CN205003553U - Controlling means of ability automatically regulated photovoltaic cell board angle - Google Patents

Controlling means of ability automatically regulated photovoltaic cell board angle Download PDF

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Publication number
CN205003553U
CN205003553U CN201520558564.7U CN201520558564U CN205003553U CN 205003553 U CN205003553 U CN 205003553U CN 201520558564 U CN201520558564 U CN 201520558564U CN 205003553 U CN205003553 U CN 205003553U
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China
Prior art keywords
angle
cell panel
support bar
solar panel
oil storage
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CN201520558564.7U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
孙舒柳
冯跃亮
张健
刘惺惺
陆翔
严平
毕炯伟
徐克�
潘建乔
吴昱德
任姚
吴迪
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State Grid Corp of China SGCC
Jiaxing Power Supply Co of State Grid Zhejiang Electric Power Co Ltd
Pinghu Power Supply Co of State Grid Zhejiang Electric Power Co Ltd
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State Grid Corp of China SGCC
Jiaxing Power Supply Co of State Grid Zhejiang Electric Power Co Ltd
Pinghu Power Supply Co of State Grid Zhejiang Electric Power Co Ltd
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Application filed by State Grid Corp of China SGCC, Jiaxing Power Supply Co of State Grid Zhejiang Electric Power Co Ltd, Pinghu Power Supply Co of State Grid Zhejiang Electric Power Co Ltd filed Critical State Grid Corp of China SGCC
Priority to CN201520558564.7U priority Critical patent/CN205003553U/en
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Publication of CN205003553U publication Critical patent/CN205003553U/en
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Abstract

The utility model relates to a controlling means of ability automatically regulated photovoltaic cell board angle, including the transmission system that solar cell panel and control solar cell panel go up and down, the last angle induction system who is used for calculating angle between solar cell panel and the ground that is connected with of solar cell panel, angle induction system links to each other with transmission system, the utility model discloses an advantage: calculate angle between solar cell panel and the ground through angle induction system to through the lift control of transmission system realization to solar cell panel, thereby guaranteed that the solar cell panel moment and sunshine are in vertical position, thereby it is the highest to make solar cell panel's luminous efficacy reach, excellent in use effect.

Description

A kind of control device that automatically can regulate angle of photovoltaic cell panel
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of control device that automatically can regulate angle of photovoltaic cell panel.
Background technology
There is very large contact at the angle of inclination of the generated energy of solar photovoltaic cell panel and solar radiation quantity and cell panel, when the angle of inclination of cell panel is vertical with sunlight time, the generating efficiency of cell panel is the highest, and the mounting means of existing solar photovoltaic cell panel all adopts fixing mode to install, and the angle of inclination that solar photovoltaic cell panel is installed is constant, can not reach maximum generating efficiency, result of use is poor.
Utility model content
The technical problems to be solved in the utility model is just to provide a kind of control device that automatically can regulate angle of photovoltaic cell panel, solves the defect existed when existing solar photovoltaic cell panel is installed.
In order to solve the problems of the technologies described above, the utility model is achieved through the following technical solutions: a kind of control device that automatically can regulate angle of photovoltaic cell panel, comprise the kinematic train of solar panel and the lifting of control solar panel, solar panel is connected with the angle induction device for calculating angle between solar panel and ground, angle induction device is connected with kinematic train.
Preferably, kinematic train comprises oil storage barrel and is movably connected in the support bar in oil storage barrel, the bottom of oil storage barrel and the top of support bar are equipped with support rotary seat, oil storage barrel is provided with the first driven unit driving support bar to do upward movement in oil storage barrel, upper limit baffle plate and lower limit baffle plate is provided with in oil storage barrel, the Control Component of restriction solar panel rising displacement is provided with in oil storage barrel, Control Component is connected with the second driven unit that drived control assembly is rotated counterclockwise, Control Component is rotated counterclockwise rear drive support bar and does descending motion in oil storage barrel, support bar is driven to do upward movement in oil storage barrel by the first driven unit, second driven unit drived control assembly rotates and drives support bar in oil storage barrel, do descending motion, transmission is effective, support the setting of rotary seat, be convenient to the angle change controlling solar panel, the setting of upper limit baffle plate and lower limit baffle plate, effectively can limit the displacement of support bar in oil storage barrel, result of use is good.
Preferably, Control Component comprises the connecting rod be rotatably connected in oil storage barrel and the rotation hook tabs be arranged on connecting rod, support bar is provided with the grab driving and rotate hook tabs and turn clockwise, rotate hook tabs and be provided with the spring resetted for rotation hook tabs, one end of spring is fixedly connected on connecting rod, the other end of spring is fixedly connected on and rotates in hook tabs, support bar rotates at adjacent two the rising achieving a solar panel unit between hook tabs, the setting of grab, ensure that the stationarity of support bar, the setting of spring, ensure that the rotation hook tabs energy return rapidly turned clockwise, structure is simple, control effects is good, spring can storage power can reduce the power of the first driven unit.
Preferably, the gearing that first driven unit comprises the first motor and is connected with the first motor, the displacement that first motor drives support bar to rise is greater than two spacing rotated between hook tabs, first motor rotates forward the rising being realized support bar by gearing, and the displacement that support bar rises is greater than two spacing rotated between hook tabs, effectively can drive the rotation rotating hook tabs.
Preferably, the transmission component that second driven unit comprises the second motor and is connected with the second motor, transmission component is connected with connecting rod and connecting rod is rotated counterclockwise, and the rotating forward of the second motor realizes being rotated counterclockwise of connecting rod by transmission component, connect reliable, unfailing performance is good.
Preferably, the damping fluid that can reduce support bar decline rate is provided with in oil storage barrel, damping fluid is arranged between upper limit baffle plate and lower limit baffle plate, the speed that support bar declines can be effectively reduced, and the power of the first motor in support bar uphill process can be reduced, damping fluid is arranged between upper limit baffle plate and lower limit baffle plate, decreases the loss of damping fluid.
Preferably, support rotary seat is semisphere, and the top of support bar is provided with the U-shaped seat for supporting rotary seat installation, be convenient to support rotary seat rotate, thus control the angle change of solar panel, structure is simple, the setting of U-shaped seat, decreases support bar and occurs break-off, installs reliable.
Preferably, angle induction device comprises the distance harvester be arranged on solar panel, the A/D conversion equipment be connected with distance harvester, computer processing unit is provided with message handler and man-machine dialogue system device, first motor and the second motor are all electrically connected with computer processing unit, A/D conversion equipment is changed the signal of infrared photodiode for realizing, be convenient to computer processing unit process, the length of the length of solar panel and its base first inputted by operating personnel before its work, microsystem can calculate the angle on solar panel and ground after collecting the distance that infrared facility records.
Preferably, distance harvester comprises infrarede emitting diode and infrared photodiode, and A/D conversion equipment is connected with infrared photodiode, and infrarede emitting diode and infrared photodiode are found range effective, and measuring accuracy is high, and result of use is good.
Preferably, solar panel comprises mounting base and is arranged on the solar panel body on mounting base, and infrarede emitting diode is arranged on mounting base, and infrared photodiode is arranged on solar panel body, easy for installation, range finding effect is accurate.
In sum, advantage of the present utility model: calculate angle between solar panel and ground by angle induction device, and realize the elevating control to solar panel by kinematic train, thus ensure that solar panel moment and sunlight are in plumbness, thus making the luminescence efficiency of solar panel reach the highest, result of use is good.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the utility model is described in further detail:
Fig. 1 is a kind of structural representation that automatically can regulate the control device of angle of photovoltaic cell panel of the utility model;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of the utility model kinematic train;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of the utility model angle induction device;
Fig. 4 is the structural representation that the utility model distance harvester is installed.
Embodiment
As shown in Figure 1, Figure 2, Figure 3, Figure 4, a kind of control device that automatically can regulate angle of photovoltaic cell panel, comprise the kinematic train 2 of solar panel 1 and the lifting of control solar panel 1, solar panel 1 is connected with the angle induction device 3 for calculating angle between solar panel 1 and ground, angle induction device 3 is connected with kinematic train.
See Fig. 2 again, the support bar 22 that kinematic train 2 comprises oil storage barrel 21 and is movably connected in oil storage barrel 21, the bottom of oil storage barrel 21 and the top of support bar 22 are equipped with and support rotary seat 23, oil storage barrel 21 is provided with the first driven unit 4 driving support bar 22 to do upward movement in oil storage barrel 21, upper limit baffle plate 24 and lower limit baffle plate 25 is provided with in oil storage barrel 21, be provided with restriction solar panel 1 in oil storage barrel 21 to rise the Control Component 5 of displacement, Control Component 5 is connected with the second driven unit 6 that drived control assembly 5 is rotated counterclockwise, Control Component 5 is rotated counterclockwise rear drive support bar 22 and does descending motion in oil storage barrel 21, support bar is driven to do upward movement in oil storage barrel by the first driven unit, second driven unit drived control assembly rotates and drives support bar in oil storage barrel, do descending motion, transmission is effective, support the setting of rotary seat, be convenient to the angle change controlling solar panel, the setting of upper limit baffle plate and lower limit baffle plate, effectively can limit the displacement of support bar in oil storage barrel, result of use is good.
Control Component 5 comprises the connecting rod 51 be rotatably connected in oil storage barrel 21 and the rotation hook tabs 52 be arranged on connecting rod 51, support bar 22 is provided with the grab 26 driving and rotate hook tabs 52 and turn clockwise, rotate hook tabs 52 and be provided with the spring 53 resetted for rotation hook tabs, one end of spring is fixedly connected on connecting rod, the other end of spring is fixedly connected on and rotates in hook tabs, support bar rotates at adjacent two the rising achieving a solar panel unit between hook tabs, the setting of grab, ensure that the stationarity of support bar, the setting of spring, ensure that the rotation hook tabs energy return rapidly turned clockwise, structure is simple, control effects is good,
The gearing 42 that first driven unit 4 comprises the first motor 41 and is connected with the first motor 41, the displacement that first motor 41 drives support bar 22 to rise is greater than two spacing rotated between hook tabs 52, first motor rotates forward the rising being realized support bar by gearing, and the displacement that support bar rises is greater than two spacing rotated between hook tabs, effectively can drive the rotation rotating hook tabs, the transmission component 61 that second driven unit 6 comprises the second motor 60 and is connected with the second motor, transmission component 61 is connected with connecting rod 51 and connecting rod 51 is rotated counterclockwise, the rotating forward of the second motor realizes being rotated counterclockwise of connecting rod by transmission component, connect reliable, unfailing performance is good.
The damping fluid 20 that can reduce support bar 22 decline rate is provided with in oil storage barrel 21, damping fluid 20 is arranged between upper limit baffle plate 24 and lower limit baffle plate 25, the speed that support bar declines can be effectively reduced, and the power of the first motor in support bar uphill process can be reduced, damping fluid is arranged between upper limit baffle plate and lower limit baffle plate, decrease the loss of damping fluid, supporting rotary seat 23 is semisphere, the top of support bar 22 is provided with the U-shaped seat 27 for supporting rotary seat 23 installation, be convenient to support rotary seat rotate, thus control the angle change of solar panel, structure is simple, the setting of U-shaped seat, decrease support bar and occur break-off, install reliable.
Then Fig. 3 and Fig. 4 is seen, angle induction device 3 comprises the distance harvester 31 be arranged on solar panel 1, the a/d conversion device 32 be connected with distance harvester 31, computer processing unit 33, computer processing unit 33 is provided with message handler and man-machine dialogue system device, first motor and the second motor are all electrically connected with computer processing unit 33, A/D conversion equipment is changed the signal of infrared photodiode for realizing, be convenient to computer processing unit process, the length of the length of solar panel and its base first inputted by operating personnel before its work, microsystem can calculate the angle on solar panel and ground after collecting the distance that infrared facility records, distance harvester 31 comprises infrarede emitting diode 34 and infrared photodiode 35, A/D conversion equipment 32 is connected with infrared photodiode 35, infrarede emitting diode and infrared photodiode are found range effective, measuring accuracy is high, result of use is good, the solar panel body 12 that solar panel 1 comprises mounting base 11 and is arranged on mounting base, infrarede emitting diode 34 is arranged on mounting base, infrared photodiode 35 is arranged on solar panel body 12, easy for installation, range finding effect is accurate.
During use, to the setting of computer processing unit 33, defining of actuation time, because the angle formulae on sunray and ground is: H=90 °-| α (+/-) β |, wherein: α represents local geographic latitude, β represents subsolar point geographic latitude, subsolar point reciprocates between the tropic of Capricorn (23 ° 26, latitude " S) and the tropic of Cancer (23 ° 26, latitude " N), and the set of time in computer processing unit 33 was 1 ~ 10 day cycle.
Solar panel 1 can also connect the device for measurement of electrical energy for measuring solar panel energy, the parameter of solar panel is: power 235W, weight 22kg, long 1.64m, wide 0.992m, when the Spring Equinox and to be assumed to be the energy balane of north latitude 30 ° as follows in solar panel ornaments place: when the Spring Equinox, subsolar point is in equator (0 °, latitude), according to H=90 °-| α (+/-) β | the angle that can calculate sunshine and ground is 60 °, suppose that the erection angle of cell panel is vertical with sunshine, thus make the angle on cell panel and ground be 30 °, the latitude of subsolar point is changed to about 1 °, because the value of solar radiant energy is proportional with the area of its vertical cross-section.
According to P=P ' * (sin Φ-sin Φ '), wherein P ' for 235W, Φ be the angle of original sunshine and cell panel, Φ ' be change after the angle of sunshine and cell panel,
Draw P=235*sin89 °=234.964W,
The energy of difference is: Δ E (sun power of increase)=(235-234.964) * 3600*0.001=0.828kwh=464000J,
The energy raising solar panel is: Δ E (mechanical work)=mgh=19*9.8* (sin32.5 °-sin30 °)=6.945J,
Δ E (sun power of increase) >> Δ E (mechanical work)
The rising principle of solar panel is, first motor 41 rotates forward the rising being realized support bar 22 by gearing 42, when a upper rotation hook tabs 52 of connecting rod 51 encountered by the grab 26 on support bar 22, the spring 53 rotated in hook tabs 52 is extruded, grab 26 turns clockwise, when the grab on support bar 22 is by rotating hook tabs 52, rotate the potential energy rapid upright position of hook tabs 52 due to spring 53, support bar 22 falls the rising realizing a solar panel unit slightly after rise.
The decline principle of solar panel is: the second motor 06 rotates forward and realizes rotating being rotated counterclockwise of hook tabs 52 by transmission component 61, support bar 22 is due to Action of Gravity Field landing, after the grab 26 on support bar 22 slips over current rotation hook tabs 52, rotate hook tabs 52 and be returned to upright position due to the potential energy of spring 53, support bar 22 continues landing and finally rotates hook tabs support by the next one, realizes the decline of a solar panel unit.
Angle between solar panel and ground is calculated by angle induction device, and realize the elevating control to solar panel by kinematic train, thus ensure that solar panel moment and sunlight are in plumbness, thus making the luminescence efficiency of solar panel reach the highest, result of use is good.

Claims (10)

1. one kind can regulate the control device of angle of photovoltaic cell panel automatically, it is characterized in that: comprise solar panel (1) and control solar panel (1) kinematic train (2) that is elevated, solar panel (1) is connected with the angle induction device (3) for calculating angle between solar panel (1) and ground, angle induction device (3) is connected with kinematic train.
2. a kind of control device that automatically can regulate angle of photovoltaic cell panel according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: kinematic train (2) comprises oil storage barrel (21) and is movably connected in the support bar (22) in oil storage barrel (21), the bottom of oil storage barrel (21) and the top of support bar (22) are equipped with and support rotary seat (23), oil storage barrel (21) is provided with the first driven unit (4) driving support bar (22) to do upward movement in oil storage barrel (21), upper limit baffle plate (24) and lower limit baffle plate (25) is provided with in oil storage barrel (21), the Control Component (5) of restriction solar panel (1) rising displacement is provided with in oil storage barrel (21), Control Component (5) is connected with the second driven unit (6) that drived control assembly (5) is rotated counterclockwise, Control Component (5) is rotated counterclockwise rear drive support bar (22) and does descending motion in oil storage barrel (21).
3. a kind of control device that automatically can regulate angle of photovoltaic cell panel according to claim 2, it is characterized in that: Control Component (5) comprises the connecting rod (51) be rotatably connected in oil storage barrel (21) and the rotation hook tabs (52) be arranged on connecting rod (51), support bar (22) is provided with the grab (26) driving and rotate hook tabs (52) and turn clockwise, rotate hook tabs (52) and be provided with the spring (53) resetted for rotation hook tabs, one end of spring is fixedly connected on connecting rod, the other end of spring is fixedly connected on and rotates in hook tabs.
4. a kind of control device that automatically can regulate angle of photovoltaic cell panel according to claim 3, it is characterized in that: the gearing (42) that the first driven unit (4) comprises the first motor (41) and is connected with the first motor (41), the displacement that the first motor (41) drives support bar (22) to rise is greater than two spacing rotated between hook tabs (52).
5. a kind of control device that automatically can regulate angle of photovoltaic cell panel according to claim 3, it is characterized in that: the transmission component (61) that the second driven unit (6) comprises the second motor (60) and is connected with the second motor, transmission component (61) is connected with connecting rod (51) and connecting rod (51) is rotated counterclockwise.
6. a kind of control device that automatically can regulate angle of photovoltaic cell panel according to claim 2, it is characterized in that: be provided with the damping fluid (20) that can reduce support bar (22) decline rate in oil storage barrel (21), damping fluid (20) is arranged between upper limit baffle plate (24) and lower limit baffle plate (25).
7. a kind of control device that automatically can regulate angle of photovoltaic cell panel according to claim 2, it is characterized in that: supporting rotary seat (23) is semisphere, the top of support bar (22) is provided with the U-shaped seat (27) installed for support rotary seat (23).
8. a kind of control device that automatically can regulate angle of photovoltaic cell panel according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: A/D conversion equipment (32), computer processing unit (33) that angle induction device (3) comprises the distance harvester (31) be arranged on solar panel (1), is connected with distance harvester (31), computer processing unit (33) is provided with message handler and man-machine dialogue system device, and the first motor and the second motor are all electrically connected with computer processing unit (33).
9. a kind of control device that automatically can regulate angle of photovoltaic cell panel according to claim 8, it is characterized in that: distance harvester (31) comprises infrarede emitting diode (34) and infrared photodiode (35), and A/D conversion equipment (32) is connected with infrared photodiode (35).
10. a kind of control device that automatically can regulate angle of photovoltaic cell panel according to claim 9, it is characterized in that: solar panel (1) comprises mounting base (11) and is arranged on the solar panel body (12) on mounting base, infrarede emitting diode (34) is arranged on mounting base, and infrared photodiode (35) is arranged on solar panel body (12).
CN201520558564.7U 2015-07-29 2015-07-29 Controlling means of ability automatically regulated photovoltaic cell board angle Active CN205003553U (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105094153A (en) * 2015-07-29 2015-11-25 国网浙江平湖市供电公司 Control apparatus capable of automatically adjusting angle of photovoltaic cell panel
CN111464116A (en) * 2020-03-25 2020-07-28 熊红 Integrated angle modulation frame for solar panel

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105094153A (en) * 2015-07-29 2015-11-25 国网浙江平湖市供电公司 Control apparatus capable of automatically adjusting angle of photovoltaic cell panel
CN105094153B (en) * 2015-07-29 2018-01-02 国网浙江平湖市供电公司 A kind of control device that can automatically adjust angle of photovoltaic cell panel
CN111464116A (en) * 2020-03-25 2020-07-28 熊红 Integrated angle modulation frame for solar panel

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