CN204943649U - A kind of new type solar energy thermal storage heating system and device - Google Patents

A kind of new type solar energy thermal storage heating system and device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204943649U
CN204943649U CN201520577050.6U CN201520577050U CN204943649U CN 204943649 U CN204943649 U CN 204943649U CN 201520577050 U CN201520577050 U CN 201520577050U CN 204943649 U CN204943649 U CN 204943649U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
air
roof
sunspace
duct
return
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201520577050.6U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王磊
朱长鸣
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CHENGDU XIRUI ELECTROMECHANICAL EQUIPMENT Co Ltd
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CHENGDU XIRUI ELECTROMECHANICAL EQUIPMENT Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201520577050.6U priority Critical patent/CN204943649U/en
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Publication of CN204943649U publication Critical patent/CN204943649U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of new type solar energy thermal storage heating device, there is a main house body, described main house body comprises roofing insulation, roofing construction sheet, air-supply multivane mouth, return air flame plate mouth and exterior window, also comprise roof sunspace, heat preservation sandwich layer wall, breeze fan, air delivery duct, air-return duct and single-glass outer cover, roof sunspace is fixed by support, air delivery duct is provided with bottom it, single-glass outer cover is arranged at top, breeze fan is included in roof plenum chamber, screen pack and check-valves, the inner side of main house body opaco is provided with air-return duct, air-return duct offers return air flame plate mouth, arranged outside has the heat preservation sandwich layer wall be connected with air-supply multivane mouth.This device is solved by optimization roof sunspace and utilizes solar roof thermal-arrest deficiency and top layer problems of excessive heat; And in building side arrange insulation sandwich wall effectively utilize body of wall accumulation of heat, solve the problem utilizing the fluctuations in indoor temperature in conventional passive solar heating room large.

Description

A kind of new type solar energy thermal storage heating system and device
Technical field
The utility model relates to solar thermal utilization and heat-storage technology field, especially relates to a kind of new type solar energy thermal storage heating system and device being widely used in indoor heating.
Background technology
Solar energy is as inexhaustible, nexhaustible clean energy resource, and in order to respond the call of national energy-saving reduction of discharging, development low-carbon economy, solar energy heating system has important economic and social benefit.As existing widely used passive solar heating technology, mainly through the reasonable Arrangement of building orientation and surrounding environment, interior construction spacing and external body manipulative, and the appropriate selection of construction material and structure or structure, thus solve the heating problem of building.
But there is following problem in passive solar heating: 1, based on be directly benefited formula and south orientation attached sunspace, effectively do not utilize building roof accumulation of heat; Even if 2 employ roof sunspace accumulation of heat, do not carry out enhanced heat exchange and thermal-arrest designs yet, fail to reach thermal-arrest to greatest extent; 3, after roofing thermal-arrest, effectively do not prevent over-heating in summer from designing, cause top layer to there is problems of excessive heat; Simultaneously often there is heat storage capacity deficiency in passive solar energy heating system, and cause room temperature fluctuation excessive: namely daytime, indoor temperature was too high, night is too low with indoor temperature in morning, causes the stability of indoor thermal environment poor, limits the development of this systematic difference.
Utility model content
The technical problems to be solved in the utility model is to provide a kind of new type solar energy thermal storage heating device and method, and this device is solved by optimization roof sunspace and utilizes solar roof thermal-arrest deficiency and top layer problems of excessive heat; And in building side arrange insulation sandwich wall effectively utilize body of wall accumulation of heat, solve the problem utilizing the fluctuations in indoor temperature in conventional passive solar heating room large.
In order to solve the problems of the technologies described above, the utility model realizes in the following manner:
A kind of new type solar energy thermal storage heating device, there is the main house body of a double-layer structure, described main house body comprises roofing insulation, roofing construction sheet, air-supply multivane mouth, return air flame plate mouth and exterior window, also comprise roof sunspace, heat preservation sandwich layer wall, breeze fan, air delivery duct, air-return duct and single-glass outer cover, described roofing insulation is arranged at above roofing construction sheet, roof sunspace is fixed by the roof sunspace support being arranged on roof surface, the bottom of described roof sunspace is provided with air delivery duct, its top is coated with single-glass outer cover, roof plenum chamber is located at the side of roof sunspace, the breeze fan be connected with air delivery duct is included in described roof plenum chamber, be arranged on the screen pack on air delivery duct and check-valves, the air-return duct communicated with roof sunspace is provided with inside the facade wall of main house body opaco, return air flame plate mouth is opened on air-return duct, for indoor return air is introduced air-return duct, the facade wall arranged outside of the opaco of main house body have communicate with air delivery duct there is better bubble-tight heat preservation sandwich layer wall, heat preservation sandwich layer wall is connected with air-supply multivane mouth.
In order to the not high problem of the collecting efficiency overcoming existing roof sunspace further, apparatus of the present invention also comprise enhanced heat exchange collecting plate, described enhanced heat exchange collecting plate is the sheet iron being coated with solar energy heat absorbing coating, enhanced heat exchange collecting plate is positioned at the inside of roof sunspace, and roof sunspace is divided into upper and lower two independently spaces.
In order to strengthen the ventilation heat exchange effect of enhanced heat exchange collecting plate, enhanced heat exchange collecting plate offers hole, described hole is rectangular through-hole and is evenly distributed on enhanced heat exchange collecting plate.
The present invention is also provided with automatic tee air-valve, self-operated type ventilation ball and automatic control system in roof plenum chamber, described automatic tee air-valve communicates with the side exhaust duct of roof plenum chamber, get rid of waste heat for controlling side exhaust duct, self-operated type ventilation ball is communicated with the top between roof Yanguan Pass.
Compared with prior art, the beneficial effect that the utility model has: 1) the utility model devises a kind of enhanced heat exchange, sunshade and thermal-arrest simultaneously taken into account in the enhanced heat exchange collecting plate of one, improve the collecting efficiency of roof sunspace, enhanced heat exchange collecting plate offers space, further improves air turbulence degree and realize strengthening heat convection; 2) put heat preservation ventilating sandwich wall at exterior wall peripheral hardware, overcome the problem that traditional passive solar house accumulation of heat is not enough, day and night temperature is excessive; 3) in order to prevent the problem of top room over-heating in summer, the present invention, by arranging automatic tee air-valve, self-operated type ventilation ball and automatic control system on roof, achieves over-heating in summer and controls.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is new type solar energy thermal storage heating system schematic of the present utility model;
Fig. 2 is enhanced heat exchange collecting plate structural representation in the utility model.
In figure, each mark is respectively: 1, roof sunspace support, and 2, roof sunspace, 3, heat preservation sandwich layer wall, 4, breeze fan, 5, air delivery duct, 6, check-valves, 7, screen pack, 8, air-return duct, 9, single-glass outer cover, 10, enhanced heat exchange collecting plate, 11, air-supply multivane mouth, 12, return air flame plate mouth, 13, exterior window, 14, hole, 15, roofing insulation, 16, roofing construction sheet.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments, detailed description of the invention of the present utility model is described in further detail.
As shown in Figure 1, a kind of new type solar energy thermal storage heating device, there is the main house body of a double-layer structure, described main house body comprises roofing insulation 15, roofing construction sheet 16, air-supply multivane mouth 11, return air flame plate mouth 12 and exterior window 13, also comprise roof sunspace 2, heat preservation sandwich layer wall 3, breeze fan 4, air delivery duct 5, air-return duct 8 and single-glass outer cover 9, described roofing insulation 15 is arranged at above roofing construction sheet 16, roof sunspace 2 is fixed by the roof sunspace support 1 being arranged on roof surface, the bottom of described roof sunspace is provided with air delivery duct 5, its top is coated with single-glass outer cover 9, roof plenum chamber is located at the side of roof sunspace, the breeze fan 4 be connected with air delivery duct is included in described roof plenum chamber, be arranged on the screen pack 7 on air delivery duct and check-valves 6, the air-return duct communicated with roof sunspace is provided with inside the facade wall of main house body opaco, return air flame plate mouth is opened on air-return duct, for indoor return air is introduced air-return duct, the facade wall arranged outside of the opaco of main house body have communicate with air delivery duct there is better bubble-tight heat preservation sandwich layer wall, heat preservation sandwich layer wall is connected with air-supply multivane mouth.
Heat preservation sandwich layer wall 3 in this device should ensure that its air-tightness prevents air from leaking and affects heating effect, by design exterior-wall heat insulation sandwich wall, first hot blast in roof sunspace is sent into heat preservation sandwich layer wall, hot-air flow from heat preservation sandwich layer wall top on earth portion time, have partial heat by heat convection mode, exterior wall outer surface is transmitted to indoor and outdoor wall inside indoor, and all the other heats will send into indoor with hot-air, thus realizes heating on daytime; Because wall heat transfer exists late effect, slowly can import indoor at night, simultaneously because interlayer outer surface is heat-insulation layer, therefore most of heat will import indoor into, thus can make full use of exterior wall heat storage capacity, reduce passive solar house temperature fluctuation situation.
As shown in Fig. 2 enhanced heat exchange collecting plate structural representation, in order to the not high problem of the collecting efficiency overcoming existing roof sunspace further, apparatus of the present invention also comprise enhanced heat exchange collecting plate 10 and hole 14, described enhanced heat exchange collecting plate is the sheet iron being coated with solar energy heat absorbing coating, enhanced heat exchange collecting plate is positioned at the inside of roof sunspace, and roof sunspace is divided into upper and lower two independently spaces; Described porous nickel is opened on enhanced heat exchange collecting plate.
Utilize solar energy heat absorbing coating to carry out plated film to tagger, improve the solar heat absorptivity of collecting plate; Tagger carries out linear cutter after to plated film, the requirement of ventilating according to design, optimizes vent aperture area and air vent is arranged; Meanwhile, forming protruding sunshade surface with sunlight direction vertical plane, this convex surfaces not only can play to keep the sun off and be irradiated to roof outer surface, forms external force simultaneously and improves air turbulence degree realization strengthening heat convection.
Sunlight is irradiated on enhanced heat exchange collecting plate through single-glass outer cover, roof thermal-arrest sunspace is divided into upper and lower two independently spaces by collecting plate, and provide rising passway for bottom heated air, after hot-air heats up, inner air natural layering, the hot-air assembled enters accumulation of heat ventilating and thermal insulating sandwich wall passage by air delivery duct through filter screen and check-valves at the top of thermal-arrest sunspace by breeze fan, a part of heat stores in construction wall by convection current and heat transfer, another part heat is sent into indoor by hot air cleaning from room top supplying air multivane mouth, hot-air reduces gradually in indoor temperature and constantly declines, bottom room, again cold air is evacuated to roof thermal-arrest sunspace by air-return duct through return air flame plate mouth, complete the circulation of whole air.By the construction wall heated, because heat transfer postpones, night just progressively by the thermal release that stores to indoor, this integrated system not only achieves continuous heating on daytime, achieves again and heats night.
The utility model is also provided with automatic tee air-valve, self-operated type ventilation ball and automatic control system in roof plenum chamber, described automatic tee air-valve communicates with the side exhaust duct of roof plenum chamber, get rid of waste heat for controlling side exhaust duct, self-operated type ventilation ball is communicated with the top between roof Yanguan Pass.
During summer operation, owing to being provided with temperature sensor in roof plenum chamber, if temperature sensor detects the stable limiting temperature close to fan operation in plenum chamber, then by controlling automatic tee air-valve, open side exhaust duct, and be communicated with the self-operated type ventilation ball of headroom between Yanguan Pass, under hot pressing and outside wind pressure acting in conjunction, self-operated type ventilation ball just can realize the aeration-cooling of roof sunspace without the need to power consumption, thus solves top room over-heating in summer problem.
The above is only embodiment of the present utility model; again state; for those skilled in the art; under the prerequisite not departing from the utility model principle; can also carry out some improvement to the utility model, these improvement are also listed in the protection domain of the utility model claim.

Claims (4)

1. a new type solar energy thermal storage heating device, there is the main house body of a double-layer structure, described main house body comprises roofing insulation (15), roofing construction sheet (16), air-supply multivane mouth (11), return air flame plate mouth (12) and exterior window (13), it is characterized in that: also comprise roof sunspace (2), heat preservation sandwich layer wall (3), breeze fan (4), air delivery duct (5), air-return duct (8) and single-glass outer cover (9), described roofing insulation is arranged at above roofing construction sheet, roof sunspace is fixed by roof sunspace support (1) being arranged on roof surface, the bottom of described roof sunspace is provided with air delivery duct, its top is coated with single-glass outer cover, roof plenum chamber is located at the side of roof sunspace, the breeze fan (4) be connected with air delivery duct is included in described roof plenum chamber, be arranged on the screen pack (7) on air delivery duct and check-valves (6), the air-return duct communicated with roof sunspace is provided with inside the facade wall of main house body opaco, return air flame plate mouth is opened on air-return duct, for indoor return air is introduced air-return duct, the facade wall arranged outside of the opaco of main house body have communicate with air delivery duct there is better bubble-tight heat preservation sandwich layer wall, heat preservation sandwich layer wall is connected with air-supply multivane mouth.
2. a kind of new type solar energy thermal storage heating device according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: also comprise enhanced heat exchange collecting plate (10), described enhanced heat exchange collecting plate is the sheet iron being coated with solar energy heat absorbing coating, enhanced heat exchange collecting plate is positioned at the inside of roof sunspace, and roof sunspace is divided into upper and lower two independently spaces.
3. a kind of new type solar energy thermal storage heating device according to claim 2, it is characterized in that: described enhanced heat exchange collecting plate offers hole (14), described hole is rectangular through-hole and is evenly distributed on enhanced heat exchange collecting plate.
4. a kind of new type solar energy thermal storage heating device according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: in described roof plenum chamber, be also provided with automatic tee air-valve, self-operated type ventilation ball and automatic control system, described automatic tee air-valve communicates with the side exhaust duct of roof plenum chamber, get rid of waste heat for controlling side exhaust duct, self-operated type ventilation ball is communicated with the top between roof Yanguan Pass.
CN201520577050.6U 2015-08-04 2015-08-04 A kind of new type solar energy thermal storage heating system and device Expired - Fee Related CN204943649U (en)

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CN201520577050.6U CN204943649U (en) 2015-08-04 2015-08-04 A kind of new type solar energy thermal storage heating system and device

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520577050.6U CN204943649U (en) 2015-08-04 2015-08-04 A kind of new type solar energy thermal storage heating system and device

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105020770A (en) * 2015-08-04 2015-11-04 成都栖睿机电设备有限公司 Novel solar energy heat storing and heating system device and method

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105020770A (en) * 2015-08-04 2015-11-04 成都栖睿机电设备有限公司 Novel solar energy heat storing and heating system device and method
CN105020770B (en) * 2015-08-04 2019-03-26 成都栖睿机电设备有限公司 A kind of new type solar energy thermal storage heating system and device and method

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20160106

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee