CN204994247U - Garlic harvesting machine - Google Patents

Garlic harvesting machine Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN204994247U
CN204994247U CN201520554172.3U CN201520554172U CN204994247U CN 204994247 U CN204994247 U CN 204994247U CN 201520554172 U CN201520554172 U CN 201520554172U CN 204994247 U CN204994247 U CN 204994247U
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
cutter
frame
garlic
digging harvester
knife
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201520554172.3U
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
郭广泉
张德昆
王世博
刘洪涛
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Xuzhou Ling Hua Machinery Science And Technology Ltd
Original Assignee
Xuzhou Ling Hua Machinery Science And Technology Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Xuzhou Ling Hua Machinery Science And Technology Ltd filed Critical Xuzhou Ling Hua Machinery Science And Technology Ltd
Priority to CN201520554172.3U priority Critical patent/CN204994247U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN204994247U publication Critical patent/CN204994247U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Abstract

The utility model discloses a garlic harvesting machine, including frame (1), control mechanism (2), transport mechanism (3), fork form cutter (4), vibration mechanism (5) and soil screening mechanism (6), control mechanism (2) transport mechanism (3) and install in frame (1), fork form cutter (4) is installed in frame (1) the place ahead, links to each other with vibration mechanism (5), soil screening mechanism (6) installs in frame (1), fork form cutter (4) rear, and install at soil screening mechanism (6) rear transmission device (3). Its control method does: control fork form cutter (4) uses the knife tip to carry out periodic vibration from top to bottom as axle, cutter body when advancing, and its vibration period is 0.2 to 3 hertz, and the vibration range is not more than 15 degrees. The utility model discloses can alleviate the injury to the garlic betterly, reduce equipment power consumption simultaneously.

Description

Garlic digging harvester
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of crop harvesting device, and specifically a kind of garlic digging harvester, belongs to agricultural machinery technological field.
Background technology
Garlic is the most frequently used flavouring of people and health products, is also a kind of common economic crops in rural area, the northern area of China.Shandong Province's plantation garlic 246.5-253.5 ten thousand mu in 2014, Jiangsu Pizhou City plantation more than 40 ten thousand mu, garlic.Visible, garlic has become a major economic crops in some places.Tradition garlic harvesting method is by artificial results, but rural laborer's price rises year by year, and adult labour's price, garlic harvest season to every day 100 yuan, brings heavy financial burden to garlic farmers.In prior art, garlic mechanized harvest method still adopts traditional ploughing work mode, is ploughed by garlic with colter, by thrust by moving after garlic, removing soil, then sends storage device to; Take the harvesting apparatus of this mode will overcome the resistance of soil, colter moves ahead will inevitably to the earthing extruding around garlic.Because garlic is more fragile, this extruding force is easy to cause the infringement to garlic.
Summary of the invention
The utility model object is to provide a kind of garlic digging harvester, the infringement using this device to gather in the crops garlic can to reduce garlic.
For achieving the above object, a kind of garlic digging harvester of the utility model, comprise frame, operating-controlling mechanism and connecting gear, forked cutter, vibrating mechanism and clod-riddler structure, described connecting gear is arranged in frame; Forked Cutting tool installation manner, in frame front, is connected with vibrating mechanism; Clod-riddler structure is arranged in frame, forked cutter rear, and connecting gear is arranged on clod-riddler structure rear.
The control method of said apparatus is: controlling forked cutter take point of a knife as axle, and cutter hub carries out periodic up-down vibration when advancing, and its vibration period is 0.2 to 3 hertz, and Oscillation Amplitude is not more than 15 degree.
The utility model adopts forked cutter to carry out ploughing soil from garlic root, and forked cutter carries out periodic jerky motion in the process of advancing, and shakes the earthing around loose garlic, makes garlic and earthing initial gross separation, alleviates the infringement suffered by garlic; In addition, the resistance of front soil suffered by cutter will be far smaller than prior art and adopt and plough soil and go out resistance suffered by garlic mode, alleviates the extruding force suffered by garlic, further mitigates the infringement suffered by garlic.Simultaneously, to do work although cutter moves in the vertical direction, but because planting garlic is more shallow, general about 10 centimeters of vertical direction earthing, its pressure is very little, Integrated comparative, and suffered by the utility model cutter, resistance is still much smaller than resistance described in prior art cutter, harvest equipment power consumption can be reduced, saved the energy.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the utility model structural representation;
Fig. 2 is the utility model operating-controlling mechanism theory of constitution figure;
Fig. 3 is the forked cutter structure schematic diagram of the utility model;
Fig. 4 is the utility model vibrating mechanism schematic diagram;
Fig. 5 is the utility model cutter hub structural scheme of mechanism.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the utility model is further described: as shown in Figure 1, a kind of garlic digging harvester, comprise frame 1, operating-controlling mechanism 2, connecting gear 3, forked cutter 4, vibrating mechanism 5 and clod-riddler structure 6, described connecting gear 3 is arranged in frame 1, forked cutter 4 is installed on frame 1 front, is connected with vibrating mechanism 5; Clod-riddler structure 6 is arranged in frame 1, forked cutter 4 rear, and connecting gear 3 is arranged on clod-riddler structure 6 rear (in figure, lower right is front).
Described operating-controlling mechanism 2 can select mechanical manipulation platform or electronic control platform.When selecting mechanical manipulation platform, operating-controlling mechanism 2 is arranged in frame 1, and this Method compare is directly perceived, meets the custom of traditional work personnel; Electronic control platform comprises wired and wireless two kinds of modes, and when selecting wired mode, operating-controlling mechanism 2 is arranged in frame 1, and this mode and mechanical manipulation platform are high when select to have intelligence degree compared with wireless mode, are easy to the feature of manipulation; During electronic control platform selecting wireless mode, as shown in Figure 2, operating-controlling mechanism 2 comprises information gathering parts 21, information transmit-receive parts 22, control assembly 23 and remote control unit 24, and information gathering parts 21 gather garlic digging harvester self and environmental information and send to control assembly 23; Control assembly 23 carries out information exchange by information transmit-receive parts 22 and remote control unit 24, and controls garlic digging harvester running.This mode manipulates personnel and need not be sitting on harvesting apparatus, can carry out harvest operation by remote control harvesting apparatus; Particularly when large area operation, as long as operating personnel stays in and indoor just can control harvesting apparatus according to monitor message and complete harvest operation.
Described vibrating mechanism 5 can select chain wheel driving mechanism as shown in Figure 1, also cam mechanism as shown in Figure 3 can be selected, other can also be selected as rocking bar, swing arm, eccentric wheel, electromagnetism vibration exciter, hydraulic pressure vibration exciter, hydraulic vibrator etc., chain wheel driving mechanism is convenient to adjustable brake amplitude and frequency, so the utility model vibrating mechanism 5 preference chain wheel drive mechanism.
Described forked cutter 4 comprises toolframe 41, handle of a knife 42, connecting rod 43 and some cutter hubs 44, and toolframe 41 is arranged on frame 1 or clod-riddler structure 6 by governor motion; Connecting rod 43 one end is fixedly connected with handle of a knife 42, and the other end is provided with pin-and-hole 45, and by pin 46 and toolframe 41 pin joint.
Described cutter hub 44 comprises linkage section 441, smooth section 442, changeover portion 443 and point of a knife 444, connects successively, and point of a knife 444 and changeover portion 443 removably connect; Point of a knife 444 is excessive with ground angle, and the resistance that soil gives cutter can become very large, increases equipment power dissipation; Point of a knife 444 is too small with ground angle, does not have the object of having ploughed soil, is advisable so point of a knife 444 and ground angle are spent with 2 to 8.Because other equipment also will be installed in cutter 4 rear, so the curved design of changeover portion 443, point of a knife 444 and smooth section 442 form 7 to 45 angles of spending, and can promote the height of linkage section 441, give the space that forked cutter 4 rear is enough.
Because forked cutter 4 however stop ground up-down vibration, so have very galling between pin-and-hole 45 and connecting pin 46, wear ring 47 is set between pin-and-hole 45 and connecting pin 46, wear ring 47 and pin-and-hole 45 interference fit, only wear and tear during vibration connecting pin 46 and wear ring 47, change during this two this serious wear, avoid changing connecting rod 43.
When forked cutter 4 vibrates, and can form a gap between clod-riddler structure 6, the head of garlic of results easily drops from gap.For avoiding this situation, between described forked cutter 4 and clod-riddler structure 6, be provided with transition member 7; Transition member 7 can be screen cloth or canvas, and screen cloth can screen out soil property further, and canvas is little to garlic damage.
The control method of said apparatus is: controlling forked cutter take point of a knife as axle, cutter hub carries out periodic up-down vibration, its vibration frequency is according to soil property and the shape of tool, material setting, the too high easy damage point of a knife of frequency, underfrequency does not reach the object of shaking loose earthing, and in soil the Vibration Condition of the utility model to point of a knife is tested, and result of the test is as shown in table 1, composite score, described forked cutter pitch frequency is 0.2 ~ 3 hertz.The amplitude of jolting of forked cutter is excessive, also can cause the infringement to point of a knife, and test shows that point of a knife damaged condition obviously increases the weight of when the amplitude of jolting is greater than 15 degree, so the amplitude of jolting of forked cutter is not more than 15 degree.
Table 1, point of a knife vibration test is added up

Claims (9)

1. a garlic digging harvester, comprise frame (1), operating-controlling mechanism (2), connecting gear (3) and clod-riddler structure (6), operating-controlling mechanism (2) connecting gear (3) is arranged in frame (1), it is characterized in that, also comprise forked cutter (4) and vibrating mechanism (5); Forked cutter (4) is installed on frame (1) front, is connected with vibrating mechanism (5); Clod-riddler structure (6) is arranged in frame (1), forked cutter (4) rear, and transmission mechanism (3) is arranged on clod-riddler structure (6) rear.
2. garlic digging harvester according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described operating-controlling mechanism (2) comprises information gathering parts (21), information transmit-receive parts (22), control assembly (23) and remote control unit (24), and Information Monitoring is sent to control assembly (23) by information gathering parts (21); Control assembly (23) carries out information exchange by information transmit-receive parts (22) and remote control unit (24), and control appliance running.
3. garlic digging harvester according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described vibrating mechanism (5) is chain wheel driving mechanism.
4. garlic digging harvester according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described forked cutter (4) comprises toolframe (41), handle of a knife (42), connecting rod (43) and some cutter hubs (44), and toolframe (41) is arranged on frame (1) or clod-riddler structure (6) by governor motion; Connecting rod (43) one end is fixedly connected with handle of a knife (42), and the other end is provided with pin-and-hole (45), and by pin (46) and toolframe (41) pin joint.
5. garlic digging harvester according to claim 4, it is characterized in that, described cutter hub (44) comprises linkage section (441), smooth section (442), changeover portion (443) and point of a knife (444), connect successively, point of a knife (444) and changeover portion (443) removably connect; Described point of a knife (24) and ground are 2 to 8 spend angle, form 7 to 45 angles of spending with smooth section (22).
6. garlic digging harvester according to claim 5, is characterized in that, arranges wear ring (47) between pin-and-hole (45) and connecting pin (46), wear ring (47) and pin-and-hole (45) interference fit.
7. garlic digging harvester according to claim 6, is characterized in that, described wear ring (47) material is polymer P TEE.
8. garlic digging harvester according to claim 1, is characterized in that, is provided with transition member (7) between described forked cutter (4) and clod-riddler structure (6).
9. garlic digging harvester according to claim 8, is characterized in that, described transition member (7) is screen cloth.
CN201520554172.3U 2015-07-28 2015-07-28 Garlic harvesting machine Expired - Fee Related CN204994247U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520554172.3U CN204994247U (en) 2015-07-28 2015-07-28 Garlic harvesting machine

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520554172.3U CN204994247U (en) 2015-07-28 2015-07-28 Garlic harvesting machine

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN204994247U true CN204994247U (en) 2016-01-27

Family

ID=55151165

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201520554172.3U Expired - Fee Related CN204994247U (en) 2015-07-28 2015-07-28 Garlic harvesting machine

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN204994247U (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106332595A (en) * 2016-08-30 2017-01-18 赵通岭 Chinese yam digging and harvesting machine

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106332595A (en) * 2016-08-30 2017-01-18 赵通岭 Chinese yam digging and harvesting machine
CN106332595B (en) * 2016-08-30 2018-08-28 赵通岭 A kind of fiber crops Chinese yam seizing machine

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN204482330U (en) Oscillatory type carrot results excavating gear
CN108293400A (en) Potato harvest and residual film recovery combine machine
CN105027797A (en) Garlic harvester and control method thereof
CN204994247U (en) Garlic harvesting machine
CN202722024U (en) Burdock harvester
CN203243701U (en) Garlic harvester
CN202476039U (en) Tea field plowing machine
CN202232148U (en) Elastic digging shovel type potato harvester
CN203105107U (en) Small vibrating screen type tuber crop harvesting machine
CN102656999B (en) Vibrating fruit tree harvester
CN202444778U (en) Dual-purpose harvester for potato and tubers traditional Chinese medicine
CN202222144U (en) Burdock harvesting machine
CN204259403U (en) A kind of Green Chinese onion harvester
CN204408937U (en) A kind of shallot excavator
CN102523765B (en) Tillage machine for tea field
CN202773424U (en) Vibrating type fruiter harvest device
CN201097496Y (en) Harvester for peanut
CN2852637Y (en) Potato harvester
CN202979666U (en) Scallion harvester
CN201894073U (en) Tuber crop harvester
CN205961717U (en) Novel stubble cleaner
CN204887978U (en) Leaf top -cutting machine is beaten to beet
CN204741797U (en) A cutter for gathering in crops subsurface crops
CN208597337U (en) A kind of betel nut picking machine
CN105993380B (en) A kind of cutter of corn picker

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20160127

Termination date: 20170728