CN204860036U - Automatic irrigation system of navel orange garden liquid manure - Google Patents

Automatic irrigation system of navel orange garden liquid manure Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204860036U
CN204860036U CN201520593668.1U CN201520593668U CN204860036U CN 204860036 U CN204860036 U CN 204860036U CN 201520593668 U CN201520593668 U CN 201520593668U CN 204860036 U CN204860036 U CN 204860036U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
fertilizer
blending tank
pipeline
magnetic valve
navel orange
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201520593668.1U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
刘诗芸
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Ganxian Huhui Fruit Industry Specialized Cooperatives
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Ganxian Huhui Fruit Industry Specialized Cooperatives
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Priority to CN201520593668.1U priority Critical patent/CN204860036U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN204860036U publication Critical patent/CN204860036U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The utility model belongs to the navel orange field of planting especially relates to and plants automatic irrigation system of navel orange garden liquid manure one by one, including trunk line, fertilizer jar, blending tank, singlechip, first solenoid valve, second solenoid valve, third solenoid valve, small transfer line, fertilizer pipeline, inlet channel, flowing back pipeline and force (forcing) pump, first solenoid valve setting is in on the trunk line, the trunk line with the small transfer line intercommunication, the fertilizer pipeline is connected respectively fertilizer jar and blending tank, the inlet channel terminal with the blending tank intercommunication, be equipped with venturi on the fertilizer pipeline, the flowing back pipeline with be equipped with between the trunk line the force (forcing) pump. The utility model discloses the whole navel orange fruit tree root zones that permeate of water are irrigated in the evaporation that can significantly reduce. Proper amount control is simultaneously watered, and soil water deep percolation can significantly reduce, therefore furthest has reduced invalid water yield loss, and the water use rate can improve about 50%.

Description

Navel orange garden liquid manure automatic irrigation system
Technical field
The utility model belongs to navel orange field of planting, particularly relates to a kind of navel orange garden liquid manure automatic irrigation system.
Background technology
Navel orange quality is excellent, due to seedless succulence, taste is sweet, meat is crisp, rich fragrance, bright in colour, navel orange is nutritious, containing vitamin C and carotin, the formation of carcinogen can be suppressed, can also soften and protect blood vessel, stimulate circulation, reduce cholesterol and blood fat, reduce the possibility suffered from a heart complaint, prevention gallbladder disease, just because of navel orange contains all kinds of nutrition of needed by human body and mouthfeel is good, be well received by consumers, economic worth is high, it is the citrus breeding of widely cultivating, but the natural conditions and social customs of a place adaptability of navel orange is more weak, to strong xeothermic comparatively sensitivity, often cost is cultivated large under low level management condition, bear fruit few, yield poorly.For liquid manure, effective rate of utilization is very not satisfactory.Therefore, how to improve agricultural irrigation water availability, with using water wisely, become a difficult problem urgently to be resolved hurrily.The material guarantee of agricultural sustainable development is chemical fertilizer.China's agrochemical amount of application increases year by year from the nineties in 20th century, becomes the country that applying quantity of chemical fertilizer is in the world maximum.Chemical fertilizer use the volume increase greatly facilitating China's grain, but chemical fertilizer drop into continuous increase do not make grain yield continue to increase.Show according to the study, chemical fertilizer utilization ratio is lowly the main cause causing yield increase effect to decline.For generally traditional irrigation naturally, efficiency of water application only has about 40%.A large amount of unemployed water takes away the fertilizer used, and cause this season phosphate fertilizer utilization efficiency to be only 10%-25%, potash fertilizer is 35%-50%, and nitrogenous fertilizer is 30%-35%.So low utilization rate of fertilizer not only makes resource and energy serious waste, causes huge economic loss, and also caused a series of serious pollution problem, therefore ecotope has also suffered considerable damage.
Utility model content
Main purpose of the present utility model is the deficiency overcoming above-mentioned technology, and provides a kind of navel orange garden liquid manure automatic irrigation system.Appropriate application chemical fertilizer.
The utility model for achieving the above object, by the following technical solutions: a kind of navel orange garden liquid manure automatic irrigation system, is characterized in that, comprise main pipeline, fertilizer tank, blending tank, single-chip microcomputer, first magnetic valve, second magnetic valve, 3rd magnetic valve, branch pipe(tube), fertilizer pipeline, inlet channel, Drainage pipe and force (forcing) pump, described first magnetic valve is arranged on described main pipeline, described main pipeline is communicated with described branch pipe(tube), described second magnetic valve is arranged on described branch pipe(tube), described branch pipe(tube) is communicated with inlet channel with fertilizer pipeline respectively, described fertilizer pipeline connects described fertilizer tank and blending tank respectively, described inlet channel end is communicated with described blending tank, described 3rd magnetic valve is arranged on described fertilizer pipeline, described fertilizer pipeline is provided with Venturi tube, described Drainage pipe is communicated with the port of export of described blending tank, is provided with described force (forcing) pump between described Drainage pipe and described main pipeline, described single-chip microcomputer respectively with described first magnetic valve, second magnetic valve, 3rd magnetic valve connects.The utility model can greatly reduce evaporation, and irrigation water all penetrates into navel orange fruit tree root zone.Appropriate Controlled irrigation simultaneously, soil water deep percolation can greatly reduce, and thus decreases invalid water loss to greatest extent, and the availability of water can improve about 50%.Irrigate and apply fertilizer integrated, fertilizer enters near crop root with appropriate pouring water, can not deep layer run off, both improve fertilizer efficiency, make again underground water from the pollution of fertilizer and chemical agent, thus irrigate and fertilising mode on really accomplish the required moisture of navel orange tree and nutrient carries out evenly, control in right amount, exactly and supply.
Preferably, described single-chip microcomputer is also connected with moisture survey meter.Detect the moisture in navel orange fruit tree, automatic alarm is irrigated.
Preferably, described blending tank top is provided with aeration tube, and described aeration tube is deep into the bottom of described blending tank, is connected between described blending tank with described fertilizer tank by steel plate, described fertilizer install pipeline is on described steel plate, and described blending tank inside is provided with secondary blending tank.By aeration tube fertilizer in blending tank can be made to mix with water more abundant, steel plate is used to be fixed by two tank bodies, the intensity of both raisings, be convenient to place, fertilizer pipeline is placed on the top of steel plate, prevent fertilizer Pipeline damage, secondary blending tank is set fertilizer can be made to be mixed fully.
Beneficial effect: the utility model can greatly reduce evaporation, irrigation water all penetrates into navel orange fruit tree root zone.Appropriate Controlled irrigation simultaneously, soil water deep percolation can greatly reduce, and thus decreases invalid water loss to greatest extent, and the availability of water can improve about 50%.Irrigate and apply fertilizer integrated, fertilizer enters near crop root with appropriate pouring water, can not deep layer run off, both improve fertilizer efficiency, make again underground water from the pollution of fertilizer and chemical agent, thus irrigate and fertilising mode on really accomplish the required moisture of navel orange tree and nutrient carries out evenly, control in right amount, exactly and supply.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present utility model;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of fertilizer tank and blending tank in the utility model.
Embodiment
Embodiment of the present utility model is described in detail below in conjunction with accompanying drawing and preferred embodiment.As shown in Figure 1, a kind of navel orange garden liquid manure automatic irrigation system, comprise main pipeline 1, fertilizer tank 2, blending tank 3, single-chip microcomputer 4, first magnetic valve 5, second magnetic valve 6, 3rd magnetic valve 7, branch pipe(tube) 8, fertilizer pipeline 9, inlet channel 10, Drainage pipe 11 and force (forcing) pump 12, described first magnetic valve is arranged on described main pipeline, described main pipeline is communicated with described branch pipe(tube), described second magnetic valve is arranged on described branch pipe(tube), described branch pipe(tube) is communicated with inlet channel with fertilizer pipeline respectively, described fertilizer pipeline connects described fertilizer tank and blending tank respectively, described inlet channel end is communicated with described blending tank, described 3rd magnetic valve is arranged on described fertilizer pipeline, described fertilizer pipeline is provided with Venturi tube 13, described Drainage pipe is communicated with the port of export of described blending tank, described force (forcing) pump is provided with between described Drainage pipe and described main pipeline, described single-chip microcomputer respectively with described first magnetic valve, second magnetic valve, 3rd magnetic valve connects.Described single-chip microcomputer is also connected with moisture survey meter 14.Detect the moisture in navel orange fruit tree, automatic alarm is irrigated.The utility model can greatly reduce evaporation, and irrigation water all penetrates into navel orange fruit tree root zone.Appropriate Controlled irrigation simultaneously, soil water deep percolation can greatly reduce, and thus decreases invalid water loss to greatest extent, and the availability of water can improve about 50%.Irrigate and apply fertilizer integrated, fertilizer enters near crop root with appropriate pouring water, can not deep layer run off, both improve fertilizer efficiency, make again underground water from the pollution of fertilizer and chemical agent, thus irrigate and fertilising mode on really accomplish the required moisture of navel orange tree and nutrient carries out evenly, control in right amount, exactly and supply.When high precision soil moisture survey meter detect field need irrigate time, open feed pump and make its work, use the first magnetic valve and the irrigation water constant voltage in main pipeline is flowed.When certain region criticize needs are irrigated time, then open the magnetic valve that the corresponding irrigation in this region branch road is installed, major part can complete the sprinkling irrigation instruction of setting navel orange through the current of main pipeline by mini sprinkler, the current that small part flows to inlet channel through branch pipe(tube) flow into blending tank.When navel orange tree needs fertile, one open Venturi tube fertilzer sucking pipe and lead to the magnetic valve of blending tank pipeline simultaneously, and start solution force (forcing) pump; Magnetic valve place is because the flow in Venturi tube can produce certain negative pressure, liquid fertilizer flows to blending tank by magnetic valve under the driving effect of negative pressure, because the current flowing into blending tank tangentially flow into, therefore liquid fertilizer can be enable to mix well with the water in blending tank.In blending tank, oneself enters main pipeline under mixing the pressurization of sufficient solution at force (forcing) pump, meanwhile, fluid level control valve is because the liquid level in blending tank declines and automatically opens, and the irrigation water in branch pipe(tube) flows into blending tank through inlet channel and Venturi tube.After single-chip microcomputer control program obtains the detected value of pH value and EC value sensor, according to the fertilizer ratio of earlier set, calculate fertilzer sucking pipe way solenoid valve switching pulse width instructions, during switch by Controlling solenoid valve between one, remain within the scope of restriction to make the fertilizer ratio in mixed liquor.
As shown in Figure 2, described blending tank top is provided with aeration tube 15, and described aeration tube is deep into the bottom of described blending tank, is connected between described blending tank with described fertilizer tank by steel plate 16, described fertilizer install pipeline is on described steel plate, and described blending tank inside is provided with secondary blending tank 17.By aeration tube fertilizer in blending tank can be made to mix with water more abundant, steel plate is used to be fixed by two tank bodies, the intensity of both raisings, be convenient to place, fertilizer pipeline is placed on the top of steel plate, prevent fertilizer Pipeline damage, secondary blending tank is set fertilizer can be made to be mixed fully.
The utility model can greatly reduce evaporation, and irrigation water all penetrates into navel orange fruit tree root zone.Appropriate Controlled irrigation simultaneously, soil water deep percolation can greatly reduce, and thus decreases invalid water loss to greatest extent, and the availability of water can improve about 50%.Irrigate and apply fertilizer integrated, fertilizer enters near crop root with appropriate pouring water, can not deep layer run off, both improve fertilizer efficiency, make again underground water from the pollution of fertilizer and chemical agent, thus irrigate and fertilising mode on really accomplish the required moisture of navel orange tree and nutrient carries out evenly, control in right amount, exactly and supply.
The above is only preferred embodiment of the present utility model; it should be pointed out that for those skilled in the art, under the prerequisite not departing from the utility model principle; can also make some improvements and modifications, these improvements and modifications also should be considered as protection domain of the present utility model.

Claims (3)

1. a navel orange garden liquid manure automatic irrigation system, it is characterized in that, comprise main pipeline, fertilizer tank, blending tank, single-chip microcomputer, first magnetic valve, second magnetic valve, 3rd magnetic valve, branch pipe(tube), fertilizer pipeline, inlet channel, Drainage pipe and force (forcing) pump, described first magnetic valve is arranged on described main pipeline, described main pipeline is communicated with described branch pipe(tube), described second magnetic valve is arranged on described branch pipe(tube), described branch pipe(tube) is communicated with inlet channel with fertilizer pipeline respectively, described fertilizer pipeline connects described fertilizer tank and blending tank respectively, described inlet channel end is communicated with described blending tank, described 3rd magnetic valve is arranged on described fertilizer pipeline, described fertilizer pipeline is provided with Venturi tube, described Drainage pipe is communicated with the port of export of described blending tank, described force (forcing) pump is provided with between described Drainage pipe and described main pipeline, described single-chip microcomputer respectively with described first magnetic valve, second magnetic valve, 3rd magnetic valve connects.
2. navel orange garden according to claim 1 liquid manure automatic irrigation system, is characterized in that: described single-chip microcomputer is also connected with moisture survey meter.
3. navel orange garden according to claim 1 liquid manure automatic irrigation system, it is characterized in that: described blending tank top is provided with aeration tube, described aeration tube is deep into the bottom of described blending tank, be connected by steel plate between described blending tank with described fertilizer tank, described fertilizer install pipeline is on described steel plate, and described blending tank inside is provided with secondary blending tank.
CN201520593668.1U 2015-08-10 2015-08-10 Automatic irrigation system of navel orange garden liquid manure Expired - Fee Related CN204860036U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520593668.1U CN204860036U (en) 2015-08-10 2015-08-10 Automatic irrigation system of navel orange garden liquid manure

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106879401A (en) * 2016-12-30 2017-06-23 浙江金石生物科技有限公司 A kind of liquid manure integrated device of greenhouse

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106879401A (en) * 2016-12-30 2017-06-23 浙江金石生物科技有限公司 A kind of liquid manure integrated device of greenhouse

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20151216

Termination date: 20160810