Removable board wall system
The utility model relates to a kind of removable board wall system.
Removable board house is all make of moveable wallboard usually, and at present, this kind of house in industry is main mainly with lightweight steel construction room and template room.
Lightweight steel construction house-owner wants first to build with lightgage steel joist, then install, fix inner-outer wall panel, finally carries out the finishing process of metope; The structure that template house-owner wants is fixed the top and bottom of wallboard, then fixed by wallboard with fastener, finally carries out the process of splicing gap, to reach waterproof thermal-insulated effect.
But the shortcoming in these houses also clearly, the lightgage steel joist in a set of lightweight steel construction room has thousands of, installs complicated, and the personnel of specialty must be had to install, cannot be one-body molded, and need the later stage to install wallboard and finishing, program is complicated, long in time limit.Template house-owner wants top lower fastener to fix, so metope generally adopts light material to alleviate the pressure born of fastener, cause the structural strength in house inadequate, Windproof anti-seismic ability is poor, and heat-insulating property is general, and needs carry out splicing gap.
As: Chinese utility model patent, application number is 201320382792.4, this utility model discloses a kind of light steel house of assembling, it comprises prefabricated bottom of the building plate, prefabricated roof, precast wall body, it is characterized in that, the upper end of described body of wall covers prefabricated roof, the lower end of described precast wall body is fixedly connected with prefabricated bottom of the building plate, four angles of described precast wall body are connected to four root posts, the upper end of column is fixedly connected with on prefabricated roof, and the lower end of described column is located on column base, and described column base is fixedly connected with prefabricated bottom of the building plate.
In above-mentioned utility model, column merely provides the effect of load-bearing, can not play the effect of connection two adjacent wall board, house integral structure is compact not, needs to carry out the process of splicing gap, simultaneously, house is also adopt light steel building material to make, and causes the structural strength in house inadequate.
Utility model content
The utility model object is to provide a kind of removable board wall system, at least one to solve the problems of the technologies described above.
According to an aspect of the present utility model, provide a kind of removable board wall system, comprise column, back timber, grade beam and wallboard, the upper end of column is located on back timber, lower end is located on grade beam, and the side of wallboard is provided with groove, and the side of wallboard is provided with groove, wallboard upper end is located on back timber, lower end is located on grade beam, and column snaps in the groove of wallboard, or, a part for column snaps in the groove of wallboard, and remainder snaps in the groove of adjacent wall board.
The effect of the column in the utility model has two, 1. load-bearing, namely can bear the pressure of a part of back timber to wallboard; 2. column is fixed between grade beam and back timber, therefore, two adjacent wallboards or single wallboard can connect into an entirety by column and grade beam and back timber, the process of carrying out splicing gap is not needed between wallboard and column, and the gravity average mark born by back timber is dispersed on wallboard and column, enhances the structural strength of metope.When utilizing this board wall system to make mobile house, above-mentioned structure can strengthen Windproof anti-seismic ability to a certain extent.
In some embodiments, wallboard is integrated shaping, comprises inner wall and exterior wall, the inner side of exterior wall is provided with one deck waterproof ventilated membrane, be provided with supporting square tube and heat insulating material between inner wall and exterior wall, an end face on supporting square tube is against inner wall, and another end face is against exterior wall.Thus, supporting square tube can play the effect supporting inner wall and exterior wall, simultaneously, adopt heat insulating material that body of wall can be made to play certain heat insulation effect, waterproof ventilated membrane plays the effect of waterproof, when rainwater is trickled down on exterior wall, waterproof ventilative material can stop water to enter into heat insulating material through exterior wall.
In some embodiments, the inner wall of wallboard is made up of gypsum plank or ecological wooden card, and exterior wall is made up of cement formwork or outdoor use ecological board (as: melamine plate).Thus, gypsum plank material and the ecological wooden card of inner wall all can play certain insulation, anticorrosion ability, and meanwhile, the cement formwork material of exterior wall and outdoor use ecological board play the effect similar with light water mud wall, anticorrosion can also be played, mothproof effect.
In some embodiments, heat insulating material is rock wool, and rock wool is fixed between inner wall and exterior wall by rock wool nail.Thus, rock wool nail can play the effect of fixing rock wool (heat insulating material).
In some embodiments, the both sides of wallboard are equipped with U-shaped keel bracket, and U-shaped keel bracket forms groove, and a part for column or column snaps in the opening of U-shaped keel bracket.Thus, U-shaped keel bracket can play the effect supporting exterior wall and inner wall, and U-shaped keel bracket forms groove simultaneously, and column can snap in groove.
In some embodiments, grade beam is provided with projection, and back timber is also provided with projection, the cross section of column and supporting square tube is in side's annular, the upper end of column snaps on the projection of back timber, and lower end snaps on the projection of grade beam, is fixed between grade beam and back timber by projection, simultaneously, adjacent two wallboards are fixedly installed to together by column, make, and wallboard, grade beam, back timber and column four parts form a complete entirety, indoor and outdoor is seamless, body of wall good airproof performance.
In some embodiments, the top and bottom of wallboard are equipped with U-type groove, and the upper end of wallboard to be stuck on back timber by U-type groove and to be screwed, and the lower end of wallboard to be stuck on grade beam by U-type groove and to be screwed.Thus, wallboard can be fixed between grade beam and back timber by U-type groove and screw.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the removable board wall system of a kind of embodiment of the utility model;
Fig. 2 is the elevation of board wall system removable shown in Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of the wallboard of board wall system removable shown in Fig. 1;
The cross-sectional structure schematic diagram that Fig. 4 is wallboard shown in Fig. 3;
Fig. 5 is the mounting structure schematic diagram of board wall system removable shown in Fig. 1.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments, the utility model is described in further detail.
Fig. 1 ~ Fig. 5 schematically shows the structure of the removable board wall system of a kind of embodiment of the utility model.
As shown in Fig. 1 ~ Fig. 5, a kind of removable board wall system, comprise column 1, back timber 2, grade beam 3 and wallboard 4, wherein, the quantity of wallboard 4 can be at least one (as one, two, three, five, seven) (quantity of Fig. 1, Fig. 2 deadlight 4 is two).
As shown in Figure 3 and Figure 4, in the present embodiment, wallboard 4 is integrated shaping, wallboard 4 comprises exterior wall 42 and inner wall 41, inner wall 41 can adopt gypsum plank or ecological wooden card to make, side fascia 42 can adopt cement formwork or outdoor use ecological board to make, the inwall of side fascia 4 is placed with one deck waterproof ventilated membrane, play the effect of waterproof, between inner wall 41 and exterior wall 42, be provided with supporting square tube 44 simultaneously, supporting square tube 44 has two to support end face, one of them end face is fixedly mounted on the inwall of inner wall 41, two end faces are fixedly mounted on the inwall of exterior wall 42, supporting square tube 44 plays the effect of support two bodies of wall.Meanwhile, can fill insulant material 6 between inner wall 41 and exterior wall 42, as: rock wool, 61 can be followed closely by rock wool and this for rock wool heat insulating material 6 is fixed.The heat insulating material 6 of filling can play certain heat insulation effect.
Groove 43 is all formed in the left side of wallboard 4 and right side.Simultaneously, the body of wall of the upper end of wallboard 4 upwards extends to form U-type groove 45, lower end is to downward-extension, also U-type groove 45 is formed, the A/F of upper end U-type groove 45 is identical with back timber 2 width, can snap in on back timber 2, the A/F of lower end U-type groove 45 is identical with grade beam 3 width, can snap in on grade beam 3.
In order to make the groove 43 of wallboard 4 more stable, prevent because installation process causes wallboard 4 to damage, can install U-shaped keel bracket 5 in groove 43, U-shaped keel bracket 5 forms groove 43.
As shown in Fig. 1,2 and 5, back timber 2, grade beam 3 are as described below with the connected mode of column 1, projection 31 is had in back timber 2 screw installation or straight forming, grade beam 3 also there is projection 31 with screw installation or straight forming, the cross section of column 1 is in side's annular, upper end snaps onto on another projection 31 of back timber 2, and lower end snaps onto on another projection 31 of grade beam 3.Column 1 half in Fig. 1 and Fig. 2 is entrapped in the groove 43 of left side wallboard 4, and second half is entrapped in the groove 43 of right side wallboard 4, and therefore, two wallboards 4 can be coupled together by column 1, and are fixed between back timber 2 and grade beam 3.
When only needing one block of wallboard 4 just can make metope, column 1 is two, in the left side groove 43 that the column 1 on the left side snaps onto wallboard 4 completely, (width of column 1 is identical with groove 43 opening that U-shaped keel bracket 5 is formed, therefore, column 1 can be snapped in in groove 43), meanwhile, 1, the column on the right snaps onto in the groove 43 of the right wallboard 4 completely.
As depicted in figs. 1 and 2, when metope made by needs two blocks of wallboards 4, namely when wallboard 4 quantity is two, a left side for left side wallboard 4, right side all forms groove 43, the left side of on the left side wallboard 4 is provided with column 1 (also can not need to install column 1), column 1 snaps in the left groove 43 of left side wallboard 4 completely, the right groove 43 of left side wallboard 4 snaps onto in column 1, the left groove 43 on right side wallboard 4 (namely adjacent with left side wallboard 4 wallboard) also snaps onto in column 1, namely, the half of the column 1 shown in Fig. 1 and Fig. 2 snaps onto in the right groove 43 of left side wallboard 4, second half snaps onto in the left groove 43 of right side wallboard 4.Meanwhile, the right groove 43 of right side wallboard 4 snaps onto (not shown) in the column 1 on the right completely, then is fixed (certainly, the right side of right side wallboard 4 also can not need column 1).
Installation process of the present utility model as shown in Figure 5, S1: the lower end U-type groove 45 of left side wallboard 4 is snapped in on the correct position of grade beam 3, and is fixed with screw 7; S2: be inserted into the lower end of column 1 on projection 31, because the distance of wallboard on the left of step S1 4 with projection 31 sets in advance, therefore, can make the half of column 1 snap in the groove 43 of left side wallboard 4; S3: the lower end U-type groove 45 of right side wallboard 4 is snapped onto on the correct position of grade beam 3, and second half making column 1 snaps into in the groove 43 of right side wallboard 4, screw (screw is directly screwed in the bottom to wallboard 4 by Churn drill for building from grade beam 3 bottom) is utilized to be fixed on grade beam 3 by right side wallboard 4.Certainly, in order to make screw better be fixed by grade beam 3, hard metal (that is to say that hard metal forms U-type groove 45) can be fixed in U-type groove 45, making screw penetrate on hard metal; S4: installed by back timber 2, the upper end U-type groove 45 of wallboard 4 is snapped in back timber 2 and is screwed, the upper end of column 1 snaps in on the projection 31 of back timber 2.
Through said process, back timber 2, grade beam 3, column 1 and wallboard 4 can be made to form complete entirety, enhance structural strength, above-mentioned installation process is simple, quick simultaneously, stabilized structure, back timber 2, grade beam 3, column 1 and wallboard 4 are integrated, and fit up without the need to the later stage.
Above-mentioned column 1 not only can play the effect of load-bearing, and grade beam 3, back timber 2 and wallboard 4 can also be connected into an entirety by column 1 simultaneously, does not need the process of carrying out splicing gap.The gravity average mark of back timber 2 is dispersed on each wallboard 4 and column 1, is conducive to the bulk strength increasing wallboard 4 system.
Column 1 in the utility model is different from the column of traditional approach, and traditional column only can play the effect of support, and also can form space between column and wallboard 4, needs to carry out filling space with material, bothers very much.And column 1 of the present utility model can not only play the effect of support, wallboard 4, grade beam 3 can also be fixedly connected into an entirety with back timber 2, not need to fill space and wallboard 4 is formed in one.When utilizing the board wall system of this patent to go to make Portakabin, because wallboard 4 is as a whole, for traditional Portakabin needing to utilize thousands of keel 5 to set up, have the advantages that to be simple and easy to install; Meanwhile, for traditional movable stencil room, back timber 2 of the present utility model, grade beam 3 and wallboard 4 are as a whole, and structural strength is high; And traditional template room adopts light steel building material to make, and windproof shockproof weak effect, inner wall 41 of the present utility model, exterior wall 42 adopt gypsum plank/ecological wooden card, cement formwork/outdoor use ecological board to make respectively, windproof shockproof effective.
Above-described is only embodiments more of the present utility model.For the person of ordinary skill of the art, under the prerequisite not departing from the utility model creation design, can also make some distortion and improvement, these all belong to protection domain of the present utility model.