Utility model content
The utility model aims to provide a kind of novel in design, effectively can obtain information of vehicles, vehicle be carried out to the unmanned electric automobile leasing system of priority allocation.
For solving the problems of the technologies described above, the utility model provides following technical scheme: a kind of unmanned electric automobile leasing system, comprises car-mounted terminal, user terminal, office terminal and management platform; Car-mounted terminal and user terminal are all and carry out the transmission of data between management platform; The transmission of data is carried out between office terminal and management platform;
Management platform and the wireless connections of traffic control system api interface, the violation information of vehicle belonging to obtaining from traffic control system api interface, and by this information transmission to user terminal;
Car-mounted terminal comprises intelligent terminal platform, information acquisition module, control module, locating module, vehicle inspection module, bluetooth module, human-computer interaction module and identification module;
Intelligent terminal platform carries out the transmission of data by wireless network module and management platform, and intelligent terminal platform is connected by carrying out bluetooth between bluetooth module with mobile terminal;
Information acquisition module, identification module, locating module all transfer data to intelligent terminal platform, are transferred to management platform by intelligent terminal platform;
The information of information acquisition module collection is: vehicle dump energy, speed, remaining mileage etc., door contact interrupter state, seat belt status, parking brake state;
Described control module, vehicle inspection module are all by the information of intelligent terminal platform receiving management platform transmission, and self-inspection information is transferred to management platform by intelligent terminal platform by vehicle inspection module simultaneously;
Described control module drives the actuating of relay, realizes the control to car door and vehicle launch;
Described human-computer interaction module is provided with a key navigation keys, key call button and a display module, carries out the transmission of data between human-computer interaction module and intelligent terminal platform, a key navigation keys and a key call button are connected with attending a banquet by management platform; Display module display cartographic information;
Described office terminal comprises management display screen, the vehicle that the map denotation on management display screen is all.
Described information acquisition module also includes is located at vehicle interior and outside audio and video acquisition devices respectively, and the vehicle interior collected and outside audio/video information are transferred to intelligent terminal platform and store by audio and video acquisition devices.
The A-GPS locating module that described locating module is comprised GPRS locating module and realized by mobile network, described user terminal comprises mobile terminal and computer terminal.
Management platform is also connected with network road conditions api interface.
By above technical scheme, the beneficial effects of the utility model are: the beneficial effect of described system is: 1, management platform is connected with traffic control api interface, can push the violation information of vehicle in real time to mobile terminal, reminding user is disposed, and ensure that the rights and interests of user and leased enterprise; 2, the user terminal arranged can obtain with management platform and car-mounted terminal and be connected, and obtains relevant information in time; 3, the vehicle deposited on intelligent terminal platform uses and guides audio-frequency information vehicle can be used to guide to user; 4, information acquisition module can the relevant information of collection vehicle in all directions, realizes the monitoring of management platform to vehicle; 5, intelligent terminal platform connect audio and video acquisition devices can audio/video information inside and outside Real-time Collection car, when there is traffic hazard, this information is using as important accident responsibility judgment basis; 6, arranging of bluetooth module can make car-mounted terminal obtain with mobile terminal to be connected, to be convenient to management platform and to know that user reaches du vehicule; 7, the setting of human-computer interaction module, makes vehicle more convenient to use; 8, management platform interconnection network road conditions api interface, thus obtain traffic information in real time.
Unmanned electric automobile leasing system as shown in Figure 1, comprise car-mounted terminal, user terminal, office terminal and management platform, car-mounted terminal and user terminal are all and carry out the transmission of data between management platform, carry out the transmission of data between office terminal and management platform, management platform also with traffic control system api interface and the wireless connections of network road conditions api interface.
Office terminal comprises management display screen, can the information of all vehicle of map denotation on management display screen, by office terminal can real time inspection to all vehicles, the positional information of understanding vehicle in time.
User terminal comprises mobile terminal and computer terminal, and mobile terminal comprises the mobile devices such as mobile phone; By download client on mobile terminals, sign in the transmission that client and management platform carry out data, easily realize the lease of electric automobile; The connection with management platform can be realized at home, processing relevant information, as the expense of moving back with issue invoice by computer terminal user.
The violation information of vehicle belonging to management platform is obtained by traffic control system api interface, and by this information transmission to user terminal; Obtain traffic information by network road conditions api interface, and by this information transmission to user terminal, point out.Network road conditions are the system of real-time monitoring road conditions information on existing network.
As shown in Figure 2, can Real-time Collection information of vehicles by car-mounted terminal, to Vehicular real time monitoring; Car-mounted terminal comprises intelligent terminal platform, information acquisition module, control module, locating module, vehicle inspection module, bluetooth module, human-computer interaction module and identification module.
Information acquisition module, identification module, locating module transfer data to intelligent terminal platform, and intelligent terminal platform carries out the transmission of data by Wi-Fi module and management platform; The wireless connections between car-mounted terminal and management platform are realized herein by Wi-Fi module.
The information of information acquisition module collection is: the audio/video information of vehicle dump energy, speed, remaining mileage, door contact interrupter state, seat belt status, parking brake state and outside vehicle and inside; Vehicle dump energy, speed, remaining mileage, door contact interrupter state, seat belt status and these information of parking brake state only need to be connected with existing the corresponding interface on vehicle; The collection of outside vehicle and inner audio/video information needs at outside vehicle and inner installing audio/video information harvester, and information transmission stores to intelligent terminal platform by audio/video information harvester.The outside vehicle gathered and inner audio/video information, when vehicle has an accident, can be supplied to law enforcement agency as accident responsibility judgment basis, thus ensure the rights and interests of user.
Control module, vehicle inspection module are by the information of intelligent terminal platform receiving management platform transmission, and self-inspection information is transferred to management platform by intelligent terminal platform by vehicle inspection module simultaneously; Control module drives the actuating of relay, realizes the control to car door, vehicle launch; Arrange control module can to strengthen management the monitoring of platform to vehicle, avoid vehicle in the process used, occur the phenomenon lost; Vehicle inspection module is existing module, and it can check parts such as the engines of vehicle, and see that whether it is intact, the vehicle inspection module of setting can ensure the interests of leased enterprise, ensures that user's uses car safety simultaneously.
Bluetooth module is connected with intelligent terminal platform, and intelligent terminal platform is connected by carrying out bluetooth between bluetooth module with mobile terminal, and this link information is transferred to management platform; Realized the connection of car-mounted terminal and user terminal by the connection between bluetooth module and mobile terminal, if bluetooth connects simultaneously, then represent that user is at du vehicule.
Human-computer interaction module is provided with a key navigation keys, a key call button, guides button and display module, carry out the transmission of data between human-computer interaction module and intelligent terminal platform, user can be connected with attending a banquet under the effect of management platform by a key navigation keys and a key call button; Display module can show cartographic information, and user can realize navigation according to the cartographic information on display module; Under the effect of guiding button, vehicle can be started and use guide audio-frequency information, for user uses vehicle to offer help.
In order to make location more accurate, the A-GPS locating module that in the utility model, locating module is comprised GPRS locating module and undertaken by mobile network, A-GPS locating module is realized by mobile network, and it when GPRS poor signal, can realize the accurate location of vehicle.
Can be realized the information of the reservation receiving management platform transmission simultaneously of vehicle by user terminal, management platform can store information, analyze, and output signal drives the corresponding module of car-mounted terminal, makes vehicle obtain corresponding actuating signal.
Carrying out the tenantless method of electric automobile by above system is:
(1) management platform obtains user profile: user terminal receives client-side information, and client is installed on the subscriber terminal; Management platform receives user profile by user terminal; Management platform is verified user profile, and checking content is: whether whether the various information in user profile are unified with user registered; Be proved to be successful rear generation RFID to identify, store the identity information of user in RFID mark, identity information includes but not limited to: identity document, driver license number, cell-phone number; Management platform stores user profile.Management platform makes user be registered as member by receiving user profile in this step, and the system of registered members can strengthen the management to vehicle.
In this embodiment, RFID identifies, and comprise rfid card and deposit in the electronic two-dimensional code on mobile terminal, both generate by user profile, are the important compositions of user identity in leasing system of the present invention; RFID mark can also be the I.D. of user herein, can be identified the identity of user like a cork by the information on reading identity card, uses I.D. low as the RFID mark cost of user, realizes simple.
(2) management platform obtains user's cash pledge: after management platform has obtained user profile, obtain user's cash pledge under the effect of payment platform; Login user terminal uses payment platform to pay cash pledge, and payment platform includes but not limited to: Net silver, Unionpay, Alipay, wealth are paid logical; Before user rents vehicle at every turn, all will ensure there are enough cash pledges in user terminal, enough fingers herein can reach the amount of money that leased enterprise requires; Down payment plan is paid the fees after user can be avoided to use vehicle not in time, for particularly important in unmanned electric automobile leasing system, ensure that the optimum of lease process carries out.
(3) management platform receives preset vehicle information: mobile terminal receives available vehicle data, and show on the map of mobile terminal, mobile terminal receives the details of available vehicle simultaneously, details comprise: vehicle location coordinate, vehicle-state, dump energy, remaining mileage, and double-click the available vehicle on map user after, the details of display available vehicle; Management platform receives user to the predetermined information of available vehicle, and the user profile of correspondence is transferred to the car-mounted terminal of preset vehicle; The map of this available vehicle from mobile terminal is removed by management platform simultaneously; The method that map on mobile terminals only demonstrates the position of available vehicle is: management platform is by the information acquisition module collection vehicle information about power of car-mounted terminal and compare with preset value, is shown by this vehicle when information about power is greater than preset value on the map of mobile terminal; Otherwise do not add, preset value wherein can adjust according to the distance between vehicle and nearest charging station.Preset value can be set to 30% of total electricity.
In the present embodiment, map only shows available vehicle, initiatively reject unavailable vehicle, make picture more succinct, reduce the data volume that mobile terminal receives on the one hand; On the other hand, facilitate user and select car, improve and select car efficiency, make the hommization more in the process implemented of whole method; And all vehicles can be shown on office terminal, thus be convenient to the monitoring to vehicle.
(4) management platform to be picked up the car time monitoring to user: management platform receive user to vehicle predetermined after, can be monitored by the time of picking up the car of management platform to user; After arriving the time of presetting, checking user, whether this obtains vehicle mandate, the time of presetting can adjust according to the distance between user and vehicle, for 20 minutes, after user has made a reservation for vehicle, management platform needs to check whether receive the authorized information of this car two after 20 minutes; If not, then cancel user's order, and be increased in available vehicle database by this qualified information of vehicles, the information cancelling user's order is sent to mobile terminal by management platform simultaneously; If so, then ignore; After the monitoring of time can avoid user to make a reservation for vehicle, do not take vehicle for a long time, improve the utilization factor of vehicle, avoid the wasting of resources.
(5) management platform control user picks up the car: mobile terminal navigation preset vehicle position, and after reaching du vehicule, mobile terminal obtains bluetooth with car-mounted terminal by bluetooth module and is connected; This link information is sent to management platform by car-mounted terminal; Mobile terminal sends door opening instruction to management platform, after management platform receives this instruction, after management platform receives this instruction, first determine whether the information receiving bluetooth connection, then verify with the user of the preset vehicle in step 3), to determine the corresponding of user and vehicle; After having verified, management platform sends instruction to the control module of car-mounted terminal, car door opening is driven under the effect of control module, management platform receives the information of the car door opening that car-mounted terminal sends, and the mileage number of this temporal information now and vehicle is kept at management platform, using the foundation as follow-up link of deducting fees.In this step, the bluetooth of setting connects, and can determine that user reaches du vehicule really, avoid user and vehicle distances when crossing far away, the danger that car door causes is opened in request, novel in design, ensure that vehicle safety and user ' s right, user feels more relieved using.
(6) verify user profile: after car door opening, into the car, the identification module of car-mounted terminal receives subscriber identity information to user, user identity is identified, be proved to be successful, user obtains the mandate of vehicle, and this authorization message is sent to management platform;
In this step, identification module comprises fingerprint authentication and RFID checking;
The method of fingerprint authentication is: management platform judges whether it is use vehicle first according to user profile: if: need to input user fingerprints, user fingerprints is transferred to management platform by car-mounted terminal, and be transferred in user profile and preserve, complete fingerprint authentication; If not, then directly verify fingerprint, the finger print information in the fingerprint that car-mounted terminal inputs according to user and the user profile that management platform transmits identifies, if unanimously, then completes fingerprint authentication;
The method of RFID checking is: the RFID identification module of car-mounted terminal identifies the information in the RFID mark of user, and compare with the user profile in management platform, if consistent, then complete RFID checking, the RFID mark of user can be electronic two-dimensional code, rfid card or I.D..
Identity information checking in this step contains two step cards, verifies safer, avoids the situation occurring stealing information; Use I.D. to identify as RFID, it is convenient to realize, and reduces user cost, can make full use of the antiforge function of I.D..
(7) management platform controls vehicle launch: after user profile is proved to be successful, car-mounted terminal sends request vehicle launch instruction to management platform; After management platform receives, again examine authorization information, successful then to car-mounted terminal send enabled instruction, after car-mounted terminal receives instruction, the actuating of relay of control module drived control vehicle launch, completes vehicle launch under the effect of corresponding relay; In this step, vehicle launch also needs management platform to control to perform, and strengthens the monitoring to vehicle.
(8) management platform controls vehicle operating: in the process of vehicle operating, car-mounted terminal uploads the mileage information of a vehicle to management platform every 10 seconds, foundation can be provided to the follow-up process of deducting fees by these information, avoid only by the fraud problem that last mileage occurs as foundation of deducting fees; Simultaneously in the process of vehicle operating, intelligent terminal platform gathers the audio/video information inside and outside car by audio and video acquisition devices, and stores.When there is traffic hazard, the important evidence that the audio/video information that intelligent terminal platform is deposited can judge as traffic hazard.
Use vehicle process in, human-computer interaction module one key navigation, one key calling and audio-visual amusement under the selection of user, be connected with management platform, user uses the function of selection; The method of one key navigation is: human-computer interaction module receives the selection information of user to a key navigation keys, and by this information transmission to management platform, at the effect lower connecting base seat of management platform, by voice call, seat is informed in destination, destination coordinate information is sent to car-mounted terminal by management platform by seat, and show on a display screen, car-mounted terminal navigates according to this information, a key navigation feature allow vehicle use simpler.
In order to adding users is to the understanding of condition of road surface, management platform sends traffic information to mobile terminal in the process of vehicle operating, selects best route according to traffic information.The formation method of management platform traffic information is: management platform, according to the data analysis of the position of the vehicle in all uses, the speed of a motor vehicle, user one key calling feedback information and the conveying of network road conditions api interface, generates traffic information according to analysis result;
In order to the violation information side of being responsible for that clear and definite vehicle occurs in operational process, management platform also real-time reception traffic control system api interface transmit information, which user obtains this vehicle according to license plate number in this information is authorized to, this information transmission is reminded to user terminal user simultaneously, prompting user processes this violation information, because the user of vehicle is too much, if do not carry out attribution of liability to situation violating the regulations, will be then greatly challenge concerning the existence of leased enterprise, and this step solve this problem.
(9) management platform control user returns the car: management platform receives the instruction of returning the car that user is sent by mobile terminal, and send instruction to the vehicle inspection module of car-mounted terminal, vehicle inspection module carries out self-inspection to vehicle, and self-detection result is transferred to management platform;
According to self-detection result, management platform judges that vehicle is normal, then verified, send instruction to car-mounted terminal, car-mounted terminal receives instruction, drive control module action, under the effect of control module, the while that actuating of relay vehicle being out of service on car door lock;
According to self-detection result, management platform judges that vehicle breaks down, then send information to mobile terminal, points out user, and user agrees to this information, then send instructions to management platform, and management platform controls on car door lock; If user does not agree to this information, then need to link up with contact staff;
Management platform receives the information on car door lock, and temporal information now and mileage number are kept at management platform by car-mounted terminal simultaneously;
Management platform also sends information to mobile terminal while car-mounted terminal sends the instruction that car door locks, and prompting user car door will be locked, and make user ready in advance, the setting of this step avoids user and is locked in the danger caused in car.
Arranging in the process can supervising user's in-use automotive of vehicle self-inspection link, treasures vehicle; The division simultaneously using the fault occurred in the process of vehicle to carry out responsibility, is conducive to the rights and interests protecting leased enterprise.
Temporal information now and mileage number are kept at management platform by the information that management platform receives on car door lock simultaneously.
(10) management platform is deducted fees automatically: the time of opening car door of management platform according to storage and the Time Calculation user time of using cars of closed door, vehicle mileage number is calculated according to the mileage number that the mileage number read when opening car door and closed door read, expense is generated according to time of using cars and mileage number, and automatically deduct fees on mobile terminals, the information of deducting fees is sent to mobile terminal simultaneously, user is reminded.
(11) management platform obtains user's invoice information: the invoice information that user terminal reception user inputs on the client and addressee information, and by this information transmission to management platform, after management platform receives information, staff processes, and completes the mailing of invoice;
(12) management platform is moved back the method for expense and is: user terminal by expense of the moving back request message transmission of the client of reception to management platform, unnecessary cash pledge is return by management platform, back method is: adopt payment platform to move back expense, payment platform includes but not limited to: Net silver, Unionpay, Alipay, wealth are paid logical.
System described in the utility model, novel in design, information acquisition module can be monitored effectively to vehicle, control module increases the control of management platform to vehicle, user use more convenient, lease process does not need staff to participate in, and achieves unmanned and can complete lease process.