CN204811029U - A induced draft and arrange miscellaneous comminution device for harvester - Google Patents

A induced draft and arrange miscellaneous comminution device for harvester Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN204811029U
CN204811029U CN201520581006.2U CN201520581006U CN204811029U CN 204811029 U CN204811029 U CN 204811029U CN 201520581006 U CN201520581006 U CN 201520581006U CN 204811029 U CN204811029 U CN 204811029U
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
spiral case
cutter shaft
knife
plate
auger
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Withdrawn - After Issue
Application number
CN201520581006.2U
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
葛建华
刘贤淼
纪鸿波
胡金生
俞冬敏
倪健
李光满
黄强强
刘衡
叶俊峰
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
CHANGZHOU DONGFENG AGRICULTURAL MACHINERY GROUP Co Ltd
Original Assignee
CHANGZHOU DONGFENG AGRICULTURAL MACHINERY GROUP Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by CHANGZHOU DONGFENG AGRICULTURAL MACHINERY GROUP Co Ltd filed Critical CHANGZHOU DONGFENG AGRICULTURAL MACHINERY GROUP Co Ltd
Priority to CN201520581006.2U priority Critical patent/CN204811029U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN204811029U publication Critical patent/CN204811029U/en
Withdrawn - After Issue legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Abstract

The utility model relates to an induced draft and arrange miscellaneous comminution device for harvester, including spiral case and arbor subassembly, install the multiunit shim in the spiral case, the multiunit knife section sets up along the axial is crisscross with the multiunit shim, the spiral case is inboard to be connected with the workbin, be equipped with the sieve in the workbin, the workbin that the spiral case inboard was equipped with inlet scoop and sieve lower part communicates with each other, the setting is on bearing installation bearing frame is passed through to the auger both sides on arbor upper portion, the bearing frame is on frame or spiral case, workbin and clutch are worn out to one side of auger, the opposite side of auger is worn out the spiral case and is connected with the action wheel, driving chain or drive belt are installed on action wheel and follower, the follower is installed on the arbor, and has the fender dish that the diameter exceedes the knife section diameter on the arbor, the fender dish is located inlet scoop one side and is equipped with a plurality of ARC blade. The utility model discloses rational in infrastructure, smooth operation can solve and block up or the dead phenomenon of card to can accomplish simultaneously and cut up stem stalk or weeds and clean the seed grain, improve maize picker liter fortune and arrange miscellaneous ability.

Description

A kind of air draught impurities removal shredding mechanism for reaping machine
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of air draught impurities removal shredding mechanism for reaping machine, belongs to agricultural machinery technological field.
Background technology
Adopting reaping machine when harvesting crops, as adopted maize harvesting machine etc., once the multi-mode operations such as field being gone back to disposable harvesting, heap, the cane of completing of one-tenth cooked maize.Cane also field operation time, be that the corn ear taken by ear harvesting bench, disconnected stem stalk and corn leaf of mixing is transported in trash discharging apparatus.And existing trash discharging apparatus is primarily of housing and the cutter shaft component being arranged on housing, and cutter shaft component is by cutter shaft and the many groups knife section be arranged on cutter shaft, being provided with spacer in housing drives the cutter shaft be arranged in housing to make high speed rotary motion by power, leaf etc. of stem stalk and corn being mixed shreds under the effect of blade, discharges finally by lower housing portion impurity discharging port.But impurities removal shredding mechanism is only to by stem stalk or weeds chopping and throwing function, and can not clear up the foreign material in seed.Moreover but along with the raising of operating speed and the passing of harvest time, broken stipe and corn leaf of mixing sharply increases, easily blocking or stuck, cause power consumption large, and increase power consumption, there is wire drawing or segment is different in size, weak effect, fault rate is high, the problem that functional reliability is not high.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of rational in infrastructure, smooth running, can solve and block or stuck phenomenon, and can complete the air draught impurities removal shredding mechanism for reaping machine shredding stem stalk or weeds and clean seed simultaneously.
The utility model is the technical scheme achieved the above object: a kind of air draught impurities removal shredding mechanism for reaping machine, comprise top and be provided with feeding mouth, bottom has the spiral case of discharging opening, in spiral case, cutter shaft component is installed, the many groups of knife sections put the first edge on a knife or a pair of scissors that described cutter shaft component comprises cutter shaft and axially installs along cutter shaft, be provided with in spiral case and organize ledger-plate more, and many group knife sections with organize ledger-plate more and be crisscross arranged vertically, it is characterized in that: be connected with hopper inside described spiral case, sieve plate is provided with in hopper, inlet scoop is provided with inside described spiral case, and inlet scoop communicates with the hopper of sieve plate bottom, be arranged on the auger both sides on cutter shaft top by bearing installation shaft bearing, bearing block in frame or/and on spiral case, the side of auger passes hopper and is connected with clutch, the opposite side of auger passes spiral case and is connected with driving wheel, driving-chain or driving-belt are arranged on driving wheel and follower, follower is arranged on cutter shaft, and cutter shaft has the block plate that diameter exceedes knife section diameter, block plate is positioned at side, inlet scoop and is provided with multiple arc shaped blade.
The utility model is at employing worm frame, and the side that spiral case is positioned at hopper is provided with inlet scoop, therefore the inlet scoop on spiral case can be made to communicate with the sieve plate bottom of hopper, cane is fed in spiral case by auger, active force drives the cutter shaft be arranged in spiral case to make high speed rotary motion by clutch, auger and transmission mechanism, interlocked with stationary knife in rotation by the upper many groups of knife sections put the first edge on a knife or a pair of scissors being arranged on cutter shaft on the one hand, the stem stalk sent here or weeds chopping are dished out.On the other hand cutter shaft is also provided with the block plate that diameter exceedes knife section, therefore by the multiple arc shaped blades on block plate under the drive of cutter shaft, negative pressure and suction is produced in spiral case, by inlet scoop by the foreign material sucking-off in seed in hopper, and discharged by the discharging opening of spiral case bottom, therefore, it is possible to effectively stem stalk or weeds chopping are evenly shed outside, simultaneously can also foreign material in sucking-off seed, improve grain cleaning rate, collection shreds stem stalk or weeds simultaneously and cleans the Multifunctional effect of seed.Auger of the present utility model is directly connected with clutch, anti-reverse can be had when active force is cut off and continue free-wheel, solve the clogging of stem stalk or weeds, and stem stalk remaining in spiral case or weeds chopping can be discharged in time, the seed foreign material be simultaneously sucked in spiral case are also discharged in time, the utility model is according to crop difference adjustment rotating speed and Lysimachia sikokiana direction, reach chopping and throwing even, clean clean, smooth running, fault rate can be reduced, maize harvesting machine elevator impurities removal ability can not only be improved, and also improve the operating efficiency of complete machine, transaction capabilities and functional reliability.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, embodiment of the present utility model is described in further detail.
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of a kind of air draught impurities removal shredding mechanism for reaping machine of the utility model.
Fig. 2 is the A-A sectional structure schematic diagram of Fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is that B after pulling down hopper is to structural representation.
Fig. 4 is the perspective view that the utility model removes hopper.
Fig. 5 is that the C of Fig. 4 is to structural representation.
Fig. 6 is the worm frame schematic diagram that the utility model removes feed hopper.
Wherein: 1-driving wheel, 2-spiral case, 2-1-feed hopper, 2-2-passage, 2-3-inlet scoop, 3-auger, 4-sieve plate, 5-hopper, 6-bearing block, 7-clutch, 8-driving-chain, 9-regulating wheel, 10-tension pulley seat, 11-follower, 12-ledger-plate, 13-stationary knife tool rest, 14-knife section, 15-tool rest, 16-cutter shaft, 17-block plate, 18-arc shaped blade.
Embodiment
See shown in Fig. 1 ~ 6, a kind of air draught impurities removal shredding mechanism for reaping machine of the utility model, comprises the spiral case 2 that top is provided with feeding mouth, bottom has discharging opening, can dish out, realize cane also field by after the stem stalk be fed through in spiral case 2 or weeds chopping.
See shown in Fig. 1 ~ 6, the utility model is provided with cutter shaft component in spiral case 2, the many groups of knife sections put the first edge on a knife or a pair of scissors 14 that cutter shaft component comprises cutter shaft 16 and axially installs along cutter shaft 16, the two ends of cutter shaft 16 are arranged on spiral case 2 by bearing, many group ledger-plates 12 are installed in spiral case 2, and many group knife sections 14 with organize ledger-plate 12 more and be crisscross arranged vertically, ledger-plate 12 end of the present utility model and knife section 14 end are 1 ~ 10mm along the cutter shaft amount of coincidence in the radial direction.The utility model is welded on stationary knife tool rest 13 by organizing ledger-plate 12 more, and stationary knife tool rest 13 is arranged on the opening part of spiral case 2 by securing member, not only make ledger-plate 12 energy easy for installation in spiral case 2, and be convenient to change ledger-plate 12, or ledger-plate 12 is safeguarded.Cutter shaft 16 of the present utility model have many group tool rests 15, many groups tool rest 15 along the circumferential direction decile arrangement, the utility model tool rest 15 is L-shaped, tool rest 15 side is used for knife section 14 and connects, and the flanging on tool rest 15, towards the direction of rotation of cutter shaft 16, both can increase the intensity of tool rest 15, and in rotary course, knife section 14 shred with ledger-plate 12 pairs of stem stalks or weeds, under the wind-force produced and centrifugal action, the cane after shredding or weeds is evenly shed by this flanging.
See shown in Fig. 1 ~ 3, be connected with hopper 5 inside spiral case 2 of the present utility model, and hopper 5 has sieve plate 4, this spiral case 2 top is provided with feed hopper 2-1, feed hopper 2-1 has feeding mouth, the bottom of spiral case 2 is provided with tilting passage 2-2, the bottom of passage 2-2 has discharging opening, the utility model is provided with inlet scoop 2-3 inside spiral case 2, and this inlet scoop 2-3 communicates with the hopper 5 of sieve plate 4 bottom, when cutter shaft 16 high-speed rotation, make to produce wind-force with the arc shaped blade 18 of cutter shaft 16 one, and the foreign material in hopper 5 are sucked in spiral case 2.
See shown in Fig. 1 ~ 4, auger 3 both sides on the utility model cutter shaft 16 top are arranged on bearing block 6 by bearing, this auger 3 is existing feeding screw, diaxon bearing 6 can be arranged in frame, or the bearing block 6 of side is arranged in frame, opposite side is arranged on spiral case 2, by the blade on auger 3, stem stalk or weeds being delivered to spiral case 2 top and be provided with feed hopper 2-1 place, then there is hopper 5 bottom by the sieve plate 4 in hopper 5 in the small powders such as seed.
See shown in Fig. 1 ~ 5, auger 3 side of the present utility model passes hopper 5 and is connected with clutch 7, active force is made to pass on auger 3 by clutch 7 by power, therefore when active force is cut off, prevent the reverse of auger 3 and cutter shaft 16 by clutch 7 and continue free-wheel, there is stable functional reliability.The opposite side of the utility model auger 3 passes spiral case 2 and is connected with by driving wheel 1, and driving-chain 8 or driving-belt are arranged on driving wheel 1 and follower 11, and follower 11 is arranged on cutter shaft 16.See shown in Fig. 1,5, the utility model spiral case 2 is provided with the regulating wheel 9 that can regulate, regulating wheel 9 is arranged in the elongated slot of tension pulley seat 10 by securing member, the position of adjusting tensioning wheel 9, regulating wheel 9 is crimped on driving-chain 8 or driving-belt, makes driving-chain 8 or driving-belt energy reliable delivery power by regulating wheel 9.When power passes on cutter shaft 16 by transmission mechanism, control cutter shaft 16 and rotate and shred stem stalk or weeds.To see shown in figure shown in 1,3 ~ 6, the utility model cutter shaft 16 has the block plate 17 that diameter exceedes knife section 14 diameter, and block plate 17 is positioned at 2-3 side, inlet scoop is provided with multiple arc shaped blade 18, by block plate 17, cutter shaft 16 is divided into independently crushing chamber and air compartment in spiral case 2, when arc shaped blade 18 is with cutter shaft 16 synchronous rotary, negative pressure and suction is produced in the air compartment of spiral case 2, can foreign material lighter in seed in hopper 5 be sucked in spiral case 2, and discharge through the passage 2-2 of spiral case 2, complete chopping stem stalk or weeds and clean the object of seed.
As shown in Figure 6, the utility model each arc shaped blade 18 top also has the baffle plate parallel with block plate 17, when arc shaped blade 18 rotates with cutter shaft 16, increases wind-force further by this baffle plate, is discharged by the foreign material sucked in spiral case 2 from passage 2-2.
See shown in Fig. 1 ~ 6, during utility model works, active force reaches auger 3 through clutch 7, and drive auger 3 to rotate, by the blade on auger 3, stem stalk or weeds are delivered to the feed hopper 2-1 place on spiral case 2 top, power is through driving wheel 1 simultaneously, driving-chain 8 or driving-belt and follower 11 reach on cutter shaft 16, band movable arbor 16 makes high speed rotary motion, many groups on cutter shaft 16 knife sections put the first edge on a knife or a pair of scissors 14 interlock with ledger-plate 12 in rotation, the stem stalk sent here or weeds chopping are dished out, arc shaped blade 18 rotates with cutter shaft 16 simultaneously, negative pressure and suction is produced in spiral case 2, by the inlet scoop 2-3 at spiral case 2 place, foreign material sucking-off relatively light for quality in hopper 5 is entered and discharged, complete chopping stem stalk or weeds and clean seed.The utility model, by clutch 7 energy anti-reverse and continuation free-wheel when active force is cut off, makes remaining stem stalk or weeds chopping discharge and clear up seed foreign material, and adjusts rotating speed and Lysimachia sikokiana direction according to crop difference, reach chopping and throwing even.

Claims (5)

1. the air draught impurities removal shredding mechanism for reaping machine, comprise top and be provided with feeding mouth, bottom has the spiral case (2) of discharging opening, spiral case is provided with cutter shaft component in (2), the many groups of knife sections put the first edge on a knife or a pair of scissors (14) that described cutter shaft component comprises cutter shaft (16) and axially installs along cutter shaft (16), be provided with in spiral case (2) and organize ledger-plate (12) more, and organize knife section (14) more and organize ledger-plate (12) more and be crisscross arranged vertically, it is characterized in that: described spiral case (2) inner side is connected with hopper (5), sieve plate (4) is provided with in hopper (5), described spiral case (2) inner side is provided with inlet scoop (2-3), and inlet scoop (2-3) communicates with the hopper (5) of sieve plate (4) bottom, be arranged on auger (3) both sides on cutter shaft (16) top by bearing installation shaft bearing (6), bearing block (6) in frame or/and on spiral case (2), the side of auger (3) passes hopper (5) and is connected with clutch (7), the opposite side of auger (3) passes spiral case (2) and is connected with driving wheel (1), driving-chain (8) or driving-belt are arranged on driving wheel (1) and follower (11), follower (11) is arranged on cutter shaft (16), and cutter shaft (16) has the block plate (17) that diameter exceedes knife section (14) diameter, block plate (17) is positioned at inlet scoop (2-3) side and is provided with multiple arc shaped blade (18).
2. a kind of air draught impurities removal shredding mechanism for reaping machine according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described each arc shaped blade (18) top also has the baffle plate parallel with block plate (17).
3. a kind of air draught impurities removal shredding mechanism for reaping machine according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described each ledger-plate (12) is welded on stationary knife tool rest (13), and stationary knife tool rest (13) is arranged on spiral case (2) by securing member.
4. a kind of air draught impurities removal shredding mechanism for reaping machine according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described cutter shaft (16) has and organizes tool rest (15) more, described tool rest (15) is L-shaped, tool rest (15) side is used for knife section (14) and connects, and the flanging on tool rest (15) is towards the direction of rotation of cutter shaft (16).
5. a kind of air draught impurities removal shredding mechanism for reaping machine according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described spiral case (2) top is provided with feed hopper (2-1), the bottom of spiral case (2) is provided with tilting passage (2-2), and spiral case (2) is provided with the regulating wheel (9) that can regulate, regulating wheel (9) is arranged on by securing member in the elongated slot of tension pulley seat (10), and regulating wheel (9) is crimped on driving-chain (8) or driving-belt.
CN201520581006.2U 2015-08-04 2015-08-04 A induced draft and arrange miscellaneous comminution device for harvester Withdrawn - After Issue CN204811029U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520581006.2U CN204811029U (en) 2015-08-04 2015-08-04 A induced draft and arrange miscellaneous comminution device for harvester

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520581006.2U CN204811029U (en) 2015-08-04 2015-08-04 A induced draft and arrange miscellaneous comminution device for harvester

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN204811029U true CN204811029U (en) 2015-12-02

Family

ID=54668697

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201520581006.2U Withdrawn - After Issue CN204811029U (en) 2015-08-04 2015-08-04 A induced draft and arrange miscellaneous comminution device for harvester

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN204811029U (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106688437A (en) * 2015-08-04 2017-05-24 常州东风农机集团有限公司 Air-suction impurity-removing chopping device used for harvester

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106688437A (en) * 2015-08-04 2017-05-24 常州东风农机集团有限公司 Air-suction impurity-removing chopping device used for harvester
CN106688437B (en) * 2015-08-04 2019-07-05 常州东风农机集团有限公司 Air draught impurities removal shredding mechanism for cropper

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN109076774A (en) A kind of self-propelled greenfeed harvester
CN106688437B (en) Air draught impurities removal shredding mechanism for cropper
CN109526379A (en) A kind of corncob and stalk corn cropper configuring the bilayer combination ceding of Taiwan
CN103460907B (en) A kind of module combined type multi-functional thrasher
CN205794160U (en) A kind of Double-drum threshing machine
CN204811029U (en) A induced draft and arrange miscellaneous comminution device for harvester
CN209330656U (en) A kind of straw millstone
CN109967191A (en) A kind of agricultural stalk crushing recyclable device
CN104509341B (en) A kind of environmental protection many crops straws chopping and returning thresher
CN101647346A (en) Straw crushing and collecting device of corn harvesting machine
CN111903320A (en) Broken collection device of garrulous seed grain of corn ear
CN201238479Y (en) Apparatus for pulverizing and collecting stalk of corn harvester
CN111788926A (en) Straw harvesting crusher
CN208490233U (en) A kind of straw chopping and returning all-in-one machine
CN110839409A (en) Green pepper threshing and branch crushing device and green pepper threshing method
CN208402534U (en) A kind of broken throwing machine
CN205623312U (en) Novel chaff cutter
CN204377470U (en) A kind of novel environment friendly many crops straws chopping and returning thresher
CN2710347Y (en) Multiuprpose machine for cutting, kneading and grinding greenfeed
CN102498832B (en) Sweet sorghum stalk cutting device
CN103371028A (en) Induced-draft-type impurity discharging device for corn harvester
RU2021686C1 (en) Small-size farmer's shredder-mixer of farm produce
CN202340470U (en) Sweet sorghum stalk cutting device
CN211430126U (en) Green pepper threshing device
CN108076806A (en) A kind of new Green-fodder harvesting machine

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
GR01 Patent grant
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
AV01 Patent right actively abandoned

Granted publication date: 20151202

Effective date of abandoning: 20190705

AV01 Patent right actively abandoned