CN204779490U - Polymorphic type oil mixes useless mineral oil and filters edulcoration system - Google Patents

Polymorphic type oil mixes useless mineral oil and filters edulcoration system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204779490U
CN204779490U CN201520436612.5U CN201520436612U CN204779490U CN 204779490 U CN204779490 U CN 204779490U CN 201520436612 U CN201520436612 U CN 201520436612U CN 204779490 U CN204779490 U CN 204779490U
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high speed
rear end
speed centrifugation
sedimentation
division box
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CN201520436612.5U
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王治军
韦立宁
欧阳俊治
李红玲
吴晓冬
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Huizhou TCL Environment Technology Co Ltd
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Huizhou TCL Environment Technology Co Ltd
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a polymorphic type oil mixes useless mineral oil and filters edulcoration system, include that front end preprocessing device, high speed centrifugation separator, middle section swash plate subside the device, division box etc. Is subsided to the rear end, front end preprocessing device subsides device parallel connection through bottom discharge port and high speed centrifugation separator, middle section swash plate, high speed centrifugation separator subsides the device with the middle section swash plate and is connected, the middle section swash plate subsides the device and subsides the division box intercommunication with the rear end, and its bottom discharge port is connected with the sludge pump, the rear end is subsided division box bottom discharge port and is connected with the sludge pump, the sludge pump is connected with high speed centrifugation separator. The utility model has the advantages that the whole structure is simple it is single, the flexible operation, degree of automation is high, and treatment cost is low, easily realizes the industrialization, possessing edulcoration abilities such as filtration, sediment, centrifugation, can being applied to the useless mineral oil of the complicated mix of impurity situation, application scope is wide, and removal impurity efficiency is high, and the clearance can reach 98%.

Description

A kind of polymorphic type oil product mixing waste mineral oil filtering and impurity removing system
Technical field
The utility model relates to waste mineral oil recovery and reusing and recycling technical field, is specifically related to the filtering and impurity removing system of waste oil before a kind of polymorphic type oil product mixing waste mineral oil Atmospheric vacuum deep regenerative.
Background technology
Mineral oil is widely used in the m of e processes such as machinery, power, transport, and the production management process such as industrial and mining enterprises.Mineral oil use procedure mineral oil by high temperature oxidation, tramp material, water suction, thermolysis, etc. factor affect, be mixed into the components such as moisture, metal filings, dust, greasy filth, gravel, additive, residue pitch and mechanical impurity and lose original physical and chemical performance, form waste mineral oil.And waste mineral oil is at cleaning, the also frequent impurity such as tramp m. chip, cloth waste sheet, broken poly-bag in shipment.Mineral waste well cuts class generally only accounts for about 20% ~ 30%.
Waste mineral oil regeneration has been trend of the times, and avoid improper disposal such as arbitrarily toppling over, can ensure ecological environment security, Reclaimed Base Oil etc. modulate oil products again, can alleviate fossil energy crisis, have good economy, society, environment compatibility.At present, waste mineral oil renovation process is numerous, comprises pickling distillation, distillation hydrogenation and membrane sepn etc., but no matter is which kind of method, all need to carry out removal of impurities process to waste mineral oil.Waste mineral oil removal of impurities is vital first link before its regeneration, and useless well cuts class undesirable components can be avoided to cause line clogging in regenerative process, equipment failure, catalyst deactivation, and regeneration oil quality is too low waits impact.But, currently relate to the certain defect of the filtering and impurity removing mechanized equipment ubiquity before waste mineral oil reclaiming, especially cannot be applicable to be mixed with waste hydraulic oil, used oil, waste lubricating oil, waste diesel, the useless multiple waste mineral oil from all trades and professions of gear wet goods.Because mixing the waste mineral oil impurity complex of oil products, result in the single knot screen for a certain type waste oil product, cannot efficient impurity removal comprehensively.As electrostatic adhesion class device, low to low electric charge removal of impurity, weak effect; Natural subsidence of heating class device, length consuming time, efficiency is low; Centrifugation class device, not easily separating high-viscosity class waste oil product.
Utility model content
For foregoing, the purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of for the depth type filtration removal of impurities mechanism before the waste mineral oil regeneration of polymorphic type oil product mixing, realizes the high efficiency separation of useless well cuts class undesirable components and basic oils ideal composition.
The technical solution of the utility model is as follows: a kind of waste mineral oil filtering and impurity removing mechanical system of polymorphic type oil product mixing, comprises front end pretreatment unit, high speed centrifugation tripping device, stage casing inclined plate sedimentation device, rear end sedimentation division box etc.; Described front end pretreatment unit is equipped with high speed agitator, gross porosity filtering net, cycle bleeder mouth, recycle pump and dispenser, and bottom drain is connected with high speed centrifugation tripping device, stage casing inclined plate sedimentation device respectively through pipeline; Described high speed centrifugation tripping device is connected with stage casing inclined plate sedimentation device through pipeline; The swash plate angle of inclination of described stage casing inclined plate sedimentation device is 60 °, and device is communicated with rear end sedimentation division box, and connected surface arranges filter screen draw-in groove is equipped with pore filtering net, and the clear mud mouth in another bottom is connected with sludge pump through pipeline; Described rear end sedimentation division box equipment point water controller automatically, the clear mud mouth in bottom is connected with sludge pump through pipeline; Described sludge pump is connected with high speed centrifugation tripping device through pipeline; Described cycle bleeder mouth is connected with recycle pump by pipeline, then above piping loop to gross porosity filtering net; Described gross porosity filtering net and pore filtering net are multiple screen pack that aperture size varies in size, and fast can dismantle on device, adjustment filtering accuracy and cleaning surface adhesion impurity.Described gross porosity filtering net is steel plate punching, pore diameter range 10-20mm; Described pore filtering net is stainless steel filter screen, pore diameter range 3-5mm.
The step of filtering and impurity removing is carried out successively: removed after the larger mechanical impurity of particle through gross porosity filtering net by waste mineral oil and enter front end pretreatment unit by the utility model, with the flocculation agent allocated from dispenser, metal-precipitators etc. are in a device through high speed agitator hybrid reaction, directly enter stage casing inclined plate sedimentation device through pipeline or enter in high speed centrifugation tripping device through pipeline again and indirectly enter stage casing inclined plate sedimentation device by after the impurity of precipitation and mineral oil sharp separation, by swash plate and pore filtering net, the impurity particle of failing to remove and portion of water are carried out sedimentation, filter, bottom forms heavy mud and a small amount of moisture delivers to high speed centrifugation tripping device separating treatment by the sludge pump be connected with clear mud mouth, top mineral oil enters rear end sedimentation division box through pressure reduction, by automatically dividing water controller, moisture is separated, a small amount of impurity of bottom sedimentation delivers to high speed centrifugation tripping device separating treatment by the sludge pump be connected with clear mud mouth, after completing removal of impurities, mineral oil is discharged through self-cleaning oil outlet.Front end dedoping step, according to the situation of foreign matter content in the pretreatment unit of front end, can beat the recycle pump of waste oil through being connected with discharge outlet and refilters to gross porosity filtering net surface.
System of the present utility model has following advantage: 1. gross porosity, pore filtering net are made up of the filter screen in multiple aperture, controllable process filtering accuracy, and dismantles convenient, is easy to cleaning surface adhesion impurity; 2. can realize filtering, precipitation, centrifugal, sedimentation etc. except miscellaneous operation, can be applicable to the polymorphic type oil product mixing waste mineral oil of impurity complex, applied widely, dust removal rate is high, and clearance can reach more than 98%; 3. one-piece construction is simple, and rationally, can operate according to waste oil impurity situation flexible transformation, level of automation is high, easily realizes industrialization for structure; 4. processing cost is cheap.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing and concrete embodiment, realization, feature etc. to utility model object further illustrate.
Fig. 1 is the system schematic of utility model.
Fig. 2 is waste mineral oil filtering and impurity removing technology schema.
In Fig. 1: 1. front end pretreatment unit; 2. cycle bleeder mouth; 3. high speed agitator; 4. gross porosity filtering net; 5. discharge outlet; 6. recycle pump; 7. dispenser; 8. high speed centrifugation tripping device; 9. stage casing inclined plate sedimentation device; 10. mud discharging mouth; 11. pore filtering nets; 12. filter screen draw-in grooves; 13. rear end sedimentation division boxs; 14. divide water controller automatically; 15. self-cleaning oil outlets; 16. mud discharging mouths; 17. sludge pumps.
Embodiment
As shown in Figure 1, a kind of waste mineral oil filtering and impurity removing system of polymorphic type oil product mixing, comprises front end pretreatment unit 1, high speed centrifugation tripping device 8, stage casing inclined plate sedimentation device 9, rear end sedimentation division box 13 etc.;
Concrete, front end pretreatment unit 1 described in this example is equipped with high speed agitator 3, gross porosity filtering net 4, cycle bleeder mouth 2, recycle pump 6 and dispenser 7, and bottom drain 5 is connected with high speed centrifugation tripping device 8, stage casing inclined plate sedimentation device 9 with pipeline 23 respectively through pipeline 24; Described high speed centrifugation tripping device 8 is connected with stage casing inclined plate sedimentation device 9 through pipeline 25; The swash plate angle of inclination of described stage casing inclined plate sedimentation device 9 is 60 °, and device is communicated with rear end sedimentation division box 13, and connected surface arranges filter screen draw-in groove 12 is equipped with pore filtering net 11, and the clear mud mouth 10 in another bottom is connected with sludge pump 17 through pipeline 26; Point water controller 14 automatically equipped by described rear end sedimentation division box 13, and the clear mud mouth 16 in bottom is connected with sludge pump 17 through pipeline 27; Described sludge pump 17 is connected with high speed centrifugation tripping device 8 through pipeline 28; Described cycle bleeder mouth 2 is connected with recycle pump 6 by pipeline 21, then is circulated to above gross porosity filtering net through pipeline 22; Multiple filter screens that described gross porosity filtering net 4 and pore filtering net 11 vary in size for aperture size, fast can dismantle on device, to adjust filtering accuracy and cleaning surface adhesion impurity.Described gross porosity filtering net 4 is steel plate punching, pore diameter range 10-20mm; Described pore filtering net 11 is stainless steel filter screen, pore diameter range 3-5mm.
As shown in Figure 2, the step of filtering and impurity removing is carried out successively: removed after the larger mechanical impurity of particle through gross porosity filtering net 4 by waste mineral oil and enter front end pretreatment unit 1 by the utility model, with the flocculation agent, metal-precipitator etc. allocated from dispenser 7 in the device 1 through high speed agitator 3 hybrid reaction, destroy gritty particle electric charge, small-particle impurity is flocculated into macrobead.In front end pretreatment unit 1, solid impurity amount is less, then directly enter stage casing inclined plate sedimentation device 9 through pipeline 23, solid impurity amount is more, then enter in high speed centrifugation tripping device 8 through pipeline 24 and indirectly enter stage casing inclined plate sedimentation device 9 by after the impurity of precipitation and mineral oil sharp separation, sedimentation is carried out by failing the impurity particle of centrifugal removing and portion of water by swash plate and pore filtering net 11, filter, bottom forms heavy mud and a small amount of moisture delivers to high speed centrifugation tripping device 8 separating treatment by the sludge pump 17 be connected with mud discharging mouth 10 through pipeline 28, top mineral oil enters rear end sedimentation division box 13 through pressure reduction, by automatically dividing water controller 14, utilize the density variation between water and mineral oil and hierarchical nature, in pressure reduction mode, moisture is separated, a small amount of heavy mud of bottom sedimentation delivers to high speed centrifugation tripping device 8 separating treatment by the sludge pump 17 be connected with mud discharging mouth 16 through pipeline 28 with water, after completing removal of impurities, mineral oil is discharged through self-cleaning oil outlet.In addition, front end dedoping step, according to the situation of foreign matter content in front end pretreatment unit 1, can refilter the recycle pump 6 dozens of waste oil through being connected with discharge outlet 2 to gross porosity filtering net 4 surface.
Above preferred embodiment is only in order to illustrate the technical solution of the utility model; not thereby the scope of the claims of the present utility model is limited; every the utility model that utilizes carries out equivalent structure transformation; or directly or indirectly change in form and details, all do not depart from scope of patent protection of the present utility model.

Claims (5)

1. a polymorphic type oil product mixing waste mineral oil filtering and impurity removing system, comprise front end pretreatment unit (1), high speed centrifugation tripping device (8), stage casing inclined plate sedimentation device (9), rear end sedimentation division box (13), it is characterized in that: described front end pretreatment unit (1) is equipped with high speed agitator (3), gross porosity filtering net (4), cycle bleeder mouth (2), recycle pump (6) and dispenser (7), bottom drain (5) is through pipeline (23, 24) respectively with high speed centrifugation tripping device (8), stage casing inclined plate sedimentation device (9) connects, described high speed centrifugation tripping device (8) is connected with stage casing inclined plate sedimentation device (9) through pipeline (25), described stage casing inclined plate sedimentation device (9) is communicated with rear end sedimentation division box (13), and the bottom mud discharging mouth (10) of described stage casing inclined plate sedimentation device (9) is connected with sludge pump (17), described rear end sedimentation division box (13) equipment point water controller (14) automatically, the bottom mud discharging mouth (16) of rear end sedimentation division box (13) is connected with sludge pump (17), described sludge pump (17) is connected with high speed centrifugation tripping device (8).
2. the system as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that, multiple screen pack that described gross porosity filtering net (4) and pore filtering net (11) vary in size for aperture size.
3. the system as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that, the swash plate angle of inclination in described stage casing inclined plate sedimentation device (7) is 60 °.
4. the system as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that, described gross porosity filtering net (4) is steel plate punching, pore diameter range 10-20mm; Described pore filtering net (11) is stainless steel filter screen, pore diameter range 3-5mm.
5. the system as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that, a described point water controller (14) is automatically mechanical type automatic water distributor, and bottom is communicated with rear end sedimentation division box (13).
CN201520436612.5U 2015-06-24 2015-06-24 Polymorphic type oil mixes useless mineral oil and filters edulcoration system Active CN204779490U (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113061464A (en) * 2021-04-02 2021-07-02 刘新华 Oil-residue separation processing and filtering device for waste mineral oil

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113061464A (en) * 2021-04-02 2021-07-02 刘新华 Oil-residue separation processing and filtering device for waste mineral oil

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