CN204999924U - Granulating device - Google Patents

Granulating device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204999924U
CN204999924U CN201520479783.6U CN201520479783U CN204999924U CN 204999924 U CN204999924 U CN 204999924U CN 201520479783 U CN201520479783 U CN 201520479783U CN 204999924 U CN204999924 U CN 204999924U
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Prior art keywords
granulation
passage
pelletizer
room
granulating
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CN201520479783.6U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
周松林
刘卫东
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Yanggu Xiangguang Copper Co Ltd
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Yanggu Xiangguang Copper Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201520479783.6U priority Critical patent/CN204999924U/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/50Reuse, recycling or recovery technologies

Abstract

The utility model discloses a granulating device for to the granulation of metal matte, it includes: the granulation room, setting up granulation ware and the cooling device on the lateral wall of granulation room and setting up at the indoor conveyer of granulation, wherein, the setting of granulation ware is in on the lateral wall of granulation room for with the metal matte spout into the granulation room is provided with the condenser tube who is used for absorbing metal matte heat energy on the lateral wall of granulation ware, the granulation ware includes granulation gas passage, feedstock channel and granulation passageway, wherein, states the export and feedstock channel intercommunication of granulation gas passage to feedstock channel's export all communicates with the granulation passageway with the export of granulation gas passage, indoor intercommunication in the granulation passageway and granulation. Condenser tube has been set up in this application on the lateral wall of granulation ware for accessible condenser tube absorbs the heat that the metal matte produced after the metal matte gets into the granulation ware, collects the heat promptly, the waste that can reduce the energy through the aforesaid setting.

Description

A kind of granulating device
Technical field
The utility model relates to Metal smelting technical field, in particular, relates to a kind of granulating device.
Background technology
Need to process a large amount of high-temperature fusants, as the granulated processed of high temperature furnace slag, the granulated processed etc. of metal sulfonium in smelting iron and steel and nonferrous metallurgical process.
Metal sulfonium is the eutectic of the sulfide of non-ferrous metal sulfide and iron, also referred to as molten sulfonium, it is the intermediate product in non-ferrous metal sulfide pyrometallurgical smelting process, needs to smelt further the impurity that removes wherein if iron, sulphur etc. are to obtain final product in nonferrous metallurgical process.The current smelting technology that carries out is more, as PS converter, flash blowing etc.
Flash blowing is that the matte of the melting of smelting furnace output is carried out shrend, in Flash Smelting Furnace, carry out with industrial oxygen or oxygen-rich air blow mode after levigate drying, this mode, and can the production blister copper of self-heating, the technique of most energy-conserving and environment-protective and being widely adopted continuously as most effective in the world.Wherein, the granulation of copper matte regulus is an important procedure of this technique.What traditional copper matte regulus granulation adopted is " shrend " mode; but in copper matte regulus granulating, not only there is explosion phenomenon; granulation effect is poor; produce bulk copper matte regulus; equipment failure rate is higher, affects the problem of production operation, in addition; because high-temperature fusant carries a large amount of heat energy, the mode of " shrend " is adopted to make energy dissipation.
Therefore, how improving granulation effect and reduce energy dissipation, is the current technical issues that need to address of those skilled in the art.
Utility model content
In view of this, the utility model provides a kind of granulating device, to improve granulation effect and to reduce energy dissipation.
For achieving the above object, the utility model provides following technical scheme:
A kind of granulating device, for the granulation to metal sulfonium, is characterized in that, comprising:
Granulation room;
Be arranged on the sidewall of described granulation room, for metal sulfonium being sprayed into the indoor pelletizer of described granulation, the sidewall of described pelletizer is provided with the water-cooled tube for absorbing described metal sulfonium heat energy, described pelletizer comprises granulation gas passage, feeding-passage and granulation passage, wherein, the outlet of described granulation gas passage is communicated with described feeding-passage, and the outlet of the outlet of described feeding-passage and described granulation gas passage all with granulation channel connection, described granulation passage is communicated with described granulation chamber interior;
Be arranged on the sidewall of described granulation room, and with the refrigerating unit of metal sulfonium of described pelletizer homonymy for cooling described pelletizer and spraying;
Be arranged on described granulation indoor for transporting the conveyer through the cooled granulated metal sulfonium of described refrigerating unit;
Be arranged on described granulation room roof and the side of described pelletizer is provided with exhaust-duct.
Preferably, in above-mentioned granulating device, the entrance end of described granulation gas passage is connected with pressurized gas pipeline with natural gas line.
Preferably, in above-mentioned granulating device, described granulation gas passage is parallel with described granulation passage and connect, described feeding-passage) perpendicular to described granulation gas passage.
Preferably, in above-mentioned granulating device, described feeding-passage) internal diameter be less than the internal diameter of described granulation passage.
Preferably, in above-mentioned granulating device, between described granulation gas passage and described natural gas line, be provided with natural gas valve, between described granulation gas passage and described pressurized gas pipeline, be provided with high pressure gas valve.
Preferably, in above-mentioned granulating device, described e Foerderanlage away from the height of one end of described pelletizer higher than near the height of described pelletizer one end.
Preferably, in above-mentioned granulating device, the angle of inclination of described e Foerderanlage is 30 °.
Preferably, in above-mentioned granulating device, described water-cooled tube is connected with waste-heat recovery device.
Preferably, in above-mentioned granulating device, also comprise and be arranged on described granulation indoor, and be positioned at the grid of described exhaust-duct ingress.
Known via above-mentioned technical scheme, the utility model discloses a kind of granulating device, for the granulation to metal sulfonium, it comprises: granulation room, be arranged on pelletizer and the refrigerating unit on the sidewall of granulation room and be arranged on the indoor conveyer of granulation, wherein, pelletizer is arranged on the sidewall of described granulation room, for metal sulfonium is sprayed into described granulation room, the sidewall of pelletizer is provided with the water-cooled tube for absorbing metal sulfonium heat energy, pelletizer comprises granulation gas passage, feeding-passage and granulation passage, wherein, the outlet stating granulation gas passage is communicated with feeding-passage, and the outlet of feeding-passage with granulation gas passage outlet all be granulated channel connection, granulation passage is communicated with granulation chamber interior.On the sidewall of pelletizer, be provided with water-cooled tube in the application, make the heat absorbing the generation of metal sulfonium after metal sulfonium enters pelletizer by water-cooled tube, namely heat is collected, low-energy waste can be subtracted by above-mentioned setting.
Accompanying drawing explanation
In order to be illustrated more clearly in the utility model embodiment or technical scheme of the prior art, be briefly described to the accompanying drawing used required in embodiment or description of the prior art below, apparently, accompanying drawing in the following describes is only embodiment of the present utility model, for those of ordinary skill in the art, under the prerequisite not paying creative work, other accompanying drawing can also be obtained according to the accompanying drawing provided.
The structural representation of the granulating device that Fig. 1 provides for the utility model embodiment;
The structural representation of the pelletizer that Fig. 2 provides for the utility model embodiment.
Embodiment
Core of the present utility model is to provide a kind of granulating device, to improve granulation effect and to reduce energy dissipation.
Below in conjunction with the accompanying drawing in the utility model embodiment, be clearly and completely described the technical scheme in the utility model embodiment, obviously, described embodiment is only the utility model part embodiment, instead of whole embodiments.Based on the embodiment in the utility model, those of ordinary skill in the art are not making the every other embodiment obtained under creative work prerequisite, all belong to the scope of the utility model protection.
As depicted in figs. 1 and 2; the utility model discloses a kind of granulating device; for the granulation to metal sulfonium; it comprises: be granulated room 5, be arranged on pelletizer 1 and the refrigerating unit 2 on the sidewall of granulation room 5 and be arranged on the conveyer 3 be granulated in room 5; wherein; pelletizer 1 is for spraying in granulation room 5 by metal sulfonium; to be granulated metal sulfonium; in addition; the sidewall of pelletizer 5 is provided with the water-cooled tube 104 for absorbing metal sulfonium heat energy, and this water-cooled tube 104 is connected with waste-heat recovery device.In addition, above-mentioned refrigerating unit 2 can cool the metal sulfonium sprayed from pelletizer 1, and to make the metal sulfonium cooling granulation of melting, concrete, this refrigerating unit 2 is positioned at pelletizer 1 homonymy being granulated room 5.Metal sulfonium after granulation is delivered to next process by the conveyer 3 be arranged in granulation room 5.On the sidewall of pelletizer 1, water-cooled tube 104 is provided with in the application; make the heat absorbing the generation of metal sulfonium after metal sulfonium enters pelletizer 1 by water-cooled tube 104; and the heat of absorption is stored in waste-heat recovery device; namely heat is collected, low-energy waste can be subtracted by above-mentioned setting.
In specific embodiment, this pelletizer 1 comprises granulation gas passage 103, feeding-passage 101 and granulation path 10 2.Wherein, the entrance end of granulation gas passage 103 is connected with pressurized gas pipeline with natural gas line; and the outlet being granulated gas passage 103 is communicated with feeding-passage 101; and the outlet of the outlet of feeding-passage 101 and granulation gas passage 103 be granulated path 10 2 and be all communicated with; in addition, the outlet of this granulation path 10 2 is communicated with inside, granulation room 5.By above-mentioned setting; Sweet natural gas enters granulation gas passage 103 pairs of pelletizers 1 by natural gas line and carries out preheating; then after stopping the supply of Sweet natural gas; high pressure compressed gas is filled with in granulation gas passage 103; make metal sulfonium be contacted with high pressure compressed gas by feeding-passage 101 again, and dispelled by high pressure compressed gas and pass through granulation path 10 2 be drained into granulation room 5.There is provided herein a kind of concrete structure of pelletizer, in practice, as long as can ensure to enter after metal sulfonium can be dispelled by gas granulation room 5, therefore, as long as the structure that can meet this core is all in protection domain.Particularly, the sidewall of this granulation room 5 is provided with multiple water-cooled tube 104, preferably, these water-cooled tubes 104 is evenly arranged.
Granulation gas passage 103 in the application is parallel and connect, concrete with granulation path 10 2, and granulation gas passage 103 and granulation path 10 2 are straight pipeline, and both centerline axis parallel layouts.And above-mentioned feeding-passage 101 is perpendicular to granulation gas passage 103, namely this feeding-passage 101 is flat tube, and central axis upright is in the central axis of granulation gas passage 103.By above-mentioned setting, granulation gas passage 103, granulation path 10 2 and feeding-passage 101 three are formed T-shaped.By above-mentioned setting, the structure of whole pelletizer 1 can be simplified, and can ensure that gas and metal sulfonium can enter granulation path 10 2, to ensure that the metal sulfonium of melting can be dispelled simultaneously.
In further embodiment; the diameter of this feeding-passage 101 is less than the internal diameter of granulation path 10 2; to prevent the problem that metal sulfonium flows backwards under the effect of high pressure gas; namely in order to improve the granulation effect of pelletizer 1 pair of molten metal sulfonium and reduce potential safety hazard; the internal diameter of feeding-passage 101 prevent molten metal sulfonium along feeding-passage 101 upwards splash, so must be less than granulation path 10 2 internal diameter.Concrete, the internal diameter of the granulation gas passage 103 in the application is also less than the internal diameter of this granulation path 10 2.Concrete size for feeding-passage 101, granulation path 10 2 and granulation gas passage 103 three can set according to different needs, and all in protection domain.
This pelletizer 1 is comprised shell and liner by the basis of technique scheme, and wherein, shell is the housing of iron, copper or iron copper mixing, and liner is the liner of refractory materials.The pelletizer 1 selecting differing materials can be needed in practice according to different, and all in protection domain.
For the ease of controlling, in the application, between granulation gas passage 103 and natural gas line, be provided with natural gas valve, and be provided with high pressure gas valve between granulation gas passage 103 and pressurized gas pipeline.In granulating, first open natural gas valve, pass through granulation gas passage 103 to make Sweet natural gas and enter pelletizer 1, and preheating is carried out to pelletizer 1, then close natural gas valve, open high pressure gas valve, make high pressure gas pass through granulation gas passage 103 and enter pelletizer 1; And then make metal sulfonium enter pelletizer 1 by feeding-passage 101, under the effect of high pressure gas, dispel metal sulfonium, now, the water-cooled tube 104 be arranged on pelletizer 1 sidewall absorbs heat and completes withdrawal to heat, and is entered granulation room 5 by the metal sulfonium that high pressure gas dispel by granulation path 10 2; Now, the metal sulfonium drop of the tiny melting water that device 2 sprays that is cooled continues cooling, thus forms particulate state, completes the granulating of metal sulfonium.Concrete, this refrigerating unit 2 is water pipe, and this refrigerating unit 2 is arranged on the below of pelletizer, forms cascade and metal sulfonium liquid is lowered the temperature through cascade, form particle, on the conveyer 3 dropped in granulation room 5 when water pipe ejection water.
Further in embodiment, e Foerderanlage 3 disclosed in above-described embodiment is set to tilt, concrete, this e Foerderanlage 3 away from the height of one end of pelletizer 1 higher than the height of one end near pelletizer 1.The water arranging water pipe discharge so then can move downward and be separated with granular metal sulfonium; also can prevent large quantity of moisture from being caused the loss of moisture by taking granulation room 5 out of with metal sulfonium particle, or metal sulfonium is discharged with water and cause the loss of metal sulfonium particle and the pollution of environment simultaneously.
In preferred embodiment, the angle of inclination of e Foerderanlage 3 is set to 30 °, concrete, this e Foerderanlage 3 is belt, scraper plate or spiral plate.Preferably, can belt be selected, and the angle of inclination of belt is set to 30 °.It will be appreciated by persons skilled in the art that in practice can according to the different angles of inclination needing setting different.For e Foerderanlage 3 number the application and be not specifically limited.
In order to optimize technique scheme further, the roof being granulated room 5 disclosed in the application is provided with exhaust-duct 4 away from the side of pelletizer 1, and to be communicated with granulation room 5 inner and extraneous in this exhaust-duct 4.The metal sulfonium of melting is when high pressure gas winding-up and water pipe cooling; a large amount of water vapour will be produced; for reducing the loss of water; at the other end of granulation room 5; namely the end top, granulation room 5 away from pelletizer 1 arranges exhaust-duct; to extend the time that water vapour runs in granulation room 5, ensure water vapour cooling, cohesion, make the moisture condensation carried secretly in gas become liquid sedimentation in granulation room 5.
Simultaneously in order to better reduce the steam of entrained with in gas, can in granulation room 5, exhaust-duct 4 ingress arranges grid 6, by carrying secretly of steam in the filteration reduction gas of grid 6.
Water-cooled tube in the application and refrigerating unit need to control separately, to realize different effects.
In this specification sheets, each embodiment adopts the mode of going forward one by one to describe, and what each embodiment stressed is the difference with other embodiments, between each embodiment identical similar portion mutually see.
To the above-mentioned explanation of the disclosed embodiments, professional and technical personnel in the field are realized or uses the utility model.To be apparent for those skilled in the art to the multiple amendment of these embodiments, General Principle as defined herein when not departing from spirit or scope of the present utility model, can realize in other embodiments.Therefore, the utility model can not be restricted to these embodiments shown in this article, but will meet the widest scope consistent with principle disclosed herein and features of novelty.

Claims (9)

1. a granulating device, for the granulation to metal sulfonium, is characterized in that, comprising:
Granulation room (5);
Be arranged on described granulation room (5) sidewall, for metal sulfonium being sprayed into the pelletizer (1) in described granulation room (5), the sidewall of described pelletizer (1) is provided with the water-cooled tube (104) for absorbing described metal sulfonium heat energy, described pelletizer (1) comprises granulation gas passage (103), feeding-passage (101) and granulation passage (102), wherein, the outlet of described granulation gas passage (103) is communicated with described feeding-passage (101), and the outlet of described feeding-passage (101) is all communicated with granulation passage (102) with the outlet of described granulation gas passage (103), described granulation passage (102) is communicated with described granulation room (5) inside,
Be arranged on described granulation room (5) sidewall, and with the refrigerating unit (2) of metal sulfonium of described pelletizer (1) homonymy for cooling described pelletizer (1) and spraying;
Be arranged in described granulation room (5) for the conveyer (3) of transport through the cooled granulated metal sulfonium of described refrigerating unit (2);
Be arranged on described granulation room (5) roof and the side of described pelletizer (1) is provided with exhaust-duct (4).
2. granulating device according to claim 1, is characterized in that, the entrance end of described granulation gas passage (103) is connected with pressurized gas pipeline with natural gas line.
3. granulating device according to claim 1; it is characterized in that; described granulation gas passage (103) is parallel with described granulation passage (102) and connect, and described feeding-passage (101) is perpendicular to described granulation gas passage (103).
4. granulating device according to claim 3, is characterized in that, the internal diameter of described feeding-passage (101) is less than the internal diameter of described granulation passage (102).
5. granulating device according to claim 2; it is characterized in that; be provided with natural gas valve between described granulation gas passage (103) and described natural gas line, between described granulation gas passage (103) and described pressurized gas pipeline, be provided with high pressure gas valve.
6. granulating device according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described conveyer (3) away from the height of one end of described pelletizer (1) higher than near the height of described pelletizer (1) one end.
7. granulating device according to claim 6, is characterized in that, the angle of inclination of described conveyer (3) is 30 °.
8. granulating device according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described water-cooled tube (104) is connected with waste-heat recovery device.
9. granulating device according to claim 8, is characterized in that, also comprises and being arranged in described granulation room (5), and is positioned at the grid (6) of described exhaust-duct (4) ingress.
CN201520479783.6U 2015-07-06 2015-07-06 Granulating device Active CN204999924U (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106755662A (en) * 2016-12-27 2017-05-31 中冶南方工程技术有限公司 The resource recovery device and method of Copper converter smelting slag

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106755662A (en) * 2016-12-27 2017-05-31 中冶南方工程技术有限公司 The resource recovery device and method of Copper converter smelting slag

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