CN205079263U - Unpowered multi -functional biological particle stove of keeping warm - Google Patents

Unpowered multi -functional biological particle stove of keeping warm Download PDF

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Publication number
CN205079263U
CN205079263U CN201520879479.0U CN201520879479U CN205079263U CN 205079263 U CN205079263 U CN 205079263U CN 201520879479 U CN201520879479 U CN 201520879479U CN 205079263 U CN205079263 U CN 205079263U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
combustion chamber
heater
fire grate
water jacket
furnace
Prior art date
Application number
CN201520879479.0U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张强
李景斌
董志庆
闫文强
孔维锋
Original Assignee
山东众泰石油工程有限责任公司
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Priority to CN201520879479.0U priority Critical patent/CN205079263U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN205079263U publication Critical patent/CN205079263U/en

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Abstract

The utility model discloses an unpowered multi -functional biological particle stove of keeping warm, the induction cooker comprises a cooker bod, the top of furnace body is equipped with the fire door, one side of furnace body is equipped with the workbin, the bottom is equipped with the grate of being connected with the workbin discharge gate in the furnace body, the grate downward sloping sets up, be equipped with the combustion chamber that is located the grate top in the furnace body, be equipped with the water jacket of being connected through pipeline and outside radiator in the combustion chamber, one side of furnace body is equipped with the air inlet, it is equipped with the smoke protection board to be located the rotation of air inlet department in the furnace body. The utility model discloses rational in infrastructure, the fuel conbustion ratio is high, heating efficiency is high, convenient to use, safe and pollution -free, energy -concerving and environment -protective.

Description

Unpowered multifunctional biologic grain warming stove
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of Domestic heating stove, is specifically related to a kind of Unpowered multifunctional biologic grain warming stove.
Background technology
At present, in the place of the unrealized large area central heating such as cell portion, the combination area of city and country, vast rural area in city, need to use Domestic heating stove to heat.Conventional domestic heating stove has two large defects: one is charging and ventilation employing mouth, when chance bad weather boiler tube returns gas, discards and will enter indoor along charging aperture, pollute living environment and have certain danger; Two is that fire grate adopts level design, and need manually to fill out to send fuel, well can not control fuel input and input speed, input too much can cause burning insufficient, inputted and fire midway can be caused at least to extinguish.No matter there is which kind of situation above, all can cause the consequences such as energy waste is serious, water firing rate is comparatively slow, heating clamber is seriously polluted, therefore, be necessary to improve prior art.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this utility model is exactly the defect existed for prior art, provides a kind of rational in infrastructure, fuel firing rate is high, the efficiency of heating surface is high, the Unpowered multifunctional biologic grain warming stove of pollution-free, energy-conserving and environment-protective easy to use, safe.
Its technical scheme is: Unpowered multifunctional biologic grain warming stove, comprise body of heater, the top of described body of heater is provided with fire door, the side of described body of heater is provided with hopper, described body of heater inner bottom part is provided with the fire grate be connected with hopper discharging opening, the downward-sloping setting of described fire grate, the combustion chamber be positioned at above fire grate is provided with in described body of heater, the water jacket be connected with outside radiator by pipeline is provided with in described combustion chamber, the side of described body of heater is provided with air inlet, is positioned at the rotation of air inlet place and is provided with Smoke prevention plate in described body of heater.
Combustion chamber is divided into left combustion chamber, Z-shaped combustion chamber and right combustion chamber by described water jacket, and described left combustion chamber and right combustion chamber are by Z-shaped combustion chamber, and the top of described right combustion chamber is connected with throat.
Described water jacket is arranged on inboard wall of furnace body, and described combustion chamber is by water jacket around forming, and the cylindrical structure in described combustion chamber, is provided with many heating tubes in described combustion chamber, described heating tube is communicated with water jacket by pipeline.
The discharge outlet of described hopper is provided with the connecting plate be connected with fire grate, and described connecting plate and fire grate active tilt are arranged.
The two ends of described fire grate are provided with the crimping for stopping fuel.
The utility model is rational in infrastructure, and by the fire grate that tilts without the need to power, and fuel firing rate is high, the efficiency of heating surface is high, easy to use, by Smoke prevention plate safety non-pollution, energy-conserving and environment-protective.Compared with prior art, mainly have the following advantages:
1, power is not needed
Heating stove does not all need power large or small, does not need air blast, conveyer belt, power supply etc.Biologic grain warming stove adopts module assembled, and water sleeve heating tube is arranged in flue, and compact conformation is adjustable, and volume is little.
2, dump grate
Adopt adjustable fire grate to be connected with material feeding box bell mouth, only rely on particle self gravitation, once feed in raw material, can long-time Thorough combustion.Burner hearth carries out anticorrosion and condensate water-proof process.Fire grate is provided with cloth stake when being longitudinally greater than 150mm, and particulate material is evenly distributed on fire grate.
3, Smoke prevention plate
Air inlet port size can regulate and be provided with Smoke prevention plate, and when chance bad weather boiler tube returns gas, air inlet is closed automatically, and waste gas can not enter indoor, can not produce the pernicious gases such as carbon monoxide.
4, energy-conserving and environment-protective
Do not need frequent reinforced, than the coal stove of equal heating area, save fuel more than 30%, burning does not almost have flue dust, environment for use clean hygiene, and according to purposes and usable floor area size, stove and accessory is divided into various different size model.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Here further illustrates the utility model in conjunction with the accompanying drawings and embodiments.
Fig. 1 is the structure sectional view of the utility model embodiment one;
Fig. 2 is the structure sectional view of the utility model embodiment two;
In figure: 1. body of heater; 2. fire door; 3. hopper; 4. fire grate; 5. combustion chamber; 51. left combustion chambers; 52.Z shape combustion chamber; 53. right combustion chambers; 6. water jacket; 7. air inlet; 8. Smoke prevention plate; 9. throat; 10. connecting plate; 11. crimpings; 12. upper outlets.
Detailed description of the invention
See figures.1.and.2, Unpowered multifunctional biologic grain warming stove, comprise body of heater 1, the top of body of heater 1 is provided with fire door 2, and the side of body of heater 1 is provided with hopper 3, and body of heater 1 inner bottom part is provided with the fire grate 4 be connected with hopper 3 discharging opening, the downward-sloping setting of fire grate 4, by the fire grate 4 tilted, fuel (biologic grain) can be made to rely on self gravitation uniformly dispersing on fire grate 4, reach Thorough combustion.Be provided with the crimping 11 of tilting on the both sides of fire grate 4, fuel be fixed in the scope of fire grate 4, prevent fuel to be scattered.
Be provided with the combustion chamber 5 be positioned at above fire grate 4 in body of heater 1, be provided with the water jacket 6 be connected with outside radiator by pipeline in combustion chamber 5, the side of body of heater 1 is provided with air inlet 7, is positioned at the rotation of air inlet 7 place and is provided with Smoke prevention plate 8 in body of heater 1.Ensureing in fuel combustion process, there is sufficient oxygen by air inlet 7, the Thorough combustion of fuel and the needs of actual temperature can be ensured without the need to adding extra power more simultaneously.When meeting with bad weather chimney and returning cigarette, the air-flow returned oppositely can promote Smoke prevention plate 8, is closed by air inlet 7, and the waste gas that burning produces just can not enter indoor pollution, protects the safety of environment and people.
Embodiment one:
With reference to Fig. 1, combustion chamber 5 is divided into left combustion chamber 51, Z-shaped combustion chamber 52 and right combustion chamber 53 by water jacket 6, and described left combustion chamber 51 is communicated with by Z-shaped combustion chamber 52 with right combustion chamber 53, and the top of described right combustion chamber 53 connects throat 9.
Namely the two ends connecting circular tube of Z-type combustion chamber 52 forms left combustion chamber 51 and right combustion chamber 53, water jacket 6 is utilized combustion chamber to be divided into three parts, these three parts communicate to be formed and are similar to the structure of pipeline, in fuel combustion process on fire grate 4, the heat that this structure makes it produce moves to throat 9 direction through right combustion chamber 53 through Z-type combustion chamber 52, and heat just can be distributed in whole cooking stove uniformly, simultaneously, this special construction also increases heating surface (area) (HS to greatest extent, improves heat transfer rate.
Embodiment two:
Water jacket 6 is arranged on body of heater 1 inwall, and combustion chamber 5 is by water jacket 6 around forming, and the cylindrical structure in combustion chamber 5, is provided with many heating tubes 7 in combustion chamber 5, and heating tube 7 is communicated with water jacket 6 by pipeline.Owing to being arranged in combustion chamber 5 by many heating tubes 7, and the water in heating tube 7 is communicated with water jacket 6, can increase heating surface (area) (HS like this, improves heat transfer rate.
Be provided with the connecting plate 10 be connected with fire grate 4 in the discharge outlet of hopper 3, described connecting plate 10 is arranged with fire grate 4 active tilt.The angle of inclination of such fire grate 4 can set according to actual needs, when needing temperature height, the angle of inclination of fire grate 4 can be tuned up, when temperature is low, be turned down at the angle of inclination of fire grate 4.
During use, connect radiator on request, water jacket 6 topped up with water, transfers a small amount of combustibles at fire grate 4, after lighting after the chimney smoke at throat 9 place, in hopper 3, first add a small amount of fuel (flush in leakage material mouth and be advisable), after ignited fuel, hopper 3 is filled it up with, and fuel relies on self gravitation, uniform stroke to fire grate 4, namely combustion zone, the flare that burning produces can be distributed in whole combustion chamber 5, by the appearance material space regulating flame size of regulating stove grate 4 under the effect of air-flow.Water in water jacket 6 is heated simultaneously, and hot water flows out from upper outlet 12, through radiator, flows into, realize circulation heating from lower outlet.When cooking, the instrument of cooking is put in fire door 2, be positioned over by pyrosphere on the water jacket 6 below fire door 2, flare just can more focus on fire door 2, ensures enough heats and cooks.The flue dust that burning produces is discharged to outdoor by throat 9 through chimney.If when occurring that bad weather boiler tube returns cigarette, the stream pressure returned promotes Smoke prevention plate 8 and is closed by air inlet 7, and the waste gas returned just can not enter indoor, ensure that environment for use environmental protection and personal security.
The utility model is not limited to above-mentioned embodiment, and in the ken that those skilled in the art possess, can also make a variety of changes under the prerequisite not departing from the utility model aim, the content after change still belongs to protection domain of the present utility model.

Claims (5)

1. Unpowered multifunctional biologic grain warming stove, comprise body of heater, the top of described body of heater is provided with fire door, it is characterized in that: the side of described body of heater is provided with hopper, described body of heater inner bottom part is provided with the fire grate be connected with hopper discharging opening, the downward-sloping setting of described fire grate, the combustion chamber be positioned at above fire grate is provided with in described body of heater, the water jacket be connected with outside radiator by pipeline is provided with in described combustion chamber, the side of described body of heater is provided with air inlet, is positioned at the rotation of air inlet place and is provided with Smoke prevention plate in described body of heater.
2. Unpowered multifunctional biologic grain warming stove according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: combustion chamber is divided into left combustion chamber, Z-shaped combustion chamber and right combustion chamber by described water jacket, described left combustion chamber and right combustion chamber are by Z-shaped combustion chamber, and the top of described right combustion chamber is connected with throat.
3. Unpowered multifunctional biologic grain warming stove according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described water jacket is arranged on inboard wall of furnace body, described combustion chamber by water jacket around forming, the cylindrical structure in described combustion chamber, be provided with many heating tubes in described combustion chamber, described heating tube is communicated with water jacket by pipeline.
4. the Unpowered multifunctional biologic grain warming stove according to Claims 2 or 3, is characterized in that: the discharge outlet of described hopper is provided with the connecting plate be connected with fire grate, and described connecting plate and fire grate active tilt are arranged.
5. Unpowered multifunctional biologic grain warming stove according to claim 4, is characterized in that: the two ends of described fire grate are provided with the crimping for stopping fuel.
CN201520879479.0U 2015-11-06 2015-11-06 Unpowered multi -functional biological particle stove of keeping warm CN205079263U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520879479.0U CN205079263U (en) 2015-11-06 2015-11-06 Unpowered multi -functional biological particle stove of keeping warm

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520879479.0U CN205079263U (en) 2015-11-06 2015-11-06 Unpowered multi -functional biological particle stove of keeping warm

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN205079263U true CN205079263U (en) 2016-03-09

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201520879479.0U CN205079263U (en) 2015-11-06 2015-11-06 Unpowered multi -functional biological particle stove of keeping warm

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105864827A (en) * 2016-04-22 2016-08-17 石家庄市春燕采暖设备有限公司 Self-flowing environment-friendly granular fuel furnace
CN106402941A (en) * 2016-11-10 2017-02-15 山东众泰石油工程有限责任公司 Heat exchanger type bio-particle heating furnace

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105864827A (en) * 2016-04-22 2016-08-17 石家庄市春燕采暖设备有限公司 Self-flowing environment-friendly granular fuel furnace
CN105864827B (en) * 2016-04-22 2017-10-13 石家庄市春燕采暖设备有限公司 Gravity flow granular fuel Pollutioless stove and range
CN106402941A (en) * 2016-11-10 2017-02-15 山东众泰石油工程有限责任公司 Heat exchanger type bio-particle heating furnace

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