CN204959798U - Basement superelevation outer wall self -supporting unilateral component die body system - Google Patents

Basement superelevation outer wall self -supporting unilateral component die body system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204959798U
CN204959798U CN201520709252.1U CN201520709252U CN204959798U CN 204959798 U CN204959798 U CN 204959798U CN 201520709252 U CN201520709252 U CN 201520709252U CN 204959798 U CN204959798 U CN 204959798U
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steel
basement
stull
formwork
triangular frame
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CN201520709252.1U
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李俊龙
李伟
张东亮
陈上达
梁颍川
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ANHUI TIANZHU CONSTRUCTION GROUP Co Ltd
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ANHUI TIANZHU CONSTRUCTION GROUP Co Ltd
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Abstract

The utility model relates to a basement superelevation outer wall self -supporting unilateral component die body system mainly includes steel form, shaped steel A -frame, pre -buried drawknot muscle and stock, and shaped steel A -frame comprises vertical support, stull and bracing, and the steel form sets up near the basement outer wall, is equipped with the channel -section steel stull between steel form and the shaped steel A -frame vertical support, and claw fixed connection is connected with the channel -section steel stull through a few word roof beams to the steel form, and the channel -section steel stull is passed through the template fastener with A -frame vertical support and is connected, the stock is buried underground in original envelope, and the stock end connects the length through the reinforcing bar sleeve, and the anchor is on shaped steel A -frame vertical support, the one end of pre -buried drawknot muscle through one foraminiferous steel channel beam anchor on retaining pile, other end anchor is on shaped steel A -frame vertical support, be equipped with pre -buried screw rod in the pile foundation under the basement bottom plate, pre -buried screw rod anchor is in shaped steel A -frame's stull.

Description

Basement superelevation exterior wall self-supporting single side formwork system
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of basement superelevation exterior wall self-supporting single side formwork system.Be applicable to outer wall of basement height template construction, especially basement carries out the high template construction of single side formwork.Basement superelevation exterior wall self-supporting single side formwork system of the present utility model has good water proofing property and stability, reduces numerous holes that traditional mold method produces, improves efficiency of construction, have good technology and economic benefit.
Background technology
What China generally adopted for construction wall construction is the method for Screw arbor with nut at both-ends bilateral formwork, in basement wall construction, due to the development of space enclosing structure, the situation that distance between outer wall of basement and supporting and protection structure is very limited can be run into, usually distance is at 5cm-20cm, cause cannot carrying out formwork erection in outer wall of basement outside, add the complexity of underground environment, bring no small difficulty to outer wall of basement formwork construction.
Mold method common in current engineering has bar planting on soldier pile, anchoring is carried out at template back surface after spreading is carried out to it, inner side of outer wall is full framing, this method is equivalent to carry out bilateral formwork construction, but its operation more complicated, take up room large, the time of consumption is many, body of wall has many tension ribs, this water resistance for exterior wall is unfavorable.Be exactly only carry out single side formwork in addition, the oblique 45 ° of pre embedded bolts inserting base plate in template bottom are fixed, although this method can well resist vertical displacement and the horizontal movement of template, but the defect of this method is the destruction of pre-embedded bolt to base plate, the water resistance of base plate is caused to reduce.Having is exactly adopt template to be wooden form in construction again, causes formwork erection height-limited, the bad guarantee of concrete surface quality.The defect of above-mentioned several method all various degrees, well can not meet the Design and Features requirement of outer wall of basement.
So need a kind of new construction method to solve, for this reason in conjunction with the advantage of traditional through-wall bolt formwork system and common single side formwork system, adopt pre-buried tie bar on soldier pile, and utilize original anchor pole to fix steel form, combine lateral pressure during opposing concreting, stone bolt is directly cast-in-place or insert in underfloor pile foundation in the mode of bar planting, to reduce the damage to base plate.Effectively can ensure the stability of template and the water resistance of exterior wall.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this utility model overcomes the deficiencies in the prior art, provides a kind of outer wall of basement single side formwork system, and this system can improve waterproof effect by accelerating construction progress.
In order to realize above-mentioned technical purpose, the utility model have employed following technical scheme:
Basement superelevation exterior wall self-supporting single side formwork system, it is characterized in that, described system mainly comprises steel form, section steel triangular frame, pre-buried tie bar and anchor pole, section steel triangular frame is formed by erecting support, stull and diagonal brace, steel form is arranged near outer wall of basement, steel form and section steel triangular frame are provided with channel-section steel stull between erecting and supportting, and steel form is connected pawl with channel-section steel stull by a few word beam and is fixedly connected with, and channel-section steel stull is connected by formwork with fastener-style with perpendicular support of A-frame; Anchor pole is embedded in original space enclosing structure, and termination point of anchor rod carries out spreading by reinforced bar sleeve, is anchored in the perpendicular support of section steel triangular frame; One end of pre-buried tie bar is anchored on fender post by one steel channel beam with holes, and the other end is anchored in the perpendicular support of section steel triangular frame; Be provided with pre embedded bolt in pile foundation under basement bottom board, pre embedded bolt is anchored in the stull of section steel triangular frame.
Further, steel form is shaping combined steel shuttering, can be assembled into the steel form of any size and shape by connector.
One end of pre embedded bolt has been embedded in the pile foundation under base plate by bar planting or cast-in-place mode.
Section steel triangular frame is assembled by standard sections.
The upper surface of pre embedded bolt and contacts baseplate be provided with embedded steel plate with holes.
Chock is provided with between section steel triangular frame stull and base plate.
The construction method of utility model above-mentioned basement superelevation exterior wall self-supporting single side formwork system, comprises the following steps:
1) prepare before construction: tension rib, anchor pole, screw rod etc. are pre-buried complete, the foreign material on establishment officer's cleaning base plate and on exterior wall, organizing construction's equipment and materials arrival;
2) anchor pole spreading construction: the anchor pole fixed end being used for going along with sb. to guard him foundation ditch is removed fixing, uses and undertaken being threaded or welding by reinforced bar sleeve with the reinforcing bar of anchor pole same diameter, anchor pole is lengthened;
3) chock is laid: by the bar shaped flitch processed according on the neat armpit angle being laid on base plate of spacing of design and base plate plane, armpit angle place flitch has the use iron nail of contact both to be fixed together;
4) shaping combined steel shuttering construction: size shaping combined steel shuttering being assembled into needs according to designing requirement, uses lifting appliance to be lifted and puts in place, uses temporary support to be fixed;
5) double flute steel stull construction: the channel-section steel processed is mounted to back-to-back form, and be connected and fixed by several word beam connection pawl and shaping combined steel shuttering;
6) section steel triangular frame construction: by the standard knot of section steel triangular frame according to designing requirement installation, and lifted to the stull of double flute steel, both are connected and fixed by formwork with fastener-style;
7) screw rod is fixed: the verticality being regulated section steel triangular frame and shaping combined steel shuttering by the fastening bolt on base plate screw rod, and fixing section steel triangular frame, remove temporary support;
8) top is fixed: be anchored at respectively on section steel triangular frame by the anchor pole of pre-buried tie bar and lengthening;
9) concreting: constructor stands on the working platform on section steel triangular frame and carries out concreting, while build, limit vibratory compaction, in time building to exterior wall top, installs the sealing piece on tension rib and anchor pole, continues pouring construction afterwards;
10) form removal: when concrete exterior wall strength of wall body reaches strength of mould stripping, carry out form removal, during form removal, follows correct dismounting order, ensures safety;
11) repair: after form removal, uses cement mortar by floating for built-in steel Board position on base plate, and it is floating the anchor pole of exterior wall top tension rib and spreading to be blocked rear cement mortar.
The utility model fixes the bottom bracket of substrate high and big die plate by screw rod embedding in the pile foundation under base plate; Make full use of the anchor pole in original foundation pit enclosure structure, the tension rib be embedded in the foundation soil of anchor pole top will be combined after its spreading fix the upper bracket of high and big die plate.
the utility model has following beneficial effect and feature:
(1) the utility model formwork system is in the upper extent of template, has pre-buried tension rib, and there is steel channel beam one end of tension rib at soldier pile end, can be used for fixing set shaped steel formwork top, to resist lateral pressure during concreting.
(2) in formwork system of the present utility model, original support anchor rod is carried out lengthening and makes full use of, make it be fixed in the stull of double flute steel, make it resist concrete lateral pressure together with pre-buried tie bar.
(3) the pre embedded bolt bottom that the utility model adopts is anchored in the pile foundation under base plate, and to prevent the destruction to base plate, also can increase the anchored force of anchor pole, the verticality of set shaped steel formwork can be regulated by the adjustment silk on screw rod.
(4) in the utility model formwork system, there is pre-buried embedded steel plate in face, adjusting screw underfooting, and can effectively prevent concentrated force to the destruction of base plate, the later stage can also repair.
(5) in the utility model formwork system, there is chock below set shaped steel formwork and steel bracket stull, both stability can well be ensured, prevent from damaging base plate.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the lateral view of the utility model formwork system;
Fig. 2 is the plan view at the utility model formwork system pre-buried tie bar position;
Fig. 3 is the profile of the utility model formwork system pre-embedded steel slab;
In figure: 1-steel channel beam; 2-pre-buried tie bar; The rear-mounted sealing piece of 3-; 4-shaping combined steel shuttering; 5-bolt; The perpendicular support of 6-section steel triangular frame; 7-gib headed bolt; 8-section steel triangular frame diagonal brace; 9-pre embedded bolt; 10-section steel triangular frame chock; 11-foundation soil; 12-anchor pole; The anchor rod anchored end of 13-; 14-fender post; 15-water-proof leveling layer; 16-steel plate for sealing water; 17-external wall construction stitches; The main muscle of 18-pile foundation; 19-pile foundation; 20-bed course; 21-reinforced bar sleeve; The embedded steel plate of 22-; The stull of 23-section steel triangular frame; The stull of 24-double flute steel; 25-steel form chock; 26-base plate; 27-adjusting screw pin; 28-cement mortar; 29-exterior wall.
Specific embodiment
Present embodiment pile foundation and fender post reinforcing bar binding and shaping, bed course and base plate steel bar binding and casting process, the construction technologies such as waterproof homework are not repeated in the present embodiment, and emphasis sets forth the structural implementation of the utility model template system, and coordinate accompanying drawing to be described in detail as follows:
Fig. 1 is the lateral view of the utility model formwork system, and Fig. 2 is the plan view at the utility model formwork system pre-buried tie bar position, and Fig. 3 is the profile of the utility model formwork system pre-embedded steel slab.
With reference to a kind of basement superelevation exterior wall self-supporting single side formwork system shown in Fig. 1, Fig. 2, Fig. 3, before exterior wall formwork construction, embedded anchor bar 12 and pre-buried tie bar 2, level interval 1500mm outside space enclosing structure, adopts Φ 22 reinforcing bar, 15 °, inclination angle.Pre-buried tie bar 2 adopts Φ 22 reinforcing bar, level interval 950mm, and the steel channel beam 1 of its end adopts 12# channel-section steel to make, and has the hole of determining deviation thereon, so that fixing pre-buried tie bar 2.Pre embedded bolt 9 arranges two rows, adopt Φ 25 reinforcing bar, level interval 1500mm, vertical spacing 1900mm, adopt shaping combined steel shuttering 4, double flute steel stull 24 on it adopts 12# channel-section steel, and pre-buried embedded steel plate 22 specification on base plate 26 is 200mm*200mm*5mm, and its arrangement pitch is with pre embedded bolt 9.Section steel triangular frame use standard sections can increase the height to needing.
Pre embedded bolt 9 under base plate, if pile foundation 19 is bored piles, then screw rod 9 imbeds pile foundation in the mode of bar planting after amputation filling pile head, if pile foundation 19 is prefabricated pile tubes, then screw rod 9 carries out pre-buried when prefabricated tubular pile carries out fill concrete, its pre-buried degree of depth is more than 300mm, ensures that it has enough uplift resistances.As the embedded anchor bar 12 of supporting and protection structure, its spreading to section steel triangular frame is erected after the fixing releasing of its end beyond support 6 by reinforced bar sleeve 21, so that anchoring.Sealing piece 3 on pre-buried tie bar 2 adopts rear-mounted.
When installing shaping combined steel shuttering 4, first by section steel triangular frame chock 10 fixing at close outer wall of basement armpit angle place, then with lifting appliance, shaping combined steel shuttering 4 lifting is put in place, and then support with falsework, double flute steel stull 24 is installed, connects pawl by a few word beam and shaping combined steel shuttering 4 is connected with double flute steel stull 24.Chock 10 is laid in the scope of section steel triangular frame stull 23.Then lift that section steel triangular frame erects support 6, section steel triangular frame diagonal brace 8, section steel triangular frame stull 23 are assembled into entirety, by formwork with fastener-style, double flute steel stull 24 and section steel triangular frame are erected support 6 and link together.By pre embedded bolt 9, section steel triangular frame stull 23 is fixed, regulates the adjusting screw pin 27 on it, make the verticality that shaping combined steel shuttering 4 reaches predetermined.When building outer wall of basement, first clean out the foreign material on external wall construction seam 17, then build.Sealing piece 3 on tension rib 2 is not first installed before building exterior wall, prevents it on the impact of casting process, in time building the position that will reach pre-buried tie bar 2, then sealing piece 3 is installed.When outer wall of basement has been built and form removal completes, the part that pre embedded bolt 9 exposes embedded steel plate is blocked, and by cement mortar 28, the space on embedded steel plate has been filled.
Basement superelevation exterior wall self-supporting single side formwork system, main construction course is as follows:
1) prepare before construction: pre-buried tie bar 2, anchor pole 12, screw rod 9 etc. are pre-buried complete, the foreign material on establishment officer's cleaning base plate 26 and on exterior wall 29, organizing construction's equipment and materials arrival.
2) anchor pole spreading construction: anchor pole 12 fixed end being used for going along with sb. to guard him foundation ditch is removed fixing, uses and undertaken being threaded or welding by reinforced bar sleeve 21 with the reinforcing bar of anchor pole 12 same diameter, anchor pole 12 is lengthened.
3) chock is laid: by the steel form chock 25 processed according on the neat armpit angle being laid on base plate 26 of spacing of design and base plate 26 plane, armpit angle place steel form chock 25 has the use iron nail of contact both to be fixed together.
4) shaping combined steel shuttering construction: size shaping combined steel shuttering 4 being assembled into needs according to designing requirement, uses lifting appliance to be lifted and puts in place, uses temporary support to be fixed.
5) double flute steel stull construction: the double flute steel stull 24 processed is mounted to back-to-back form, and be connected and fixed by several word beam connection pawl and shaping combined steel shuttering 4.
6) section steel triangular frame construction: section steel triangular frame is erected support 6, diagonal brace 8, stull 23 standard knot according to designing requirement installation, and lifted to double flute steel stull 24, both are connected and fixed by formwork with fastener-style.
7) screw rod is fixed: the verticality being regulated section steel triangular frame 23 and shaping combined steel shuttering 4 by the fastening bolt on pre embedded bolt 9, and fixing section steel triangular frame, remove temporary support.
8) top is fixed: pre-buried tie bar 2 is anchored at section steel triangular frame respectively with the anchor pole 12 lengthened and erects in support 6.
9) concreting: constructor stands on the working platform on section steel triangular frame 6 and carries out concreting, while build, limit vibratory compaction, in time building to exterior wall 29 top, rear-mounted sealing piece 3 on pre-buried tie bar 2 and anchor pole 12 is installed, continues pouring construction afterwards.
10) form removal: when concrete exterior wall 29 strength of wall body reaches strength of mould stripping, carry out form removal, during form removal, follows correct dismounting order, ensures safety.
11) repair: after form removal, uses cement mortar by floating for the position of steel plate 22 embedded on base plate 26, and it is floating the anchor pole 12 of exterior wall 29 top pre-buried tie bar 2 and spreading to be blocked rear cement mortar.

Claims (6)

1. a basement superelevation exterior wall self-supporting single side formwork system, it is characterized in that, described system mainly comprises steel form, section steel triangular frame, pre-buried tie bar and anchor pole, section steel triangular frame is formed by erecting support, stull and diagonal brace, steel form is arranged near outer wall of basement, steel form and section steel triangular frame are provided with channel-section steel stull between erecting and supportting, and steel form is connected pawl with channel-section steel stull by a few word beam and is fixedly connected with, and channel-section steel stull is connected by formwork with fastener-style with perpendicular support of A-frame; Anchor pole is embedded in original space enclosing structure, and termination point of anchor rod carries out spreading by reinforced bar sleeve, is anchored in the perpendicular support of section steel triangular frame; One end of pre-buried tie bar is anchored on fender post by one steel channel beam with holes, and the other end is anchored in the perpendicular support of section steel triangular frame; Be provided with pre embedded bolt in pile foundation under basement bottom board, pre embedded bolt is anchored in the stull of section steel triangular frame.
2. a kind of basement superelevation exterior wall self-supporting single side formwork system according to claim 1, is characterized in that: steel form is shaping combined steel shuttering, can be assembled into the steel form of any size and shape by connector.
3. a kind of basement superelevation exterior wall self-supporting single side formwork system according to claim 1, is characterized in that: one end of pre embedded bolt has been embedded in the pile foundation under base plate by bar planting or cast-in-place mode.
4. a kind of basement superelevation exterior wall self-supporting single side formwork system according to claim 1, is characterized in that: section steel triangular frame is assembled by standard sections.
5. a kind of basement superelevation exterior wall self-supporting single side formwork system according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the upper surface of pre embedded bolt and contacts baseplate be provided with embedded steel plate with holes.
6. a kind of basement superelevation exterior wall self-supporting single side formwork system according to claim 1, is characterized in that: be provided with chock between section steel triangular frame stull and base plate.
CN201520709252.1U 2015-09-11 2015-09-11 Basement superelevation outer wall self -supporting unilateral component die body system Active CN204959798U (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105350576A (en) * 2015-11-18 2016-02-24 杭州江润科技有限公司 Construction method of basement variable height difference joint section inclined bottom plate
CN110878631A (en) * 2019-12-02 2020-03-13 中国水利水电第八工程局有限公司 Template system for construction of side wall on side of opening and construction method

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105350576A (en) * 2015-11-18 2016-02-24 杭州江润科技有限公司 Construction method of basement variable height difference joint section inclined bottom plate
CN105350576B (en) * 2015-11-18 2017-12-08 杭州江润科技有限公司 Basement becomes discrepancy in elevation joining section toe board panel construction method
CN110878631A (en) * 2019-12-02 2020-03-13 中国水利水电第八工程局有限公司 Template system for construction of side wall on side of opening and construction method

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