CN204824727U - Pyrolysis process units based on high temperature mixture in circulating fluidized bed boiler furnace - Google Patents

Pyrolysis process units based on high temperature mixture in circulating fluidized bed boiler furnace Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204824727U
CN204824727U CN201520493247.1U CN201520493247U CN204824727U CN 204824727 U CN204824727 U CN 204824727U CN 201520493247 U CN201520493247 U CN 201520493247U CN 204824727 U CN204824727 U CN 204824727U
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burning
bed boiler
fluid bed
fluidized bed
circulating fluid
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CN201520493247.1U
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佘焱
董芳儒
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Shaanxi Mei Silin Energy Science And Technology Research Institute
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Shaanxi Mei Silin Energy Science And Technology Research Institute
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a pyrolysis process units based on high temperature mixture in circulating fluidized bed boiler furnace, include circulating fluidized bed boiler furnace and the fluidized bed pyrolytic reaction ware that is equipped with pyrolysis coal slope pipe connector mouth, plenum upper end slope in the circulating fluidized bed boiler furnace is equipped with the circulating fluidized bed distributing plate, set up the export of high temperature mixture on the brickwork side in the conic section district of circulating fluidized bed boiler furnace's fluidized bed distributing plate top, high temperature mixture export is through on to the side of the mixed charge bank union coupling of high temperature is to the fluidized bed pyrolytic reaction ware reacting chamber bottom, the loop type pyrolysis semicoke storehouse of fluidized bed pyrolytic reaction ware through pyrolysis semicoke slope union coupling to the circulating fluidized bed boiler furnace in. Through carrying out redesign to current circulating fluidized bed distributing plate, other facilities are unchangeable, make traditional dust removing technology supporting use with it to can enlarge with the circulating fluidized bed boiler coupling that the industrialization was used, reduce the solid content of the product tar retrieved, make it utilize.

Description

Based on the pyrolytic process device of the indoor high temperature compound of burning in circulating fluid bed boiler
Technical field
The utility model belongs to Coal Chemical Industry (and resinous shale) pyrolysis art, is specifically related to a kind of pyrolytic process device based on the indoor high temperature compound of burning in circulating fluid bed boiler.
Background technology
The endowment of resources condition of China's " rich coal, weak breath, oil starvation ", cause and come to take coal as Main Resources for a long time, make coal in China larger at thermal power industry consumption proportion, simultaneously in coal utilization process due to improper to pollutant emission measure of control, make traditional coal exploitation and processing and utilization become the main source of China's environmental pollution, and then China become typical smoke pollution type country.Pyrolysis of coal is the important means realizing coal comprehensive utilization and clean coal technology, is one of development Modern Coal-based Chemical gordian technique realizing Poly-generation.In pyrolytic process of coal, solid heat carrier pyrolysis is one of wherein important method.
A kind of coal pyrolytic gasified multi-production process based on circulating fluidized bed and system is provided in patent CN104263419A.This device utilizes the high-temp circulating ash of circular fluid bed in moving bed pyrolysis reactor, to carry out pyrolysis to high volatile coal as thermal barrier.In patent CN101220298B, provide a kind of circulating fluidized bed pyrolysis gasification method and device, this patent fuel carries out pyrolysis or gasification reaction in pyrolysis vaporizer, produce coal gas and semicoke, semicoke burn in a combustion chamber produce high temperature circulation heat ash send into pyrolysis vaporizer, for pyrolytic gasification reaction heat is provided.
In patent CN101691501A, provide a kind of circulating fluidized bed coal grading and transform gas, tar, semi-coke multi-joint-production apparatus and method.This invention be make use of fluidized bed dry distillation stove emulsion zone and is connected with circle fluidized-bed gasification furnace by material returning device, circle fluidized-bed gasification furnace freeboard of fluidized bed connects with fluidized bed dry distillation stove emulsion zone and circle fluidized-bed gasification furnace emulsion zone through vapourizing furnace high-temperature separator and two-way material returning device, fluidized bed dry distillation stove freeboard of fluidized bed connects with gas retort separator and gas cleaning system successively, is wherein the high-temperature material that is separated through high-temperature separator by top of gasification furnace (freeboard of fluidized bed) thermal barrier as gas retort.
It is thermal source that above-mentioned patent all make use of solid thermal carriers, but the solid thermal carriers used (high temperature ash) are by the fluidized-bed (circular fluid bed in above-mentioned patent CN104263419A, circulating fluidized bed combustor in CN101220298B, circle fluidized-bed gasification furnace in CN101691501A) top cyclonic separator obtain, the solid thermal carriers moving bed pyrolysis applied respectively or solid thermal carriers fluidized bed pyrolysis technology, all there is complex process, the high-temperature hot oil gas dustiness that pyrolysis produces is high, tradition dust collecting process technology cannot support the use with it, the product tar of recovery is caused to make it be difficult to utilize because solid content is higher.Secondly owing to make use of the high temperature ash at fluidized-bed top as thermal barrier, when raw coal ature of coal change, that pulverized coal particle change, device load adjustment etc. all there will be the high temperature ash quantity that cyclonic separator separates is few, directly affects the safe and stable operation of pyrolytic process device.
Utility model content
In order to solve prior art Problems existing and deficiency, traditional dedusting technology is supported the use with it, and can with the circular fluid bed of industrial applications (such as power plant's circular fluid bed) coupling amplification, the utility model provides a kind of pyrolytic process device based on the indoor high temperature compound of burning in circulating fluid bed boiler.
The utility model is achieved through the following technical solutions:
A kind of pyrolytic process device based on the indoor high temperature compound of burning in circulating fluid bed boiler, comprise burning in circulating fluid bed boiler room and the fluidized bed pyrolysis reactor being provided with pyrolyzing coal slope interface tube, the air compartment upper end of burning in circulating fluid bed boiler indoor is tiltedly installed with circulating fluidized bed grid distributor, the furnace wall side in the Zhui Duan district above the distribuor of fluidized bed of burning in circulating fluid bed boiler room is arranged the outlet of high temperature compound, the outlet of high temperature compound is connected in fluidized bed pyrolysis reactor reaction chamber bottom sides by high temperature mixing charge bank pipe, the ring-like pyrolysis char storehouse of fluidized bed pyrolysis reactor is connected to burning in circulating fluid bed boiler indoor by pyrolysis char slope pipe.
Described fluidized bed pyrolysis reactor comprises circulating air chamber, reaction chamber, separate chamber and cyclonic separator, the outlet of high temperature compound is connected in reaction chamber bottom sides by high temperature mixing charge bank pipe, the circulating air chamber entered for circulation gas is provided with below reaction chamber, circulation gas grid distributor is provided with between circulating air chamber and reaction chamber, reaction chamber sidewall above circulation gas grid distributor is provided with pyrolyzing coal slope interface tube, pyrolyzing coal slope interface tube is connected with the pyrolyzing coal slope pipe entered for pyrolyzing coal, separate chamber is provided with above reaction chamber, reaction chamber cylindrical shell extends to inside, separate chamber, and form a ring-like pyrolysis char storehouse between separate chamber's cylinder body bottom cavity, ring-like pyrolysis char storehouse is connected to burning in circulating fluid bed boiler indoor by pyrolysis char slope pipe, cyclonic separator is provided with in separate chamber, cyclonic separator top is provided with High Temperature Gas outlet.
Described cyclonic separator bottom is provided with dust granules relief outlet, and reaction chamber bottom sides is also provided with grey slag outlet, ring-like pyrolysis char storehouse is provided with the outlet of residual heat semicoke.
Separate chamber's diameter is 1.2 ~ 1.8 times of reaction chamber.
High temperature mixing charge bank pipe is provided with high temperature compound mechanical valve, and pyrolysis char slope pipe is provided with pyrolysis char mechanical valve.
Described burning in circulating fluid bed boiler room is the certain space surrounded by furnace wall and water wall, its top is square structure, the bottom side of being tapered structure, room is provided with cyclonic separator to burning in circulating fluid bed boiler, cyclonic separator top is provided with heat smoke outlet, cyclonic separator outlet at bottom divides two-way, heat ash is discharged on one tunnel, leading up to U-shaped material returning device and coal dust feed-pipe is connected in the cycling hot ash import of burning in circulating fluid bed boiler room, in bottom burning in circulating fluid bed boiler room, air compartment upper end is tiltedly installed with circulating fluidized bed grid distributor, the furnace wall side in the Zhui Duan district above the distribuor of fluidized bed of burning in circulating fluid bed boiler room is arranged the outlet of high temperature compound, the air compartment entered for First air is provided with bottom burning in circulating fluid bed boiler room, the furnace wall side in burning in circulating fluid bed boiler Shi Zhuiduan district is also provided with secondary air inlet.
Described circulating fluidized bed grid distributor comprises blast cap, intake opening, blast pipe, wearing layer, water-cooled tube and supporting plate; Supporting plate is provided with wearing layer, water-cooled tube and blast pipe, blast pipe is provided with blast cap, blast cap is provided with intake opening.
Pyrolyzing coal slope pipe, pyrolysis char slope pipe and high temperature mixing charge bank pipe include the steel pipe layer set gradually from outside to inside, transition layer, corundum layer and wearing layer.
On the furnace wall side in the Zhui Duan district above described distribuor of fluidized bed, 0.3 ~ 7 meter of is provided with the outlet of high temperature compound, the air compartment upper end of burning in circulating fluid bed boiler indoor is to the outlet of high temperature compound, and relief outlet tilts 9 ~ 20 degree and is provided with circulating fluidized bed grid distributor.
The air compartment upper end of burning in circulating fluid bed boiler indoor tilts 13 ~ 20 degree to be provided with circulating fluidized bed grid distributor to high temperature compound relief outlet.
Compared with prior art, the utility model has following useful technique effect:
The pyrolytic process device based on the indoor high temperature compound of burning in circulating fluid bed boiler that the utility model provides, by only redesigning the circulating fluidized bed grid distributor of existing burning in circulating fluid bed boiler room, other facilities remain unchanged and just can meet the technical requirements of pyrolysis installation, traditional dedusting technology is supported the use with it, and can with the circular fluid bed coupling amplification of industrial applications, reduce the solid content of the product tar of recovery, make it utilize.
Simultaneously, because high temperature compound exports on the furnace wall side in the Zhui Duan district above the distribuor of fluidized bed being arranged on burning in circulating fluid bed boiler room by it, change the discharge method of high temperature compound, thus avoid when raw coal ature of coal change, pulverized coal particle change, the change such as device load adjustment time, the high temperature ash quantity that the cyclonic separator occurred is separated is few, directly affects the problem of the safe and stable operation of pyrolysis installation.Ensure that the safe and stable operation of pyrolysis installation.
It is light that slope of the present utility model pipe has quality, and temperature-resistance thermal-insulation is effective, and internal surface hardness is high and smooth, is adapted to the free landing of the solid materials of high temperature; Conveying.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present utility model.Sequence number 1 in figure is pyrolyzing coal, 2 is pyrolyzing coal slope pipe, 3 is circulation gas grid distributor, 4 is circulating air chamber, 5 is circulation gas, 6 is reaction chamber, 7 is separate chamber, 8 is ring-like pyrolysis char storehouse, 9 is cyclonic separator, 10 is High Temperature Gas, 11 is dust granules, 12 is residual heat semicoke, 13 is pyrolysis char slope pipe, 14 is pyrolysis char mechanical valve, 15 is burning in circulating fluid bed boiler room, 16 is heat smoke, 17 is cyclonic separator, 18 is heat ash, 19 is U-shaped material returning device, 20 is coal dust, 21 is secondary air, 22 is circulating fluidized bed grid distributor, 23 is air compartment, 24 is First air, 25 is high temperature mixing charge bank pipe, 26 is high temperature compound mechanical valve, 27 is lime-ash.
Wherein Z is Zhui Duan district, and CFBC is burning in circulating fluid bed boiler room, and FBPR is fluidized bed pyrolysis reactor.
Fig. 2 is circulating fluidized bed distributing plate structure schematic diagram.In figure, sequence number 22-1 is blast cap, and 22-2 is intake opening, and 22-3 is blast pipe, and 22-4 is wearing layer, and 22-5 is water-cooled tube, and 22-6 is supporting plate, and a is pitch angle.
Fig. 3 is slope pipe.(comprising pyrolyzing coal slope pipe 2, pyrolysis char slope pipe 13 and high temperature mixing charge bank pipe 25) structural representation, so that in high temperature mixing charge bank pipe 25, figure, sequence number 25-1 is for steel pipe, 25-2 is transition layer, and 25-3 is corundum layer, and 25-4 is wearing layer.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with specific embodiment, the utility model is described in further detail, described in be to explanation of the present utility model instead of restriction.
A kind of pyrolytic process device based on the indoor high temperature compound of burning in circulating fluid bed boiler that the utility model provides forms primarily of two portions, and a part is burning in circulating fluid bed boiler room CFBC, and another part is fluidized bed pyrolysis reactor FBPR.CFBC and FBPR is linked together by two slope pipes, achieves raw material coal grading sub-prime and utilizes.
See Fig. 1 to Fig. 3, a kind of pyrolytic process device based on the indoor high temperature compound of burning in circulating fluid bed boiler, comprise burning in circulating fluid bed boiler room 15 and the fluidized bed pyrolysis reactor FBPR being provided with pyrolyzing coal slope pipe 2 interface, air compartment upper end in burning in circulating fluid bed boiler room 15 is tiltedly installed with circulating fluidized bed grid distributor 22, the furnace wall side in the Zhui Duan district above the distribuor of fluidized bed 22 of burning in circulating fluid bed boiler room 15 is arranged the outlet of high temperature compound, the outlet of high temperature compound is connected in fluidized bed pyrolysis reactor FBPR reaction chamber bottom sides by high temperature mixing charge bank pipe 25, the ring-like pyrolysis char storehouse 8 of fluidized bed pyrolysis reactor FBPR is connected in burning in circulating fluid bed boiler room 15 by pyrolysis char slope pipe 13.
Concrete, described fluidized bed pyrolysis reactor FBPR comprises circulating air chamber 4, reaction chamber 6, separate chamber 7 and cyclonic separator 9, the outlet of high temperature compound is connected in reaction chamber 6 bottom sides by high temperature mixing charge bank pipe 25, the circulating air chamber 4 entered for circulation gas 5 is provided with below reaction chamber 6, circulation gas grid distributor 3 is provided with between circulating air chamber 4 and reaction chamber 6, reaction chamber 6 sidewall above circulation gas grid distributor 3 is provided with pyrolyzing coal slope pipe 2 interface, pyrolyzing coal slope pipe 2 interface is connected with the pyrolyzing coal slope pipe 2 entered for pyrolyzing coal 1, separate chamber 7 is provided with above reaction chamber 6, it is inner that reaction chamber 6 cylindrical shell extends to separate chamber 7, and form a ring-like pyrolysis char storehouse 8 between separate chamber 7 cylinder body bottom cavity, ring-like pyrolysis char storehouse 8 is connected in burning in circulating fluid bed boiler room 15 by pyrolysis char slope pipe 13, cyclonic separator 9 is provided with in separate chamber 7, cyclonic separator 9 top is provided with High Temperature Gas 10 and exports, high temperature mixing charge bank pipe 25 is provided with high temperature compound mechanical valve 26, and pyrolysis char slope pipe 13 is provided with pyrolysis char mechanical valve 14, described cyclonic separator 9 bottom is provided with dust granules 11 relief outlet, reaction chamber 6 bottom sides is also provided with lime-ash 27 relief outlet, and ring-like pyrolysis char storehouse 8 is provided with residual heat semicoke outlet 12, separate chamber 7 diameter is 1.2 ~ 1.8 times of reaction chamber 6.
Described burning in circulating fluid bed boiler room 15 is the certain spaces surrounded by furnace wall and water wall, its top is square structure, the bottom side of being tapered structure, burning in circulating fluid bed boiler room 15 is provided with cyclonic separator 17, cyclonic separator 17 top is provided with heat smoke 16 and exports, cyclonic separator 17 outlet at bottom divides two-way, heat ash 18 is discharged on one tunnel, leading up to U-shaped material returning device 19 and coal dust 20 feed-pipe is connected in the cycling hot ash import of burning in circulating fluid bed boiler room 15, in bottom burning in circulating fluid bed boiler room 15, air compartment upper end is tiltedly installed with circulating fluidized bed grid distributor 22, the furnace wall side in the Zhui Duan district above the distribuor of fluidized bed 22 of burning in circulating fluid bed boiler room 15 is arranged the outlet of high temperature compound, the air compartment 23 entered for First air 24 is provided with below the bottom part fabric swatch of burning in circulating fluid bed boiler room 15, the furnace wall side in burning in circulating fluid bed boiler Shi15Zhui Duan district is also provided with secondary air 21 import.
Wherein, described circulating fluidized bed grid distributor 22 comprises blast cap 22-1, intake opening 22-2, blast pipe 22-3, wearing layer 22-4, water-cooled tube 22-5 and supporting plate 22-6; Supporting plate 22-6 is provided with wearing layer 22-4, water-cooled tube 22-5 and blast pipe 22-3, blast pipe 22-3 is provided with blast cap 22-1, blast cap 22-1 is provided with intake opening 22-2.Pyrolyzing coal slope pipe 2, pyrolysis char slope pipe 13 and high temperature mixing charge bank pipe 25 include the steel pipe layer 25-1 set gradually from outside to inside, transition layer 25-2, corundum layer 25-3 and wearing layer 25-4.
Further, on the furnace wall side in the Zhui Duan district above described distribuor of fluidized bed 22,0.3 ~ 7 meter of is provided with the outlet of high temperature compound, and the air compartment upper end in burning in circulating fluid bed boiler room 15 tilts 9 ~ 20 degree to be provided with circulating fluidized bed grid distributor 22 to high temperature compound outlet relief outlet.Preferably, the air compartment upper end in burning in circulating fluid bed boiler room 15 is to the outlet of high temperature compound, and relief outlet tilts 13 ~ 20 degree and is provided with circulating fluidized bed grid distributor 22.
It should be noted that, CFBC is burning in circulating fluid bed boiler room, and FBPR is fluidized bed pyrolysis reactor.
It should be noted that, the high temperature compound in the utility model use burning in circulating fluid bed boiler room CFBC is as solid thermal carriers.This high temperature compound is made up of high-temperature hot semicoke, high-temperature coal spoil, lime-ash etc., and have grain diameter large, physical strength is high, the feature that dust content is little.The solid thermal carriers that preferred the utility model uses are the high-temperature semi-coke in the CFBC of burning in circulating fluid bed boiler room, and have grain diameter large, physical strength is high, the feature that dust content is little.Burning in circulating fluid bed boiler room CFBC is the place that fuel (coal, resinous shale etc.) burns.It surrounds certain space by furnace wall and water wall, and fuel burning in fluidized in this space.Furnace wall side is provided with cycling hot ash import and secondary air inlet, and various metrical instrument mouth.Furnace wall adopts nonmetal Fire and abrasion resistant material to build by laying bricks or stones and forms, and buries many parallel pipes and water wall in the furnace wall of circulating fluidized bed combustor surrounding, produces steam for absorbing heat.Generally enter the feed coal of burning in circulating fluid bed boiler room, under airflow function, solid particulate coal redistributes in burning in circulating fluid bed boiler indoor, what particle was larger is trapped in burning in circulating fluid bed boiler indoor, and what particle was less enters top, burning in circulating fluid bed boiler room cyclonic separator with air-flow.Usually enter circular fluid bed top cyclonic separator (or separator of other types) separated particle of catching on average at 70 ~ 180 microns, a part drains into outside system as lime-ash; Another part is back to burning in circulating fluid bed boiler room and repeatedly burns; The fine particle being less than 70 microns is brought in rear system by heat smoke and removes.And the particle being greater than 180 microns is still trapped in burning in circulating fluid bed boiler indoor, due to wearing and tearing and fragmentation, the particle diameter of particle is constantly becoming fine particle, and is finally exhausted from system, and does not have broken macrobead directly to be discharged by bottom.Generally be deposited on the high temperature mixture particle median size in circular fluid bed Zhui Duan district at 1 ~ 8mm, temperature is at 850 ~ 900 DEG C.The outlet of high temperature compound is set in the furnace wall side in burning in circulating fluid bed boiler Shi Zhuiduan district, is delivered on fluidized bed pyrolysis reactor bottom cycle gas grid distributor by slope pipe.Preferred high-temperature semi-coke outlet position distance be circular fluid bed gas distribution grid above 0.3 ~ 7 meter.The circulating fluidized bed grid distributor of circular fluid bed of the present utility model need tilt 9 ~ 20 degree to high-temperature hot semicoke relief outlet, and the preferred inclination number of degrees are 13 ~ 20 degree.
Fluidized bed pyrolysis reactor FBPR of the present utility model, its pyrolyzing coal and high temperature compound enter from pyrolysis reactor reaction chamber bottom sides via pyrolyzing coal slope pipe, high temperature mixing charge bank pipe, the flow of high temperature compound controls its size by the mechanical valve on high temperature mixing charge bank pipe, and feed coal is controlled by the method known.Circulation gas (coal gas or the CO2) grid distributor on fluidized bed pyrolysis reactor bottom cycle air chamber enters reaction chamber.Heat is provided by high temperature compound in reaction chamber, with pyrolyzing coal and circulation gas flash heat transfer, its pyrolyzing coal is made to reach rapidly 500 ~ 600 DEG C, pyrolyzing coal generation pyrolysis, the high-temperature oil gas of generation and be mixed to form 500 ~ 600 DEG C of High Temperature Gas by the circulation gas heated.The pyrolysis char of the semicoke mixing composition 500 ~ 600 DEG C that the high temperature compound after heat transfer cooling generates with pyrolyzing coal generation pyrolysis, and under high temperature gas flow castering action, rise to pyrolysis reactor separate chamber.Separate chamber's diameter is 1.2 ~ 1.8 times of reaction chamber, reaction chamber cylindrical shell extends to inside, separate chamber, a ring-like pyrolysis char storehouse is formed with separate chamber's cylindrical shell, the pyrolysis char be separated in separate chamber is stored in ring-like pyrolysis char storehouse, a part enters circulating fluidized bed combustor via the pyrolysis char slope pipe at the bottom of ring-like pyrolysis char storehouse, carries out recycle burning, heating and grain diameter and distributes.Remainder discharge gate at the bottom of ring-like pyrolysis char storehouse is discharged, and stores as semicoke product via after the process for cooling cooling of maturation.High Temperature Gas continues to rise, remove after dust through cyclonic separator and send pyrolysis installation, the mature and stable technique that High Temperature Gas after dedusting adopts current coking industry known carries out the purifying treatment of coal tar oil recovery and coal gas, and the dust that cyclonic separator removes cools the storage of rear feeding semicoke outward via row of conduits to device and deposits.
The using method of the utility model device is:
The pyrolyzing coal 1 of 0.1 ~ 8mm is sent into the reaction chamber 6 of FBPR through pyrolyzing coal slope pipe 2, mix in the bottom of FBPR reaction chamber 6 with the high temperature compound from burning in circulating fluid bed boiler room 15 inner cone section district Z.The outlet distance circulating fluidized bed grid distributor 221.2 meters of high temperature compound, flow in reaction chamber 6 through high temperature mixing charge bank pipe 25, the flow of high temperature compound is controlled by high temperature compound mechanical valve 26.Circulation gas (coal gas) 5 enters reaction chamber 6 after the circulation gas grid distributor 3 in circulating air chamber 4 carries out air flow method.Under the agitaion of upstream, pyrolyzing coal 1 and circulation gas 5 accept the rapid heating of the high temperature compound from burning in circulating fluid bed boiler room 15 inner cone section district Z in reaction chamber 6, and its temperature rises to 565 DEG C.There is pyrolysis in the pyrolyzing coal 1 after being heated, the oil gas that pyrolysis produces and circulation gas 5 are mixed to form high temperature gas flow; The semicoke that pyrolysis produces and the high temperature compound that the rear temperature of heat transfer reduces have been mixed to form the pyrolysis char of 565 DEG C.Under the effect of upstream, pyrolysis char is promoted to pyrolysis reactor separate chamber 7, because separate chamber 7 diameter is 1.3 times of reaction chamber 6, gas flow rate reduces, and the pyrolysis char generation settlement action carried, falls in ring-like pyrolysis char storehouse 8.Hot semicoke in ring-like pyrolysis char storehouse 8 one flows in burning in circulating fluid bed boiler room 15 through pyrolysis char slope pipe 13 and carries out recycle burning, heating and grain diameter and distribute, and the flow of hot semicoke is controlled by pyrolysis char mechanical valve 14.Another part as residual heat semicoke 12, after discharge system through cooling as product semicoke.After High Temperature Gas 10 carrying device after cyclonic separator 9 dedusting, carry out condensing cooling by the processing method known and reclaim coal tar and purification coal gas.The dust granules 11 that cyclonic separator 9 removes is by pipeline discharger.The heat smoke stream produced in burning in circulating fluid bed boiler room 15 carries solid particulate and enters cyclonic separator 17, the heat smoke 16 after the particle that cyclonic separator 17 removes 70 ~ 180 microns deliver to after system production steam-electric power.Remove heat ash, a part bottom cyclonic separator 17 by grey for heat 18 dischargers; Another part enters in burning in circulating fluid bed boiler room 15 and carries out recycle burning after U-shaped material returning device 19 mixes with the coal dust 20 being less than 0.1mm.Through air compartment 23 top circulating fluidized bed grid distributor 22, the First air 24 after gas distribution enters in burning in circulating fluid bed boiler room 15.Under the effect of wind 24 again, fine particle rises with air-flow, and macrobead deposits at circular fluid bed Zhui Duan district Z, for fluidized bed pyrolysis reactor FBPR provides 880 DEG C of solid thermal carriers.Bottom the reaction chamber 6 of FBPR, the macrobead lime-ash 27 of accumulation drains into system from scum pipe and processes.
More than show and describe ultimate principle of the present utility model and principal character and advantage of the present utility model.The technician of the industry should understand; the utility model is not restricted to the described embodiments; what describe in above-described embodiment and specification sheets just illustrates principle of the present utility model; under the prerequisite not departing from the utility model spirit and scope; the utility model also has various changes and modifications, and these changes and improvements all fall within the scope of claimed the utility model.The claimed scope of the utility model is defined by appending claims and equivalent thereof.

Claims (10)

1. the pyrolytic process device based on the indoor high temperature compound of burning in circulating fluid bed boiler, it is characterized in that, comprise burning in circulating fluid bed boiler room (15) and be provided with the fluidized bed pyrolysis reactor (FBPR) that (2) interface is managed on pyrolyzing coal slope, air compartment upper end in burning in circulating fluid bed boiler room (15) is tiltedly installed with circulating fluidized bed grid distributor (22), the furnace wall side in the Zhui Duan district of distribuor of fluidized bed (22) top of burning in circulating fluid bed boiler room (15) arranges the outlet of high temperature compound, the outlet of high temperature compound is connected in fluidized bed pyrolysis reactor (FBPR) reaction chamber bottom sides by high temperature mixing charge bank pipe (25), the ring-like pyrolysis char storehouse (8) of fluidized bed pyrolysis reactor (FBPR) is connected in burning in circulating fluid bed boiler room (15) by pyrolysis char slope pipe (13).
2. the pyrolytic process device based on the indoor high temperature compound of burning in circulating fluid bed boiler according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described fluidized bed pyrolysis reactor (FBPR) comprises circulating air chamber (4), reaction chamber (6), separate chamber (7) and cyclonic separator (9); the outlet of high temperature compound is connected in reaction chamber (6) bottom sides by high temperature mixing charge bank pipe (25), reaction chamber (6) below is provided with the circulating air chamber (4) entered for circulation gas (5), circulation gas grid distributor (3) is provided with between circulating air chamber (4) and reaction chamber (6), reaction chamber (6) sidewall of circulation gas grid distributor (3) top is provided with pyrolyzing coal slope pipe (2) interface, pyrolyzing coal slope pipe (2) interface is connected with pyrolyzing coal slope pipe (2) entered for pyrolyzing coal (1), reaction chamber (6) top is provided with separate chamber (7), it is inner that reaction chamber (6) cylindrical shell extends to separate chamber (7), and form a ring-like pyrolysis char storehouse (8) between separate chamber (7) cylinder body bottom cavity, ring-like pyrolysis char storehouse (8) is connected in burning in circulating fluid bed boiler room (15) by pyrolysis char slope pipe (13), cyclonic separator (9) is provided with in separate chamber (7), cyclonic separator (9) top is provided with High Temperature Gas (10) outlet.
3. the pyrolytic process device based on the indoor high temperature compound of burning in circulating fluid bed boiler according to claim 2, it is characterized in that, described cyclonic separator (9) bottom is provided with dust granules (11) relief outlet, reaction chamber (6) bottom sides is also provided with lime-ash (27) relief outlet, ring-like pyrolysis char storehouse (8) is provided with residual heat semicoke outlet (12).
4. the pyrolytic process device based on the indoor high temperature compound of burning in circulating fluid bed boiler according to claim 2, it is characterized in that, separate chamber (7) diameter is 1.2 ~ 1.8 times of reaction chamber (6).
5. the pyrolytic process device based on the indoor high temperature compound of burning in circulating fluid bed boiler according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, high temperature mixing charge bank pipe (25) is provided with high temperature compound mechanical valve (26), and pyrolysis char slope pipe (13) is provided with pyrolysis char mechanical valve (14).
6. the pyrolytic process device based on the indoor high temperature compound of burning in circulating fluid bed boiler according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described burning in circulating fluid bed boiler room (15) is the certain space surrounded by furnace wall and water wall, its top is square structure, the bottom side of being tapered structure, burning in circulating fluid bed boiler room (15) is provided with cyclonic separator (17), cyclonic separator (17) top is provided with heat smoke (16) outlet, cyclonic separator (17) outlet at bottom divides two-way, heat ash (18) is discharged on one tunnel, leading up to U-shaped material returning device (19) and coal dust (20) feed-pipe is connected in the cycling hot ash import of burning in circulating fluid bed boiler room (15), in bottom, burning in circulating fluid bed boiler room (15), air compartment upper end is tiltedly installed with circulating fluidized bed grid distributor (22), the furnace wall side in the Zhui Duan district of distribuor of fluidized bed (22) top of burning in circulating fluid bed boiler room (15) arranges the outlet of high temperature compound, bottom, burning in circulating fluid bed boiler room (15) is provided with the air compartment (23) entered for First air (24), the furnace wall side in burning in circulating fluid bed boiler room (15) Zhui Duan district is also provided with secondary air (21) import.
7. the pyrolytic process device based on the indoor high temperature compound of burning in circulating fluid bed boiler according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterized in that, described circulating fluidized bed grid distributor (22) comprises blast cap (22-1), intake opening (22-2), blast pipe (22-3), wearing layer (22-4), water-cooled tube (22-5) and supporting plate (22-6); Supporting plate (22-6) is provided with wearing layer (22-4), water-cooled tube (22-5) and blast pipe (22-3), blast pipe (22-3) is provided with blast cap (22-1), blast cap (22-1) is provided with intake opening (22-2).
8. the pyrolytic process device based on the indoor high temperature compound of burning in circulating fluid bed boiler according to claim 2 or 6, it is characterized in that, pyrolyzing coal slope pipe (2), pyrolysis char slope pipe (13) and high temperature mixing charge bank pipe (25) include the steel pipe layer (25-1) set gradually from outside to inside, transition layer (25-2), corundum layer (25-3) and wearing layer (25-4).
9. the pyrolytic process device based on the indoor high temperature compound of burning in circulating fluid bed boiler according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterized in that, on the furnace wall side in the Zhui Duan district of described distribuor of fluidized bed (22) top, 0.3 ~ 7 meter of is provided with the outlet of high temperature compound, and the air compartment upper end in burning in circulating fluid bed boiler room (15) tilts 9 ~ 20 degree to be provided with circulating fluidized bed grid distributor (22) to high temperature compound outlet relief outlet.
10. the pyrolytic process device based on the indoor high temperature compound of burning in circulating fluid bed boiler according to claim 9, it is characterized in that, the air compartment upper end in burning in circulating fluid bed boiler room (15) tilts 13 ~ 20 degree to be provided with circulating fluidized bed grid distributor (22) to high temperature compound relief outlet.
CN201520493247.1U 2015-07-09 2015-07-09 Pyrolysis process units based on high temperature mixture in circulating fluidized bed boiler furnace Withdrawn - After Issue CN204824727U (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104962302A (en) * 2015-07-09 2015-10-07 陕西美斯林能源科技研究院 Circulating fluidized bed boiler furnace-based high temperature mixture pyrolytic process and device

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104962302A (en) * 2015-07-09 2015-10-07 陕西美斯林能源科技研究院 Circulating fluidized bed boiler furnace-based high temperature mixture pyrolytic process and device

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