CN204839058U - Machine is got rid of to pineapple peel fruit eye - Google Patents

Machine is got rid of to pineapple peel fruit eye Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204839058U
CN204839058U CN201520528323.8U CN201520528323U CN204839058U CN 204839058 U CN204839058 U CN 204839058U CN 201520528323 U CN201520528323 U CN 201520528323U CN 204839058 U CN204839058 U CN 204839058U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
pineapple
hydraulic cylinder
eye
frame
removes
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201520528323.8U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
殷时蓉
吴俊�
陈佳
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Chongqing Jiaotong University
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Chongqing Jiaotong University
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Priority to CN201520528323.8U priority Critical patent/CN204839058U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN204839058U publication Critical patent/CN204839058U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The utility model discloses a machine is got rid of to pineapple peel fruit eye, including frame and the fixture of setting in the frame, fixture including lower positioning disk and with can for the last clamping disk that lower positioning disk reciprocated, the positioning disk sets up in the frame with rotatable mode down, the cutting mechanism that still carries out the spiral cutting to the pineapple when positioning disk rotation instantly, cutting mechanism is including vertically feeding pneumatic cylinder, cross feed pneumatic cylinder and cutter, the control system of mechanism work is still cut including control, the utility model discloses simple structure easily realizes to can overcome the pineapple remove the peel in manual the net weight grab the difficulty of holding the pineapple, carry out the peel cutting voluntarily, replace the manual work to cut the pineapple, thereby the liberation labour reduces intensity of labour, and, can get rid of in step with the fruit eye the peel of pineapple simultaneously, improve labor efficiency, the waste of furthest's reduction pulp.

Description

Pineapple sarcocarp follicarpium eye removes machine
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of fruit apparatus, and particularly a kind of pineapple sarcocarp follicarpium eye removes machine.
Background technology
Pineapple taste is sweet warm in nature, has that relieving summer-heat quenches the thirst, the function of the antidiarrheal that helps digestion, and is the good fruit of optimum in summer.Though pineapple is fond of eating, Pi Nanxiao, the skin due to pineapple is the sclerderm of petal sheet, and presents spiral helicine arrangement, and has a darker fruit eye and black core above each petal sheet.At present on the market to the cutting of pineapple mainly based on craft, manual pineapple efficiency of cutting is low, and labour intensity is large.Have the same scheming of pineapple at present, to the stock-removing efficiency of pineapple and automaticity high, but it is larger to the waste of the pulp of pineapple.
Therefore, need to provide a kind of pineapple sarcocarp follicarpium eye to remove machine, overcome the shortcoming that labour intensity is high, efficiency is low and pulp waste is many that pineapple is cut.Thus improve the automaticity of pineapple sarcocarp follicarpium eye removal and reduce labour cost.
Utility model content
In view of this, the utility model provides pineapple sarcocarp follicarpium eye to remove machine, overcome manual peeling in pineapple peeling and grasp the difficulty of pineapple, automatically carry out pericarp cutting, replace manually carrying out cutting pineapple, thus liberation labour, reduce labour intensity, further, it can be removed pineapple sarcocarp follicarpium eye by cutting at one time simultaneously, raises labour efficiency.
Pineapple sarcocarp follicarpium eye of the present utility model removes machine, comprise frame and be arranged on the clamping device in frame, described clamping device comprises lower positioning disk and with the upper clamping disk that can move up and down relative to described lower positioning disk, described lower positioning disk is pivotally arranged at frame;
Also comprise cutting mechanism when positioning disk rotates instantly, pineapple being carried out to spiral cutting, described cutting mechanism comprises length feed hydraulic cylinder, traverse feed hydraulic cylinder and cutter, described cutter is fixedly installed on the piston rod of traverse feed hydraulic cylinder and can transversely horizontal direction moves forward and backward, the piston rod that the cylinder body of traverse feed hydraulic cylinder is fixedly connected on length feed hydraulic cylinder can longitudinally move up and down, and the cylinder body of described length feed hydraulic cylinder is fixedly installed on frame;
Also comprise control system, described control system comprises: vision sensor, to be arranged in frame and to be positioned at the top of pineapple, for detect pineapple and lower positioning disk position relationship and in cutwork pineapple and cutter position relationship and export distance signal;
Controller, is arranged in frame, and control length feed hydraulic cylinder works cut pineapple epidermis and fruit eye for receiving range signal, simultaneously can control traverse feed hydraulic cylinder works keeps permanent thickness to cut to control cutter.
Further, cutter comprises knife bar, pericarp removes cutter hub and fruit eye removes cutter hub, fruit eye is removed cutter hub and is fixedly installed on knife bar, it is through and most advanced and sophisticated triangular prism shaped near pineapple of two triangular facets that described fruit eye removes cutter hub, and described pericarp is removed cutter hub and is arranged on fruit eye and removes on cutter hub and be arcuate structure.
Further, it is two that pericarp removes cutter hub, is symmetricly set in the both sides up and down that fruit eye removes cutter hub respectively.
Further, upper clamping disk extends Driven by Hydraulic Cylinder by one and moves up and down, and the piston rod extending hydraulic cylinder is flexibly connected with upper clamping disk, and the body extending hydraulic cylinder is fixedly installed on frame.
Further, frame is also provided with the driving mechanism for driving lower positioning disk to rotate, described driving mechanism comprises drive motors and decelerator, and the output shaft of decelerator and power shaft are arranged in the mode of vertical distribution.
Further, also comprise cutting agency, described cutting agency comprises material road, clamper and for driving the drive unit of clamper movement, and described drive unit comprises the first transverse hydraulic cylinder for driving clamper to move left and right and adjusts the second transverse hydraulic cylinder of pineapple position on lower positioning disk for driving clamper to move forward and backward.
Further, vision sensor is also for detecting the position relationship of pineapple and clamper;
Longitudinal hydraulic cylinder of the position relationship accessory drive of the pineapple that described controller also can detect according to vision sensor and clamping disk and transverse hydraulic cylinder working.
The beneficial effects of the utility model: pineapple sarcocarp follicarpium eye of the present utility model removes machine, by clamping device, clamping position is carried out to pineapple, lower positioning disk is rotatable, thus pineapple can be driven to rotate around self core, while pineapple is rotated, then the position relationship of cutter and pineapple is detected by vision sensor, the piston rod being controlled length feed hydraulic cylinder by controller drives cutter to move up and down, realize carrying out spiral cutting to pineapple, and synchronously can remove pericarp fruit eye, wherein, traverse feed hydraulic cylinder can according to the cutting depth of the different adjustment cutter of the area of section of pineapple, to ensure that the permanent thickness of cutter cuts, the utility model structure is simple, be easy to realize, and manual peeling in pineapple peeling can be overcome and grasp the difficulty of pineapple, automatically carry out pericarp cutting, replace manually carrying out cutting pineapple, thus liberation labour, reducing labour intensity, and, can synchronously remove with fruit eye the pericarp of pineapple simultaneously, raise labour efficiency, reduce the waste of pulp to greatest extent.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, the utility model is further described.
Fig. 1 is the utility model overall structure three-dimensional view;
Fig. 2 is the utility model overall structure left view;
Fig. 3 is the utility model cutter structure figure;
Fig. 4 is the utility model overall structure top view.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the utility model overall structure three-dimensional view, Fig. 2 is the utility model overall structure left view, Fig. 3 is the utility model cutter structure figure, Fig. 4 is the utility model overall structure top view, as shown in the figure: the pineapple sarcocarp follicarpium eye of the present embodiment removes machine, the clamping device comprising frame 1 and be arranged in frame 1, described clamping device comprises lower positioning disk 2 and with the upper clamping disk 3 that can move up and down relative to described lower positioning disk 2, described lower positioning disk 2 is pivotally arranged at frame 1, upper clamping disk is provided with clamping nail 3-1, lower positioning disk is provided with clamping nail 2-1,
Also comprise cutting mechanism when positioning disk 2 rotates instantly, pineapple being carried out to spiral cutting, described cutting mechanism comprises length feed hydraulic cylinder 4, traverse feed hydraulic cylinder 5 and cutter 6, described cutter 6 is fixedly installed on the piston rod of traverse feed hydraulic cylinder 5 and can transversely horizontal direction moves forward and backward, the piston rod that the cylinder body of traverse feed hydraulic cylinder 5 is fixedly connected on length feed hydraulic cylinder 4 can longitudinally move up and down, and the cylinder body of described length feed hydraulic cylinder 4 is fixedly installed on frame 1;
Also comprise control system, described control system comprises: vision sensor 7, to be arranged in frame 1 and to be positioned at the top of pineapple, for detect pineapple and lower positioning disk 2 position relationship and in cutwork pineapple and cutter 6 position relationship and export distance signal;
Controller 8, is arranged in frame 1, controls length feed hydraulic cylinder 4 and works for receiving range signal and to cut pineapple epidermis and fruit eye, can control traverse feed hydraulic cylinder 5 simultaneously and work to control cutter 6 and keep permanent thickness to cut; Wherein, vision sensor can be made up of one or more image sensor, certainly the projector and other auxiliary equipment can be also equipped with, detect the distance of cutter and pineapple body by vision sensor and generate signal transmission, this signal transmission transfers to controller, by controller according to the signal transmission automatic decision distance detected, and control traverse feed hydraulic cylinder and length feed hydraulic cylinder carries out work, its control principle adopts gray-scale Control, and implementation is prior art, does not repeat them here.
In the present embodiment, cutter 6 comprises knife bar 6-1, pericarp removes cutter hub 6-2 and fruit eye removes cutter hub 6-3, fruit eye is removed cutter hub 6-3 and is fixedly installed on knife bar 6-1, it is through and most advanced and sophisticated triangular prism shaped near pineapple of two triangular facets that described fruit eye removes cutter hub 6-3, and described pericarp is removed cutter hub 6-2 and is arranged on fruit eye to remove cutter hub 6-3 upper and be arcuate structure; The blade that pericarp removes cutter hub and fruit eye removal cutter hub is all opened on side, namely on contrary with pineapple body rotation direction side, or dual-side all arranges blade, when pineapple body rotates, pericarp is removed cutter hub and is removed pericarp, triangular prism shaped fruit eye removal cutter hub is removed fruit eye, and fruit eye pulp drops in the cavity that really eye removal cutter hub is formed through.
In the present embodiment, it is two that pericarp removes cutter hub 6-2, is symmetricly set in the both sides up and down that fruit eye removes cutter hub 6-3 respectively.
In the present embodiment, upper clamping disk 3 extends hydraulic cylinder 9 driving by one and moves up and down, and the piston rod extending hydraulic cylinder 9 is flexibly connected with upper clamping disk 3, and the body extending hydraulic cylinder 9 is fixedly installed on frame 1; Wherein, be flexibly connected and refer to that the rotating mode of clamping disk is connected with the piston rod extending hydraulic cylinder, realize by bearing, or other turntables realize, interfere to be formed when preventing pineapple body from rotating.
In the present embodiment, frame 1 is also provided with the driving mechanism for driving lower positioning disk to rotate, described driving mechanism comprises drive motors 10 and decelerator, and the output shaft of decelerator and power shaft are arranged in the mode of vertical distribution; Vertical distribution refers to the output shaft of decelerator and the axis perpendicular of power shaft, and certainly also realize by gear driving pair, bevel gear structure also can achieve the goal; Compact conformation.
In the present embodiment, also comprise cutting agency, described cutting agency comprises material road 11, clamper 12 and for driving the drive unit of clamper movement, and described drive unit comprises the first transverse hydraulic cylinder 13 for driving clamper to move left and right and adjusts the second transverse hydraulic cylinder 14 of pineapple position on lower positioning disk 2 for driving clamper to move forward and backward; Wherein, clamper is claw structure, existing machinery claw structure all can realize, the piston rod of the second transverse hydraulic cylinder is fixedly connected with clamper, the movable fore-and-aft direction referred to along clamper, the cylinder body of the first transverse hydraulic cylinder is fixedly connected with the piston rod of the second transverse hydraulic cylinder, moves left and right and refers to that the left and right directions along clamper moves, and the first transverse hydraulic cylinder for moving to lower positioning disk by telescopic piston rod below expecting after gripper pineapple.
In the present embodiment, vision sensor 7 is also for detecting the position relationship of pineapple and clamper;
Longitudinal hydraulic cylinder of the position relationship accessory drive of the pineapple that described controller also can detect according to vision sensor 7 and clamping disk and transverse hydraulic cylinder working.
What finally illustrate is, above embodiment is only in order to illustrate the technical solution of the utility model and unrestricted, although be described in detail the utility model with reference to preferred embodiment, those of ordinary skill in the art is to be understood that, can modify to the technical solution of the utility model or equivalent replacement, and not departing from aim and the scope of technical solutions of the utility model, it all should be encompassed in the middle of right of the present utility model.

Claims (7)

1. a pineapple sarcocarp follicarpium eye removes machine, it is characterized in that: comprise frame and be arranged on the clamping device in frame, described clamping device comprises lower positioning disk and with the upper clamping disk that can move up and down relative to described lower positioning disk, described lower positioning disk is pivotally arranged at frame;
Also comprise cutting mechanism when positioning disk rotates instantly, pineapple being carried out to spiral cutting, described cutting mechanism comprises length feed hydraulic cylinder, traverse feed hydraulic cylinder and cutter, described cutter is fixedly installed on the piston rod of traverse feed hydraulic cylinder and can transversely horizontal direction moves forward and backward, the piston rod that the cylinder body of traverse feed hydraulic cylinder is fixedly connected on length feed hydraulic cylinder can longitudinally move up and down, and the cylinder body of described length feed hydraulic cylinder is fixedly installed on frame;
Also comprise control system, described control system comprises: vision sensor, to be arranged in frame and to be positioned at the top of pineapple, for detect pineapple and lower positioning disk position relationship and in cutwork pineapple and cutter position relationship and export distance signal;
Controller, is arranged in frame, and control length feed hydraulic cylinder works cut pineapple epidermis and fruit eye for receiving range signal, simultaneously can control traverse feed hydraulic cylinder works keeps permanent thickness to cut to control cutter.
2. pineapple sarcocarp follicarpium eye according to claim 1 removes machine, it is characterized in that: described cutter comprises knife bar, pericarp removes cutter hub and fruit eye removes cutter hub, fruit eye is removed cutter hub and is fixedly installed on knife bar, it is through and most advanced and sophisticated triangular prism shaped near pineapple of two triangular facets that described fruit eye removes cutter hub, and described pericarp is removed cutter hub and is arranged on fruit eye and removes on cutter hub and be arcuate structure.
3. pineapple sarcocarp follicarpium eye according to claim 2 removes machine, it is characterized in that: it is two that described pericarp removes cutter hub, is symmetricly set in the both sides up and down that fruit eye removes cutter hub respectively.
4. pineapple sarcocarp follicarpium eye according to claim 3 removes machine, it is characterized in that: described upper clamping disk extends Driven by Hydraulic Cylinder by one and moves up and down, the piston rod extending hydraulic cylinder is flexibly connected with upper clamping disk, and the body extending hydraulic cylinder is fixedly installed on frame.
5. pineapple sarcocarp follicarpium eye according to claim 4 removes machine, it is characterized in that: described frame is also provided with the driving mechanism for driving lower positioning disk to rotate, described driving mechanism comprises drive motors and decelerator, and the output shaft of decelerator and power shaft are arranged in the mode of vertical distribution.
6. pineapple sarcocarp follicarpium eye according to claim 5 removes machine, it is characterized in that: also comprise cutting agency, described cutting agency comprises material road, clamper and for driving the drive unit of clamper movement, and described drive unit comprises the first transverse hydraulic cylinder for driving clamper to move left and right and adjusts the second transverse hydraulic cylinder of pineapple position on lower positioning disk for driving clamper to move forward and backward.
7. pineapple sarcocarp follicarpium eye according to claim 6 removes machine, it is characterized in that: described vision sensor is also for detecting the position relationship of pineapple and clamper;
Longitudinal hydraulic cylinder of the position relationship accessory drive of the pineapple that described controller also can detect according to vision sensor and clamping disk and transverse hydraulic cylinder working.
CN201520528323.8U 2015-07-20 2015-07-20 Machine is got rid of to pineapple peel fruit eye Expired - Fee Related CN204839058U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520528323.8U CN204839058U (en) 2015-07-20 2015-07-20 Machine is got rid of to pineapple peel fruit eye

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520528323.8U CN204839058U (en) 2015-07-20 2015-07-20 Machine is got rid of to pineapple peel fruit eye

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN204839058U true CN204839058U (en) 2015-12-09

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105147041A (en) * 2015-07-20 2015-12-16 重庆交通大学 Pineapple peel and pit synchronous removing device
CN105522606A (en) * 2016-01-29 2016-04-27 浙江工业职业技术学院 Lead-screw spiral-pushing type automatic pineapple eye removing machine
CN105666564A (en) * 2016-01-29 2016-06-15 浙江理工大学 Double-cutter mobile pineapple hole automatic cutter
CN108324074A (en) * 2018-03-02 2018-07-27 东阳市天齐科技有限公司 A kind of fruit peeling device convenient for adjusting
CN112754248A (en) * 2020-12-29 2021-05-07 中国热带农业科学院南亚热带作物研究所 Pineapple peeling machine with clamping structure can overturn and be convenient for clear up peel

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105147041A (en) * 2015-07-20 2015-12-16 重庆交通大学 Pineapple peel and pit synchronous removing device
CN105147041B (en) * 2015-07-20 2018-04-03 重庆交通大学 Pineapple sarcocarp follicarpium eye synchronization removal device
CN105522606A (en) * 2016-01-29 2016-04-27 浙江工业职业技术学院 Lead-screw spiral-pushing type automatic pineapple eye removing machine
CN105666564A (en) * 2016-01-29 2016-06-15 浙江理工大学 Double-cutter mobile pineapple hole automatic cutter
CN105666564B (en) * 2016-01-29 2017-09-05 浙江理工大学 The automatic buster of Double-blade movable type pineapple sarcocarp eye
CN108324074A (en) * 2018-03-02 2018-07-27 东阳市天齐科技有限公司 A kind of fruit peeling device convenient for adjusting
CN112754248A (en) * 2020-12-29 2021-05-07 中国热带农业科学院南亚热带作物研究所 Pineapple peeling machine with clamping structure can overturn and be convenient for clear up peel

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Date Code Title Description
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20151209

Termination date: 20160720