table top by screw mandrel, ensure stablizing and accurate displacement between processing period, while improving machining accuracy, reduce mismachining tolerance.
3, have employed chip cleaner, avoid the accumulation of appearance cutting scrap, chip and affect processing.
4, by the existence of positioner, the levelling needs of accurate horizontal plane can be realized, there will not be the horizontal error of machined surface.
5, rely on gearshift, while meeting carrying portability, can also lock in place be carried out, after guarantee is in place, not occur displacement.
6, by the cooperation of many group cutters, can need for some special thin-walled or the processing of thin basic skill or training's part, workpiece be formed reserved limit and forms auxiliary support assemblies, ensure that between processing period, workpiece has suitable intensity, there will not be machining deformation.
Above-mentioned explanation is only the general introduction of technical solutions of the utility model, in order to better understand technological means of the present utility model, and can be implemented according to the content of description, coordinates accompanying drawing to be described in detail as follows below with preferred embodiment of the present utility model.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of multiaxis from chip removal type CNC milling machine equipment.
In figure, the implication of each Reference numeral is as follows.
1 lathe bed 2 locating support
3 main shaft device 4 steering assemblies
5 toolbox 6 slug collection dischargers
7 control panel 8 screw mandrels
9 lathe table top 10Y axial brake devices
11Z axial brake device 12X axle stroke guide rod
13 connect and draw corner 14 and throw in directing assembly
15 positioner 16 gearshifts
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, detailed description of the invention of the present utility model is described in further detail.Following examples for illustration of the utility model, but are not used for limiting scope of the present utility model.
If the multiaxis of Fig. 1 is from chip removal type CNC milling machine equipment, include lathe bed 1, lathe bed 1 is provided with supporting plate, its unusual part is: the supporting plate that the utility model adopts is provided with processing bogey, place accurately during Product processing for the ease of workman, avoid occurring process excursion, processing bogey is distributed with machining area.Meanwhile, in order to have firm support, unnecessary vibration can not be there is in following process process, lathe bed 1 is provided with locating support 2, this locating support 2 is provided with main shaft device 3.Further, in order to reduce useless feed stroke as far as possible, promoting processing speed, making main shaft device 3 be positioned at machining area.That considers cutter moves towards needs, and adapt to different work pieces process angle needs, main shaft device 3 is connected with toolbox 5 by steering assembly 4.In conjunction with actual processing, requisite generation scrap, chip can be cut between processing period, collect to carry out in time and discharge, avoid impact processing, be provided with scrap discharging region in the below of work bogey or side, this scrap discharging region is connected with slug collection discharger 6.Moreover, consider that Automated condtrol is convenient, locating support 2 is connected with Control Component, and Control Component is provided with control panel 7.Specifically, in order to meet preferably man-machine interaction, improve property convenient for control, control panel 7 is touch-screen.Certainly, in order to reduce assembling manufacturing cost, key board can also be adopted.
In conjunction with the utility model one preferably embodiment, in order to adjust processing stations in time, and it is effectively stable to be in course of adjustment, and do not go out to produce skew, the processing bogey of employing includes screw mandrel 8.Specifically, in order to be connected with lathe table top 9 on screw mandrel 8, this lathe table top 9 is provided with Y-axis drive unit 10.Thus, the displacement that can meet Y direction runs needs.
Further, the main shaft device 3 that the utility model adopts comprises the Z axis stroke guide rod of vertical distribution, and Z axis stroke guide rod is connected with Z axis drive unit 11.Like this, the Z-direction position adjustment of main shaft device 3 self can be met.Meanwhile, Z axis stroke guide rod is horizontally arranged with X-axis stroke guide rod 12, this X-axis stroke guide rod 12 is connected with X-axis drive unit.Like this, the adjustment that workpiece just can realize Z axis, X-axis need not be taken off.
Meanwhile, consider the complete machining that can realize various radian and chamfering, there will not be processing dead angle, the steering assembly 4 related to is circumferential level steering control device.Specifically, the below of circumferential level steering control device is provided with cutter positioning assembly, cutter positioning assembly is connected with toolbox 5.Further, the circumferential level steering control device that the utility model adopts, includes the driving gear being connected to and turning to drive motors, and the driven gear be meshed with driving gear, makes driven gear be connected with cutter positioning assembly.Like this, the firm lift-launch of different cutter can be met.
Again further, in order to meet various different work pieces process needs, tackle branch's processing needs of various procedure of processing, the toolbox 5 of employing is one or more in main process tool, laser processing tool bit, plasma process cutter, Multi-axis Machining cutter, V-notch forming tool, grooving cutter simultaneously.Like this, when actual treatment, can adjust cutter at any time, the multicutter realized for single workpiece is processed, and avoids adopting single cutter to occur the halfway phenomenon of processing.Further, the burr of surface of the work can effectively be reduced, improving product outward appearance.Moreover, by the cooperation of multicutter, need in the processing for some special thin-walled or thin basic skill or training's part, effectively can form reserved limit to form auxiliary support assemblies, ensure that between processing period, workpiece has suitable intensity, there will not be machining deformation.
In conjunction with practical application, the slug collection discharger 6 that the utility model adopts is chip cleaner, realizes the outer in real time row of scrap, does not affect processing.Specifically, this chip cleaner is provided with scrap and draws guiding tube.In order to collect scrap as far as possible, avoid occurring that scrap is piled up, can fit is arranged on bottom supporting plate simultaneously, improves scrap uptake, is provided with to connect draws corner 13 in the bottom of scrap absorption guiding tube.Meanwhile, consider that the scrap by drawing can be collected transfer in time, the top that scrap draws guiding tube is provided with input directing assembly 14.Like this, when reality is implemented, scrap can be discharged by throwing in directing assembly 14.During this period, only need to be provided with slug collection box below input directing assembly 14.Further, consider quiet efficient running needs, can adopt respectively independently brushless electric machine to form X-axis drive unit, Y-axis drive unit 10, Z axis drive unit 11.
Further, consider the needs of onsite moving and placement positioning, the utility model is also provided with positioner 15 and gearshift 16 bottom lathe bed 1.Specifically, positioner 15 is cushion block, and this cushion block is provided with adjusting screw(rod).Like this, after laying and putting in place, can be regulated by the height of adjusting screw(rod) and realize floor leveling, ensure that follow-up processing plane is in horizontal plane, improve machining accuracy.Meanwhile, the gearshift 16 adopted includes universal wheel, and this universal wheel is connected with brake.Rely on this, can be guided by universal wheel, lathe bed 1 is transported to the formulation position in workshop.Afterwards, by braking locking, there will not be unnecessary displacement.
Also can be found out by reference to the accompanying drawings by above-mentioned character express, after adopting the utility model, gather around and have the following advantages:
1, X-axis drive unit, Y-axis drive unit, the cooperatively interacting of Z axis drive unit, can realize three-dimensional three axis machining to workpiece, can remove the adjustment of follow-up secondary operations as far as possible from.
2, coordinate lathe table top by screw mandrel, ensure stablizing and accurate displacement between processing period, while improving machining accuracy, reduce mismachining tolerance.
3, have employed chip cleaner, avoid the accumulation of appearance cutting scrap, chip and affect processing.
4, by the existence of positioner, the levelling needs of accurate horizontal plane can be realized, there will not be the horizontal error of machined surface.
5, rely on gearshift, while meeting carrying portability, can also lock in place be carried out, after guarantee is in place, not occur displacement.
6, by the cooperation of many group cutters, can need for some special thin-walled or the processing of thin basic skill or training's part, workpiece be formed reserved limit and forms auxiliary support assemblies, ensure that between processing period, workpiece has suitable intensity, there will not be machining deformation.
The above is only preferred embodiment of the present utility model; be not limited to the utility model; should be understood that; for those skilled in the art; under the prerequisite not departing from the utility model know-why; can also make some improvement and modification, these improve and modification also should be considered as protection domain of the present utility model.

Claims (9)

1. multiaxis is from chip removal type CNC milling machine equipment, include lathe bed, described lathe bed is provided with supporting plate, it is characterized in that: described supporting plate is provided with processing bogey, described processing bogey is distributed with machining area, described lathe bed is provided with locating support, described locating support is provided with main shaft device, described main shaft device is positioned at machining area, described main shaft device is connected with toolbox by steering assembly, the below of described processing bogey or side are provided with scrap discharging region, described scrap discharging region is connected with slug collection discharger, described locating support is connected with Control Component, described Control Component is provided with control panel.
2. multiaxis according to claim 1 is from chip removal type CNC milling machine equipment, it is characterized in that: described processing bogey includes screw mandrel, described screw mandrel is connected with lathe table top, and described lathe table top is provided with Y-axis drive unit.
3. multiaxis according to claim 1 is from chip removal type CNC milling machine equipment, it is characterized in that: described main shaft device comprises the Z axis stroke guide rod of vertical distribution, described Z axis stroke guide rod is connected with Z axis drive unit, described Z axis stroke guide rod is horizontally arranged with X-axis stroke guide rod, described X-axis stroke guide rod is connected with X-axis drive unit.
4. multiaxis according to claim 1 is from chip removal type CNC milling machine equipment, it is characterized in that: described steering assembly is circumferential level steering control device, the below of described circumferential level steering control device is provided with cutter positioning assembly, and described cutter positioning assembly is connected with toolbox.
5. multiaxis according to claim 4 is from chip removal type CNC milling machine equipment, it is characterized in that: described circumferential level steering control device includes and turns to drive motors, also include the driven gear being connected to and turning to the driving gear of drive motors and be meshed with driving gear, described driven gear is connected with cutter positioning assembly.
6. multiaxis according to claim 1 is from chip removal type CNC milling machine equipment, it is characterized in that: described toolbox is one or more in main process tool, laser processing tool bit, plasma process cutter, Multi-axis Machining cutter, V-notch forming tool, grooving cutter.
7. multiaxis according to claim 1 is from chip removal type CNC milling machine equipment, it is characterized in that: described slug collection discharger is chip cleaner, described chip cleaner is provided with scrap and draws guiding tube, the bottom of described scrap absorption guiding tube is provided with to connect draws corner, and the top that described scrap draws guiding tube is provided with input directing assembly.
8. multiaxis according to claim 1 is from chip removal type CNC milling machine equipment, it is characterized in that: bottom described lathe bed, be provided with positioner and gearshift, described positioner is cushion block, described cushion block is provided with adjusting screw(rod), institute's displacement apparatus includes universal wheel, and described universal wheel is connected with brake.
9. multiaxis according to claim 1 is from chip removal type CNC milling machine equipment, it is characterized in that: described control panel is touch-screen, or is key board.
CN201520697271.7U 2015-09-09 2015-09-09 Multiaxis is from chip removal formula numerically controlled fraise machine equipment Expired - Fee Related CN205096847U (en)

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CN201520697271.7U CN205096847U (en) 2015-09-09 2015-09-09 Multiaxis is from chip removal formula numerically controlled fraise machine equipment

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520697271.7U CN205096847U (en) 2015-09-09 2015-09-09 Multiaxis is from chip removal formula numerically controlled fraise machine equipment

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108326623A (en) * 2018-03-30 2018-07-27 科德数控股份有限公司 A kind of combination chip removal structure of horizontal compound Five-axis NC Machining Center
CN111805008A (en) * 2020-06-19 2020-10-23 湖南中大创远数控装备有限公司 Numerical control spiral bevel gear milling machine

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108326623A (en) * 2018-03-30 2018-07-27 科德数控股份有限公司 A kind of combination chip removal structure of horizontal compound Five-axis NC Machining Center
CN111805008A (en) * 2020-06-19 2020-10-23 湖南中大创远数控装备有限公司 Numerical control spiral bevel gear milling machine

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GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
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Granted publication date: 20160323

Termination date: 20180909