CN204949431U - Nut shelling sieve separator - Google Patents

Nut shelling sieve separator Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204949431U
CN204949431U CN201520518623.8U CN201520518623U CN204949431U CN 204949431 U CN204949431 U CN 204949431U CN 201520518623 U CN201520518623 U CN 201520518623U CN 204949431 U CN204949431 U CN 204949431U
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China
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frame
screen
nut
rotating shaft
shaft
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CN201520518623.8U
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Chinese (zh)
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赵旭
陈兆良
宁忻欣
赵宏波
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赵宏波
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Abstract

The utility model relates to a nut cracker, specifically speaking are nut shelling sieve separator. Including frame, suction fan, motor, transmission, upper cover, pivot, crankshaft connecting rod system, sieve bend, compound sieve and lifting machine, wherein the pivot rotate and install the output shaft who passes through transmission and motor in the upper portion of frame and one end, be equipped with a plurality of gear hobbings along the axial in the pivot, the sieve bend is installed from top to bottom in proper order in the frame with compound sieve and is lain in the below of pivot, suction fan and lifting machine set up in the discharge end of compound sieve, the suction fan is connected with transmission, and the other end of compound sieve passes through link mechanism to be connected with the other end of pivot, and the axial direction that the pivot can be followed through the rotation of pivot to compound sieve vibrates, and the upper cover sets up in the top of frame. The utility model discloses simple structure, small, convenient operation improves the shelling efficiency of chinese chestnut greatly.

Description

Nut unshelling screening machine
Technical field
The utility model relates to agricultural machinery and implement, specifically a kind of nut unshelling screening machine.
Background technology
Nut is very by a kind of food that everybody likes, as increasing at the planting range in the whole nation in pine nut, fibert, Chinese chestnut etc.Nut is processed for the first time to be needed to remove shell, and there is an acanthosphere outside as Chinese chestnut, and Chinese chestnut adds man-hour for the first time, is first to remove outside acanthosphere, and most Li Nong adopts manually to shell, then efficiency is very low, labour intensity is very large.At present, also have and adopt Chinese chestnut decorticator to remove Chinese chestnut acanthosphere, but existing Chinese chestnut decorticator easily injures pulp after all there is Chinese chestnut shelling, causes and not easily stores.Also there is machine construction complexity, shell halfway shortcoming simultaneously.
Utility model content
For the problems referred to above, the purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of nut unshelling screening machine.This nut unshelling screening machine structure is simple, and operating efficiency is high, and shelling thoroughly.
To achieve these goals, the utility model is by the following technical solutions:
A kind of nut unshelling screening machine, comprise frame, induced-draught fan, motor, transmission device, upper cover, rotating shaft, linkage, sieve bend and composite screen, wherein axis of rotation is arranged on the top of frame, and one end is connected by the output shaft of transmission device with rack-mounted motor, described rotating shaft is provided with multiple gear hobbing vertically, described sieve bend and composite screen are from top to bottom arranged in frame successively, and be positioned at the below of rotating shaft, described induced-draught fan is arranged at the discharge port end of described composite screen, and be connected with transmission device, the other end of described composite screen is connected with the other end of rotating shaft by linkage.Described axis of rotation also drives composite screen of reciprocating vibration along the axial direction of rotating shaft by linkage, and described upper cover is arranged at the top of frame and encloses nut unshelling room with sieve bend.
Described composite screen comprises strip-type screen setting up and down and mesh screen, described strip-type screen and mesh screen to be obliquely installed and incline direction is contrary along the axis of rotating shaft, one end and the frame of described strip-type screen are hinged, one end of the other end and mesh screen connects firmly, the other end of described mesh screen is flexibly connected with frame, and be discharging opening, the other end of described strip-type screen is connected with linkage.
The other end both sides of described mesh screen are respectively equipped with bar-shaped trough along the direction of motion, and described frame is provided with two guide pads be placed in respectively in the bar-shaped trough of mesh screen both sides.
The two ends of described strip-type screen are equipped with grating spacing adjusting mechanism, described grating spacing adjusting mechanism comprises lead screw and adjusting nut, it is spacing respectively by an adjusting nut that each grating end of strip-type screen is all set in lead screw and both sides, adjusts the spacing between adjacent two gratings by adjusting nut.
Multiple gratings that described sieve bend comprises two arc-shaped end plates and is arranged between two arc-shaped end plates, each grating is all arranged with sleeve pipe, and the diameter of described sleeve pipe is greater than the diameter of grating, sleeve pipe can with grating relative motion.
Described sieve bend is arranged in frame by bolt, described bolt is arranged with the spring making sieve bend vertically have the free degree.
Described gear hobbing comprises sheath, round steel and linking springs, and wherein one end of linking springs is connected with rotating shaft, and the other end is connected with round steel, and described sheath is sheathed on the outside of round steel and linking springs.
Described linkage comprises eccentric shaft, first connecting rod and second connecting rod, wherein one end of eccentric shaft and the other end of rotating shaft hinged, the other end of eccentric shaft and one end of first connecting rod hinged, the other end of described first connecting rod and one end of second connecting rod hinged, the other end of described second connecting rod is connected with described composite screen.
Described transmission device comprises driving pulley, belt, driven large belt wheel and driven small pulley, wherein driving pulley is arranged on the output shaft of motor, described driven large belt wheel and driven small pulley are arranged on the fan shaft of rotating shaft and induced-draught fan respectively, and described driving pulley, driven large belt wheel and driven small pulley are connected successively by belt.
Described nut unshelling screening machine comprises the elevator being arranged at composite screen discharge outlet further, described elevator comprises bracing frame, hopper, conveyer belt, supporting leg, eccentric wheel, drive rod and driving shaft, wherein the lower end of bracing frame is hinged in frame, upper end is supported by supporting leg, the lower end of support frame as described above is rotatablely equipped with driving shaft, the two ends of described driving shaft are respectively equipped with an eccentric wheel, described eccentric wheel is connected with one end of drive rod away from the position in axle center, the other end of described drive rod is connected with the discharge port end of composite screen, the upper end of support frame as described above is provided with follower, described follower is in transmission connection by conveyer belt and driving shaft, the outside of described conveyer belt is provided with multiple hopper successively along direction of transfer.
Advantage of the present utility model and beneficial effect are:
1. the utility model structure is simple, and volume is little, easy to operate, greatly can improve the shelling efficiency of Chinese chestnut, simultaneously carrying out can not damaging pulp in the process shelled, time saving and energy saving.
2. the utility model adopts the sieve that incline direction is contrary, and the two ends making Chinese chestnut and acanthosphere take off thorn machine from Chinese chestnut are respectively reclaimed, and it is convenient to reclaim, and not easily obscures.
3. the utility model adopts induced-draught fan, thoroughly removes thorn shell.
4. the utility model realizes automatic material receiving pack function by elevator.
5. the utility model is applicable to collection and the screening of nut fruit, and as the collection to nuts such as pine nut, fibert, Chinese chestnuts, the utility model is easy to operate, extensively practical, is the optimal selection that peasant collects multiple nut.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present utility model;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation after the utility model removes upper cover;
Fig. 3 is the right view that the utility model removes elevator;
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of gear hobbing in the utility model;
Fig. 5 is the structural representation of composite screen in the utility model;
Fig. 6 is the side view of sieve bend in the utility model;
Fig. 7 is left view of the present utility model;
Fig. 8 is the structural representation of linkage in the utility model;
Fig. 9 is the structural representation of transmission device in the utility model;
Figure 10 is one of transmission mechanism structural representation of elevator in the utility model;
Figure 11 is the transmission mechanism structural representation two of elevator in the utility model.
Wherein: 1 is mesh screen, 2 is frame, 3 is induced-draught fan, 4 is motor, 5 is transmission device, 501 is driving pulley, 502 is belt, 503 is driven large belt wheel, 504 is driven small pulley, 6 is feeding mouth, 7 is upper cover, 8 is rotating shaft, 9 is linkage, 901 is eccentric shaft, 902 is first connecting rod, 903 is second connecting rod, 10 is strip-type screen, 11 is sieve bend, 111 is arc-shaped end plate, 112 is grating, 113 is sleeve pipe, 12 is gear hobbing, 1121 is sheath, 122 is round steel, 123 is linking springs, 3 is fan leaf, 14 is elevator, 141 is bracing frame, 142 is hopper, 143 is conveyer belt, 144 is supporting leg, 145 is eccentric wheel, 146 is drive rod, 147 is driving shaft, 148 is bearing block, 149 is bearing pin, 15 is spring, 16 is road wheel, 17 is grating spacing adjusting mechanism.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the utility model is described in further detail.
As Figure 1-3, the utility model comprises frame 2, induced-draught fan 3, motor 4, transmission device 5, upper cover 7, rotating shaft 8, linkage 9, sieve bend 11 and composite screen, its shaft 8 is rotatably installed in the top of frame 2 and one end is connected by the output shaft of transmission device 5 with the motor 4 be arranged in frame 2, and described rotating shaft 8 is provided with multiple gear hobbing 12 vertically.Described sieve bend 11 and composite screen to be from top to bottom arranged on successively in frame 2 and to be positioned at the below of rotating shaft 8, described induced-draught fan 3 is arranged at the discharge port end of described composite screen and is connected with transmission device 5, and the other end of described composite screen is connected with the other end of rotating shaft 8 by linkage 9.Described rotating shaft 8 is rotated and is driven composite screen of reciprocating vibration along the axial direction of rotating shaft 8 by linkage 9.Described upper cover 7 is arranged at the top of frame 2 and encloses nut unshelling room with sieve bend 11, and described upper cover 7 is provided with feeding mouth 6.
Described composite screen comprises strip-type screen 10 setting up and down and mesh screen 1, described strip-type screen 10 and mesh screen 1 to be obliquely installed and incline direction is contrary along activity direction, one end and the frame 2 of described strip-type screen 10 are hinged, one end of the other end and mesh screen 1 connects firmly, the other end of described mesh screen 1 is flexibly connected with frame 2, for discharging opening, the other end of described strip-type screen 10 is connected with linkage 9.Described strip-type screen 10 and mesh screen 1 are respectively strip sieve and mesh screen, and described sieve bend 11 is strip sieve bend.
Be connected to the sleeve be parallel to each other above the two ends of described strip-type screen 10, two sleeves to be sheathed on respectively on two fixed axis be parallel to each other that frame 2 is provided with and can to rotate around fixed axis.The other end both sides of described mesh screen 1 are respectively equipped with bar-shaped trough along the direction of motion, and described frame 2 is provided with two guide pads be placed in respectively in the bar-shaped trough of mesh screen 1 both sides.
As shown in Figure 4, described gear hobbing 12 comprises sheath 121, round steel 122 and linking springs 123, and wherein one end of linking springs 123 is connected with rotating shaft 8, and the other end is connected with round steel 122, and described sheath 121 is sheathed on the outside of round steel 122 and linking springs 123.Described gear hobbing 12 is swingable.
As shown in Figure 5, the two ends of described strip-type screen 10 are equipped with grating spacing adjusting mechanism 17, described grating spacing adjusting mechanism 17 comprises lead screw and adjusting nut, it is spacing respectively by an adjusting nut that each grating end of strip-type screen 10 is all set in lead screw and both sides, adjusts the spacing between adjacent two gratings by adjustment both sides adjusting nut.
As shown in Figure 6, multiple gratings 112 that described sieve bend 11 comprises two arc-shaped end plates 111 and is arranged between two arc-shaped end plates 111, each grating 112 is all arranged with sleeve pipe 113, the diameter of described sleeve pipe 113 is greater than the diameter of grating 112, make sleeve pipe 113 can with grating 112 relative motion, thus according to the size of nut, the gap automatically between adjustment grating.Grating 112 adopts round steel, and sleeve pipe adopts PPR pipe.
Described sieve bend 11 is arranged in frame 2 by bolt, described bolt is arranged with the spring 15 making sieve bend 11 vertically have the free degree.The movable mountings of described sieve bend 11, avoids and occurs stuck phenomenon because of the difference of nut size.
As shown in Figure 7, Figure 8, described linkage 9 comprises eccentric shaft 901, first connecting rod 902 and second connecting rod 903, wherein one end of eccentric shaft 901 and the other end of rotating shaft 8 hinged, the other end of eccentric shaft 901 and one end of first connecting rod 902 hinged, the other end of described first connecting rod 902 and one end of second connecting rod 903 hinged, the other end of described second connecting rod 903 and the other end of described composite screen are connected.In the present embodiment, the sleeve that the other end of described second connecting rod 903 and strip-type screen 10 other end are provided with is connected.Described rotating shaft 8 is rotated, and drives eccentric shaft 901 to swing, and drives further moving up and down of first connecting rod 902 and second connecting rod 903, thus drives strip-type screen 10 and mesh screen 1 to vibrate along the axial reciprocating of rotating shaft 8.
As shown in Figure 9, described transmission device 5 comprises driving pulley 501, belt 502, driven large belt wheel 503 and driven small pulley 504, wherein driving pulley 501 is arranged on the output shaft of motor 4, described driven large belt wheel 503 and driven small pulley 504 are arranged on the fan shaft of rotating shaft 8 and induced-draught fan 3 respectively, and described driving pulley 501, driven large belt wheel 503 and driven small pulley 504 are connected successively by belt 502.
As Fig. 1, shown in Figure 10-11, described nut unshelling screening machine comprises the elevator 14 being arranged at composite screen discharge outlet further, described elevator 14 comprises bracing frame 141, hopper 142, conveyer belt 143, supporting leg 144, eccentric wheel 145, drive rod 146 and driving shaft 147, wherein the lower end of bracing frame 141 is hinged in frame 2, upper end is supported by supporting leg 144, the lower end of support frame as described above 141 is rotatablely equipped with driving shaft 147, the two ends of described driving shaft 147 are respectively equipped with an eccentric wheel 145, position away from axle center on described eccentric wheel 145 is connected with one end of drive rod 146, the described other end of drive rod 146 is connected with the discharge port end of composite screen, the upper end of support frame as described above 141 is provided with follower, described follower is in transmission connection by conveyer belt 143 and driving shaft 147, the outside of described conveyer belt 143 is provided with multiple hopper 142 successively along direction of transfer.When off working state, supporting leg 144 is packed up, elevator 14 is erected in frame 2.
Operation principle of the present utility model is:
Described motor 4 is rotated by transmission device 5 drive shaft 8, and under the High Rotation Speed of rotating shaft 8, nut (as Chinese chestnut) and shuck are separated by the gear hobbing 12 in rotating shaft 8, extrudes simultaneously and fall on strip-type screen 10 through sieve bend 11.In the process of shelling, because gear hobbing 12 is swingable, sieve bend 11 vertically has the free degree, so can not injure pulp.Described strip-type screen 10 is connected with rotating shaft 8 by linkage 9 with mesh screen 1, so when rotating shaft 8 is rotated, drives strip-type screen 10 and mesh screen 1 simultaneously of reciprocating vibration in the same way by linkage 9.Be separated large shuck by strip-type screen 10, nut and little shuck drop on mesh screen 1 simultaneously.Mesh screen 1 adopts reciprocating motion type, and when nut and shuck move quickly into below the blower fan mouth of induced-draught fan 3 on mesh screen 1, due to varying in weight of nut and shuck, shuck is gentlier siphoned away by induced-draught fan 3, and remaining has been clean nut.Large shuck and nut are separated by the two ends of composite screen respectively, are separated clean, convenient recovery.Upwards be delivered to the top of bracing frame 141 successively by driving-belt 143 in each hopper 142 that the nut filtered out by mesh screen 1 discharging opening falls into elevator 14, then pour into when being overturn downwards by top in the rewinding bag of below, complete rewinding work.

Claims (10)

1. a nut unshelling screening machine, is characterized in that, comprises frame (2), induced-draught fan (3), motor (4), transmission device (5), upper cover (7), rotating shaft (8), linkage (9), sieve bend (11) and composite screen, its shaft (8) is rotatably installed in the top of frame (2), and one end is connected with the output shaft of the motor (4) be arranged in frame (2) by transmission device (5), described rotating shaft (8) is provided with vertically multiple gear hobbing (12), described sieve bend (11) and composite screen are arranged in frame (2) from top to bottom successively, and being positioned at the below of rotating shaft (8), described induced-draught fan (3) is arranged at the discharge port end of described composite screen, and be connected with transmission device (5), the other end of described composite screen is connected with the other end of rotating shaft (8) by linkage (9), and described rotating shaft (8) is rotated, and driving composite screen of reciprocating vibration along the axial direction of rotating shaft (8) by linkage (9), described upper cover (7) is arranged at the top of frame (2), and enclose nut unshelling room with sieve bend (11).
2. by nut unshelling screening machine according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described composite screen comprises strip-type screen (10) setting up and down and mesh screen (1), described strip-type screen (10) and mesh screen (1) are obliquely installed along the axis of rotating shaft (8), and incline direction is contrary, one end and the frame (2) of described strip-type screen (10) are hinged, one end of the other end and mesh screen (1) connects firmly, the other end of described mesh screen (1) is flexibly connected with frame (2), for discharging opening, the other end of described strip-type screen (10) is connected with linkage (9).
3. by nut unshelling screening machine according to claim 2, it is characterized in that, the other end both sides of described mesh screen (1) are respectively equipped with bar-shaped trough along the direction of motion, and described frame (2) is provided with two guide pads be placed in respectively in the bar-shaped trough of mesh screen (1) both sides.
4. by nut unshelling screening machine according to claim 2, it is characterized in that, the two ends of described strip-type screen (10) are equipped with grating spacing adjusting mechanism (17), described grating spacing adjusting mechanism (17) comprises lead screw and adjusting nut, it is spacing respectively by an adjusting nut that each grating end of strip-type screen (10) is all set in lead screw and both sides, adjusts the spacing between adjacent two gratings by adjusting nut.
5. by nut unshelling screening machine according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, multiple gratings (112) that described sieve bend (11) comprises two arc-shaped end plates (111) and is arranged between two arc-shaped end plates (111), each grating (112) is all arranged with sleeve pipe (113), the diameter of described sleeve pipe (113) is greater than the diameter of grating (112), sleeve pipe (113) can with grating (112) relative motion.
6. by nut unshelling screening machine according to claim 5, it is characterized in that, described sieve bend (11) is arranged in frame (2) by bolt, described bolt is arranged with the spring (15) making sieve bend (11) vertically have the free degree.
7. by nut unshelling screening machine according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described gear hobbing (12) comprises sheath (121), round steel (122) and linking springs (123), wherein one end of linking springs (123) is connected with rotating shaft (8), the other end is connected with round steel (122), and described sheath (121) is sheathed on the outside of round steel (122) and linking springs (123).
8. by nut unshelling screening machine according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described linkage (9) comprises eccentric shaft (901), first connecting rod (902) and second connecting rod (903), wherein one end of eccentric shaft (901) and the other end of rotating shaft (8) hinged, the other end of eccentric shaft (901) and one end of first connecting rod (902) hinged, the other end of described first connecting rod (902) and one end of second connecting rod (903) hinged, the other end of described second connecting rod (903) is connected with described composite screen.
9. by nut unshelling screening machine according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described transmission device (5) comprises driving pulley (501), belt (502), driven large belt wheel (503) and driven small pulley (504), wherein driving pulley (501) is arranged on the output shaft of motor (4), described driven large belt wheel (503) and driven small pulley (504) are arranged on the fan shaft of rotating shaft (8) and induced-draught fan (3) respectively, described driving pulley (501), driven large belt wheel (503) and driven small pulley (504) are connected successively by belt (502).
10. by the nut unshelling screening machine described in any one of claim 1-9, it is characterized in that, described nut unshelling screening machine comprises the elevator (14) being arranged at composite screen discharge outlet further, described elevator (14) comprises bracing frame (141), hopper (142), conveyer belt (143), supporting leg (144), eccentric wheel (145), drive rod (146) and driving shaft (147), wherein the lower end of bracing frame (141) is hinged in frame (2), upper end is supported by supporting leg (144), the lower end of support frame as described above (141) is rotatablely equipped with driving shaft (147), the two ends of described driving shaft (147) are respectively equipped with an eccentric wheel (145), described eccentric wheel (145) is connected away from one end with drive rod (146), the position in axle center, the other end of described drive rod (146) is connected with the discharge port end of composite screen, the upper end of support frame as described above (141) is provided with follower, described follower is in transmission connection by conveyer belt (143) and driving shaft (147), the outside of described conveyer belt (143) is provided with multiple hopper (142) successively along direction of transfer.
CN201520518623.8U 2015-07-15 2015-07-15 Nut shelling sieve separator Active CN204949431U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520518623.8U CN204949431U (en) 2015-07-15 2015-07-15 Nut shelling sieve separator

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520518623.8U CN204949431U (en) 2015-07-15 2015-07-15 Nut shelling sieve separator

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN204949431U true CN204949431U (en) 2016-01-13

Family

ID=55044540

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201520518623.8U Active CN204949431U (en) 2015-07-15 2015-07-15 Nut shelling sieve separator

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN204949431U (en)

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