CN204912249U - Horizontal domestic waste breaker - Google Patents

Horizontal domestic waste breaker Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204912249U
CN204912249U CN201520659770.7U CN201520659770U CN204912249U CN 204912249 U CN204912249 U CN 204912249U CN 201520659770 U CN201520659770 U CN 201520659770U CN 204912249 U CN204912249 U CN 204912249U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
screening
discharge
drum
feed
support stand
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CN201520659770.7U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
陈庆平
曹贵华
曹健
陈石玉
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湖南普丝环保能源有限公司
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Priority to CN201520659770.7U priority Critical patent/CN204912249U/en
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Publication of CN204912249U publication Critical patent/CN204912249U/en

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Abstract

The utility model provides a horizontal domestic waste breaker, it is including feeder hopper, preceding support frame, back support frame, and wherein, preceding support frame, back support frame top are equipped with the supporting wheel, on the supporting wheel of preceding support frame, back support frame is placed respectively in to feed end, the discharge end of screening cylinder, the certain angle of post -installation screening drum discharge end downward sloping, its inclination is alpha, 30 <= alpha <= 150, screening roller feeding end is equipped with the feeder hopper, and screening drum discharge end lower part is equipped with the discharge gate, and screening drum discharge end tip is equipped with power gear, screening cylinder inner chamber is equipped with first broken bag district, first screening section, the broken bag district of second, second screening section from feed end to discharge end in proper order. The broken bag of this scheme collection, broken, the screening is as an organic whole, adapts to high moisture content rubbish.

Description

A kind of horizontal Domestic garbage crushing device

Technical field

The utility model relates to technical field of waste treatment, refer in particular to a kind of with domestic garbage gasification technology with the use of drum-type house refuse multistage broken bag, sieve integrated device.

Background technology

Mankind's activity will inevitably produce rubbish, and the process of current house refuse has become a social concern.In domestic refuse treatment project, important link is the pretreatment of rubbish, wherein mainly carries out refuse classification work.

Sorting consumer waste be recoverable in rubbish or be unfavorable for follow-up disposing technique requirement feed separation out, be one of the important step and important operation in refuse treatment engineering.Technical, practicality and economy should be considered while sorting consumer waste.

Current sorting consumer waste treatment process mainly contains following three kinds:

First kind of way is artificial separation.This is a kind of simpler and cruder refuse classification technique.

The second way for first to carry out broken bag to bagged garbage, then carries out sieving and artificial separation.Which mainly carries out garbage disposal with reference to the equipment of the developed countries such as Europe, the United States.External house refuse is the packed collection of classification, and China's house refuse is the packed collection of mixing, and therefore external domestic rubbish disposal mode is also not suitable for the national conditions of China.

The third mode is carrying out broken bag to bagged garbage while, carries out selective crushing and sorting to the bulk materials in rubbish, then carries out sieving and artificial separation.

China's house refuse is formed primarily of compositions such as perishable organic matter, coal ash, silt, handstone, queen closer, cullet, waste or used plastics class, clothing class, stationeries, high and the complicated component of the water content of rubbish, structure change is extremely uneven greatly again, be different from American-European house refuse (American-European house refuse generally in source through strict classification, adopt the packed collection of classification).

The Prediction for Solid Waste Treatment Technology of the present mankind presents diversified trend, and wherein biomass gasification technology is used for the process of house refuse, and progressively moving towards practical, it is to the function Bright Prospect of human environment protection.

Gasification of biomass is under certain thermodynamic condition, by the hydrocarbon conversion of composition living beings for containing CO, H 2, CH 4deng the process of fuel gas.In order to provide the thermodynamic condition of reaction, gasification needs air supply or oxygen, and raw material generating portion is burnt.The difference of gasification and common combustion process supplies sufficient oxygen in combustion process, and make raw material Thorough combustion, object directly obtains heat, and the product after burning is the flue gas that carbon dioxide and steam etc. can not burn again; Gasification only supplies the part oxygen needed for thermal chemical reaction, and is retained by energy in the fuel gas obtained after the reaction as far as possible, and the product after gasification is containing CO, H 2, CH 4with the fuel gas of low molecular hydrocarbon.Gasification of biomass comprises drying, pyrolysis, oxidation and reduction reaction.

Organic principle in rubbish also belongs to living beings, and the organic principle therefore in rubbish also can process with gasification process, the source of Here it is refuse gasification treatment technology.

But suitable sorting and drying must be carried out to rubbish before refuse gasification process, be separated as far as possible by the inorganic matters such as the moisture in house refuse, dust, sand, handstone, queen closer, cullet, corrosion thing and sort out landfill disposal separately, perishable organic matter can be selected to adopt fermentation process process.

Consider the complexity of China's rubbish composition, the present situation of, mixed collection hybrid packed for China's domestic waste, from the angle of gasification process, improve effect and the efficiency of sorting consumer waste technique, simplify subsequent treatment process route, reduction investment and operating cost are the prerequisites of Gasification Technique application.

Summary of the invention

The utility model patent provides a kind of drum-type house refuse multistage broken bag, screening integral type equipment, the organic matter in house refuse and inorganic matter is discharged by different discharging openings, reaches the object of refuse classification.

The technical characteristic of this programme is:

House refuse cylinder breaks sieve all-in-one certain gradient from charging aperture to discharging opening, contributes to material and moves to discharging opening from charging aperture.

When rotary screen rotates, rubbish forwards in the rolling, and the polybag of load garbage is wherein by vertical crushing cutter scribing, and because drum rotation speed is low, and crushing cutter quantity is more, and this scribing process can be carried out repeatedly.Such polybag is through scribing effect repeatedly, and in rotary screen, in the forwarding of rubbish, polybag is broken.This device effectively can reduce the floor space of domestic garbage comprehensive treatment facility, improves the efficiency of separation of screening.

This equipment is horizontal type structure, and tilt to install, mounted angle and screen drum speed adjust the time of staying of material in screen drum jointly.Screen drum uses 4 support wheels, and the gear drive bottom driven by motor screen drum makes screen drum rotate on 4 support wheels.The motions such as the rotation of screen drum makes bagged garbage roll in screen drum, reach.The broken bag cutter arranged in screen drum, material carries out broken bag, shearing in advance process in screen drum, makes material keep sieving to greatest extent in screen drum.Material after screening is separated from the diverse location of screen drum, is transported to subsequent processing units, realizes the broken bag of house refuse in same equipment, fragmentation, screening.

Screen drum is made up of the first screening section and the second screening section, and the sieve aperture of the first screening section to be aperture be Φ 10 ~ Φ 30mm, is used for sieving inorganic dirt, handstone, brickbat head, cullet etc.; The sieve aperture of the second screening section to be aperture be Φ 30 ~ Φ 90mm, is used for sieving perishable organic matter and thicker inorganic matter.As required, the larger screening section of multiple sieve aperture can also be increased.

After crude waste sends into screen drum, moved forward by the screen drum inside that is rotated in of screen drum, broken bag and screening are carried out immediately, loose exist just complete its screening process by the first screening section based on the inorganic matter of dirt, broken sandstone, cullet and porcelain thing fragment etc. in rubbish.

After the first screening section screening, garbage decrement is obvious, and it is not tattered also to have part rubbish, can be broken further in the second bag breaking area.Along with completing of secondary broken bag process, material just enters the second screening section and proceeds screening, and the screenings of the second screening section is based on the perishable organic matter of kitchen excess and partly thicker inorganic matter.

Screen drum inner surface installs special arcuation broken bag cutter alternately in axis and circumferencial direction.Broken bag cutter is arranged on bag breaking area, makes with intensity and the higher sheet material of hardness, and is centripetal radiant type and installs.

Cylinder round sifter bag breaking area inner tube installation n is blade identical for inclination angle, and the inclination angle of blade is identical with the inclination angle pin α of cylinder round sifter, is conducive to head-on being broken by refuse bag.

Cylinder round sifter rotating speed, between 3 to 24 turns, crosses the slow or too fast separation being all not easy to rubbish.Also can increase one to multiple group of broken bag, screening section as required.

For achieving the above object, the technical scheme that the utility model provides is: a kind of horizontal Domestic garbage crushing device, it includes feed hopper, first bag breaking area, crushing cutter, front support stand, radial Reinforced Hoop, first screening section, second bag breaking area, second screening section, rear support stand, discharging opening, power gear, wherein, front support stand, rear support stand top is provided with support wheel, the feed end of screening drum, discharge end is placed in front support stand respectively, on the support wheel of rear support stand, the downward-sloping certain angle of screening drum discharge end after assembling, its angle of inclination is α, 3 0≤ α≤15 0, screening drum feed end is provided with feed hopper, and screening drum discharge end bottom is provided with discharging opening, and screening drum discharge end end is provided with power gear, screening drum inner chamber is provided with the first bag breaking area, the first screening section, the second bag breaking area, the second screening section successively from feed end to discharge end, wherein, n is installed crushing cutter identical for vertical angle of deviation with on the second bag breaking area inwall in first bag breaking area, 3≤n≤20, broken knife up 50 ~ 150mm, wide 30 ~ 100mm, cutting edge is curved, and having certain degree of skewness, the angle of deviation of blade is identical with the inclined angle alpha of screening drum, and the direction that cutting edge rolls in face of rubbish, the outer wall of the first screening section and the second screening section is evenly equipped with some screening holes, the screening bore dia of the first screening section is d1, φ 20≤d1≤φ 40, the screening bore dia of the second screening section is d2, d2 > d1, φ 40≤d2≤φ 90, screening drum outer peripheral face is provided with some radial Reinforced Hoop.

The advantage of this programme is:

(1) house refuse cylinder screening all-in-one is developed for the house refuse present situation of current part Chinese residents, has great help to refuse gasification process.

(2) integrated broken bag, screening plant structure simply, manufacture easy to maintenance, and regulating power is strong, are applicable to different treatment scales, are beneficial to and apply.

Screen drum diameter compared with large, rotating speed is low, smooth running, noise are little.

(4) integrate broken bag, fragmentation, screening, adapt to high-moisture percentage refuse.

(5) screening efficiency is high, screening effect obvious, simplifies pretreating process route.

Accompanying drawing explanation

Fig. 1 is overall structure schematic diagram of the present utility model.

Fig. 2 is the cut-away view of Fig. 1.

Fig. 3 is process chart of the present utility model.

Fig. 4 is angle of inclination of the present utility model schematic diagram.

Detailed description of the invention

Below in conjunction with institute's drawings attached, the utility model is described in further detail, preferred embodiment of the present utility model is: see accompanying drawing 1 to accompanying drawing 4, the horizontal Domestic garbage crushing device of one described in the present embodiment includes feed hopper 1, first bag breaking area 2, crushing cutter 3, front support stand 4, radial Reinforced Hoop 5, first screening section 6, second bag breaking area 7, second screening section 8, rear support stand 9, discharging opening 10, power gear 11, wherein, front support stand 4, rear support stand 9 top is provided with support wheel, the feed end of screening drum, discharge end is placed in front support stand 4 respectively, on the support wheel of rear support stand 9, the downward-sloping certain angle of screening drum discharge end after assembling, its angle of inclination is α, 3 0≤ α≤15 0, screening drum feed end is provided with feed hopper 1, and screening drum discharge end bottom is provided with discharging opening 10, and screening drum discharge end end is provided with power gear 11, cylinder round sifter is by gear, reductor and driven by motor, and screening machine rotating speed is m, 3≤m≤24.Screening drum inner chamber is provided with the first screening section 6, second bag breaking area 7, second, bag breaking area 2, first screening section 8 successively from feed end to discharge end, wherein, n is installed crushing cutter 3 identical for vertical angle of deviation with on the second bag breaking area 7 inwall in first bag breaking area 2,3≤n≤20, the high 50 ~ 150mm of crushing cutter 3, wide 30 ~ 100mm, cutting edge is curved, and having certain degree of skewness, the angle of deviation of blade is identical with the inclined angle alpha of screening drum, and the direction that cutting edge rolls in face of rubbish; The outer wall of the first screening section 6 and the second screening section 8 is evenly equipped with some screening holes, and the screening bore dia of the first screening section 6 is d1, φ 20≤d1≤φ 40; The screening bore dia of the second screening section 8 is d2, d2 > d1, φ 40≤d2≤φ 90; Screening drum outer peripheral face is provided with some radial Reinforced Hoop 5.Support adopts channel-section steel welding, screen drum sheet material assembly welding, and cylinder body outer wall is welded with radial Reinforced Hoop; Cylindrical shell has the sieve aperture of 2 kinds of different-diameters, inner barrel is provided with broken bag and crushing cutter; Bearing block rigid bearing, has thrust function, moves down to stop screen drum; Screen drum is by each 2 the support wheel common support of front and back limb two groups; The rolling power of cylinder is provided by motor, and whole transmission system is connected on power base by shaft coupling, power transmission shaft, reductor, bearing holder (housing, cover) and bearing block.

Citing.When the house refuse for township, town, at village level other unit scale concentrates pretreatment, the important technological parameters of broken bag, screening, oven dry integrated device is as follows: treatment scale 3t/h: screen drum length 8m, diameter of phi 1000mm, quality 1t; Screen drum speed about 8r/min (VFC); Sieve diameter Φ 30mm(first screening section), Φ 60mm(second screening section); Mounted angle 7 °; Screen drum power of motor 3KW; Noise≤80dB; Screening efficiency Φ 60mm sieve aperture percent of pass >=80%(refers to perishable organic matter and thick inorganic matter), Φ 30mm sieve aperture percent of pass >=70%(refers to inorganic matter); Broken bag efficiency >=90%.The material that the material of the first screening section accounts for the about 30% of material gross mass, second screening section accounts for about 15%, and the material of oversize accounts for about 50%, separately has portion of water to evaporate, overall and waste component is close.

Claims (1)

1. a horizontal Domestic garbage crushing device, it is characterized in that: it includes feed hopper (1), first bag breaking area (2), crushing cutter (3), front support stand (4), radial Reinforced Hoop (5), first screening section (6), second bag breaking area (7), second screening section (8), rear support stand (9), discharging opening (10), power gear (11), wherein, front support stand (4), rear support stand (9) top is provided with support wheel, the feed end of screening drum, discharge end is placed in front support stand (4) respectively, on the support wheel of rear support stand (9), the downward-sloping certain angle of screening drum discharge end after assembling, its angle of inclination is α, 3 0≤ α≤15 0, screening drum feed end is provided with feed hopper (1), and screening drum discharge end bottom is provided with discharging opening (10), and screening drum discharge end end is provided with power gear (11), screening drum inner chamber is provided with the first bag breaking area (2), the first screening section (6), the second bag breaking area (7), the second screening section (8) successively from feed end to discharge end, wherein, first bag breaking area (2) with the second bag breaking area (7) inwall is installed n crushing cutter (3) identical for vertical angle of deviation, 3≤n≤20, crushing cutter (3) high 50 ~ 150mm, wide 30 ~ 100mm, cutting edge is curved, and have certain degree of skewness, the angle of deviation of blade is identical with the inclined angle alpha of screening drum, and the direction that cutting edge rolls in face of rubbish, the outer wall of the first screening section (6) and the second screening section (8) is evenly equipped with some screening holes, and the screening bore dia of the first screening section (6) is d1, φ 20≤d1≤φ 40, the screening bore dia of the second screening section (8) is d2, d2 > d1, φ 40≤d2≤φ 90, screening drum outer peripheral face is provided with some radial Reinforced Hoop (5).
CN201520659770.7U 2015-08-29 2015-08-29 Horizontal domestic waste breaker CN204912249U (en)

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105688489A (en) * 2016-03-10 2016-06-22 赵颖 Drum screening machine and application thereof in oil sludge treatment
CN106238180A (en) * 2016-09-26 2016-12-21 深圳申佳原环保科技有限公司 Integrated high-efficiency mud dregs processing means
CN106423422A (en) * 2016-09-26 2017-02-22 深圳申佳原环保科技有限公司 Integrated abrasion-resisting sludge muck treatment device
CN106423423A (en) * 2016-09-26 2017-02-22 深圳申佳原环保科技有限公司 Integrated silt residue soil treatment device good in grinding effect
CN107593081A (en) * 2017-08-18 2018-01-19 昆明理工大学 A kind of sweet potato combining screening machine

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105688489A (en) * 2016-03-10 2016-06-22 赵颖 Drum screening machine and application thereof in oil sludge treatment
CN106238180A (en) * 2016-09-26 2016-12-21 深圳申佳原环保科技有限公司 Integrated high-efficiency mud dregs processing means
CN106423422A (en) * 2016-09-26 2017-02-22 深圳申佳原环保科技有限公司 Integrated abrasion-resisting sludge muck treatment device
CN106423423A (en) * 2016-09-26 2017-02-22 深圳申佳原环保科技有限公司 Integrated silt residue soil treatment device good in grinding effect
WO2018064858A1 (en) * 2016-09-26 2018-04-12 深圳申佳原环保科技有限公司 Integrated wear-resistant silt and residual soil processing apparatus
WO2018064860A1 (en) * 2016-09-26 2018-04-12 深圳申佳原环保科技有限公司 Integrated type mud and sand treatment device with good grinding effect
CN107593081A (en) * 2017-08-18 2018-01-19 昆明理工大学 A kind of sweet potato combining screening machine

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GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20151230

Termination date: 20180829