CN205032269U - Material grinding device - Google Patents

Material grinding device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN205032269U
CN205032269U CN201520762570.4U CN201520762570U CN205032269U CN 205032269 U CN205032269 U CN 205032269U CN 201520762570 U CN201520762570 U CN 201520762570U CN 205032269 U CN205032269 U CN 205032269U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
transfer pipe
pulverizing
pulverizer
crushing chamber
valve
Prior art date
Application number
CN201520762570.4U
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
马玉峰
廖维林
谢贤清
宋心怡
徐�明
李洋洋
Original Assignee
江西佳因光电材料有限公司
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Application filed by 江西佳因光电材料有限公司 filed Critical 江西佳因光电材料有限公司
Priority to CN201520762570.4U priority Critical patent/CN205032269U/en
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Publication of CN205032269U publication Critical patent/CN205032269U/en

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Abstract

The utility model relates to a raw materials processing field discloses a material grinding device, and this material grinding device includes rubbing crusher, and this rubbing crusher includes crushing chamber (1), wherein, material grinding device still including the conveying passageway (3), should convey passageway (3) with smash chamber (1) intercommunication with can to smash chamber (1) transporting material, and follow in the conveying passageway (3) the length direction of conveying passageway (3) is provided with the first fender of mutual spaced material valve (6) and second fender material valve (7). The utility model discloses a material grinding device keeps off the coordinating operation who expects the valve through first fender material valve and the second that conveys on the passageway, can control the speed and the inventory of throwing the material to rubbing crusher, need not another the manual material of throwing to make and smash operation labour saving and time saving, improve work efficiency greatly.

Description

A kind of material-pulverizing device
Technical field
The present invention relates to Raw material processing field, particularly, relate to the high and material-pulverizing device of point institute's job safety environmental protection of a kind of operating efficiency.
Background technology
The comminution process that material is pulverized usually is related in Raw material processing field.Such as, the metallo-organic compound such as trimethyl gallium, triethyl-gallium is widely used in the fields such as LED device, solar cell, semiconductor laser, these metallo-organic compounds need high-purity raw material to support, and these raw materials need first by after pulverizing gallium-magnesium alloy, more therefrom carry out refining and obtaining.But, the materials such as existing pulverizer alloy carry out there is a lot of problem in the process pulverized: 1, existing alloy pulverizer does not transmit the device of alloy specially, therefore need artificially to be loaded into one by one on pulverizer by alloy, work is wasted time and energy and efficiency is low; 2, carry out in atmosphere because crushing process exposes, and alloy temperature in crushing process is very high, therefore alloy is easily oxidized and can not ensure to obtain highly purified finished product; 3, in addition, the dust produced in crushing process is too high and may be explosion caused, and can produce noise, thus the comminution process of alloy has the problem such as environmental pollution and potential safety hazard.
Therefore, there is a need in the field to provide the high and material-pulverizing device of comminution process safety and environmental protection of a kind of operating efficiency.
Summary of the invention
The object of this invention is to provide a kind of material-pulverizing device, this material-pulverizing device operating efficiency is high, and comminution process safety and environmental protection.
To achieve these goals, the invention provides a kind of material-pulverizing device, this material-pulverizing device comprises pulverizer, this pulverizer comprises crushing chamber, wherein, described material-pulverizing device also comprises Transfer pipe, and this Transfer pipe is communicated with can transmit material to described crushing chamber with described crushing chamber, and the length direction along described Transfer pipe in described Transfer pipe is provided with the first spaced material stop valve and the second material stop valve.
Preferably, the bottom in described Transfer pipe is provided with the conveying member of tubulose, the length of this conveying member is arranged along the length direction of described Transfer pipe.
Preferably, described Transfer pipe is downward-sloping to the outlet of described Transfer pipe from the entrance of described Transfer pipe, and the angle tilted is 30 ° to 50 °.
Preferably, described pulverizer also comprises and to be communicated with described crushing chamber and to be arranged on the receiving tank below described crushing chamber, and this receiving tank is provided with discharge valve.
Preferably, the exit of described Transfer pipe is provided with unidirectional baffle plate, and this unidirectional baffle plate can allow material to pass through from described Transfer pipe to described pulverizer is unidirectional.
Preferably, described material-pulverizing device also comprises protection source of the gas, and this protection source of the gas is communicated with described crushing chamber by intake valve to be opened/closed.
Preferably, described Transfer pipe is provided with screen pack and steam vent, described screen pack relative to described steam vent away from described Transfer pipe porch be arranged in described Transfer pipe.
Preferably, the porch of described Transfer pipe is provided with sealing plate.
Preferably, described Transfer pipe and described pulverizer are tightly connected.
Preferably, described pulverizer is provided with muffler.
Pass through technique scheme, first material-pulverizing device of the present utility model drops into material in Transfer pipe, the first material stop valve is opened when material arrives the first material stop valve, and the second material stop valve is in closed condition, when material enters after between the first material stop valve and the second material stop valve, close the first material stop valve, open the second material stop valve subsequently, thus material is sent in the crushing chamber of pulverizer, pulverizer carries out comminution process to material afterwards, after comminution process terminates, repeat the process of above-mentioned transmission material, material-pulverizing device of the present utility model is by the coordinating operation of the first material stop valve on Transfer pipe and the second material stop valve, the speed that feeds intake to pulverizer and inventory can be controlled, feed intake without the need to another is manual, thus make comminution process time saving and energy saving, greatly increase work efficiency.
Other features and advantages of the present invention are described in detail in detailed description of the invention part subsequently.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Accompanying drawing is used to provide a further understanding of the present invention, and forms a part for description, is used from explanation the present invention, but is not construed as limiting the invention with detailed description of the invention one below.In the accompanying drawings:
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the material-pulverizing device that the utility model provides.
Description of reference numerals
1 crushing chamber 2 receiving tank
3 Transfer pipe 4 sealing plates
5 unidirectional baffle plate 6 first material stop valves
7 second material stop valve 8 conveying members
9 screen pack 10 steam vents
11 discharge valve 12 intake valves
13 protection source of the gas 14 mufflers
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the specific embodiment of the present invention is described in detail.Should be understood that, detailed description of the invention described herein, only for instruction and explanation of the present invention, is not limited to the present invention.
The invention provides a kind of material-pulverizing device, this material-pulverizing device comprises pulverizer, this pulverizer comprises crushing chamber 1, wherein, material-pulverizing device also comprises Transfer pipe 3, this Transfer pipe 3 is communicated with crushing chamber 1, thus this Transfer pipe 3 can transmit material to crushing chamber 1, and the length direction along Transfer pipe 3 in Transfer pipe 3 is provided with the first spaced material stop valve 6 and the second material stop valve 7.The course of work of material-pulverizing device of the present utility model comprises the transmission process of material and the process of comminuting matter, the process that Transfer pipe transmits material to pulverizer is as follows: first in Transfer pipe 3, drop into material, when material arrives the first material stop valve 6, open the first material stop valve 6, now the second material stop valve 7 is in closed condition, when having entered the material of scheduled volume between the first material stop valve 6 and the second material stop valve 7, close the first material stop valve 6, then the second material stop valve 7 is opened, thus material is dropped in the crushing chamber 1 of pulverizer, and then close the second material stop valve 7.Repeat the action of above-mentioned first material stop valve and the second material stop valve and realize the input material of block-by-block.Pulverizer carries out comminution process to the material entered wherein.By the coordinating operation of the first material stop valve and the second material stop valve, can control the speed that feeds intake to pulverizer and inventory, therefore material-pulverizing device of the present utility model is especially applicable to pulverizing the material that needs carry out pulverizing off and on.
Wherein it should be noted that, according to the material properties that will pulverize and size, space between first material stop valve 6 and the second material stop valve 7 or different apart from large I, such as, when needing to pulverize gallium-magnesium alloy to prepare MO source metallo-organic compounds such as () high-purity trimethyl gallium, triethyl-galliums, the pulverizing of pulverizer requires it is once pulverize one block of alloy, now, distance between first material stop valve 6 and the second material stop valve 7 should be set to the size can holding one piece of gallium-magnesium alloy, but the utility model is not limited thereto.In addition, the first material stop valve 6 and the second material stop valve 7 can adopt such as magnetic valve thus automatically can control rate of feeding, but the utility model is not limited thereto.In addition, the shape of Transfer pipe 3 also can determine according to the material that will pulverize, and preferably seals, and such as, when needing to pulverize alloy, can be arranged to pipeline, but also be not limited thereto.
Material-pulverizing device of the present utility model is by the coordinating operation of the first material stop valve 6 on Transfer pipe 3 and the second material stop valve 7, the speed that feeds intake to pulverizer and inventory can be controlled, feed intake without the need to another is manual, thus make comminution process time saving and energy saving, greatly increase work efficiency.
In addition, Transfer pipe 3 can be arranged the devices such as conveyer belt to realize the transmission of material, the utility model provides a kind of embodiment to be: the bottom in Transfer pipe 3 arranges the conveying member 8 of tubulose, the length of this conveying member 8 is arranged along the length direction of Transfer pipe 3, and material is transmitted on the conveying member 8 of this tubulose.The utility model preferably adopts stainless steel tube as conveying member 8, when this is the material in order to need the coefficient of frictions such as transmission alloy larger when Transfer pipe 3, contact area between stainless steel tube can reduce bottom compound material and Transfer pipe 3, to reduce the frictional resistance suffered by material, thus improve the smoothness transmitting material in Transfer pipe 3.Or the length of this conveying member 8 is set to vertically with the length direction of Transfer pipe 3 also can realize above-mentioned functions.
Further, Transfer pipe 3 is set to from the entrance of Transfer pipe 3 downward-sloping to the outlet of Transfer pipe 3 by the utility model, and the angle that Transfer pipe 3 tilts is preferably 30 ° to 50 °, thus, material by the gravity of self free landing in Transfer pipe 3, can realize the effect transmitted with simple structure.
In addition, after material-pulverizing device of the present utility model completes and transmits operation and comminution process, also need to collect the material after pulverizing, and the material after pulverizing is expelled to the outside of pulverizer, to be communicated with crushing chamber 1 so pulverizer of the present utility model also comprises and to be arranged on the receiving tank 2 below crushing chamber 1, can fall in receiving tank 2 after crushing material.In addition, receiving tank 2 is also provided with discharge valve 11, and this blowdown valve 11 preferably adopts magnetic valve, when piling up the material after a certain amount of pulverizing in receiving tank 2, discharge valve 11 automatically can be opened valve and discharge discharging the material after pulverizing.
Pulverizer is in crushing process, most material can be fallen in receiving tank 2, but some material may splash and enter in Transfer pipe 3, the feed blocking Transfer pipe 3 splashed to prevent these, the exit of Transfer pipe 3 can be provided with unidirectional baffle plate 5, and this unidirectional baffle plate 5 can allow material to pass through from Transfer pipe 3 to pulverizer is unidirectional.Unidirectional baffle plate 5 can be the baffle plate of dead-weight, namely, when material promotes unidirectional baffle plate 5, unidirectional baffle plate 5 is opened to pulverizer and material is passed through, and after material to be entered by unidirectional baffle plate 5 and is separated with unidirectional baffle plate 5 in pulverizer, unidirectional baffle plate 5 can be sagging because of deadweight, now Transfer pipe 3 shutoff, because unidirectional baffle plate 5 can only be opened to pulverizer, and can not reverse opening, the material therefore splashed is blocked by unidirectional baffle plate 5 and can not enter in Transfer pipe 3.
In addition, when needing to pulverize material as oxidizable in gallium-magnesium alloy etc., the material-pulverizing device that the utility model provides can also comprise protects source of the gas 13, and this protection source of the gas 13 is communicated with described crushing chamber 1 by intake valve 12 to be opened/closed.Before pulverizer work and in the course of work, open intake valve 12, thus the protective gas (such as inert gas) in protection source of the gas 13 continues to pass in crushing chamber 1, to replace the oxygen in crushing chamber 1, thus it is oxidized to reduce material always.The utility model adopts argon gas as protection gas; protection source of the gas 13 is arranged on receiving tank 2 simultaneously; oxygen in receiving tank 2 and crushing chamber 1, Transfer pipe 3 can all be replaced in air by argon gas; and be filled with argon gas in material-pulverizing device of the present utility model, to prevent material oxidized.
In addition, described Transfer pipe 3 can also be provided with screen pack 9, this screen pack 9 is expelled in air for filtering the dust produced in crushing process in pulverizer by Transfer pipe 3, the course of work very environmental protection of material-pulverizing device of the present utility model.Meanwhile, described Transfer pipe 3 can also be provided with steam vent 10, the oxygen remained in whole material-pulverizing device can be discharged by steam vent 10, thus, make the air inlet in whole material-pulverizing device and exhaust be in poised state.It should be noted that in addition screen pack 9 should relative to steam vent 10 away from Transfer pipe porch be arranged in Transfer pipe 3, thus dust is filtered net 9 stops, and only has gas to be expelled in air by steam vent 10 simultaneously.
In order to prevent oxygen from entering material-pulverizing device better, need the sealing ensureing material reducing mechanism, therefore the utility model arranges sealing plate 4 in the porch of Transfer pipe 3, drop into material in Transfer pipe 3 after, sealing plate 4 is covered in the porch of Transfer pipe 3, then whole material-pulverizing device from charging aperture to discharge outlet in sealing state, and argon gas enters in material-pulverizing device from receiving tank 2, and discharge the gaseous mixture of argon gas and oxygen from exhaust outlet 10, to prevent material oxidized in crushing process.
Further, Transfer pipe 3 and described pulverizer are tightly connected the sealing improving material-pulverizing device.Such as, arrange can adopt the sealing gaskets such as Tetrafluoro spacer at the joint face place of Transfer pipe 3 and pulverizer, Tetrafluoro spacer is high temperature resistant, corrosion-resistant, and can not pollute material.
In addition, pulverizer can also be provided with muffler, thus reduce the noise of comminution process and motor generation, improve working environment.
Transfer pipe, pulverizer and the receiving tank of material-pulverizing device of the present utility model by being communicated with successively, the model of integration of transmission, pulverizing, discharging is achieved in crushing material operation, greatly improve the operating efficiency of crushing material, simultaneously whole crushing process is in sealing and is full of in the environment of inert gas and carries out, therefore comminution process safety and environmental protection, and the oxidized phenomenon of material can be reduced.
Below the preferred embodiment of the present invention is described in detail by reference to the accompanying drawings; but; the present invention is not limited to the detail in above-mentioned embodiment; within the scope of technical conceive of the present invention; can carry out multiple simple variant to technical scheme of the present invention, these simple variant all belong to protection scope of the present invention.
It should be noted that in addition, each concrete technical characteristic described in above-mentioned detailed description of the invention, in reconcilable situation, can be combined by any suitable mode, in order to avoid unnecessary repetition, the present invention illustrates no longer separately to various possible combination.
In addition, also can be combined between various different embodiment of the present invention, as long as it is without prejudice to thought of the present invention, it should be considered as content disclosed in this invention equally.

Claims (10)

1. a material-pulverizing device, this material-pulverizing device comprises pulverizer, this pulverizer comprises crushing chamber (1), it is characterized in that, described material-pulverizing device also comprises Transfer pipe (3), this Transfer pipe (3) is communicated with can transmit material to described crushing chamber (1) with described crushing chamber (1), and the length direction along described Transfer pipe (3) in described Transfer pipe (3) is provided with spaced the first material stop valve (6) and the second material stop valve (7).
2. material-pulverizing device according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, bottom in described Transfer pipe (3) is provided with the conveying member (8) of tubulose, the length of this conveying member (8) is arranged along the length direction of described Transfer pipe (3).
3. material-pulverizing device according to claim 2, it is characterized in that, described Transfer pipe (3) is downward-sloping to the outlet of described Transfer pipe (3) from the entrance of described Transfer pipe (3), and the angle tilted is 30 ° to 50 °.
4. material-pulverizing device according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described pulverizer also comprises and to be communicated with described crushing chamber (1) and to be arranged on the receiving tank (2) of described crushing chamber (1) below, this receiving tank (2) is provided with discharge valve (11).
5. material-pulverizing device according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, the exit of described Transfer pipe (3) is provided with unidirectional baffle plate (5), and this unidirectional baffle plate (5) can allow material to pass through from described Transfer pipe (3) to described pulverizer is unidirectional.
6. material-pulverizing device as claimed in any of claims 1 to 5; it is characterized in that; described material-pulverizing device also comprises protection source of the gas (13), and this protection source of the gas (13) is communicated with described crushing chamber (1) by intake valve to be opened/closed (12).
7. material-pulverizing device according to claim 6, it is characterized in that, described Transfer pipe (3) is provided with screen pack (9) and steam vent (10), described screen pack (9) relative to described steam vent (10) away from described Transfer pipe (3) porch be arranged in described Transfer pipe (3).
8. material-pulverizing device according to claim 6, is characterized in that, the porch of described Transfer pipe (3) is provided with sealing plate (4).
9. material-pulverizing device according to claim 6, is characterized in that, described Transfer pipe (3) and described pulverizer are tightly connected.
10. material-pulverizing device according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described pulverizer is provided with muffler (14).
CN201520762570.4U 2015-09-29 2015-09-29 Material grinding device CN205032269U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520762570.4U CN205032269U (en) 2015-09-29 2015-09-29 Material grinding device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520762570.4U CN205032269U (en) 2015-09-29 2015-09-29 Material grinding device

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CN205032269U true CN205032269U (en) 2016-02-17

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CN201520762570.4U CN205032269U (en) 2015-09-29 2015-09-29 Material grinding device

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106513133A (en) * 2016-11-24 2017-03-22 郑州中拓知识产权代理有限公司 Fish feed crusher for fishery feeding

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106513133A (en) * 2016-11-24 2017-03-22 郑州中拓知识产权代理有限公司 Fish feed crusher for fishery feeding

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