CN205046589U - Waterproof structure of basement - Google Patents

Waterproof structure of basement Download PDF

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Publication number
CN205046589U
CN205046589U CN201520699406.3U CN201520699406U CN205046589U CN 205046589 U CN205046589 U CN 205046589U CN 201520699406 U CN201520699406 U CN 201520699406U CN 205046589 U CN205046589 U CN 205046589U
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China
Prior art keywords
waterproof
basement
side wall
waterproofing
polymer
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CN201520699406.3U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
薛兴勇
宋敦清
崔学民
罗兆学
龚荣华
刘志
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Guangdong Qinglong Construction Engineering Co., Ltd.
Original Assignee
GUANGXI QINGLONG CHEMICAL BUILDING MATERIAL CO Ltd
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Priority to CN201520699406.3U priority Critical patent/CN205046589U/en
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a waterproof structure of basement plants roof, side wall and the three aspect of bottom plate from the basement and protects comprehensively, wherein: plant the roof include by the lining to outer structure from waterproof concrete roof, the waterproof thick liquids of polymer, waterproofing membrane, hold drain bar, non -woven fabrics, planting soil and vegetable layer, the side wall include by the lining to outer structure from waterproof concrete side wall, the waterproof thick liquids of polymer, waterproofing membrane, hold drain bar and back filling, the bottom plate includes by outward to the structure of lining from waterproof concrete bottom plate, waterproofing membrane, pea gravel concreten bed course and back filling. In view of the above, corresponding construction method has still been establish. The utility model discloses a waterproof structure of basement has realized " full outsourcing " skin formula of whole basement waterproofly, the reliable and simple that constructs in addition, and low, good, the sexual valence relative altitude of waterproof performance of comprehensive cost can satisfy the construction market basement waterproof demand ideal to comprehensive properties, and suitable wide application is waterproof in basement and other secret buildings.

Description

Basement waterproofing constructs
Technical field
The utility model belongs to buildings waterproof field, particularly relates to a kind of basement waterproofing structure.
Background technology
Along with the development of builing industry and the quickening of urbanization process, kind and the quantity of basement continue to increase, more and more higher to basement waterproof requirement, basement waterproofing work is done well and will be badly influenced the normal use of basement, and expense of reprocessing is also very expensive.The traditional method of current basement waterproofing is laying water-proof coiled material or brushing water-repellent paint on concrete base layer, although the kind of various waterproofing materials and quality are being updated and are being improved, but due to concrete expand with heat and contract with cold produce crackle, the dealing with improperly and the different impact of ground water pressure height of waterproofing materials lap-joint, the mode that single rigid self-waterproof and flexible water combine is difficult to reach waterproof requirement in the occasion that waterproof requirement is higher, not only being difficult to final acceptance of construction, also bringing difficulty to reprocessing.Therefore, basement waterproofing will accomplish should there be the principle that anti-row combines, suits measures to local conditions rational water proof structure level, also will gets hold of construction quality, make basement waterproofing reach design life according to basement actual conditions.
Utility model content
The technical problems to be solved in the utility model is to provide a kind of comprehensive cost is low, water resistance good, cost performance is high basement waterproofing structure, to meet the demand of construction market to the desirable basement waterproofing of combination property.
For solving the problems of the technologies described above, the utility model is by the following technical solutions: basement waterproofing constructs, comprise plantation top board, side wall and base plate, plantation top board comprises impermeable structure concrete roof, polymer waterproofing slurry, waterproof roll, drainage plate, non-woven fabrics, planting soil and vegetable layer from inside to outside; Side wall comprises impermeable structure concrete side wall, polymer waterproofing slurry, waterproof roll, drainage plate and backfill from inside to outside; Base plate comprises impermeable structure concrete floor, waterproof roll, pea gravel concreten bed course and backfill from outside to inside.
Waterproof roll is TPO waterproof roll or PCM reaction bonded type macromolecular compounded waterproof material.
Siphon drainage hole reserved by plantation top board, and polymer waterproofing slurry is macromolecule modified flexible polymer cement-based mortar, and drainage plate is Hips Plastics plate, and non-woven fabrics is polypropylene non-woven fabric.
For the drawback that current part basement water proof structure level is reasonable not and classification of waterproof is lower, inventor designs a kind of basement waterproofing structure, full protection is carried out, wherein: plantation top board comprises impermeable structure concrete roof, polymer waterproofing slurry, waterproof roll, drainage plate, non-woven fabrics, planting soil and vegetable layer from inside to outside from basement plantation top board, side wall and base plate three aspects; Side wall comprises impermeable structure concrete side wall, polymer waterproofing slurry, waterproof roll, drainage plate and backfill from inside to outside; Base plate comprises impermeable structure concrete floor, waterproof roll, pea gravel concreten bed course and backfill from outside to inside.Accordingly, inventor also establishes corresponding construction method.Compared with prior art, the utility model has following outstanding advantage:
1) impermeable structure concrete roof is taked ball blast or is constructed with floating mode with watering, and ensure that foundation base intension, makes waterproofing course be placed on robust construction; As the polymer waterproofing slurry of waterproof roll cementing agent, there is good elasticity, low-shrinkage, and bond firmly with substrate concrete, do not come off, do not ftracture, self also there is excellent water resistance simultaneously, energy enclosed construction microcrack; Have employed drainage plate and siphon drainage in basement plantation roof construction, amount of water can be retained and meet vegetation demand, by siphonage, excessive moisture be drained again, ensure that vegetation root system is not degenerated.
2), in basement side wall structure, drainage plate plays soft protective effect in waterproofing course, and drainage plate salient point surface, forms drainage and permeable effect outwardly after sticking non-woven fabrics, meet the waterproof principle of " arranging anti-combination "; And the soft protection of drainage plate belongs to permanent water-resistant topping, relative to polyphenyl plate, cost is reasonable, more environmental protection and energy saving, is conducive to reducing dew in basement simultaneously.
3) in basement bottom board structure, waterproof coiled material construction adopts pre-installed and inverted adhered method, and waterproofing course and waterproof slab concrete hydrating thermal response form skin-type waterproofing course, thoroughly solve channeling water risk of leakage; Traditional method (waterproofing course is bonded on bed course) effectively can be avoided to collapse because of under backfill simultaneously, cause bed course to sink to ftractureing thus drawing crack and destruction waterproofing course, form " front waterproof " truly.
In a word, basement waterproofing of the present utility model structure is planted top board, side wall and base plate by basement and is jointly formed " full outsourcing " skin-type waterproof to whole basement, and it is simple to construct, comprehensive cost is low, water resistance good, cost performance is high, the demand of construction market to the desirable basement waterproofing of combination property can be met, be applicable to the waterproof being widely used in basement and other underground buildings.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the layer of structure figure planting top board in the utility model basement waterproofing structure, in figure: 1 waterproof concrete top board, and 2 polymer waterproofing slurries, 3 waterproof rolls, 4 drainage plates, 5 non-woven fabrics, 6 planting soils, 7 vegetable layers.
Fig. 2 is the layer of structure figure of side wall in the utility model basement waterproofing structure, in figure: 1 impermeable structure concrete side wall, and 2 polymer waterproofing slurries, 3 waterproof rolls, 4 drainage plates, 5 non-woven fabrics, 6 backfill.
Fig. 3 is the layer of structure figure of base plate in the utility model basement waterproofing structure, in figure: 1 impermeable structure concrete floor, and 2 waterproof rolls, 3 pea gravel concreten bed courses, 4 backfill.
Detailed description of the invention
As shown in Figures 1 to 3, basement waterproofing structure of the present utility model, comprises plantation top board, side wall and base plate.Wherein,
Plantation top board comprises impermeable structure concrete roof, polymer waterproofing slurry, waterproof roll, drainage plate, non-woven fabrics, planting soil and vegetable layer from inside to outside; Its construction is undertaken by following operation:
1) first take ball blast or to have constructed impermeable structure concrete roof with floating mode with watering, and reserved siphon drainage hole;
2) to construct after impermeable structure concrete roof is solid 2.0mm thick polymer waterproofing slurry (macromolecule modified flexible polymer cement-based mortar, lower same), self-waterproof concrete top board reserved siphon drainage hole can not be blocked during construction polymer waterproofing slurry;
3) on polymer waterproofing slurry, lay 1.5mmTPO waterproof roll or 2.0mmPCM reaction bonded type macromolecular compounded waterproof material, the reserved siphon drainage hole of self-waterproof concrete top board during construction coiled material, can not be blocked;
4) on waterproof roll, lay drainage plate, convex surface down;
5) on drainage plate (Hips Plastics plate), non-woven fabrics (polypropylene non-woven fabric) is laid;
6) on non-woven fabrics, planting soil is filled in;
7) on planting soil, suitable vegetation is planted according to actual needs.
Side wall comprises impermeable structure concrete side wall, polymer waterproofing slurry, waterproof roll, drainage plate and backfill from inside to outside; Its construction is undertaken by following operation:
1) first to have constructed impermeable structure concrete side wall;
2) to construct after impermeable structure concrete side wall is solid 2.0mm thick polymer waterproofing slurry;
3) on polymer waterproofing slurry, lay 1.5mmTPO waterproof roll or 2.0mmPCM reaction bonded type macromolecular compounded waterproof material;
4) on waterproof roll, lay drainage plate, convex surface outwardly;
5) on drainage plate, non-woven fabrics is laid;
6) to construct on non-woven fabrics backfill.
Base plate comprises impermeable structure concrete floor, waterproof roll, pea gravel concreten bed course and backfill from outside to inside; Its construction is undertaken by following operation:
1) first tamp bottom basement by backfill;
2) take ball blast or to have constructed pea gravel concreten bed course with floating mode with watering;
3), after treating that pea gravel concreten bed course is solid, the mode of pre-installed and inverted adhered is taked to have constructed waterproof roll;
4) constructing structure self-waterproof concrete base plate on coiled material.
The utility model is applied in the basement waterproofing of Guangxi production plant area of Green Dragon chemical building material Co., Ltd, construction area is 100 square meter altogether, through the observation of a year by a definite date, waterproof effect is good, especially at thunderstorm rain seasonal changes waterproof effect in summer, basement is all the year round without ponding, and top board is without leaking, side wall and base plate, without infiltration, reach desired design waterproof effect.

Claims (3)

1. a basement waterproofing structure, comprise plantation top board, side wall and base plate, it is characterized in that: described plantation top board comprises impermeable structure concrete roof, polymer waterproofing slurry, waterproof roll, drainage plate, non-woven fabrics, planting soil and vegetable layer from inside to outside; Described side wall comprises impermeable structure concrete side wall, polymer waterproofing slurry, waterproof roll, drainage plate and backfill from inside to outside; Described base plate comprises impermeable structure concrete floor, waterproof roll, pea gravel concreten bed course and backfill from outside to inside.
2. basement waterproofing structure according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described waterproof roll is TPO waterproof roll or PCM reaction bonded type macromolecular compounded waterproof material.
3. basement waterproofing structure according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: siphon drainage hole reserved by described plantation top board, polymer waterproofing slurry is macromolecule modified flexible polymer cement-based mortar, and drainage plate is Hips Plastics plate, and non-woven fabrics is polypropylene non-woven fabric.
CN201520699406.3U 2015-09-10 2015-09-10 Waterproof structure of basement Active CN205046589U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520699406.3U CN205046589U (en) 2015-09-10 2015-09-10 Waterproof structure of basement

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520699406.3U CN205046589U (en) 2015-09-10 2015-09-10 Waterproof structure of basement

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN205046589U true CN205046589U (en) 2016-02-24

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105201025A (en) * 2015-09-10 2015-12-30 广西青龙化学建材有限公司 Basement waterproof structure and construction method thereof
CN106522385A (en) * 2016-11-25 2017-03-22 北京崇建工程有限公司 Basement waterproof structure construction method and basement waterproof structure

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105201025A (en) * 2015-09-10 2015-12-30 广西青龙化学建材有限公司 Basement waterproof structure and construction method thereof
CN105201025B (en) * 2015-09-10 2017-08-22 广西青龙化学建材有限公司 Basement waterproofing construction and its construction method
CN106522385A (en) * 2016-11-25 2017-03-22 北京崇建工程有限公司 Basement waterproof structure construction method and basement waterproof structure

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Date Code Title Description
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
TR01 Transfer of patent right

Effective date of registration: 20170509

Address after: 528400, 22 Dongming Road, Shiqi District, Guangdong, Zhongshan, 302

Patentee after: Guangdong Qinglong Construction Engineering Co., Ltd.

Address before: 532704 the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region Nanning Longan overseas Chinese Management Zone Fu South Road

Patentee before: Guangxi Qinglong Chemical Building Material Co., Ltd.

TR01 Transfer of patent right