CN204894597U - Briquetting machine - Google Patents

Briquetting machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204894597U
CN204894597U CN201520536411.2U CN201520536411U CN204894597U CN 204894597 U CN204894597 U CN 204894597U CN 201520536411 U CN201520536411 U CN 201520536411U CN 204894597 U CN204894597 U CN 204894597U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
rotating disk
hole
chassis
cuber
walking
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Withdrawn - After Issue
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CN201520536411.2U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
刘占华
曹志成
薛逊
吴道洪
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Beijing Shenwu Environmental and Energy Technology Co Ltd
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Beijing Shenwu Environmental and Energy Technology Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201520536411.2U priority Critical patent/CN204894597U/en
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a briquetting machine, include: chassis, support column, a supporting beam, shifting beam, drive arrangement, suppression device, charging devices, carousel subassembly, carousel transmission and master control cabinet. The shifting beam can be established between a supporting beam and chassis with reciprocating. Suppression device, charging devices establish on the shifting beam. The carousel subassembly includes at least one carousel, the mould hole link up about being equipped with on the carousel, when the carousel rotates the mould hole rotate in order to feed, pre -compaction, suppression and drawing of patterns position, charging devices corresponds charging position, the suppression device has a drift and can be in pre -compaction, suppression and drawing of patterns position department stamping die hole, the chassis is equipped with the wash port corresponding pre -compaction position department, is equipped with drawing of patterns hole corresponding drawing of patterns position department. According to the utility model discloses a briquetting machine, the suppression auxiliary movement is few, and the suppression cycle is short, and production efficiency is high. And can carry out the flowing back to the material when the pre -compaction, solved the problem that current briquetting machine can only be applicable to suppression drier or moisture less material.

Description

Cuber
Technical field
The utility model relate to compound stalk forming machinery apparatus field, especially relate to a kind of can by the cuber of hydrous powdery compound stalk forming.
Background technology
Cuber utilizes specific working media drive train pressure, by the plant equipment of different raw material compression formings.Cuber kind is more, also multiple different majors type is divided into according to different purposes cubers, as metal scrap briquetting machine, sponge iron block pressing machine, stalk block making machine, Iron concentrate cuber etc., cuber is applicable to compressed granulate material, Powdered and block stock etc., is widely used in the industry-by-industries such as pharmacy, chemical industry, smelting, building.
Should utilize more and more universal by the old metal of social development demand now, the use of metallic briquette machine also more and more obtains the attention of each producer.But along with the frequent use of metallic briquette machine, metallic briquette machine also exposes some technical problems gradually.Such as, briquetting amount is limited, and briquetting efficiency is low.Again such as, because metal fillings volume is not of uniform size, more open, cause the recovery of metal fillings to deposit and go wrong, simultaneously in briquetting process, there will be part metals bits unavoidably and do not suppress and cause metal fillings to be wasted, be unfavorable for metal fillings briquetting process.Again such as, because metal fillings has certain rigidity in briquetting process, briquetting product is fine and close not, is unfavorable for subsequent smelting.
In addition, general cuber can only be applicable to compacting siccative or moisture less material, and when running into the more material of water content, briquetting product there will be the problems such as demoulding difficulty or the shaping difference of compacted products.
Utility model content
The application is intended to one of technical problem existed in solution prior art.For this reason, the utility model aims to provide a kind of cuber, and this cuber can to the material compound stalk forming containing liquid component.
According to cuber of the present utility model, comprising: chassis, support column and brace summer, described brace summer is supported on the top on described chassis by described support column, walking beam, described walking beam can be located between described brace summer and described chassis up or down, drive unit, described drive unit is connected with described walking beam to drive described walking beam to move up and down, pressure setting, described pressure setting is located on described walking beam, feeding device, described feeding device is located on described walking beam, rotary disc assembly, described rotary disc assembly comprises at least one and is located at rotating disk on described chassis rotationally, each described rotating disk is provided with the die hole of up/down perforation, when this dial rotation, described die hole turns to charging position in turn, precompressed position, pressing position and these four procedure position of de-molding position, wherein, the corresponding described charging position of described feeding device is to feed to described die hole, described pressure setting has drift and can in described precompressed position, material in die hole described in pressing position and the punching press of de-molding position place, and described chassis is provided with osculum in the described precompressed position of correspondence, described chassis is provided with demoulding hole at the described de-molding position place of correspondence, rotary table transmission device, described rotary table transmission device is connected to drive corresponding described dial rotation at least one rotating disk described, master control cabinet, described master control cabinet is connected with described rotary table transmission device with described drive unit to control the movement of described walking beam and the rotation of at least one rotating disk described respectively respectively.
According to cuber of the present utility model, by rotating disk, die hole is set and turn to that diverse location carries out feeding respectively, precompressed, compacting and the demoulding four operations, cuber compacting auxiliary movement is less, and pressing cycle is shorter, and production efficiency is high.And being provided with osculum on chassis, precompressed position, cuber also can carry out discharge opeing process to the material containing liquid component such as water while precompressed, solves the problem that existing cuber can only be applicable to suppress siccative or moisture less material.
In certain embodiments, described rotary disc assembly comprises two contrary described rotating disks of rotation direction, and one in described four procedure position of the die hole on rotating disk described in one of them overlaps with the relevant position of the die hole on rotating disk described in another.Thus, further increase the treating capacity of cuber, improve working (machining) efficiency.And owing to adopting two rotating disks to operate simultaneously, and the rotation direction of two rotating disks is contrary, thus the vibration that causes of two dial rotation can partial offset, and this will greatly weaken relatively large problem of wearing and tearing between rotating disk and chassis.
Particularly, the described die hole on each described rotating disk is N number of, and described N number of die hole is angularly spaced apart around the pivoting centre line of corresponding described rotating disk, described N be greater than 1 even number; On described chassis, corresponding corresponding described rotating disk is provided with the position, hole at N number of pivoting centre line around corresponding described rotating disk angularly interval, position, described N number of hole comprises the position, precompressed hole and position, described demoulding hole that are arranged alternately, wherein, described osculum is located on position, described precompressed hole, described demoulding hole is located on position, described demoulding hole, and the center of the described die hole on each described rotating disk is equal to the distance of the pivoting centre line of corresponding described rotating disk to the center of position, each described hole to the distance of the pivoting centre line of corresponding described rotating disk.Thus, same rotating disk can there is multiple die hole carry out briquetting flow process in single swing circle simultaneously, improve production efficiency, solve the single swing circle of cuber and only can complete pressing cycle, problem that treating capacity is relatively little.
More specifically, described N is 2, and each described disk shaped becomes strip; Or described N is greater than 2, each described rotating disk has the breach for dodging described drift between adjacent two die holes.The setting of breach, can make stocking process and suppression process carry out simultaneously, and is carrying out in charging and pressing process, prepressing procedures and stripping process cannot be carried out, prepressing procedures and stripping process carry out simultaneously simultaneously, and are carrying out in precompressed and knockout course, cannot carry out stocking process and suppression process.
Alternatively, described N is greater than 2, and each described rotating disk is positive N angle star.Thus, the anatomic shape of rotating disk, and structural strength is large, can bear larger impulsive force.
In certain embodiments, described demoulding hole is through described chassis on the thickness direction on described chassis, and described cuber also comprises transporter, the briquetting that described transporter is taken off from described demoulding hole with transport under being located at described chassis.Thus realize automatic blanking and the transport of cuber, improve the automaticity of cuber, reduce hand labor intensity, improve operating efficiency.
In certain embodiments, described drive unit is hydraulic cylinder, and the cylinder body of described hydraulic cylinder is located on described brace summer, and the piston rod of described hydraulic cylinder is connected with described walking beam.
Particularly, described walking beam is located at the mating holes of up/down perforation, is enclosed within described support column outside described mating holes.Thus support column limits the horizontal moving ranges of walking beam, improve the quality of fit of walking beam, avoid the drift of pressure setting in the horizontal direction off normal cause punching press to damage on rotating disk.
More specifically, described support column is also provided with the scope that limited post moves down to limit described walking beam.Thus, pressure setting can be avoided to move and excessively to cause the excessive and excess load of compacting.
Preferably, the lower surface of described drift when the described precompressed position of correspondence and de-molding position punching press is than lower surface height 5-10mm during in correspondence described pressure setting punching press.Thus, can pre-compressed effect being improved, preventing briquetting product from causing damaging because transshipping during the demoulding.
Additional aspect of the present utility model and advantage will part provide in the following description, and part will become obvious from the following description, or be recognized by practice of the present utility model.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Above-mentioned and/or additional aspect of the present utility model and advantage will become obvious and easy understand from accompanying drawing below combining to the description of embodiment, wherein:
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the cuber according to the utility model embodiment;
Fig. 2 is the structure top view according to the wheeled rotating disk of the bidentate of the utility model embodiment;
Fig. 3 is the cuber fundamental diagram according to the utility model embodiment.
Reference numeral:
Cuber 100,
Master control cabinet 2, drive unit 3, hydraulic cylinder 30, cylinder body 301, piston rod 302, Hydraulic Station 303,
Brace summer 4, support column 5, walking beam 6, mating holes 601, pressure setting 7, drift 701, precompressed drift a, compacting drift b, stripper punch c, feeding device 8, limited post 9,
The pivoting centre line OO ' of rotary disc assembly 1, rotating disk 10, first rotating disk 101, second rotating disk 102, rotating disk,
Breach 103, die hole 104,
Chassis 12, position, hole 120, position, precompressed hole 121, position, demoulding hole 122, osculum 15, demoulding hole 16, transporter 13, rotary table transmission device 14.
Detailed description of the invention
Be described below in detail embodiment of the present utility model, the example of described embodiment is shown in the drawings, and wherein same or similar label represents same or similar element or has element that is identical or similar functions from start to finish.Be exemplary below by the embodiment be described with reference to the drawings, be intended to for explaining the utility model, and can not be interpreted as restriction of the present utility model.
In description of the present utility model, it will be appreciated that, term " " center ", " length ", " highly ", " thickness ", " on ", D score, " vertically ", " level ", " top ", " end ", " interior ", " outward ", " clockwise ", " counterclockwise ", " axis ", " radial direction ", orientation or the position relationship of the instruction such as " circumference " are based on orientation shown in the drawings or position relationship, only the utility model and simplified characterization for convenience of description, instead of indicate or imply that the device of indication or element must have specific orientation, with specific azimuth configuration and operation, therefore can not be interpreted as restriction of the present utility model.
In addition, term " first ", " second " only for describing object, and can not be interpreted as instruction or hint relative importance or imply the quantity indicating indicated technical characteristic.Thus, be limited with " first ", the feature of " second " can express or impliedly comprise one or more these features.In description of the present utility model, except as otherwise noted, the implication of " multiple " is two or more.
In description of the present utility model, unless otherwise clearly defined and limited, term " is connected ", " connection ", " fixing " should be interpreted broadly, and such as, can be fixedly connected with, also can be removably connect, or integral; Can be mechanical connection, also can be electrical connection; Can be directly be connected, also indirectly can be connected by intermediary, can be the connection of two element internals or the interaction relationship of two elements.For the ordinary skill in the art, concrete condition the concrete meaning of above-mentioned term in the utility model can be understood.
In the utility model, unless otherwise clearly defined and limited, fisrt feature second feature it " on " or D score can comprise the first and second features and directly contact, also can comprise the first and second features and not be directly contact but by the other characterisation contact between them.And, fisrt feature second feature " on ", " top " and " above " comprise fisrt feature directly over second feature and oblique upper, or only represent that fisrt feature level height is higher than second feature.Fisrt feature second feature " under ", " below " and " below " comprise fisrt feature immediately below second feature and tiltedly below, or only represent that fisrt feature level height is less than second feature.
Below with reference to Fig. 1-Fig. 2, the cuber 100 according to the utility model embodiment is described.
According to the cuber 100 of the utility model embodiment, as shown in Figure 1, comprising: chassis 12, support column 5, brace summer 4, walking beam 6, drive unit 3, pressure setting 7, feeding device 8, rotary disc assembly 1, rotary table transmission device 14 and master control cabinet 2.
Brace summer 4 is supported on the top on chassis 12 by support column 5, and walking beam 6 can be located between brace summer 4 and chassis 12 up or down, and drive unit 3 is connected to drive walking beam 6 to move up and down with walking beam 6, pressure setting 7 and feeding device 8 are located on walking beam 6.Wherein, brace summer 4 and support column 5 pairs of walking beams 6 are played a supporting role, pressure setting 7 and feeding device 8 are contained on walking beam 6, under the driving of drive unit 3, walking beam 6 drives pressure setting 7 and feeding device 8 to pump, thus the pressing cycle that circulated, drive unit 3 is suppressed for material and is provided enough pressure.
See figures.1.and.2, rotary disc assembly 1 comprises at least one and is located at rotating disk 10 on chassis 12 rotationally, each rotating disk 10 is provided with the die hole 104 of up/down perforation, when this rotating disk 10 rotates, die hole 104 turns to charging position in turn, precompressed position, pressing position and these four procedure position of de-molding position, wherein, the corresponding charging position of feeding device 8 to feed in die hole 104, pressure setting 7 has drift 701 and can in precompressed position, material in pressing position and de-molding position place punching mold hole 104, and chassis 12 is provided with osculum 15 in corresponding precompressed position, chassis 12 is provided with demoulding hole 16 at corresponding de-molding position place.Rotary table transmission device 14 is connected at least one rotating disk 10 to drive corresponding rotating disk 10 to rotate, master control cabinet 2 is connected with rotary table transmission device 14 with drive unit 3 respectively, with the rotation of the movement and rotating disk 10 that control walking beam 6 respectively, realize the continuous regular running of pressure setting 7 and rotating disk 10, the continuous pressing block completing material is shaping.
Specifically, the shape of the die hole 104 on rotating disk 10 determines the shape of product after compound stalk forming, and the height of rotating disk 10 determines the thickness of the briquetting product that corresponding rotating disk 10 is produced.When rotary table transmission device 14 drives rotating disk 10 to rotate, die hole 104 is turned to another procedure position by a procedure position by rotating disk 10, accurately charging or the punching press of the feeding device 8 on portable propelling beam 6 or pressure setting 7.
Four positions of corresponding die hole 104, cuber 100 is provided with four manufacturing procedures respectively: when die hole 104 turns to charging position, and feeding device 8 pairs of die holes 104 are feeded, and this is stocking process; When precompressed position, the material in drift 701 punching mold hole 104 of pressure setting 7, with compacting material slightly, this is prepressing procedures; When pressing position, the drift 701 of pressure setting 7 material again in punching mold hole 104, with by material briquet, this is suppression process; When de-molding position, the drift 701 of pressure setting 7 briquetting again in punching mold hole 104, to be deviate from the die hole 104 of rotating disk 10 by briquetting, the demoulding hole 16 that the briquetting after deviating from directly drops to chassis 12 is interior to facilitate briquetting to take out, and this is stripping process.Advantageously, the size in demoulding hole 16 slightly larger than the size of die hole 104, such as, in the example row of Fig. 2, die hole 104 and demoulding hole 16 are circular port, the diameter in demoulding hole 16 is greater than die hole 104, to avoid briquetting to be stuck in demoulding hole 16, thus is convenient to the smooth demoulding of briquetting product.
Advantageously, the lower surface of drift 701 when corresponding precompressed position and de-molding position punching press is than lower surface height 5-10mm during in corresponding pressure setting 7 punching press, wherein, drift 701 lower surface of corresponding precompressed position is higher than drift 701 lower surface of compacting position, can improve pre-compressed effect, when avoiding precompressed, material pressurized excessive causing cannot be shaping.Drift 701 lower surface of corresponding de-molding position is higher than drift 701 lower surface of compacting position, can prevent briquetting product from causing damaging because transshipping during the demoulding.
With reference to Fig. 2, because chassis 12 is provided with osculum 15 in corresponding precompressed position, during material therefore in drift 701 punching mold hole 104 of prepressing procedures pressure setting 7, discharge from osculum 15 after the liquid component such as the water in material can be squeezed out.Osculum 15 is microscopic pinholes, the moisture extruded can be discharged outside cuber 100 in pre-compaction process.Like this, cuber 100 is applicable to the moisture higher material of compacting (moisture reach 5 ~ 15%), by prepressing procedures, the moisture in material is reduced to 3 ~ 5%.Such as in a concrete example, the high-grade metal iron powder moisture 10 ~ 12% adopting direct-reduction-mill ore magnetic selection flow process to obtain, can be reduced to 3 ~ 5% by the moisture in prepressing procedures material.
As from the foregoing, chassis 12 is workbenches of compacting briquetting, and chassis 12 is for bearing the surge of prepressing water discharge, compressing and product stripping.And in these three operations of precompressed, compacting and the demoulding, pressure setting 7 and material directly contact and exert a force, and the precompressed that pressure setting 7 needs drive unit 3 to be briquetting, compacting and stripping process provide enough pressure.Master control cabinet 2 is connected with rotary table transmission device 14 with drive unit 3 respectively, harmonious to ensure the rotational action moving up and down action and rotating disk 10 of walking beam 6, guarantee the position inregister of rotating disk 10 mold hole 104 and feeding device 8, pressure setting 7, after rotateing in place with the die hole 104 guaranteeing on rotating disk 10, feeding device 8 can be aimed at die hole 104 and feed, and the drift 701 of pressure setting 7 can aim at punching press in die hole 104 simultaneously.
In a concrete example, the workflow of cuber 100 is: under original state, pressure setting 7 and feeding device 8 are positioned at the top of rotating disk 10.After this device start, rotary table transmission device 14 drives rotating disk 10 to rotate, charging position is turned to make rotating disk 10 mold hole 104, drive unit 3 drives walking beam 6 to move down simultaneously, after rotating disk 10 is rotated in place and feeding device 8 aims at die hole 104, feeding device 8 is opened and is loaded downwards by material in die hole 104; After stocking process completes, drive unit 3 drives walking beam 6 to move up to make pressure setting 7 and feeding device 8 and rotating disk 10 vertically spaced apart, rotary table transmission device 14 drives rotating disk 10 to turn to precompressed position, after rotating disk 10 is rotated in place, the liquid component such as walking beam 6 drives the material of pressure setting 7 downwards in punching mold hole 104, the water with precompressed material and in extruded material; After prepressing procedures completes, drive unit 3 drives walking beam 6 again to move up to make pressure setting 7 and rotating disk 10 vertically spaced apart, rotary table transmission device 14 drives rotating disk 10 to turn to pressing position, after rotating disk 10 is rotated in place, walking beam 6 drives the material in the downward punching mold hole 104 of pressure setting 7 again, so that the material in die hole 104 is pressed into bulk; After suppression process completes, drive unit 3 drives walking beam 6 to move up to make pressure setting 7 and rotating disk 10 vertically spaced apart again, rotary table transmission device 14 drives rotating disk 10 to turn to de-molding position, after rotating disk 10 is rotated in place, walking beam 6 drives the briquetting in the downward punching mold hole 104 of pressure setting 7, to be deviate from die hole 104 by briquetting and to fall in the demoulding hole 16 chassis 12.From the description of above-mentioned workflow, it is less that auxiliary movement suppressed by cuber 100, and pressing cycle is shorter, and production efficiency is high.
According to the cuber 100 of the utility model embodiment, by on rotating disk 10, die hole 104 is set and turn to that diverse location carries out feeding respectively, precompressed, compacting and the demoulding four operations, it is less that auxiliary movement suppressed by cuber 100, and pressing cycle is shorter, and production efficiency is high.And being provided with osculum 15 on chassis, precompressed position 12, cuber 100 also can carry out discharge opeing process to the material containing liquid component such as water while precompressed, solves the problem that existing cuber can only be applicable to suppress siccative or moisture less material.
In certain embodiments, as shown in Fig. 2 and Fig. 1, the upper through chassis 12 of the thickness direction (as Fig. 1 in above-below direction) of demoulding hole 16 on chassis 12, cuber 100 also comprises transporter 13, and transporter 13 is located at the briquetting that chassis is taken off from demoulding hole 16 with transport for 12 times.That is; material complete on rotating disk 10 compressing after; briquetting is flushed in demoulding hole 16 by from drift 701; drop to transporter 13 from demoulding hole 16 afterwards, be transported to storeroom by transporter 13 and store up or subsequent processing, decrease cuber 100 and shut down the process taking out of briquetting; thus realize automatic blanking and the transport of cuber 100; improve the automaticity of cuber 100, reduce hand labor intensity, improve operating efficiency.
Preferably, transporter 13 is belt conveyer, thus, and the impulsive force that transporter 13 available buffer briquetting falls down, and structure is simple, stable working is reliable, and to material strong adaptability, conveying capacity is large, and power consumption is little.
Certainly, in the utility model embodiment, the lower of chassis 12 can arrange storing frame, and storing frame just arranges to collect briquetting product to demoulding hole 16, after briquetting is filled with, is shifted out by storing frame by artificial or car mode of drawing.
In certain embodiments, as shown in Figure 1, drive unit 3 is hydraulic cylinder 30, and the cylinder body 301 of hydraulic cylinder 30 is located on brace summer 4, and the piston rod 302 of hydraulic cylinder 30 is connected with walking beam 6.That is, in the utility model embodiment, the working media of the drive train pressure of cuber 100 is Fluid-transmission, and cuber 100 is the hydraulic press of hydraulic transmission technology.Certainly, the utility model is not limited thereto, and the working media of the drive train pressure of cuber 100 also can be machine driving, does not do concrete restriction here.
Particularly, drive unit 3 also comprises Hydraulic Station 303, and Hydraulic Station 303 is connected by pipeline with cylinder body 301, and master control cabinet 2 is connected with Hydraulic Station 303 liquid measure transmitted to cylinder body 301 with hydraulic control station 303.
Master control cabinet 2 is by regulating the pressure of Hydraulic Station 303, pressure setting 7 on walking beam 6 and feeding device 8 is conducted to through hydraulic cylinder 30, the cabinet of master control simultaneously 2 is by regulating rotary table transmission device 14, control rotational frequency and the speed of rotating disk 10, thus guarantee the position inregister of rotating disk 10 mold hole 104 and pressure setting 7.
Particularly, walking beam 6 is located at the mating holes 601 of up/down perforation, is enclosed within outside mating holes 601 on support column 5.That is, walking beam 6 moves up and down along support column 5, thus support column 5 limits the horizontal moving ranges of walking beam 6, improve the quality of fit of walking beam 6, avoid the drift 701 of pressure setting 7 in the horizontal direction off normal cause punching press to damage on rotating disk 10.
More specifically, as shown in Figure 1, support column 5 is also provided with the scope that limited post 9 moves down with restraint beam 6, namely limited post 9 limits the maximum moving range of walking beam 6 and pressure setting 7, avoids pressure setting 7 to move and excessively causes the excessive and excess load of compacting.
Alternatively, limited post 9 is formed as tubular and is enclosed within outward on support column 5.
Advantageously, can sensor installation on limited post 9, and feed back to master control cabinet 2 by PLC system, damage because of overload to prevent cuber 100.
Particularly, as shown in Figure 2, the die hole 104 on each rotating disk 10 is N number of, N number of die hole 104 around pivoting centre line OO ' the angularly interval of corresponding rotating disk 10, N be greater than 1 even number.On chassis 12, corresponding corresponding rotating disk 10 is provided with position, N number of hole 120, position, N number of hole 120 is angularly spaced apart around the pivoting centre line OO ' of corresponding rotating disk 10, position, N number of hole 120 comprises the position, precompressed hole 121 and position, demoulding hole 122 that are arranged alternately, osculum 15 is located on position, precompressed hole 121, and demoulding hole 16 is located on position, demoulding hole 122.Here, position, precompressed hole 121 refers to when rotating disk 10 mold hole 104 moves to precompressed position, the orthographic projection region of die hole 104 on chassis 12, simultaneously, position, demoulding hole 122 refers to when rotating disk 10 mold hole 104 moves to de-molding position, the orthographic projection region of die hole 104 on chassis 12.
Wherein, the center of the die hole 104 on each rotating disk 10 is equal to the distance of the pivoting centre line OO ' of corresponding rotating disk 10 with the center of position, each hole 120 to the distance of the pivoting centre line OO ' of corresponding rotating disk 10.
Like this, same rotating disk 10 can there is multiple die hole 104 carry out briquetting flow process in single swing circle simultaneously, improve production efficiency, solve the single swing circle of cuber 100 and only can complete pressing cycle, problem that treating capacity is relatively little.
In some concrete examples, N is 2, and each rotating disk 10 is formed as strip, and two die holes 104 on rotating disk 10 are located at the two ends of strip rotating disk 10 respectively.
In other concrete examples, as shown in Figure 2, N is greater than 2, and each rotating disk 10 has the breach 103 for dodging drift 701 between adjacent two die holes 104, and the quantity of the die hole 104 on single rotating disk 10 can be 4,6,8
Here, when rotary disc assembly 1 comprises multiple rotating disk 10, the quantity of the die hole 104 on each rotating disk 10 can identical also can be different, here concrete restriction is not done, such as, when the quantity in a rotating disk 10 mold hole 104 is 4, the quantity of the die hole 104 on another rotating disk 10 can be 2 or 4 even 8.
Wherein, two die holes 104 adjacent on rotating disk 10 arrange breach 103, the die hole 104 on same rotating disk 10 can be made to intersect and carry out four manufacturing procedures.
Specifically, for the cuber 100 shown in Fig. 3, rotating disk 10 is provided with 4 die holes 104, and to there being a breach 103 between two adjacent die holes 104, namely rotating disk 10 is provided with 4 breach 103.To being provided with position, 2 precompressed holes 121 and the position, 2 demoulding holes 122 at angularly interval by rotating disk 10 on chassis 12, position, precompressed hole 121 and position, demoulding hole 122 are arranged alternately.
Corresponding walking beam 6 is provided with 2 feeding devices 8 and 6 drifts, 701,2 feeding devices 8 and 6 drifts 701 and angularly arranges at interval around the pivoting centre line OO ' of rotating disk 10.The drift 701 of corresponding prepressing procedures, suppression process and stripping process is respectively: precompressed drift a, compacting drift b and stripper punch c, above-mentioned parts along clockwise direction distributing order are: feeding device 8, precompressed drift a, compacting drift b, stripper punch c, feeding device 8, precompressed drift a, compacting drift b and stripper punch c, wherein, position, demoulding hole 122 on corresponding chassis 12, position, precompressed hole 121, stripper punch c on the corresponding chassis 12 of precompressed drift a.
As shown in (1) in Fig. 3, when the die hole of 4 on rotating disk 10 104 turns to the position between adjacent position, precompressed hole 121 and position, demoulding hole 122 respectively, after walking beam 6 moves down, 2 feeding devices 8 and 2 compacting drift b face 4 die holes 104 on rotating disk 10,2 precompressed drift a and 2 stripper punch c face 4 breach 103 on rotating disk 10, now stocking process and suppression process can carry out simultaneously, and carrying out in charging and pressing process, cannot prepressing procedures and stripping process be carried out.
As shown in (2) in Fig. 3, after rotating disk 10 rotates 45 degree along clockwise direction, 2 die holes 104 on rotating disk 10 turn to position 121, precompressed hole place, another 2 die holes 104 turn to position, position 122, demoulding hole, after walking beam 6 moves down, 2 precompressed drift a and 2 stripper punch c face 4 die holes 104 on rotating disk 10, 2 feeding devices 8 and 2 compacting drift b face 4 breach 103 on rotating disk 10, now prepressing procedures and stripping process can carry out simultaneously, and carrying out in precompressed and knockout course, stocking process and suppression process cannot be carried out.
Alternatively, N is greater than 2, and each rotating disk 10 is positive N angle star.Thus, under the prerequisite of not interfering drift 701, the anatomic shape of rotating disk 10, and structural strength is large, can bear larger impulsive force.
Such as, in the figure 2 example, two rotating disks 10 are equipped with 4 die holes 104, each rotating disk 10 is all formed as positive corner star, and the center of die hole 104 is on the diagonal angle axis of the rotating disk 10 of positive corner star.Again such as, N can be 8, and corresponding rotating disk 10 is positive anistree star.
Advantageously, when rotating disk 10 is positive N angle star, the top, angle of rotating disk 10 arranges die hole 104 after circular arc chamfering, and two sidewalls namely rotating disk 10 being arranged the branch of die hole 104 are connected by arc transition.
In certain embodiments, as shown in Figure 2, rotary disc assembly 1 comprises two contrary rotating disks 10 of rotation direction, and one in four procedure position of the die hole 104 on one of them rotating disk 10 overlaps with the relevant position of the die hole 104 on another rotating disk 10.Wherein, power is sent to two rotating disks 10 on chassis 12 by rotary table transmission device 14, and ensure rotating disk 10 at the uniform velocity, fine rotational.
Thus, further increase the treating capacity of cuber 100, improve working (machining) efficiency.And owing to adopting two rotating disks 10 to operate simultaneously, and the rotation direction of two rotating disks 10 is contrary, thus two rotating disks 10 rotate the vibration that causes can partial offset, this will greatly weaken relatively large problem of wearing and tearing between rotating disk 10 and chassis 12.
Particularly, two rotating disks 10 comprise the first rotating disk 101 and the second rotating disk 102, two rotating disks 10 are arranged in the same level on chassis 12, and two rotating disks 10 are reverse at the uniform velocity to operate.Each rotating disk 10 is provided with multiple die hole 104, and each rotating disk 10 mold hole 104 is the half of the pivoting centre line OO ' distance of two rotating disks 10 to the distance of the pivoting centre line OO ' of corresponding rotating disk 10.Namely in the figure 2 example, the radius of a circle that each rotating disk 10 is formed centrally in multiple die hole 104 is R, and the pivot center point of two rotating disks 10 is respectively O1 and O2, and the two distance is the length of line segment O1O2, R=O1O2/2.
More specifically, the shape of the multiple die holes 104 on two rotating disks 10 is consistent, equal and opposite in direction, like this, the size of multiple drifts 701 of the pressure setting 7 of two rotating disk 10 correspondences is also equal, like this, the drift 701 at corresponding above-mentioned overlapping positions place can carry out good punching press to the die hole 104 on two rotating disks 10.Each rotating disk 10 has the breach 103 for dodging drift 701 between adjacent two die holes 104, when the die hole 104 on a rotating disk 10 moves to overlapping positions, the branch being provided with this die hole 104 of this rotating disk 10 is just positioned at the breach 103 of another rotating disk 10, and namely two rotating disks 10 are engaged running alternately in gear-like.
Structure chart 2 and Fig. 1 describe the structure of the cuber 100 according to a preferred embodiment of the present utility model in detail below.
In the preferred embodiment, as shown in Figure 2, the core component of cuber 100 is the wheeled rotary disc assembly 1 of bidentate.Two rotating disks 10 are positive corner star, and the first rotating disk 101 is provided with on four die holes 104, second rotating disk 102 and is also provided with four die holes 104.Corresponding first rotating disk 101 in chassis 12 is provided with position, four holes 120, and wherein position, two holes 120 is for being provided with the position, precompressed hole 121 of osculum 15, and other two apertures position 120 is position, demoulding hole 122.Like this, on walking beam 6, corresponding first rotating disk 101 is provided with 2 feeding devices 8, and corresponding first rotating disk 101 is provided with 6 pressure settings 7.Corresponding second rotating disk 102 in chassis 12 is provided with position, four holes 120, and wherein position, two holes 120 is for being provided with the position, precompressed hole 121 of osculum 15, and other two apertures position 120 is position, demoulding hole 122.Like this, on walking beam 6, corresponding second rotating disk 102 is provided with 2 feeding devices 8, and corresponding second rotating disk 102 is provided with 6 pressure settings 7.
Wherein, a pressing position of two rotating disks 10 coincides, and because die hole 104 alternating movement on two rotating disks 10 is to the pressing position of this coincidence, therefore two, this pressing position place rotating disk 10 can use same pressure setting 7.Like this, two rotating disks 10 can save a pressure setting 7, and on walking beam 6, corresponding two rotating disks 10 are provided with 4 feeding devices 8 and 11 pressure settings 7.
Particularly, as shown in Figure 2, on single rotating disk 10, adjacent two die hole 104 angles are 90 degree.The angle of the position, 4 holes 120 of the corresponding corresponding rotating disk 101 in chassis 12 is also 90 degree, and between adjacent two procedure position of single die hole 104, angle is 45 degree.
Wherein, the charging position in two rotating disk 10 mold holes 104 lays respectively on BB ' line and CC ' line, and the pressing position in two rotating disk 10 mold holes 104 is positioned on AA ' line.Wherein 3 pressure settings 7 overlap with the die hole 104 on rotating disk 10 is vertical on AA direction, other 8 pressure settings 7 are vertical corresponding with position, position 122, demoulding hole with position, precompressed hole 121 respectively, and the compacting drift 701 of these 8 pressure settings 75 ~ 10mm slightly thinner than compacting drift 701 thickness on AA direction.4 feeding devices 8 respectively on BB and CC direction, and overlap with rotating disk 10 mold hole 104 is vertical, so that material accurately loads in die hole 104.
In an embody rule of the preferred embodiment, the rotation direction that the compacting flow process of cuber 100 presses rotating disk 10 is charging-precompressed-compacting-demoulding in turn, wherein suppress on AA direction, in BB or CC direction, enterprising luggage material, carries out precompressed and the demoulding in other directions.Briquetting raw material for obtain metal iron powder after " direct-reduction-mill ore magnetic selection ", and its TFe grade is more than 88%, and water content is 12%.In cuber 100 running, this water-containing materials is fed in feeding device 8 continuously by batcher, and by two die holes 104 on loading first rotating disk 101 of feeding device 8 accurate quantitative analysis.
After rotary table transmission device 14 starts running, first rotating disk 101 at the uniform velocity operates 45 degree in the direction of the clock, meanwhile the second rotating disk 102 is by counterclockwise at the uniform velocity operating 45 degree, after rotating disk 10 stops, the die hole 104 first rotating disk 101 being equipped with material operates on position, precompressed hole 121, by pressure setting 7 compacting downwards to complete pre-press-dehydrating to the material in die hole 104, the die hole 104 of the second rotating disk 102 operates to AA and CC direction respectively, completes charging by feeding device 8 to two die holes 104 of the second rotating disk 102 on CC direction.
Afterwards, first rotating disk 101 at the uniform velocity operates 45 degree again in the direction of the clock, meanwhile the second rotating disk 102 is by counterclockwise at the uniform velocity operating 45 degree, after rotating disk 10 stops, pressure setting 7 completes compressing to the material in two die holes 104 of the first rotating disk 101 on AA direction, feeding device 8 completes charging to two die holes 104 of the first rotating disk 101 on BB direction, and pressure setting 7 completes pre-press-dehydrating to the material in the die hole 104 on the second rotating disk 102.
In addition after, master control cabinet 2 starts belt conveyer, first rotating disk 101 continues at the uniform velocity to operate 45 degree in the direction of the clock, meanwhile the second rotating disk 102 is by counterclockwise also continuing at the uniform velocity to operate 45 degree, after rotating disk 10 stops, pressure setting 7 completes the demoulding to the briquetting product of the first rotating disk 101 in mold hole, position 122, demoulding hole 104, pressure setting 7 also completes pre-press-dehydrating to the material of two die holes 104 the first rotating disk 101 being positioned at position 121, precompressed hole place, feeding device 8 completes charging to two die holes 104 of the second rotating disk 102 on CC direction, pressure setting 7 also completes compressing to the material in two die holes 104 of the second rotating disk 102 on AA direction, and the briquetting product completing the demoulding drops on transporter 13 through chassis 12, and store up outside being transported to by belt conveyer.
After above-mentioned steps completes, first rotating disk 101 continues at the uniform velocity to operate 45 degree in the direction of the clock, meanwhile the second rotating disk 102 is by counterclockwise also continuing at the uniform velocity to operate 45 degree, after rotating disk 10 stops, feeding device 8 completes charging to two die holes 104 of the first rotating disk 101 on BB direction, pressure setting 7 completes compressing to the material in two die holes 104 of the first rotating disk 101 on AA direction, pressure setting 7 completes the demoulding to the briquetting product in two die holes 104 of the second rotating disk 102 on position, demoulding hole 122, pressure setting 7 also completes pre-press-dehydrating to the material in two die holes 104 another on the second rotating disk 102.
Afterwards, the first rotating disk 101 and the second rotating disk 102 to have circulated whole pressing cycle by above-mentioned operation respectively successively, and the moisture finally obtaining briquetting product is less than 5%.
Said apparatus starts and operation control system is installed on master control cabinet 2, by the series connection of PLC system, sensor, overload or abnormal self-locking protecting device, to ensure stable, continuous, the safe handling of equipment.
In the description of this description, specific features, structure, material or feature that the description of reference term " embodiment ", " some embodiments ", " example ", " concrete example " or " some examples " etc. means to describe in conjunction with this embodiment or example are contained at least one embodiment of the present utility model or example.In this manual, identical embodiment or example are not necessarily referred to the schematic representation of above-mentioned term.And the specific features of description, structure, material or feature can combine in an appropriate manner in any one or more embodiment or example.
Although illustrate and described embodiment of the present utility model, those having ordinary skill in the art will appreciate that: can carry out multiple change, amendment, replacement and modification to these embodiments when not departing from principle of the present utility model and aim, scope of the present utility model is by claim and equivalents thereof.

Claims (10)

1. a cuber, is characterized in that, comprising:
Chassis, support column and brace summer, described brace summer is supported on the top on described chassis by described support column;
Walking beam, described walking beam can be located between described brace summer and described chassis up or down;
Drive unit, described drive unit is connected with described walking beam to drive described walking beam to move up and down;
Pressure setting, described pressure setting is located on described walking beam;
Feeding device, described feeding device is located on described walking beam;
Rotary disc assembly, described rotary disc assembly comprises at least one and is located at rotating disk on described chassis rotationally, each described rotating disk is provided with the die hole of up/down perforation, when this dial rotation, described die hole turns to charging position in turn, precompressed position, pressing position and these four procedure position of de-molding position, wherein, the corresponding described charging position of described feeding device is to feed to described die hole, described pressure setting has drift and can in described precompressed position, material in die hole described in pressing position and the punching press of de-molding position place, and described chassis is provided with osculum in the described precompressed position of correspondence, described chassis is provided with demoulding hole at the described de-molding position place of correspondence,
Rotary table transmission device, described rotary table transmission device is connected to drive corresponding described dial rotation at least one rotating disk described;
Master control cabinet, described master control cabinet is connected with described rotary table transmission device with described drive unit to control the movement of described walking beam and the rotation of at least one rotating disk described respectively respectively.
2. cuber according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described rotary disc assembly comprises two contrary described rotating disks of rotation direction, and one in described four procedure position of the die hole on rotating disk described in one of them overlaps with the relevant position of the die hole on rotating disk described in another.
3. cuber according to claim 1 and 2, is characterized in that, the described die hole on each described rotating disk is N number of, and described N number of die hole is angularly spaced apart around the pivoting centre line of corresponding described rotating disk, described N be greater than 1 even number;
On described chassis, corresponding corresponding described rotating disk is provided with the position, hole at N number of pivoting centre line around corresponding described rotating disk angularly interval, position, described N number of hole comprises the position, precompressed hole and position, described demoulding hole that are arranged alternately, wherein, described osculum is located on position, described precompressed hole, described demoulding hole is located on position, described demoulding hole
The center of the described die hole on each described rotating disk is equal to the distance of the pivoting centre line of corresponding described rotating disk to the center of position, each described hole to the distance of the pivoting centre line of corresponding described rotating disk.
4. cuber according to claim 3, is characterized in that, described N is 2, and each described disk shaped becomes strip; Or
Described N is greater than 2, and each described rotating disk has the breach for dodging described drift between adjacent two die holes.
5. cuber according to claim 4, is characterized in that, described N is greater than 2, and each described rotating disk is positive N angle star.
6. cuber according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described demoulding hole is through described chassis on the thickness direction on described chassis,
Described cuber also comprises transporter, the briquetting that described transporter is taken off from described demoulding hole with transport under being located at described chassis.
7. cuber according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described drive unit is hydraulic cylinder, and the cylinder body of described hydraulic cylinder is located on described brace summer, and the piston rod of described hydraulic cylinder is connected with described walking beam.
8. cuber according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described walking beam is located at the mating holes of up/down perforation, is enclosed within described support column outside described mating holes.
9. cuber according to claim 8, is characterized in that, described support column is also provided with the scope that limited post moves down to limit described walking beam.
10. cuber according to claim 1, is characterized in that, the lower surface of described drift when the described precompressed position of correspondence and de-molding position punching press is than lower surface height 5-10mm during in correspondence described pressure setting punching press.
CN201520536411.2U 2015-07-22 2015-07-22 Briquetting machine Withdrawn - After Issue CN204894597U (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520536411.2U CN204894597U (en) 2015-07-22 2015-07-22 Briquetting machine

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105034436A (en) * 2015-07-22 2015-11-11 北京神雾环境能源科技集团股份有限公司 Briquetting machine
CN105599341A (en) * 2016-04-10 2016-05-25 刘凡 Powder shaping machine

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105034436A (en) * 2015-07-22 2015-11-11 北京神雾环境能源科技集团股份有限公司 Briquetting machine
CN105599341A (en) * 2016-04-10 2016-05-25 刘凡 Powder shaping machine

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Granted publication date: 20151223

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