CN204880786U - Solar water heater convenient to installation - Google Patents

Solar water heater convenient to installation Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204880786U
CN204880786U CN201520555642.8U CN201520555642U CN204880786U CN 204880786 U CN204880786 U CN 204880786U CN 201520555642 U CN201520555642 U CN 201520555642U CN 204880786 U CN204880786 U CN 204880786U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
heat
water
thermal
water pipe
arrest
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201520555642.8U
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Chinese (zh)
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吴刚
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吴刚
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Priority to CN201520555642.8U priority Critical patent/CN204880786U/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/40Solar thermal energy, e.g. solar towers
    • Y02E10/44Heat exchange systems

Abstract

Solar water heater convenient to installation includes the thermal -arrest board and centers on the peripheral thermal -arrest water pipe of thermal -arrest board, its characterized in that: the thermal -arrest board is located the heat -sink shell below the printing opacity glass layer including the printing opacity glass layer that is located the top to and be located the heat conduction coating of heat -sink shell below, the heat conduction coating with the absorptive sunlight thermal conductance of heat -sink shell to its periphery, and the heat conduction coating with the contact of thermal -arrest water pipe fixed connection, the thermal -arrest water pipe has two tip to two tip lead to pipe and communicate respectively to the water storage bucket and the external cold water pipe of water heater. This solar water heater convenient to installation, not only simple structure is efficient, and is with low costs, and collecting efficiency is good moreover, can effectively utilize the heat energy of solar energy to carry out the heat supply, for the heat supply of heat utilization device.

Description

Be convenient to the solar water heater installed
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of solar water heater.
Background technology
Solar energy is primary energy, is again regenerative resource.Its aboundresources, both can freely use, again without the need to transport, to environment without any pollution.In solar energy heating utilization, key is that the radiant energy of the sun is converted to heat energy.Because solar energy compares dispersion, it must be managed to put together.
Solar water heater is a kind of important device of radiant energy of the concentrated sun, after the solar energy of dispersion can being concentrated, is translated into heat energy.
Common solar water heater, comprises heat collector, and described heat collector comprises pipe in outer tube and thermal-arrest, and in described thermal-arrest, pipe is arranged in described outer tube, is vacuum between the two.
Therefore, how improving the Heat-collecting effect of pipe in thermal-arrest, is the key point improving solar water heater efficiency.
In order to improve the efficiency of solar thermal collector, unique effective way is keeping gathering solar energy to greatest extent while, many patents are in order to reduce its convection current and radiation heat loss as far as possible, a large amount of work has been carried out to the collecting plate material of adopted heat collector, but, major part all have employed the method for coating, from nonselective common pitch-dark to optionally vulcanized lead, metal oxide coating, from black nickel, black chromium to anodized coating etc.
Current China flat heat collection plate sorbent surface mainly adopts black chromium selective coating on titanium-nitrogen-oxygen compound heat absorbing coating and copper bar band.A kind of solar selectively absorbing coating and preparation method thereof is disclosed in Chinese utility model patent description CN101250688A, this absorbed layer comprises absorbed layer and antireflection layer, and absorbed layer is by TiO layer in TiN layer of the TiN layer of sputtering sedimentation on matrix, sputtering sedimentation and the TiO of sputtering sedimentation on TiO layer 2layer is formed, and antireflection layer position sputtering sedimentation is at TiO 2on SiO 2layer.Existing titanium-nitrogen-oxygen compound heat absorbing coating material is heat-absorbing material best at present, its absorptivity up to 96%, reflectivity about about 0.2%, but the preparation method of this coating is magnetron sputtering technique, equipment investment is large, and quality difficulty controls, and therefore cost is higher and be unfavorable for low-carbon environment-friendly.
Chinese utility model patent description CN101864582A then discloses a kind of preparation method of aluminum base large-area electroplating black chromium solar heat collecting panel.The preparation method of this utility model utilizes the black chromium process of trivalent chromium plating to prepare efficient solar energy heat absorbing coating on large area aluminium sheet.Although black chrome coating material is also good heat-absorbing material, its absorptivity about about 91%, reflectivity is then up to 5%, absorptivity-emissivity ratio (α/ε) is close to 6 ~ 13, but this kind of material adopts electrochemistry electroplating method to prepare usually, the configuration of electroplate liquid plating solution is complicated, and production cost is high and have pollution to environment.
Utility model content
The solar water heater being convenient to install that technical problem to be solved in the utility model is to provide that a kind of collecting efficiency is high and conversion efficiency is high, cost is low.
The utility model solves the problems of the technologies described above adopted technical scheme: be convenient to the solar water heater installed, comprise collecting plate and the thermal-arrest water pipe around collecting plate periphery, it is characterized in that: described collecting plate comprises the translucent glass layer being positioned at top, be positioned at the heat-sink shell below translucent glass layer, and the heat conducting coating be positioned at below heat-sink shell, the sunlight heat that heat-sink shell absorbs is directed at its periphery by described heat conducting coating, and described heat conducting coating is fixedly connected with described thermal-arrest water pipe and contacts, described thermal-arrest water pipe has two ends, and two ends are communicated to the water butt of water heater and the cold water pipe in the external world respectively by water pipe.
Higher in order to make solar energy convert the efficiency of heat energy to, the below of described heat conducting coating has adiabator layer.
In order to make heat transfer efficiency better, and cost is low, and described heat conducting coating is grapheme material.
Preferably, described two ends are connected to water pipe by a connection piece, and described water pipe comprises the hard tube wall being positioned at outside and two flexible pipes being positioned at hard tube wall, and described two flexible pipes are communicated to the two ends of thermal-arrest water pipe respectively by connector.
In order to anti-antipriming pipe is freezing, described flexible pipe water does not within it flow or does not have to be shrunk to internal diameter less state during water, when water is by flowing, can expand into the state that internal diameter is larger.
As another embodiment of the present utility model, described thermal-arrest water pipe is around described collecting plate and have two ends, and described two ends are respectively water inlet end and water side, and described water inlet end and water side are communicated to two water pipes respectively.
Compared with prior art, the utility model has the advantage of that this is convenient to the solar water heater installed, not only structure is simple, and efficiency is high, and cost is low, and collecting efficiency is good, can effectively utilize the heat energy of solar energy to carry out heat supply, is heat-energy utilizing device heat supply.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the schematic diagram being convenient to the solar water heater installed of the utility model embodiment.
Fig. 2 is the schematic cross-section being convenient to the solar water heater installed of the utility model embodiment.
Fig. 3 is the sectional view (in water pipe, current stop flow regime) being convenient to the water pipe of the solar water heater installed of the utility model embodiment.
Fig. 4 is the sectional view (in water pipe current flow regime) being convenient to the water pipe of the solar water heater installed of the utility model embodiment.
Fig. 5 is the schematic diagram being convenient to the solar water heater installed of another embodiment of the utility model.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing embodiment, the utility model is described in further detail.
As Figure 1-4, the solar water heater being convenient to install of the utility model embodiment, comprises collecting plate 1, and the thermal-arrest water pipe 2 that the periphery one of surrounded set hot plate 1 encloses, and the water pipe 3 be connected with thermal-arrest water pipe 2.
As shown in Figure 2, this collecting plate 1 comprises the translucent glass layer 11 being positioned at top, be generally special safety glass, be positioned at the heat-sink shell 12 below translucent glass layer 11, this heat-sink shell 12 can be copper, aluminium alloy, Copper-Aluminum compound, stainless steel, galvanized steel, plastics, rubber etc., and heat-sink shell 12 can cover and scribble heat absorbing coating, the below of described heat-sink shell 12 is heat-conducting layer 13, this heat-conducting layer 13 is grapheme material, there is the function of directed heat conduction, the below of this heat-conducting layer 13 is adiabator layer 14, the insulation materials such as such as phenol formaldehyde foam, due to the existence of adiabator layer 14, the heat that heat-sink shell produces is directed at the periphery of heat-conducting layer 13 by heat-conducting layer 13, the thermal-arrest water pipe 2 of collecting plate 1 periphery is fixedly connected with this heat-conducting layer 13 and contacts, this thermal-arrest water pipe 2 was around collecting plate 1 one weeks, therefore two ends are comprised, an end is water inlet end 21, the other end is water side 22, this water inlet end 21 and water side 22 are communicated to extraneous water pipe respectively.Preferably, in this embodiment, this water inlet end 21 and water side 22 are all communicated to a connection piece 4, and are connected to water pipe 3 by this connector 4.Together with above-mentioned translucent glass layer 11, heat-sink shell 12 are mutually permanently connected with heat-conducting layer 13 and adiabator layer 14.
Water pipe 3, as shown in Figure 3,4, comprise the hard tube wall 31 being positioned at outside, hollow in hard tube wall 31, two flexible pipes 32 extended side by side are provided with in described hard tube wall 31, because flexible pipe 32 is positioned at hard tube wall 31, flexible pipe 32 has certain elasticity, and in water pipe during not water flowing or when current stop the water in flowing water pipe less, this flexible pipe 32 has certain elastic shrinkage and forms the less flexible pipe of internal diameter, as shown in Figure 3, when water is at water Bottomhole pressure, flexible pipe 32 is just washed open internal diameter by water and is expanded change greatly, as shown in Figure 4.Therefore, though winter water pipe be positioned at outdoor, water is frozen in when not flowing or part is frozen, and when hot water flows through, flexible pipe 32 can carry out certain expansion, water pipe can not stress uneven and break.Two flexible pipes 32 in water pipe 3 are communicated to the two ends of thermal-arrest water pipe 2 respectively, and wherein one is cold water pipe, is delivered to collecting plate 1 by extraneous cold water, and another root is hot-water line, water after the heat heating of being collected by collecting plate 1 delivers to other heat energy utilization systems, as water heater etc.
The structure that also can be this thermal-arrest water pipe 2 is identical with the structure of water pipe 3, be common water pipe structure, it is only the structure of a pipe, as shown in Figure 5, connector is not needed to be connected between thermal-arrest water pipe 2 with water pipe 3, water pipe 3 has side by side two, is connected to the two ends of thermal-arrest water pipe 2 respectively, and one in two water pipes 3 another root of water butt being connected to water heater is connected to extraneous cold water pipe.
Preferably, the material of described flexible pipe 32 is elastomeric material, can be medical grade rubber material, not only good springiness especially, and nontoxic.
This is convenient to the solar water heater installed, not only structure is simple, efficiency is high, cost is low, and collecting efficiency is good, can effectively utilize the heat energy of solar energy to carry out heat supply, for heat-energy utilizing device heat supply, and this solar water heater structure is simple, installing/dismounting is all very convenient, is convenient to install and use.
Although more than describe in detail preferred embodiment of the present utility model, should be expressly understood that, for a person skilled in the art, the utility model can have various modifications and variations.All do within spirit of the present utility model and principle any amendment, equivalent replacement, improvement etc., all should be included within protection domain of the present utility model.

Claims (6)

1. be convenient to the solar water heater installed, comprise collecting plate (1) and the thermal-arrest water pipe (2) around collecting plate (1) periphery, it is characterized in that: described collecting plate (1) comprises the translucent glass layer (11) being positioned at top, be positioned at the heat-sink shell (12) of translucent glass layer (11) below, and be positioned at the heat conducting coating (13) of heat-sink shell (12) below, the sunlight heat that heat-sink shell (12) absorbs is directed at its periphery by described heat conducting coating (13), and described heat conducting coating (13) is fixedly connected with described thermal-arrest water pipe (2) and contacts, described thermal-arrest water pipe (2) has two ends, and two ends are communicated to the water butt of water heater and the cold water pipe in the external world respectively by water pipe (3).
2. be convenient to the solar water heater installed as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: the below of described heat conducting coating (13) has adiabator layer (14).
3. be convenient to the solar water heater installed as claimed in claim 1 or 2, it is characterized in that: described heat conducting coating (13) is grapheme material.
4. be convenient to the solar water heater installed as claimed in claim 3, it is characterized in that: described two ends are connected to water pipe (3) by a connection piece (4), described water pipe (3) comprises the hard tube wall (31) being positioned at outside and two flexible pipes (32) being positioned at hard tube wall (31), and described two flexible pipes (32) are communicated to the two ends of thermal-arrest water pipe (2) respectively by connector (4).
5. be convenient to the solar water heater installed as claimed in claim 4, it is characterized in that: described flexible pipe (32) water does not within it flow or do not have to be shrunk to internal diameter less state during water, when water is by flowing, the state that internal diameter is larger can be expand into.
6. be convenient to the solar water heater installed as claimed in claim 3, it is characterized in that: described thermal-arrest water pipe (2) is around described collecting plate (1) and have two ends, and described two ends are respectively water inlet end (21) and water side (22), described water inlet end (21) and water side (22) are communicated to two water pipes (3) respectively.
CN201520555642.8U 2015-07-28 2015-07-28 Solar water heater convenient to installation Expired - Fee Related CN204880786U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520555642.8U CN204880786U (en) 2015-07-28 2015-07-28 Solar water heater convenient to installation

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520555642.8U CN204880786U (en) 2015-07-28 2015-07-28 Solar water heater convenient to installation

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN204880786U true CN204880786U (en) 2015-12-16

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201520555642.8U Expired - Fee Related CN204880786U (en) 2015-07-28 2015-07-28 Solar water heater convenient to installation

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN204880786U (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105066473A (en) * 2015-07-28 2015-11-18 吴刚 Solid solar heating system

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105066473A (en) * 2015-07-28 2015-11-18 吴刚 Solid solar heating system

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20151216

Termination date: 20180728

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee