CN205042233U - Centrifugal solid -liquid separation equipment - Google Patents

Centrifugal solid -liquid separation equipment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN205042233U
CN205042233U CN201520778616.1U CN201520778616U CN205042233U CN 205042233 U CN205042233 U CN 205042233U CN 201520778616 U CN201520778616 U CN 201520778616U CN 205042233 U CN205042233 U CN 205042233U
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Prior art keywords
pan
casing
solid
hollow
separating liquid
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CN201520778616.1U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
林岗
董俊超
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NINGBO AMICO COPPER VALVES MANUFACTURING Co Ltd
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NINGBO AMICO COPPER VALVES MANUFACTURING Co Ltd
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a centrifugal solid -liquid separation equipment, the utility model relates to a separation solid -liquid apparatus, its structure is by the box, the pan, constitutions such as motor and notes liquid fill, design the pan that the rotation was installed in the box for big -end -up's awl section of thick bamboo structure, and set up the feed liquor pipe at the pan top, the liquid fill is annotated to the entrance point intercommunication of this feed liquor pipe, the adjacent pan top inner wall of exit end sets up, still fretwork support and scraper are add to the bin outlet bottom the pan simultaneously, stretch into in the pan and strike off pan bottom inner wall and describe with better separation solid -liquid and filter out the thing through the scraper, the centrifugal separator of this kind can not shut down continuous operation and filter, can filter small piece even, simultaneously, have still that the energy consumption is low, filter liquor impurity less and recycle the number of times many, filter out thing humidity low can direct recycle etc. The advantage.

Description

Centrifugal equipment for separating liquid from solid
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of separator for Separation of Solid and Liquid, specifically refers to centrifugal equipment for separating liquid from solid.
Background technology
At present, chip and the cuttings liquid centralized processing system of domestic automatic production line mostly are design abroad, on line, corollary equipment is also nearly all external import, and cost is high, and the effect of Separation of Solid and Liquid is not ideal enough, some equipment can not full filter chip in small, broken bits, can filter that the equipment filtration time of chip in small, broken bits is long, energy consumption is high, much filtrate moisture is large, need leave standstill for a long time could recycling, and return period is longer, and easily blocking causes waste liquid to overflow, and pollute mill floor.So a lot of designers start to research and develop centrifugal solid-liquid separating equipment, to addressing these problems.Consult the patent of domestic existing centrifugal filter device; mainly undertaken filtering by the rotation centrifugal force of pan; although to some extent solve the familiar lacunas of above-mentioned filter; but also there is a weakness the most fatal in them; be exactly cannot continuous operation; namely when the in-built full marks of pan from after solid phase chip time; just must shut down and whole pan is removed cleaning; the assembling and dissembling process of this pan is extremely loaded down with trivial details; therefore be difficult to the production requirement adapting to automatic production line, all cannot obtain large-scale popularization and application so far.
Summary of the invention
Technical problem to be solved in the utility model be to overcome prior art defect and provide a kind of energy consumption low, the filtration that operates continuously can not be shut down, small chip can be filtered, filter liquor impurity few and recycle often, the low and centrifugal equipment for separating liquid from solid that can directly recycle of much filtrate humidity.
Technical problem of the present utility model is achieved through the following technical solutions:
A kind of centrifugal equipment for separating liquid from solid, comprise casing, motor, to be arranged on the pan in casing by motor-driven rotation and to be arranged on the fluid injection bucket at casing top, this bottom half forms closed collecting tank, and described pan is up big and down small cone barrel structure; Be provided with feed tube in described pan top, the entrance point of this feed tube is connected with described fluid injection bucket through pan top, and the port of export of this feed tube is disposed adjacent with described pan top inner wall; Be provided with the discharge gate running through tank floor bottom described pan, be provided with hollow out support and be arranged on the scraper on hollow out support in discharge gate, this scraper stretches in pan and scraper outer end and is disposed adjacent with described pan bottom interior wall.
The working clearance of reserved 5 ~ 8mm between described scraper outer end and pan bottom interior wall.
Described pan inwall is equipped with the different filter screen of pore size filter or filter membrane.
Described hollow out support is the cross be fixedly mounted in discharge gate, and this cross has hollow hole; Described scraper is fixedly mounted on the crossing center of cross.
Described tank floor is provided with the inner fovea part that upwards arches upward do taper and disjunctor and is arranged on inner fovea part and supporting part in cylindrical tube shape, this inner fovea part and supporting part are the hollow structure of up/down perforation, described pan bottom is rotatably installed in supporting part, and described hollow out Bracket setting is in supporting part.
Described casing is made up of the upper box of positioning fastening one and lower box, is provided with connection buckle, is provided with many legs bottom lower box, form collecting tank between described inner fovea part and lower box inwall between upper and lower casing.
Described lower box bottom outside is provided with the circulation line of connected set liquid bath.
Described feed tube is 90 degree of bending tubes, installs coarse filtration filter screen in this feed tube additional.
Described pan top has the shaft upwards extended, rotate between this shaft and described casing top and install, the belt pulley that casing top is provided with baffle ring and is in transmission connection is stretched out on shaft top, described motor is arranged on casing lateral surface, this motor shaft is provided with motor wheel, is provided with and is connected belt between motor wheel with belt pulley.
Described casing top is provided with hollow out upper frame, and this hollow out upper frame is provided with the feet that the described fluid injection bucket of multiple confession is installed.
Compared with prior art, the pan be rotatably installed in casing is mainly designed to up big and down small cone barrel structure by the utility model, and at pan top, feed tube is set, the entrance point of this feed tube is communicated with fluid injection bucket, the adjacent pan top inner wall of the port of export is arranged, discharge gate simultaneously also bottom pan sets up hollow out support and scraper, to be stretched in pan by scraper and strike off pan bottom interior wall to be better separated solid-liquid shape much filtrate, this centrifugal separator can not shut down the filtration that operates continuously, even can filter small chip; Meanwhile, also have that energy consumption is low, filter liquor impurity is few and recycle often, much filtrate humidity is low and the advantage such as directly can to recycle.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the sectional structure schematic diagram of one of them line of vision of the utility model.
Fig. 2 is the sectional structure schematic diagram of another line of vision of the utility model.
Fig. 3 is the partial sectional view of Fig. 1.
Fig. 4 is the stereogram of Fig. 1.
Fig. 5 is the bottom view of Fig. 4.
Detailed description of the invention
To elaborate again to the utility model embodiment by above-mentioned accompanying drawing below.
As shown in Fig. 1 ~ Fig. 5,1. leg, 2. hollow out support, 21. crosses, 22. hollow holes, 3. casing, 31. upper boxes, 32. lower boxes, 321. collecting tanks, 4. pan, 41. shafts, 5. feed tube, 6. hollow out upper frame, 61. feets, 7. taper roll bearing, 8. fluid injection bucket, 9. belt pulley, 10. baffle ring, 11. connect belt, 12. motor wheels, 13. motors, 14. scrapers, 15. discharge gates, 16. supporting parts, 17. inner fovea parts, 18. circulation lines, 19. connection buckles.
Centrifugal equipment for separating liquid from solid, as shown in Fig. 1 ~ Fig. 4, it a kind ofly can not be shut down continuously running and carry out the centrifugal separation equipment that solid-liquid shape much filtrate is separated, and its structure is mainly made up of casing 3, pan 4, motor 13 and fluid injection bucket 8 etc.
Described casing 3 is assembled by casting upper box 31 made of iron and lower box 32, this upper box 31 is up/down perforation structure, lower box 32 for top open wide, the structure of bottom lock, positioned by positioning guiding structure between upper and lower casing and fasten one, then be connected and fixed by the connection buckle 19 between upper and lower casing and form the hollow box body of cylindrical shape.
Described upper box 31 top is provided with hollow out upper frame 6, this hollow out upper frame is provided with the feet 61 of four circumference uniform distributions, and between four feets, be embedded with the fluid injection bucket 8 of cylindrical tube shape, this fluid injection bucket is that top is opened wide, the structure of bottom lock, solid-liquid shape much filtrate can be facilitated to load fast, and can also make to form Stilt layer between fluid injection bucket 8 and casing 3 top by four feets 61.
Described lower box 32 bottom periphery is provided with the leg 1 of four circumference uniform distributions, for the weight of the whole separator of convenient supporting; Be provided with the inner fovea part 17 upwards arched upward do taper and disjunctor in the middle part of described lower box 32 to be arranged on inner fovea part and supporting part 16 in cylindrical tube shape, this inner fovea part 17 and supporting part 16 are the hollow structure of up/down perforation, and form the collecting tank 321 of a ring-type between inner fovea part 17 and lower box 32 inwall, for collecting for the liquid phase much filtrate after centrifugation, as cutting fluid, and lower box 32 bottom outside is also provided with the circulation line 18 of connected set liquid bath 321, again recycle to facilitate the cutting fluid in collecting tank 321.
Described pan 4 is rotatably installed in casing 3, concrete mounting structure is: pan 4 top seal, the shaft 41 that a disjunctor upwards extends in top center, be provided with taper roll bearing 7 between this shaft and upper box 31 top to install to rotate, shaft 41 top is stretched out casing 3 top and is provided with and makes with taper key the belt pulley 9 that is in transmission connection, in the Stilt layer of this belt pulley just in time between fluid injection bucket 8 and casing 3 top, after belt pulley 9 has assembled, taper key can be made under gravity tightly to block shaft 41, thus ensure that the synchronous axial system of belt pulley 9 and shaft 41, meanwhile, baffle ring 10 is set between belt pulley 9 and taper roll bearing 7 to carry out interval.
Feed tube 5 is provided with in described pan 4 top, this feed tube is 90 degree of bending tubes, its entrance point is connected with fluid injection bucket 8 through the shaft 41 of pan 4, to accept the solid-liquid shape much filtrate in fluid injection bucket 8, the port of export is disposed adjacent with pan 4 top inner wall, falls on pan 4 inwall to make solid-liquid shape much filtrate.Meanwhile, easily produce noodles shape when some soft metals cut and cut, enter in pan 4 and easily cause the rotation of pan stuck, therefore also need install coarse filtration filter screen additional filter, to ensure pan 4 slow-roll stabilization as the early stage of solid-liquid shape much filtrate in feed tube 5.
Also be provided with taper roll bearing 7 bottom described pan 4 and between supporting part 16 to install to rotate, therefore one group of taper roll bearing 7 can be passed through to ensure centering in the upper and lower part of pan 4, and the taper roll bearing 7 of bottom is for ensureing the location of pan 4 in the vertical direction.
Discharge gate 15 is also provided with bottom described pan 4, this discharge gate directly runs through casing 3 bottom surface by the inner fovea part 17 of hollow structure and supporting part 16, the solid phase much filtrate in pan 4 is mainly used in directly to be discharged by discharge gate 15 downwards, hollow out support 2 is provided with in discharge gate 15, specifically by hollow out Bracket setting in supporting part 16, its structure is be made up of four hollow holes 22 on the cross 21 be fixedly mounted in discharge gate 15 and cross as shown in Figure 5, wherein be provided with hard-wired scraper 14 at the crossing center of cross 21, this scraper stretches in pan 4 and scraper outer end and is disposed adjacent with pan bottom interior wall, need the working clearance of reserved 5 ~ 8mm between the two, this working clearance will fill up solid phase much filtrate, and play cushioning effect, scraper 14 is equivalent to striking off newly-increased much filtrate top layer always, as long as control the pore size filter of pan 4 well, just can effectively avoid the stuck of scraper, and hollow hole 22 can prevent discharge gate 15 shutoff, and the solid phase much filtrate in pan 4 being discharged fast, below discharge gate 15, generally all placing collecting vessel for receiving solid phase much filtrate.
Described motor 13 is fixedly mounted on upper box 31 lateral surface by screw, the motor shaft of this motor 13 is provided with motor wheel 12, be provided with between motor wheel with belt pulley 9 and be connected belt 11, therefore motor 13 input power can drive the pan 4 supported by one group of taper roll bearing 7 to rotate in casing 3.
Described pan 4 profile is designed to 30 degree of up big and down small cone barrel structures, the conical outer surface design of this pan 4 can allow much filtrate longer at pan superficial residence time, improve filter effect and suitably reduce motor 13 rotating speed thus, when flowing into pan to prevent the filtrate of much filtrate, directly being fallen into discharge gate 15 by the splashes of the pan of High Rotation Speed 4 dozens.
The course of work of this centrifugal separator is: motor 13 drive pulley 9 drives pan 4 to rotate, treat that solid-liquid shape much filtrate flow to pan 4 inwall of inclination through feed tube 5 from fluid injection bucket 8, under gravitational and centrifugal forces, the solid phase of much filtrate is separated with liquid phase, liquid phase is thrown out of casing 3 inwall and gets back to circulation line 18 after converging to collecting tank 321 and reuses, solid phase is scraped by scraper 14 after then staying and continuing to rotate a circle with pan in pan 4, then is expelled in collecting vessel by the discharge gate 15 below pan 4 and collects and can directly recycle.
This separator is mainly for the chip in small, broken bits of the most difficult cleaning of conventional equipment and the not good industrial wastewater of complicated component permeability, when carrying out Separation of Solid and Liquid for industrial wastewater, only need lay the different filter screen of pore size filter or the filter membrane also suitable working clearance adjusting scraper 14 outer end and pan bottom interior wall at pan 4 inwall, therefore can efficiently process various industrial wastewater, thus without the need to leaving standstill, without the need to pretreatment, whole apparatus structure is simple, use is reliable.
The utility model is compared traditional filter plant and is possessed higher filter efficiency, and filter more abundant for fine and closely woven chip, also there is much filtrate humidity less, solid phase much filtrate is short for return period, filter liquor is pure and not easily block the advantage such as circulation line, and only needs a motor to drive, and whole process does not have the impulse stroke of special loss of energy, transmission mechanism is very simple, and the comparable common filter plant of energy consumption reduces 30%-50%.

Claims (10)

1. a centrifugal equipment for separating liquid from solid, comprise casing (3), motor (13), to be arranged on the pan (4) in casing (3) by motor-driven rotation and to be arranged on the fluid injection bucket (8) at casing (3) top, the collecting tank (321) closed is formed on this casing (3) bottom, it is characterized in that described pan (4) is for up big and down small cone barrel structure; Be provided with feed tube (5) in described pan (4) top, the entrance point of this feed tube is connected with described fluid injection bucket (8) through pan (4) top, and the port of export of this feed tube (5) is disposed adjacent with described pan (4) top inner wall; Described pan (4) bottom is provided with the discharge gate (15) running through casing (3) bottom surface, in discharge gate, be provided with hollow out support (2) and be arranged on the scraper (14) on hollow out support, this scraper stretches in pan (4) and scraper (14) outer end and is disposed adjacent with described pan (4) bottom interior wall.
2. centrifugal equipment for separating liquid from solid according to claim 1, is characterized in that the working clearance of reserved 5 ~ 8mm between described scraper (14) outer end and pan (4) bottom interior wall.
3. centrifugal equipment for separating liquid from solid according to claim 1, is characterized in that described pan (4) inwall is equipped with the different filter screen of pore size filter or filter membrane.
4. centrifugal equipment for separating liquid from solid according to claim 1, is characterized in that described hollow out support (2) is for being fixedly mounted on the cross (21) in discharge gate (15), this cross has hollow hole (22); Described scraper (14) is fixedly mounted on the crossing center of cross (21).
5. centrifugal equipment for separating liquid from solid according to claim 1, it is characterized in that described casing (3) bottom surface is provided with the inner fovea part (17) that upwards arches upward do taper and disjunctor and is arranged on inner fovea part and supporting part (16) in cylindrical tube shape, this inner fovea part (17) and supporting part (16) are the hollow structure of up/down perforation, described pan (4) bottom is rotatably installed in supporting part (16), and described hollow out support (2) is arranged in supporting part (16).
6. centrifugal equipment for separating liquid from solid according to claim 5, it is characterized in that described casing (3) is made up of the upper box (31) of positioning fastening one and lower box (32), be provided with between upper and lower casing and connect buckle (19), lower box (32) bottom is provided with many legs (1), forms collecting tank (321) between described inner fovea part (17) and lower box (32) inwall.
7. centrifugal equipment for separating liquid from solid according to claim 6, is characterized in that described lower box (32) bottom outside is provided with the circulation line (18) of connected set liquid bath (321).
8. centrifugal equipment for separating liquid from solid according to claim 1, it is characterized in that described feed tube (5) is 90 degree of bending tubes, this feed tube installs coarse filtration filter screen additional in (5).
9. centrifugal equipment for separating liquid from solid according to claim 1, it is characterized in that described pan (4) top has the shaft (41) upwards extended, rotate between this shaft and described casing (3) top and install, the belt pulley (9) that casing (3) top is provided with baffle ring (10) and is in transmission connection is stretched out on shaft (41) top, described motor (13) is arranged on casing (3) lateral surface, this motor shaft is provided with motor wheel (12), is provided with and is connected belt (11) between motor wheel with belt pulley (9).
10. centrifugal equipment for separating liquid from solid according to claim 1, is characterized in that described casing (3) top is provided with hollow out upper frame (6), and this hollow out upper frame is provided with the feet (61) that the described fluid injection bucket (8) of multiple confession is installed.
CN201520778616.1U 2015-10-10 2015-10-10 Centrifugal solid -liquid separation equipment Active CN205042233U (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105964050A (en) * 2016-05-25 2016-09-28 安徽砥钻砂轮有限公司 Filtering device for raw material grinding fluid of resin grinding wheel
CN105999817A (en) * 2016-07-27 2016-10-12 宁夏共享机床辅机有限公司 Centrifugal wedge-shaped net self-cleaning filtering device for grinding machine
CN106110738A (en) * 2016-07-12 2016-11-16 王圳 A kind of atomization liquid dung seperator
CN108014536A (en) * 2018-01-03 2018-05-11 苏州智吉兴敏电子科技有限公司 A kind of Chemical Manufacture vertical filter unit and filter method
CN108187393A (en) * 2018-01-19 2018-06-22 储昭义 A kind of centrifugal feed liquid separator

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105964050A (en) * 2016-05-25 2016-09-28 安徽砥钻砂轮有限公司 Filtering device for raw material grinding fluid of resin grinding wheel
CN105964050B (en) * 2016-05-25 2018-08-14 盐城市锐金磨料磨具有限公司 A kind of filter device for resin wheel raw material lapping liquid
CN106110738A (en) * 2016-07-12 2016-11-16 王圳 A kind of atomization liquid dung seperator
CN106110738B (en) * 2016-07-12 2017-12-22 王圳 One kind atomization liquid dung seperator
CN105999817A (en) * 2016-07-27 2016-10-12 宁夏共享机床辅机有限公司 Centrifugal wedge-shaped net self-cleaning filtering device for grinding machine
CN108014536A (en) * 2018-01-03 2018-05-11 苏州智吉兴敏电子科技有限公司 A kind of Chemical Manufacture vertical filter unit and filter method
CN108187393A (en) * 2018-01-19 2018-06-22 储昭义 A kind of centrifugal feed liquid separator

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