CN204826266U - Polyurethane multicomponent composite insulation board - Google Patents

Polyurethane multicomponent composite insulation board Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204826266U
CN204826266U CN201520492196.0U CN201520492196U CN204826266U CN 204826266 U CN204826266 U CN 204826266U CN 201520492196 U CN201520492196 U CN 201520492196U CN 204826266 U CN204826266 U CN 204826266U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
polyurethane
fire
multicomponent composite
clathrum
composite insulation
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201520492196.0U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
毛荏渊
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Jiangsu Bochao New Material Technology Co Ltd
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Jiangsu Bochao New Material Technology Co Ltd
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Publication date
Application filed by Jiangsu Bochao New Material Technology Co Ltd filed Critical Jiangsu Bochao New Material Technology Co Ltd
Priority to CN201520492196.0U priority Critical patent/CN204826266U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN204826266U publication Critical patent/CN204826266U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The utility model discloses a polyurethane multicomponent composite insulation board, include the polyurethane insulation layer and be located the adhesive linkage that the polyurethane insulation in situ inclined the outside on polyurethane insulation layer has set gradually interior glue film, net layer, waterproof layer, face glue film and finish coat from inside to outside spreaded fire -retardant packing cavity in the polyurethane insulation layer, it has fire -retardant material to fill in this fire -retardant packing cavity the perverse form thing of connection is consolidated to fixed being provided with on the net layer. This polyurethane multicomponent composite insulation board not only has good insulation fire performance, can also guarantee that its exterior composite bed has higher joint strength, prevents the surfacial spalling, avoids the heat preservation to intake.

Description

Polyurethane multicomponent composite insulation boards
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of constructional materials, particularly relates to a kind of body of wall fireproof heat-preservation decoration material.
Background technology
The building energy consumption of China accounts for 30% of national energy consumption, and therefore, building energy conservation is the important component part of national energy-saving work.One of major measure of building energy conservation is the thermal insulation of space enclosing structure.In recent years, the thermal insulation of architectural exterior-protecting construction mostly develops into external wall outer insulation by self-heat conserving, the material that external wall outer insulation uses not only requires to have lower coefficient of thermal conductivity, also to possess good fireproof performance simultaneously, polyurethane foam has excellent heat preservation and insulation, become the preferred material of external wall outer insulation, but polyurethane foam belongs to organic material, its fireproof performance is relatively poor, be difficult to the fire protection requirement meeting external wall outer insulation, need to improve its fire retardant performance by adding fire proofing, select the fire protection flame retarding requirement which kind of fire retardant can reach high-grade, it is the problem that people constantly study always, conventional organic fire-retardant adds too much, polyurethane foam slabs can be made in heat, secondary response under cool condition, cause sheet deformation, bending, impact is brought to workmanship and life-span.Conventional external wall insulation in use there will be the be full of cracks of appearance composite bed toward contact, peels off, and except affecting outward appearance, insulation layer also can be caused to intake and affect heat insulation effect, especially in the winter time, also can freeze and cause insulation layer to damage after water inlet.
Utility model content
For the above-mentioned deficiency existing for prior art, technical problem to be solved in the utility model is to provide a kind of polyurethane multicomponent composite insulation boards, it not only has excellent insulated fire performance, can also ensure that its appearance composite bed has higher bonding strength, prevent surface peeling, avoid insulation layer to intake.
In order to solve the problems of the technologies described above, a kind of polyurethane multicomponent composite insulation boards of the present utility model, comprise polyurethane insulation coating and be positioned at the adhesive linkage inside polyurethane insulation coating, inner glue layer, clathrum, waterproofing course, face glue-line and finish coat is disposed with from inside to outside in the outside of described polyurethane insulation coating, fire-retardant filler chamber is scattered with in described polyurethane insulation coating, be filled with flame-proof material in this fire-retardant filler chamber, described clathrum is fixedly installed the perverse shape thing that reinforces the connection.
In said structure, owing to being disposed with inner glue layer from inside to outside in the outside of described polyurethane insulation coating, clathrum, waterproofing course, face glue-line and finish coat, waterproofing course then between clathrum and finish coat can play good waterproof buffer action to the polyurethane insulation coating within clathrum and clathrum well, thus the infringement avoiding clathrum and polyurethane insulation coating to be seeped water and affect normal function, again owing to being fixedly installed the perverse shape thing that reinforces the connection on described clathrum, then can make, between clathrum and adjacent layer, there is good binding strength by the thorn that reinforces the connection, thus make, between each composite bed outside polyurethane insulation coating, there is higher bonding strength, prevent surface peeling or be full of cracks, also guarantee is provided to the waterproof effect of polyurethane insulation coating, more owing to being scattered with fire-retardant filler chamber in described polyurethane insulation coating, flame-proof material is filled with in this fire-retardant filler chamber, flame-proof material in the fire-retardant filler chamber of then scattering can strengthen the fire-retardant fireproof usefulness of polyurethane insulation coating, thus meets the insulated fire functional requirement of composite insulation boards well.
A kind of preferred embodiment of the present utility model, in described polyurethane insulation coating, uniformly dispersing has fire-retardant filler chamber.Adopt this embodiment, the flame-proof material in polyurethane insulation coating can be made to be uniformly distributed at each position of polyurethane insulation coating, thus ensure that polyurethane insulation coating has comprehensive fire retardant effect.
Another kind of preferred embodiment of the present utility model, described fire-retardant filler chamber is not led to mutually.Adopt this embodiment, fire-retardant filler chamber can be avoided to form larger volume scope and have an impact to the heat-insulating property of polyurethane insulation coating.
Another preferred embodiment of the present utility model, is filled with inorganic fire-retarded material in fire-retardant filler chamber.Adopt this embodiment, inorganic fire-retarded material environmental protection, organic fire-retardant can also be avoided to use too much can make polyurethane foam slabs at heat, secondary response and cause sheet deformation, bending problem under cool condition, thus ensure product quality.
The further preferred embodiment of the utility model, is filled with modified graphite flame-proof material in fire-retardant filler chamber.Adopt this embodiment, macromolecule modified graphite flame-proof material can form the carburization zone structure preventing propagation of flame by undergoes rapid expansion under thermal-flame, become an extraordinary heat insulation layer, block flame and rise, thus the fire-retardant fireproof performance of polyurethane insulation coating is greatly improved.
Another further preferred embodiment of the utility model, is filled with inorganic and organic mixing flame-proof material in fire-retardant filler chamber.Adopt this embodiment, can give full play to this performance of good affinity that organic fire-resisting material has, organic fire-resisting material and the composite use of inorganic fire-retarded material, make compound flame-proof material, reach good fireproof flame-retardant effect.
The another further preferred embodiment of the utility model, described clathrum is fixedly installed towards the side of polyurethane insulation coating the perverse shape thing that reinforces the connection.Adopt this embodiment, it is inner that the perverse shape thing that reinforces the connection penetrates into polyurethane insulation coating, can make between clathrum and polyurethane insulation coating, to produce higher connection fastness, thus ensure polyurethane insulation coating and raw MOUNTING-EAR song can not be produced between clathrum and other composite bed or be separated.
The utility model is preferred embodiment further, is all fixedly installed in the both sides of described clathrum the perverse shape thing that reinforces the connection.Adopt this embodiment, the perverse shape thing that reinforces the connection not only penetrates into polyurethane insulation coating inside, also make also to be enhanced between clathrum with its outer waterproofing course the effect be connected, such waterproofing course strengthens with the perverse shape thing that reinforces the connection by clathrum between polyurethane insulation coating and is connected, ensure that the connection fastness of other each composite bed outside polyurethane insulation coating, whole warming plate would not produce be full of cracks and peel off, and improves product quality.
Another further preferred embodiment of the utility model, described clathrum is steel wire braid, described in the thorn that reinforces the connection be the steel wire stretched out outside steel wire braid.Adopt this embodiment, steel wire braid intensity is high, and the perverse shape thing that reinforces the connection on it can produce in steel wire braid manufacturing process, easily manufactured.
The another further preferred embodiment of the utility model, described finish coat surface is provided with the concavo-convex sound-absorbing structure of wedge-like.Adopt this embodiment, wedge-like concaveconvex structure adds on the one hand the decorative effect of finish coat, and can play multiple reflections and the effect eliminated by noise to external world on the other hand, noise reduction environmental protection, improves product quality.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments, the utility model polyurethane multicomponent composite insulation boards is described in further detail.
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of a kind of detailed description of the invention of the utility model polyurethane multicomponent composite insulation boards.
In figure: 1-adhesive linkage, 2-polyurethane insulation coating, 21-fire-retardant filler chamber, 22-flame-proof material, 3-inner glue layer, 4-clathrum, 41-reinforce the connection perverse shape thing, 5-waterproofing course, 6-face glue-line, 7-finish coat, the concavo-convex sound-absorbing structure of 71-wedge-like.
Detailed description of the invention
In the polyurethane multicomponent composite insulation boards shown in Fig. 1, whole composite insulation boards is cuboid, is composited by sandwich construction, is fitted on the wall face of building in use procedure, plays insulation, fire prevention and decoration function.The inner side of composite insulation boards is that composite insulation boards pastes with body of wall the adhesive linkage 1 be connected, polyurethane insulation coating 2 is followed successively by outside it, inner glue layer 3, clathrum 4, waterproofing course 5, face glue-line 6 and finish coat 7, wherein polyurethane insulation coating 2, clathrum 4, waterproofing course 5 and finish coat 7 are principal functional structure layer, in described polyurethane insulation coating 2, uniformly dispersing has fire-retardant filler chamber 21, each fire-retardant filler chamber 21 is not led to mutually, flame-proof material 22 is filled with in fire-retardant filler chamber 21, the flame-proof material 22 filled is inorganic fire-retarded material, be preferably macromolecule modified graphite flame-proof material, polyurethane foam in polyurethane insulation coating 2 can form carbon distribution at its foam surface when with the addition of macromolecule modified graphite flame-proof material after-combustion, this lamination carbon is isolated with foam below by flame, effectively prevent propagation of flame, and, polyurethane does not at high temperature also produce pernicious gas, thus make this composite insulation boards high flame retardant, safe and reliable, energy-saving heat preserving, environmental protection.Clathrum 4 is fixedly installed the perverse shape thing 41 that reinforces the connection, clathrum 4 is steel wire braid, the thorn that reinforces the connection 41 is the some steel wire sections of stretching out outside steel wire braid produced in gauze wire cloth braiding process, this some steel wire section is stretched out from the two sides of clathrum 4, it is inner that steel wire section towards polyurethane insulation coating 2 side penetrates into polyurethane insulation coating 2, the steel wire section of opposite side contacts with waterproofing course 5 and connects, thus by clathrum 4 and on the thorn 41 that reinforces the connection significantly enhance compound fastness and the structural rigidity of whole composite insulation boards.Waterproofing course 5 between clathrum 4 and finish coat 7 can play good waterproof buffer action to the polyurethane insulation coating 2 within clathrum 4 and clathrum 4 well, thus the infringement avoiding clathrum 4 and polyurethane insulation coating 2 to be seeped water and affect normal function, this sample composite insulation boards tension, compressive strength are high, insulation life-span and building same longevity.Described finish coat 7 is bonded in the outermost of whole composite insulation boards by face glue-line 6, play decoration function, be provided with the concavo-convex sound-absorbing structure 71 of wedge-like, can play good sound-deadening and noise-reducing effect by noise to external world on the surface of finish coat 7.
Below detailed description of the invention more of the present utility model are only listed, but the utility model is not limited in this, more improvement and conversion can also be made, inorganic polymer modified graphite flame-proof material is filled as may not be in fire-retardant filler chamber 21, but inorganic and organic mixing flame-proof material can be filled, mix flame-proof material as red phosphorus and the composite formation of the inorganic combustion inhibitor such as aluminium hydroxide, expansile graphite, good fireproof flame-retardant effect can be reached equally; Described clathrum 4 may not be steel wire braid, and can be fiberglass braided layer or other organic fiber braid; The surface of described finish coat 7 may not be and is provided with the concavo-convex sound-absorbing structure 71 of wedge-like, and can be decorative pattern or the structure of other form.And so on, as long as improvement done on the utility model general principle basis and conversion, all should be considered as falling in protection domain of the present utility model.

Claims (10)

1. a polyurethane multicomponent composite insulation boards, comprise polyurethane insulation coating (2) and be positioned at the adhesive linkage (1) inside polyurethane insulation coating (2), it is characterized in that: be disposed with inner glue layer (3), clathrum (4), waterproofing course (5), face glue-line (6) and finish coat (7) from inside to outside in the outside of described polyurethane insulation coating (2); In described polyurethane insulation coating (2), be scattered with fire-retardant filler chamber (21), in this fire-retardant filler chamber (21), be filled with flame-proof material (22), described clathrum (4) is fixedly installed the perverse shape thing (41) that reinforces the connection.
2. polyurethane multicomponent composite insulation boards according to claim 1, is characterized in that: in described polyurethane insulation coating (2), uniformly dispersing has fire-retardant filler chamber (21).
3. polyurethane multicomponent composite insulation boards according to claim 1 and 2, is characterized in that: described fire-retardant filler chamber (21) is not led to mutually.
4. polyurethane multicomponent composite insulation boards according to claim 1 and 2, is characterized in that: in fire-retardant filler chamber (21), be filled with inorganic fire-retarded material.
5. polyurethane multicomponent composite insulation boards according to claim 4, is characterized in that: in fire-retardant filler chamber (21), be filled with modified graphite flame-proof material.
6. polyurethane multicomponent composite insulation boards according to claim 1 and 2, is characterized in that: in fire-retardant filler chamber (21), be filled with inorganic and organic mixing flame-proof material.
7. polyurethane multicomponent composite insulation boards according to claim 1, is characterized in that: on described clathrum (4), be fixedly installed the perverse shape thing (41) that reinforces the connection towards the side of polyurethane insulation coating (2).
8. polyurethane multicomponent composite insulation boards according to claim 1, is characterized in that: be all fixedly installed in the both sides of described clathrum (4) the perverse shape thing (41) that reinforces the connection.
9. the polyurethane multicomponent composite insulation boards according to claim 7 or 8, is characterized in that: described clathrum (4) is steel wire braid, described in reinforce the connection thorn (41) for stretching out the steel wire outside steel wire braid.
10. polyurethane multicomponent composite insulation boards according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described finish coat (7) surface is provided with the concavo-convex sound-absorbing structure of wedge-like (71).
CN201520492196.0U 2015-07-09 2015-07-09 Polyurethane multicomponent composite insulation board Expired - Fee Related CN204826266U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520492196.0U CN204826266U (en) 2015-07-09 2015-07-09 Polyurethane multicomponent composite insulation board

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520492196.0U CN204826266U (en) 2015-07-09 2015-07-09 Polyurethane multicomponent composite insulation board

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN204826266U true CN204826266U (en) 2015-12-02

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201520492196.0U Expired - Fee Related CN204826266U (en) 2015-07-09 2015-07-09 Polyurethane multicomponent composite insulation board

Country Status (1)

Country Link
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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105926789A (en) * 2016-05-09 2016-09-07 江苏建中能源科技有限公司 Reinforced polyurethane insulation board with fireproof function
CN110725420A (en) * 2019-08-31 2020-01-24 赵其英 Flame-retardant polyurethane waterproof coiled material and preparation method thereof

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105926789A (en) * 2016-05-09 2016-09-07 江苏建中能源科技有限公司 Reinforced polyurethane insulation board with fireproof function
CN110725420A (en) * 2019-08-31 2020-01-24 赵其英 Flame-retardant polyurethane waterproof coiled material and preparation method thereof

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20151202

Termination date: 20180709