CN204929709U - Based on the crowded stranding formula husker sheller of multiplex roller chain - Google Patents

Based on the crowded stranding formula husker sheller of multiplex roller chain Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204929709U
CN204929709U CN201520641212.8U CN201520641212U CN204929709U CN 204929709 U CN204929709 U CN 204929709U CN 201520641212 U CN201520641212 U CN 201520641212U CN 204929709 U CN204929709 U CN 204929709U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
roller chain
frame
jicuo
bearing
multiplex roller
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Withdrawn - After Issue
Application number
CN201520641212.8U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
侯明涛
张红梅
杨立权
张开飞
于建军
王淼森
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Henan Agricultural University
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Henan Agricultural University
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Priority to CN201520641212.8U priority Critical patent/CN204929709U/en
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Publication of CN204929709U publication Critical patent/CN204929709U/en
Withdrawn - After Issue legal-status Critical Current
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of crowded stranding formula husker sheller based on multiplex roller chain, belong to agricultural product manufacturing and processing equipment field, comprise frame, cover plate is provided with outside frame, be provided with belt pulley outside cover plate, be respectively equipped with motor above and below frame, motor is connected with belt pulley; Frame is provided with backstay, and backstay is connected with bearing block by securing member, and bearing block is provided with bearing; Upper and lower two groups of Ji Cuo mechanisms be connected on bearing are provided with in frame, described Ji Cuo mechanism comprises two ends and is connected to driving shaft on bearing and driven shaft, driving shaft and driven shaft are engaged with multiplex roller chain, multiplex roller chain outer surface is axially arranged with the threshing tooth bar of wedge shape, gap between roller forms sieve aperture, and driving shaft is connected with belt pulley by bearing; Be provided with feeding mouth on the right side of frame, left side is provided with core discharging outlet, is provided with seed outlet, is connected with feeding baffle plate below feeding mouth below Xia Jicuo mechanism, and the lower edge of feeding baffle plate is positioned at the top of Xia Jicuo mechanism.

Description

Based on the crowded stranding formula husker sheller of multiplex roller chain
Technical field
The utility model belongs to agricultural product manufacturing and processing equipment field, is specifically related to a kind of crowded stranding formula husker sheller based on multiplex roller chain.
Background technology
At present, China's Huang-Huai-Hai harvest corn is still based on the swath harvesting of artificial or mechanical harvesting, need a large amount of labours and production cost, and existing corn kernel harvester is subject to the restriction of moisture content, in results process, percentage of damage can not be up to state standards, and causes seed to lose in a large number, in addition, corncob core is broken serious, and corn kernel percentage of impurity is improved.
Traditional husker sheller relies on to stir at a high speed and shock makes iblet depart from from fruit ear, complete threshing operations, but this threshing mode exists very large defect: fruit ear moisture lower than 15% time, easily iblet is smashed; When fruit ear moisture is 15 ~ 19%, easily cause the injury of seed epidermis; Fruit ear moisture higher than 19% time, threshing difficulty increases, and threshing performance can reduce, and indivedual seed epidermis injury is serious, causes total loss rate to reduce.
For a corn processing factory, the breakage rate of 1% just means sizable economic loss, reduces the subject matter that corn threshing damage becomes mechanical threshing.Therefore develop the husker sheller that a kind of percentage of damage is low, threshing performance is high, corncob core is complete and there are important market prospects.
Utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is to provide the crowded stranding formula husker sheller based on multiplex roller chain that a kind of percentage of damage is low, threshing performance is high, corncob core is complete.
Based on above-mentioned purpose, the utility model by the following technical solutions: based on the crowded stranding formula husker sheller of multiplex roller chain, comprise frame, cover plate is provided with outside frame, be provided with belt pulley outside cover plate, be respectively equipped with motor above and below frame, motor is connected with belt pulley; Frame is provided with backstay, and backstay is connected with bearing block by securing member, and bearing block is provided with bearing; Upper and lower two groups of Ji Cuo mechanisms be connected on bearing are provided with in frame, described Ji Cuo mechanism comprises two ends and is connected to driving shaft on bearing and driven shaft, driving shaft and driven shaft are engaged with multiplex roller chain, multiplex roller chain outer surface is axially arranged with the threshing tooth bar of wedge shape, gap between roller forms sieve aperture, and driving shaft is connected with belt pulley by bearing; Be provided with feeding mouth on the right side of frame, left side is provided with core discharging outlet, is provided with seed outlet, is connected with feeding baffle plate below feeding mouth below Xia Jicuo mechanism, and the lower edge of feeding baffle plate is positioned at the top of Xia Jicuo mechanism.
Further, Shang Jicuo mechanism is positioned at one end above feeding mouth higher than other one end, and Xia Jicuo mechanism is horizontally disposed with, can by regulating the angle of inclination of upper multiplex roller chain and carrying out the adjustment of cylinder-concave clearance with the distance of lower multiplex roller chain.
Further, described backstay is provided with multiple bolt hole, and bearing block is bolted to connection on the securing lever; Between the driving shaft of Shang Jicuo mechanism and driven shaft, top is provided with the regulating shaft be connected in frame, and the multiplex roller chain of Shang Jicuo mechanism is meshed with driving shaft, driven shaft and regulating shaft.
Further, driving shaft, driven shaft and regulating shaft are axially provided with the spaced apart gear teeth matched with multiplex roller chain along it respectively.
Further, the row's of being provided with core guide plate below core discharging outlet, on row's core guide plate along flush with the top of Xia Jicuo mechanism or lower than Xia Jicuo mechanism top, arrange core guide plate under edge stretch out frame.
Further, seed outlet below is provided with the seed collecting board of inclination.
Further, described feeding baffle plate is arc line shaped, makes the feeding of fruit ear flexibility, reduces and force to feed the seed damage caused.
The utility model has the following advantages:
(1) changed the velocity of rotation of two driving shafts by two motors, two driving shaft rotating speeds are more easily controlled separately; By driven by motor driving shaft, driving shaft drives driven shaft that multiplex roller chain is rotated, upper multiplex roller chain speed is higher than lower multiplex roller chain, tooth bar rotates along with multiplex roller chain, differential is carried out to corn ear and squeezes stranding, the corn ear slightly high to moisture content can be realized and carry out threshing, reduce corn kernel percentage of damage, ensure the complete of corncob core.
(2) multiplex roller chain designs threshing tooth bar, can flailing action be played on the one hand, can play corncob core conveying effect on the other hand.
(3) non-parallel setting between Shang Jicuo mechanism and Xia Jicuo mechanism, according to the size of fruit ear, can by regulating the adjustment that position regulates the angle of inclination of upper multiplex roller chain, the distance of two groups of multiplex roller chains carries out cylinder-concave clearance of backstay.
(4) according to the moisture content of fruit ear, on the basis ensureing threshing performance, by regulating shaft bearing position on the securing lever and the position of regulating shaft, and then the distance changed between the driving shaft of Shang Jicuo mechanism and driven shaft, change threshing stroke, reduce and squeeze the stranding time, reduce seed damage ratio.
(5) the utility model structure is simple, installs, dismounting, easy to operate, reasonable in design and working stability, quick threshing can be realized, can ensure the Threshing of corn in slightly high-moisture percentage situation and corncob core complete, there will not be the phenomenon of blocking, possess separating cleaning function.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the utility model embodiment 1;
Fig. 2 is the sectional side elevation of Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is outline drawing of the present utility model;
Fig. 4 is the left view of Fig. 3;
Fig. 5 is the structural representation of driving shaft;
Fig. 6 is the left view of driving shaft;
Fig. 7 is the structural representation of embodiment 2.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with embodiment, the utility model is described in detail.
embodiment 1
Based on the crowded stranding formula husker sheller of multiplex roller chain, its structure, as shown in Fig. 1 ~ 6, comprises frame 14, cover plate 17 is provided with outside frame 14, be provided with belt pulley 15 outside cover plate 17, be respectively equipped with motor 1 above and below frame 14, motor 1 is connected by belt 2 with belt pulley 15; Backstay 11 two ends are movably connected in frame 14 by bolt, and backstay 11 is provided with multiple bolt hole, and bearing block 9 is bolted on backstay 11, and bearing block 9 is provided with bearing 7; Upper and lower two groups of Ji Cuo mechanisms be connected on bearing 7 are provided with in frame 14, feeding mouth 5 is provided with on the right side of frame 14, arc line shaped feeding baffle plate 6 is connected with below feeding mouth 5, the lower edge of feeding baffle plate 6 is positioned at the top of lower multiplex roller chain 16, make the feeding of fruit ear flexibility, reduce and force to feed the seed damage caused; Be provided with core discharging outlet on the left of frame 14, the row's of being provided with core guide plate 13 below core discharging outlet, on row's core guide plate 13 along flush with the top of Xia Jicuo mechanism or lower than Xia Jicuo mechanism top, arrange core guide plate 13 times edges and stretch out frame 14; Be provided with seed outlet below Xia Jicuo mechanism, seed outlet below is provided with the seed collecting board 10 of inclination.
Described Ji Cuo mechanism comprises two ends and is connected to driving shaft 18 on bearing 7 and driven shaft 19, the distance between driving shaft 18 and driven shaft 19 is changed by the change position of bearing 7 on backstay 11, driving shaft 18 and driven shaft 19 are engaged with multiplex roller chain, and driving shaft 18 and driven shaft 19 are axially provided with the spaced apart gear teeth 21 matched with multiplex roller chain; Multiplex roller chain outer surface is axially arranged with the threshing tooth bar 4 of wedge shape, threshing tooth bar 4 one aspect can play flailing action, can play corncob core conveying effect on the other hand, the gap between roller forms sieve aperture 12, and driving shaft 18 is connected with belt pulley 15 by bearing 7; Shang Jicuo mechanism is positioned at one end above feeding mouth 5 higher than other one end, Xia Jicuo mechanism is horizontally disposed with, certain space is had between two multiplex roller chains, form threshing space, according to the size of fruit ear, people change the inclined degree of Shang Jicuo mechanism by the link position of running fix bar 11 end in frame 14, and then change upper multiplex roller chain 3 and the distance of lower multiplex roller chain 16, regulate cylinder-concave clearance.
By driven by motor driving shaft 18, driving shaft 18 drives driven shaft 19 that multiplex roller chain is rotated, upper multiplex roller chain 3 speed is higher than lower multiplex roller chain 16, tooth bar rotates along with multiplex roller chain, differential is carried out to corn ear and squeezes stranding, the corn ear slightly high to moisture content can be realized and carry out threshing, reduce corn kernel percentage of damage, ensure the complete of corncob core.
embodiment 2
Based on the crowded stranding formula husker sheller of multiplex roller chain, its structure as shown in Figure 7, is with the difference of embodiment 1: described backstay 11 is provided with multiple bolt hole, and bearing block 9 is bolted to connection on backstay 11; Between the driving shaft 18 of Shang Jicuo mechanism and driven shaft 19, top is provided with the regulating shaft 20 be connected in frame 14, regulating shaft 20 is axially arranged with to arrange the gear teeth matched with multiplex roller chain along it more, can regulate the tightness of multiplex roller chain, upper multiplex roller chain 3 is meshed with driving shaft 18, driven shaft 19 and regulating shaft 20.
According to the moisture content of fruit ear, on the basis ensureing threshing performance, by the position of regulating shaft bearing 9 on backstay 11 and the position of regulating shaft 20, and then the tightness of multiplex roller chain on the Distance geometry changing between the driving shaft 18 of Shang Jicuo mechanism and driven shaft 19, change threshing stroke, reduce and squeeze the stranding time, reduce seed damage ratio.
Meanwhile, also can as required between the driving shaft 18 and driven shaft 19 of Xia Jicuo mechanism below regulating shaft is set, change the threshing stroke of Xia Jicuo mechanism.
The course of work of the present utility model is: corn ear is put into feeding mouth 5, corn ear is sent into upper multiplex roller chain 3 by the gradient by feeding baffle plate 6, between lower multiplex roller chain 16, when corn ear touches threshing tooth bar 4, threshing tooth bar 4 can play certain feeding effect, fruit ear is grilled into Ji Cuo mechanism, because upper and lower multiplex roller chain rotating speed is different, while fruit ear moves on multiplex roller chain, fruit ear rotates around axle core again under the effect of external force, corn kernel is peeled one by one, seed collecting board 10 is fallen in the sieve aperture 12 that the corn kernel peeled is formed between roller, axle core is discharged to thresher rear portion along with multiplex roller chain rotates, discharge from row's core guide plate 13, seed is separated with axle core.

Claims (7)

1., based on the crowded stranding formula husker sheller of multiplex roller chain, it is characterized in that, comprise frame, be provided with cover plate outside frame, be provided with belt pulley outside cover plate, be respectively equipped with motor above and below frame, motor is connected with belt pulley; Frame is provided with backstay, and backstay is connected with bearing block by securing member, and bearing block is provided with bearing; Upper and lower two groups of Ji Cuo mechanisms be connected on bearing are provided with in frame, described Ji Cuo mechanism comprises two ends and is connected to driving shaft on bearing and driven shaft, driving shaft and driven shaft are engaged with multiplex roller chain, multiplex roller chain outer surface is axially arranged with the threshing tooth bar of wedge shape, gap between roller forms sieve aperture, and driving shaft is connected with belt pulley by bearing; Be provided with feeding mouth on the right side of frame, left side is provided with core discharging outlet, is provided with seed outlet, is connected with feeding baffle plate below feeding mouth below Xia Jicuo mechanism, and the lower edge of feeding baffle plate is positioned at the top of Xia Jicuo mechanism.
2. the crowded stranding formula husker sheller based on multiplex roller chain according to claim 1, is characterized in that, Shang Jicuo mechanism is positioned at one end above feeding mouth higher than other one end, and Xia Jicuo mechanism is horizontally disposed with.
3. the crowded stranding formula husker sheller based on multiplex roller chain according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterized in that, described backstay is provided with multiple bolt hole, and bearing block is bolted to connection on the securing lever; Between the driving shaft of Shang Jicuo mechanism and driven shaft, top is provided with the regulating shaft be connected in frame, and the multiplex roller chain of Shang Jicuo mechanism is meshed with driving shaft, driven shaft and regulating shaft.
4. the crowded stranding formula husker sheller based on multiplex roller chain according to claim 3, is characterized in that, driving shaft, driven shaft and regulating shaft are axially provided with the spaced apart gear teeth matched with multiplex roller chain along it respectively.
5. the crowded stranding formula husker sheller based on multiplex roller chain according to claim 4; it is characterized in that; the row's of being provided with core guide plate below core discharging outlet, along to flush with the top of Xia Jicuo mechanism or lower than the top of Xia Jicuo mechanism on row's core guide plate, along stretching out frame under row's core guide plate.
6. the crowded stranding formula husker sheller based on multiplex roller chain according to claim 5, is characterized in that, seed outlet below is provided with the seed collecting board of inclination.
7. the crowded stranding formula husker sheller based on multiplex roller chain according to claim 6, it is characterized in that, described feeding baffle plate is arc line shaped.
CN201520641212.8U 2015-08-25 2015-08-25 Based on the crowded stranding formula husker sheller of multiplex roller chain Withdrawn - After Issue CN204929709U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520641212.8U CN204929709U (en) 2015-08-25 2015-08-25 Based on the crowded stranding formula husker sheller of multiplex roller chain

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520641212.8U CN204929709U (en) 2015-08-25 2015-08-25 Based on the crowded stranding formula husker sheller of multiplex roller chain

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN204929709U true CN204929709U (en) 2016-01-06

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105103807A (en) * 2015-08-25 2015-12-02 河南农业大学 Squeezing and rubbing corn thresher based on multiple rows of roller chains
CN107801492A (en) * 2017-11-29 2018-03-16 安徽合众智信科技咨询有限公司 One kind is used for corn flexible threshing device
CN107873256A (en) * 2017-12-28 2018-04-06 河南农业大学 Belt thresing machine

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105103807A (en) * 2015-08-25 2015-12-02 河南农业大学 Squeezing and rubbing corn thresher based on multiple rows of roller chains
CN107801492A (en) * 2017-11-29 2018-03-16 安徽合众智信科技咨询有限公司 One kind is used for corn flexible threshing device
CN107873256A (en) * 2017-12-28 2018-04-06 河南农业大学 Belt thresing machine

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
AV01 Patent right actively abandoned

Granted publication date: 20160106

Effective date of abandoning: 20160907

C25 Abandonment of patent right or utility model to avoid double patenting