CN204957852U - Multi -functional truck automatic loading machine - Google Patents

Multi -functional truck automatic loading machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204957852U
CN204957852U CN201520546791.8U CN201520546791U CN204957852U CN 204957852 U CN204957852 U CN 204957852U CN 201520546791 U CN201520546791 U CN 201520546791U CN 204957852 U CN204957852 U CN 204957852U
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China
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described
material
mechanism
supporting plate
flexible supporting
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CN201520546791.8U
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Chinese (zh)
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曹勇
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天津欧思诺科技开发有限公司
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Priority to CN201520546791.8U priority Critical patent/CN204957852U/en
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Publication of CN204957852U publication Critical patent/CN204957852U/en

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Abstract

The utility model provides the utility model discloses an automatic the carloader is including just expecting device, pendulum material device, loading device and controlling means, controlling means is used for controlling the operation of whole material carloader, just expect the device and locating the upper reaches of pendulum material device for be the material vertically according to predetermined mode or carry laterally to pendulum material device, pendulum material device is used for putting into predetermined array with the material, the loading device is used for transporting preset position with the material array. The loading device of automatic loading machine includes telescopic support plate mechanism, through the width of adjustment telescopic support plate mechanism, can carry out the loading to the haulage vehicle of the multiple specification that carriage width is different. The utility model discloses the automatic loading machine is applicable to has the definite shape, for example the automatic of square material is carried, and labour saving and time saving reduces intensity of labour.

Description

Multifunctional truck automatic loading machine

Technical field

The utility model relates to a kind of automatic loading machine, particularly a kind of Multifunctional truck automatic loading machine.

Background technology

At present, when most of factories material dispatches from the factory, still adopt manual type to carry out loading, putting, it is large that this loading, disposing way also exist labor strength, inefficient defect.For the material of the powder materials such as cement, due to dust raising phenomenon, have a strong impact on workman healthy.

The problems such as existing part factory brings into use S. A. and full automaticity handler, but ubiquity mechanism is complicated, and operation is various, and fault rate is high.

In addition, existing S. A. and full-automatic material loader can only adapt to a kind of vehicle of specific standard, such as fix the vehicle of clear span size (2.2m) in compartment, the vehicle of other width all cannot entrucking, significantly limit automatic loading machine field of application.

Summary of the invention

In view of the above problems, the present utility model people devises a kind of automatic loading machine, with the structure design simplified, completes the loading of automatic material or puts; Particularly provide a kind of automatic loading machine, the material entrucking (such as, clear span 1.8m ~ 3.0m in compartment, corresponding vehicle commander 4.2m ~ 17.5m) of applicable different size vehicle.

For this reason, the present utility model people provides a kind of automatic loading machine, and it comprises: pendulum materials device, loading apparatus and control setup; Described control setup is for controlling the operation of whole automatic loading machine;

Described pendulum materials device is used for material to put into default array, and the material array set is delivered to described loading apparatus;

It is characterized in that,

Described loading apparatus comprises lifting mechanism, flexible supporting plate mechanism and setting element;

Described lifting mechanism drives described flexible supporting plate mechanism dipping and heaving;

Described flexible supporting plate mechanism comprises flexible supporting plate, width adjustment mechanism and shedding mechanism;

Described width adjustment mechanism is used for the specification according to transport trolley, regulates the width of described flexible supporting plate;

Described shedding mechanism is for being released into the desired location of transport vehicle by the material on described flexible supporting plate;

Described setting element is for locating and controlling the position of described flexible supporting plate mechanism relative to transport vehicle.

In above-mentioned automatic loading machine, preferably, described shedding mechanism comprises striker plate, exits guide rail, exits motor and exit Timing Belt, described in exit motor pass through described in exit Timing Belt drive described flexible supporting plate described to exit on guide rail movable.

In above-mentioned automatic loading machine, preferably, described flexible supporting plate comprises the expansion plate at adapter plate and described adapter plate two ends.

In above-mentioned automatic loading machine, preferably, described width adjustment mechanism comprises screw mandrel, nut, the wide motor of tune and adjusts wide Timing Belt, the expansion plate at described two ends is fixedly connected with described nut, the wide motor of described tune drives described screw mandrel forward or reverse in described nut by the wide Timing Belt of described tune, the expansion plate driving two ends in opposite directions near or dorsad away from, regulate the width of flexible supporting plate thus.Preferentially, described flexible supporting plate is provided with track adjusting wheel, and described expansion plate stretches by track adjusting wheel row.

In above-mentioned automatic loading machine, preferably, described lifting mechanism comprises plumbing arm, lifting motor, chain drive, guide rail and pulley, described chain drive is connected with plumbing arm, described guide rail is positioned on plumbing arm, coordinates with described pulley, and described flexible supporting plate mechanism is arranged on described plumbing arm, described lifting motor drives described plumbing arm dipping and heaving by described chain drive, drives described flexible supporting plate mechanism dipping and heaving thus.

In above-mentioned automatic loading machine, preferably, described plumbing arm is also provided with material controlling to gather dust mechanism, described material controlling mechanism of gathering dust comprises crop control plate, material controlling cylinder, dust collection cover and dust-collecting pipe, described material controlling cylinder can drive crop control plate vertically to move up and down, described dust collection cover is arranged on described crop control plate, and is connected with dust-collecting pipe.

In above-mentioned automatic loading machine, preferably, also comprise transverse positioning mechanism, described transverse positioning mechanism comprises cross slide way, synchronous cross band, cross motor and lateral positioning element, by described lateral positioning element, relative to transport trolley two, located lateral is carried out to loading apparatus, described cross motor drives loading apparatus relative to transport vehicle transverse shifting by synchronous cross band, and adjustment loading apparatus is relative to the horizontal relative position of transport vehicle.

In above-mentioned automatic loading machine, preferably, described pendulum materials device comprises the first braking roller, the first pusher, the second braking roller and the second pusher, described first pusher is for pushing the material be delivered to according to the mode preset on described first braking roller to described second brake drum, material puts into material array by predetermined manner on described second braking roller, and described second pusher is for being delivered to described loading apparatus by the material array on described second brake drum; Preferably, described first pusher and described second pusher comprise pusher support, pusher cylinder, push pedal, pusher motor and pusher Timing Belt; Described pusher air cylinder driven push pedal vertical lifting, described pusher motor drives push pedal to reciprocate in the horizontal direction by pusher Timing Belt.

In above-mentioned automatic loading machine, preferably, also comprise positive materials device, for material is delivered in described pendulum materials device according to the mode preset, preferably be delivered on described first braking roller, described positive materials device comprises upstream photoelectric switch, just expects guide plate, positive glassware and downstream photoelectric switch, and described positive glassware comprises positive stock column and cylinder, described in described air cylinder driven, positive stock column stretches, and controlling material is thus vertical or horizontal conveying.Preferably, the external part of described positive stock column is fixed with roller.

In above-mentioned automatic loading machine, preferably, also comprise pressure packaging to put, described pressure packaging is put and is comprised transmission belt machine, pressure bag belt feeder, photoelectric switch and guide plate, belt on the opposite face of described transmission belt machine and described pressure bag belt feeder moves in the same way, pass for material, described photoelectric switch is used for counting material, and controls speed or rhythm that pressure packaging puts supply material.

In above-mentioned automatic loading machine, preferably, also comprise steering hardware, turn to for making mass transport direction, described steering hardware comprises motor, drop guide, cylinder and guiding scraper-trough conveyer, described drop guide comprises belt pulley and belt, and described motor drives described belt around described pulley movements; Described drop guide and described cylinders, control the sensing of described pusher belt by described cylinder.

In above-mentioned automatic loading machine, preferably, also have forward-reverse mechanism, described forward-reverse mechanism comprises motor and guide rail.Described belt feeder, pressure packaging are put, positive closure device, pendulum packaging are put and be arranged on guide rail successively with loading apparatus, and under the control of setting element and under the driving of motor, can move forward and backward along guide rail.

Technique scheme, can realize the automatic loading of bagged material, case dress material or other shaping materials, time saving and energy saving, reduces labour intensity.

In technique scheme, the flexible supporting plate width-adjustable of loading apparatus, is applicable to the entrucking of plurality of specifications vehicle.Can ensure that all trucies can entrucking on the market, without the need to increasing extras more like this.Such as, 3 gears can be divided to regulate the width of flexible supporting plates, for being 1.8m to span width in compartment; 2.2m; Three kinds of specification vehicles of 2.7m carry out entrucking.

Accompanying drawing explanation

Figure 1A, Figure 1B are schematic front view and the schematic side view of the automatic loading machine of the utility model exemplary embodiment respectively.

Fig. 2 A, Fig. 2 B are schematic front view and the schematic side view of steering hardware in the utility model exemplary embodiment respectively.

Fig. 3 A, Fig. 3 B are that in the utility model exemplary embodiment, pressure packs the schematic front view and schematic side view of putting respectively.

Fig. 4 A, 4B are schematic front view and the schematic side view of positive closure device in the utility model exemplary embodiment respectively.

Fig. 5 A is that in the utility model exemplary embodiment, pendulum packs the schematic front view of putting.

Fig. 5 B, Fig. 5 C first push away the schematic diagram that bag device, second pushes away bag device during the pendulum packaging of the utility model exemplary embodiment is put.

Fig. 5 D is the plan sketch of an example of material bag array.

Fig. 6 A, Fig. 6 B are schematic front view and the schematic side view of loading apparatus in the utility model exemplary embodiment respectively.

Fig. 6 C is the schematic side view of flexible supporting plate in embodiment.

Description of reference numerals: steering hardware 1; Motor 11; Lead bag device 12; Cylinder 13; Guiding scraper-trough conveyer 14; Belt feeder 2; Pressure packaging puts 3; Pressure bag belt feeder 31; Transmission belt machine 32; Photoelectric switch 33; Pressure bag guide plate 34; Positive closure device 4; Upstream photoelectric switch 41; Positive closure guide plate 42; Positive closure device 43; Positive closure post 431; Positive closure cylinder 432; Roller 433; Downstream photoelectric switch 44; Positive closure belt 45; Pendulum packaging puts 5; First braking roller 51; First pushes away bag device 52; Second braking roller 53; Second pushes away bag device 54; Push pedal 521,541; Push away bag cylinder 522,542; Push away bag motor 523,543; Push away bag support 524,544; Push away bag Timing Belt 525,545; Loading apparatus 6; Lifting mechanism 61; Lifting motor 611; Upright guide rail 612; Chain drive structure 613; Pulley 614; Laser positioning sensor 621; Laser range sensor 622; Crossbeam 63; Cross slide way 631; Synchronous cross band 632; Cross motor 633; Control bag gathers dust mechanism 64; Control wrapper sheet 641; Control bag cylinder 642; Dust collection cover 643; Dust-collecting pipe 644; Flexible supporting plate mechanism 65; Flexible supporting plate 651; Gear wrapper sheet 652; Exit guide rail 653; Exit motor 654; Exit Timing Belt 655; Adapter plate 66; Expansion plate 661; Screw mandrel 662; Nut 663; Track adjusting wheel 664; Adjust wide Timing Belt 665; Adjust wide motor 666; Plumbing arm 67; Control setup 7; Forward/backward mechanism 8, motor 81, guide rail 82.

Detailed description of the invention

Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, an exemplary embodiment of the present utility model is specifically described.

As an exemplary embodiment of the present utility model, Figure 1A, Figure 1B display be a kind of packed powder material (such as cement bag) automatic loading machine, it comprises steering hardware 1, belt feeder 2, pressure packaging put 3, positive closure device 4, pendulum packaging put 5, loading apparatus 6, control setup 7 and forward/backward mechanism 8; Described forward-reverse mechanism 8 comprises motor 81, guide rail 82.Described belt feeder 2, pressure packaging put 3, positive closure device 4, pendulum packaging put 5 and loading apparatus 6 be arranged on successively on guide rail 82, and under the driving of motor 81, can to move forward and backward along guide rail 82; The operation of control setup 7 to whole automatic loading machine controls.

In use, material bag is introduced belt feeder 2 by described steering hardware 1 one by one, be delivered to pressure packaging to put and 3 to be exhausted, to flatten, through positive closure device 4, material bag is put 5 according to the mode preset in longitudinally (minor face of material is front) or horizontal (the long limit of material is front) being delivered to pendulum packaging again, described pendulum packaging is put 5 and material bag is put into the default array of one deck, and the material bag array set is delivered to described loading apparatus 6; By loading apparatus 6, described material bag array is transported and is placed on the target location of transport vehicle again.After piling up ground floor material bag, and then carry out putting of second layer material bag, so successively put, until pile up to predetermined number of layers, complete piling up of first row material bag; Then, under the control of laser positioning sensor 621, automatic loading machine moves to target location along guide rail 82 toward rear, compartment, carries out piling up of secondary series material bag.So repeatedly pile up, until load the material bag of preset weight/bag number.

Specifically:

Described steering hardware 1, its structure, as shown in Fig. 2 A, Fig. 2 B, comprises motor 11, leads bag device 12, cylinder 13 and guiding scraper-trough conveyer 14, described in lead bag device 12 and comprise belt pulley and belt, described motor 11 drives described belt around described pulley movements; Described bag device 12 of leading is connected with cylinder 13, leads the sensing of bag device 12 by described cylinder 13 described in being controlled.Leading bag device 12 described in described cylinder 13 makes is inclined in the course of material, material is turned under the guiding leading bag device 12 and from guiding scraper-trough conveyer 14 landing.It should be noted that, according in the situation of place, the conveying of material bag also may not need to turn to.Now then without the need to arranging steering hardware 1.

Described belt feeder 2 is conventional structure, does not repeat them here.

Described pressure packaging puts 3 as shown in Fig. 3 A, Fig. 3 B, comprises transmission belt machine 32 and is positioned at pressure bag belt feeder 31, photoelectric switch 33 and the guide plate 34 above described transmission belt machine 32.

Described transmission belt machine 32 moves in the same way with the belt on the opposite face of pressure bag belt feeder 31, and material bag is smooth from being extruded when passing between the two.

As required, described pressure packaging puts the photoelectric switch 33 that 3 are provided with counting, detecting after by the material bag of predetermined quantity (as 2 bags or 3 bags), controlling described transmission belt machine 32 and pressure bag belt feeder 31 and to stop certain time length (as 1 second), then continue to run.Control like this puts speed or the rhythm of 3 supply materials by described pressure packaging, is beneficial to follow-up positive closure and puts carrying out in batches smoothly of bag.

After pressure packaging puts 3, material bag is extruded compact, smooth, is conducive to piling up better.But it should be noted that, for case dress material or material that is not yielding, airborne dust, this pressure can not be established to pack and put 3.

Putting the material after 3 by pressure packaging guides continuation to transmit to downstream through pressure bag guide plate 34, enters positive closure device 4.

The structure of positive closure device 4 is as shown in Fig. 4 A, 4B, comprise upstream photoelectric switch 41, positive closure guide plate 42, positive closure device 43, positive closure belt 45, downstream photoelectric switch 44, the outlet of described positive closure guide plate 42 is suitable with the minor face width of material, and the material after positive closure guide plate 42 is down carried in longitudinal (minor face of material is front).Positive closure device 43 is located at above positive closure belt 45, and described positive closure device 43 comprises positive closure post 431 and positive closure cylinder 432, and positive closure cylinder 432 drives described positive closure post 431 relative to described positive closure belt 45 transversal stretching.The external part of described positive closure post 431 is optionally fixed with roller 433.When positive closure post 431 is retracted, then can not interfere with the material longitudinally carried.When positive closure post 431 stretches out, the roller 433 on positive closure post 431 can block one jiao of material, thus makes material that the rotation of 90 degree occur, and down carries with changing transverse direction (the long limit of material is front) into.Described photoelectric switch 41 can calculate the quantity of the material by positive closure guide plate 42, as required, after by the material (such as 2 bags, 4 bags or 6 bags) of predetermined quantity, positive closure post 431 stretches out or retracts, make the material on positive closure belt 45 with the mode preset be vertical or horizontal be delivered to pendulum packaging put 5 (as 3 bags longitudinally-2 bags laterally-2 bags laterally-3 bags are longitudinal).

Described pendulum packaging puts 5 structures as shown in Figure 5A, comprise the first braking roller 51, first push away bag device 52, second brake roller 53 and second push away bag device 54, first brake roller 51 connect with positive closure device 4.Transport material on the first braking roller 51 by positive closure device 4, and by downstream photoelectric switch 44, the material bag passed through is counted, after the first braking roller 51 passes through the material of predetermined number (as laterally 2 bags or longitudinally 3 bags), first pushes away bag device 52 starts, this row's material is pushed on the second braking roller 53, so repeatedly carries out.Material is synchronously put into default array (such as, being arranged in the array of shape as shown in Figure 5 D) by the second brake drum 53 on the second brake drum 53, then second pushes away bag device 54 and starts, by mass transport to described loading apparatus 6.

As shown in Fig. 5 B, Fig. 5 C, it is the first schematic diagram pushing away that bag device 52 and second pushes away bag device 54, be respectively equipped with and push away bag support 524,544 and can relative to the push pedal 521,541 pushing away bag support 524,544 vertical lifting by what push away that bag cylinder 522,542 drives, described push pedal 521,541 push away bag motor 523,543 and push away bag Timing Belt 525,545 effect under move forward and backward in the horizontal direction.In use procedure, push pedal 521,541 and material are in same level height, push pedal 521,541 push away bag motor 523,543 and push away bag Timing Belt 525,545 driving under move, material is pushed to desired location, push pedal 521,541 is driven to rise with pusher bag cylinder 522,542, push away bag motor 523,543 and push away bag Timing Belt 525,545 driving under horizontal direction return, and under the driving pushing away bag cylinder 522,542 under roll back original position.

The structure of described loading apparatus 6, as shown in Fig. 6 A, Fig. 6 B, comprises lifting mechanism 61, flexible supporting plate mechanism 65 and laser range sensor 622.

Described lifting mechanism 61 comprises plumbing arm 67, lifting motor 611, chain drive 613, guide rail 612 and pulley 614, described chain drive 613 is connected with plumbing arm 67, described guide rail 612 is positioned on described plumbing arm 67, coordinate with described pulley 614, described flexible supporting plate mechanism 65 is arranged on described plumbing arm 67, described lifting motor 611 drives described plumbing arm 67 to do dipping and heaving by described chain drive, drives the dipping and heaving of described flexible supporting plate mechanism 65 thus.

Described flexible supporting plate mechanism 65 comprises flexible supporting plate 651, gear wrapper sheet 652, exits guide rail 653, exits motor 654, exits Timing Belt 655.Described gear wrapper sheet 652 is fixedly mounted on described plumbing arm 67.Described flexible supporting plate 651 can be arranged on slidingly back and forth and exit on guide rail 653, exits motor 654 and drives flexible supporting plate 651 movable on guide rail 653 by exiting Timing Belt 655; Described laser range sensor 622 is located on described flexible supporting plate mechanism 65, for locating and control the position of flexible supporting plate mechanism 65.

Preferably, described plumbing arm 67 is provided with control bag and gathers dust mechanism 64, it control bag cylinder 642 comprising control wrapper sheet 641 and control wrapper sheet 641 can be driven vertically to move up and down.Described control wrapper sheet 641 and the end face of the material bag array be stacked on flexible supporting plate 651 are separated by a comparatively small―gap suture, its role is to flexible supporting plate 651 retrude described hereinafter and cause to make material bag pile up to prevent material bag from turning over when until loading vehicles etc. or upwards arch upward piling up irregular.Control wrapper sheet 641 is also fixed with dust collection cover 643, and dust collection cover 643 is connected with dust-collecting pipe 644, for siphoning away the airborne dust produced when material bag is piled up.

Described loading apparatus 6 in use, lifting mechanism 61 drives flexible supporting plate mechanism 65 to suitable height, flexible supporting plate 651 and pendulum are packed put 5 second to brake that roller 53 is coplanar to connect, then second bag device 54 action is pushed away, material bag array is pushed on flexible supporting plate 651, this time control wrapper sheet 641 declines and stops at a distance of a more closely-spaced place at the end face with material bag array under control bag cylinder 642 promotes, and dust collection cover 643 and dust-collecting pipe 644 work, to be siphoned away by airborne dust; Then described flexible supporting plate mechanism 65 declines under the driving of lifting mechanism 61, until laser range sensor 622 records flexible supporting plate 651 bottom surface and the below distance enough near (within 5cm) with reference to object (as cabin floor or the material bag previously piled up), now exit motor 654 to start working, flexible supporting plate 651 is driven to retract, gear wrapper sheet 652 blocks material bag, material bag array is fallen, completes piling up of this one deck material bag; Subsequently, control bag mechanism 64 of gathering dust resets, and exit motor 654 and drive flexible supporting plate 651 to move forward reset, lifting mechanism 61 drives flexible supporting plate mechanism 65 to reset, in order to carrying out the loading of another layer of material bag.

In order to the compartment making the flexible supporting plate 651 of described loading apparatus 6 can adapt to different in width, as shown in Figure 6 C, described flexible supporting plate 651 comprises expansion plate 661 and the track adjusting wheel 664 at middle adapter plate 66 and adapter plate 66 two ends.The expansion plate 661 at two ends connects with screw mandrel 662 respectively by the nut 663 of different rotation direction, described screw mandrel 662 is connected with wide motor 666 power of tune by adjusting wide Timing Belt 665, when the wide motor 666 of tune drives screw mandrel 662 in nut 663 during forward or reverse, the expansion plate 661 at two ends by track adjusting wheel 664 in opposite directions near or dorsad away from, the overall width of flexible supporting plate 651 is adjusted.

In order to make loading apparatus 6 accurately can locate in the horizontal relative to transport vehicle, be also provided with transverse positioning mechanism 63.Described transverse positioning mechanism 63 comprises cross slide way 631, synchronous cross band 632, cross motor 633 and laser positioning sensor 621.After material bag array is pushed into flexible supporting plate 651 by arranging apparatus 5, located lateral is carried out relative to transport trolley two by laser positioning sensor 621 pairs of loading apparatus 6, then described cross motor 633 drives loading apparatus 6 relative to transport vehicle transverse shifting by synchronous cross band 632, to adjust the horizontal relative position of loading apparatus 6 relative to transport vehicle, then lifting mechanism 61 drives flexible supporting plate mechanism 65 to drop to desired location.After unloading material bag, flexible supporting plate mechanism 65 is back to the position connected with arranging apparatus 5 along Yuan Lu.

A concrete entrucking process instance is as follows:

Automobile drives predetermined parking space into, and workman is by overall width, vehicle commander's size and need in the tonnage input control device 7 of entrucking, and system carries out computing automatically, and computing show that this car needs dress M layer and N row, and union goes out to fill how many bags.It is 1.8m ~ 3.0m that multi-functional automatic loading machine is applicable to such as overall width (in compartment clear span) by regulating the width of flexible supporting plate 651, the transport trolley two of the multiple different size of vehicle commander 4.2m ~ 17.5m.Without the need to increasing extras again.In the present embodiment, multi-functional loading apparatus 6 can divide 1.8m; 2.2m; 2.7m3 gear.

After computing, control setup 7 sends instruction, the laser range sensor 621 of carloader head starts to scan automobile bodies, adjust flexible supporting plate mechanism 65 by the transverse positioning mechanism about 63 of multi-functional loading apparatus 6 to be consistent with compartment, and carrying out memory function, control setup 7 sends instruction and starts the operation that declines to steering hardware 1.

The motor 11 of steering hardware 1 drives belt to operate, and cylinder 13 will be led bag device 12 and is transferred to and material contracted affreightment line direction angle at 45 °, be transferred on the belt feeder 2 of automatic loading machine by the material bag on belt conveyor.Material bag is transported to pressure packaging and puts on 3 by belt feeder 2.

Ground floor is piled up: vehicle commander 13m × overall width 2.2m.

Pressure packaging puts 3 by after the exhaust of material bag, pressing, carry to positive closure device 4, the photoelectric switch 33 that material bag puts 3 tail ends by pressure packaging carries out counting and controlling run/stopping, according to such as by 3 bags stop one second → again by 2 bags stop one second → by 2 bags stop one second → wrap by 3 speed and the rhythm that the form of stopping a second controls supply.

Material bag is transported to after on positive closure device 4, the positive closure post 431 of positive closure device 43 stretches out, material bag bumps against the rear transverse rotation of positive closure post 431, material bag is become laterally continue to move ahead, according to such as under type carries out positive closure: count continuous positive closure 3 bags by upstream photoelectric switch 41, positive closure post 431 is regained; Continue through the longitudinal material bag of 4 bags again, positive closure post 431 stretches out, more continuous positive closure 3 bags.So repeatedly carry out.

The first brake drum 51 that pendulum packaging puts 5 is undertaken counting by the downstream photoelectric switch 44 at positive closure device 4 tail end place and controls brake drum and stops and rotating.After first brake drum 51 stops, starting first and push away after 3 bag material bags are pushed into the second braking roller 53 by push pedal 521 that bag device 52, the first pushes away bag device 52, rise, return and drop to original position.Stop after again 2 follow-up bag materials being shifted onto the second braking roller 53, rise subsequently, return and drop to original position.Come and go and push away bag each 4 times.Push away the mode of bag for wrapping (material bag short side direction is front) → 2 bag (material bag short side direction is front) → 3 bag (material bag long side direction is front) in such as 3 bag (material bag long side direction is front) → 2.

Push away after bag 4 actions complete, first pushes away bag device 52 stops action, and material wraps in the second braking roller 53 and puts in array.Start second subsequently and push away bag device 54.Second push pedal 541 pushing away bag device 54 is carried out pushing away bag to the flexible supporting plate 651 of multi-functional loading apparatus 6, shifts onto on the supporting plate 651 of Multifunctional transporting panel assembly 6 by 10 bag material bags, second pushes away bag device 54 and stops action subsequently, rise, return and drop to original position.

Afterwards, start control bag to gather dust mechanism 64 and lifting mechanism 61.Control bag gathers dust after mechanism 64 declines and stops, lifting mechanism 61 drives flexible supporting plate mechanism 65 to decline, to be stretched supporting plate 651 and cabin floor spacing by the laser measurement straight down of laser range sensor 622, stop when spacing is about 5cm declining, now exiting motor 654 drives flexible supporting plate 651 to retract, gear wrapper sheet 652 blocks material bag, material bag array is fallen, completes piling up of this one deck material bag.

The second layer is piled up:

Piling up with piling up of ground floor of the second layer is similar, unlike, when after material bag array is pushed to flexible supporting plate 561, flexible supporting plate mechanism 65 declines, laser range sensor 22 no longer by the distance of laser detection straight down and cabin floor, but is detected the distance of flexible supporting plate 651 and the previous one deck material bag piled up by the horizontal laser light of another laser range sensor 22.When light path block by the previous one deck material bag piled up, now the position with the top of front one deck material bag with predeterminable range has been down to by supporting plate.Now, lifting mechanism 61 stops declining, and exits motor and retreats, piled up by this layer of material bag and wrap in front one deck material.

Above action repeats, until pile up the height to presetting, thus completes piling up of a row material bag.Subsequently, loading apparatus 6 moves predeterminable range to vehicle rear, carries out piling up of secondary series material bag.So repeat, until whole compartment is piled up complete.

Above embodiment is only the utility model embodiment, so itself and be not used to limit scope of the present utility model, those skilled in the art, in the scope not departing from the utility model spirit, can carry out appropriate variations on this basis, this modification is all within scope of the present utility model.

Claims (10)

1. an automatic loading machine, it comprises: pendulum materials device, loading apparatus and control setup; Described control setup is for controlling the operation of whole automatic loading machine;
Described pendulum materials device is used for material to put into default array, and the material array set is delivered to described loading apparatus;
It is characterized in that,
Described loading apparatus comprises lifting mechanism, flexible supporting plate mechanism and setting element;
Described lifting mechanism drives described flexible supporting plate mechanism dipping and heaving;
Described flexible supporting plate mechanism comprises flexible supporting plate, width adjustment mechanism and shedding mechanism;
Described width adjustment mechanism is used for the specification according to transport trolley, regulates the width of described flexible supporting plate;
Described shedding mechanism is for being released into the desired location of transport vehicle by the material on described flexible supporting plate;
Described setting element is for locating and controlling the position of described flexible supporting plate mechanism relative to transport vehicle.
2. automatic loading machine according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described shedding mechanism comprises striker plate, exits guide rail, exits motor and exit Timing Belt, described in exit motor pass through described in exit Timing Belt drive described flexible supporting plate described to exit on guide rail movable.
3. automatic loading machine according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described flexible supporting plate comprises adapter plate and is positioned at the expansion plate at described adapter plate two ends;
Described width adjustment mechanism comprises screw mandrel, nut, the wide motor of tune and adjusts wide Timing Belt, the expansion plate at described adapter plate two ends is fixedly connected with described nut, the wide motor of described tune drives described screw mandrel forward or reverse in described nut by the wide Timing Belt of described tune, the expansion plate driving described adapter plate two ends in opposite directions near or dorsad away from, regulate the width of flexible supporting plate thus.
4. automatic loading machine according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described lifting mechanism comprises plumbing arm, lifting motor, chain drive, guide rail and pulley, described chain drive is connected with described plumbing arm, described guide rail is positioned on described plumbing arm, and coordinates with described pulley, and described flexible supporting plate mechanism is arranged on described plumbing arm, described lifting motor drives described plumbing arm to do dipping and heaving by described chain drive, drives described flexible supporting plate mechanism to do dipping and heaving thus.
5. automatic loading machine according to claim 4, it is characterized in that, described plumbing arm is also provided with material controlling to gather dust mechanism, described material controlling mechanism of gathering dust comprises crop control plate, material controlling cylinder, dust collection cover and dust-collecting pipe, described material controlling cylinder can drive described crop control plate vertically to move up and down, described dust collection cover is arranged on described crop control plate, and is connected with described dust-collecting pipe.
6. the automatic loading machine according to any one of Claims 1 to 5, it is characterized in that, also comprise transverse positioning mechanism, described transverse positioning mechanism comprises cross slide way, synchronous cross band, cross motor and lateral positioning element, by described lateral positioning element, relative to transport trolley two, located lateral is carried out to described loading apparatus, described cross motor drives described loading apparatus relative to transport vehicle transverse shifting by described synchronous cross band, and adjustment loading apparatus is relative to the horizontal relative position of transport vehicle.
7. the automatic loading machine according to any one of Claims 1 to 5, it is characterized in that, described pendulum materials device comprises the first braking roller, the first pusher, the second braking roller and the second pusher, described first pusher is for pushing the material be delivered to according to the mode preset on described first braking roller to described second brake drum, material puts into material array by predetermined manner on described second braking roller, and described second pusher is for being delivered to described loading apparatus by the material array on described second brake drum.
8. automatic loading machine according to claim 7, it is characterized in that, also comprise positive materials device, for material to be delivered to the described first braking roller of described pendulum materials device according to the mode preset, described positive materials device comprises upstream photoelectric switch, just expects guide plate, positive glassware and downstream photoelectric switch, described positive glassware comprises positive stock column and cylinder, and described in described air cylinder driven, positive stock column stretches, and controlling material is thus vertical or horizontal conveying.
9. automatic loading machine according to claim 8, it is characterized in that, also comprise pressure packaging to put, described pressure packaging is put and is comprised transmission belt machine, pressure bag belt feeder, photoelectric switch and guide plate, belt on the opposite face of described transmission belt machine and described pressure bag belt feeder moves in the same way, pass for material, described photoelectric switch is used for counting material, and controls speed or rhythm that pressure packaging puts supply material.
10. automatic loading machine according to claim 9, it is characterized in that, also comprise steering hardware, turn to for making mass transport direction, described steering hardware comprises motor, drop guide, cylinder and guiding scraper-trough conveyer, described drop guide comprises belt pulley and belt, and described motor drives described belt around described pulley movements; Described drop guide and described cylinders, control the sensing of described pusher belt by described cylinder.
CN201520546791.8U 2015-07-24 2015-07-24 Multi -functional truck automatic loading machine CN204957852U (en)

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105923418A (en) * 2016-06-03 2016-09-07 绵阳蓝奥重型机械制造有限公司 Intelligent loading robot for bagged packing materials and operating method thereof
CN106041619A (en) * 2016-06-30 2016-10-26 中原内配集团安徽有限责任公司 Workpiece transferring tool for milling of air cylinder sleeve
CN106185375A (en) * 2016-08-29 2016-12-07 哈尔滨博实自动化股份有限公司 A kind of Full-automatic loader
CN106348055A (en) * 2015-07-24 2017-01-25 天津欧思诺科技开发有限公司 Multifunctional automatic vehicle loader
CN106516799A (en) * 2016-11-17 2017-03-22 绵阳钢猫科技有限公司 Automatic loading device applicable to bagged materials and application method of automatic loading device

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106348055A (en) * 2015-07-24 2017-01-25 天津欧思诺科技开发有限公司 Multifunctional automatic vehicle loader
CN105923418A (en) * 2016-06-03 2016-09-07 绵阳蓝奥重型机械制造有限公司 Intelligent loading robot for bagged packing materials and operating method thereof
CN106041619A (en) * 2016-06-30 2016-10-26 中原内配集团安徽有限责任公司 Workpiece transferring tool for milling of air cylinder sleeve
CN106185375A (en) * 2016-08-29 2016-12-07 哈尔滨博实自动化股份有限公司 A kind of Full-automatic loader
CN106185375B (en) * 2016-08-29 2018-08-31 哈尔滨博实自动化股份有限公司 A kind of Full-automatic loader
CN106516799A (en) * 2016-11-17 2017-03-22 绵阳钢猫科技有限公司 Automatic loading device applicable to bagged materials and application method of automatic loading device

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