CN204837543U - Expanded artificial fish reef that fixes a position - Google Patents

Expanded artificial fish reef that fixes a position Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204837543U
CN204837543U CN201520427156.8U CN201520427156U CN204837543U CN 204837543 U CN204837543 U CN 204837543U CN 201520427156 U CN201520427156 U CN 201520427156U CN 204837543 U CN204837543 U CN 204837543U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
reefs
pipe fitting
artificial fish
hemispherical
extensible
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201520427156.8U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
郑伟
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郑伟
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Priority to CN201520427156.8U priority Critical patent/CN204837543U/en
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Publication of CN204837543U publication Critical patent/CN204837543U/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish

Abstract

The utility model discloses an expanded artificial fish reef that fixes a position belongs to artificial fish reef technical field, and the ecological environment who mainly is applied to ocean, lake, river course, pier, embankment improves, the utility model discloses can satisfy the needs of building bottom reefs, body reefs simultaneously, preparation simple process, low cost, the system can make up in a flexible way, fully considers artificial fish reef's design philosophy, provides the place of keeping away enemy, reproduction, growth, forage to fish, alga, shellfish, zoobenthos etc. Reaches the purpose of protection, hyperplasia, improvement fishery harvesting, has wide prospect in the aspect of marine organism habitat restoration, protection etc..

Description

A kind of easily extensible can locate artificial fish shelter
Technical field
The utility model belongs to artificial fish shelter technical field, is specifically related to a kind of easily extensible, can be positioned the Novel artificial fish reef of different water depth.
Background technology
Artificial fish shelter is the structure artificially placed in water body; it can improve local ecotope; for aqueous bio provides the good environment of perching; also for fish, algae, shellfish, zoobenthos etc. provide the place keeping away enemy, breeding, growth, forage, reach the object of protection, propagation, raising fishery harvesting output.The artificial fish shelter construction extensively carried out both at home and abroad at present, achieves good effect to the reparation in the biological habitat of coastal ocean and fishing ground.
The design of artificial fish shelter should be considered to be beneficial to algae bio attachment; fish gathering class is lured to carry out looking for food, laying eggs; reefs should provide more gap, hole; and reefs surrounding water flow variation is more; water-bed substrate matrix can be changed, formed and locally shove and eddy current flow field; produce hatching effect, fish gathering class and protection juvenile fish can be lured, have larger structural complexity and effectively utilize space.
Artificial fish shelter is broadly divided into bottom reefs and floating reefs two class.Bottom reefs mostly is building stones and concrete reefs, is positioned over water bottom after input with certain layout, and its effect is mainly protection and repairs water bottom Living resources of fisheries, and the biologies such as water body pelagic fishes are comparatively felt bad and benefited this type of reefs.Meanwhile, in softground water body, throw in bottom reefs and easily cause reefs depression, deposit and bury; The disturbance of the eddy current formed around reefs and cleaning, downwards excavation can cause the settling flux of bottom silt to make fish shelter surrounding water more muddy, are unfavorable for that biology is perched.
Floating reefs artificial fish shelter can utilize biological that enliven, that photosynthesis of plant is strong euphotic layer, but floating reefs artificial fish shelter is because considering that buoyancy aid must have larger buoyancy in water, many employings frame structure and light material etc., as Chinese patent CN103538707A adopts the tube chamber connector of airtight framework to make reefs; Adherance material is bonded on floating body material and hanger by Chinese patent CN104054613A adhesive or cement, and floating body material employing plastic floating ball, fishing gear are cursory, channel buoy, anchor ball, foam pontoons; Chinese patent CN103636535A adopts triangular steel framework, bamboo framework, foam plastic float, shellfish hanging apparatus etc. to set for this platform; Chinese patent CN103190362A uses reed, the stem or leaf of cattail, willow branch as the making material etc. of artificial fish shelter.These floating type artificial fish shelters because adopting light material and frame structure, larger stormy waves or larger fish impact condition stability inferior poor, reefs easily decomposes.
Great majority close that the degree of depth of water body is not identical, and the habitat of different fish in water body is not identical, some shallow water fish, biological only movable at the shallow-layer water body that dissolved oxygen, illumination are abundant, and some deep water fish, biological only at the activity zone that water layer is darker.
Utility model content
In order to overcome above-mentioned the deficiencies in the prior art, the utility model provide a kind of extendible, light weight, can meet simultaneously build bottom reefs and floating reefs needs, can in water bottom, specify the one installed below water body position, embankment side, harbour manually to float reef device arbitrarily.This device comprises: hemispherical reefs, multistage hollow pipe fitting, and anchoring device.Multistage hollow pipe fitting can be interconnected by hickey, then be connected with hemispherical reefs, hemispherical reefs separately as a reefs structure, can be connected with fixture, or two hemispherical reefs may be combined with into a spherical reefs, spherical reefs is connected with anchoring device again.
In said apparatus; the material that hemispherical reefs uses is corrosion resistant plastics, rubber or stainless steel metal; shaping material should have certain wall thickness; the making of threaded connection hole on reefs; wherein with rubber or plastics for the best, the mould being used for making reefs can be hollow mould, injection mould or outstanding revolving die.
In said apparatus, reefs is distributed with internal thread or external screw thread connecting hole, be used for being connected with pipe fitting, the distribution of connecting hole on reefs can be uniformly distributed, or the form of uneven distribution exists, preferably exist with equally distributed form, because from the consideration plastics, rubber or metal die cost.
In said apparatus, there is boring at hemispherical reefs edge, is used for being connected with another hemisphere or being connected with anchoring device.
In said apparatus, reefs can there is a series of groove be beneficial to laying eggs of fish.
In said apparatus, multistage hollow pipe fitting is made up of plastics, rubber or the stainless steel metal pipe that caliber is different, the tube wall of pipe fitting has hickey, be used for being connected with the pipe fitting of next stage, the termination of pipe fitting has hickey too, concrete, and Large Diameter Pipeline pipe fitting is used for being connected with hemispherical reefs, middle caliber pipe fitting is connected on Large Diameter Pipeline by nipple, and pipe with small pipe diameter pipe fitting is connected on the pipe fitting of middle caliber.
In said apparatus, what the boring of hemispherical reefs can be a small amount of is screwed hole, and be used for being connected with pipe fitting, other borings are hollow bore, and same, pipe fitting drilling can be a small amount of screwed hole, and be connected with subordinate pipe fitting, other borings are hollow bore.
In said apparatus, as adopted the plasticity pipe fittings such as rubber, pipe fitting can also bend to arbitrarily different angles, and reefs outward appearance is taken on a different shape.
In said apparatus, the boring aperture of hemispherical reefs can not fixed size, and the boring aperture of pipe fitting also can not fixed size, to adapt to the needs of different fish turnover reefs.
In said apparatus, multiple such reefs can be threaded connection and forms matrix or form ball float array.
In said apparatus, all right connecting tube, suspension simulating waterseed, multifilament fiber, fishing net, knot, polyethylene filament group in reefs.
Compared with prior art, the beneficial effects of the utility model are:
1. can be satisfied with the construction needs of bottom reefs or floating reefs: hemispherical reefs can separately as bottom reefs simultaneously, also two hemisphere reefs can be combined into a spherical reefs, then as floating reefs, the degree of depth of floating reefs in water body regulates by anchoring device.
2. manufacture craft is simple, with low cost: hemispherical reefs can be made by the mould reverse mould of disposal molding, and pipe fitting can be commercially.
3. system can flexible combination, meets artificial fish shelter design needs: the pipe fitting on reefs can Assembled distribution, and also can be uniformly distributed, hemispherical reefs can form array at water bottom, and spherical reefs also can form array at water body different depth place.
4. take into full account the design philosophy of artificial fish shelter: the utility model builds fish shelter and has a large amount of gaps, hole, and gap, hole distribution are irregular, hole not of uniform size, the current of reefs surrounding energy formation and modification, external structure and interior complicated.
5. the stability of keeping system while using lightweight material: as used rubber as hemispherical reefs, using PVC material as pipe fitting, using screw thread to be connected with reefs by pipe fitting part.
6. reefs can be laid at the different depth of water body: as used the anchoring device of Different Weight, reefs can be arranged at the different depth of water body in theory.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Above-mentioned advantage of the present utility model will become obvious and easy understand from the following description of the accompanying drawings of embodiments, wherein:
Fig. 1 is the hemispherical reefs schematic diagram being fixed on fixture, marks the threaded connection hole of threaded connection hole on caliber pipe fitting 4. pipe with small pipe diameter pipe fitting 5. fixed screw 6. anchoring device 7. threaded connection hole in 1. hemispherical reefs 2. Large Diameter Pipeline pipe fittings 3. or cavity 8. medium-sized pipe fittings or empty 9. small pipe fittings and middle pipe fitting in figure
Fig. 2 is the schematic top plan view of hemispherical reefs, marks 10. retaining threads and connect hickey 12. brace 13. hemispherical reefs on the hemispherical reefs of hole 11. in figure
Fig. 3 is the spherical reefs schematic diagram that two hemispherical reefs are combined into, and marks 14. connection chain 15. anchoring devices in figure.
Embodiment
Embodiment of the present utility model is described below, and the example of described embodiment is shown in the drawings, being exemplary, only for explaining the utility model, and can not being interpreted as restriction of the present utility model by reference to paying the embodiment scheming to describe.
Embodiment 1: in the present embodiment (see accompanying drawing 1), hemispherical reefs adopts hollow mould reverse mould to be formed, reefs radius 3 meters, material uses rubber, rubber bodies thickness 2cm, irregular distribution internal thread circular hole on reefs, internal thread can be formed by reverse mould, also after reefs is made, screw thread process can be done again, circular hole aperture can not be fixed, here, reefs circular hole aperture is 50mm, pipe fitting can commercially rubber tube or plastic tube or metal tube, as large pipe fitting can use DN50 (50mm) PVC plastic pipe, long 3 meters, irregular 20mm hole is opened in the middle part of large pipe fitting, to install shape plastic pipe in DN20 (20mm) PVC, middle shape plastic pipe is opened irregular 10mm hole, to install DN10 (10mm) PVC small plastic pipe, connection between pipe fitting can pass through the fixing form of pipe fitting-straight-through-nut, also can by the form of large pipe fitting-reducer tee-small pipe fitting, 4 fixing perforation of last hemispherical reefs can be screwed on slabstone, sink under water, form bottom reefs.
Embodiment 2: in the present embodiment (see accompanying drawing 3), hemispherical reefs and pipe fitting are as making the same manner as in Example 1,4 fixing point screw-nuts of two hemispherical reefs connect into spherical reefs, due to rubber reefs, there is good ductility, can hanging metal chain in the bottom of spherical reefs, metal bracelet is connected with fixture again, fixture can add silt etc., makes the utility model be sunken to the assigned address of water body.
In description of the present utility model, term " on ", D score, " end ", " top ", "front", "rear", " interior ", " outward ", " horizontal stroke ", the indicating position such as " erecting " or position relationship be based on orientation shown in the drawings or position relationship, be only used to describe the utility model and simplified characterization, instead of the particular orientation that instruction or the hint device of indication or element must have, or with specific azimuth configuration and operation, therefore can not be interpreted as restriction of the present utility model.
Multiple illustrative examples of the present utility model is described in detail embodiment of the present utility model, but those skilled in the art can design multiple other improvement and embodiment, these improve and embodiment will drop in the spirit and scope of principle of the present utility model, concrete, aforementioned open, in the scope of accompanying drawing and claim, rational modification and improvement can be made in the layout of parts and (or) sub-combination layout, and spirit of the present utility model can not be departed from.

Claims (10)

1. an easily extensible can locate artificial fish shelter, it is characterized in that this artificial fish reef device comprises hemispherical reefs, multistage hollow pipe fitting and fixture, anchoring device, multistage hollow pipe fitting can be interconnected by hickey, then be alternately connected with hemispherical, hemispherical alternately can separately as a reefs structure, be connected with fixture, or two hemispherical reefs can be combined into a spherical reefs, spherical reefs is connected with anchoring device again.
2. a kind of easily extensible according to claim 1 can locate artificial fish shelter, it is characterized in that: the material of reefs is plastics, rubber, stainless steel metal, and shaping reefs should have certain wall thickness, the making of threaded connection hole on reefs.
3. a kind of easily extensible according to claim 1 can locate artificial fish shelter, it is characterized in that: reefs is distributed with internal thread or external screw thread connecting hole, is used for being connected with pipe fitting, and connecting hole being distributed as on reefs is uniformly distributed or uneven distribution.
4. a kind of easily extensible can locate artificial fish shelter according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: there is boring at hemispherical reefs edge, for being connected with another hemisphere or being connected with fixture.
5. a kind of easily extensible according to claim 1 can locate artificial fish shelter, it is characterized in that: multistage hollow pipe fitting is made up of plastics, rubber or the stainless steel metal pipe that caliber is different, the tube wall of pipe fitting there is hickey, be used for being connected with the pipe fitting of next stage, the termination of pipe fitting has hickey, Large Diameter Pipeline pipe fitting is used for being connected with hemispherical reefs, and middle caliber pipe fitting is connected on Large Diameter Pipeline by nipple, and pipe with small pipe diameter pipe fitting is connected on the pipe fitting of middle caliber.
6. a kind of easily extensible according to claim 1 can locate artificial fish shelter, it is characterized in that: the boring of hemispherical reefs has a small amount of screwed hole, is connected with pipe fitting, other borings are hollow bore, pipe fitting drilling also can be a small amount of screwed hole, is connected with subordinate pipe fitting, and other borings are hollow bore.
7. a kind of easily extensible according to claim 1 can locate artificial fish shelter, it is characterized in that: can adopt the plasticity pipe fittings such as rubber, and pipe fitting can also bend to arbitrarily different angles, makes reefs outward appearance present different shapes.
8. a kind of easily extensible according to claim 1 can locate artificial fish shelter, it is characterized in that: the boring aperture of hemispherical reefs can not fixed size, and the boring aperture of pipe fitting also can not fixed size.
9. a kind of easily extensible according to claim 1 can locate artificial fish shelter, it is characterized in that: multiple such reefs can be threaded connection and forms matrix or form ball float array.
10. a kind of easily extensible according to claim 1 can locate artificial fish shelter, it is characterized in that: all right connecting tube in reefs, hangs simulating waterseed, multifilament fiber, fishing net, knot, polyethylene filament group.
CN201520427156.8U 2015-06-19 2015-06-19 Expanded artificial fish reef that fixes a position Expired - Fee Related CN204837543U (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105660498A (en) * 2016-04-09 2016-06-15 马同金 Artificial fish shelter capable of bubbling
CN105660500A (en) * 2016-04-09 2016-06-15 马同金 Bionic artificial fish reef
CN105660499A (en) * 2016-04-09 2016-06-15 马同金 Portable combined artificial fish shelter great wall
CN105746408A (en) * 2016-04-09 2016-07-13 马同金 Artificial fish reef with lighting function
CN105746409A (en) * 2016-04-09 2016-07-13 马同金 Portable combined artificial fish reef body
CN105766738A (en) * 2016-04-09 2016-07-20 马同金 Artificial fish reef with sonar
CN105766740A (en) * 2016-04-09 2016-07-20 马同金 Lightweight artificial fish reef
CN105766739A (en) * 2016-04-09 2016-07-20 马同金 Honeycomb artificial reef
CN105794696A (en) * 2016-04-09 2016-07-27 马同金 Artificial fish reef with sea-wave air compression pump
CN106489807A (en) * 2016-11-16 2017-03-15 长沙理工大学 A kind of sea water heat sink for administering coral reef bleaching

Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105660498A (en) * 2016-04-09 2016-06-15 马同金 Artificial fish shelter capable of bubbling
CN105660500A (en) * 2016-04-09 2016-06-15 马同金 Bionic artificial fish reef
CN105660499A (en) * 2016-04-09 2016-06-15 马同金 Portable combined artificial fish shelter great wall
CN105746408A (en) * 2016-04-09 2016-07-13 马同金 Artificial fish reef with lighting function
CN105746409A (en) * 2016-04-09 2016-07-13 马同金 Portable combined artificial fish reef body
CN105766738A (en) * 2016-04-09 2016-07-20 马同金 Artificial fish reef with sonar
CN105766740A (en) * 2016-04-09 2016-07-20 马同金 Lightweight artificial fish reef
CN105766739A (en) * 2016-04-09 2016-07-20 马同金 Honeycomb artificial reef
CN105794696A (en) * 2016-04-09 2016-07-27 马同金 Artificial fish reef with sea-wave air compression pump
CN106489807A (en) * 2016-11-16 2017-03-15 长沙理工大学 A kind of sea water heat sink for administering coral reef bleaching
CN106489807B (en) * 2016-11-16 2019-04-30 长沙理工大学 It is a kind of for administering the seawater cooling device of coral reef bleaching

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GR01 Patent grant
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20151209

Termination date: 20170619

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee