CN205086910U - Railway shunting -free marshalling station system - Google Patents

Railway shunting -free marshalling station system Download PDF

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CN205086910U
CN205086910U CN201520712666.XU CN201520712666U CN205086910U CN 205086910 U CN205086910 U CN 205086910U CN 201520712666 U CN201520712666 U CN 201520712666U CN 205086910 U CN205086910 U CN 205086910U
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road
line
shunting
deceleration
marshalling
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潘贡章
潘振华
陈慧
周榕
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潘贡章
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Abstract

The utility model relates to a railway shunting -free marshalling station system, this system configuration have counter -slope way, stopway and positive ramp, wherein, and just, anti - lane sets up in the stopway both sides, the counter -slope say rise gradually to with the same height of stopway, positive ramp reduce gradually to ground from the stopway height, the counter -slope say and to slow down including from bottom to top first speed reduction way, second that say and the third slows down and says that each slows down and says and connect in order, wherein, first speed reduction say and to say for the straight line of slope slows down, the second slow down to say and to say for the horizontally straight line, the third slow down to say and to slow down for the curve. The utility model discloses a railway does not have the marshalling of shunting, and that utilizes the ramp gradually delays the structure, with kinetic energy and potential energy interconversion, can reduce a large amount of shunting loco and partly traction.

Description

A kind of railway is without marshalling station's system of shunting
Technical field
The utility model relates to railway engineering field, particularly relates to a kind of railway without marshalling station's system of shunting.
Background technology
The world today has completed marshaling yard full-automatic mechanical running, but situation also been proposed new requirement to marshalling station---energy-saving and emission-reduction; Chinese Railway develops, and the percentum of transporting cargo total amount reduces year by year.
The development of World Developed Countries marshalling station is divided into flat shunting, simple and easy non mechanized hump is shunt, mechanized hump is shunt, full-automatic humping four-stage.
Marshalling station of the prior art underuses the structure in ramp, realizes the conversion of potential variation, fails to reduce energy consumption to greatest extent.
In view of above-mentioned defect, the utility model creator obtains this creation finally through long research and practice.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of railway without marshalling station's system of shunting, in order to overcome above-mentioned technological deficiency.
For achieving the above object, the utility model provides a kind of railway without marshalling station's system of shunting, and it utilizes ramp as power control push-up speed and ramp traction, saves the switching locomotive operation of marshalling station;
This Operation system setting has counter-slope road, stopway and positive ramp, and wherein, positive and negative track is arranged on stopway both sides;
Described counter-slope road is increased to and described stopway sustained height gradually, and described positive ramp is reduced to ground gradually from stopway height;
Described counter-slope road comprises the first deceleration road, the second deceleration road and the 3rd deceleration road from bottom to top, and each deceleration road connects in turn; Wherein, the first described deceleration road is the straight line deceleration road tilted, and the second described deceleration road is the linear road of level, and the 3rd described deceleration road is curve deceleration road;
Described positive ramp comprises the first acceleration road, second arranged from top to bottom and accelerates road and the 3rd acceleration road, and each road that accelerates connects in turn; Wherein, the first described acceleration road is curve road, and the second described acceleration road is linear road; Described the 3rd accelerates the linear accelerating road that road is inclination.
Further, the angle of first described its horizontal surface of deceleration road is 15 °.
Further, the 3rd described deceleration road is convex camber line deceleration road.
Further, the first described acceleration road is to recessed arc road.
Further, the 3rd described angle accelerating road and horizontal surface is 15 °.
Further, stopway is provided with main classification yard, storage siding 15 station track is set on the top of main classification yard, litz wire nine station track is set on top, between main classification yard and positive ramp, be provided with guideway vehicle move commons line, be provided with goods yard and public line in the upper end of main classification yard;
Wherein, common line is by storage siding station track, the line in the middle of the short-range crossover turnout of left and right sides storage siding many connects; Commons line by ramp, branch-cut bridge, track switch, stopping device, walk line and form.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are compared with prior art: railway of the present utility model is without marshalling station's system of shunting, utilize the gradually slow structure in ramp, kinetic energy and potential energy are changed mutually, ramp power resource is dropped into railway transportation, a large amount of shunting locomotives and a part of hauling engine can be reduced, ramp transportation investment is few, and operation cost is low, fast simple and convenient.
The annual fuel-economizing of primary Calculation world railway transportation more than 5,000,000,000 liters, reduces discharging 1,500 ten thousand tons of carbon dioxide, the above waste gas such as 9000 tons of hydro-carbons; Change unilateralization operation by time study into by complicated operation, change original old division of labor method of shunting, improve Shunting Service Efficiency, ensure that the safety of shunting service.
Therefore first railway will undergo technological transformation, and carries out without shunting locomotive marshalling station, carries out the construction without interval, locomotive draught line road; Make full use of physical features ramp, inexhaustible resource is as power, and alternative energy reduces the consumption of the energy.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the general illustration of the new marshalling station of railway of the present utility model;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation in positive and negative ramp of the present utility model.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, to above-mentioned being described in more detail with other technical characteristic and advantage of the utility model.
Refer to shown in Fig. 1, it is the general illustration of the new marshalling station of railway of the present utility model; The principle of railway of the present utility model new marshalling station foundation is: utilize ramp as power control push-up speed and ramp traction, by the train ramp of highly gradient, train dynamics potential energy and gravitational potential transformation of energy, save the switching locomotive operation of marshalling station.
The utility model is provided with counter-slope road 22, stopway 21 and positive ramp 23, and wherein, positive and negative track is arranged on stopway both sides, and vehicle enters stopway from counter-slope road, sails out of stopway, accelerate from positive ramp.
Stopway 21 is provided with main classification yard 15, storage siding 15 station track 10 is set on the top of main classification yard 15, litz wire nine station track 11 is set on top, between main classification yard 15 and positive ramp, be provided with guideway vehicle move commons line 12.Goods yard 3 and public line 14 is provided with in the upper end of main classification yard 15.
Centre portion between described main classification yard 15 and counter-slope road 21 is provided with main control station 8, main hump 9 and signal tower 13, station office block 16, is also provided with car depot 7.
Counter-slope road is provided with Receiving yaxd ten station track 4 and locomotive depot 6; Positive ramp 23 is provided with parking lot four-way 2, departure yard stereotyped writing road 1, fast freight direct train is also set in its lower end and stops field 5.
Refer to shown in Fig. 2, in the utility model embodiment, described counter-slope road 21 is increased to and described stopway 22 sustained height gradually, and described positive ramp 23 reduces highly gradually from stopway 22; When rising from counter-slope road, kinetic transformation is become gravitional force by train, until stopway stops; When declining from positive ramp, transform gravitational energy is kinetic energy, starts starting; In above-mentioned two docking process and starting-up process, the potential energy in ramp is utilized to save railroad fuel.
In the present embodiment, described counter-slope road 21 comprises the first deceleration road 25, deceleration road 24, second from bottom to top and the 3rd deceleration road 26, and each deceleration road connects in turn; Wherein, the first described deceleration road 24 is the straight line deceleration road tilted, and the angle of itself and horizontal surface is 15 °, the second described deceleration road is the linear road of level, the 3rd described deceleration road is curve deceleration road, and, be convex camber line deceleration road in the present embodiment.Train, from height to low speed, slows down to greatest extent.
Described positive ramp 23 comprises the first acceleration road 27, second arranged from top to bottom and accelerates road 28 and the 3rd acceleration road 29, and each road that accelerates connects in turn; Wherein, described first to accelerate road 27 be curve road, in the present embodiment, for recessed arc road; The second described acceleration road is linear road; Described 3rd to accelerate road be the linear accelerating road tilted, and the angle of itself and horizontal surface is 15 °.Train, from low speed road height, under the effect in above-mentioned positive ramp, utilizes potential energy to accelerate to greatest extent.
Novel goods yard overall plan proposes the ramp that all platforms should be designed to laterally be not more than 10%, except various types of special vehicle, outside special train, all changes casing transport into.Casing transport is different from Container Transport, and the casing of casing transport can be used as the transit depot of the owner of cargo, installs goods and puts at platform edge, also can cheapness rent the owner of cargo and transports for a long time for a long time.Railway transport vehicle only needs 5 minutes with to handling at any time, gets final product rolling to departure yard.
The design of novel goods yard, the supporting goods yard that novel marshalling station can be made to handle more than 5 ten thousand to 10 ten thousand abilities day adapt.The entrucking unloading capacity in large-scale goods yard is handle more than 12000 day.Medium-sized goods yard loading-unloading vehicle ability is more than 6000.Small-sized goods yard handling capacity is more than 1200.The design in novel goods yard is several times to tens times of traditional former goods yard handling capacity.
The design overall scheme in novel goods yard is the component part of novel marshalling station, in order to examine railway truck at the length of the halt in goods yard.Goods yard ramp shunting service, uses commons line, and the vehicle after complete to quick despatch is continual to walking line or the safe rolling of departure yard.
Novel goods yard general design proposes each 5 minutes of the handling of every batch job or each car.After having loaded and unloaded, rolling is immediately to departure yard.This does not have commons line equipment than most of goods yard, does not have super large list, the quick despatch ability of mass freight, independent make up capacity, and the mode of operation of ant removal of home waits for shunting locomotive every batch job time of 5 hours once, shortens 30 times.
Under the speed conditions of lorry 100 km per hour, calculated with 24 hours, arrive at a station in the goods yard within 1500 kilometers, the same day just can mention goods.Freight train, the turnover of vehicle fleet improves about 50% on original basis, and add the marshalling of the over long train of marshalling station and the quick marshalling of ordinary train, it accelerates the handling speed of vehicle more.
Antifriction-bearing box (steamboat) and Simple brake system are arranged at casing transport bottom.Freight container is that lifting is unloaded, and the casing of casing transport is the ramp rolling handling relying on goods yard to be not more than 10%, and large group vehicle can complete whole handling in 10 minutes, and this lifting is unloaded and cannot be completed.Therefore box car and a part of open-top car will be changed for only having two ends, do not have the goods vehicle of the then steel framework of wall and door.When such transformation design is to load and unload, casing is outwards rolled into platform in vehicle by scroll wheel, or platform upper box rolls in vehicle, or while when entrucking, casing is got in vehicle, the casing that will unload in vehicle has been pressed against on platform, not only installs car but also unloaded car.The design in goods yard simultaneously also the casing will be convenient on platform roll on automobile, and the casing will be convenient on automobile rolls on platform.
The right simultaneously building one or many is high, and the low platform in the left side is not more than the ramp of 10%, and the casing be convenient on automobile rolls handling.Platform can be designed to casing and roll in warehouse or factory, and the rolling speed of casing must not exceed and be greater than 3 kilometers per hour.
Details has loading and reinforcing problem, vehicle and casing alignment issues; The installation question of casing antifriction-bearing box steamboat Simple brake system; How casing is rolled on platform problem in railway truck and platform casing rolls into railway truck inner question.Do the number of times and various expense that can reduce loading and unloading operation like this, as canopy cloth, rope, pallet, machinery etc., the time that the wait loading and unloading operation shortening rolling stock needs, and shortening automobile loads and unloads the time used.
The transport of new casing saving 90% producer or owner of cargo's goods are transported on railway goods platform with in-track platform on refill in carriage with the goods repeatedly loading and unloading charge loaded onto in short-distance transport that automobile needs.
Without shunting locomotive three grades three, three grades of six marshalling stations, level Four rolling and the multistage rolling of private siding.
Level Four rolling refers to by Receiving yaxd rolling to hump or rolling to goods yard, is one-level; Be secondary by hump rolling to marshalling yard litz wire; By marshalling yard litz wire through walking between line and departure yard to be three grades; In traveling alignment departure yard station track, rolling is level Four.
Receiving yaxd uses commons line directly to goods yard and other private sidings, walks the line rolling of arriving again in departure yard station track and is referred to as the multistage several rolling of more than level Four.Multistage several rolling can be described as Pyatyi, six grades, seven grades, eight grades rollings.
Level Four rolling has five spotlights:
One, peak, traction is pushed away without locomotive, flat shunting operation.
Two, when departure yard has ceases to be busy, Receiving yaxd can through hump, marshalling yard, walks line and goes directly in departure yard station track, does not stop in midway.
Three, before departure yard train departure train-examiner's red card after removing not etc. ceases to be busy train follow-up rolling can enter in station track to close with outbound train hook 5 kilometers of speed and contact the train pushing and set out.The same time after this station track train goes out to distribute, second train of this station track is finished.
Four, the wait time that marshalling yard locomotive interferes with each other and the whole task program eliminating the ceases to be busys such as shunting locomotive traction time used is eliminated.
Five, level Four rolling marshalling station can use commons line to organize into groups the over long train of 100 to less than 200 at any time.Or use litz wire to organize into groups the over long train of 100 to less than 200.
Use multistage several lead track route in there being commons line, and circuit reaching 10 km, therefore can organize into groups and disintegrating the overlength of 200 to less than 500, super over long train.
Modernization marshalling station does not also organize into groups the function with disintegration over long train and super over long train fast, this is all the impact being subject to traditional design mode, Receiving yaxd, marshalling yard, marshalling yard, departure yard, can not organize into groups over long train and super over long train because place is restricted with operational method multimachine car jamming pattern.
And Novel design scheme to be united in three fields be a field, comprise private siding and goods yard, therefore this field both can connect over long train, also can send out over long train.Can organize into groups through hump and each bar each section place commons line the super over long train that disintegrates simultaneously.
Common line is by storage siding station track, the line in the middle of the short-range crossover turnout of left and right sides storage siding many connects.Commons line by ramp, branch-cut bridge, track switch, stopping device, walk line and form, the effect of shunt or the effect of independent marshalling can be played.
There are 13 kinds of purposes.
One, the marshalling station of three grades three or three grades six, uses commons line any vehicle of adjacent line bicycle parking interlude or front and back can be transferred to the train head being about to finish and hangs up, finish train, then rolling is dispatched a car to departure yard.
Two, the afterbody that adjacent line bicycle parking interlude or fore-aft vehicle can be transferred to the train being about to finish by commons line hangs up, and finish train, then rolling is dispatched a car to departure yard.
Three, commons line any vehicle of adjacent line bicycle parking interlude or front and back can be transferred to the train that is about to finish in the middle of any position hang up, then rolling is dispatched a car to departure yard.
Four, commons line is not when depositing the operation of line shunt, also as grouped columns fare, can finish the direct rolling of train and dispatch a car to departure yard.
Five, commons line can the marshalling of complete independently each train by two adjacent line bicycle parking or when carrying out three grades of rollings.
Six, commons line can in conjunction with the marshalling walking line complete independently train between marshalling yard and departure yard, or carries out and vehicle three grades of rollings of all storage sidings complete train marshalling list.
Seven, commons line independently can carry out marshaling by direction to station order.
Eight, Receiving yaxd commons line and private siding, commons line, goods yard commons toe-in close line and also can complete independent marshalling.
Nine, commons line do not established by departure yard, and only establish a storage siding to miscode for interim one's own job machine solution car and marshalling, summit puies forward the unexpected storage of cars such as wrong hook.Available one's own job machine top one hooks storage siding or commons line, or adjusts machine idle top one to hook to commons line or storage siding by private siding.
Ten, in marshalling station, any one link is out of order, and accident (as hump breakdown of equipment etc.) can utilize the commons line in many places to complete train marshalling list (Receiving yaxd commons line, private siding commons line, goods yard commons line timely.)
11, the middle segment between marshalling station and marshalling station is little, in, large goods yard, station all can design and adopt commons line, while cancellation shunting locomotive, also have independently make up capacity.Make a part of vehicle without the stop of marshalling station, accelerate the arrival of goods and the turnover of vehicle.
12, without the marshalling station of shunting locomotive, commons line can be utilized, walk line, departure yard station track line, organize into groups 200 over long trains.Adopt many one's own job machines to push running under power, ensure the quick arrival of goods, shorten the time of occupied section, increase considerably interval transport capacity.
13, the marshalling station without shunting locomotive can adopt, Receiving yaxd commons line, private siding commons line, goods yard commons line, and tap into the over long train of hundreds of, segmentation is disintegrated simultaneously, organizes into groups simultaneously, and don't affects the normal operation of hump and Receiving yaxd.Over long train length has several kilometer, and traditional modernization design does not connect over long train and sends out this function of over long train, and have this function without the marshalling station of shunting locomotive.The track-span of Receiving yaxd is limited, the longest also only more than km to two kms, or within km, but new design plan Receiving yaxd has commons line, through goods yard commons line, and private siding commons line simultaneously.Finally by the station track walking line and arrive each departure yard.Therefore when connecing over long train, vehicle can enter the storage siding of goods yard private siding or walk line, and locomotive taken by commons line, and by shunting, group personnel carry out segmentation, and a point number disintegrates.Dispatch a car to departure track through walking line rolling after marshalling.
A marshalling hundreds of over long train is organized into groups without hump.Because the total length that line walked by marshalling yard and departure yard and marshalling yard and departure yard is restricted.A hundreds of car is not put, so must by Receiving yaxd to goods yard rolling, then to private siding rolling, then rolling be to departure yard station track.The vehicle of such hundreds of be pendulum under.10 locomotives just can draw 500 trains.Once arriving goods is exactly more than 30,000 tons.The transport capacity that the disintegration of over long train and marshalling will significantly increase railway.
Super large list, the ability of the transport marshalling disintegration of mass freight.Marshalling station often plows the maximum disintegration marshalling of train and is designed to 500, more than 30,000 tons.To be day more than 50,000 (three grades three) with more than 100,000 (three grades six) organize into groups for independence large medium marshalling station design make up capacity disintegrates to have been come by each commons line that (Receiving yaxd, departure yard import and export establish compenzine to be no less than 2.5 kilometers.Over long train can disintegrate without hump marshalling or compile and separate a part.Therefore the train marshalling list disintegration of ordinary train and less than 200 is not affected.Over long train is divided into 150 to be called one-level, and 200 become secondary, and 250 are called three grades, and 300 are called level Four, and 350 are called Pyatyi, and 400 are called six grades, and 450 are called seven grades, and 500 are called super.Often liter of one-level increases a locomotive and pushes traction.
Three grades three, novel marshalling station be designed to Receiving yaxd be laterally three or four ramps, station track to hump and private siding rolling, such design expands the carrying capacity of hump throat vehicle, and whole field is longitudinally the uninterrupted operation of level Four rolling flowing water.
Three grades six transverse direction two Receiving yaxd are that each three or four ramps, station track are to hump and private siding rolling.Whole field is longitudinally level Four rolling.The uninterrupted operation of flowing water.No matter be three grades three, or three grades six have the function of organizing into groups disintegration over long train.
Novel marshalling without the Design Mode at shunter station than traditional three grades three or three grades six have the two of shunting locomotive to push away or the two rolling of single humping, and shunting service marshaling complete after be drawn to departure yard with multiple stage shunting locomotive again and dispatch a car such pipelining, and do not organize into groups the function of disintegration over long train, organize into groups the pattern about disintegration 1 ten thousand to 3 ten thousand car every day.The make up capacity of novel marshalling station design has turned over 4 times to more than 5 times.The ability of 4 times to more than 5 times is turned in the transport that this provides for improved whole railway section.
Marshalling station's design and construction is preferentially leading, and only have marshalling station environmental protection, energy-conservation, safe, fast handling, fast freight, Duola, cost is minimum, most effective.
Ramp transport is with the various equipment in ground, and regulation and control speed and parking, both can organize into groups by shunting service through commons line, and also can transfer entire train.Ramp power resource is dropped into railway transportation, and can reduce a large amount of shunting locomotives and a part of hauling engine, ramp transportation investment is few, and operation cost is low, fast simple and convenient.
The foregoing is only preferred embodiment of the present utility model, is only illustrative for utility model, and nonrestrictive.Those skilled in the art is understood, and requires to carry out many changes to it in the spirit and scope that limit, amendment in utility model right, even equivalent, but all will fall in protection domain of the present utility model.

Claims (6)

1. railway is without marshalling station's system of shunting, and it is characterized in that, this Operation system setting has counter-slope road, stopway and positive ramp, and wherein, positive and negative track is arranged on stopway both sides;
Described counter-slope road is increased to and described stopway sustained height gradually, and described positive ramp is reduced to ground gradually from stopway height;
Described counter-slope road comprises the first deceleration road, the second deceleration road and the 3rd deceleration road from bottom to top, and each deceleration road connects in turn; Wherein, the first described deceleration road is the straight line deceleration road tilted, and the second described deceleration road is the linear road of level, and the 3rd described deceleration road is curve deceleration road;
Described positive ramp comprises the first acceleration road, second arranged from top to bottom and accelerates road and the 3rd acceleration road, and each road that accelerates connects in turn; Wherein, the first described acceleration road is curve road, and the second described acceleration road is linear road; Described the 3rd accelerates the linear accelerating road that road is inclination.
2. railway according to claim 1 is without marshalling station's system of shunting, and it is characterized in that, the angle of first described its horizontal surface of deceleration road is 15 °.
3. railway according to claim 1 is without marshalling station's system of shunting, and it is characterized in that, the 3rd described deceleration road is convex camber line deceleration road.
4. railway according to claim 1 is without marshalling station's system of shunting, and it is characterized in that, the first described acceleration road is to recessed arc road.
5. railway according to claim 1 is without marshalling station's system of shunting, and it is characterized in that, the described the 3rd angle accelerating road and horizontal surface is 15 °.
6. railway according to claim 1 is without marshalling station's system of shunting, it is characterized in that, stopway is provided with main classification yard, storage siding 15 station track is set on the top of main classification yard, litz wire nine station track is set on top, between main classification yard and positive ramp, be provided with guideway vehicle move commons line, be provided with goods yard and public line in the upper end of main classification yard;
Wherein, common line is by storage siding station track, the line in the middle of the short-range crossover turnout of left and right sides storage siding many connects; Commons line by ramp, branch-cut bridge, track switch, stopping device, walk line and form.
CN201520712666.XU 2015-09-16 2015-09-16 Railway shunting -free marshalling station system Active CN205086910U (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110104035A (en) * 2019-04-30 2019-08-09 卡斯柯信号有限公司 Safe and efficient bicycle parking processing method in a kind of shunting monitoring system

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110104035A (en) * 2019-04-30 2019-08-09 卡斯柯信号有限公司 Safe and efficient bicycle parking processing method in a kind of shunting monitoring system
CN110104035B (en) * 2019-04-30 2022-07-15 卡斯柯信号有限公司 Safe and efficient parking processing method in shunting monitoring system

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