CN204786432U - Novel waste incinerator - Google Patents

Novel waste incinerator Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204786432U
CN204786432U CN201520468116.8U CN201520468116U CN204786432U CN 204786432 U CN204786432 U CN 204786432U CN 201520468116 U CN201520468116 U CN 201520468116U CN 204786432 U CN204786432 U CN 204786432U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
heater
slag
pay
flue
rubbish
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201520468116.8U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
凌宝杰
王玲
程学友
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
ANHUI ANQING WANQING ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
Original Assignee
ANHUI ANQING WANQING ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201520468116.8U priority Critical patent/CN204786432U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN204786432U publication Critical patent/CN204786432U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
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Abstract

The utility model relates to a waste incinerator technical field, the novel waste incinerator that specifically says so, including furnace body, material feeding unit, row's sediment device, rubbish sorting device, forced draught blower, flue, chimney and rubbish conveyor, material feeding unit be located the right side of furnace body, row's sediment unit bit in the bottom of furnace body, rubbish sorting device be located the material feeding unit right side, be provided with rubbish conveyor between rubbish sorting device and the material feeding unit, the end of forced draught blower export be located inside the furnace body to be located the material feeding unit below, the flue connect furnace body top and material feeding unit, the chimney be connected with material feeding unit. The utility model discloses can fully burn rubbish, can carry out the dust fall and carry out postcombustion to the incomplete combustion thing in the flue gas, can effectively reduce harmful substance's such as dioxin emission, calorific loss when closed row's sediment device can reduce row sediment, improving energy efficiency.

Description

A kind of refuse incinerator
Technical field
The utility model relates to incinerator technical field, is a kind of refuse incinerator specifically.
Background technology
Along with the development of economy and the quickening of urbanization, the quantity that annual domestic waste produces is multiplied.The traditional approach of garbage disposal builds refuse landfill, and rubbish is carried out landfill.There is many drawbacks in this mode, first is exactly take a large amount of soil to build landfill yard, and soil is non-renewable resource, and land resource is pretty nervous; Second, after the material such as large amount of organic and battery enters landfill yard, its poisonous percolate produced will bring severe contamination to soil and groundwater, consider from the angle of environmental protection, must set up that percolate from garbage filling field is impermeable, collection processing system implementing, this difficulty that will develop skill, also increases investment, landfill complicated operation simultaneously, manage also very difficult, in addition, the waste gas such as methane, hydrogen sulfide of landfill yard also must be handled well, to guarantee explosion-proof and environmental requirement; Its three, a large amount of dumping is in landfill yard, and wherein contained matter and energy cannot be utilized, and according to the viewpoint of recycling economy, this is also a kind of wasting of resources.Because landfill has drawback like this, seldom adopt in this simple process mode of developed country at present.
Compared with landfill disposal, waste incineration is a kind of processing method preferably.By burning, not only the volume of rubbish reduces greatly, and after conventional rubbish burns, volume can reduce 80%, and the heat generating that burning can be utilized to produce, heat supply, reach the object of energy regenerating, the lime-ash after burning can brickmaking, turns waste into wealth.Component of refuse is complicated, and wherein various combustible has different density, shape, chemical property, catches fire and combustion characteristics, makes them in incinerator, present different burning velocities and tail-off time, is thus difficult to control combustion process and ensures sufficient combustion.Existing incinerator incineration firing often insufficient, over-emitting black exhaust, not only wastes the energy but also pollute air.At present, a kind of desirable incinerator is not also had.
Summary of the invention
In order to make up the deficiencies in the prior art, the utility model provides a kind of refuse incinerator, can by rubbish Thorough combustion, can depositing dust be carried out to flue gas and second-time burning be carried out to the imperfect combustion thing in flue gas, effectively can reduce the discharge of the harmful substances such as bioxin, enclosed slag-draining device can reduce thermal loss during deslagging, improves energy utilization rate.
The utility model solves the technical scheme that its technical problem adopts: a kind of refuse incinerator, comprise body of heater, pay-off, slag-draining device, garbage sorting device, pressure fan, flue, chimney and waste conveyor, described pay-off is positioned at the right side of body of heater, described slag-draining device is positioned at the bottom of body of heater, the bottom of body of heater is back taper, bottom of furnace body is provided with slag-drip opening, slag is got rid of along the furnace bottom of back taper from slag-drip opening, the furnace bottom of back taper can prevent slag from depositing in stove, described garbage sorting device is positioned on the right side of pay-off, waste conveyor is provided with between garbage sorting device and pay-off, combustiblerefuse and non-combustible waste are classified by garbage sorting device, the combustiblerefuse sorted is sent in pay-off by waste conveyor, described pressure fan is positioned at below body of heater, the end of pressure fan outlet is positioned at furnace interior, and be positioned at below pay-off, blower-use is in providing oxygen in body of heater, rubbish on pay-off can be blown afloat under the end that pressure fan exports is positioned at pay-off, enable rubbish Thorough combustion, the end of pressure fan outlet is only positioned at one section of incineration firing region on pay-off, can not by flame blow-off, described flue one end is connected with the exhaust opening at body of heater top, and the other end of flue is connected with the left end of pay-off, and the flue gas after burning enters in pay-off along pipeline, one end of described chimney is connected with the right-hand member of pay-off, the other end of chimney passes in air, chimney is provided with smoking fan, flue gas passes pay-off and enters chimney, finally enter in air, smoking fan can make chimney inside form negative pressure, to guide flue gas to enter smoothly in chimney, can prevent flue gas from entering in body of heater.
Described pay-off comprises seal box, be arranged on the feeding chain row of seal box inside and drive the reducing motor of feeding chain row, the left side of described seal box is connected with the inside of body of heater, the lower left of seal box is provided with into mouth, enter mouth to be connected with flue, the upper right side of seal box is provided with outlet flue, and outlet flue is connected with chimney, the right side of seal box is provided with garbage inlet, and waste conveyor is positioned at the top of garbage inlet; Described feeding chain is arranged one end and is positioned at furnace interior, and the other end is positioned at immediately below garbage inlet, and feeding chain row is provided with rake teeth, and solid garbage can fix on feeding chain row by rake teeth, prevents rubbish blanking difficulty; Described reducing motor is fixed on the outside of seal box; Pay-off can make rubbish uniform feeding, prevent sanitary fill from causing burning insufficient, pay-off can carry out depositing dust to flue gas simultaneously, the rubbish of flue gas in seal box, solid particulate matter in flue gas is stopped by rubbish, solid particulate matter enters in body of heater with rubbish and carries out second-time burning, and the flue gas with uniform temperature can carry out drying to rubbish.
Described slag-draining device comprises housing, auger, drive motors and the car that gathers materials, described housing upper right side is provided with slag inlet, slag inlet is connected with the slag-drip opening of bottom of furnace body, and the lower left of housing is provided with slag notch, and described gathers materials parking stall immediately below slag notch; Described auger is positioned at enclosure interior, and one end of auger is connected with drive motors; Slag-draining device is for getting rid of slag, and slag need not all be got rid of, and residual slag can play sealing thermal insulation to the bottom of body of heater.
Described furnace interior is provided with annular thermal-collecting tube, and the bottom of annular thermal-collecting tube is provided with water inlet, and the top of annular thermal-collecting tube is provided with outlet pipe, and the hot water in annular thermal-collecting tube may be used for publilc baths bathing, may be used for heating, may be used for generating etc.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are:
1. a kind of refuse incinerator of providing of the utility model, described feeding chain row 22 can make rubbish uniform feeding, prevent sanitary fill, be conducive to the Thorough combustion of rubbish, solid garbage can fix on feeding chain row 22 by the rake teeth 221 that feeding chain row 22 is arranged, and solves the problem of rubbish blanking difficulty;
2. a kind of refuse incinerator of providing of the utility model, the pay-off 2 told can carry out depositing dust to flue gas, the rubbish of flue gas in seal box 21, solid particulate matter in flue gas is stopped by rubbish, solid particulate matter enters in body of heater with rubbish and carries out second-time burning, and the flue gas with uniform temperature can carry out drying to rubbish, is conducive to the burning of rubbish.
3. a kind of refuse incinerator of providing of the utility model, described pressure fan 5 end is positioned at pay-off and the rubbish on pay-off 2 can be blown afloat for 2 times, enable rubbish Thorough combustion, the end that pressure fan 5 exports only is positioned at one section of incineration firing region on pay-off 2, can not by flame blow-off;
4. a kind of refuse incinerator of providing of the utility model, described slag-draining device 3 is for getting rid of slag, and slag need not all be got rid of, and residual slag can play sealing thermal insulation to the bottom of body of heater 1, reduces thermal loss.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments, the utility model is further illustrated.
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of a kind of refuse incinerator of the present utility model.
In figure: body of heater 1, slag-drip opening 11, exhaust opening 12, pay-off 2, seal box 21, enter mouth 211, outlet flue 212, garbage inlet 213, feeding chain row 22, rake teeth 221, reducing motor 23, slag-draining device 3, housing 31, slag inlet 311, slag notch 312, auger 32, drive motors 33, the car 34 that gathers materials, garbage sorting device 4, pressure fan 5, flue 6, chimney 7, smoking fan 71, waste conveyor 8, annular thermal-collecting tube 9, water inlet 91, outlet pipe 92.
Detailed description of the invention
The technological means realized to make the utility model, creation characteristic, reaching object and effect is easy to understand, below in conjunction with concrete diagram, setting forth the utility model further.
As shown in Figure 1, a kind of refuse incinerator described in the utility model, comprise body of heater 1, pay-off 2, slag-draining device 3, garbage sorting device 4, pressure fan 5, flue 6, chimney 7 and waste conveyor 8, described pay-off 2 is positioned at the right side of body of heater 1, described slag-draining device 3 is positioned at the bottom of body of heater 1, the bottom of body of heater 1 is back taper, slag-drip opening 11 is provided with bottom body of heater 1, slag is got rid of along the furnace bottom of back taper from slag-drip opening 11, the furnace bottom of back taper can prevent slag from depositing in stove, described garbage sorting device 4 is positioned on the right side of pay-off 2, waste conveyor 8 is provided with between garbage sorting device 4 and pay-off 2, combustiblerefuse and non-combustible waste are classified by garbage sorting device 4, the combustiblerefuse sorted is sent in pay-off 2 by waste conveyor 8, described pressure fan 5 is positioned at below body of heater 1, it is inner that the end that pressure fan 5 exports is positioned at body of heater 1, and be positioned at below pay-off 2, pressure fan 5 for providing oxygen in body of heater 1, the end that pressure fan 5 exports is positioned at pay-off and the rubbish on pay-off 2 can be blown afloat for 2 times, enable rubbish Thorough combustion, the end that pressure fan 5 exports only is positioned at one section of incineration firing region on pay-off 2, can not by flame blow-off, described flue 6 one end is connected with the exhaust opening 12 at body of heater 1 top, and the other end of flue 6 is connected with the left end of pay-off 2, and the flue gas after burning enters in pay-off 2 along pipeline, one end of described chimney 7 is connected with the right-hand member of pay-off 2, the other end of chimney 7 passes in air, chimney 7 is provided with smoking fan 71, flue gas passes pay-off 2 and enters chimney 7, finally enter in air, smoking fan 71 can make chimney 7 inside form negative pressure, to guide flue gas to enter in chimney 7 smoothly, can prevent flue gas from entering in body of heater 1.
Described pay-off 2 comprises seal box 21, be arranged on the feeding chain row 22 of seal box 21 inside and drive the reducing motor 23 of feeding chain row 22, the left side of described seal box 21 is connected with the inside of body of heater 1, the lower left of seal box 21 is provided with into mouth 211, enter mouth 211 to be connected with flue 6, the upper right side of seal box 21 is provided with outlet flue 212, outlet flue 212 is connected with chimney 7, the right side of seal box 21 is provided with garbage inlet 213, and waste conveyor 8 is positioned at the top of garbage inlet 213; Described feeding chain is arranged 22 one end and is positioned at body of heater 1 inside, and the other end is positioned at immediately below garbage inlet 213, and feeding chain row 22 is provided with rake teeth 221, and solid garbage can fix on feeding chain row 22 by rake teeth 221, prevents rubbish blanking difficulty; Described reducing motor 23 is fixed on the outside of seal box 21; Pay-off 2 can make rubbish uniform feeding, prevent sanitary fill from causing burning insufficient, pay-off 2 can carry out depositing dust to flue gas simultaneously, the rubbish of flue gas in seal box 21, solid particulate matter in flue gas is stopped by rubbish, solid particulate matter enters in body of heater 1 with rubbish and carries out second-time burning, and the flue gas with uniform temperature can carry out drying to rubbish.
Described slag-draining device 3 comprises housing 31, auger 32, drive motors 33 and the car 34 that gathers materials, described housing 31 upper right side is provided with slag inlet 311, slag inlet 311 is connected with the slag-drip opening 11 bottom body of heater 1, the lower left of housing 31 is provided with slag notch 312, and the described car 34 that gathers materials is positioned at immediately below slag notch 312; It is inner that described auger 32 is positioned at housing 31, and one end of auger 32 is connected with drive motors 33; Slag-draining device 3 is for getting rid of slag, and slag need not all be got rid of, and residual slag can play sealing thermal insulation to the bottom of body of heater 1.
Described body of heater 1 inside is provided with annular thermal-collecting tube 9, the bottom of annular thermal-collecting tube 9 is provided with water inlet 91, and the top of annular thermal-collecting tube 9 is provided with outlet pipe 92, and the hot water in annular thermal-collecting tube 9 may be used for publilc baths bathing, may be used for heating, may be used for generating etc.
More than show and describe general principle of the present utility model, principal character and advantage.The technical staff of the industry should understand; the utility model is not restricted to the described embodiments; description in above-described embodiment and description principle of the present utility model is just described; under the prerequisite not departing from the utility model spirit and scope; the utility model also has various changes and modifications, and these changes and improvements all fall within the scope of claimed the utility model.The claimed scope of the utility model is defined by appending claims and equivalent thereof.

Claims (4)

1. a refuse incinerator, comprise body of heater (1), pay-off (2), slag-draining device (3), garbage sorting device (4), pressure fan (5), flue (6), chimney (7) and waste conveyor (8), it is characterized in that: described pay-off (2) is positioned at the right side of body of heater (1), described slag-draining device (3) is positioned at the bottom of body of heater (1), the bottom of body of heater (1) is back taper, body of heater (1) bottom is provided with slag-drip opening (11), described garbage sorting device (4) is positioned at pay-off (2) right side, waste conveyor (8) is provided with between garbage sorting device (4) and pay-off (2), described pressure fan (5) is positioned at body of heater (1) below, it is inner that the end that pressure fan (5) exports is positioned at body of heater (1), and be positioned at pay-off (2) below, described flue (6) one end is connected with the exhaust opening (12) at body of heater (1) top, the other end of flue (6) is connected with the left end of pay-off (2), one end of described chimney (7) is connected with the right-hand member of pay-off (2), and the other end of chimney (7) passes in air, chimney (7) is provided with smoking fan (71).
2. a kind of refuse incinerator according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described pay-off (2) comprises seal box (21), be arranged on inner feeding chain row (22) of seal box (21) and drive feeding chain to arrange the reducing motor (23) of (22), the left side of described seal box (21) is connected with the inside of body of heater (1), the lower left of seal box (21) is provided with into mouth (211), enter mouth (211) to be connected with flue (6), the upper right side of seal box (21) is provided with outlet flue (212), outlet flue (212) is connected with chimney (7), the right side of seal box (21) is provided with garbage inlet (213), it is inner that described feeding chain row (22) one end is positioned at body of heater (1), and the other end is positioned at immediately below garbage inlet (213), and feeding chain row (22) is provided with rake teeth (221), described reducing motor (23) is fixed on the outside of seal box (21).
3. a kind of refuse incinerator according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described slag-draining device (3) comprises housing (31), auger (32), drive motors (33) and the car that gathers materials (34), described housing (31) upper right side is provided with slag inlet (311), slag inlet (311) is connected with the slag-drip opening (11) of body of heater (1) bottom, the lower left of housing (31) is provided with slag notch (312), and the described car that gathers materials (34) is positioned at immediately below slag notch (312); It is inner that described auger (32) is positioned at housing (31), and one end of auger (32) is connected with drive motors (33).
4. a kind of refuse incinerator according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described body of heater (1) inside is provided with annular thermal-collecting tube (9), the bottom of annular thermal-collecting tube (9) is provided with water inlet (91), and the top of annular thermal-collecting tube (9) is provided with outlet pipe (92).
CN201520468116.8U 2015-06-29 2015-06-29 Novel waste incinerator Expired - Fee Related CN204786432U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520468116.8U CN204786432U (en) 2015-06-29 2015-06-29 Novel waste incinerator

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520468116.8U CN204786432U (en) 2015-06-29 2015-06-29 Novel waste incinerator

Publications (1)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104913314A (en) * 2015-06-29 2015-09-16 安徽省安庆市皖清环保科技有限公司 Novel garbage incinerator

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104913314A (en) * 2015-06-29 2015-09-16 安徽省安庆市皖清环保科技有限公司 Novel garbage incinerator

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GR01 Patent grant
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20151118

Termination date: 20160629

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee