CN204789302U - Whole carbide tool wearing and tearing state detects anchor clamps - Google Patents

Whole carbide tool wearing and tearing state detects anchor clamps Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204789302U
CN204789302U CN201520523990.7U CN201520523990U CN204789302U CN 204789302 U CN204789302 U CN 204789302U CN 201520523990 U CN201520523990 U CN 201520523990U CN 204789302 U CN204789302 U CN 204789302U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
slide unit
cutter
column
horizontal slide
wear
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Withdrawn - After Issue
Application number
CN201520523990.7U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
汤翔
吴大东
温佐斌
李文彬
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Chengdu Jiaoda Puer Industrial Co Ltd
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Chengdu Jiaoda Puer Industrial Co Ltd
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Filing date
Publication date
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Priority to CN201520523990.7U priority Critical patent/CN204789302U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN204789302U publication Critical patent/CN204789302U/en
Withdrawn - After Issue legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The utility model provides a whole carbide tool wearing and tearing state detects anchor clamps, includes cutter unable adjustment base, moving platform and micro - adjusting device, be provided with cutter constant head tank and horizontal slide rail on the cutter unable adjustment base, on moving platform installed the horizontal slide rail on cutter unable adjustment base, micro - adjusting device set up on moving platform. Place whole carbide tool's handle of a knife in cutter unable adjustment base's constant head tank, vertical slip table and the microscopical horizontal position of horizontal slip table adjustment through adjustment moving platform, through the outer column that moves micro - adjusting device on moving platform's inner column, adjust microscopical high position, raise the microscope angle at micro - adjusting device. These anchor clamps can detect the wearing and tearing state of cutter comprehensively, and easy operation is swift, and accurate positioning adjustment finds optimum detection position, reach the best effect of shooing to can improve detection efficiency.

Description

Solid carbide state of wear detects fixture
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of fixture detected for solid carbide state of wear, can the state of wear of complete detection cutter, belongs to carbide-tipped tool abrasion detection technical field.
Background technology
In mechanical processing process, the wearing and tearing of cutter will cause the precision of workpiece and roughness to be deteriorated, and even cause the fault such as damage, lathe shutdown of the scrapping of workpiece, equipment, directly affect the precision of machining, efficiency and economic benefit.In production engineering, the equipment failure of more than 75% causes due to tool failure according to statistics, therefore carries out on-line monitoring to cutting tool state and seems particularly important.Along with the raising of production automation degree, people more and more pay attention to the on-line monitoring to process.
Nowadays, in China's cuter wear detector device, what be most widely used is portable digital microscopes, and this microscope is compared with traditional large-scale desk-top microscope, and maximum advantage is small and exquisite portable, can detect product anywhere or anytime.
Current cuter wear detector device needs manually to hold microscope camera or microscope, near cutter, cutter service condition is filmed, there is potential safety hazard, measure main employing manually to complete, but there is following shortcoming in the method: each measurement needs artificial close cutter shooting to measure, complex operation, inefficiency, time cost is high; There is gap in shooting angle when each shooting is measured, distance, result affects by subjective factor, and error is large.
Therefore, devise a kind of solid carbide state of wear and detect fixture to ensure the reliability of measurement result and to improve measurement efficiency.
Summary of the invention
The deficiencies such as the complex operation existed for existing tool wear monitoring technology, efficiency is low, measure shooting angle and distance error is large, the utility model devises a kind of solid carbide state of wear that is convenient and swift, that accurately can adjust location and detects fixture, this fixture can realize in the process of digital control processing, and convenient and efficient measures the state of wear of cutter rake face, rear knife face, corner radius parameters.
Solid carbide state of wear of the present utility model detects fixture, is achieved through the following technical solutions:
This detection fixture, comprises cutter firm banking, mobile platform and micro-adjusting gear; Cutter firm banking is provided with cutter positioning groove and horizontal slide rail, mobile platform is arranged on the horizontal slide rail on cutter firm banking, and micro-adjusting gear is arranged on a mobile platform.
Described horizontal slide rail is provided with horizontal ruler, to observe the displacement of longitudinal slide unit on mobile platform.
Described mobile platform comprises horizontal slide unit, longitudinal slide unit, longitudinal moving mechanism and inner column, horizontal slide unit is arranged on the horizontal slide rail of cutter firm banking, longitudinal slide unit to be arranged on horizontal slide unit and to be connected with the longitudinal moving mechanism being arranged at horizontal slide unit, and longitudinal slide unit is provided with inner column.
Longitudinal moving mechanism is spiral travel mechanism, is to arrange screw rod holder on horizontal slide unit, and longitudinal slide unit arranges nut, screw rod holder is installed with screw rod, screw rod is connected by nut with longitudinal slide unit.
Horizontal slide unit is provided with longitudinal rule, to observe the displacement of longitudinal slide unit.
Inner column is marked with scale value, moves up and down distance with what observe micro-adjusting gear.
Described micro-adjusting gear, comprise outer column, rocking arm, microscope and geometrical clamp, outer column is sleeved on the inner column of mobile platform, and one end of rocking arm is connected with outer column by connecting link; the other end of rocking arm is provided with geometrical clamp by coupling shaft, and microscope is clamped in geometrical clamp.
The outer end of connecting link and coupling shaft is provided with index dial, to read out rocking arm and microscopical rotational angle easily.
During above-mentioned fixture application, the handle of a knife of solid carbide is placed in the locating slot of cutter firm banking; Microscopical horizontal level is adjusted by the longitudinal slide unit and horizontal slide unit that adjust mobile platform; By the outer column of micro-adjusting gear mobile on the inner column of mobile platform, adjust microscopical height and position; Micro-adjusting gear adjusts microscope angle.Make microscope be in measuring position accurately like this, observation is carried out to the state of wear of cutter and detects.
The utility model can the state of wear of complete detection cutter, comprises rake face, rear knife face, corner radius parameters.Simple and quick, and transverse direction, longitudinal direction, height all directions and the microscopical detection position of multiple degrees of freedom rotation adjustment can be realized, accurately adjust location, find most suitable detection position, reach best shooting effect, and can detection efficiency be improved.Overcome artificial hand-held microscope work in existing measuring technique loaded down with trivial details, inefficiency, measurement shooting angle, the deficiency that distance error is large.By recording transverse direction, longitudinal direction and the numerical value of height different directions scale and the different rotary angle of index dial, recording the optimum detection position angle of different cutter, detecting to reach the object that fixture can be suitable for dissimilar cutting-tool wear state detection.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the one-piece construction schematic diagram that the utility model carbide-tipped tool state of wear detects fixture.
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of cutter firm banking in the utility model.
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of moving platform device in the utility model.
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of micro-adjusting gear in the utility model.
In figure: 1, cutter firm banking, 2, horizontal slide rail, 3, longitudinal slide unit, 4, rotary screw, 5, screw rod holder, 6, horizontal slide unit, 7, slide block, 8, rocking arm, the 9, first index dial, 10, connecting link, 11, the second index dial, 12, horizontal rule, 13, longitudinal rule, 14, microscope, 15, locating slot, 16, solid carbide, 17, outer column, 18, inner column, 19, geometrical clamp.
Embodiment
As shown in Figure 1, solid carbide state of wear of the present utility model detects fixture, comprises cutter firm banking 1, mobile platform and micro-adjusting gear.
The structure of cutter firm banking 1, see Fig. 2, is provided with cutter positioning groove 15 and slide rail pickup groove.Locating slot 15 can play the effect of fixing solid carbide 16, when needing to detect cutting-tool wear state in the process of digital control processing, solid carbide 16 is together taken off together with handle of a knife, directly handle of a knife is placed in locating slot 15, by the fixing lug boss on it, cutter positioning is placed.Horizontal slide rail 2 is installed in slide rail pickup groove, horizontal slide rail 2 is provided with horizontal ruler 12.Horizontal slide rail 2 installs mobile platform.Horizontal ruler 12 can in record move platform horizontal sliding table 6 move horizontally distance.
The structure of mobile platform, see Fig. 3, comprises horizontal slide unit 6, longitudinal slide unit 3, longitudinal moving mechanism and inner column 18.Horizontal slide unit 6 is arranged on horizontal slide rail 2 by slide block 7, and horizontal slide unit 6 can move in horizontal slide rail 2, and the transverse horizontal realizing mobile platform moves.Horizontal slide unit 6 is provided with longitudinal rule 13, to observe the displacement of longitudinal slide unit 3.Longitudinal slide unit 3 is by guide rails assembling on horizontal slide unit 6, and longitudinal slide unit 3 is connected with the longitudinal moving mechanism being arranged at horizontal slide unit 6.This longitudinal moving mechanism is spiral travel mechanism, and horizontal slide unit 6 arranges screw rod holder 5, longitudinal slide unit 3 is provided with nut, screw rod holder 5 is installed with screw rod 4, and screw rod 4 is connected by nut with longitudinal slide unit 3.The front and back that rotary screw 4 realizes longitudinal slide unit 3 vertically move.In longitudinal slide unit 3 moving process, by reading its displacement of registration record of longitudinal rule 13.Longitudinal slide unit 3 is provided with inner column 18, and inner column 18 is marked with scale value.
The structure of micro-adjusting gear, see Fig. 4, comprises outer column 17, index dial 19, connecting link 10, rocking arm 8, index dial 2, microscope 14, microscope geometrical clamp 19.Outer column 17 is sleeved on the inner column 18 of mobile platform, outer column 17 is provided with the dead slot that the scale value on inner column 18 is exposed.Outer column 17 can move up and down adjustment along inner column 18, and the scale value on inner column 18 plays the effect that record moves up and down distance.One end of rocking arm 8 is connected with outer column 17 by connecting link 10, and the outer end of connecting link 10 is provided with the first index dial 9, shakes arm 8, can be read out the rotational angle of rocking arm 8 by the first index dial 9 easily in the process transfer of adjustment microscope 14.The other end of rocking arm 8 is provided with geometrical clamp 19 by coupling shaft, and microscope 14 is clamped in geometrical clamp 19.Fix the second index dial 11 in the outer end of coupling shaft, in the process of fine setting microscope 14, record vernier angle.
Above-mentioned detection fixture, by closely cooperating of each parts, realizes in the process of digital control processing, and convenient and efficient measures the state of wear of cutter rake face, rear knife face, corner radius parameters; By recording longitudinal, horizontal, the upper and lower numerical value of scale different directions and the different rotary angle of index dial, recording the optimum detection position angle of different cutter, detecting dissimilar cutting-tool wear state.

Claims (8)

1. solid carbide state of wear detects a fixture, it is characterized in that, comprises cutter firm banking, mobile platform and micro-adjusting gear; Cutter firm banking is provided with cutter positioning groove and horizontal slide rail, mobile platform is arranged on the horizontal slide rail on cutter firm banking, and micro-adjusting gear is arranged on a mobile platform.
2. solid carbide state of wear according to claim 1 detects fixture, it is characterized in that, described horizontal slide rail is provided with horizontal ruler.
3. solid carbide state of wear according to claim 1 detects fixture, it is characterized in that, described mobile platform comprises horizontal slide unit, longitudinal slide unit, longitudinal moving mechanism and inner column, horizontal slide unit is arranged on the horizontal slide rail of cutter firm banking, longitudinal slide unit to be arranged on horizontal slide unit and to be connected with the longitudinal moving mechanism being arranged at horizontal slide unit, and longitudinal slide unit is provided with inner column.
4. solid carbide state of wear according to claim 3 detects fixture, it is characterized in that, described longitudinal moving mechanism is spiral travel mechanism, that screw rod holder is set on horizontal slide unit, longitudinal slide unit arranges nut, screw rod holder is installed with screw rod, and screw rod is connected by nut with longitudinal slide unit.
5. solid carbide state of wear according to claim 3 detects fixture, it is characterized in that, described horizontal slide unit is provided with longitudinal rule.
6. solid carbide state of wear according to claim 3 detects fixture, and it is characterized in that, described inner column is marked with scale value.
7. solid carbide state of wear according to claim 1 detects fixture, it is characterized in that, described micro-adjusting gear comprises outer column, rocking arm, microscope and geometrical clamp, outer column is sleeved on the inner column of mobile platform; one end of rocking arm is connected with outer column by connecting link; the other end of rocking arm is provided with geometrical clamp by coupling shaft, and microscope is clamped in geometrical clamp.
8. solid carbide state of wear according to claim 7 detects fixture, and it is characterized in that, the outer end of described connecting link and coupling shaft is provided with index dial.
CN201520523990.7U 2015-07-20 2015-07-20 Whole carbide tool wearing and tearing state detects anchor clamps Withdrawn - After Issue CN204789302U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520523990.7U CN204789302U (en) 2015-07-20 2015-07-20 Whole carbide tool wearing and tearing state detects anchor clamps

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520523990.7U CN204789302U (en) 2015-07-20 2015-07-20 Whole carbide tool wearing and tearing state detects anchor clamps

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN204789302U true CN204789302U (en) 2015-11-18

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Family Applications (1)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105021525A (en) * 2015-07-20 2015-11-04 成都交大普尔实业有限公司 Solid carbide cutter wearing state detection clamp
CN108436855A (en) * 2018-03-13 2018-08-24 哈尔滨理工大学 A kind of rose cutter tool wear monitoring fixture
CN109946152A (en) * 2019-04-29 2019-06-28 大连理工大学 A kind of tool in cutting sword abrasion detection fixture
CN110375972A (en) * 2019-07-15 2019-10-25 南京理工大学 A kind of straight path lift rose cutter tool wear measured material

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105021525A (en) * 2015-07-20 2015-11-04 成都交大普尔实业有限公司 Solid carbide cutter wearing state detection clamp
CN105021525B (en) * 2015-07-20 2018-07-03 成都交大普尔实业有限公司 Solid carbide state of wear detects fixture
CN108436855A (en) * 2018-03-13 2018-08-24 哈尔滨理工大学 A kind of rose cutter tool wear monitoring fixture
CN109946152A (en) * 2019-04-29 2019-06-28 大连理工大学 A kind of tool in cutting sword abrasion detection fixture
CN109946152B (en) * 2019-04-29 2020-04-07 大连理工大学 Cutter cutting edge abrasion detection clamp
CN110375972A (en) * 2019-07-15 2019-10-25 南京理工大学 A kind of straight path lift rose cutter tool wear measured material

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
AV01 Patent right actively abandoned

Granted publication date: 20151118

Effective date of abandoning: 20180703

AV01 Patent right actively abandoned