CN205036380U - Block of four encircles PBA and secretly digs subway station major structure - Google Patents

Block of four encircles PBA and secretly digs subway station major structure Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN205036380U
CN205036380U CN201520780181.4U CN201520780181U CN205036380U CN 205036380 U CN205036380 U CN 205036380U CN 201520780181 U CN201520780181 U CN 201520780181U CN 205036380 U CN205036380 U CN 205036380U
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
pilot tunnel
arch
longeron
girder
station
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Active
Application number
CN201520780181.4U
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
刘冰
严进喜
刘召臣
王广
唐培明
陈正权
王永丽
严朝锋
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Firts Engineering Co Ltd of China Railway 20th Bureau Group Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Firts Engineering Co Ltd of China Railway 20th Bureau Group Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Firts Engineering Co Ltd of China Railway 20th Bureau Group Co Ltd filed Critical Firts Engineering Co Ltd of China Railway 20th Bureau Group Co Ltd
Priority to CN201520780181.4U priority Critical patent/CN205036380U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN205036380U publication Critical patent/CN205036380U/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Abstract

The utility model discloses a block of four encircles PBA and secretly digs subway station major structure, laying in the inside center pillar of the inside major structure in station from left to right, setting up at the inside major structure middle part in station and be the level to the medium plate laid with lay the main part hunch portion directly over the inside major structure in station including laying before station inside major structure left the left side stake, many causes the right stake, three groups that lay after to on the inside major structure right side in station before the inside major structure in the station that the excavation formed, the many causes after to, every group center pillar all includes before many causes the center pillar of laying after to, main part hunch portion encircles for the block of four and it encircles section, third first hunchs section, second and encircles section and fourth and encircle the section and be formed by connecting to the right side from left. The utility model has the advantages of reasonable design, the construction portably just is under construction, and the degree of difficulty is little, the construction progress is fast, and the firm and excellent in use effect of the fashioned subway station major structure of being under construction adopts block of four arch structure just can once secretly dig the construction shaping, and construction period can effectively be guaranteed.

Description

A kind of tetrad arch PBA tunneling main structure of subway station
Technical field
The utility model belongs to metro station construction technical field, especially relates to a kind of tetrad arch PBA tunneling main structure of subway station.
Background technology
" PBA method " utilizes little pilot tunnel to apply a beam to form main force transferring structure, carries out interior hole excavation under tunneling ledge, conventional adopt " PBA method " construct subway station time, generally all through eight key steps.Underground Subway Station construction PBA method (also claiming cavern-pile method), in the nineties in 20th century of first Application obtain successfully in the construction of western station, Fu-Ba Line of Beijing metro Tian An-men, belongs to newer a kind of construction.Along with developing rapidly of urban track traffic, PBA method was at station, Beijing Metro Xuanwumen, station, Wangfujing, international trade station in the last few years, the young station, street of Shenyang Metro, awaited a subway in station construction and be widely used gradually in station, subway Xinghai Square, Dalian.
Subway station adopts the construction of PBA method for cut and cover method station construction, and it is substantially by the impact of ground level road traffic, underground utilities and construction of structures, and earth clearance, traffic are led to change to change with pipeline and the previous work such as to be moved and drop into less and easily carry out.Along with urban rail transit in China build flourish, the application of PBA method Station is also more and more extensive.Along with a large amount of engineering practice and theoretical research, PBA Station construction technology is constantly perfect, range of application expands further, make subway station in the busy street of city build faced traffic lead change, pipeline changes to move and obtains good solution with difficult problems such as housing demolitions, now more be applied in the urban underground engineering construction of traffic above-ground prosperity, create huge Social and economic benef@.
But the PBA tunneling subway station of current domestic employing is a post two substantially encircles or two post three arch structures, need setting area is larger separately outside main body air channel or device rooms after Station main structure construction completes, which increases the required ground footprint of construction, increase and tear down and reconstruct workload and early investment, bring the uncertain factor on a lot of duration simultaneously.
Utility model content
Technical problem to be solved in the utility model is for above-mentioned deficiency of the prior art, a kind of tetrad is provided to encircle PBA tunneling main structure of subway station, its reasonable in design, overall structure are firm, cost is low and easy construction, result of use are good, adopt tetrad arch structure and can a boring construction shaping, the construction period can effectively be ensured.
For solving the problems of the technologies described above, the technical solution adopted in the utility model is: a kind of tetrad arch PBA tunneling main structure of subway station, it is characterized in that: comprise the station inside subject structure that excavation is formed, the many left side stakes be laid in from front to back on the left of the inside subject structure of described station, the many right stakes be laid in from front to back on the right side of the inside subject structure of described station, three groups of center pillars being laid in described station inside subject inside configuration from left to right, to set up in the middle part of the inside subject structure of described station and in level to plate in laying and the main body arch that is laid in directly over the inside subject structure of described station, center pillar described in three groups is all often organized described center pillar and is included the many described center pillars laid from front to back along the longitudinal length direction of described station inside subject structure between left side stake and the right stake, described in three groups, center pillar is respectively the first center pillar from left to right, second center pillar and the 3rd center pillar, the stake of the described left side, the right stake, the first center pillar, the second center pillar and the 3rd center pillar are all in vertically to laying, described station inside subject structural base is provided with the first bottom girder from left to right, second bottom girder and the 3rd bottom girder, described station inside subject structural top is provided with the first top longeron from left to right, second top longeron and the 3rd top longeron, described first top longeron, second top longeron and the 3rd top longeron lay respectively at the first bottom girder, directly over second bottom girder and the 3rd bottom girder, described first bottom girder, second bottom girder, 3rd bottom girder, first top longeron, second top longeron and the 3rd top longeron are all laid along the longitudinal length direction of described station inside subject structure, many described first center pillars are all supported in the first bottom girder and first and push up between longeron, many described second center pillars are all supported in the second bottom girder and second and push up between longeron, many described 3rd center pillars are all supported in the 3rd bottom girder and the 3rd and push up between longeron, before and after often organizing in described center pillar adjacent two described center pillars middle part between be provided with a longitudinal length direction along described station inside subject structure lay in longeron, described middle plate is erected on the middle part of center pillar described in three groups, described middle plate Left-side support in many described left side stakes and its Right side support in many described the right stakes, described middle plate is supported on described middle longeron,
The base plate of described station inside subject structure and side wall are provided with station agent structure secondary liner structure; The left and right sides arch springing of described main body arch is supported on the Guan Liang and right side Guan Liang of left side respectively, described left side Guan Liang and right side Guan Liang are parallel laying, described left side Guan Liang is supported in stake top, the many described left sides, and right side Guan Liang is supported in stake top, many described the right; Described main body arch is tetrad arch and it is formed by connecting from left to right by the first arch section, the second arch section, the 3rd arch section and the 4th arch section, described first arch section is supported in left side Guan Liang and first and pushes up between longeron, described second arch section is supported in the first top longeron and second and pushes up between longeron, described 3rd arch section is supported in the second top longeron and the 3rd and pushes up between longeron, and described 4th arch section is supported in the 3rd top longeron and right side is preced with between beam; Identical and its button arch secondary liner structure including a first button arch and be laid in a just button arch below of the structure of described first arch section, the second arch section, the 3rd arch section and the 4th arch section, the button of described station agent structure secondary liner structure and described main body arch encircles secondary liner structure and connects to form an Integral secondary liner structure;
Described left side Guan Liang is laid in bottom the outside abutment wall of top first pilot tunnel excavating formation in advance, described right side Guan Liang is laid in bottom the outside abutment wall of top the 5th pilot tunnel excavating formation in advance, described first top longeron, second top longeron and the 3rd top longeron are laid in top second pilot tunnel excavating formation in advance respectively, the inside upper part of top the 3rd pilot tunnel and top the 4th pilot tunnel, described first bottom girder, second bottom girder and the 3rd bottom girder are laid in bottom second pilot tunnel excavating formation in advance respectively, the lower inside of bottom the 3rd pilot tunnel and bottom the 4th pilot tunnel, the bottom of many described left side stakes is all supported on the first horizontal base, the bottom of many described the right stakes is all supported on the 5th horizontal base, described first horizontal base and the 5th horizontal base are all laid along the longitudinal length direction of described station inside subject structure, described first horizontal base is positioned at the inside bottom of bottom first pilot tunnel excavating formation in advance, described 5th horizontal base is positioned at the inside bottom of bottom the 5th pilot tunnel excavating formation in advance.
Above-mentioned a kind of tetrad arch PBA tunneling main structure of subway station, it is characterized in that: described first top longeron, the second top longeron and the 3rd top longeron are laid on the longitudinal centre line of top second pilot tunnel, top the 3rd pilot tunnel and top the 4th pilot tunnel respectively, and described first bottom girder, the second bottom girder and the 3rd bottom girder are laid on the longitudinal centre line of bottom second pilot tunnel, bottom the 3rd pilot tunnel and bottom the 4th pilot tunnel respectively;
Described top first pilot tunnel, top second pilot tunnel, top the 3rd pilot tunnel, top the 4th pilot tunnel and top the 5th pilot tunnel are laid from left to right, described bottom first pilot tunnel, bottom second pilot tunnel, bottom the 3rd pilot tunnel, bottom the 4th pilot tunnel and bottom the 5th pilot tunnel are laid from left to right, and described top first pilot tunnel, top second pilot tunnel, top the 3rd pilot tunnel, top the 4th pilot tunnel and top the 5th pilot tunnel lay respectively at directly over bottom first pilot tunnel, bottom second pilot tunnel, bottom the 3rd pilot tunnel, bottom the 4th pilot tunnel and bottom the 5th pilot tunnel.
Above-mentioned a kind of tetrad arch PBA tunneling main structure of subway station, it is characterized in that: in the pilot tunnel of described top first, the region be positioned at above the first arch section is the first concrete backfill district, the region be positioned in the pilot tunnel of top the 5th above the 4th arch section is the 5th concrete backfill district, the first top longeron is positioned in the pilot tunnel of described top second, first arch section and the second region of encircleing above section are the second concrete backfill district, the second top longeron is positioned in the pilot tunnel of described top the 3rd, second arch section and the 3rd region of encircleing above section are the 3rd concrete backfill district, the 3rd top longeron is positioned in the pilot tunnel of described top the 4th, 3rd arch section and the 4th region of encircleing above section are the 4th concrete backfill district.
Above-mentioned a kind of tetrad arch PBA tunneling main structure of subway station, it is characterized in that: described bottom second pilot tunnel, the inside bottom of bottom the 3rd pilot tunnel and bottom the 4th pilot tunnel is respectively arranged with for the first bottom girder, the second horizontal base that second bottom girder and the 3rd bottom girder are laid, 3rd horizontal base and the 4th horizontal base, described second horizontal base, 3rd horizontal base and the 4th horizontal base are all laid along the longitudinal length direction of described station inside subject structure, described first bottom girder, second bottom girder and the 3rd bottom girder are laid in the second horizontal base respectively, on 3rd horizontal base and the 4th horizontal base.
Above-mentioned a kind of tetrad arch PBA tunneling main structure of subway station, it is characterized in that: described first horizontal base, the second horizontal base, the 3rd horizontal base, the 4th horizontal base and the 5th horizontal base are concrete foundation, described first bottom girder, the second bottom girder, the 3rd bottom girder, the first top longeron, the second top longeron and the 3rd top longeron are reinforced concrete beam.
Above-mentioned a kind of tetrad arch PBA tunneling main structure of subway station, is characterized in that: the stake of the described left side and the right stake are reinforced concrete pile.
Above-mentioned a kind of tetrad arch PBA tunneling main structure of subway station, is characterized in that: the stake of the described left side and the right stake are hand excavated pile.
Above-mentioned a kind of tetrad arch PBA tunneling main structure of subway station, it is characterized in that: described in three groups, center pillar is steel pipe column, described erection of steel pipe column in erection of steel pipe column hole, described steel pipe column comprise in vertically to the steel pipe laid, build the shaft concrete structure in steel pipe and be filled in outside steel pipe top and the bottom and aperture concrete structure between the inwall of described erection of steel pipe column hole.
Above-mentioned a kind of tetrad arch PBA tunneling main structure of subway station, is characterized in that: the arch of described top first pilot tunnel, top second pilot tunnel, top the 3rd pilot tunnel, top the 4th pilot tunnel, top the 5th pilot tunnel, bottom first pilot tunnel, bottom second pilot tunnel, bottom the 3rd pilot tunnel, bottom the 4th pilot tunnel and bottom the 5th pilot tunnel is provided with pre-grouting ruggedized construction.
Above-mentioned a kind of tetrad arch PBA tunneling main structure of subway station, is characterized in that: described first arch section, the second arch section, the 3rd arch section and the 4th arch section are provided with pre-grouting ruggedized construction.
The utility model compared with prior art has the following advantages:
1, reasonable in design, overall structure is firm, cost is low and result of use is good, waterproof quality is excellent.
2, construction area area is little, substantially reduces the difficulty of urban track traffic construction area and earth clearance.
3, the vertical shaft adopting station main body construction existing and laterally construction passage construction air channel and device rooms, without the need to separately establishing vertical shaft, reduce investment.
4, adopt movable simple chassis to carry out Second Lining Construction, substantially increase efficiency.
5, the main body arch adopted is tetrad arch, and center pillar adopts steel pipe column, and left side stake and the right stake adopt hand excavated pile, and efficiency of construction is high and construct simple and easy, and construction quality is easy to ensure, and can form firm post support system with main body arch.
6, result of use is good and practical value is high, conventional three arch stations basis on increase by one across, use as air channel and device rooms, efficiently solve construction ground, city occupation of land difficulty, early investment is large, construction sequence is many, the problems such as the duration is uncontrollable, have carried out novelty improvement to traditional tunneling PBA method.
7, simple, the easy construction of construction sequence and difficulty of construction is little, construction speed fast, input cost is low, and working procedure conversion is few, and the construction period is easy to ensure, and construction quality is high.Meanwhile, support system is simple, and projects amount is less and abandoned project amount is little, and difficulty of construction is less.
8, applied widely, effectively can be applicable to the metro station construction that span is more than 30 meters, and shallow embedding stratum and upper-soft lower-hard ground construction can be applicable to.
In sum, the utility model is reasonable in design, construction is simple, realization is convenient and difficulty of construction is little, construction speed is fast, the main structure of subway station of institute's construction molding is firm and result of use is good, adopt tetrad arch structure and can a boring construction shaping, the construction period can effectively be ensured.
Below by drawings and Examples, the technical solution of the utility model is described in further detail.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present utility model.
Fig. 2 is construction method FB(flow block) of the present utility model.
Fig. 2-1 is Construction State schematic diagram when the utility model carries out pilot drive.
Fig. 2-2 for the utility model carry out horizontal base and bottom girder construction time Construction State schematic diagram.
The Construction State schematic diagram of Fig. 2-3 when to be the utility model carry out borehole to hand excavation's stake and erection of steel pipe column hole is carried out to perforate.
Fig. 2-4 is the Construction State figure of the utility model when constructing to hand excavation's stake and steel pipe column.
Fig. 2-5 carries out Guan Liang, the interior Construction State figure encircleed when section is constructed of top longeron and pilot tunnel for the utility model.
Fig. 2-6 carries out Construction State figure during first button arch construction of the first arch Duan Yu tri-section of arch for the utility model.
Fig. 2-7 carries out Construction State figure during first button arch construction of the second arch Duan Yu tetra-section of arch for the utility model.
Fig. 2-8 carries out the Construction State figure during secondary liner structure construction of the first arch Duan Yu tri-section of arch for the utility model.
Fig. 2-9 carries out the Construction State figure during secondary liner structure construction of the second arch Duan Yu tetra-section of arch for the utility model.
Fig. 2-10 is Construction State figure when the utility model carries out station inside subject structure upper excavation and middle longeron, middle plate and side wall top Second Lining Construction.
Fig. 2-11 is the Construction State figure of the utility model when tentatively excavating the station inside subject structure bottom earthwork.
The Construction State figure of Fig. 2-12 when to be the utility model carry out the follow-up excavation of the middle part soil body to the station inside subject structure bottom earthwork.
The Construction State figure of Fig. 2-13 when to be the utility model carry out the follow-up excavation of soil at both sides to the station inside subject structure bottom earthwork.
Description of reference numerals:
The stake of 1-left side; The stake of 2-the right; 3-middle plate;
4-the first center pillar; 5-the second center pillar; 6-the three center pillar;
7-1-the first bottom girder; 7-2-the second bottom girder; 7-3-the 3rd bottom girder;
8-1-the first pushes up longeron; 8-2-the second pushes up longeron; 8-3-three pushes up longeron;
9-station agent structure secondary liner structure; 10-left side Guan Liang;
11-right side Guan Liang; 12-the first arch section; 13-the second arch section;
14-the three arch section; 15-the four arch section; 16-1-top first pilot tunnel;
16-2-top second pilot tunnel; 16-3-top the 3rd pilot tunnel; 16-4-top the 4th pilot tunnel;
16-5-top the 5th pilot tunnel; 17-1-bottom first pilot tunnel; 17-2-bottom second pilot tunnel;
17-3-bottom the 3rd pilot tunnel; 17-4-bottom the 4th pilot tunnel; 17-5-bottom the 5th pilot tunnel;
A 18-just button arch; 18-1-the first horizontal base; 18-2-the second horizontal base;
18-3-the 3rd horizontal base; 18-4-the 4th horizontal base; 18-5-the 5th horizontal base;
19-button arch secondary liner structure;
20-1-the first concrete backfill district;
20-2-the second concrete backfill district;
20-3-the 3rd concrete backfill district;
20-4-the 4th concrete backfill district;
20-5-the 5th concrete backfill district;
21-1-steel pipe; 21-2-aperture concrete structure;
22-preliminary bracing structure; 23-per-fore pouring liquid with small pipe ruggedized construction.
Detailed description of the invention
As shown in Figure 1, the utility model comprises the station inside subject structure that excavation is formed, the many left side stakes 1 be laid in from front to back on the left of the inside subject structure of described station, the many right stakes 2 be laid in from front to back on the right side of the inside subject structure of described station, three groups of center pillars being laid in described station inside subject inside configuration from left to right, to set up in the middle part of the inside subject structure of described station and in level to plate 3 in laying and the main body arch that is laid in directly over the inside subject structure of described station, center pillar described in three groups is all often organized described center pillar and is included the many described center pillars laid from front to back along the longitudinal length direction of described station inside subject structure between left side stake 1 and the right stake 2, center pillar described in three groups is respectively the first center pillar 4 from left to right, second center pillar 5 and the 3rd center pillar 6.Described left side stake 1, the right stake 2, first center pillar 4, second center pillar 5 and the 3rd center pillar 6 are all in vertically to laying.Described station inside subject structural base is provided with the first bottom girder 7-1 from left to right, second bottom girder 7-2 and the 3rd bottom girder 7-3, described station inside subject structural top is provided with the first top longeron 8-1 from left to right, second top longeron 8-2 and the 3rd top longeron 8-3, described first top longeron 8-1, second top longeron 8-2 and the 3rd top longeron 8-3 lays respectively at the first bottom girder 7-1, directly over second bottom girder 7-2 and the 3rd bottom girder 7-3, described first bottom girder 7-1, second bottom girder 7-2, 3rd bottom girder 7-3, first top longeron 8-1, second top longeron 8-2 and the 3rd top longeron 8-3 all lays along the longitudinal length direction of described station inside subject structure, many described first center pillars 4 are all supported in the first bottom girder 7-1 and first and push up between longeron 8-1, many described second center pillars 5 are all supported in the second bottom girder 7-2 and second and push up between longeron 8-2, many described 3rd center pillars 6 are all supported in the 3rd bottom girder 7-3 and the 3rd and push up between longeron 8-3.Before and after often organizing in described center pillar adjacent two described center pillars middle part between be provided with a longitudinal length direction along described station inside subject structure lay in longeron.Described middle plate 3 is erected on the middle part of center pillar described in three groups, described middle plate 3 Left-side support in many described left side stakes 1 and its Right side support in many described the right stakes 2, described middle plate 3 is supported on described middle longeron;
The base plate of described station inside subject structure and side wall are provided with station agent structure secondary liner structure 9.The left and right sides arch springing of described main body arch is supported on left side hat beam 10 and right side hat beam 11 respectively, and right side hat beam 11 is parallel laying and the two is all laid along the longitudinal length direction of described station inside subject structure for described left side hat beam 10, described left side hat beam 10 is supported in many described left side stake 1 tops, and right side hat beam 11 is supported in many described the right stake 2 tops; Described main body arch is tetrad arch and it is formed by connecting from left to right by the first arch section 12, second arch section 13, the 3rd arch section 14 and the 4th arch section 15, described first arch section 12 is supported in left side hat beam 10 and first and pushes up between longeron 8-1, described second arch section 13 is supported in the first top longeron 8-1 and second and pushes up between longeron 8-2, described 3rd arch section 14 is supported in the second top longeron 8-2 and the 3rd and pushes up between longeron 8-3, and described 4th arch section 15 is supported in the 3rd top longeron 8-3 and right side is preced with between beam 11.Described first arch section 12, second encircle the structure of section 13, the 3rd arch section 14 and the 4th arch section 15 identical and its include a first button arch 18 and be laid in the button arch secondary liner structure 19 below a first button arch 18, described station agent structure secondary liner structure 9 encircles secondary liner structure 19 with the button of described main body arch and connects to form an Integral secondary liner structure.
Described left side hat beam 10 is laid in bottom the outside abutment wall of the top first pilot tunnel 16-1 excavating formation in advance, described right side hat beam 11 is laid in bottom the outside abutment wall of top the 5th pilot tunnel 16-5 excavating formation in advance, described first top longeron 8-1, second top longeron 8-2 and the 3rd top longeron 8-3 is laid in the top second pilot tunnel 16-2 excavating formation in advance respectively, the inside upper part of top the 3rd pilot tunnel 16-3 and top the 4th pilot tunnel 16-4, described first bottom girder 7-1, second bottom girder 7-2 and the 3rd bottom girder 7-3 is laid in the bottom second pilot tunnel 17-2 excavating formation in advance respectively, the lower inside of bottom the 3rd pilot tunnel 17-3 and bottom the 4th pilot tunnel 17-4, the bottom of many described left side stakes 1 is all supported on the first horizontal base 18-1, the bottom of many described the right stakes 2 is all supported on the 5th horizontal base 18-5, described first horizontal base 18-1 and the 5th horizontal base 18-5 all lays along the longitudinal length direction of described station inside subject structure, described first horizontal base 18-1 is positioned at the inside bottom of the bottom first pilot tunnel 17-1 excavating formation in advance, described 5th horizontal base 18-5 is positioned at the inside bottom of bottom the 5th pilot tunnel 17-5 excavating formation in advance.
In the present embodiment, described first top longeron 8-1, the second top longeron 8-2 and the 3rd top longeron 8-3 are laid on the longitudinal centre line of top second pilot tunnel 16-2, top the 3rd pilot tunnel 16-3 and top the 4th pilot tunnel 16-4 respectively, and described first bottom girder 7-1, the second bottom girder 7-2 and the 3rd bottom girder 7-3 are laid on the longitudinal centre line of bottom second pilot tunnel 17-2, bottom the 3rd pilot tunnel 17-3 and bottom the 4th pilot tunnel 17-4 respectively.
Described top first pilot tunnel 16-1, top second pilot tunnel 16-2, top the 3rd pilot tunnel 16-3, top the 4th pilot tunnel 16-4 and top the 5th pilot tunnel 16-5 lays from left to right, described bottom first pilot tunnel 17-1, bottom second pilot tunnel 17-2, bottom the 3rd pilot tunnel 17-3, bottom the 4th pilot tunnel 17-4 and bottom the 5th pilot tunnel 17-5 lays from left to right, described top first pilot tunnel 16-1, top second pilot tunnel 16-2, top the 3rd pilot tunnel 16-3, top the 4th pilot tunnel 16-4 and top the 5th pilot tunnel 16-5 lays respectively at bottom first pilot tunnel 17-1, bottom second pilot tunnel 17-2, bottom the 3rd pilot tunnel 17-3, directly over bottom the 4th pilot tunnel 17-4 and bottom the 5th pilot tunnel 17-5.
Further, described top first pilot tunnel 16-1, top second pilot tunnel 16-2, top the 3rd pilot tunnel 16-3, top the 4th pilot tunnel 16-4, top the 5th pilot tunnel 16-5, bottom first pilot tunnel 17-1, bottom second pilot tunnel 17-2, bottom the 3rd pilot tunnel 17-3, bottom the 4th pilot tunnel 17-4 and bottom the 5th pilot tunnel 17-5 all in level lay and its all lay along the longitudinal length direction of described station inside subject structure.
In the present embodiment, described first top longeron 8-1, the second top longeron 8-2, the 3rd top longeron 8-3, the first bottom girder 7-1, the second bottom girder 7-2 and the 3rd bottom girder 7-3 all lay in level.
In the present embodiment, in described top first pilot tunnel 16-1, the region be positioned at above the first arch section 12 is the first concrete backfill district 20-1, the region be positioned in the pilot tunnel 16-5 of top the 5th above the 4th arch section 15 is the 5th concrete backfill district 20-5, the first top longeron 8-1 is positioned in described top second pilot tunnel 16-2, first arch section 12 and the second region of encircleing above section 13 are the second concrete backfill district 20-2, the second top longeron 8-2 is positioned in the pilot tunnel 16-3 of described top the 3rd, second arch section 13 and the 3rd region of encircleing above section 14 are the 3rd concrete backfill district 20-3, the 3rd top longeron 8-3 is positioned in the pilot tunnel 16-4 of described top the 4th, 3rd arch section 14 and the 4th region of encircleing above section 15 are the 4th concrete backfill district 20-4.
Simultaneously, described bottom second pilot tunnel 17-2, the inside bottom of bottom the 3rd pilot tunnel 17-3 and bottom the 4th pilot tunnel 17-4 is respectively arranged with for the first bottom girder 7-1, the second horizontal base 18-2 that second bottom girder 7-2 and the 3rd bottom girder 7-3 lays, 3rd horizontal base 18-3 and the 4th horizontal base 18-4, described second horizontal base 18-2, 3rd horizontal base 18-3 and the 4th horizontal base 18-4 all lays along the longitudinal length direction of described station inside subject structure, described first bottom girder 7-1, second bottom girder 7-2 and the 3rd bottom girder 7-3 is laid in the second horizontal base 18-2 respectively, on 3rd horizontal base 18-3 and the 4th horizontal base 18-4.
In the present embodiment, described first horizontal base 18-1, the second horizontal base 18-2, the 3rd horizontal base 18-3, the 4th horizontal base 18-4 and the 5th horizontal base 18-5 are concrete foundation, and described first bottom girder 7-1, the second bottom girder 7-2, the 3rd bottom girder 7-3, the first top longeron 8-1, the second top longeron 8-2 and the 3rd top longeron 8-3 are reinforced concrete beam.
Further, described first bottom girder 7-1, the second bottom girder 7-2 and the 3rd bottom girder 7-3 build with the second horizontal base 18-2, the 3rd horizontal base 18-3 and the 4th horizontal base 18-4 respectively and are integrated.
In the present embodiment, described left side stake 1 and the right stake 2 are reinforced concrete pile.
Further, described left side stake 1 and the right stake 2 are hand excavated pile.Thus, the convenient and construction quality of practice of construction is easy to control.
In the present embodiment, described in three groups, center pillar is steel pipe column, described erection of steel pipe column in erection of steel pipe column hole, described steel pipe column comprise in vertically to the steel pipe 21-1 laid, build the shaft concrete structure in steel pipe 21-1 and be filled in outside steel pipe 21-1 top and the bottom and aperture concrete structure 21-2 between the inwall of described erection of steel pipe column hole.
During practice of construction, the height of described aperture concrete structure 21-2 is 0.8m ~ 1.5m.
In the present embodiment, the height of described aperture concrete structure 21-2 is 1m.In practice of construction process, can according to specific needs, the height of aperture concrete structure 21-2 be adjusted accordingly.
In the present embodiment, the arch of described top first pilot tunnel 16-1, top second pilot tunnel 16-2, top the 3rd pilot tunnel 16-3, top the 4th pilot tunnel 16-4, top the 5th pilot tunnel 16-5, bottom first pilot tunnel 17-1, bottom second pilot tunnel 17-2, bottom the 3rd pilot tunnel 17-3, bottom the 4th pilot tunnel 17-4 and bottom the 5th pilot tunnel 17-5 is provided with pre-grouting ruggedized construction.
Further, described first arch section 12, second arch section 13, the 3rd arch section 14 and the 4th arch section 15 are provided with pre-grouting ruggedized construction.
During practice of construction, described pre-grouting ruggedized construction is per-fore pouring liquid with small pipe ruggedized construction 23 and advanced deep hole grouting ruggedized construction.In the present embodiment, described pre-grouting ruggedized construction is per-fore pouring liquid with small pipe ruggedized construction 23.
As shown in Figure 2, when the utility model is constructed, comprise the following steps:
Step one, pilot drive and preliminary bracing: top first pilot tunnel 16-1, top second pilot tunnel 16-2, top the 3rd pilot tunnel 16-3, top the 4th pilot tunnel 16-4, top the 5th pilot tunnel 16-5, bottom first pilot tunnel 17-1, bottom second pilot tunnel 17-2, bottom the 3rd pilot tunnel 17-3, bottom the 4th pilot tunnel 17-4 and bottom the 5th pilot tunnel 17-5 are excavated respectively, synchronously preliminary bracing is carried out to the pilot tunnel hole wall excavated in digging process, and obtaining preliminary bracing structure 22, its Construction State refers to Fig. 2-1.
In the present embodiment, when carrying out pilot drive and preliminary bracing in step one, benching tunnelling method is adopted to excavate.
During practice of construction, the conventional tunnel excavation construction method of other type also can be adopted to excavate.
In the present embodiment, described bottom first pilot tunnel 17-1, bottom second pilot tunnel 17-2, bottom the 3rd pilot tunnel 17-3, bottom the 4th pilot tunnel 17-4 and bottom the 5th pilot tunnel 17-5 are lower floor's pilot tunnel, and described top first pilot tunnel 16-1, top second pilot tunnel 16-2, top the 3rd pilot tunnel 16-3, top the 4th pilot tunnel 16-4 and top the 5th pilot tunnel 16-5 are upper strata pilot tunnel.
When carrying out pilot drive and preliminary bracing in step one, first bottom first pilot tunnel 17-1, bottom the 3rd pilot tunnel 17-3 and bottom the 5th pilot tunnel 17-5 are excavated, again bottom second pilot tunnel 17-2 and bottom the 4th pilot tunnel 17-4 is excavated, then top first pilot tunnel 16-1, top the 3rd pilot tunnel 16-3 and top the 5th pilot tunnel 16-5 are excavated, finally top second pilot tunnel 16-2 and top the 4th pilot tunnel 16-4 is excavated;
Further, the excavation progress difference of adjacent two described upper strata pilot tunnels is not less than 10m, and the excavation progress of adjacent two described lower floor pilot tunnels difference is not less than 10m; Each described lower floor pilot tunnel differs with the excavation progress of the upper strata pilot tunnel be positioned at directly over it and is not less than 20m.
Thus, in practice of construction process, the initial digging time of each pilot tunnel should be noted.
In the present embodiment, the base plate of main structure of subway station of constructing adopt i iron to carry out back cover, thus carry out in digging process to each lower floor pilot tunnel, should bottom the shaping lower floor's pilot tunnel of excavation the pre-buried junction steel plate for connecting back cover i iron.
In the present embodiment, described preliminary bracing structure 22 comprises grillage.In the present embodiment, what first the button arch 18 that described first arch section 12, second encircles section 13, the 3rd arch section 14 and the 4th encircles section 15 all adopted is the structure that grillage combines with sprayed mortar.Thus, when preliminary bracing being carried out to the pilot tunnel hole wall excavated in the pilot drive process of described upper strata, also need the pre-buried junction steel plate for connecting grillage in a first button arch 18 on the grillage in supporting and protection structure 22 in the early stage, to be connected with at the beginning of the later stage the grillage detaining arch 18.And; boring on the pre-embedded steel slab of the grillage for being connected a just button arch 18 that should be pre-buried in described top first pilot tunnel 16-1 with top the 5th pilot tunnel 16-5 also installs connecting bolt in advance; and adopt adhesive tape to wrap up protection; prevent spray anchor from polluting bolt, to ensure effective connection of just propping up grillage in button arch 18 in later stage top first pilot tunnel 16-1 and top the 5th pilot tunnel 16-5.
Step 2, horizontal base and bottom girder construction: treat bottom first pilot tunnel 17-1, bottom second pilot tunnel 17-2, bottom the 3rd pilot tunnel 17-3, after bottom the 4th pilot tunnel 17-4 and bottom the 5th pilot tunnel 17-5 has all excavated, to construct respectively the first horizontal base 18-1 and the 5th horizontal base 18-5 in the inside bottom of bottom first pilot tunnel 17-1 and bottom the 5th pilot tunnel 17-5, and at bottom second pilot tunnel 17-2, the lower inside of bottom the 3rd pilot tunnel 17-3 and bottom the 4th pilot tunnel 17-4 is constructed the first bottom girder 7-1 respectively, second bottom girder 7-2 and the 3rd bottom girder 7-3, its Construction State refers to Fig. 2-2.
In the present embodiment, when constructing to the first horizontal base 18-1 and the 5th horizontal base 18-5, also need to construct respectively to the second horizontal base 18-2, the 3rd horizontal base 18-3 and the 4th horizontal base 18-4 simultaneously.Described first horizontal base 18-1, the 5th horizontal base 18-5, the second horizontal base 18-2, the 3rd horizontal base 18-3 and the 4th horizontal base 18-4 are strip foundation.
In the present embodiment, when carrying out bottom girder construction in step 2, also need establish splash guard at the first bottom girder 7-1, the second bottom girder 7-2 and the 3rd bottom girder 7-3 upper berth.When laying splash guard, the safeguard measure of reserved splash guard should be carried out, take 1cm plank and 2mm steel plate to protect.Described first horizontal base 18-1 is embedded with on the 5th horizontal base 18-5 the embedded bar being connected left side stake 1 and the right stake 2 respectively, and described first bottom girder 7-1, the second bottom girder 7-2 and the bottom of the 3rd bottom girder 7-3 are all embedded with mounting flange for being connected described center pillar and column bolt.
Step 3, skirt piles and center pillar are constructed: after top first pilot tunnel 16-1, top second pilot tunnel 16-2, top the 3rd pilot tunnel 16-3, top the 4th pilot tunnel 16-4 and top the 5th pilot tunnel 16-5 have all excavated, to construct between top first pilot tunnel 16-1 and bottom first pilot tunnel 17-1 many described left side stakes 1, and many described the right stakes 2 of constructing between top the 5th pilot tunnel 16-5 and bottom the 5th pilot tunnel 17-5; Meanwhile, between top second pilot tunnel 16-2 and bottom second pilot tunnel 17-2, center pillar described in a group of constructing respectively between top the 3rd pilot tunnel 16-3 and bottom the 3rd pilot tunnel 17-3 and between top the 4th pilot tunnel 16-4 and bottom the 4th pilot tunnel 17-4.
In the present embodiment, the stake of the left side described in step 31 and the right stake 2 are hand excavated pile; Described center pillar is steel pipe column, described erection of steel pipe column is in erection of steel pipe column hole, described steel pipe column comprise in vertically to the steel pipe 21-1 laid, build the shaft concrete structure in steel pipe 21-1 and be filled in outside steel pipe 21-1 top and the bottom and aperture concrete structure 21-2 between the inwall of described erection of steel pipe column hole, the height of described aperture concrete structure 21-2 is 0.8m ~ 1.5m; To when the right stake 2 is constructed described in many described left side stakes 1 and Duo Gen, alternation excavation mode is all adopted to excavate; To often organize described center pillar construct time, all according to installation position by constructing respectively to many described center pillars in the described center pillar of this group before backward.
Further, when left side stake 1 and the right stake 2 are constructed, first adopt manually digging hole mode to carry out borehole, and take the mode of " digging every three ", avoid influencing each other in digging process.When described center pillar is constructed, first excavate erection of steel pipe column hole, and erection of steel pipe column hole is taked by the mode excavated one by one before backward.Wherein, the borehole of hand excavation's stake and the perforate state in erection of steel pipe column hole refer to Fig. 2-3.
In the present embodiment, after pore-forming is excavated in described left side stake 1 and the right stake 2, build pile concrete by top first pilot tunnel 16-1 and top the 5th pilot tunnel 16-5 assembling reinforcement cage.Owing to lifting space constraint in little pilot tunnel, the reinforcing cage of left side stake 1 and the right stake 2 adopts the mode that in stake, colligation is shaping.
When described steel pipe column is constructed, first steel pipe 21-1 is lifted in erection of steel pipe column hole, plain concrete is adopted to backfill and obtain concrete structure 21-2 to surrounding within the scope of the 1m of aperture up and down of steel pipe 21-1 again, with to the firm steel pipe column of described steel pipe column, then pour into a mould the concrete in steel pipe 21-1.Described steel pipe column is narrow space because single-unit weight is comparatively large, in hole, and relates to many construction unfavorable factors such as climbing transport, and construction progress is slow, and now employing fork truck transports steel pipe column and installs, and efficiency doubles.Before described steel pipe column concreting, concrete is adopted to fill closely knit by the scope of aperture up and down in the shaft of steel pipe 21-1 and described erection of steel pipe column hole, to ensure stablizing of when concreting steel pipe column.Wherein, the Construction State of hand excavation's stake and steel pipe column refers to Fig. 2-4.
Encircle section in step 4, Guan Liang, top longeron and pilot tunnel to construct: after described in many described left side stakes 1 and Duo Gen, the right stake 2 has all been constructed, at construction left side, many described left side stake 1 tops hat beam 10, and at construction right side, many described the right stake 2 tops hat beam 11; , first the button arch sections being positioned at top first pilot tunnel 16-1 in first button arch 18 of the first arch section 12 is constructed meanwhile, and first the button arch sections being positioned at top the 5th pilot tunnel 16-5 in first button arch 18 of the 4th arch section 15 is constructed;
After described in three groups, center pillar has all been constructed, column top construction first top longeron 8-1, the second top longeron 8-2 and the 3rd top longeron 8-3 in respectively described in three groups; Simultaneously, be arranged in the sections that the sections of top the 3rd pilot tunnel 16-3 and the 3rd arch section 14 and the 4th arch section 15 be positioned at top the 4th pilot tunnel 16-4 construct respectively to being arranged in the sections of top second pilot tunnel 16-2, the second arch section 13 and the 3rd arch section 14 in the first arch section 12 and the second arch section 13, its Construction State refers to Fig. 2-5.
In the present embodiment, first button arch 18 of the first arch section 12 is anchored on the hat beam 10 of left side, and first button arch 18 of the 4th arch section 15 is anchored on the hat beam 11 of right side.Further, before the first top longeron 8-1, the second top longeron 8-2 and the 3rd top longeron 8-3 being constructed in step 4, also splash guard need be laid above the installation position of the first top longeron 8-1, the second top longeron 8-2 and the 3rd top longeron 8-3.
In the present embodiment, described first arch section 12 and the second arch section 13 are positioned at the sections of top second pilot tunnel 16-2, the second arch section 13 and the 3rd arch section 14 and are positioned at the sections that the sections of top the 3rd pilot tunnel 16-3 and the 3rd arch section 14 and the 4th arch section 15 be positioned at top the 4th pilot tunnel 16-4 and all only comprise button arch secondary liner structure 19.
Step 5, first and the 3rd is encircleed Duan Chuzhi and is detained to encircle and construct: tunnel just props up the construction method of detaining and encircleing routinely, by excavating the soil body between top first pilot tunnel 16-1 and top second pilot tunnel 16-2 and between top the 3rd pilot tunnel 16-3 and top the 4th pilot tunnel 16-4 or rock mass before backward, and synchronously first of section 14 is encircleed to the first arch section 12 and the 3rd in digging process and detain arch 18 and construct;
Encircle first of section 14 to the first arch section 12 and the 3rd to detain arch 18 and carry out in work progress, before backward, carry out concrete backfill respectively to the first concrete backfill district 20-1, the second concrete backfill district 20-2, the 3rd concrete backfill district 20-3, the 4th concrete backfill district 20-4 and the 5th concrete backfill district 20-5, its Construction State refers to Fig. 2-6; First the construction speed of detaining arch 18 that described first arch section 12 and the 3rd encircles section 14 is identical.
In the present embodiment, encircleing first of section 14 until the first arch section 12 and the 3rd detains after arch 18 reaches designing requirement, carries out concrete backfill respectively to the first concrete backfill district 20-1, the second concrete backfill district 20-2, the 3rd concrete backfill district 20-3, the 4th concrete backfill district 20-4 and the 5th concrete backfill district 20-5.
Step 6, second and the 4th is encircleed Duan Chuzhi and is detained to encircle and construct: tunnel just props up the construction method of detaining and encircleing routinely, before backward, the soil body between top second pilot tunnel 16-2 and top the 3rd pilot tunnel 16-3 and between top the 4th pilot tunnel 16-4 and top the 5th pilot tunnel 16-5 or rock mass are excavated, and detain arch 18 construct by encircleing first of section 15 to the second arch section 13 and the 4th before backward in digging process, its Construction State refers to Fig. 2-7;
The construction speed of described second arch first of section 13 button arch 18 than first button arch 18 of the first arch section 12 construction speed late and the construction speed difference of the two is not less than 10m, the construction speed of first button arch 18 of described 4th arch section 15 and the two construction speed slower than the construction speed of first button arch 18 of the second arch section 13 differs and is not less than 10m.
In the present embodiment, when the soil body between top second pilot tunnel 16-2 and top the 3rd pilot tunnel 16-3 and between top the 4th pilot tunnel 16-4 and top the 5th pilot tunnel 16-5 excavates, adopt benching tunnelling method excavation.
Step 7, first and the 3rd is encircleed section secondary liner structure and is constructed: Tunnel Second Lining Construction method routinely, and encircle secondary liner structure 19 by the button encircleing section 14 to the first arch section 12 and the 3rd before backward and construct respectively, its Construction State refers to Fig. 2-8; The construction speed that the button that described first arch section 12 and the 3rd encircles section 14 encircles secondary liner structure 19 is identical;
Button encircle section 14 to the first arch section 12 and the 3rd encircle before secondary liner structure 19 constructs, and just props up a preliminary bracing structure 22 of detaining below arch 18 by before backward and removes respectively being positioned in top first pilot tunnel 16-1, top second pilot tunnel 16-2, top the 3rd pilot tunnel 16-3, top the 4th pilot tunnel 16-4 and top the 5th pilot tunnel 16-5.
In this step, also need to be backfilled to top second pilot tunnel 16-2, top the 3rd pilot tunnel 16-3 and top the 4th pilot tunnel 16-4 the face of abolishing, post and lintel system bias voltage during anti-clamping arch.
Step 8, second and the 4th is encircleed section secondary liner structure and is constructed: Tunnel Second Lining Construction method routinely, and encircle secondary liner structure 19 by the button encircleing section 15 to the second arch section 13 and the 4th before backward and construct respectively, its Construction State refers to Fig. 2-9;
The construction speed of the button arch secondary liner structure 19 of described second arch section 13 than the button arch secondary liner structure 19 of the first arch section 12 construction speed late and the construction speed difference of the two is not less than 15m, the construction speed of the button arch secondary liner structure 19 of described 4th arch section 15 and the two construction speed slower than the construction speed of the button arch secondary liner structure 19 of the second arch section 13 differs and is not less than 15m.
In the present embodiment, after having constructed in step 8, obtain the described main body arch of construction molding.Further, after button arch secondary liner structure 19 concrete strength of described main body arch reaches 80% of design strength, then step 9 is entered.
Step 9, station inside subject structure upper excavation and middle longeron, middle plate and side wall top Second Lining Construction: carry out stage excavation to the soil body of described station inside subject structure upper or rock mass from top to bottom, until below the middle part being excavated to center pillar described in three groups; Afterwards, before backward, the described middle longeron be installed between the adjacent two described center pillars in front and back is constructed respectively; And in described middle longeron work progress, by before backward on the described middle longeron of having constructed plate 3 in construction; In described middle plate 3 work progress, Tunnel Second Lining Construction method routinely, before backward, carry out Second Lining Construction to the side wall top of described station inside subject structure, its work progress refers to Fig. 2-10;
Further, tread air channel and middle plate 3 together apply, and reduce the impact in difficulty that the later stage applies and tracking row district.
Step 10, station inside subject structure bottom soil excavation and base plate and side wall bottom Second Lining Construction: from top to bottom the soil body of inside subject structure bottom, described station or rock mass are excavated, until be excavated to base plate; And in digging process, from top to bottom the preliminary bracing structure 22 inside the preliminary bracing structure 22 of bottom second pilot tunnel 17-2, bottom the 3rd pilot tunnel 17-3 and bottom the 4th pilot tunnel 17-4 and bottom first pilot tunnel 17-1 and bottom the 5th pilot tunnel 17-5 is removed respectively, obtain the described station inside subject structure excavated;
After the soil body of inside subject structure bottom, described station or rock excavation complete, Second Lining Construction is carried out respectively by the backward front base plate to described station inside subject structure and side wall bottom, and obtain the station agent structure secondary liner structure 9 of having constructed, complete the work progress of constructed main structure of subway station.
In the present embodiment, before carrying out pilot drive and preliminary bracing in step one, first construction shaft and constructing passage with the transverse direction that constructed main structure of subway station is vertical runs outside the construction area of constructed main structure of subway station; Afterwards, according to the construction method described in step one to step 10, in described laterally construction passage, before backward, constructed main structure of subway station is constructed.
Thus, after tunneling main structure of subway station has been constructed, adopt the utility model without the need to setting area is larger separately outside main structure of subway station air channel or device rooms, thus effectively can solve the defect of the PBA tunneling subway station (being that a post two encircles or two post three arch structures substantially) of current domestic employing, the required ground footprint of construction can not be increased, tear down and reconstruct workload and early investment without the need to strengthening, the construction period can effectively be ensured.
In the present embodiment, when constructing to first the button arch 18 being positioned at top first pilot tunnel 16-1 and top the 5th pilot tunnel 16-5, take to hang the mixed construction method of mould spray.
In the present embodiment, when carrying out station inside subject structure bottom soil excavation and base plate and side wall bottom Second Lining Construction in step 10, process is as follows:
Step 101, tentatively to excavate: first from top to bottom excavate the soil body of inside subject structure bottom, described station or rock mass, until be excavated to the top of bottom pilot tunnel, its Construction State refers to Fig. 2-11;
Described bottom pilot tunnel is the pilot tunnel that in bottom second pilot tunnel 17-2, bottom the 3rd pilot tunnel 17-3 and bottom the 4th pilot tunnel 17-4, spring of arch is the highest;
Step 102, the follow-up excavation of the middle part soil body: adopt longitudinal kerve digging mode, proceed excavation, until be excavated to the floor design absolute altitude of base plate to the soil body in the middle part of the inside subject structure of described station or rock mass; And in digging process, remove respectively the preliminary bracing structure 22 of bottom second pilot tunnel 17-2, bottom the 3rd pilot tunnel 17-3 and bottom the 4th pilot tunnel 17-4, its Construction State refers to Fig. 2-12;
After having excavated, carry out back cover construction in the middle part of the base plate of described station inside subject structure, and lay waterproofing course; Afterwards, Second Lining Construction is carried out in the middle part of the base plate of described station inside subject structure;
The follow-up excavation of step 103, soil at both sides: excavation is proceeded, until be excavated to the floor design absolute altitude of base plate to the soil body of the inside subject structure left and right sides, described station or rock mass; And in digging process, remove respectively the preliminary bracing structure 22 inside bottom first pilot tunnel 17-1 and bottom the 5th pilot tunnel 17-5, its Construction State refers to Fig. 2-13;
After having excavated, respectively back cover construction is carried out to the base plate left and right sides of described station inside subject structure, and lays waterproofing course; Afterwards, respectively Second Lining Construction is carried out to the base plate left and right sides of described station inside subject structure; Then, lay waterproofing course in the side wall bottom of described station inside subject structure, and Second Lining Construction is carried out to the side wall bottom of described station inside subject structure, obtain the station agent structure secondary liner structure 9 of having constructed.
In the present embodiment, in step 101 after the concrete strength of middle plate 3 reaches 80% of design strength, more tentatively excavate.
In the present embodiment, in the middle part of the base plate of the inside subject structure of station described in step 102, refer to the region between the first bottom girder 7-1 and the 3rd bottom girder 7-3 on base plate; The base plate left and right sides of the inside subject structure of station described in step 103, refers to the region on base plate between left side stake 1 and the first bottom girder 7-1 and the region between the right stake 2 and the 3rd bottom girder 7-3.
Finally, in constructed main structure of subway station carry out platform slab and other station inner structure is constructed.
The above; it is only preferred embodiment of the present utility model; not the utility model is imposed any restrictions; every above embodiment is done according to the utility model technical spirit any simple modification, change and equivalent structure change, all still belong in the protection domain of technical solutions of the utility model.

Claims (10)

1. a tetrad arch PBA tunneling main structure of subway station, it is characterized in that: comprise the station inside subject structure that excavation is formed, the many left side stakes (1) be laid in from front to back on the left of the inside subject structure of described station, the many right stakes (2) be laid in from front to back on the right side of the inside subject structure of described station, three groups of center pillars being laid in described station inside subject inside configuration from left to right, to set up in the middle part of the inside subject structure of described station and in level to plate (3) in laying and the main body arch that is laid in directly over the inside subject structure of described station, center pillar described in three groups to be all positioned between left side stake (1) and the right stake (2) and often to organize described center pillar and includes the many described center pillars laid from front to back along the longitudinal length direction of described station inside subject structure, center pillar described in three groups is respectively the first center pillar (4) from left to right, second center pillar (5) and the 3rd center pillar (6), described left side stake (1), the right stake (2), the first center pillar (4), the second center pillar (5) and the 3rd center pillar (6) are all in vertically to laying, described station inside subject structural base is provided with the first bottom girder (7-1) from left to right, second bottom girder (7-2) and the 3rd bottom girder (7-3), described station inside subject structural top is provided with the first top longeron (8-1) from left to right, second top longeron (8-2) and the 3rd top longeron (8-3), described first top longeron (8-1), second top longeron (8-2) and the 3rd top longeron (8-3) lay respectively at the first bottom girder (7-1), directly over second bottom girder (7-2) and the 3rd bottom girder (7-3), described first bottom girder (7-1), second bottom girder (7-2), 3rd bottom girder (7-3), first top longeron (8-1), second top longeron (8-2) and the 3rd top longeron (8-3) are all laid along the longitudinal length direction of described station inside subject structure, many described first center pillars (4) are all supported in the first bottom girder (7-1) and first and push up between longeron (8-1), many described second center pillars (5) are all supported in the second bottom girder (7-2) and second and push up between longeron (8-2), many described 3rd center pillars (6) are all supported in the 3rd bottom girder (7-3) and the 3rd and push up between longeron (8-3), before and after often organizing in described center pillar adjacent two described center pillars middle part between be provided with a longitudinal length direction along described station inside subject structure lay in longeron, described middle plate (3) is erected on the middle part of center pillar described in three groups, described middle plate (3) Left-side support is at upper and its Right side support of many described left side stakes (1) on many described the right stakes (2), and described middle plate (3) is supported on described middle longeron,
The base plate of described station inside subject structure and side wall are provided with station agent structure secondary liner structure (9), the left and right sides arch springing of described main body arch is supported on left side Guan Liang (10) and right side Guan Liang (11) respectively, described left side Guan Liang (10) and right side Guan Liang (11) are in parallel laying, described left side Guan Liang (10) is supported in many described left side stake (1) tops, and right side Guan Liang (11) is supported in many described the right stake (2) tops, described main body arch is tetrad arch and it is by the first arch section (12), second arch section (13), 3rd arch section (14) and the 4th arch section (15) are formed by connecting from left to right, described first arch section (12) is supported in left side Guan Liang (10) and first and pushes up between longeron (8-1), described second arch section (13) is supported in the first top longeron (8-1) and second and pushes up between longeron (8-2), described 3rd arch section (14) is supported in the second top longeron (8-2) and the 3rd and pushes up between longeron (8-3), described 4th arch section (15) is supported between the 3rd top longeron (8-3) and right side Guan Liang (11), the structure of described first arch section (12), the second arch section (13), the 3rd arch section (14) and the 4th arch section (15) is identical and its button including first button arch (18) and be laid in just button arch (18) below encircles secondary liner structure (19), and the button of described station agent structure secondary liner structure (9) and described main body arch encircles secondary liner structure (19) and connects to form an Integral secondary liner structure,
Described left side Guan Liang (10) is laid in bottom the outside abutment wall on the top first pilot tunnel (16-1) of excavating formation in advance, described right side Guan Liang (11) is laid in bottom the outside abutment wall on the top the 5th pilot tunnel (16-5) of excavating formation in advance, described first top longeron (8-1), second top longeron (8-2) and the 3rd top longeron (8-3) are laid in the top second pilot tunnel (16-2) of excavating formation in advance respectively, the inside upper part on top the 3rd pilot tunnel (16-3) and top the 4th pilot tunnel (16-4), described first bottom girder (7-1), second bottom girder (7-2) and the 3rd bottom girder (7-3) are laid in the bottom second pilot tunnel (17-2) of excavating formation in advance respectively, the lower inside of bottom the 3rd pilot tunnel (17-3) and bottom the 4th pilot tunnel (17-4), the bottom of many described left side stakes (1) is all supported on the first horizontal base (18-1), the bottom of many described the right stakes (2) is all supported on the 5th horizontal base (18-5), described first horizontal base (18-1) and the 5th horizontal base (18-5) are all laid along the longitudinal length direction of described station inside subject structure, described first horizontal base (18-1) is positioned at the inside bottom of the bottom first pilot tunnel (17-1) of excavating formation in advance, described 5th horizontal base (18-5) is positioned at the inside bottom of the bottom the 5th pilot tunnel (17-5) of excavating formation in advance.
2. according to a kind of tetrad arch PBA tunneling main structure of subway station according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described first top longeron (8-1), second top longeron (8-2) and the 3rd top longeron (8-3) are laid in top second pilot tunnel (16-2) respectively, on the longitudinal centre line on top the 3rd pilot tunnel (16-3) and top the 4th pilot tunnel (16-4), described first bottom girder (7-1), second bottom girder (7-2) and the 3rd bottom girder (7-3) are laid in bottom second pilot tunnel (17-2) respectively, on the longitudinal centre line of bottom the 3rd pilot tunnel (17-3) and bottom the 4th pilot tunnel (17-4),
Described top first pilot tunnel (16-1), top second pilot tunnel (16-2), top the 3rd pilot tunnel (16-3), top the 4th pilot tunnel (16-4) and top the 5th pilot tunnel (16-5) are laid from left to right, described bottom first pilot tunnel (17-1), bottom second pilot tunnel (17-2), bottom the 3rd pilot tunnel (17-3), bottom the 4th pilot tunnel (17-4) and bottom the 5th pilot tunnel (17-5) are laid from left to right, described top first pilot tunnel (16-1), top second pilot tunnel (16-2), top the 3rd pilot tunnel (16-3), top the 4th pilot tunnel (16-4) and top the 5th pilot tunnel (16-5) lay respectively at bottom first pilot tunnel (17-1), bottom second pilot tunnel (17-2), bottom the 3rd pilot tunnel (17-3), directly over bottom the 4th pilot tunnel (17-4) and bottom the 5th pilot tunnel (17-5).
3. according to a kind of tetrad arch PBA tunneling main structure of subway station described in claim 1 or 2, it is characterized in that: the region being positioned at the first arch section (12) top in described top first pilot tunnel (16-1) is the first concrete backfill district (20-1), the region being positioned at the 4th arch section (15) top in top the 5th pilot tunnel (16-5) is the 5th concrete backfill district (20-5), the first top longeron (8-1) is positioned in described top second pilot tunnel (16-2), the region of the first arch section (12) and the second arch section (13) top is the second concrete backfill district (20-2), the second top longeron (8-2) is positioned in described top the 3rd pilot tunnel (16-3), the region of the second arch section (13) and the 3rd arch section (14) top is the 3rd concrete backfill district (20-3), the 3rd top longeron (8-3) is positioned in described top the 4th pilot tunnel (16-4), the region of the 3rd arch section (14) and the 4th arch section (15) top is the 4th concrete backfill district (20-4).
4. according to a kind of tetrad arch PBA tunneling main structure of subway station described in claim 1 or 2, it is characterized in that: described bottom second pilot tunnel (17-2), the inside bottom of bottom the 3rd pilot tunnel (17-3) and bottom the 4th pilot tunnel (17-4) is respectively arranged with for the first bottom girder (7-1), the second horizontal base (18-2) that second bottom girder (7-2) and the 3rd bottom girder (7-3) are laid, 3rd horizontal base (18-3) and the 4th horizontal base (18-4), described second horizontal base (18-2), 3rd horizontal base (18-3) and the 4th horizontal base (18-4) are all laid along the longitudinal length direction of described station inside subject structure, described first bottom girder (7-1), second bottom girder (7-2) and the 3rd bottom girder (7-3) are laid in the second horizontal base (18-2) respectively, on 3rd horizontal base (18-3) and the 4th horizontal base (18-4).
5. according to a kind of tetrad arch PBA tunneling main structure of subway station according to claim 4, it is characterized in that: described first horizontal base (18-1), second horizontal base (18-2), 3rd horizontal base (18-3), 4th horizontal base (18-4) and the 5th horizontal base (18-5) are concrete foundation, described first bottom girder (7-1), second bottom girder (7-2), 3rd bottom girder (7-3), first top longeron (8-1), second top longeron (8-2) and the 3rd top longeron (8-3) are reinforced concrete beam.
6., according to a kind of tetrad arch PBA tunneling main structure of subway station described in claim 1 or 2, it is characterized in that: described left side stake (1) and the right stake (2) are reinforced concrete pile.
7., according to a kind of tetrad arch PBA tunneling main structure of subway station according to claim 6, it is characterized in that: described left side stake (1) and the right stake (2) are hand excavated pile.
8. according to a kind of tetrad arch PBA tunneling main structure of subway station described in claim 1 or 2, it is characterized in that: described in three groups, center pillar is steel pipe column, described erection of steel pipe column in erection of steel pipe column hole, described steel pipe column comprise in vertically to the steel pipe (21-1) laid, build the shaft concrete structure in steel pipe (21-1) and be filled in outside steel pipe (21-1) top and the bottom and aperture concrete structure (21-2) between the inwall of described erection of steel pipe column hole.
9. according to a kind of tetrad arch PBA tunneling main structure of subway station described in claim 1 or 2, it is characterized in that: the arch of described top first pilot tunnel (16-1), top second pilot tunnel (16-2), top the 3rd pilot tunnel (16-3), top the 4th pilot tunnel (16-4), top the 5th pilot tunnel (16-5), bottom first pilot tunnel (17-1), bottom second pilot tunnel (17-2), bottom the 3rd pilot tunnel (17-3), bottom the 4th pilot tunnel (17-4) and bottom the 5th pilot tunnel (17-5) is provided with pre-grouting ruggedized construction.
10., according to a kind of tetrad arch PBA tunneling main structure of subway station described in claim 1 or 2, it is characterized in that: described first arch section (12), the second arch section (13), the 3rd arch section (14) and the 4th arch section (15) are provided with pre-grouting ruggedized construction.
CN201520780181.4U 2015-10-10 2015-10-10 Block of four encircles PBA and secretly digs subway station major structure Active CN205036380U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520780181.4U CN205036380U (en) 2015-10-10 2015-10-10 Block of four encircles PBA and secretly digs subway station major structure

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520780181.4U CN205036380U (en) 2015-10-10 2015-10-10 Block of four encircles PBA and secretly digs subway station major structure

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN205036380U true CN205036380U (en) 2016-02-17

Family

ID=55295289

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201520780181.4U Active CN205036380U (en) 2015-10-10 2015-10-10 Block of four encircles PBA and secretly digs subway station major structure

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN205036380U (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105201516A (en) * 2015-10-10 2015-12-30 中铁二十局集团第一工程有限公司 Subway station body structure and four-joint-arch PBA underground excavation construction method thereof
CN110469341A (en) * 2019-08-14 2019-11-19 建研地基基础工程有限责任公司 A kind of assembly of Underground Subway Station combines integrated morphology and construction method with pouring

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105201516A (en) * 2015-10-10 2015-12-30 中铁二十局集团第一工程有限公司 Subway station body structure and four-joint-arch PBA underground excavation construction method thereof
CN110469341A (en) * 2019-08-14 2019-11-19 建研地基基础工程有限责任公司 A kind of assembly of Underground Subway Station combines integrated morphology and construction method with pouring
CN110469341B (en) * 2019-08-14 2021-01-15 建研地基基础工程有限责任公司 Subway underground excavation station assembling and pouring combined integrated structure and construction method

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN101440708B (en) PBA shallow buried underground excavating close range large section three-hole separated island type structure construction method
CN102758632B (en) Rock stratum double initial support layering method for establishing large-scale underground structure
CN105041349B (en) A kind of excavating construction method that station is digged on the basis of Subway Tunnel shield tunnel
CN102226403B (en) Construction method of large-span subway station main body by using arched cover method and station main body structure
CN202707075U (en) Long-span subway station main structure constructed based on column and arch method
CN102644466B (en) Joist arching method for constructing ultra-shallow buried large-span underground excavated subway station in rocky stratum
CN104452809B (en) A kind of super shallow tunnel cover and cut construction method
CN105201516B (en) A kind of main structure of subway station and its tetrad arch PBA excavating construction methods
CN111411993A (en) Large-section tunnel supporting system penetrating through huge karst cave hall and construction method
CN106703828B (en) The construction method of subway station is built using prefabricated assembled lining cutting combination PBA
CN106337686B (en) Three layers of subway station canopy structure of rocky stratum tunneling and construction method
CN105064397B (en) Open excavation construction method for expanding excavation of station on metro interzone shield tunnel foundation
CN108868778B (en) Non-excavation construction method for large underground structure
CN102748040B (en) Main structure for metro long-span station and pillar arching construction method thereof
CN106567718B (en) A kind of construction method of compound stratum list arch super-span subway station kerve support replacement
CN201991017U (en) Subway large-span station body structure based on arch cover method construction forming
CN105089670B (en) Construction method for enlarging and excavating subway station on basis of parallel interval shield tunnel
CN102733413A (en) Method for controlling subsidence of operating subway tunnel
CN106567717A (en) Construction oblique channel structure utilizing subway exit and entrance and construction method
CN107288642A (en) PBA construction technologies
CN107514262A (en) The construction method of shield piping lane
CN103993885A (en) Construction method for underground excavation tunnel side-direction hole opening supporting system
CN103233753A (en) Pipe curtain shed frame method used for full-face excavation of construction of shallow-buried large-scale subsurface structure
CN109958445A (en) The frame construction method in Large Underground space is buried for an ultra shallow
CN205036380U (en) Block of four encircles PBA and secretly digs subway station major structure

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
GR01 Patent grant
C14 Grant of patent or utility model